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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790429/effects-of-rapid-palatal-expansion-rpe-and-twin-block-mandibular-advancement-device-mad-on-pharyngeal-structures-in-class-ii-pediatric-patients-from-cluj-napoca-romania
#1
Ovidiu Dănuţ Rădescu, Horațiu Alexandru Colosi, Silviu Albu
OBJECTIVE: To compare cephalometric changes of pharyngeal structures after rapid palatal expansion (RPE) with those induced by a twin block mandibular advancement device (MAD) with palatal expansion capability. METHODS: This retrospective study investigated 55 Class II pediatric patients, divided into two groups: 29 patients treated with RPE and 26 patients treated with MAD. Lateral cephalometric measurements were compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: Changes in pharyngeal airway space were statistically significant in both groups (p < 0...
May 23, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785396/expression-characterization-of-six-genes-possibly-involved-in-gonad-development-for-stellate-sturgeon-individuals-acipenser-stellatus-pallas-1771
#2
Alexandru Burcea, Gina-Oana Popa, Iulia Elena Florescu Gune, Marilena Maereanu, Andreea Dudu, Sergiu Emil Georgescu, Marieta Costache
Nowadays, in sturgeon's aquaculture, there is a necessity for sex identification at early stages in order to increase the efficiency of this commercial activity. The basis for a correct identification is studying the different factors that influence the gonad development. The research has been directed towards molecular methods that have been employed with various degrees of success in identifying genes with different expression patterns between male and female sturgeons during their development stages. For the purpose of understanding the sexual development of 4-year-old stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus) individuals, we have selected six genes ( foxl2 , cyp17a1 , ar , dmrt1 , sox9 , and star )...
2018: International Journal of Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785155/the-volume-of-the-cerebellum-in-the-second-semester-of-gestation
#3
Damiana Vulturar, Alexandru Fărcăşanu, Flaviu Turcu, Dan Boitor, Carmen Crivii
Background and aims: The cerebellum ("little brain"), the largest part of hind brain, lies in the posterior cranial fossa, beneath the occipital lobe and dorsal to the brainstem. It develops over a long period: it is one of the first structures in the brain to begin to differentiate, but one of the last to mature. The use of ultrasonography has significantly improved the evaluation of fetal growth and development and has permitted prenatal diagnosis of a variety of congenital malformations...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784901/symptomatic-total-aortic-occlusion
#4
Bogdan Dutu, Dumitru Zdrenghea, Dana Pop, Gabriel Cismaru, Alexandru Martis, Adrian C Iancu
BACKGROUND Aortic occlusion, whether acute or subacute, is a rare but very serious entity with disastrous consequences if not treated in a timely fashion. Rapid diagnosis is crucial in this setting. In surgically treated patients there is a high degree of mortality and morbidity; therefore, percutaneous revascularization, whenever possible and independent of the available techniques, is much more desirable. CASE REPORT A 62-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and peripheral vascular disease, with previous femoral-femoral bypass for right common iliac artery occlusion, and with recent conventional angiography showing near occlusion of the ostial left common iliac artery (the donor vessel for the previous bypass), was referred to our hospital for conventional angioplasty...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784161/surgeon-perspectives-on-learning-ab-interno-gelatin-microstent-implantation
#5
Andrei-Alexandru Szigiato, Simrenjeet Sandhu, Gokulan Ratnarajan, Michael W Dorey, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the surgeon's learning experience with an ab-interno gelatin microstent (XEN-45, Allergan) to other glaucoma surgeries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. METHODS: All surgeons in Canada who used the gelatin microstent were identified and given an anonymous online survey (FluidSurveys, Survey Monkey) designed to evaluate key factors associated with the device, including prior surgical experience, patient selection criteria, analysis of each surgical step, and postoperative care...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782296/sexual-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-in-romania
#6
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774384/correction-to-management-of-split-cordmalformation-in-children-the-lyon-experience
#7
Pierre-Aurélien Beuriat, Federico Di Rocco, Alexandru Szathmari, Carmine Mottolese
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error. The authors have been published with inverted given and family names. Given in this article are the corrected author names.
May 17, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769579/hla-class-ii-haplotypes-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Meriem Bennabi, Alexandru Gaman, Richard Delorme, Wahid Boukouaci, Céline Manier, Isabelle Scheid, Nassima Si Mohammed, Djaouida Bengoufa, Dominique Charron, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Marion Leboyer, Ryad Tamouza
Infections and autoimmunity are associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with both strongly influenced by the genetic regulation of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system. The relationship between ASD and the HLA genetic diversity requires further investigation. Using a case control design, the distribution of HLA class II-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles, genotypes and haplotypes were investigated in ASD patients, versus healthy controls (HC). ASD patients meeting DSM-IV TR criteria and HC (474 and 350 respectively) were genotyped at medium resolution using a Luminex-based SSO technology...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756857/emergent-chiral-spin-state-in-the-mott-phase-of-a-bosonic-kane-mele-hubbard-model
#9
Kirill Plekhanov, Ivana Vasić, Alexandru Petrescu, Rajbir Nirwan, Guillaume Roux, Walter Hofstetter, Karyn Le Hur
Recently, the frustrated XY model for spins 1/2 on the honeycomb lattice has attracted a lot of attention in relation with the possibility to realize a chiral spin liquid state. This model is relevant to the physics of some quantum magnets. Using the flexibility of ultracold atom setups, we propose an alternative way to realize this model through the Mott regime of the bosonic Kane-Mele-Hubbard model. The phase diagram of this model is derived using bosonic dynamical mean-field theory. Focusing on the Mott phase, we investigate its magnetic properties as a function of frustration...
April 13, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754650/shared-decision-making-tool-for-thromboprophylaxis-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-feasibility-study
#10
Mark H Eckman, Alexandru Costea, Mehran Attari, Jitender Munjal, Ruth E Wise, Carol Knochelmann, Matthew L Flaherty, Pete Baker, Robert Ireton, Brett M Harnett, Anthony C Leonard, Dylan Steen, Adam Rose, John Kues
BACKGROUND: Appropriate thromboprophylaxis for patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter (AF) remains a national challenge. METHODS: We hypothesized that a shared decision-making interaction facilitated by an Atrial Fibrillation Shared Decision Making Tool (AFSDM) would improve patient knowledge about atrial fibrillation, and the risks and benefits of various treatment options for stroke prevention; increase satisfaction with the decision-making process; improve the therapeutic alliance between patient and the clinical care team; and increase medication adherence...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747456/intestinal-absorption-and-antioxidant-activity-of-grape-pomace-polyphenols
#11
Veronica Sanda Chedea, Laurentiu Mihai Palade, Daniela Eliza Marin, Rodica Stefania Pelmus, Mihaela Habeanu, Mircea Catalin Rotar, Mihail Alexandru Gras, Gina Cecilia Pistol, Ionelia Taranu
The absorption and antioxidant activity of polyphenols from grape pomace (GP) are important aspects of its valorization as a feed additive in the diet of weaned piglets. This study aimed to evaluate the presence of polyphenols from GP both in vitro in IPEC cells and in vivo in the duodenum and colon of piglets fed with diets containing or not 5% GP and also to compare and correlate the aspects of their in vitro and in vivo absorption. Total polyphenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant status (TAS, CAT, SOD and GPx enzyme activity, and lipid peroxidation-TBARS level) were assessed in duodenum and colon of piglets fed or not a diet with 5% GP...
May 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746193/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-stroke
#12
Alexandru Corlateanu, Serghei Covantev, Alexander G Mathioudakis, Victor Botnaru, Mario Cazzola, Nikolaos Siafakas
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the world and its incidence and prevalence is on the rise. It is evident that COPD is linked to cardiovascular disease. In the last years, several studies demonstrated that COPD may also be a risk factor for stroke, another major cause of death worldwide. Taking in consideration that COPD has multiple comorbidities it is hard to say whether COPD is an independent risk factor for stroke or it is due to confounding effect...
May 10, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742066/endoscopic-management-of-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-induced-by-chronic-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Theodor Alexandru Voiosu, Andrada Viorela Gheorghe, Dan Adrian Bobeica, Andrei Mihai Voiosu, Radu Bogdan Mateescu
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is frequently congenital and requires surgical correction. TEF can also occur secondary to malignant esophageal tumors or benign diseases and these cases are managed by endoscopic means, such as closing the defect with metallic stents. Although esophageal injury can occur secondary to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), TEF secondary to chronic NSAIDs use hasn't been described in the literature. We report the case of a male patient with refractory migraine and chronic use of NSAIDs, with a history of esophageal stenosis presenting with acute-onset total dysphagia...
May 8, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739062/new-molecular-and-epigenetic-expressions-as-novel-biomarkers-in-critically-ill-polytrauma-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-aki
#14
REVIEW
Mihaela V Ivan, Alexandru F Rogobete, Ovidiu H Bedreag, Marius Papurica, Sonia E Popovici, Anca Dinu, Mihai Sandesc, Andrei Beceanu, Lavinia M Bratu, Calin M Popoiu, Dorel Sandesc, Ovidiu Boruga, Lazar Fulger
BACKGROUND: A high percentage of the critically ill polytrauma patients develop acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to trauma and are therefore prone to high morbidity and mortality rates. One of the main objectives in these cases is the fast detection of the condition and continuous rigorous monitoring of the patients. Currently the panel of biomarkers available for monitoring and for the prognosis of AKI is limited. Numerous studies have proven the importance of microRNAs in this field...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734761/developing-a-mixed-neural-network-approach-to-forecast-the-residential-electricity-consumption-based-on-sensor-recorded-data
#15
Simona-Vasilica Oprea, Alexandru Pîrjan, George Căruțașu, Dana-Mihaela Petroșanu, Adela Bâra, Justina-Lavinia Stănică, Cristina Coculescu
In this paper, we report a study having as a main goal the obtaining of a method that can provide an accurate forecast of the residential electricity consumption, refining it up to the appliance level, using sensor recorded data, for residential smart homes complexes that use renewable energy sources as a part of their consumed electricity, overcoming the limitations of not having available historical meteorological data and the unwillingness of the contractor to acquire such data periodically in the future accurate short-term forecasts from a specialized institute due to the implied costs...
May 5, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733010/nonelective-left-sided-colon-cancer-resections-are-associated-with-worse-postoperative-and-oncological-outcomes-a-propensity-matched-study
#16
Mircea Beuran, Ionut Negoi, Mihaela Vartic, Alexandru Runcanu, Cezar Ciubotaru, Adelina Cruceru, Alina Prodan
Background: Emergency general surgery patients are at significant risk of postoperative complications and mortality compared with their elective counterparts. Although challenged by some studies, increasing evidence shows that emergency colectomy for cancer is associated with worse early postoperative and long-term outcomes. Methods: We have included all patients with colon cancer admitted to the Emergency Hospital of Bucharest between January 2011 and January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: (1) colon tumor; (2) left-sided localization of the tumor; (3) pathology exam revealing adenocarcinoma...
March 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726607/slowly-growing-exophytic-hyperpigmented-nodule-of-the-calf
#17
Diana Crisan, Anca Sindrilaru, Alexandru Badea, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek, Maria Crisan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726022/will-cognitive-enhancement-create-post-persons-the-use-lessness-of-induction-in-determining-the-likelihood-of-moral-status-enhancement
#18
Emilian Mihailov, Alexandru Dragomir
The prospect of cognitive enhancement well beyond current human capacities raises worries that the fundamental equality in moral status of human beings could be undermined. Cognitive enhancement might create beings with moral status higher than persons. Yet, there is an expressibility problem of spelling out what the higher threshold in cognitive capacity would be like. Nicholas Agar has put forward the bold claim that we can show by means of inductive reasoning that indefinite cognitive enhancement will probably mark a difference in moral status...
May 3, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722962/inhibition-of-14-3-3-tau-by-hybrid-small-molecule-peptides-operating-via-two-different-binding-modes
#19
Sebastian Alexandru Andrei, Femke Meijer, Joao Neves, Luc Brunsveld, Isabelle Landrieu, Christian Ottmann, Lech-Gustav Milroy
Current molecular hypotheses have yet to deliver marketable treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD), arguably due to a lack of basic knowledge of AD biology, and an overreliance on conventional drug modalities. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are emerging drug targets, which show promise for the treatment of e.g. cancer, but are still underexploited for treating neurodegenerative diseases. 14-3-3 binding to phosphorylated Tau is a promising PPI drug target based on its reported destabilizing effect on microtubules, leading to enhanced neurofibrillary tangle formation as a potential cause of AD-related neurodegeneration...
May 3, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719813/psoriatic-arthritis-due-to-nivolumab-administration-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Konstantinos Sapalidis, Christoforos Kosmidis, Nikolaos Michalopoulos, Charilaos Koulouris, Stylianos Mantalobas, Dimitrios Giannakidis, Alexandru Munteanu, Valeriu Surlin, Stella Laskou, Paul Zarogoulidis, Dimitrios Drougas, Crysanthi Sardeli, Chrysanthi Karapantzou, Ilias Karapantzos, Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Haidong Huang, Isaak Kesisoglou
Nowadays we have novel equipment for lung cancer diagnosis, however; due to lack of symptoms, lung cancer is still diagnosed at a late stage. Currently we have the following therapies for non-small cell lung cancer: a) non-specific cytotoxic agents, b) targeted therapies and c) immunotherapy. Each therapy has its own advantages and adverse effects. In the current case we will present a rare case of psoriacic arthritis that was presented after two cycles of nivolumab administration and we will also present a review of the literature...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
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