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Zn AND Thyroid hormones

E S Barysheva
The effects of essential (I, Se, and Zn) and toxic (Pb and Cd) trace elements on the thyroid function were studied experimentally. The protective effects of iodine, zinc, and selenium on thyroid tissue and antithyroid effects of toxic trace elements promoting a decrease in the levels of thyroid hormones (T3 , T4 ) and imbalance of pituitary hormones (TSH) were detected. Addition of toxic trace elements to the ration of experimental rats led to their accumulation in the thyroid (0.051 μg/g Pb and 0.190 μg/g Cd)...
March 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Viridiana Alcántara-Alonso, Elena Alvarez-Salas, Gilberto Matamoros-Trejo, Patricia de Gortari
Individuals who consume a diet deficient in zinc (Zn-deficient) develop alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis function, i.e., a low metabolic rate and cold insensitivity. Although those disturbances are related to primary hypothyroidism, intrauterine or postnatal Zn-deficient adults have an increased thyrotropin (TSH) concentration, but unchanged thyroid hormone (TH) levels and decreased body weight. This does not support the view that the hypothyroidism develops due to a low Zn intake. In addition, intrauterine or postnatal Zn-deficiency in weaned and adult rats reduces the activity of pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase II (PPII) in the medial-basal hypothalamus (MBH)...
October 18, 2017: Nutrients
Sidra Hanif, Asim Ilyas, Munir H Shah
The present study is based on the measurement of concentrations of selected trace metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Mn, Ni, Cr, Cd and Pb) and thyroid hormones (TSH and T4 ) in blood serum of hypothyroid and hyperthyroid patients in comparison with healthy donors/controls in order to establish the imbalances of the trace metals in diseased subjects. The serum samples were digested in HNO3 -HClO4 mixture and quantification of the metals was performed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Average levels of Fe, Ni, Cu, Cr, Pb and TSH were found to be significantly higher (p < 0...
May 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Shunsuke Suzuki, Kentaro Kasai, Norihito Nishiyama, Akinori Ishihara, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Transthyretin (TTR) is a vertebrate-specific protein involved in thyroid hormone distribution in plasma, and its gene is thought to have emerged by gene duplication from the gene for the ancient TTR-related protein, 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolase, at some early stage of chordate evolution. We investigated the molecular and hormone-binding properties of the brown hagfish Paramyxine atami TTR. The amino acid sequence deduced from the cloned hagfish TTR cDNA shared 33-50% identities with those of other vertebrate TTRs but less than 24% identities with those of vertebrate and deuterostome invertebrate 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolases...
August 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Anatoly V Skalny, Lydmila L Klimenko, Aliya A Turna, Maria N Budanova, Ivan S Baskakov, Marina S Savostina, Aksana N Mazilina, Anatoly I Deyev, Margarita G Skalnaya, Alexey A Tinkov
The objective of the present study was to assess hormonal and trace element status in men suffering from acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: 21 acute ischemic stroke patients and 21 age- and body mass index-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. Serum trace elements were assessed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Serum hormones and brain damage markers were estimated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Ischemic stroke patients are characterized by significantly higher levels of total and free triiodothyronine (T3), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (Anti-TPO-Ab), prolactin, and cortisol, whereas the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was decreased...
September 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Abdulkerim Kasım Baltaci, Rasim Mogulkoc
Since zinc mediates the effects of many hormones or is found in the structure of numerous hormone receptors, zinc deficiency leads to various functional impairments in the hormone balance. And also thyroid hormones have important activity on metabolism and feeding. NPY and leptin are affective on food intake and regulation of appetite. The present study is conducted to determine how zinc supplementation and deficiency affect thyroid hormones (free and total T3 and T4), melatonin, leptin, and NPY levels in thyroid dysfunction in rats...
June 2017: Biochemical Genetics
Halina Falfushynska, Lesya Gnatyshyna, Olga Fedoruk, Inna M Sokolova, Oksana Stoliar
Metal-containing materials are extensively used in industry, personal care products and medicine, and their release in the environment causes concern for the potential impacts on aquatic organisms. We assessed endocrine disrupting potential of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-based nanoparticles (Me-PSs) containing cobalt (Co(2+)) or zinc (Zn(2+)), using the marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus as a model. Adult males were exposed for 14 days to waterborne Co(2+) (50μg/L), Zn(2+) (100μg/L) or corresponding concentrations of Co-PS, Zn-PS, or parental polymeric compound (PS)...
January 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Nik Veldhoen, Mitchel R Stevenson, Caren C Helbing
Postembryonic frog development requires a thyroid hormone (TH)-dependent metamorphic transition from an aquatic larva to a terrestrial frog. Such change in environment involves lung maturation in preparation for breathing air. However, little is known regarding the underlying molecular events and the role of THs in this process. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we evaluated Rana (Lithobates) catesbeiana lung mRNA transcripts representing key elements of TH and oxidative stress signaling pathways during natural and TH-induced precocious metamorphosis...
December 2015: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Sonja Y Hess, Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H Brown
The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of providing small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) on the I status of young Burkinabe children. In total, thirty-four communities were assigned to intervention (IC) or non-intervention cohorts (NIC). IC children were randomly assigned to receive 20 g lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)/d containing 90 µg I with 0 or 10 mg Zn from 9 to 18 months of age, and NIC children received no SQ-LNS. All the children were exposed to iodised salt through the national salt iodization programme...
December 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
Elena Alvarez-Salas, Viridiana Alcántara-Alonso, Gilberto Matamoros-Trejo, Miguel Angel Vargas, Marcela Morales-Mulia, Patricia de Gortari
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) synthesized in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus directs hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis function, regulating thyrotropin release from adenohypophysis and thyroid hormones serum concentration. Pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase II (PPII), a Zn-dependent metallopeptidase located in adenohypophysis and medial-basal-hypothalamus degrades TRH released from the median eminence and participates in HPT axis function by regulating TRH-induced thyrotropin release from adenohypophysis...
November 2015: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Marisol Soria, Miguel Anson, Jesús F Escanero
This study analyzes the relationship between hormonal changes induced by exercise and variations in trace elements associated with oxidative stress during incremental exercise. Nineteen well-trained endurance athletes performed a cycle ergometer test: after a warm-up of 10 min at 2.0 W kg(-1), workload increased by 0.5 W kg(-1) every 10 min until exhaustion. The analysis was controlled for prior diet and activity patterns, levels of exercise training, and time of day (circadian rhythms). Whole blood lactate concentration and plasma concentrations of ions (Zn, Se, Mn, and Co), insulin, glucagon, aldosterone, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), calcitonin, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured at rest; at the end of each stage; and 3, 5, and 7 min post-exercise...
March 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
I Kralova Lesna, J Rychlikova, L Vavrova, S Vybiral
The impact of repeated exposure to cold and cold adaptation on human cardiovascular health is not fully understood. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of cold adaptation on cardiovascular risk factors, thyroid hormones and the capacity of humans to reset the damaging effect of oxidative stress. Ten well cold-adapted winter swimmers (CA) and 16 non-adapted controls (CON) were enroled in this experiment to test whether cold adaptation could influence the parameters of lipoprotein metabolism, cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), homocysteine, thyroid hormones, antioxidant defence markers (reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), glutathione reductase (GR), catalase (CAT) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1)) and oxidative stress markers (concentration of conjugated dienes (CD))...
August 2015: Journal of Thermal Biology
Shunsuke Suzuki, Kentaro Kasai, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Transthyretin (TTR) diverged from an ancestral 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolase (HIUHase) by gene duplication at some early stage of chordate evolution. To clarify how TTR had participated in the thyroid system as an extracellular thyroid hormone (TH) binding protein, TH binding properties of recombinant little skate Leucoraja erinacea TTR was investigated. At the amino acid level, skate TTR showed 37-46% identities with the other vertebrate TTRs. Because the skate TTR had a unique histidine-rich segment in the N-terminal region, it could be purified by Ni-affinity chromatography...
June 2015: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Ram B Jain, Y Sammy Choi
Interacting effects of blood levels of manganese (Mn), selenium, cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury, and serum levels of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) on thyroid function in general US population were evaluated. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2011-2012 were used for this evaluation. The variables used to evaluate thyroid function were as follows: thyroid-stimulating hormone, free and total triiodothyronine (FT3, TT3), free and total thyroxine (FT4, TT4), and thyroglobulin (Tg)...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Salma Mahmoodianfard, Mohammadreza Vafa, Fatemeh Golgiri, Mohsen Khoshniat, Mahmoodreza Gohari, Zahra Solati, Mahmood Djalali
OBJECTIVE: Zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) are essential trace elements involved in thyroid hormone metabolism. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Zn and Se supplementation on thyroid function of overweight or obese female hypothyroid patients in a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty-eight female hypothyroid patients were randomly allocated to one of the 4 supplementation groups receiving Zn + Se (ZS; 30 mg Zn as zinc-gluconate and 200 μg Se as high-selenium yeast), Zn + placebo (ZP), Se + placebo (SP), or placebo + placebo (PP) for 12 weeks...
2015: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Jian Li, Morui Li, Shujuan Ren, Chenglian Feng, Na Li
In the present study, yeast bioassays were used to evaluate and characterize the thyroid receptor (TR) disrupting activities of the organic extracts and elutriates of the sediments from the Guanting Reservoir, Beijing, China. An accelerated solvent extraction was used to separate the organic extracts, which were subjected to a yeast bioassay. The organic extracts could affect thyroid hormone signaling by decreasing the binding of the thyroid hormone. The TR antagonistic activity equivalents (TEQbio) referring to amiodarone hydrochloride were calculated and the observed TEQbio-organic extracts ranged from 25...
June 15, 2014: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ram B Jain
Association of the levels of serum selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) with thyroid function was assessed by analyzing data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the cycle 2011-2012. Thyroid function variables analyzed were as follows: thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free and total triiodothyronine (FT3, TT3), free and total thyroxine (FT4, TT4), and thyroglobulin (TGN). Regression models with log-transformed values of thyroid hormones as independent variables and age, race/ethnicity, smoking and iodine sufficiency status, respondents' education, and levels of Se, Zn, and Cu as dependent variables were fitted...
June 2014: Biological Trace Element Research
Atilla Cayir, Hakan Doneray, Nezahat Kurt, Zerrin Orbak, Avni Kaya, Mehmet Ibrahim Turan, Abdulkadir Yildirim
Obesity is a multifactorial disease developing following impairment of the energy balance. The endocrine system is known to be affected by the condition. Serum thyroid hormones and trace element levels have been shown to be affected in obese children. Changes in serum thyroid hormones may result from alterations occurring in serum trace element levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether or not changes in serum thyroid hormone levels in children with exogenous obesity are associated with changes in trace element levels...
February 2014: Biological Trace Element Research
Kentaro Kasai, Norihito Nishiyama, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Teleosts have highly diverged genomes that resulted from whole genome duplication, which leads to an extensive diversity of paralogous genes. Transthyretin (TTR), an extracellular thyroid hormone (TH) binding protein, is thought to have evolved from an ancestral 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolase (HIUHase) by gene duplication at some stage of chordate evolution. To characterize the functions of proteins that arose from duplicated genes in teleosts, we investigated the phylogenetic relationship of teleost HIUHase and TTR aa sequences, the expression levels of Oncorhynchus mykiss HIUHase and TTR mRNA in various tissues and the biological activities of the O...
December 1, 2013: Gene
Xiao-fei Liu, Li-ming Zhang, Ziwei Zhang, Ning Liu, Shi-wen Xu, Hong-jin Lin
Manganese (Mn) is an essential element required for normal development and reproduction. However, little is known about the reproductive toxicity of Mn in birds. To investigate the Mn-induced toxicity on testicular trace element levels and crucial hormonal parameters on male reproduction in birds, 50-day-old male Hyline cocks were fed either a commercial diet or a Mn-supplemented diet. The changes in contents of copper (Cu), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and calcium (Ca) in testis were detected. Hormonal parameters were evaluated including the levels of testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) in the serum...
February 2013: Biological Trace Element Research
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