keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

il 8

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151077/weight-loss-dependent-and-independent-effects-of-moderate-calorie-restriction-on-endothelial-cell-markers-in-obesity
#1
K Korybalska, J Luczak, E Swora-Cwynar, A Kanikowska, N Czepulis, D Kanikowska, H Skalisz, A Breborowicz, M Grzymislawski, J Witowski
Endothelial cell dysfunction in obesity can be reduced by calorie restriction (CR), however it is unclear whether this benefit requires a concomitant weight loss or is it simply related to the reduced calorie intake per se. In our study serum was drawn from 41 obese women who were undergoing an 8-week dietary intervention with 15 - 30% energy deficit, and from 48 age- and sex-matched controls of normal weight. Serum was analysed for biomarkers of endothelial cell function, oxidative stress and inflammation...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150986/memory-t-cells-are-significantly-increased-in-rejecting-liver-allografts-of-rhesus-monkeys
#2
Hwajung Kim, Hyeyoung Kim, Sun-Kyung Lee, Xue-Li Jin, Tae Jin Kim, Chanho Park, Jae-Il Lee, Hyo-Sin Kim, Suk Kyun Hong, Kyung Chul Yoon, Sung Woo Ahn, Kyoung-Bun Lee, Nam-Joon Yi, Jaeseok Yang, Kwang-Woong Lee, Wayne J Hawthorne, Kyung-Suk Suh
INTRODUCTION: The Rhesus monkey (RM) is an excellent preclinical model in kidney, heart and islet transplantation that has provided the basis for new immunosuppressive protocols for clinical studies. However, there remain relatively few liver transplantation (LT) models in nonhuman primates. In this study, we analyzed the immune cell populations of PBMCs and secondary lymphoid organs along with livers of normal rhesus monkeys and compared them to those of rejecting liver transplanted recipient's following withdrawal of immunosuppression...
November 18, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150732/dimethylarginine-dimethylaminohydrolase-1-ddah1-is-frequently-upregulated-in-prostate-cancer-and-its-overexpression-conveys-tumor-growth-and-angiogenesis-by-metabolizing-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-adma
#3
Karthik Reddy Kami Reddy, Chandrashekhar Dasari, Divya Duscharla, Bhukya Supriya, N Sai Ram, M V Surekha, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Ramesh Ummanni
Tissue microarray analysis confirmed higher dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 (DDAH1) expression in prostate cancer (PCa) compared to benign and normal prostate tissues. DDAH1 regulates nitric oxide (NO) production by degrading endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). This study examined whether DDAH1 has any physiological role in PCa progression. Using overexpression of DDAH1 in PCa (PC3 and LNCaP) cell lines, we found that DDAH1 promotes cell proliferation, migration and invasion by lowering ADMA levels, as well as increasing NO production...
November 17, 2017: Angiogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147700/brown-rice-and-retrograded-brown-rice-alleviate-inflammatory-response-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-dss-induced-colitis-mice
#4
Kemika Praengam, Yuraporn Sahasakul, Piengchai Kupradinun, Siriwan Sakarin, Wanwisa Sanitchua, Anudep Rungsipipat, Kasem Rattanapinyopituk, Pornpimon Angkasekwinai, Khaimuk Changsri, Wuttichai Mhuantong, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Siriporn Tuntipopipat
The present study was aimed to investigate the impacts of brown rice (BR) and retrograded brown rice (R-BR) consumption on colonic health and gut microbiota in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced colitis mice. Thirty two female C57Bl/6Mlac mice were fed with modified AIN 93G diets by replacing cornstarch in the original composition with white rice (WR), BR and R-BR powder. The mice were divided into 4 groups and fed with the following experimental diets for 4 weeks: (1) negative control (WR: diet with WR), (2) positive control (DSS_WR: DSS and diet with WR), (3) DSS_BR: DSS and diet with BR, and (4) DSS_R-BR: DSS and diet with R-BR...
November 17, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147626/functional-t-cells-targeting-tumor-associated-antigens-are-predictive-for-recurrence-free-survival-of-patients-with-radically-operated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Seyer Safi, Yoshikane Yamauchi, Anchana Rathinasamy, Slava Stamova, Martin Eichhorn, Arne Warth, Geraldine Rauch, Hendrik Dienemann, Hans Hoffmann, Philipp Beckhove
In this prospective study, we examined postoperative follow-up and preoperative IFN-γ T cell responses against 14 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-associated antigens in the blood of 51 patients with NSCLC, 7 patients with benign pulmonary tumors, and 10 tumor-free patients by enzyme-linked immunospot assay. The phenotype and function of T cells specific for tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) in the blood or tumor tissue of 9 NSCLC patients were characterized in detail using TNF-α, IL-2, and IFN-γ cytokine capture assays...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147443/4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide-induced-tongue-and-esophagus-carcinogenesis-in-obese-and-diabetic-tsod-mice
#6
Takuji Tanaka, Kunihiro Kawabata, Shigeyuki Sugie
Background: Obesity and diabetes mellitus are associated with lifestyle-related carcinogenesis. They are also risk factors of esophageal adenocarcinoma, but there are only a few reports on association between obesity/diabetes and development of squamous cell carcinoma in the oral cavity and esophagus. In this study, we therefore aimed to determine whether obesity and diabetes affect oral and esophageal carcinogenesis using model mice of obesity and diabetes, the Tsumura Suzuki obese diabetes (TSOD) and Tsumura Suzuki non-obesity (TSNO) control mice, which were treated with 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO) to produce tongue and esophageal carcinomas...
August 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146966/revisiting-the-role-of-interleukin-8-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#7
Denise Risnik, Enrique Podaza, María B Almejún, Ana Colado, Esteban E Elías, Raimundo F Bezares, Horacio Fernández-Grecco, Santiago Cranco, Julio C Sánchez-Ávalos, Mercedes Borge, Romina Gamberale, Mirta Giordano
The proliferation and survival of malignant B cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) depend on signals from the microenvironment in lymphoid tissues. Among a plethora of soluble factors, IL-8 has been considered one of the most relevant to support CLL B cell progression in an autocrine fashion, even though the expression of IL-8 receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2, on leukemic B cells has not been reported. Here we show that circulating CLL B cells neither express CXCR1 or CXCR2 nor they respond to exogenous IL-8 when cultured in vitro alone or in the presence of monocytes/nurse-like cells...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145855/generation-of-a-platform-strain-for-ionic-liquid-tolerance-using-adaptive-laboratory-evolution
#8
Elsayed T Mohamed, Shizeng Wang, Rebecca M Lennen, Markus J Herrgård, Blake A Simmons, Steven W Singer, Adam M Feist
BACKGROUND: There is a need to replace petroleum-derived with sustainable feedstocks for chemical production. Certain biomass feedstocks can meet this need as abundant, diverse, and renewable resources. Specific ionic liquids (ILs) can play a role in this process as promising candidates for chemical pretreatment and deconstruction of plant-based biomass feedstocks as they efficiently release carbohydrates which can be fermented. However, the most efficient pretreatment ILs are highly toxic to biological systems, such as microbial fermentations, and hinder subsequent bioprocessing of fermentative sugars obtained from IL-treated biomass...
November 16, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145439/impact-of-chronic-and-acute-academic-stress-on-lymphocyte-subsets-and-monocyte-function
#9
Viktoriya Maydych, Maren Claus, Nicole Dychus, Melanie Ebel, Jürgen Damaschke, Stefan Diestel, Oliver T Wolf, Thomas Kleinsorge, Carsten Watzl
This study investigated the effects of a temporally confined naturalistic stressor (academic stress) on immune functions. Furthermore, moderating influences of a number of psychological variables were assessed. Five blood samples were obtained from 20 students during an observation period of 8 weeks, starting 4.5 weeks before an exam period up to 1 week following the last exam. The analysis of 45 immune parameters revealed several time-dependent changes attributable to examination stress. We observed a reduction in the absolute numbers of natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes in peripheral blood and a shift towards more immature and naïve cells within NK and T cell populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145431/effects-of-periodontitis-on-the-development-of-asthma-the-role-of-photodynamic-therapy
#10
Larissa Carbonera Candeo, Nicole Cristine Rigonato-Oliveira, Aurileia Aparecida Brito, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Cristiane Miranda França, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Rodolfo Paula Vieira, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco, Ana Paula Ligeiro-Oliveira, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
To evaluate whether periodontitis modulates lung inflammation in an experimental model of asthma as well as the photodynamic therapy (PDT) is associated with a reduction of lung inflammation. Seventy-two BALB/c male mice (~2 months) were randomly divided into 8 groups (n = 9): Basal, Periodontitis (P), P+PT, P+PT+PDT, Asthma (A), A+P, A+P+PT, and A+P+PT+PDT. Periodontitis was induced by using the ligature technique and asthma was induced by ovalbumin (OVA). PT was performed with curettes and PDT with methylene blue (0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145197/inflammatory-and-angiogenic-factors-linked-to-longitudinal-microvascular-changes-in-hemodialysis-patients-irrespective-of-treatment-dose-intensity
#11
Nicos Mitsides, Tom Cornelis, Natascha J H Broers, Nanada M P Diederen, Paul Brenchley, Nicole Heitink-Ter Braak, Frank M van der Sande, Casper G Schalkwijk, Jeroen P Kooman, Sandip Mitra
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a major contributor to the poor outcomes observed in hemodialysis. We investigated the relationship between hemodialysis intensity and vascular parameters in high-dose (HDHD; >12hrs/week) and Conventional (CHD; ≤12hrs/week) hemodialysis intensity over a 6-month period. METHODS: We present the 6-month longitudinal analysis of a 2-year multicenter study investigating the effects of HDHD on cardiovascular parameters. We used pulse wave velocity, 24hr ambulatory blood pressure and sublingual dark field capillaroscopy measurements to assess macro- and microcirculation on 6-monthly basis...
November 16, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145158/vibrio-cholerae-ompu-induces-il-8-expression-in-human-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#12
Jae Seung Yang, Jun Ho Jeon, Mi Seon Jang, Seok-Seong Kang, Ki Bum Ahn, Manki Song, Cheol-Heui Yun, Seung Hyun Han
Although Vibrio cholerae colonizes the small intestine and induces acute inflammatory responses, less is known about the molecular mechanisms of V. cholerae-induced inflammatory responses in the intestine. We recently reported that OmpU, one of the most abundant outer membrane proteins of V. cholerae, plays an important role in the innate immunity of the whole bacteria. In this study, we evaluated the role of OmpU in induction of IL-8, a representative chemokine that recruits various inflammatory immune cells, in the human intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) line, HT-29...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144032/microrna-106b-overexpression-alleviates-inflammation-injury-of-cardiac-endothelial-cells-by-targeting-blnk-via-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#13
Zhe An, Guang Yang, Wei Nie, Jin Ren, Dan Wang
We aim to investigate whether microRNA-106b (miR-106b) affects the inflammation injury of cardiac endothelial cells (ECs) by targeting B-cell linker (BLNK) via the NF-κB signaling pathway. Human cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (HCMECs) were assigned into the control, hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R), negative control (NC), pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), miR-106b mimic, miR-106b inhibitor, and si-BLNK and miR-106b inhibitor + si-BLNK groups. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were conducted for miR-106b expression and expressions of BLNK, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, NF-κB, pIκBα, BTK, and PLC-γ2...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143938/short-hairpin-rna-interference-targeting-interleukin-1-receptor-type-i-in-the-paraventricular-nucleus-attenuates-hypertension-in-rats
#14
Peng Lu, Shu-Jun Jiang, Hong Pan, Ai-Li Xu, Gui-Hua Wang, Chun-Lei Ma, Zhen Shi
Blood pressure is controlled by tonic sympathetic activities, excessive activation of which contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Interleukin (IL)-1β in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is involved in sympathetic overdrive and hypertension. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effects of IL-1 receptor type I (IL-1R1) gene silencing in the PVN on hypertension. Recombinant lentivirus vectors expressing a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting IL-1R1 (Lv-shR-IL-1R1) or a control shRNA were microinjected into PVN of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive WKY rats...
November 16, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143360/identification-of-a-pyridine-derivative-inducing-senescence-in-ovarian-cancer-cell-lines-via-p21-activation
#15
Dongsheng Shang, Yanfang Wu, Ya Ding, Ziwen Lu, Yanting Shen, Feifei Zhu, Hanqing Liu, Chunyin Zhu, Zhigang Tu
Cellular senescence is a state of irreversible cell growth arrest. Increasing evidence suggests that cellular senescence contribute to tumor suppression in vivo. However, only a few anti-cancer drugs have been discovered to induce cellular senescence. Searching for new compounds which can inhibit cancer cell growth by inducing senescence is becoming one of the most attractive research fields. To test the effects of candidate compounds on cancer cell growth, cell proliferation assays, senescence associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining, and flow cytometry assay were performed...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143165/structure-of-monomeric-interleukin-8-and-its-interactions-with-the-n-terminal-binding-site-i-of-cxcr1-by-solution-nmr-spectroscopy
#16
Sabrina Berkamp, Sang Ho Park, Anna A De Angelis, Francesca M Marassi, Stanley J Opella
The structure of monomeric human chemokine IL-8 (residues 1-66) was determined in aqueous solution by NMR spectroscopy. The structure of the monomer is similar to that of each subunit in the dimeric full-length protein (residues 1-72), with the main differences being the location of the N-loop (residues 10-22) relative to the C-terminal α-helix and the position of the side chain of phenylalanine 65 near the truncated dimerization interface (residues 67-72). NMR was used to analyze the interactions of monomeric IL-8 (1-66) with ND-CXCR1 (residues 1-38), a soluble polypeptide corresponding to the N-terminal portion of the ligand binding site (Binding Site-I) of the chemokine receptor CXCR1 in aqueous solution, and with 1TM-CXCR1 (residues 1-72), a membrane-associated polypeptide that includes the same N-terminal portion of the binding site, the first trans-membrane helix, and the first intracellular loop of the receptor in nanodiscs...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142870/intracorporeal-reduction-of-condylar-fracture-using-both-pedicled-condylar-and-seperated-ramal-fragments-after-vertical-ramal-osteotomy
#17
Il-Kyu Kim, Jun-Min Jang, Hyun-Young Cho, Ji-Hoon Seo, Dong-Hwan Lee
The aim of this study is to introduce a surgical technique that can maintain blood supply to prevent condylar resorption in the extracorporeal reduction of condylar fracture. Neither the medial pterygoid muscle on the ramal bone nor the lateral pterygoid muscle on the condylar fragment was detached after vertical ramal osteotomy. Thus, reduction was performed in the intracorporeal state. Therefore, blood supply was expected to be maintained to the fragments of both the condylar and ramal bones. On postoperative radiographs, the anatomical outline of the fractured condyle was well restored, and the occlusion was stable...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142617/acute-strenuous-exercise-induces-an-imbalance-on-histone-h4-acetylation-histone-deacetylase-2-and-increases-the-proinflammatory-profile-of-pbmc-of-obese-individuals
#18
Gilson P Dorneles, Maria Carolina R Boeira, Lucas L Schipper, Ivy R V Silva, Viviane R Elsner, Pedro Dal Lago, Alessandra Peres, Pedro R T Romão
This study evaluated the response of global histone H4 acetylation (H4ac), histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) activity, as well as the production of proinflammatory cytokines and monocyte phenotypes of lean and obese males after exercise. Ten lean and ten obese sedentary men were submitted to one session of strenuous exercise, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were stimulated in vitro with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Global H4ac levels, HDAC2 activity in PBMC, and IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α production were analyzed...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142519/high-c-reactive-protein-level-is-associated-with-high-risk-adenoma
#19
Hyae Min Lee, Jae Myung Cha, Jung Lok Lee, Jung Won Jeon, Hyun Phil Shin, Kwang Ro Joo, Jin Young Yoon, Joung Il Lee
Background/Aims: There is substantial evidence supporting a role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer; however, little is known about the association between serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the risk of colorectal adenoma. This study was conducted to investigate the association between serum CRP and colorectal adenoma risk. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed on first-time screening colonoscopies in asymptomatic subjects who also had their serum CRP level measured during a routine health check-up between September 2006 and September 2009 in Korea...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142418/marantodes-pumilum-blume-kuntze-inhibited-secretion-of-lipopolysaccharide-and-monosodium-urate-crystal-stimulated-cytokines-and-plasma-prostaglandin-e2
#20
Eldiza Puji Rahmi, Jamia Azdina Jamal, Endang Kumolosasi, Juriyati Jalil, Nor-Ashila Aladdin
Background: Marantodes pumilum is traditionally used for dysentery, gonorrhea, and sickness in the bones. Previous studies revealed its antibacterial and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. Objective: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of three M. pumilum varieties on the secretion of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and monosodium urate crystal (MSU)-induced cytokines and plasma prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in vitro. Materials and Methods: The leaves and roots of M...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
keyword
keyword
87239
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"