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Infectious Deseases

B Sushma, Sachin Gugwad, Rajdeep Pavaskar, Shambhvi A Malik
Prion diseases were first discovered by Stanley B. Prusiner who defined prions as infectious, transmissible proteinaceous particles that lack nucleic acid and are composed exclusively of a modified isoform of the noninfectious cellular prion protein (PrPC). These are incurable neurodegenerative conditions affecting both animals and humans. They may be sporadic, infectious or inherited in origin. Human prion diseases include Creutzfeldt-Jakob desease (CJD), Gerstmann- Straussler-Scheinker disease, Kuru and Fatal familial insomnia...
January 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Daniela Ferreira, Ana M L Seca, Diana C G A, Artur M S Silva
UNLABELLED: Human bacterial infections are still a major public health problem throughout the world. Therefore it is fundamental to understand how pathogenic bacteria interact with their human host and to develop more advanced drugs or vaccines in response to the increasing bacterial resistance. Since iron is essential to bacterial survival and growth inside the host tissues, these microorganisms have developed highly efficient iron-acquisition systems; the most common one involves the secretion of iron chelators into the extracellular environment, known as siderophores, and the corresponding siderophore-membrane receptors or transporters responsible for the iron uptake...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Francis Trépardoux
In 1757, Struensee (1737-1772) graduated in medicine at Halle-Saale university, as his father a high dignitary in the lutherian church was, and supported by the presence of his grand-father the physician and scientist Samuel Carl. The family moved to Altona where he was nominated as physician in the city council. Then he largely dealt with medical and social items, for orphans and disabled, and attempted to prevent infectious deseases, small pox, typhus, scabies ans dysenteric syndroms. For sure when he practised his investigations on water samples with microscopy, Struensee acted as a pioneer to suspect microrganisms to be responsible for infectious diseases...
April 2015: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Qing-hua Wang, Wen-jie Shang, Chun-tao Zhao, Shu-wen Zhang, Shou-long Lu, Xiao-dong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of echinococcosis in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province since the implementation of the echinococcosis control project from Sepical Funds for Central Government Subsidies to Local Public Health (2007-2011). METHODS: Eight counties of Hezuo, Lintan, Zhuoni, Luqu, Maqu, Xiahe, Zhouqu, and Diebu were selected as survey sites. The prevalence in the sampled population was investigated by B ultrasound examination...
February 2015: chinese Journal of Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases
D A Morozov, E S Pimenova, V K Tatochenko, M D Bakradze, D D Gadliya, O L Morozova, A G Talalaev
The rare combination of intestinal lymphangiectasia with malrotation of the duodenum in a child of three months of life is described. Basing on the literature review only 3 similar cases were described in the world practice. The boy with protein-losing enteropathy was examined at Moscow Scientific Centre of Children's Health. The child had vomiting, diarrhea, loss in body weight, hypoproteinemia, lymphopenia. The infectious nature of the disease was excluded. It had been suggested the Waldman desease (primary intestinal lymphangiectasia)...
2015: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Yuan-Yuan Shao, Zong-Hong Shao
IgG is the main immunoglobulin, brings the immunolgic effects in body. The human IgG can be divided into four kinds; IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, respectively. The structures of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4 are different, therefore, their functions are also different. The defects, increase or imbalance of the IgG subtypes in autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases, cancer and other diseases are indicators of the immune response. IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 also play a different important roles in the disease progress. The analysis of IgG subtypes is beneficial to study the etiology, pathogenesis and prognosis of above menthioned deseases...
February 2015: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Leonardo López, Germán Burguerner, Leonardo Giovanini
BACKGROUND: The spread of an infectious disease is determined by biological and social factors. Models based on cellular automata are adequate to describe such natural systems consisting of a massive collection of simple interacting objects. They characterize the time evolution of the global system as the emergent behaviour resulting from the interaction of the objects, whose behaviour is defined through a set of simple rules that encode the individual behaviour and the transmission dynamic...
2014: BMC Research Notes
(no author information available yet)
The novel combination of an electrochemiluminescent label used in a magnetic microparticle-based immunoassay format defines a significantly improved level of immunodiagnostic performance. The main advantages of electrochemiluminescent immunoassays are high sensitivity, extended linearity of signal response together with speed of signal generation and measurement. These attributes in conjunction with fully automated random access analyser lead to superior level of user convenience and clinical application. Electrochmemiluminescence has been applied today to a wide range of analytes of biological interest including thyroid and fertility hormones, infectious desease, as well as various markers of cardiac, malignant and auto immune disease...
July 1998: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
M A M Moreira, C R Bonvicino, M A Soares, H N Seuánez
The classification of neotropical primates has been controversial, and different arrangements have been proposed based on disparate taxonomic criteria and on the traits selected for elucidating phylogenetic reconstructions, like morphologic characters, nuclear DNA and mitochondrial DNA. Population studies of some neotropical primates have been useful for assessing their extant genetic variability and for understanding their social structure and dynamics. Finally, neotropical primates have become valuable models for some human infectious deseases, especially for HIV studies related to viral resistance...
2010: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Grozdana Canak, Jovan Vukadinov, Snezana Brkić, Daniela Svarc, Maja Ruzić, Nadica Kovacević, Milotka Fabri, Jovana Jovanović, Biljana Klasnja, Dejan Cvjetković, Radoslava Doder, Sinisa Sević, Vesna Turkulov, Sandra Stefan-Mikić, Koviljka Knezević, Mirjana Aleksić-Dordević, Tomislav Preveden
INTRODUCTION: Infectious diseases are a part of the history of this region. Devastating epidemics of plague, smallpox, and cholera were frequent during the 18th and the 19th centuries. Other infectious diseases were a serious problem as well: alimentary tract infections, scarlet fever, diphtheria, whooping cough. Geographic position, climate, migrations, as well as the tradition and lack of medical staff and medications, affected the frequency and outcome of infections. THE HISTORY OF THE TREATMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Patients with infectious diseases were first treated at home...
November 2007: Medicinski Pregled
F Renou, A Gerber, M-P Moiton, D Ferrandiz, J-L Yvin
INTRODUCTION: The most common presenting features of multiple myeloma are bone pain, anemia, renal failure or hypercalcemia. Bacterial infection as the initial presentation of this desease is rare. CLINICAL CASE: We report the case of a 62-year-old man with pneumococcal septic arthritis of the knee revealing a multiple myeloma. DISCUSSION: Pneumococcal infection should lead to a suspicion of underlying illness and especially the multiple myeloma...
March 2007: La Revue de Médecine Interne
H Arai, Y Rino, T Nishii, K Andou, R Kurosawa, F Kuroki, T Imagawa, M Mori, S Yokota, H Oshiro, Y Takanashi
A 22-year-old man was admitted to the department of pediatrics of our institute in February 2005, because of pulmonary aspergillosis. He had been diagnosed as hyper immunoglobulin-E syndrome in infancy, and repeated pulmonary infectious desease, such as pulmonary aspergillosis. He received art of right upper lobectomy by pulmonary aspergillosis at the age of 17. In February 2005, he had hemosputum and the chest X-ray showed a giant cavity with niveau in the right lung. In spite of medical treatment by antibiotics and antimycotics, the lesion rapidly increased in size...
March 2006: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
A E Gravino
Leishmaniasis is a zoonosis caused by an intracellular parasite belonging to the genus Leishmania. In Europe, Africa, South America and China, visceral leishmaniasis is caused by L. infantum. The vectors of leishmaniasis are phlebotomine sandflies belonging to the genera Phlebotomus. According to the World Health Organization there are 2 million new cases each year and 1/10 of the world's population is at risk of infection. Leishmaniasis is considered a zoonosis and human are generally accidental hosts. The animal reservoir includes rodents, dog and other mammals...
June 2004: Parassitologia
D Ouattara, J P Meningaud, L Kaba, A Sica, H Asse
INTRODUCTION: Buruli ulcer is the most common mycobacteria disease after leprosy and tuberculosis. The purpose of our study is to make our contribution to the surgical treatment of Buruli ulcer and to asses our results. METHOD: One hundred eighteen patients presenting progressive Buruli ulcers were operated on. The surgical procedure included excisions for necrotic lesions and grafts for clean wounds. The results were estimated on the time of hospitalization and appearance of complications...
February 2004: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 1964: Minerva Medica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1961: Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii
Edward McKintosh, Sarah J Tabrizi, John Collinge
Prion diseases are incurable neurodegenerative conditions affecting both animals and humans. They may be sporadic, infectious, or inherited in origin. Human prion diseases include Creutzfeldt-Jakob desease (CJD), Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, kuru, and fatal familial insomnia. The appearance of variant CJD, and the demonstration that is caused by strains indistinguishable from bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, has led to the threat of a major epidemic of human prion disease in the UK and other countries where widespread dietary exposure to bovine prions has occurred...
April 2003: Journal of Neurovirology
C Deng, X Fang, C Wan
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the infectious rates and incidence rates through epidemiological investigation. METHODS: Serum samples from 203 new soldiers were detected from Lboz by TAT. RESULTS: Infectious rates was 33.00% (67/203), and the incidence rates was 8.87% (18/203) with 2 cases of pneumonic type and 16 cases of pontiac fever type. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that an outbreak of Legionnaires' desease caused by Legionella bozemanii (Lboz) took place in a suburb of Beijing...
June 2001: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Y Tang, H Cheng
From 1994 to 1997, we had continuously and actively conducted surveillance on reports of legal infectious diseases and administrative performance of hospitals in this aspect. The proportion from outpatient clinic in the whole province under supervision had sucessively increased yearly. It suggested that the implementation of "report on the first visit" regulation had been improved; the number of hospitals with "no information on epidemic desease" had decreased, and the number of months with no information on epidemic disease had also decreased...
June 1998: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
C Besozzi, A Buratta, V Carreri
The AA. acting as members of Regional Health Assessor in Lombardy, have exposed the data of infectious diseases declared in comparison with the data of other Regions and also with data of the single provinces. Useful indications shall be offered to the operators of public health and also to the responsible persons of the local Administrations.
November 1974: Annali Sclavo; Rivista di Microbiologia e di Immunologia
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