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ethnical aggressive impulsive

Tina D Wall Myers, Abigail Salcedo, Paul J Frick, James V Ray, Laura C Thornton, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
The current study advanced research on the link between community violence exposure and aggression by comparing the effects of violence exposure on different functions of aggression and by testing four potential (i.e., callous-unemotional traits, consideration of others, impulse control, and anxiety) mediators of this relationship. Analyses were conducted in an ethnically/racially diverse sample of 1,216 male first-time juvenile offenders (M = 15.30 years, SD = 1.29). Our results indicated that violence exposure had direct effects on both proactive and reactive aggression 18 months later...
May 2018: Development and Psychopathology
Giovanni Piumatti, Cristina Mosso
The current study explored how individual differences in endorsement of aggressive behaviors and thoughts relate to individual levels of tolerance and prejudice toward immigrants and established prejudice correlates such as social dominance orientation (SDO) and ethnic out-groups ratings among adolescents. Participants (N = 141; Age M = 16.08, 68% girls) completed the Readiness for Interpersonal Aggression Inventory, the Tolerance and Prejudice Questionnaire, and measures of SDO and ethnic out-groups ratings...
March 2017: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Lauren Tingey, Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere-Hinton, Angelita Lee, Rosemarie Suttle, Melanie Alchesay, Kirk Massey, Allison Barlow
BACKGROUND: American Indian (AI) adolescents are disproportionately burdened by alcohol abuse and heavy binge use, often leading to problematic drinking in adulthood. However, many AI communities also have large proportions of adults who abstain from alcohol. OBJECTIVE: To understand these concurrent and divergent patterns, we explored the relationship between risk and protective factors for heavy binge alcohol use among a reservation-based sample of AI adolescents...
November 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Nadine M Melhem, John G Keilp, Giovanna Porta, Maria A Oquendo, Ainsley Burke, Barbara Stanley, Thomas B Cooper, J John Mann, David A Brent
Studies looking at the relationship of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to suicidal behavior and its risk factors, such as depression, childhood abuse, and impulsive aggression, report inconsistent results. These studies also do not always differentiate between subjects who go on to attempt suicide, suicidal subjects who never attempted suicide, and non-suicidal subjects with psychiatric disorders. In this study, we examined cortisol responses to an experimental stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), in 208 offspring of parents with mood disorder...
May 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Lauretta M Brennan, Daniel S Shaw, Thomas J Dishion, Melvin N Wilson
Research suggests that school-age children with disruptive behavior (DB) problems frequently demonstrate impaired social skills and experience rejection from peers, which plays a crucial role in the pathway to more serious antisocial behavior. A critical question is which DB problems in early childhood are prognostic of impaired social functioning in school-age children. This study examines the hypothesis that aggression in early childhood will be the more consistent predictor of compromised social functioning than inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive, or oppositional behavior...
August 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Lin Wang, Chang Zhi He, Yun Miao Yu, Xiao Hui Qiu, Xiu Xian Yang, Zheng Xue Qiao, Hong Sui, Xiong Zhao Zhu, Yan Jie Yang
BACKGROUND: Although there are accumulating data regarding the epidemiology of suicide in China, there are meager data on suicidal ideation and attempts among college students. Interestingly, elevated impulsivity is thought to facilitate the transition from suicidal thoughts to suicidal behavior. Therefore, the objective of this research was to identify the associations between suicide and the personality factors of impulsivity and aggression. METHODS: This study's sampling method employed stratified random cluster sampling...
2014: BMC Public Health
A Karmakar, S Maitra, D Verma, B Chakraborti, R Goswami, P Ghosh, S Sinha, K P Mohanakumar, R Usha, K Mukhopadhyay
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequently diagnosed behavioral disorder in children with a high frequency of co-morbid conditions like conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). These traits are controlled by neurotransmitters like dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the degradation of amines, has been reported to be associated with aggression, impulsivity, depression, and mood changes. We hypothesized that MAOA can have a potential role in ADHD associated CD/ODD and analyzed 24 markers in a group of Indo-Caucasoid subjects...
May 2014: Neurochemical Research
F Jollant, A Malafosse, R Docto, C Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Extremely high rates of suicide localized within subgroups of populations where suicide is rare have been reported. We investigated this intriguing observation in a population of South-East Asia, where local culture should theoretically be preventative of suicide. METHOD: A team including an anthropologist and a psychiatrist surveyed all cases of suicide that had occurred over 10 years in four isolated regions. A psychological autopsy was carried out comparing each suicide case with two matched control cases...
August 2014: Psychological Medicine
Dorothy J Begg, John D Langley, Rebecca L Brookland, Shanthi Ameratunga, Pauline Gulliver
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-licence driving experiences, that is driving before beginning the licensing process, increased or decreased crash risk as a car driver, during the learner or the restricted licence stages of the graduated driver licensing system (GDLS). METHOD: Study participants were 15-24 year old members of the New Zealand Drivers Study (NZDS) - a prospective cohort study of newly licensed car drivers. The interview stages of the NZDS are linked to, the three licensing stages of the GDLS: learner, restricted and full...
January 2014: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Jennifer L Allen, Jacqueline Briskman, Sajid Humayun, Mark R Dadds, Stephen Scott
Clinical theory predicts that individuals high in psychopathic traits possess average or above average intelligence; however findings in adult and child samples have been mixed. The present study aimed to investigate (1) the relationship between verbal and nonverbal intelligence and the three dimensions of psychopathy (callous-unemotional (CU) traits, narcissism, impulsivity); and (2) whether these dimensions moderate the association between verbal and nonverbal intelligence and the severity of antisocial behavior...
December 30, 2013: Psychiatry Research
Sheryl L Olson, Arnold J Sameroff, Jennifer E Lansford, Holly Sexton, Pamela Davis-Kean, John E Bates, Gregory S Pettit, Kenneth A Dodge
The purpose of this study was to determine whether five subcomponents of children's externalizing behavior showed distinctive patterns of long-term growth and predictive correlates. We examined growth in teachers' ratings of overt aggression, covert aggression, oppositional defiance, impulsivity/inattention, and emotion dysregulation across three developmental periods spanning kindergarten through Grade 8 (ages 5-13 years). We also determined whether three salient background characteristics, family socioeconomic status, child ethnicity, and child gender, differentially predicted growth in discrete categories of child externalizing symptoms across development...
August 2013: Development and Psychopathology
Ranjit Padhy, Kirti Saxena, Lisa Remsing, Julia Huemer, Belinda Plattner, Hans Steiner
To investigate response to Divalproex sodium (DVPX) with respect to Reactive/Affective/Defensive/Impulsive (RADI) and Proactive/Instrumental/Premeditated (PIP) aggression among adolescent males with conduct disorder (CD), using results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. It was hypothesized that DVPX response among participants with RADI aggression would be greater than among those with PIP aggression. Fifty-eight ethnically diverse males with severe CD were assigned to High Distress (HDCD) or Low Distress (LDCD) Conduct Disorder, corresponding with RADI and PIP aggression, respectively...
October 2011: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Shauna Weinstein, Antonia S New, Laura Bevilacqua, Qiaoping Yuan, Zhifeng Zhou, Colin Hodgkinson, Marianne Goodman, Harold W Koenigsberg, David Goldman, Larry J Siever
BACKGROUND: There is a decreased serotonergic function in impulsive aggression and borderline personality disorder (BPD), and genetic association studies suggest a role of serotonergic genes in impulsive aggression and BPD. Only one study has analyzed the association between the tryptophan-hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) gene and BPD. A TPH2 "risk" haplotype has been described that is associated with anxiety, depression and suicidal behavior. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between the previously identified "risk" haplotype at the TPH2 locus and BPD diagnosis, impulsive aggression, affective lability, and suicidal/parasuicidal behaviors, in a well-characterized clinical sample of 103 healthy controls (HCs) and 251 patients with personality disorders (109 with BPD)...
November 2010: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Stacy B Horner, Gary D Fireman, Eugene W Wang
Peer nominations and demographic information were collected from a diverse sample of 1493 elementary school participants to examine behavior (overt and relational aggression, impulsivity, and prosociality), context (peer status), and demographic characteristics (race and gender) as predictors of teacher and administrator decisions about discipline. Exploratory results using classification tree analyses indicated students nominated as average or highly overtly aggressive were more likely to be disciplined than others...
April 2010: Journal of School Psychology
B A J van Spijker, T Graafsma, H I A Dullaart, A J F M Kerkhof
BACKGROUND: Intentional self-poisoning with pesticides is a serious problem in many developing countries. It is a commonly used method among South Asians all over the world. AIMS: To describe the circumstances and characteristics of suicides in Nickerie, e, in order to gain insight into why South Asians commonly use self-poisoning. METHODS: An exploratory psychological autopsy study was conducted among 19 survivors of 13 suicides in the Nickerie district in Suriname...
2009: Crisis
Yukiko Kano, Masataka Ohta, Yoko Nagai, Lawrence Scahill
The purpose of this study was (1) to document cases of Tourette syndrome (TS) with comorbidities such as obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and hyperkinetic disorder (HD), and (2) to examine differences in clinical characteristics between TS patients with OCS and HD and those without these comorbidities. The subjects in the study were 88 Japanese TS patients (67 males and 21 females; mean age: 15.2years) who were treated by 31 clinicians including psychiatrists and pediatricians. Data on tic symptoms, comorbidities and severity were scrutinized...
March 2010: Brain & Development
Michael S McCloskey, Antonia S New, Larry J Siever, Marianne Goodman, Harold W Koenigsberg, Janine D Flory, Emil F Coccaro
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is marked by aggression and impulsive, often self-destructive behavior. Despite the severe risks associated with BPD, relatively little is known about the disorder's etiology. Identification of genetic correlates (endophenotypes) of BPD would improve the prospects of targeted interventions for more homogeneous subsets of borderline patients characterized by specific genetic vulnerabilities. The current study evaluated behavioral measures of aggression and impulsivity as potential endophenotypes for BPD...
August 2009: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Gil Zalsman, Amos Frisch, Ruth Baruch-Movshovits, Leo Sher, Elena Michaelovsky, Robert A King, Tsvi Fischel, Haggai Hermesh, Pablo Goldberg, Marianne Gorlyn, Sagit Misgav, Alan Apter, Sam Tyano, Abraham Weizman
UNLABELLED: Suicidal behavior runs in families and is partially genetically determined. Since greater serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptor binding has been reported in postmortem brain and platelets of suicide victims, the 5-HT(2A) receptor gene polymorphism T102C became one of the candidate sites in the study of suicide and impulsive-aggressive traits. However, studies that examined the association of this polymorphism with suicidality have contradictory results. This study used a family-based method and one homogenous ethnic group to overcome ethnic stratification in order to test this association...
July 2005: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Philippe Courtet, Fabrice Jollant, Catherine Buresi, Didier Castelnau, Dominique Mouthon, Alain Malafosse
OBJECTIVE: Compelling evidence suggests that serotonin system dysfunction is associated with certain behavioral disorders, including suicidal behavior and impulsive aggression. A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the monoamine oxidase A gene (uVNTR) was recently identified and the presence of the 2-3 alleles was found to be associated with a higher level of transcription, central nervous system serotonergic responsivity and impulsive aggression. A dinucleotide repeat in intron 2 of the gene (monoamine oxidase A-CAn) has been described previously, and is in linkage disequilibrium with the variable number of tandom repeats (VNTR)...
September 2005: Psychiatric Genetics
Jasminka Stefulj, Andreas B├╝ttner, Josip Skavic, Peter Zill, Melita Balija, Wolfgang Eisenmenger, Brigitta Bondy, Branimir Jernej
Serotonergic dysfunction is believed to be involved in the susceptibility to suicide due to functional alternations in the serotonin-related genes. Serotonin 1B (5HT-1B) receptor mediates aggressive behavior in mice models and was proposed to be involved in the control of aggression and impulsivity in humans. In this study we have investigated the association of G861C polymorphism of the 5HT-1B receptor gene with suicide commitment. Study was based on two independent samples, one of German (245 suicide victims vs...
May 15, 2004: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
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