keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

musculoskeletical diseases

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667905/essential-role-of-mohawk-for-tenogenic-tissue-homeostasis-including-spinal-disc-and-periodontal-ligament
#1
Ryo Nakamichi, Kensuke Kataoka, Hiroshi Asahara
Tendons and ligaments play essential roles in connecting muscle and bone and stabilizing the connections between bones. The damage to tendons and ligaments caused by aging, injury, and arthritis induces the dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system and reduces the quality of life. Current therapy for damaged tendons and ligaments depends on self-repair; however, it is difficult to reconstruct normal tissue. Regeneration therapy for tendons and ligaments has not been achieved, partly because the mechanism, cell biology, and pathophysiology of tendon and ligament development remain unclear...
April 18, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667644/emotional-distress-as-a-predictor-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-malaysian-nursing-professionals
#2
Nur Azma Amin, Kia Fatt Quek, Jennifer Anne Oxley, Rahim Noah, Rusli Nordin
BACKGROUND: Emotional distress is becoming a great concern and is more common in both developed and developing countries. It is associated with several disease conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of self-perceived emotional distress and its relation to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) in nurses. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out on 660 female nurses working in public hospitals in the Klang Valley, Malaysia...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667012/bone-marrow-adipocyte-developmental-origin-and-biology
#3
REVIEW
Joanna Bukowska, Trivia Frazier, Stanley Smith, Theodore Brown, Robert Bender, Michelle McCarthy, Xiying Wu, Bruce A Bunnell, Jeffrey M Gimble
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores how the relationships between bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) adipogenesis with advancing age, obesity, and/or bone diseases (osteopenia or osteoporosis) contribute to mechanisms underlying musculoskeletal pathophysiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have re-defined adipose tissue as a dynamic, vital organ with functions extending beyond its historic identity restricted solely to that of an energy reservoir or sink. "State of the art" methodologies provide novel insights into the developmental origin, physiology, and function of different adipose tissue depots...
April 18, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665054/does-hacking-surface-type-affect-equine-forelimb-foot-placement-movement-symmetry-or-hoof-impact-deceleration-during-ridden-walk-and-trot-exercise
#4
A Barstow, J Bailey, J Campbell, C Harris, R Weller, T Pfau
BACKGROUND: Both pleasure and competition horses regularly exercise on surfaces such as tarmac, gravel, and turf during 'hacking'. Despite this, there is limited evidence relating to the effect of these surfaces upon foot-surface interaction. OBJECTIVES: To investigate forelimb foot placement, hoof vibration and movement symmetry in pleasure horses on three commonly encountered hacking surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative gait study in a convenience sample...
April 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661429/effects-of-a-physiotherapeutic-protocol-in-respiratory-function-aerobic-capacity-and-quality-of-life-after-kidney-transplantation
#5
L Campanati-Palhares, T C Simoncini, P G da Silva Augusto, F D Masi Galhardo, M G Pereira, B S Vian, M Mazzali
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease can lead to dysfunction of the respiratory, cardiac, and musculoskeletal systems, altering the body's metabolism. Renal transplantation and hospital physiotherapy, through specific protocols, can improve these dysfunctions. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of a hospital physiotherapeutic protocol in quality of life (QoL), respiratory muscle strength, peak expiratory flow, and 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in the preoperative, first, and fifth days after renal transplantation...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660749/antimicrobial-peptidomimetics-for-recurrent-septicemia-infections-in-vitro-study-for-immuno-compromised-disease-target
#6
Priyanka Sharma, Kandasamy Nagarajan, Bihu Prasad Panda
The frequency of Bacillus subtilis infection such as pneumonia pan-opthalmitis, visceral abscess or musculoskeletal infection etc. complications following bacteremia, meningitis in children & the infection associated with majority of motor vehicle accidents associated with trauma & gun shoot injury. Antibiotics which appear especially useful in the treatment of Bacillus. infection are clindamycin and vancomycin to which vast majority of strains are susceptible in vitro. Our objective is to test the synthesized peptidomimetics with the efforts mainly directed towards the identification of antibacterial compounds against recurrent septicemia infection...
April 16, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658202/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#7
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656837/long-term-care-status-in-centenarians-and-younger-cohorts-of-oldest-old-in-the-last-6-years-of-life-trajectories-and-potential-mechanisms
#8
Paul Gellert, Simon Eggert, Christine Zwillich, Stefan Hörter, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Dagmar Dräger
OBJECTIVES: A large proportion of the oldest old and centenarians live in long-term care facilities. Although there may be distinct care patterns in centenarians compared with other cohorts of oldest old, the exact development concerning prevalence, length of stay, and factors that are associated with long-term care status in the last years before death is unknown. DESIGN: Longitudinal analyses of health insurance data across 6 years before death. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In all, 1398 institutionalized and noninstitutionalized oldest old [deceased at 80-89 (octogenarians), 90-99 (nonagenarians), or over 100 years of age (centenarians)] from Germany were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656303/spondylodiscitis-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-imaging-perspectives-from-a-single-centre-s-experience
#9
Ramin Mandegaran, Christopher S W Tang, Erlick A C Pereira, Ali Zavareh
OBJECTIVE: Very few reports have previously described spondylodiscitis as a potential complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We present to our knowledge the first case series of spondylodiscitis following EVAR based on our institution's experience over an 11-year period. Particular attention is paid to the key imaging features and challenges encountered when performing spinal imaging in this complex patient group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1,847 patients who underwent EVAR at our institution between January 2006 and January 2017, a total of 9 patients were identified with imaging features of spondylodiscitis (0...
April 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652875/evaluation-of-recurrence-of-musculoskeletal-tumors-with-thallium-201-scintigraphy-plus-spect-ct-in-pediatric-population
#10
Sevastián S Medina-Ornelas, Herlinda Vera-Hermosillo, Rafael Delgado-Espín, Francisco O García-Pérez
Background: Imaging studies, particularly simple and contrast-enhanced tomography, constitute the first diagnostic approach to detect recurrence of musculoskeletal tumors. The aim of the present retrospective study was to demonstrate the usefulness of scintigraphy plus SPECT/CT (single photon emission computed tomography) with thallium-201 (201 Tl) in the evaluation of malignant musculoskeletal tumors with suspicion of recurrence or metastatic disease. Methods: Eight weeks after the last therapy, 72 scintigraphy and SPECT/CT studies were performed to assess regional recurrence and metastatic disease in 42 patients with different types of malignant musculoskeletal tumors, such as osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, retinoblastoma, synovial sarcoma, and Wilms tumor at the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644507/the-impact-of-obesity-on-breast-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Daniel F Argolo, Clifford A Hudis, Neil M Iyengar
The rates of obesity are increasing worldwide and this condition is now recognized as a leading preventable cause of cancer. Several diseases are directly related to obesity, including diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, musculoskeletal disorders, and a diverse range of malignances-such as breast cancer. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of postmenopausal estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and worse cancer-related outcomes for all breast tumor subtypes. Several mechanisms have been proposed to contribute to the obesity-cancer link, including high levels of circulating and local estrogens, altered amounts of adipokines (leptin and adiponectin), disrupted insulin/IGF signaling, modifications within the microbiome, and local and systemic effects of inflammation...
April 11, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643425/a-novel-two-score-system-for-interferon-status-segregates-autoimmune-diseases-and-correlates-with-clinical-features
#12
Y M El-Sherbiny, A Psarras, M Y Md Yusof, E M A Hensor, R Tooze, G Doody, A A A Mohamed, D McGonagle, M Wittmann, P Emery, E M Vital
Measurement of type I interferon (IFN-I) has potential to diagnose and stratify autoimmune diseases, but existing results have been inconsistent. Interferon-stimulated-gene (ISG) based methods may be affected by the modularity of the ISG transcriptome, cell-specific expression, response to IFN-subtypes and bimodality of expression. We developed and clinically validated a 2-score system (IFN-Score-A and -B) using Factor Analysis of 31 ISGs measured by TaqMan selected from 3-IFN-annotated modules. We evaluated these scores using in-vitro IFN stimulation as well as in sorted cells then clinically validated in a cohort of 328 autoimmune disease patients and healthy controls...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642918/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-early-exit-from-work-results-from-a-population-based-study
#13
Pedro A Laires, Helena Canhão, Ana M Rodrigues, Mónica Eusébio, Miguel Gouveia, Jaime C Branco
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of pain and disability, which may be a source of productivity losses. The objectives of this study were to describe the impact of OA, namely through pain and physical disability, on early exit from work and to calculate its economic burden. METHODS: We analysed data from the national, cross-sectional, population-based EpiReumaPt study (Sep2011-Dec2013) in which 10,661 individuals were randomly surveyed in order to capture all cases of rheumatic diseases...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629596/spinal-tuberculosis
#14
R N Dunn, M Ben Husien
Tuberculosis (TB) remains endemic in many parts of the developing world and is increasingly seen in the developed world due to migration. A total of 1.3 million people die annually from the disease. Spinal TB is the most common musculoskeletal manifestation, affecting about 1 to 2% of all cases of TB. The coexistence of HIV, which is endemic in some regions, adds to the burden and the complexity of management. This review discusses the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, impact of HIV and both the medical and surgical options in the management of spinal TB...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628202/health-status-of-afro-asian-refugees-in-an-italian-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#15
R Del Pinto, D Pietropaoli, U Russomando, P Evangelista, C Ferri
OBJECTIVES: The recent sociopolitical events in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern areas have significantly impacted international migration flows. As disease prevalence and type are different among western and Afro-Asian countries, physicians dealing with refugees should be aware of their specific health needs. We aimed at evaluating the health status and disease history of refugees at their arrival in the urban area of L'Aquila (Italy). STUDY DESIGN: This is a monocentric cross-sectional study...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627810/cause-specific-sickness-absence-trends-by-occupational-class-and-industrial-sector-in-the-context-of-recent-labour-market-changes-a-finnish-panel-data-study
#16
Taina Leinonen, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Kirsti Husgafvel-Pursiainen, Svetlana Solovieva
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide previously unestablished information on population-based differences in cause-specific sickness absence trends between occupational classes and further between four large industrial sectors within the different occupational classes while controlling for other socioeconomic factors and employment patterns. We focused on the period 2005-2013, during which the labour market underwent large economic and structural changes in many countries. DESIGN: Register-based panel data study...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626368/patient-centred-value-framework-for-haemophilia
#17
B O'Mahony, G Dolan, D Nugent, C Goodman
INTRODUCTION: Growing budgetary demands have led to increased scrutiny of healthcare spending for rare diseases, leading to a unified goal within the haemophilia community to define objectively patient-centred value in haemophilia care. AIM: To develop a patient-centred outcomes framework with global applicability for assessing value in haemophilia healthcare. METHODS: An international, multidisciplinary panel of experts convened to identify the range of patient impacts of haemophilia health care and organize these into a three-tiered, patient-centred outcomes framework based on Porter's model for assessing value...
April 6, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625732/healthcare-use-patterns-and-economic-burden-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-children-before-diagnosis
#18
Frances Tian, Patsy Guittar, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Gloria Higgins, Stacy P Ardoin, Charles H Spencer, Karla Jones, Bethanne Thomas, Shoghik Akoghlanian, Sharon Bout-Tabaku
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the healthcare use and costs of amplified musculoskeletal pain syndrome (AMPS) in children before diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study in children with AMPS at a pediatric rheumatology clinic between 2010 and 2014. Data were abstracted on 80 patients after primary rheumatic diseases were excluded. Healthcare visits, medications and diagnostic testing that occurred in the years before diagnosis were collected. The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used to estimate visit costs...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625332/intra-articular-drug-delivery-systems-for-joint-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Muhammad Farooq Rai, Christine Tn Pham
Intra-articular (IA) injections directly deliver high concentrations of therapeutics to the joint space and are routinely used in various musculoskeletal conditions such as osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, current IA-injected drugs are rapidly cleared and do not significantly affect the course of joint disease. In this review, we highlight recent developments in IA therapy, with a special emphasis on current and emerging therapeutic carriers and their potential to deliver disease-modifying treatment modalities for arthritis...
April 3, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622304/advanced-epidemiologic-methods-for-the-study-of-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases
#20
EDITORIAL
Sindhu R Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
87229
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"