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Dilip Kumar Maity, Kenichi Otake, Saheli Ghosh, Hiroshi Kitagawa, Debajyoti Ghoshal
Five sulfonic acid group functionalized mixed ligand coordination polymers (CPs), namely, {[Zn(bpeH)(5-sip)(H2O)]·(H2O)}n (1), {[Cu(pyz)(5-Hsip)(H2O)2]·(H2O)2}n (2), {[Cu(bpee)0.5(5-sip)(H2O)2]·(H2O)4(bpeeH2)0.5}n (3), {[Cu(bpy)(5-Hsip)(H2O)]·(H2O)2}n (4), and {[Cu(bpy)2(5-H2sip)2]·(H2O)6}n (5) [where sip(3-) = 5-sulfoisophthalate; bpe = 4,4'-bispyridylethane; pyz = pyrazine; bpee = 4,4'-bispyridylethylene; bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine], have been synthesized with varying different N,N'-donor linkers using slow diffusion techniques at room temperature...
January 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Nancy R Mudrick, Carrie Jefferson Smith
This commentary considers the intersection of mandatory reporting in health settings and the public child protection system's treatment of parents with disabilities. Its impetus is the August 2015 technical assistance document issued jointly by the U.S. departments of Justice (DOJ) and Health and Human Services (HHS) that affirms the applicability of the ADA and Section 504 to child protection system (CPS) processes. The DOJ/HHS document speaks to actions of state child protection agencies and courts, without addressing the first step, mandatory reporting...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Zhigang Xie, Lei Wang, Sisi Zhao, Xiaohua Zheng, Li Chen
Controllable synthesis of coordination polymers (CPs) Isomers and reveal the corresponding relationship of structures and properties remains an enormous challenge. Three new supramolecular isomers have been synthesized by tuning the poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) content in the feed. Those supramolecular isomers have the same framework formula of [Cu2I2(tppe)] and different architectures from the classical 2D stacking framework, to 3D entangled system with the co-existence of interpenetration and polycatenation, and 3D topological framework...
January 16, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Carol J Baker
Group B Streptococcus (GBS), characterized by Lancefield in 1933, was not recognized as a human pathogen until the early 1970s when it emerged and replaced Escherichia coli as the most common cause of sepsis and meningitis among neonates and young infants. This article briefly gives a personnel account of the discovery of clinical syndromes of GBS distinguished by age at onset, vertical mode of transmission for early-onset disease, meningeal tropism for GBS capsular (CPS) type III strains, and protective CPS epitopes...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Enming Cui, Wansheng Long, Liangping Luo, Maoqing Hu, Liebin Huang, Xiangmeng Chen
Background Insufficient enhancement of liver parenchyma negatively affects diagnostic accuracy of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Currently, there is no reliable method for predicting insufficient enhancement during the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) in Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Purpose To develop a predictor for insufficient enhancement of liver parenchyma during HBP in Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Material and Methods In order to formulate a HBP enhancement test (HBP-ET), clinical factors associated with relative enhancement ratio (RER) of liver parenchyma were retrospectively determined from the datasets of 156 patients (Development group) who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI between November 2012 and May 2015...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
Evelyn Herrmann, Diana Naehrig, Manfred Sassowsky, Martin Bigler, Jeroen Buijsen, Ilja Ciernik, Daniel Zwahlen, Alessandra Franzetti Pellanda, Andreas Meister, Peter Brauchli, Simona Berardi, Erika Kuettel, Jean-François Dufour, Daniel M Aebersold
PURPOSE: To assess feasibility and safety of conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (cfRT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed stage cT1-4, cN0-1 HCC and Child-Pugh Score (CPS) A or B disease were included in a phase I multicenter trial. Metastatic HCC were allowed if ≥90% of total tumor volume was located within the liver. Patients were enrolled onto five dose-escalation levels (54-70Gy in 2Gy fractions) based on a modified 3 + 3 design, with cohorts of five patients instead of three patients in dose levels 4 and 5...
January 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology
Lea F Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese, Cornelia Betschart
BACKGROUND: Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between UI and the activities of daily living (ADL) hierarchy scale, the cognitive performance scale (CPS) and comorbid conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective analysis of 357 nursing homes in Switzerland was based on data of the Minimum Data Set of the Resident Assessment Instrument 2...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
Juan E Grunwald, Maxwell Pistilli, Ebenezer Daniel, Gui-Shuang Ying, Wei Pan, Glenn J Jaffe, Cynthia A Toth, Stephanie A Hagstrom, Maureen G Maguire, Daniel F Martin
PURPOSE: To estimate the incidence, size, and growth rate of geographic atrophy (GA) during 5 years of follow-up among participants in the Comparison of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials (CATT). DESIGN: Cohort within a clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included in CATT. METHODS: A total of 1185 CATT participants were randomly assigned to ranibizumab or bevacizumab treatment and to 3 treatment regimens...
January 2017: Ophthalmology
Fan Li, Yaqun Yuan, Pai Meng, Min Wu, Shuguang Li, Bo Chen
Organophosphorus (OPs) and carbamate pesticides (CPs) are among the most widely used pesticides in China, playing a major role in protecting agricultural commodities. In this study, we determined the cumulative acute exposure to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides of Shanghai residents from vegetables and fruits (VFs). The food consumption data were obtained from the Shanghai Food Consumption Survey (SHFCS) of 2012-2014 including a total of 1973 participants aged 2-90 years. The pesticide residue data were obtained from the Shanghai monitoring program during 2008-2011 with 34 organophosphates and 11 carbamates analyzed in a total of 5335 samples of VFs...
January 12, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Raquel Barquero, Hugo P Garcia, Monica G Incio, Pablo Minguez, Alexander Cardenas, Daniel Martínez, Michael Lassmann
A procedure to estimate the activity in target tissues in patients during the therapeutic administration of (131)I radiopharmaceutical treatment for thyroid conditions (hyperthyroidism and differentiated thyroid cancer) using a gamma camera (GC) with a high energy (HE) collimator, is proposed. Planar images are acquired for lesions of different sizes r, and at different distances d, in two HE GC systems. Defining a region of interest (ROI) on the image of size r, total counts n g are measured. Sensitivity S (cps MBq(-1)) in each acquisition is estimated as the product of the geometric G and the intrinsic efficiency η 0...
February 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Shin Kadota, Lil Pabon, Hans Reinecke, Charles E Murry
We hypothesized that the neonatal rat heart would bring transplanted human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) to maturity as it grows to adult size. In neonatal rat heart, engrafted hiPSC derivatives developed partially matured myofibrils after 3 months, with increasing cell size and sarcomere length. There was no difference between grafts from hiPSC-CMs or hiPSC-derived cardiac progenitors (hiPSC-CPs) at 3 months, nor was maturation influenced by infarction. Interestingly, the infarcted adult heart induced greater human cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and induction of cardiac troponin I expression than the neonatal heart...
November 22, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
Veronika Ostatná, Veronika Kasalová-Vargová, László Kékedy-Nagy, Hana Černocká, Elena E Ferapontova
Specific DNA-protein interactions are vital for cellular life maintenance processes, such as transcriptional regulation, chromosome maintenance, replication and DNA repair, and their monitoring gives valuable information on molecular-level organization of those processes. Here, we propose a new method of label-free electrochemical sensing of sequence specific binding between the lysozyme protein and a single stranded DNA aptamer specific for lysozyme (DNAapta) that exploits the constant current chronopotentiometric stripping (CPS) analysis at modified mercury electrodes...
December 23, 2016: Bioelectrochemistry
Leimeng Shi, Yuan Gao, Haijun Zhang, Ningbo Geng, Jiazhi Xu, Faqiang Zhan, Yuwen Ni, Xiaohong Hou, Jiping Chen
Levels and distribution of short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs and MCCPs) were measured in indoor dusts from malls in China. The concentrations of SCCPs and MCCPs in dustfalls from a building material mall ranged from 6.0 to 361.4 μg g(-1) and from 5.0 to 285.9 μg g(-1), respectively. Much heavier contamination was found in central air conditioner filter (CACF) dusts from a newly opened shopping mall, with SCCP concentrations of 114.7-707.0 μg g(-1) and MCCP concentrations of 89.0-1082...
January 2, 2017: Chemosphere
Ruth Prieto, José M Pascual
Norman McOmish Dott (1897-1973) developed surgical neurology in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was a scholar of worldwide renown. One of Dott's most notable contributions to neurosurgery was his understanding of hypothalamic physiology, mostly acquired through the comprehensive study of patients with lesions involving this region of the diencephalon, particularly craniopharyngiomas (CPs). Recognition of symptoms caused by hypothalamic disturbances allowed him to predict the accurate anatomical relationships between CPs and the hypothalamus, despite the rudimentary radiological methods available during the 1930s...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Boya Zhang, Bu Zhao, Chun Xu, Jianbo Zhang
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are used as flame retardants, plasticizers, and metalworking fluids, which have varying contents of toxic short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs). Based on the study of several relevant production and consumption sectors, this paper classifies the consumption of CPs among sectors and provides an emission inventory and the provincial emission distribution of SCCPs in China in 2010-2014 based on the consumption patterns and emission factors of each sector. The total emissions of SCCPs in China in 2014 were 3083...
January 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Soumyadipta Rakshit, Satya Priya Moulik, Subhash Chandra Bhattacharya
Gold Nanomaterials (GNMs) interact with fluorophores via electromagnetic coupling under excitation. In this particular work we carried out (to the best of our knowledge for the first time) a comprehensive study of systematic quenching of a blue emitter 2-Anthracene Sulfonate (2-AS) in the presence of gold nanoparticles of different size and shape. We synthesized gold nanomaterials of four different dimensions [nanoparticle (0D), nanorod (1D), nanotriangle (2D) and nanobipyramids (3D)] and realized the underlying effect on the emitting dipole in terms of steady and time resolved fluorescence...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
G Filardo, A Roffi, G Merli, T Marcacci, F Berti Ceroni, D Raboni, E Kon, M Marcacci
PURPOSE: Patient engagement in a patient-physician decision-making process has been correlated with satisfaction and clinical outcomes. Aim of this study is to evaluate if patient control preference may also influence TKA results. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-six patients (120w-56m, age 66 ± 9 years, BMI 28 ± 4) underwent TKA and were prospectively evaluated, before surgery and at 6 and 12 months. The preoperative assessment included the Control Preference Scale (CPS) and other scales measuring psychological aspects (STAI, BDI, TSK), as well as SF12 (physical and mental subscales) and the assessment of pain and function...
January 3, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
P Steca, L Pancani, F Cesana, F Fattirolli, C Giannattasio, A Greco, M D'Addario, D Monzani, E R Cappelletti, M E Magrin, M Miglioretti, M Sarini, M Scrignaro, L Vecchio, C Franzelli
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) is a key factor in cardiovascular disease prevention. Through the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), the present study investigated the process of change in PA in coronary patients (CPs) and hypertensive patients (HPs). DESIGN: Longitudinal survey study with two follow-up assessments at 6 and 12 months on 188 CPs and 169 HPs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intensity and frequency of PA. RESULTS: A multi-sample analysis indicated the equivalence of almost all the HAPA social cognitive patterns for both patient populations...
January 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
J Yue, R Hobbs, G Sgouros, E Frey
PURPOSE: Ra-223 therapy of prostate cancer bone metastases is being used to treat patients routinely. However, the absorbed dose distribution at the macroscopic and microscopic scales remains elusive, due to the inability to image the small activities injected. Accurate activity quantification through imaging is essential to calculate the absorbed dose in organs and sub-units in radiopharmaceutical therapy, enabling personalized absorbed dose-based treatment planning methodologies and more effective and optimal treatments...
June 2016: Medical Physics
C Lin, Y Tsai, H Lin, K Chuang, C Chiang
PURPOSE: To monitor the activity distribution and needle position during and after implantation in operating rooms. METHODS: Simulation studies were conducted to assess the feasibility of measurement activity distribution and seed localization using the DuPECT system. The system consists of a LaBr3-based probe and planar detection heads, a collimation system, and a coincidence circuit. The two heads can be manipulated independently. Simplified Yb-169 brachytherapy seeds were used...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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