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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451716/improving-growth-for-infants-%C3%A2-1250-grams-receiving-an-exclusive-human-milk-diet
#1
Robert K Huston, Andrea M Markell, Elizabeth A McCulley, Stuart K Gardiner, Sean L Sweeney
BACKGROUND: An exclusive human milk diet (EHM) fortified with human milk-based fortifier decreases necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) compared to maternal milk supplemented with preterm formula and bovine fortifier (PTF). Growth has been less with EHM and also maternal milk supplemented with donor human milk and bovine fortifier (HMBF). The objective was to evaluate the effect of a standardized feeding protocol on the growth of infants ≤1250 g birth weight supported with EHM and HMBF. The effect on the incidence of NEC was also evaluated...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429456/-role-of-donor-human-milk-feeding-in-preventing-nosocomial-infection-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#2
Hong-Juan Bi, Jing Xu, Qiu-Fen Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of donor human milk in the prevention of nosocomial infection in very low birth weight infants. MeETHODS: A total of 105 hospitalized preterm infants with a very low birth weight were enrolled. They were classified into mother's own milk feeding group, donor human milk feeding group, and preterm formula feeding group, with 35 infants in each group. The three groups were compared in terms of incidence rates of nosocomial infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and feeding intolerance, time to full enteral feeding, and early growth indices...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422156/expert-consensus-to-weight-an-adherence-score-for-audit-and-feedback-of-practices-that-prevent-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#3
Sheila M Gephart, Christina Wyles, Jennifer Canvasser
OBJECTIVE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a catastrophic abdominal complication threatening the life of premature infants, but adoption of prevention and early recognition practices differs as do NEC rates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). The purpose of this research was to validate and weight an evidence-based adherence score (aka NEC-Zero Adherence Score) to prevent and foster timely recognition of NEC. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic Delphi (e-Delphi) approach was used to identify consensus...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413493/supplementation-of-suckling-rats-with-cow-s-milk-induces-hyperphagia-and-higher-visceral-adiposity-in-females-at-adulthood-but-not-in-males
#4
Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Egberto Gaspar Moura, Dayse Nascimento Bernardino, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Patricia Novaes Soares, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Nayara Peixoto-Silva, Elaine Oliveira, Patricia Cristina Lisboa
In humans, complementary feeding should be started after 6 months-old; the introduction of any food or water before this time is considered early weaning, which is associated with health problems in adulthood. Cow's milk is a common food introduced to children less than 6 months that has inadequate nutritional composition mainly due to a worse casein: whey protein ratio compared to human milk. We hypothesized that suckling rats fed with cow's milk, rich in bioactive peptides, develop further metabolic dysfunctions...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412475/review-concludes-that-specific-recommendations-and-stringent-conditions-are-needed-to-harmonise-the-provision-of-fresh-mother-s-milk-to-their-preterm-infants
#5
REVIEW
J C Picaud, R Buffin, G Gremmo-Feger, J Rigo, G Putet, C Casper
AIM: There are no specific recommendations for using a mother's fresh milk for her preterm infant. We reviewed the available evidence on its collection, storage and administration. METHODS: The working group of the French Neonatal Society on fresh human milk use in preterm infants searched the MEDLINE database and Cochrane Library up to June 2017 for papers published in English or French. They specifically analysed 282 papers providing information on prospective, retrospective and clinical studies and examined guidelines from various countries...
February 7, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411721/effect-of-a-galactagogue-herbal-tea-on-breast-milk-production-and-prolactin-secretion-by-mothers-of-preterm-babies
#6
E Özalkaya, Z Aslandoğdu, A Özkoral, S Topcuoğlu, G Karatekin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Poor breast milk production is the most frequent cause of breastfeeding failure in preterm babies. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of herbal tea mixture containing stinging nettle (Natal, Hipp) on breast milk production and serum prolactin levels of mothers, and weight gain of preterm babies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled mothers and their babies who were less than 37 gestational week and less than 2000 g, fed with orogastric tube without any contraindication of enteral feeding in neonatal intensive care unit between November 2010 and June 2011...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411149/pharmacological-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#7
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral problem found in 2-5% of adults. Stimulants and drugs that affect the dopaminergic, noradrenergic and/or serotonergic systems are effective treatment and are increasingly prescribed to women at child bearing age. It is consequently important that reliable information on the safety of these drugs in pregnancy is available so that appropriate therapeutic choices can be made. RESULTS: The data on stimulants (methylphenidate and amphetamines) are generally showing that there is no increase in the rate of major congenital anomalies...
February 6, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399656/severe-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-in-crigler-najjar-syndrome-model-mice-can-be-reversed-with-zinc-protoporphyrin
#8
Ryoichi Fujiwara, Ryo Mitsugi, Asuka Uemura, Tomoo Itoh, Robert H Tukey
Neurotoxic bilirubin is solely conjugated by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1. Due to an inadequate function of UGT1A1, human neonates develop mild to severe physiological hyperbilirubinemia. Accumulation of bilirubin in the brain leads to the onset of irreversible brain damage called kernicterus. Breastfeeding is one of the most significant factors that increase the risk of developing kernicterus in infants. Why does the most natural way of feeding increase the risk of brain damage or even death? This question leads to the hypothesis that breast milk-induced neonatal hyperbilirubinemia might bring certain benefits to the body...
October 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396929/is-less-noise-light-and-parental-caregiver-stress-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-better-for-neonates
#9
Rohini Venkataraman, Majeeda Kamaluddeen, Harish Amin, Abhay Lodha
In utero sensory stimuli and interaction with the environment strongly influence early phases of fetal and infant development. Extremely premature infants are subjected to noxious procedures and routine monitoring, in addition to exposure to excessive light and noise, which disturb the natural sleep cycle and induce stress. Non-invasive ventilation, measures to prevent sepsis, and human milk feeding improve short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in premature infants. To preserve brain function, and to improve quality of life and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes, the focus now is on the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment and its impact on the infant during hospital stay...
January 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393877/molecularly-imprinted-polymers-as-extracting-media-for-the-chromatographic-determination-of-antibiotics-in-milk
#10
REVIEW
Dimitrios Bitas, Victoria Samanidou
Milk-producing animals are typically kept stationary in overcrowded large-scale farms and in most cases under unsanitary conditions, which promotes the development of infections. In order to maintain sufficient health status among the herd or promote growth and increase production, farmers administer preventative antibiotic doses to the animals through their feed. However, many antibiotics used in cattle farms are intended for the treatment of bacterial infections in humans. This results in the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria which pose a great risk for public health...
February 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385274/the-preterm-infant-stomach-actively-degrades-milk-proteins-with-increasing-breakdown-across-digestion-time
#11
Veronique Demers-Mathieu, Yunyao Qu, Mark A Underwood, David C Dallas
AIM: This study investigated the effect of time post-ingestion on gastric digestion and gastric hormones after feeding preterm infants unfortified and fortified human milk. METHODS: Human milk and infant gastric samples were collected from 14 preterm (23-32 wk birth gestational age) mother-infant pairs within 7-98 days postnatal age. Gastric samples were collected 1, 2 and 3 h after beginning of feeding. Samples were analyzed for pH, proteolysis, general protease activity and the concentrations of pepsin, gastrin and gastrin-releasing peptide...
January 31, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385065/breast-milk-lipidome-is-associated-with-early-growth-trajectory-in-preterm-infants
#12
Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Thomas Moyon, Véronique Cariou, Jean-Philippe Antignac, El Mostafa Qannari, Mikaël Croyal, Mohamed Soumah, Yann Guitton, Agnès David-Sochard, Hélène Billard, Arnaud Legrand, Cécile Boscher, Dominique Darmaun, Jean-Christophe Rozé, Clair-Yves Boquien
Human milk is recommended for feeding preterm infants. The current pilot study aims to determine whether breast-milk lipidome had any impact on the early growth-pattern of preterm infants fed their own mother's milk. A prospective-monocentric-observational birth-cohort was established, enrolling 138 preterm infants, who received their own mother's breast-milk throughout hospital stay. All infants were ranked according to the change in weight Z-score between birth and hospital discharge. Then, we selected infants who experienced "slower" (n = 15, -1...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373347/what-is-the-evidence-for-use-of-a-supplemental-feeding-tube-device-as-an-alternative-supplemental-feeding-method-for-breastfed-infants
#13
Frances Penny, Michelle Judge, Elizabeth Brownell, Jacqueline M McGrath
BACKGROUND: According to the Healthy People 2020 goals, the sustainability of breastfeeding duration rates within the United States has not been achieved. To increase these rates, it is important that women with breastfeeding difficulties receive the support needed to continue breastfeeding. When supplementation occurs, it is essential that the breastfeeding relationship be preserved. Various methods of supplementation are often recommended including use of the supplemental feeding tube device (SFTD)...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350662/high-protein-intake-in-human-maternal-milk-fortification-for-%C3%A2-1250-gr-infants-intrahospital-growth-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-two-years
#14
Augusto Biasini, Fiorella Monti, Maria Chiara Laguardia, Marcello Stella, Lucia Marvulli, Erica Neri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Extrauterine growth restriction and failure to thrive remain a major problem in Extremely Low Birth Weight infants. Nutritional support in preterm babies has the objective to improve the achieve rate of growth similar to those of the fetus in utero at the equivalent gestational age. The aim of the study was to evaluate feeding tolerance, intrahospital growth, neurological outcome and anthropometric data until 24 months of corrected age (mca) from different protein intake assumed by preterm babies <1250 g during their stay in NICU...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340904/turkish-women-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-wet-nursing-milk-sharing-and-human-milk-banking
#15
Ahmet Ergin, S Utku Uzun
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine Turkish women's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors on wet-nursing, milk sharing, and human milk banking in a primary care setting located in a semi-rural area. Description Donated human milk is a feasible option for feeding infants and children. Currently, there is a debate on the topic starts with the preparations to launch a human milk bank in a large city in Turkey. Several previous papers reported women's opinions in large hospital based studies. Little is known about women's views and practice on donated human milk in the rural areas of Turkey...
January 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337699/associations-between-nurse-guided-variables-and-plasma-oxytocin-trajectories-in-premature-infants-during-initial-hospitalization
#16
Ashley Weber, Tondi M Harrison, Loraine Sinnott, Abigail Shoben, Deborah Steward
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OT) is a social hormone that may help researchers understand how nurse-guided interventions during initial infant hospitalization, such as supporting human milk expression, promoting comforting touch, and reducing exposure to stressors, affect preterm brain development. PURPOSE: To determine whether factors related to human milk, touch, or stressor exposure are related to plasma OT trajectories in premature infants. METHODS: Plasma from 33 premature infants, born gestational ages 25 to 28 6/7 weeks, was collected at 14 days of life and then weekly until 34 weeks' corrected gestational age (CGA)...
January 15, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319525/physiological-effects-of-whey-and-milk-based-probiotic-yogurt-in-rats
#17
Judit Szabó-Fodor, András Bónai, Brigitta Bóta, Linda Szommerné Egyed, Ferenc Lakatos, Gréta Pápai, Attila Zsolnai, Róbert Glávits, Katalin Horvatovich, Melinda Kovács
In an in vitro experiment commercially available probiotic products were tested for the survival of bacteria under conditions of simulated human digestion either when used alone or mixed into yogurt. In the in vivo experiment the effects of feeding a whey- and milk-based yogurt prepared with the probiotic strain showing adequate survival in the in vitro experiment, was measured on body weight, feed con¬sumption and immune response of rats (IgG and IgA level after immunisation), on the composition and volatile fatty acid production of the intestinal microbiota and on the structure of intestinal villi...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316931/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-novel-human-milk-fortifier-from-donkey-milk-in-feeding-preterm-infants-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Paola Tonetto, Chiara Peila, Francesco Cresi, Sertac Arslanoglu, Guido E Moro, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Marzia Giribaldi, Sara Antoniazzi, Amedeo Conti, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: Fortification of human milk is a standard practice for feeding very low birth weight infants. However, preterm infants often still experience suboptimal growth and feeding intolerance. New fortification strategies and different commercially available fortifiers have been developed. Commercially available fortifiers are constituted by a blend of ingredients from different sources, including plant oils and bovine milk proteins, thus presenting remarkable differences in the quality of macronutrients with respect to human milk...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300195/expressing-human-milk-in-the-nicu-coping-mechanisms-and-challenges-shape-the-complex-experience-of-closeness-and-separation
#19
Maude Bujold, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin, Claudia Cinquino
BACKGROUND: Human milk has multiple benefits for human health; however, rates of infants receiving human milk at discharge in Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are far below recommendations of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative supported by the Canadian Pediatric Association. Mothers of infants requiring NICU care usually need to express their milk, especially mothers of premature infants, since for some time their infant is unable to feed directly at the breast. Expressing human milk for an extended period can be challenging for mothers...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298968/nutrition-during-breastfeeding-impact-on-human-milk-composition
#20
REVIEW
Agnieszka Bzikowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Aleksandra Wesołowska, Halina Weker
Breastfeeding or breast milk feeding is a gold standard of feeding of newborns and infants. According to the guidelines of the World Health Organisation exclusive feeding with breast milk should be applied until the end of 6 months of age and should be continued during subsequent months with simultaneous introduction of supplementary food. Composition of breast milk varies and the composition of individual nutrients is affected by, among others, the diet of a breastfeeding mother. The paper aimed to present a literature review in order to assess a correlation between the mother's diet and breast milk composition...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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