Read by QxMD icon Read


Sahin Bagbanci, Mumtaz Dadali, Yeliz Dadalı, Levent Emir, Ozkan Gorgulu, Ayhan Karabulut
To establish if a retropulsion prevention device for ureteral stones equalizes surgical success and push-back rates of Ho:YAG laser and pneumatic lithotripters for upper ureteral stones. Patients with upper ureteral stones (n = 267) were treated endoscopically at the Department of Urology between April 2014 and December 2015. Patients were randomly assigned to pneumatic and Ho:YAG laser lithotripters as group-1 and group-2, respectively. Lithotripsy was performed with Stone Cone(TM) in both groups. The surgical success rate on the first postoperative day was 81...
October 19, 2016: Urolithiasis
Ben H Chew, Dirk Lange
Open ureterolithotomy and pyelolithotomy used to be first line therapy for treating kidney and ureteral stones. With the advent of shockwave lithotripsy, open stone surgery became less prevalent, but once ureteroscopy became more prevalent, open stone surgery became all but extinct. Advances in smaller, more flexible endoscopes and improvements in intracorporeal lithotripters, ureteroscopy has become a mainstay of therapy for kidney stones. The holmium:YAG laser can be utilized through flexible instruments and fragments any stone no matter what it is composed of...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Jodi A Antonelli, Heather Beardsley, Stephen Faddegon, Monica Sc Morgan, Jeffrey C Gahan, Margaret S Pearle, Jeffrey A Cadeddu
PURPOSE: We developed a polyethylene sack (the PercSac) that fits over the shaft of a rigid nephroscope and is deployed into the collecting system to capture a stone and contain fragments during PCNL. We previously reported results using the PercSac in a percutaneous cystolithopaxy model. Herein we compare the efficiency of stone fragmentation with and without the PercSac in an anatomically correct in vitro PCNL model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PCNL model consisted of a human collecting system model created on a 3-D printer...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Adam Geoffrey Kaplan, Tony T Chen, Georgy Sankin, Chen Yang, Joanne Andrea Dale, W Neal Simmons, Pei Zhong, Glenn M Preminger, Michael Eric Lipkin
INTRODUCTION: The Nanopulse Lithotripter (NPL, Lithotech Medical, Israel) is a novel intracorporeal device that uses a nanosecond duration electrical discharge through a reusable flexible coaxial probe to endoscopically fragment urinary stones. This device was compared to a holmium laser lithotripsy (HoL) with regards to stone fragmentation efficiency (SFE) and its impact on flexible ureteroscope (URS) deflection and flow of irrigation. METHODS: Using a custom bench model, a 6mm Begostone cylindrical phantom (mixture 5:2) was confined under 0...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Andrea Ferrero, Juan C Montoya, Lisa E Vaughan, Alice E Huang, Ian O McKeag, Felicity T Enders, James C Williams, Cynthia H McCollough
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated a qualitative relationship between stone fragility and internal stone morphology. The goal of this study was to quantify morphologic features from dual-energy computed tomography (CT) images and assess their relationship to stone fragility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three calcified urinary stones were scanned with micro-CT. Next, they were placed within torso-shaped water phantoms and scanned with the dual-energy CT stone composition protocol in routine use at our institution...
October 4, 2016: Academic Radiology
Sanjay Khadgi, Babu Shrestha, Hamdy Ibrahim, Sunil Shrestha, Mohammed S ElSheemy, Ahmed M Al-Kandari
To evaluate safety and efficacy of minipercutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini-PNL) in management of stones in different types of renal anomalies. Patients with stones ≥2 cm or SWL-resistant stones in anomalous-kidneys treated by Mini-PNL between March 2010 and September 2012 were included prospectively. Mini-PNL was done under regional anesthesia in prone position with fluoroscopic guidance through 18 Fr sheath using semirigid ureteroscope (8.5/11.5 Fr) and pneumatic lithotripter. All patients were followed-up for 2-3 years...
October 4, 2016: Urolithiasis
Ahmed R El-Nahas, Mohamed M Elsaadany, Diaa-Eldin Taha, Ahmed M Elshal, Mohamed Abo El-Ghar, Amani M Ismail, Essam A Elsawy, Hazem H Saleh, Ehab W Wafa, Amira Awadalla, Tamer S Barakat, Khaled Z Sheir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effects of selenium with vitamins A, C and E (selenium ACE, i.e. antioxidants), verapamil (calcium channel blocker), and losartan (angiotensin receptor blocker) against extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)-induced renal injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was conducted between August 2012 and February 2015. Inclusion criteria were adult patients with a single renal stone (<2 cm) suitable for ESWL...
September 30, 2016: BJU International
S W Ohl, E Klaseboer, A J Szeri, B C Khoo
Following previous work on the dynamics of an oscillating bubble near a bio-material (Ohl et al 2009 Phys. Med. Biol. 54 6313-36) and the interaction of a bubble with a shockwave (Klaseboer et al 2007 J. Fluid Mech. 593 33-56), the present work concerns the interaction of a gas bubble with a traveling shock wave (such as from a lithotripter) in the vicinity of bio-materials such as fat, skin, muscle, cornea, cartilage, and bone. The bubble is situated in water (to represent a water-like biofluid). The bubble collapses are not spherically symmetric, but tend to feature a high speed jet...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
R G Bengió, L Arribillaga, J Epelde, S Orellana, H García-Önto, A Montedoro, E Cordero, G Oulton, R H Bengió
OBJECTIVE: To present a predictive tool of success of ESWL adapted to our environment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study of patients with renal and upper ureteral stones whom underwent ESWL with DUET MAGNA lithotripter between January 2014 and March 2015. We included 114 patients in whom demographics and CT scan characteristics were studied. Multivariate analysis by logistic regression was performed to establish independent predictors of success in ESWL...
September 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Fabio Nussberger, Beat Roth, Tobias Metzger, Bernhard Kiss, George N Thalmann, Roland Seiler
The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for renal hematoma after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for kidney stones in a matched case-control analysis of a subgroup of patients recruited from a prospective randomized cohort. Between 06/2010 and 03/2013, 418 patients underwent SWL with the MODULITH(®)-SLX-F2-lithotripter for kidney stones. In 39/418 patients (9 %), ultrasound at post-treatment day 1 revealed renal hematomas. For 37 of these patients, a matched group without hematoma could be selected according to the following matching criteria: age, gender, number and energy of shock waves, stone burden and localization...
August 30, 2016: Urolithiasis
David Collado-Pacheco, Luis Ramon Rábago-Torre, Maria Arias-Rivera, Alejandro Ortega-Carbonel, Ana Olivares-Valles, Alicia Alonso-Prada, Jaime Vázquez-Echarri, Norberto Herrera-Merino
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been the method most widely used to manage the extraction of gastric bands with inclusion as a late complication of bariatric surgery; however, surgical extraction entails morbidity and limits future surgical procedures. The development of endoscopic techniques has provided an important means of improving the treatment of this complication, enabling minimally invasive and safe procedures that have a high success rate. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of patients who had laparoscopic gastric banding complicated by intragastric migration and were treated endoscopically...
June 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Catalin Pricop, Dragomir N Serban, Ionela Lacramioara Serban, Alin-Adrian Cumpanas, Constantin-Virgil Gingu
BACKGROUND: JJ stents are often encountered in patients with pelvic renal stones referred for shock wave lithotripsy, most of them being placed either for obstructive renal pelvic stones or for ureteric stones mobilized retrograde during the JJ stent insertion. The aim of the study was to determine whether the relative stone position in the upper loop of the JJ stent during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) influences the efficiency of the procedure. The study was designed as a prospective cohort study on 162 patients addressing the same urological department, with single renal pelvic stone (primary or mobilized to the renal pelvis during the insertion of JJ stent), smaller than 15 mm, with JJ stent, treated by SWL using a second generation spark gap lithotripter, 18 kV, 3000 waves/session...
2016: SpringerPlus
Adel H Metwally, Mahmoud H Sherief, Mohamed A Elkoushy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cystolitholapaxy (PCCL) under cystoscopic guidance and without fluoroscopy for the management of large or multiple bladder stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data were reviewed for patients undergoing PCCL with cystoscopic guidance and without fluoroscopy. Patients with a bladder stone burden of ⩾30 mm were included. Stone fragmentation was achieved using a pneumatic lithotripter through a rigid nephroscope and the fragments were removed with peanut forceps...
September 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
Ying Zhang, Isaac Nault, Sorin Mitran, Edwin S Iversen, Pei Zhong
The effects of stone size on the process and comminution efficiency of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) were investigated in experiments, numerical simulations and scale analysis. Cylindrical BegoStone phantoms with approximately equal height and diameter of either 4, 7 or 10 mm, in a total aggregated mass of about 1.5 g, were treated in an electromagnetic shock wave lithotripter field. The resultant stone comminution was found to correlate closely with the average peak pressure, P+(avg), incident on the stones...
November 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Sandra Nwokeoha, Robert Carlisle, Robin O Cleveland
The delivery of genes into cells through the transfer of ribonucleic acids (RNAs) has been found to cause a change in the level of target protein expression. RNA-based transfection is conceptually more efficient than commonly delivered plasmid DNA because it does not require division or damage of the nuclear envelope, thereby increasing the chances of the cell remaining viable. Shock waves (SWs) have been found to induce cellular uptake by transiently altering the permeability of the plasma membrane, thereby overcoming a critical step in gene therapy...
October 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Nathan Y Hoy, Larissa Shapka, Jan Rudzinski, Trevor D Schuler, Timothy A Wollin, Derek Bochinski, Shubha K De
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The manufacturer for the Storz Modulith SLX-F2 lithotripter recommends treatment head exchange after 1.65 million shocks. However, there is no documentation describing longevity of the treatment head with continued usage. The objective of this study is to determine whether there is a difference in stone fragmentation effectiveness with the treatment head at the beginning versus the end of its treatment life. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 200 patients-50 consecutive patients treated immediately preceding, and following, two separate treatment head exchanges...
September 2016: Journal of Endourology
Jens J Rassweiler, Jan Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: European Urology
Bret A Connors, Andrew P Evan, Rajash K Handa, Philip M Blomgren, Cynthia D Johnson, Ziyue Liu, James E Lingeman
PURPOSE: Pretreating a pig kidney with 500 low-energy shock waves (SWs) before delivering a clinical dose of SWs (2000 SWs, 24 kV, 120 SWs/min) has been shown to significantly reduce the size of the hemorrhagic lesion produced in that treated kidney, compared with a protocol without pretreatment. However, since the time available for patient care is limited, we wanted to determine if fewer pretreatment SWs could be used in this protocol. As such, we tested if pretreating with 300 SWs can initiate the same reduction in renal lesion size as has been observed with 500 SWs...
September 2016: Journal of Endourology
N L Sharma, C E Alexander, E Grout, B W Turney
The objectives of this study are to determine the current treatment policies of UK shock-wave lithotripsy centres. Fixed-site lithotripter centres in the UK were identified via the national Therapeutic Interventions for Stones of the Ureter (TISU) study (n = 25). Questionnaires were completed regarding current SWL protocols for each centre, including management of anticoagulation, use of antibiotics and analgesia, urine testing, pacemakers, and arterial aneurysms. Data were collected regarding service delivery...
May 23, 2016: Urolithiasis
Mohammed S ElSheemy, Kareem Daw, Enmar Habib, Waseem Aboulela, Hesham Fathy, Ahmed M Shouman, Mohamed El Ghoneimy, Ahmed I Shoukry, Hany A Morsi, Hesham Badawy
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes of the mini-percutaneous nephrolithotripsy technique and extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for lower calyceal and renal pelvic stones in preschool children. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2014, single renal pelvic or lower calyceal calculi 10-25 mm in size in children (age ≤6 years) treated by either extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (64 patients) or the mini-percutaneous nephrolithotripsy technique (54 patients) were included...
July 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"