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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933379/the-role-of-receptor-like-protein-kinases-rlks-in-abiotic-stress-response-in-plants
#1
REVIEW
Yaoyao Ye, Yanfei Ding, Qiong Jiang, Feijuan Wang, Junwei Sun, Cheng Zhu
We review and introduce recent studies on RLK s involved in the abiotic stress response and provide insights into potential regulatory mechanisms for alleviating abiotic stress. Abiotic stresses are important factors affecting plant growth and development, resulting in crop production reduction and even plant death. To survive, plants utilize different mechanisms to respond and adapt to continuously changing environmental factors. Understanding of the molecular mechanisms of plant response to various stresses will aid in improving tolerance of plants to abiotic stress through genetic engineering, which would greatly promote the development of modern agriculture...
December 8, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933047/diazotroph-diversity-in-the-sea-ice-melt-ponds-and-surface-waters-of-the-eurasian-basin-of-the-central-arctic-ocean
#2
Mar Fernández-Méndez, Kendra A Turk-Kubo, Pier L Buttigieg, Josephine Z Rapp, Thomas Krumpen, Jonathan P Zehr, Antje Boetius
The Eurasian basin of the Central Arctic Ocean is nitrogen limited, but little is known about the presence and role of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Recent studies have indicated the occurrence of diazotrophs in Arctic coastal waters potentially of riverine origin. Here, we investigated the presence of diazotrophs in ice and surface waters of the Central Arctic Ocean in the summer of 2012. We identified diverse communities of putative diazotrophs through targeted analysis of the nifH gene, which encodes the iron protein of the nitrogenase enzyme...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927623/metabolic-and-functional-characterization-of-effects-of-developmental-temperature-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#3
Mads F Schou, Torsten Nygaard Kristensen, Anders Pedersen, Goran B Karlsson, Volker Loeschcke, Anders Malmendal
The ability of ectotherms to respond to changes in their thermal environment through plastic mechanisms is central to their adaptive capability. However, we still lack knowledge on physiological and functional responses by which ectotherms acclimate to temperatures during development, and in particular, how physiological stress at extreme temperatures may counteract beneficial acclimation responses at benign temperatures. We exposed Drosophila melanogaster to ten developmental temperatures covering their entire permissible temperature range...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919023/does-pain-sensitivity-change-by-migraine-phase-a-blinded-longitudinal-study
#4
Martin Uglem, Petter Moe Omland, Kristian Bernhard Nilsen, Erling Tronvik, Lars Jacob Stovner, Knut Hagen, Mattias Linde, Trond Sand
OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest that pain thresholds may be altered before and during migraine headaches, but it is still debated if a central or peripheral dysfunction is responsible for the onset of pain in migraine. The present blinded longitudinal study explores alterations in thermal pain thresholds and suprathreshold heat pain scores before, during, and after headache. METHODS: We measured pain thresholds to cold and heat, and pain scores to 30 seconds of suprathreshold heat four times in 49 migraineurs and once in 31 controls...
November 15, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916810/is-the-geographic-range-of-mangrove-forests-in-the-conterminous-united-states-really-expanding
#5
Chandra Giri, Jordan Long
Changes in the distribution and abundance of mangrove species within and outside of their historic geographic range can have profound consequences in the provision of ecosystem goods and services they provide. Mangroves in the conterminous United States (CONUS) are believed to be expanding poleward (north) due to decreases in the frequency and severity of extreme cold events, while sea level rise is a factor often implicated in the landward expansion of mangroves locally. We used ~35 years of satellite imagery and in situ observations for CONUS and report that: (i) poleward expansion of mangrove forest is inconclusive, and may have stalled for now, and (ii) landward expansion is actively occurring within the historical northernmost limit...
November 28, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915412/formation-of-indigoidine-derived-pigments-contributes-to-the-adaptation-of-vogesella-sp-strain-eb-to-cold-aquatic-iron-oxidizing-environments
#6
Paula Arrúa Day, María S Villalba, O Marisa Herrero, Luz Alejandra Arancibia, Héctor M Alvarez
We investigated previously under explored cold aquatic environments of Andean Patagonia, Argentina. Oily sheens similar to an oil spill are frequently observed at the surface of water in creeks and small ponds in these places. Chemical analysis of a water sample revealed the occurrence of high concentrations of iron and the presence of a free insoluble indigoidine-derived pigment. A blue pigment-producing bacterium (strain EB) was isolated from the water sample and identified as Vogesella sp. by molecular analysis...
December 3, 2016: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903433/cold-acclimation-allows-drosophila-flies-to-maintain-mitochondrial-functioning-under-cold-stress
#7
Hervé Colinet, David Renault, Damien Roussel
Environmental stress generally disturbs cellular homeostasis. Researchers have hypothesized that chilling injury is linked to a shortage of ATP. However, previous studies conducted on insects exposed to nonfreezing low temperatures presented conflicting results. In this study, we investigated the mitochondrial bioenergetics of Drosophila melanogaster flies exposed to chronic cold stress (4 °C). We assessed mitochondrial oxygen consumption while monitoring the rate of ATP synthesis at various times (0, 1, 2, and 3 days) during prolonged cold stress and at two assay temperatures (25 and 4 °C)...
November 27, 2016: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900683/constructing-and-screening-a-metagenomic-library-of-a-cold-and-alkaline-extreme-environment
#8
Mikkel A Glaring, Jan K Vester, Peter Stougaard
Natural cold or alkaline environments are common on Earth. A rare combination of these two extremes is found in the permanently cold (less than 6 °C) and alkaline (pH above 10) ikaite columns in the Ikka Fjord in Southern Greenland. Bioprospecting efforts have established the ikaite columns as a source of bacteria and enzymes adapted to these conditions. They have also highlighted the limitations of cultivation-based methods in this extreme environment and metagenomic approaches may provide access to novel extremophilic enzymes from the uncultured majority of bacteria...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895636/genomic-and-transcriptomic-evidence-for-carbohydrate-consumption-among-microorganisms-in-a-cold-seep-brine-pool
#9
Weipeng Zhang, Wei Ding, Bo Yang, Renmao Tian, Shuo Gu, Haiwei Luo, Pei-Yuan Qian
The detailed lifestyle of microorganisms in deep-sea brine environments remains largely unexplored. Using a carefully calibrated genome binning approach, we reconstructed partial to nearly-complete genomes of 51 microorganisms in biofilms from the Thuwal cold seep brine pool of the Red Sea. The recovered metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) belong to six different phyla: Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Candidatus Cloacimonetes, Candidatus Marinimicrobia, Bathyarchaeota, and Thaumarchaeota. By comparison with close relatives of these microorganisms, we identified a number of unique genes associated with organic carbon metabolism and energy generation...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881899/the-comparatively-proteomic-analysis-in-response-to-cold-stress-in-cassava-plantlets
#10
Feifei An, Genghu Li, Qing X Li, Kaimian Li, Luiz J C B Carvalho, Wenjun Ou, Songbi Chen
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a tropical root crop and sensitive to low temperature. However, it is poorly to know how cassava can modify its metabolism and growth to adapt to cold stress. An investigation aimed at a better understanding of cold-tolerant mechanism of cassava plantlets was carried out with the approaches of physiology and proteomics in the present study. The principal component analysis of seven physiological characteristics showed that electrolyte leakage (EL), chlorophyll content, and malondialdehyde (MDA) may be the most important physiological indexes for determining cold-resistant abilities of cassava...
2016: Plant Molecular Biology Reporter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876792/mtorc1-is-required-for-brown-adipose-tissue-recruitment-and-metabolic-adaptation-to-cold
#11
Sébastien M Labbé, Mathilde Mouchiroud, Alexandre Caron, Blandine Secco, Elizaveta Freinkman, Guillaume Lamoureux, Yves Gélinas, Roger Lecomte, Yohan Bossé, Patricia Chimin, William T Festuccia, Denis Richard, Mathieu Laplante
In response to cold, brown adipose tissue (BAT) increases its metabolic rate and expands its mass to produce heat required for survival, a process known as BAT recruitment. The mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) controls metabolism, cell growth and proliferation, but its role in regulating BAT recruitment in response to chronic cold stimulation is unknown. Here, we show that cold activates mTORC1 in BAT, an effect that depends on the sympathetic nervous system. Adipocyte-specific mTORC1 loss in mice completely blocks cold-induced BAT expansion and severely impairs mitochondrial biogenesis...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872216/the-effect-of-temperature-adaptation-on-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathway-in-notothenioid-fishes
#12
Anne E Todgham, Timothy A Crombie, Gretchen E Hofmann
There is an accumulating body of evidence suggesting that the sub-zero Antarctic marine environment places physiological constraints on protein homeostasis. Levels of ubiquitin (Ub)-conjugated proteins, 20S proteasome activity and mRNA expression of many proteins involved in both the ubiquitin (Ub) tagging of damaged proteins as well as the different complexes of the 26S proteasome were measured to examine whether there is thermal compensation of the Ub-proteasome pathway in Antarctic fishes to better understand the efficiency of the protein degradation machinery in polar species...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872009/molecular-details-on-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata-sensitivity-to-low-water-temperatures-from-1-h-nmr-metabolomics
#13
Riccardo Melis, Roberta Sanna, Angela Braca, Elia Bonaglini, Roberto Cappuccinelli, Hanno Slawski, Tonina Roggio, Sergio Uzzau, Roberto Anedda
Biometric and metabolic responses of gilthead sea bream to cold challenge are described following a growth trial divided into three water temperature steps, namely cooling, cold maintenance and recovery. Experimental data provide a useful description of fish response to thermal stress at both zootechnical and molecular level. Although no mortality has been observed, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-based metabolomics confirms the marked sensitivity of this fish species to low water temperature, and explains some key molecular events associated to fish response to cold...
November 19, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869696/pilot-scale-production-and-thermostability-improvement-of-the-m23-protease-pseudoalterin-from-the-deep-sea-bacterium-pseudoalteromonas-sp-cf6-2
#14
Jie Yang, Yang Yu, Bai-Lu Tang, Shuai Zhong, Mei Shi, Bin-Bin Xie, Xi-Ying Zhang, Bai-Cheng Zhou, Yu-Zhong Zhang, Xiu-Lan Chen
Pseudoalterin is the most abundant protease secreted by the marine sedimental bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. CF6-2 and is a novel cold-adapted metalloprotease of the M23 family. Proteases of the M23 family have high activity towards peptidoglycan and elastin, suggesting their promising biomedical and biotechnological potentials. To lower the fermentive cost and improve the pseudoalterin production of CF6-2, we optimized the fermentation medium by using single factor experiments, added 0.5% sucrose as a carbon source, and lowered the usage of artery powder from 1...
November 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868314/experimental-whole-stream-warming-alters-community-size-structure
#15
Daniel Nelson, Jonathan P Benstead, Alexander D Huryn, Wyatt F Cross, James M Hood, Philip W Johnson, James R Junker, Gísli M Gíslason, Jón S Ólafsson
How ecological communities respond to predicted increases in temperature will determine the extent to which Earth's biodiversity and ecosystem functioning can be maintained into a warmer future. Warming is predicted to alter the structure of natural communities, but robust tests of such predictions require appropriate large-scale manipulations of intact, natural habitat that is open to dispersal processes via exchange with regional species pools. Here we report results of a two-year whole-stream warming experiment that shifted invertebrate assemblage structure via unanticipated mechanisms, while still conforming to community-level metabolic theory...
November 21, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866230/differential-expression-and-emerging-functions-of-non-coding-rnas-in-cold-adaptation
#16
REVIEW
Jacques J Frigault, Mathieu D Morin, Pier Jr Morin
Several species undergo substantial physiological and biochemical changes to confront the harsh conditions associated with winter. Small mammalian hibernators and cold-hardy insects are examples of natural models of cold adaptation that have been amply explored. While the molecular picture associated with cold adaptation has started to become clearer in recent years, notably through the use of high-throughput experimental approaches, the underlying cold-associated functions attributed to several non-coding RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), remain to be better characterized...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865528/integrating-new-indicators-of-predictors-that-shape-the-public-s-perception-of-local-extreme-temperature-in-china
#17
Jie Ban, Lei Huang, Chen Chen, Yuming Guo, Mike Z He, Tiantian Li
The public's risk perception of local extreme heat or cold plays a critical role in community health and prevention under climate change. However, there is limited evidence on such issues in China where extreme weather is occurring more frequently due to climate change. Here, a total of 2500 residents were selected using a three-step sampling method and investigated by a questionnaire in two representative cities. We investigated risk perception of extreme heat in Beijing and extreme cold in Harbin in 2013, aiming to examine their possible correlations with multiple epidemiological factors...
November 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860831/the-integrative-physiology-of-insect-chill-tolerance
#18
Johannes Overgaard, Heath A MacMillan
Cold tolerance is important in defining the distribution of insects. Here, we review the principal physiological mechanisms underlying homeostatic failure during cold exposure in this diverse group of ectotherms. Chillsusceptible insects are characterized by an initial loss of neuromuscular function (chill coma) that is caused by decreased membrane potential and reduced excitability of the neuromuscular system. Chronic or severe chilling causes a disruption of ion and water homeostasis across membranes and epithelia that exacerbate the initial effects of chilling on membrane potential and cellular function, and these perturbations are tightly associated with the development of chill injury and mortality...
November 16, 2016: Annual Review of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860412/cryo-protective-effect-of-an-ice-binding-protein-derived-from-antarctic-bacteria
#19
Marco Mangiagalli, Maya Bar-Dolev, Pietro Tedesco, Antonino Natalello, Aleksei Kaleda, Stefania Brocca, Donatella de Pascale, Sandra Pucciarelli, Cristina Miceli, Ido Bravslavsky, Marina Lotti
Cold environments are populated by organisms able to contravene deleterious effects of low temperature by diverse adaptive strategies, including the production of ice binding proteins (IBPs) that inhibit the growth of ice crystals inside and outside cells. We describe the properties of such a protein (EfcIBP) identified in the metagenome of an Antarctic biological consortium composed by the ciliate Euplotes focardii and psychrophilic non-cultured bacteria. Recombinant EfcIBP can resist freezing without any conformational damage and is moderately heat stable, with a Tm of 66...
November 17, 2016: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857167/significant-phylogenetic-signal-and-climate-related-trends-in-leaf-caloric-value-from-tropical-to-cold-temperate-forests
#20
Guangyan Song, Ying Li, Jiahui Zhang, Meiling Li, Jihua Hou, Nianpeng He
Leaf caloric value (LCV) is a useful index to represent the conversion efficiency of leaves for solar energy. We investigated the spatial pattern of LCV and explored the factors (phylogeny, climate, and soil) that influence them at a large scale by determining LCV standardized by leaf area in 920 plant species from nine forest communities along the 3700 km North-South Transect of Eastern China. LCV ranged from 0.024 to 1.056 kJ cm(-2) with an average of 0.151 kJ cm(-2). LCV declined linearly with increasing latitude along the transect...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
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