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Vassilis Tangoulis, Nikolia Lalioti, John Parthenios, Nikos Boukos, Ondřej Malina, Jiří Tuček, Radek Zbořil
While synthetic methods for the grafting of nanoparticles or photoactive molecules onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been developed in the last years, a very limited number of reports have appeared on the grafting of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) onto CNTs. There are many potential causes, mainly focused on the fact that the attachment of molecules on surfaces remains not trivial and their magnetic properties are significantly affected upon attachment. Nevertheless, implementation of this particular type of hybrid material in demanding fields such as spintronic devices makes of utmost importance the investigation of new synthetic protocols for effective grafting...
May 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Shanna Zhu, Dechao Meng, Genhao Liang, Gang Shi, Peng Zhao, Peng Cheng, Yongqing Li, Xiaofang Zhai, Yalin Lu, Lan Chen, Kehui Wu
Inducing magnetism in a topological insulator (TI) by exchange coupling with a ferromagnetic insulator (FMI) will break the time-reversal symmetry of topological surface states, offering possibilities to realize several predicted novel magneto-electric effects. Seeking suitable FMI materials is crucial for the coupling of heterojunctions, and yet is challenging as well and only a few kinds have been explored. In this report, we introduce epitaxial LaCoO3 thin films on a SrTiO3 substrate, which is an insulating ferromagnet with a Curie temperature of TC ∼ 85 K, to be combined with TIs for proximity coupling...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
Sourav Sahoo, Sucheta Mondal, Gwilym Williams, Andrew May, Sam Ladak, Anjan Barman
Three-dimensional magnetic nanostructures are now attracting intense interest due to their potential as ultrahigh density future magnetic storage devices. Here, we report on the study of ultrafast magnetization dynamics of a complex three-dimensional magnetic nanostructure. Arrays of magnetic tetrapod structures were fabricated using a combination of two-photon lithography (TPL) and electrodeposition. All-optical time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr microscopy was exploited to probe the spin-wave modes from the junction of a single tetrapod structure...
May 17, 2018: Nanoscale
Hongmei Liu, Xiaolong Li, Changmin Shi, Dongchao Wang, Li Chen, Yuanyuan He, Jianwei Zhao
The recently synthesized two-dimensional metal bis(dithiolene) complex (MDT), a kind of metal-organic framework with a kagome lattice structure, has been found to be a promising material for electronic devices. Here we report the surface adsorption effects of gas molecules on the electronic properties and transport behaviors of two-dimensional MDT (M = Fe, Co, Ni, Pd, and Pt) films. The first-principles results reveal that the MDT nanosheets are selectively sensitive to different adsorbed molecules, such as CO, NO, and O2 molecules...
May 17, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kristy J Kormondy, Lingyuan Gao, Xiang Li, Sirong Lu, Agham B Posadas, Shida Shen, Maxim Tsoi, Martha R McCartney, David J Smith, Jianshi Zhou, Leonid L Lev, Marius-Adrian Husanu, Vladimir N Strocov, Alexander A Demkov
The development of novel nano-oxide spintronic devices would benefit greatly from interfacing with emergent phenomena at oxide interfaces. In this paper, we integrate highly spin-split ferromagnetic semiconductor EuO onto perovskite SrTiO3 (001). A careful deposition of Eu metal by molecular beam epitaxy results in EuO growth via oxygen out-diffusion from SrTiO3 . This in turn leaves behind a highly conductive interfacial layer through generation of oxygen vacancies. Below the Curie temperature of 70 K of EuO, this spin-polarized two-dimensional t 2g electron gas at the EuO/SrTiO3 interface displays very large positive linear magnetoresistance (MR)...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xuejiao Chen, Lei Liu, Dezhen Shen
Here, we investigated the Rashba effect of the CsPbBr<sub>3</sub> bilayers under the external electric eld (EEF), with the first-principles calculations. For the PbBr<sub>2</sub> terminated bilayer, we found that only electrons experience the Rashba splitting under EEF, while holes do not. Such n-type Rashba effect can be ascribed to the surface relaxation effect that reverses the positions of the top valence bands. The n-type Rashba parameter can be tuned monotonically to the maximum of 0...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Xie Zhang, Jimmy-Xuan Shen, Chris G Van de Walle
Hybrid perovskites such as MAPbI3 (MA=CH3 NH3 ) exhibit a unique spin texture. The spin texture (as calculated within the Rashba effective model) has been suggested to be responsible for a suppression of radiative recombination due to a mismatch of spins at the band edges. Here we compute the spin texture from first principles and demonstrate that it does not suppress recombination. The exact spin texture is dominated by the inversion asymmetry of the local electrostatic potential, which is determined by the structural distortion induced by the MA molecule...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Yilin Han, Yang Wu, Tingzhou Li, R Khenata, Tie Yang, Xiaotian Wang
We apply First-principles theory to study the electronic structure as well as the magnetic and mechanical characteristics of YRhTiGe, a newly-designed Y-based quaternary equiatomic Heusler compound. This compound is half-metallic in nature with a ferromagnetic ground state. The total magnetic moment of YRhTiGe is 2 μB and it obeys the Slater-Pauling rule, Mt = Zt - 18, where Mt and Zt are the total magnetic moment and total number of valence electrons, respectively. The magnetic and half-metallic behaviors at its equilibrium and strained lattice constants have been discussed in detail...
May 15, 2018: Materials
Xin Ma, Guoqiang Yu, Chi Tang, Xiang Li, Congli He, Jing Shi, Kang L Wang, Xiaoqin Li
The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) at the heavy metal (HM) and ferromagnetic metal (FM) interface has been recognized as a key ingredient in spintronic applications. Here we investigate the chemical trend of DMI on the 5d band filling (5d^{3}-5d^{10}) of the HM element in HM/FM (FM=CoFeB,Co)/MgO multilayer thin films. DMI is quantitatively evaluated by measuring asymmetric spin wave dispersion using Brillouin light scattering. Sign reversal and 20 times modification of the DMI coefficient D have been measured as the 5d HM element is varied...
April 13, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Camilo Ulloa, R A Duine
Motivated by recent experimental work, we consider spin transport between a normal metal and a gapped quantum paramagnet. We model the latter as the magnonic Mott-insulating phase of an easy-plane ferromagnetic insulator. We evaluate the spin current mediated by the interface exchange coupling between the ferromagnet and the adjacent normal metal. For the strongly interacting magnons that we consider, this spin current gives rise to a spin Hall magnetoresistance that strongly depends on the magnitude of the magnetic field, rather than its direction...
April 27, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Hongzhe Pan, Yin Han, Jianfu Li, Hongyu Zhang, Youwei Du, Nujiang Tang
To obtain high-performance spintronic devices with high integration density, two-dimensional (2D) half-metallic materials are highly desired. Herein, we proposed a stable 2D material, i.e., the Mg3C2 monolayer, with a honeycomb-kagome lattice based on the particle-swarm optimization algorithm and first-principles calculations. This monolayer is an anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) semiconductor in its ground state. We have also demonstrated that a transition from an AFM semiconductor to a ferromagnetic half-metal in this 2D material can be induced by carrier (electron or hole) doping...
May 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xiang Ni, David Purtseladze, Daria A Smirnova, Alexey Slobozhanyuk, Andrea Alù, Alexander B Khanikaev
Recent advances in condensed matter physics have shown that the spin degree of freedom of electrons can be efficiently exploited in the emergent field of spintronics, offering unique opportunities for efficient data transfer, computing, and storage ( 1 - 3 ). These concepts have been inspiring analogous approaches in photonics, where the manipulation of an artificially engineered pseudospin degree of freedom can be enabled by synthetic gauge fields acting on light ( 4 - 6 ). The ability to control these degrees of freedom significantly expands the landscape of available optical responses, which may revolutionize optical computing and the basic means of controlling light in photonic devices across the entire electromagnetic spectrum...
May 2018: Science Advances
Xiannian Yao, Qingqing Duan, Junwei Tong, Yufang Chang, Lianqun Zhou, Gaowu Qin, Xianmin Zhang
Organic spin devices utilizing the properties of both spin and charge inherent in electrons have attracted extensive research interest in the field of future electronic device development. In the last decade, magnetoresistance effects, including giant magetoresistance and tunneling magnetoresistance, have been observed in organic spintronics. Significant progress has been made in understanding spin-dependent transport phenomena, such as spin injection or tunneling, manipulation, and detection in organic spintronics...
May 3, 2018: Materials
José-Luis Ortiz-Quiñonez, Umapada Pal, Martin Salazar Villanueva
Fabrication of phase-pure well-crystalline BiFeO3 submicroparticles in large scale is of great importance for the utilization of this rhombohedrally distorted perovskite material in applications such as memory storage and spintronic devices and visible photocatalyst for the degradation of organic pollutants. In fact, because of the narrow temperature range of phase stabilization, the fabrication of phase-pure BiFeO3 in large scale remained elusive. We present the synthesis of phase-pure BiFeO3 particles of submicrometric dimensions (246-330 nm average size) through the adjustment of oxidizing/reducing agent ratio in solution combustion process utilizing glycine as reducing agent and nitrate precursors as oxidizing agent...
May 10, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Heng Gao, Wei Wu, Tao Hu, Alessandro Stroppa, Xinran Wang, Baigeng Wang, Feng Miao, Wei Ren
Spin-valley and electronic band topological properties have been extensively explored in quantum material science, yet their coexistence has rarely been realized in stoichiometric two-dimensional (2D) materials. We theoretically predict the quantum spin Hall effect (QSHE) in the hydrofluorinated bismuth (Bi2 HF) nanosheet where the hydrogen (H) and fluorine (F) atoms are functionalized on opposite sides of bismuth (Bi) atomic monolayer. Such Bi2 HF nanosheet is found to be a 2D topological insulator with a giant band gap of 0...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Lei Liang, Qihong Chen, Jianming Lu, Wytse Talsma, Juan Shan, Graeme R Blake, Thomas T M Palstra, Jianting Ye
Electrically controllable magnetism, which requires the field-effect manipulation of both charge and spin degrees of freedom, has attracted growing interest since the emergence of spintronics. We report the reversible electrical switching of ferromagnetic (FM) states in platinum (Pt) thin films by introducing paramagnetic ionic liquid (PIL) as the gating media. The paramagnetic ionic gating controls the movement of ions with magnetic moments, which induces itinerant ferromagnetism on the surface of Pt films, with large coercivity and perpendicular anisotropy mimicking the ideal two-dimensional Ising-type FM state...
April 2018: Science Advances
Hiroyasu Nakayama, Takashi Yamamoto, Hongyu An, Kento Tsuda, Yasuaki Einaga, Kazuya Ando
In heterostructures with broken inversion symmetry, the electrons' motion is coupled to their spin through interface-driven spin-orbit coupling: the Rashba effect. The Rashba effect enables the interconversion between spin and charge currents, offering a variety of novel spintronic phenomena and functionalities. However, despite the significant progress in Rashba physics, controlling the spin-charge conversion in metallic heterostructures remains a major challenge. We show that molecular self-assembly provides a way to engineer the Rashba spin-charge converters...
March 2018: Science Advances
Vedat Karakas, Aisha Gokce, Ali Taha Habiboglu, Sevdenur Arpaci, Kaan Ozbozduman, Ibrahim Cinar, Cenk Yanik, Riccardo Tomasello, Silvia Tacchi, Giulio Siracusano, Mario Carpentieri, Giovanni Finocchio, Thomas Hauet, Ozhan Ozatay
Recently discovered exotic magnetic configurations, namely magnetic solitons appearing in the presence of bulk or interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction (i-DMI), have excited scientists to explore their potential applications in emerging spintronic technologies such as race-track magnetic memory, spin logic, radio frequency nano-oscillators and sensors. Such studies are motivated by their foreseeable advantages over conventional micro-magnetic structures due to their small size, topological stability and easy spin-torque driven manipulation with much lower threshold current densities giving way to improved storage capacity, and faster operation with efficient use of energy...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Murugan Rathamony Ajayakumar, Yubin Fu, Ji Ma, Felix Hennersdorf, Hartmut Komber, Jan J Weigand, Alexey Alfonsov, Alexey A Popov, Reinhard Berger, Junzhi Liu, Klaus Müllen, Xinliang Feng
Zigzag-edged nanographene with two rows of fused linear acenes, called as n-peri-acene (n-PA), is considered as potential building unit in the arena of organic electronics. n-PAs with four (peri-tetracene, 4-PA), five (peri-pentacene, 5-PA) or more benzene rings in a row have been predicted to show open-shell character, which would be attractive for the development of unprecedented molecular spintronics. However, solution-based synthesis of open-shell n-PA has thus far not been successful because of the poor chemical stability...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Xing-Kai Hu, Ji-Kai Lyu, Chang-Wen Zhang, Pei-Ji Wang, Wei-Xiao Ji, Ping Li
A large bulk band gap is critical for the application of two-dimensional topological insulators (TIs) in spintronic devices operating at room temperature. On the basis of first-principles calculations, we predict BiXH (X = OH, SH) monolayers as TIs with an extraordinarily large bulk gap of 820 meV for BiOH and 850 meV for BiSH, and propose a tight-binding model considering spin-orbit coupling to describe the electronic properties of BiXH. These large gaps are entirely due to the strong spin-orbit interaction related to the pxy orbitals of the Bi atoms of the honeycomb lattice...
May 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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