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Zn AND Thyroid hormones

Halina Falfushynska, Lesya Gnatyshyna, Olga Fedoruk, Inna M Sokolova, Oksana Stoliar
Metal-containing materials are extensively used in industry, personal care products and medicine, and their release in the environment causes concern for the potential impacts on aquatic organisms. We assessed endocrine disrupting potential of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-based nanoparticles (Me-PSs) containing cobalt (Co(2+)) or zinc (Zn(2+)), using the marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus as a model. Adult males were exposed for 14 days to waterborne Co(2+) (50μg/L), Zn(2+) (100μg/L) or corresponding concentrations of Co-PS, Zn-PS, or parental polymeric compound (PS)...
January 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Nik Veldhoen, Mitchel R Stevenson, Caren C Helbing
Postembryonic frog development requires a thyroid hormone (TH)-dependent metamorphic transition from an aquatic larva to a terrestrial frog. Such change in environment involves lung maturation in preparation for breathing air. However, little is known regarding the underlying molecular events and the role of THs in this process. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we evaluated Rana (Lithobates) catesbeiana lung mRNA transcripts representing key elements of TH and oxidative stress signaling pathways during natural and TH-induced precocious metamorphosis...
December 2015: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Sonja Y Hess, Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H Brown
The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of providing small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) on the I status of young Burkinabe children. In total, thirty-four communities were assigned to intervention (IC) or non-intervention cohorts (NIC). IC children were randomly assigned to receive 20 g lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)/d containing 90 µg I with 0 or 10 mg Zn from 9 to 18 months of age, and NIC children received no SQ-LNS. All the children were exposed to iodised salt through the national salt iodization programme...
December 14, 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
Elena Alvarez-Salas, Viridiana Alcántara-Alonso, Gilberto Matamoros-Trejo, Miguel Angel Vargas, Marcela Morales-Mulia, Patricia de Gortari
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) synthesized in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus directs hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis function, regulating thyrotropin release from adenohypophysis and thyroid hormones serum concentration. Pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase II (PPII), a Zn-dependent metallopeptidase located in adenohypophysis and medial-basal-hypothalamus degrades TRH released from the median eminence and participates in HPT axis function by regulating TRH-induced thyrotropin release from adenohypophysis...
November 2015: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Marisol Soria, Miguel Anson, Jesús F Escanero
This study analyzes the relationship between hormonal changes induced by exercise and variations in trace elements associated with oxidative stress during incremental exercise. Nineteen well-trained endurance athletes performed a cycle ergometer test: after a warm-up of 10 min at 2.0 W kg(-1), workload increased by 0.5 W kg(-1) every 10 min until exhaustion. The analysis was controlled for prior diet and activity patterns, levels of exercise training, and time of day (circadian rhythms). Whole blood lactate concentration and plasma concentrations of ions (Zn, Se, Mn, and Co), insulin, glucagon, aldosterone, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), calcitonin, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured at rest; at the end of each stage; and 3, 5, and 7 min post-exercise...
March 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
I Kralova Lesna, J Rychlikova, L Vavrova, S Vybiral
The impact of repeated exposure to cold and cold adaptation on human cardiovascular health is not fully understood. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of cold adaptation on cardiovascular risk factors, thyroid hormones and the capacity of humans to reset the damaging effect of oxidative stress. Ten well cold-adapted winter swimmers (CA) and 16 non-adapted controls (CON) were enroled in this experiment to test whether cold adaptation could influence the parameters of lipoprotein metabolism, cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), homocysteine, thyroid hormones, antioxidant defence markers (reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), glutathione reductase (GR), catalase (CAT) and paraoxonase 1 (PON1)) and oxidative stress markers (concentration of conjugated dienes (CD))...
August 2015: Journal of Thermal Biology
Shunsuke Suzuki, Kentaro Kasai, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Transthyretin (TTR) diverged from an ancestral 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolase (HIUHase) by gene duplication at some early stage of chordate evolution. To clarify how TTR had participated in the thyroid system as an extracellular thyroid hormone (TH) binding protein, TH binding properties of recombinant little skate Leucoraja erinacea TTR was investigated. At the amino acid level, skate TTR showed 37-46% identities with the other vertebrate TTRs. Because the skate TTR had a unique histidine-rich segment in the N-terminal region, it could be purified by Ni-affinity chromatography...
June 2015: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Ram B Jain, Y Sammy Choi
Interacting effects of blood levels of manganese (Mn), selenium, cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and mercury, and serum levels of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) on thyroid function in general US population were evaluated. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2011-2012 were used for this evaluation. The variables used to evaluate thyroid function were as follows: thyroid-stimulating hormone, free and total triiodothyronine (FT3, TT3), free and total thyroxine (FT4, TT4), and thyroglobulin (Tg)...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Salma Mahmoodianfard, Mohammadreza Vafa, Fatemeh Golgiri, Mohsen Khoshniat, Mahmoodreza Gohari, Zahra Solati, Mahmood Djalali
OBJECTIVE: Zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) are essential trace elements involved in thyroid hormone metabolism. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Zn and Se supplementation on thyroid function of overweight or obese female hypothyroid patients in a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty-eight female hypothyroid patients were randomly allocated to one of the 4 supplementation groups receiving Zn + Se (ZS; 30 mg Zn as zinc-gluconate and 200 μg Se as high-selenium yeast), Zn + placebo (ZP), Se + placebo (SP), or placebo + placebo (PP) for 12 weeks...
2015: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Jian Li, Morui Li, Shujuan Ren, Chenglian Feng, Na Li
In the present study, yeast bioassays were used to evaluate and characterize the thyroid receptor (TR) disrupting activities of the organic extracts and elutriates of the sediments from the Guanting Reservoir, Beijing, China. An accelerated solvent extraction was used to separate the organic extracts, which were subjected to a yeast bioassay. The organic extracts could affect thyroid hormone signaling by decreasing the binding of the thyroid hormone. The TR antagonistic activity equivalents (TEQbio) referring to amiodarone hydrochloride were calculated and the observed TEQbio-organic extracts ranged from 25...
June 15, 2014: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ram B Jain
Association of the levels of serum selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) with thyroid function was assessed by analyzing data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the cycle 2011-2012. Thyroid function variables analyzed were as follows: thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free and total triiodothyronine (FT3, TT3), free and total thyroxine (FT4, TT4), and thyroglobulin (TGN). Regression models with log-transformed values of thyroid hormones as independent variables and age, race/ethnicity, smoking and iodine sufficiency status, respondents' education, and levels of Se, Zn, and Cu as dependent variables were fitted...
June 2014: Biological Trace Element Research
Atilla Cayir, Hakan Doneray, Nezahat Kurt, Zerrin Orbak, Avni Kaya, Mehmet Ibrahim Turan, Abdulkadir Yildirim
Obesity is a multifactorial disease developing following impairment of the energy balance. The endocrine system is known to be affected by the condition. Serum thyroid hormones and trace element levels have been shown to be affected in obese children. Changes in serum thyroid hormones may result from alterations occurring in serum trace element levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether or not changes in serum thyroid hormone levels in children with exogenous obesity are associated with changes in trace element levels...
February 2014: Biological Trace Element Research
Kentaro Kasai, Norihito Nishiyama, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Teleosts have highly diverged genomes that resulted from whole genome duplication, which leads to an extensive diversity of paralogous genes. Transthyretin (TTR), an extracellular thyroid hormone (TH) binding protein, is thought to have evolved from an ancestral 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolase (HIUHase) by gene duplication at some stage of chordate evolution. To characterize the functions of proteins that arose from duplicated genes in teleosts, we investigated the phylogenetic relationship of teleost HIUHase and TTR aa sequences, the expression levels of Oncorhynchus mykiss HIUHase and TTR mRNA in various tissues and the biological activities of the O...
December 1, 2013: Gene
Xiao-fei Liu, Li-ming Zhang, Ziwei Zhang, Ning Liu, Shi-wen Xu, Hong-jin Lin
Manganese (Mn) is an essential element required for normal development and reproduction. However, little is known about the reproductive toxicity of Mn in birds. To investigate the Mn-induced toxicity on testicular trace element levels and crucial hormonal parameters on male reproduction in birds, 50-day-old male Hyline cocks were fed either a commercial diet or a Mn-supplemented diet. The changes in contents of copper (Cu), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and calcium (Ca) in testis were detected. Hormonal parameters were evaluated including the levels of testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) in the serum...
February 2013: Biological Trace Element Research
Hakan Doneray, Ilknur Surucu Kara, Akar Karakoc, Huseyin Tan, Zerrin Orbak
Valproic acid (VPA) may affect thyroid hormone profile, causing alteration in serum trace elements concentrations. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate this relationship in children receiving VPA monotherapy for a period up to 6 months. Serum thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroglobuline (TG), selenium (Se), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) levels were evaluated at baseline and at the 6th month in all the patients and in the control group...
October 2012: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Luca Todini, Elisabetta Salimei, Alessandro Malfatti, Stefano Ferraro, Francesco Fantuz
The traditional utilization of donkeys (Equus asinus) as dairy animals has recently attracted substantial scientific interest with regard to human nutrition. Donkey milk is well tolerated by infants with cows' milk allergy, useful in the treatment of human immune-related diseases, in the prevention of atherosclerosis, and in-vitro studies showed an anti-proliferative effect. Active 3-3'-5-triiodothyronine (T3) in colostrum and milk could play different physiological roles, systemic and paracrine, for both the mother and the suckling offspring...
May 2012: Journal of Dairy Research
Qimeng Li, Christiane Mair, Karl Schedle, Isabella Hellmayr, Wilhelm Windisch
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of high dietary iodine supply and different iodine sources on thyroid status and oxidative stress in target tissues of the thyroid hormones in fattening pigs. METHODS: Eighty castrates (body weight: 33.3 ± 0.4 kg) were randomly allotted into five different treatments: The control diet contained 150 μg I/kg as KI, the other feeding groups were supplemented with 4,000 μg I/kg (as KI and KIO(3)) and 10,000 μg I/kg (as KI and KIO(3)), respectively...
February 2013: European Journal of Nutrition
Vishal Mudgal, Anil Kumar Garg, Ram Sharan Dass, Vijay Prakash Varshney
Twenty male buffalo calves (15 months, 200.2 ± 9.75) were divided into four groups of five animals in each and fed diets without (T1) or supplemented with 0.3 ppm selenium (Se) + 40 ppm zinc (Zn) (T2), 0.3 ppm Se + 40 ppm Zn + 10 ppm copper (Cu) (T3), and 40 ppm Zn + 10 ppm Cu (T4) for 120 days, during which blood samples were collected on days 0, 40, 80, and 120. Concentrations of glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, uric acid, and creatinine were similar in all the four groups...
March 2012: Biological Trace Element Research
Kenji Ohba, Shigekazu Sasaki, Akio Matsushita, Hiroyuki Iwaki, Hideyuki Matsunaga, Shingo Suzuki, Keiko Ishizuka, Hiroko Misawa, Yutaka Oki, Hirotoshi Nakamura
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) activates not only the secretion of thyrotropin (TSH) but also the transcription of TSHβ and α-glycoprotein (αGSU) subunit genes. TSHβ expression is maintained by two transcription factors, Pit1 and GATA2, and is negatively regulated by thyroid hormone (T3). Our prior studies suggest that the main activator of the TSHβ gene is GATA2, not Pit1 or unliganded T3 receptor (TR). In previous studies on the mechanism of TRH-induced activation of the TSHβ gene, the involvements of Pit1 and TR have been investigated, but the role of GATA2 has not been clarified...
2011: PloS One
Moumita Maiti, Kamalika Sen, Souvik Sen, Susanta Lahiri
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a peptide hormone, whose one of the structural subunits is identical to that of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). As a consequence, the receptors of TSH also act as receptor for hCG hormone. Keeping in mind this interesting property of hCG we have studied the complex formation ability of various no-carrier-added β-emitting isotopes of (61)Cu (3.3 h), (62)Zn (9.2 h), (90)Nb (14.60 h) and (99)Mo (66.02 h) with hCG molecule. Stability of the hCG-M (M=metal ions) complexes was investigated by dialysis with respect to triple distilled water and ringer lactate solution, which has the same composition as extracellular fluid...
February 2011: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
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