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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411961/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-and-respiratory-health-a-descriptive-review-of-the-last-five-years-literature
#1
REVIEW
E Verduci, A Martelli, V L Miniello, M Landi, B Mariani, M Brambilla, L Diaferio, D G Peroni
The aim of this paper is to discuss the current evidence regarding short and long-term health respiratory effects of nutrients and dietary patterns during the first 1000 days from conception. Population of interest included children from birth to two years and their mothers (during pregnancy and lactation). Studies were searched on MEDLINE® and Cochrane database, inserting individually and using the Boolean ANDs and ORs, 'nutrients', 'micronutrients', 'LC-PUFA', 'Mediterranean Diet', 'human milk', 'complementary food', 'pregnancy', 'respiratory disease', 'pulmonary disease', 'asthma', 'epigenetics', 'first 1000 days', 'maternal diet' and 'respiratory health'...
April 12, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404014/incidence-and-enteral-feed-antecedents-of-severe-neonatal-necrotising-enterocolitis-across-neonatal-networks-in-england-2012-13-a-whole-population-surveillance-study
#2
Cheryl Battersby, Nick Longford, Sundhiya Mandalia, Kate Costeloe, Neena Modi
BACKGROUND: Necrotising enterocolitis is a neonatal gastrointestinal inflammatory disease with high mortality and severe morbidity. This disorder is growing in global relevance as birth rates and survival of babies with low gestational age improve. Population data are scant and pathogenesis is incompletely understood, but enteral feed exposures are believed to affect risk. We aimed to quantify the national incidence of severe necrotising enterocolitis, describe variation across neonatal networks, and investigate enteral feeding-related antecedents of severe necrotising enterocolitis...
January 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390715/effects-of-feeding-extruded-linseed-on-production-performance-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-in-dairy-cows-a-meta-analysis
#3
T Meignan, C Lechartier, G Chesneau, N Bareille
The objectives of this study were to quantify the effects on production performance and milk fatty acid (FA) profile of feeding dairy cows extruded linseed (EL), a feed rich in α-linolenic acid, and to assess the variability of the responses related to the dose of EL and the basal diet composition. This meta-analysis was carried out using only data from trials including a control diet without fat supplementation. The dependent variables were defined by the mean differences between values from EL-supplemented groups and values from control groups...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387024/protein-efficiency-in-intensive-dairy-production-a-swedish-example
#4
Christian Swensson, Helena Lindmark-Månsson, Annika Smedman, Maria Henriksson, Anna-Karin Modin Edman
BACKGROUND: Animal agriculture has been criticised in terms of its sustainability from several perspectives. Ruminants, such as dairy cows, can transform inedible, low-quality protein in roughage and by-products from the food industry into the high-quality protein found in milk and meat. Evaluation of the protein conversion efficiency of dairy production from a sustainability and resource perspective must be based on the proportion of the animal feed edible to humans. A relevant metric is thus edible feed protein conversion ratio (eFPCR), i...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386951/neonatal-characteristics-and-perinatal-complications-in-neonates-with-down-syndrome
#5
Zivanit Ergaz-Shaltiel, Offra Engel, Ira Erlichman, Yaron Naveh, Michael S Schimmel, Ariel Tenenbaum
The annual rate of Down syndrome (DS) births in Jerusalem is stable, regardless of prenatal screening, and diagnostic measures. We aimed to evaluate our historical cohort for obstetrical characteristics and the neonatal course and complications. We reviewed computerized medical files of neonates with the diagnosis of DS born in the four main hospitals in Jerusalem between the years 2000 and 2010 and evaluated for maternal history and primary neonatal hospitalization. A total of 403 neonates were diagnosed with DS...
April 6, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380305/integrative-literature-review-of-factors-related-to-breastfeeding-in-african-american-women-evidence-for-a-potential-paradigm-shift
#6
Stephanie DeVane-Johnson, Cheryl Woods-Giscombé, Suzanne Thoyre, Cathie Fogel, Ronald Williams
BACKGROUND: Human milk has widespread health benefits for infants, mothers, and society. However, not all populations of women, particularly African American women, engage in human milk feeding at high rates. Research aim: The purpose of this integrative literature review is twofold: (a) to examine factors that influence low rates of human milk feeding among African American women and (b) to introduce a need for a methodological paradigm shift to develop culturally relevant and effective interventions...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355195/the-relationship-of-human-milk-leptin-and-macronutrients-with-gastric-emptying-in-term-breastfed-infants
#7
Anna M Cannon, Zoya Gridneva, Anna R Hepworth, Ching T Lai, Wan J Tie, Sadaf Khan, Peter E Hartmann, Donna T Geddes
BACKGROUND: Infants breastfed on demand exhibit a variety of feeding patterns and self-regulate their nutrient intake but factors influencing their gastric emptying (GE) are poorly understood. Despite research into appetite regulation properties of leptin, there is limited information about relationships between human milk leptin and infant GE. METHODS: Gastric volumes were calculated from ultrasound scans of infants' stomachs (n=20) taken pre- and post-breastfeed, then each 12...
March 29, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347373/using-stable-isotope-techniques-in-nutrition-assessments-and-tracking-of-global-targets-post-2015
#8
Victor O Owino, Christine Slater, Cornelia U Loechl
Stable isotopes are non-radioactive, safe and are applied for various purposes in human health assessment in trace amounts that minimally disturb normal physiology. The International Atomic Energy Agency supports the use of stable isotope techniques to design and evaluate interventions addressing malnutrition in all its forms with focus on infant and young child feeding; maternal and adolescent nutrition; diet quality; prevention and control of non-communicable diseases; healthy ageing and gut function. These techniques can be used to objectively measure: (1) amount of human milk consumed and whether an infant is exclusively breastfed; (2) body composition in the context of re-feeding programmes for moderate and severe acute malnutrition and as an indicator of the risk for obesity; (3) bioavailability and bioconversion of pro-vitamin A and vitamin A body stores following vitamin A intervention programmes; (4) absorption and retention of iron, zinc and protein; (5) total energy expenditure for validation of physical activity measurement and dietary assessment tools and (6) diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346920/microbial-composition-of-the-initial-colonization-of-newborns
#9
Samuli Rautava
Early-life interaction with indigenous intestinal microbes is a prerequisite for healthy immune and metabolic maturation. Human infants acquire their gut microbiota predominantly from the mother. A considerable inoculum of microbes is received by the neonate during vaginal delivery. Recent observations suggest that human gut colonization may be initiated prenatally by microbes in amniotic fluid, but the significance of this phenomenon remains unknown. After birth, neonatal gut colonization is guided by human milk factors, which selectively promote the growth of specific microbes, as well as by live microbes present in human milk...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337022/model-explanation-of-the-seasonal-variation-of-%C3%AE-18-o-in-cow-bos-taurus-hair-under-temperate-conditions
#10
Guo Chen, Hans Schnyder, Karl Auerswald
Oxygen isotopes (δ(18)O) in animal and human tissues are expected to be good recorders of geographical origin and migration histories. However, seasonal variation of δ(18)O may diminish the origin information in the tissues. Here the seasonality of δ(18)O in tail hair was investigated in a domestic suckler cow (Bos taurus) that underwent different ambient conditions, physiological states, keeping and feeding during five years. A detailed mechanistic model was built to explain this variation. The measured δ(18)O in hair significantly related (p < 0...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335478/lactational-stage-of-pasteurized-human-donor-milk-contributes-to-nutrient-limitations-for-infants
#11
Christina J Valentine, Georgia Morrow, Amanda Reisinger, Kelly A Dingess, Ardythe L Morrow, Lynette K Rogers
BACKGROUND: Mother's own milk is the first choice for feeding preterm infants, but when not available, pasteurized human donor milk (PDM) is often used. Infants fed PDM have difficulties maintaining appropriate growth velocities. To assess the most basic elements of nutrition, we tested the hypotheses that fatty acid and amino acid composition of PDM is highly variable and standard pooling practices attenuate variability; however, total nutrients may be limiting without supplementation due to late lactational stage of the milk...
March 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321211/first-foods-and-gut-microbes
#12
Martin F Laursen, Martin I Bahl, Kim F Michaelsen, Tine R Licht
The establishment of the human gut microbiota in early life has been associated with later health and disease. During the 1st months after birth, the microbial composition in the gut is known to be affected by the mode of delivery, use of antibiotics, geographical location and type of feeding (breast/formula). Consequently, the neonatal period and early infancy has attracted much attention. However, after this first period the gut microbial composition continues to develop until the age of 3 years, and these 1st years have been designated "a window of opportunity" for microbial modulation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319268/developmental-changes-in-feeding-behaviors-of-infant-chimpanzees-at-mahale-tanzania-implications-for-nutritional-independence-long-before-cessation-of-nipple-contact
#13
Takuya Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: Weaning of chimpanzees is considered to occur at 4-5-years-old with complete cessation of nipple contact and timing of reconception calculated by inter-birth interval minus gestation length. This is also the basis of "early weaning" in humans (i.e., approximately 2.5-years-old). However, recent studies of the survival of orphans and the first molar (M1) eruption in wild chimpanzees have predicted that infants move toward nutritional independence at 3-years-old. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate ontogeny of feeding behavior at around 3-years-old in wild infant chimpanzees...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316783/current-and-future-prospects-for-nanotechnology-in-animal-production
#14
REVIEW
Emily K Hill, Julang Li
Nanoparticles have been used as diagnostic and therapeutic agents in the human medical field for quite some time, though their application in veterinary medicine and animal production is still relatively new. Recently, production demands on the livestock industry have been centered around the use of antibiotics as growth promoters due to growing concern over microbial antibiotic resistance. With many countries reporting increased incidences of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, laws and regulations are being updated to end in-feed antibiotic use in the animal production industry...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298634/weaning-age-influences-the-severity-of-gastrointestinal-microbiome-shifts-in-dairy-calves
#15
S J Meale, S C Li, P Azevedo, H Derakhshani, T J DeVries, J C Plaizier, M A Steele, E Khafipour
Ruminants microbial consortium is responsible for ruminal fermentation, a process which converts fibrous feeds unsuitable for human consumption into desirable dairy and meat products, begins to establish soon after birth. However, it undergoes a significant transition when digestion shifts from the lower intestine to ruminal fermentation. We hypothesised that delaying the transition from a high milk diet to an exclusively solid food diet (weaning) would lessen the severity of changes in the gastrointestinal microbiome during this transition...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293923/infant-formulas-containing-hydrolysed-protein-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-allergy
#16
REVIEW
David A Osborn, John Kh Sinn, Lisa J Jones
BACKGROUND: Allergy is common and may be associated with foods, including cow's milk formula (CMF). Formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been used to treat infants with allergy. However, it is unclear whether hydrolysed formulas can be advocated for prevention of allergy in infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects on allergy and food allergy when infants are fed a hydrolysed formula versus CMF or human breast milk. If hydrolysed formulas are effective, to determine what type of hydrolysed formula is most effective, including extensively or partially hydrolysed formula (EHF/PHF)...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268184/feeding-premature-neonates-kinship-and-species-in-translational-neonatology
#17
Mie S Dam, Sandra M Juhl, Per T Sangild, Mette N Svendsen
Kinship, understood as biogenetic proximity, between a chosen animal model and a human patient counterpart, is considered essential to the process of 'translating' research from the experimental animal laboratory to the human clinic. In the Danish research centre, NEOMUNE, premature piglets are fed a novel milk diet (bovine colostrum) to model the effects of this new diet in premature infants. Our ethnographic fieldwork in an experimental pig laboratory and a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in 2013-2014 shows that regardless of biogenetics, daily practices of feeding, housing, and clinical care hold the potential for stimulating and eroding kinship relations between human and nonhuman actors...
April 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258431/lactational-exposure-to-abamectin-induced-mortality-and-adverse-biochemical-and-histopathological-effects-in-suckling-pups
#18
Abdel-Tawab H Mossa, Mona A Abdel Rasoul, Samia M M Mohafrash
Information about the adverse effects of lactation transfer of abamectin (ABA) is important for human health, especially in the third-world countries where breastfeeding is the only source of nutrition for infants. So, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the adverse effects of breastfeeding exposure to ABA on oxidative damage and liver and kidney dysfunction in suckling rats. Dams were orally administered ABA at a doses 22.10, 11.05, and 2.21 mg a.i./kg b.wt from postnatal day 1 (PND1) until day 20 (PND20)...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252573/influence-of-feeding-type-on-gut-microbiome-development-in-hospitalized-preterm-infants
#19
Xiaomei Cong, Michelle Judge, Wanli Xu, Ana Diallo, Susan Janton, Elizabeth A Brownell, Kendra Maas, Joerg Graf
BACKGROUND: Premature infants have a high risk for dysbiosis of the gut microbiome. Mother's own milk (MOM) has been found to favorably alter gut microbiome composition in infants born at term. Evidence about the influence of feeding type on gut microbial colonization of preterm infants is limited. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of feeding types on gut microbial colonization of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Thirty-three stable preterm infants were recruited at birth and followed up for the first 30 days of life...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238222/calcium-and-phosphorus-supplementation-of-human-milk-for-preterm-infants
#20
REVIEW
Jane E Harding, Jess Wilson, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are born with low skeletal stores of calcium and phosphorus. Preterm human milk provides insufficient calcium and phosphorus to meet the estimated needs of preterm infants for adequate growth. Supplementation of human milk with calcium and phosphorus may improve growth and development of preterm infants. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether addition of calcium and phosphorus supplements to human milk leads to improved growth and bone metabolism of preterm infants without significant adverse effects...
February 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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