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gut microbioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137880/microbioma-and-probiotics-from-gut-to-mars
#1
EDITORIAL
Bruno Acatauassú Paes Barreto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055387/the-colon-revisited-or-the-key-to-wellness-health-and-disease
#2
C A Gonzalez-Correa, E Mulett-Vásquez, D A Miranda, C H Gonzalez-Correa, P A Gómez-Buitrago
The hypothesis being advanced in this paper is that there is a new medical paradigm emerging from the biomedical research carried out in this century, mainly due to the explosion of the so called "omics" and associated techniques. The main idea is that there is a common pathway from wellbeing and health to chronic disease ("chronopathy") and even to death, which comprises following steps: 1) unhealthy diet, sedentary life style and permanent exposition to xenobiotics and all kinds of noxious stimuli;→2) intestinal dysbiosis;→3) alteration of the intestinal mucus layer (especially that of the colon);→4) disruption of the endothelial tight junctions;→5) metabolic endotoxemia+bacterial translocation;→6) inflammation;→7) exacerbation of the enteric nervous system (ENS) and consequent maladaptation and malfunctioning of the colon;→8) epigenetic manifestations;→9) "chronopathy" and premature death...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795339/impact-of-nasopharyngeal-microbiota-on-the-development-of-respiratory-tract-diseases
#3
REVIEW
S Esposito, N Principi
Knowledge of whether and how respiratory microbiota composition can prime the immune system and provide colonisation resistance, limiting consecutive pathobiont overgrowth and infections, is essential to improving the prevention and therapy of respiratory disorders. Modulation of dysbiotic ecosystems or reconstitution of missing microbes might be a possible measure to reduce respiratory diseases. The aim of this review is to analyse the role of nasopharyngeal microbiota in the development of respiratory tract disease in paediatric-age subjects...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315049/antihypertensive-effects-of-probiotics
#4
REVIEW
Iñaki Robles-Vera, Marta Toral, Miguel Romero, Rosario Jiménez, Manuel Sánchez, Francisco Pérez-Vizcaíno, Juan Duarte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review focuses in the hypertension-associated changes in the microbiota and the current insights regarding the impact of probiotics on blood pressure in animal models and in human hypertensive patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Gut dysbiosis in hypertension is characterized by (i) the gut microbioma that is less diverse and less rich with an increased Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio and (ii) a decrease in acetate- and butyrate-producing bacteria and an increase in lactate-producing bacterial populations...
April 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26523202/epigenetic-mechanisms-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-an-emerging-field
#5
Rocío Gallego-Durán, Manuel Romero-Gómez
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging health concern in both developed and non-developed world, encompassing from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and liver cancer. Incidence and prevalence of this disease are increasing due to the socioeconomic transition and change to harmful diet. Currently, gold standard method in NAFLD diagnosis is liver biopsy, despite complications and lack of accuracy due to sampling error. Further, pathogenesis of NAFLD is not fully understood, but is well-known that obesity, diabetes and metabolic derangements played a major role in disease development and progression...
October 28, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24999296/gut-microbioma-population-an-indicator-really-sensible-to-any-change-in-age-diet-metabolic-syndrome-and-life-style
#6
REVIEW
Noce Annalisa, Tarantino Alessio, Tsague Djoutsop Claudette, Vasili Erald, De Lorenzo Antonino, Di Daniele Nicola
Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it has been also hypothesized that gut microbiota could have an impact on the complex mechanism underlying the weight gain. This review aims to illustrate the actual literature about gut microbiota and its relation with obesity and to analyze the possible implications of factors such as diet and life-style onto the composition of gut microbiota, that can lead to overweight/obesity condition...
2014: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24824912/-the-intestinal-microbioma-more-than-just-bacteria-in-the-gut-a-new-mechanism-in-the-pathogenesis-of-nash
#7
COMMENT
G Sellge, K L Streetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2014: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24467635/interactions-between-prebiotics-probiotics-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-polyphenols-diet-or-supplementation-for-metabolic-syndrome-prevention
#8
Ilaria Peluso, Luca Romanelli, Maura Palmery
The metabolic syndrome can be prevented by the Mediterranean diet, characterized by fiber, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and polyphenols. However, the composition of the Mediterranean diet, which can be viewed as a natural multiple supplement, is poorly controlled, and its beneficial effects poorly predictable. The metabolic syndrome is associated with intestinal dysbiosis and the gut microbioma seems to be the main target and player in the interactions occurring between probiotics, prebiotics, omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and polyphenols...
May 2014: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24059550/microorganisms-in-human-milk-lights-and-shadows
#9
REVIEW
Elisa Civardi, Francesca Garofoli, Chryssoula Tzialla, Piermichele Paolillo, Lina Bollani, Mauro Stronati
Human milk has been traditionally considered germ free, however, recent studies have shown that it represents a continuous supply of commensal and potentially probiotic bacteria to the infant gut. Mammary microbioma may exercise anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and metabolic properties. Moreover human milk may be a source of pathogenic microorganism during maternal infection, if contaminated during expression or in case of vaccination of the mother. The non-sterility of breast milk can, thus, be seen as a protective factor, or rarely, as a risk factor for the newborn...
October 2013: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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