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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346475/current-status-of-radiology-training-in-otolaryngology-residency-programs
#1
Kirkland N Lozada, Joseph M Bernstein
Importance: Otolaryngologists use head and neck imaging on a daily basis. However, little is known about the training residents receive on the subject. Understanding the current training environment is important to identify areas of improvement for resident education. Objective: To assess the current state of radiology training in otolaryngology residency programs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a cross-sectional survey of 106 otolaryngology residency program directors involving multiple academic institutions...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344458/case-based-learning-in-microbiology-observations-from-a-north-west-indian-medical-college
#2
Anita Singhal
Background: Microbiology is usually taught by conventional lectures, and its retention and application is observed to be poor among medical graduates/practitioners. Aim and Objectives: Introduction of case-based learning (CBL) in microbiology for second-year professional MBBS students. Materials and Methods: Students were divided into two groups of fifty each. Four clinical cases were used for CBL. One group had two CBL sessions whereas the other had didactic lectures (DLs) and then the groups were crossed over...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341201/diversity-in-cancer-care-exploring-social-categories-in-encounters-between-healthcare-professionals-and-breast-cancer-patients
#3
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336306/mers-cov-spillover-at-the-camel-human-interface
#4
Gytis Dudas, Luiz Max Carvalho, Andrew Rambaut, Trevor Bedford
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a zoonotic virus from camels causing significant mortality and morbidity in humans in the Arabian Peninsula. The epidemiology of the virus remains poorly understood, and while case-based and seroepidemiological studies have been employed extensively throughout the epidemic, viral sequence data have not been utilised to their full potential. Here we use existing MERS-CoV sequence data to explore its phylodynamics in two of its known major hosts, humans and camels...
January 16, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335062/epidemiology-of-measles-cases-in-south-darfur-state-sudan-2011-2015
#5
Taha Hussein Musa, Rehab Ibrahim Kambo, Abdelkareem Abdallah Ahmed, Hassan Hussein Musa
Case-based surveillance measles data was defined according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. A total of 511 measles cases were studied from 2011 to 2015 in Southern Darfur State, Sudan and 58.1% of cases were confirmed from Nyala city. About 43.4% of cases were males, 56.6% of cases were female, and 47.7% were children under five years old. Similarity, within February to June, the cases increased by 8.0% in children vaccinated through measles campaign, and 5.3% in children that used child vaccination card and 78...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335008/multi-omics-differentially-classify-disease-state-and-treatment-outcome-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#6
Gavin M Douglas, Richard Hansen, Casey M A Jones, Katherine A Dunn, André M Comeau, Joseph P Bielawski, Rachel Tayler, Emad M El-Omar, Richard K Russell, Georgina L Hold, Morgan G I Langille, Johan Van Limbergen
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) has an unclear etiology, but there is growing evidence of a direct link with a dysbiotic microbiome. Many gut microbes have previously been associated with CD, but these have mainly been confounded with patients' ongoing treatments. Additionally, most analyses of CD patients' microbiomes have focused on microbes in stool samples, which yield different insights than profiling biopsy samples. RESULTS: We sequenced the 16S rRNA gene (16S) and carried out shotgun metagenomics (MGS) from the intestinal biopsies of 20 treatment-naïve CD and 20 control pediatric patients...
January 15, 2018: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334861/copd-management-by-swedish-general-practitioners-baseline-results-of-the-primair-study
#7
Hanna Sandelowsky, Natalia Natalishvili, Ingvar Krakau, Sonja Modin, Björn Ställberg, Anna Nager
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of suffering and death. Evidence-based management of COPD by general practitioners (GPs) is crucial for decreasing the impact of the disease. Efficient strategies include early diagnosis, smoking cessation and multimodal treatment. AIM: To describe knowledge about and skills for managing COPD in GPs in Sweden. METHODS: Prior to COPD education (the PRIMAIR Study), GPs at primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Stockholm replied to 13 written, patient-case based, multiple choice and free-text questions about COPD...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332247/practical-advantages-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-abdominopelvic-radiology
#8
Praveen Ganti Ranganath, Michelle L Robbin, Susan J Back, Edward G Grant, David T Fetzer
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are two of the workhorse modalities of abdominopelvic radiology. However, these modalities are not without patient- and technique-specific limitations that may prevent a timely and accurate diagnosis. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an effective, rapid, and cost-effective imaging modality with expanding clinical utility in the United States. In this pictorial essay, we provide a case-based discussion demonstrating the practical advantages of CEUS in evaluating a variety of pathologies in which CT or MRI was precluded or insufficient...
January 13, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329562/granular-cell-tumors-of-the-tongue-fibroma-or-schwannoma
#9
Atsushi Musha, Masaru Ogawa, Satoshi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumors are benign lesions that typically occur in the oral cavity, but can also be found in other sites. However, the characteristics of these tumors are unclear. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the immunohistological characteristics of these tumors of the tongue. METHODS: Seven patients were treated for granular cell tumors of the tongue at our institution during 2003-2017. Paraffin-embedded specimens were available for all cases; thus, retrospective immunohistochemical analyses were performed...
January 3, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327663/book-review-a-case-based-approach-to-learning-geriatric-medicine-thompson-s-lovett-n-grimley-evans-j-pendlebury-s-2015-oxford-case-histories-in-geriatric-medicine-oxford-uk-oxford-university-press-507-pp-67-50-isbn-978-0-19-969926-1
#10
Jennifer M Reckrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326856/using-small-case-based-learning-groups-as-a-setting-for-teaching-medical-students-how-to-provide-and-receive-peer-feedback
#11
Emily C Bird, Neil Osheroff, Cathleen C Pettepher, William B Cutrer, Robert H Carnahan
As future physicians, nearly all medical students will be required to provide face-to-face feedback. Moreover, receiving high quality feedback from multiple perspectives is particularly valuable during the pre-clerkship training period. To address these needs, we developed a straightforward, easy to implement exercise that affords students the opportunity to practice giving and receiving feedback with peers. We describe how this exercise has been tailored to fit within the case-based learning small groups of our first-year curriculum and how to enhance the activity by weaving the basic principles of quality feedback into preparation sessions...
December 2017: Medical Science Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325495/management-of-cancer-associated-venous-thromboembolism-a-case-based-practical-approach
#12
Minna Voigtlaender, Florian Langer
In patients with solid tumours or haematological malignancies, venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of death and significantly contributes to morbidity and healthcare resource utilization. Current practice guidelines recommend long-term anticoagulation with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) as the treatment of choice for cancer-associated VTE, based on clinical trial data showing an overall improved safety and efficacy profile of LMWH compared to vitamin K antagonists. However, several open questions remain, e...
January 12, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322963/botulinum-toxin-in-meige-s-syndrome-a-video-based-case-series
#13
Sanjay Pandey, Soumya Sharma
CONTEXT: Despite being the most common cause of cranial dystonia, Meige's syndrome remains a rare clinical entity. Characterized by blepharospasm and orofacial dystonia, patients suffering from Meige's syndrome benefit from the injection of botulinum toxin (BTX). AIMS: As the majority of the studies tend to discuss Meige's syndrome with blepharospasm patients, there is a paucity of case-based studies dealing exclusively with this syndrome. Hence, we intended to characterize and define the evolution of this syndrome and objectively determine the response of the patients suffering from this entity to BTX therapy...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317836/prognosis-of-patients-with-primary-malignant-main-stem-bronchial-tumors-7-418-cases-based-on-the-seer-database
#14
Ke Ma, Fenghao Sun, Xiaodong Yang, Shuai Wang, Lin Wang, Yulin Jin, Yu Shi, Wei Jiang, Cheng Zhan, Qun Wang
Background: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for patients with malignant main stem bronchial tumors (MBTs) and to develop a nomogram for predicting prognosis in those patients using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Method: A process was used for case screening from the SEER database. The effect of prognostic factors on survival was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test, a competing risk model, and the Cox proportional hazards regression model...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316189/acute-lumbar-paraspinal-compartment-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
William Alexander, Nelson Low, George Pratt
While still a rare entity, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome has an increasing incidence. Similar to other compartment syndromes, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is defined by raised pressure within a closed fibro-osseous space, limiting tissue perfusion within that space. The resultant tissue ischaemia presents as acute pain, and if left untreated, it may result in permanent tissue damage. A literature search of 'paraspinal compartment syndrome' revealed 21 articles. The details from a case encountered by the authors are also included...
January 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315417/interactive-or-static-reports-to-guide-clinical-interpretation-of-cancer-genomics
#16
Stacy W Gray, Jeffrey Gagan, Ethan Cerami, Angel M Cronin, Hajime Uno, Nelly Oliver, Carol Lowenstein, Ruth Lederman, Anna Revette, Aaron Suarez, Charlotte Lee, Jordan Bryan, Lynette Sholl, Eliezer M Van Allen
Objective: Misinterpretation of complex genomic data presents a major challenge in the implementation of precision oncology. We sought to determine whether interactive genomic reports with embedded clinician education and optimized data visualization improved genomic data interpretation. Materials and Methods: We conducted a randomized, vignette-based survey study to determine whether exposure to interactive reports for a somatic gene panel, as compared to static reports, improves physicians' genomic comprehension and report-related satisfaction (overall scores calculated across 3 vignettes, range 0-18 and 1-4, respectively, higher score corresponding with improved endpoints)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315053/book-reviews-emergency-dermatology-2nd-edn-edited-by-ronni-wolf-lawrence-c-parish-jennifer-l-parish-crc-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-99-00-pp-358-isbn-9781498729314-viral-infections-in-children-volume-1-edited-by-robin-j-green-springer-2017-price-%C3%A2-115-50-pp-220-isbn
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314365/transannular-4-3-cycloadditions-of-macrocyclic-epoxy-ketones
#18
Diana Chan, Yu Chen, Kam-Hung Low, Pauline Chiu
Transannular (4+3) cycloadditions of dienophiles derived from macrocyclic epoxy ketones produce fused ring systems having central cycloheptane subunits. In some cases, base directly induced the cycloisomerization of the epoxy ketones to yield the cycloadducts; in others, the epoxy ketones were transformed into their corresponding enolsilanes before cycloaddition. Enantiomerically-enriched tricyclic arrays are obtained from cycloadditions starting from optically pure epoxy ketones.
January 4, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312878/case-based-approach-to-demonstrate-utility-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-for-planning-biventricular-repair-with-inconclusive-echo-illustration-of-two-cases
#19
Supriya Gupta, Hanzhou Li, Jayanth H Keshavamurthy, Gyanendra K Sharma, Anastasios C Polimenakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312760/post-cardioversion-st-segment-elevation-a-case-based-review-of-the-pathophysiology
#20
EDITORIAL
Punag Divanji, Nitish Badhwar, Nora Goldschlager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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