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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#1
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922381/the-operation-of-a-research-and-development-r-d-program-and-its-significance-for-practice-change-in-community-pharmacy
#2
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacy practice in Australia is changing and Research and Development (R&D) in community pharmacy plays an important role in contributing to the changes. A range of Cognitive Pharmacy Services (CPS) were developed from R&D programs, yet their implementation has been minimal indicating slow practice change within community pharmacy. Given the vital role of R&D, little is known about the operation and the extent to which it has been effective in supporting practice change in community pharmacy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922133/aligning-event-logs-to-task-time-matrix-clinical-pathways-in-bpmn-for-variance-analysis
#3
Hui Yan, Pieter Van Gorp, Uzay Kaymak, Xudong Lu, Lei Ji, Choo Chiap Chiau, Hendriks H M Korsten, Huilong Duan
Clinical pathways (CPs) are popular healthcare management tools to standardise care and ensure quality. Analysing CP compliance levels and variances is known to be useful for training and CP redesign purposes. Flexible semantics of the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) language has been shown to be useful for the modeling and analysis of complex protocols. However, in practical cases one may want to exploit that CPs often have the form of Task-Time matrices. This paper presents a new method parsing complex BPMN models and aligning traces to the models heuristically...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917301/cysteine-protease-30-cp30-contributes-to-adhesion-and-cytopathogenicity-in-feline-tritrichomonas-foetus
#4
Emily N Gould, Richard Giannone, Stephen A Kania, M Katherine Tolbert
Tritrichomonas foetus (T. foetus) is a flagellated protozoan parasite that is recognized as a significant cause of diarrhea in domestic cats with a prevalence rate as high as 30%. No drugs have been shown to consistently eliminate T. foetus infection in all cats. Cysteine proteases (CPs) have been identified as mediators of T. foetus-induced adhesion-dependent cytotoxicity to the intestinal epithelium. These CPs represent novel targets for the treatment of feline trichomonosis. However, cats also produce CPs that are part of life-critical systems...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917187/trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-externalizing-psychopathology-among-maltreated-foster-care-youth-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-model
#5
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez, Jyda Pinder
Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how violence exposure (e.g. child maltreatment, witnessing community violence) influence both externalizing and Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children in foster care. Data from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (1999-2007) (NSCAW; National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002) were analyzed to investigate the change trajectories of both externalizing and PTS symptomatology among children with a substantiated report of child maltreatment by Child Protective Services (CPS) between October 1999 and December 2000...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916604/coronary-perforation-complicating-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-a-history-of-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-an-analysis-of-309-perforation-cases-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention-society-database
#6
Tim Kinnaird, Richard Anderson, Nick Ossei-Gerning, James Cockburn, Alex Sirker, Peter Ludman, Mark de Belder, Thomas W Johnson, Samuel Copt, Azfar Zaman, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: The evidence base for coronary perforation (CP) occurring during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with a history of coronary artery bypass surgery (PCI-CABG) is limited and the long-term effects unclear. Using a national PCI database, the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of CP during PCI-CABG were defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were analyzed on all PCI-CABG procedures performed in England and Wales between 2005 and 2013. Multivariate logistic regressions and propensity scores were used to identify predictors of CP and its association with outcomes...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915036/collagen-peptides-from-crucian-skin-improve-calcium-bioavailability-and-structure-characterization-by-hplc-esi-ms-ms
#7
Tao Hou, Yanshuang Liu, Danjun Guo, Bo Li, Hui He
The effects of collagen peptides (CPs), which are derived from crucian skin, were investigated in a retinoic acid-induced bone loss model. The serum bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) in model group (117.65±4.66 U/L) was significantly higher compared to other three groups (P<0.05). After treatment with 600 and 1200 mg/kg CPs, BALP decreased to 85.26±7.35 and 97.03±7.21 U/L, respectively. After treatment with 600 mg/kg CPs, bone calcium content significantly increased by 22% (femur) and 12.38% (tibia) compared to model group...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914063/identifying-the-interprofessional-agreement-between-community-pharmacists%C3%A2-and-general-practitioners%C3%A2-views-on-collaborative-practice-in-slovakia
#8
Ladislav Dubán, Tomáš Fazekaš, Magdaléna Fulmeková, Miroslava Snopková, Anna Oleárová, Magdaléna Kuželová
BACKGROUND: The collaboration of community pharmacists (CPs) and general practitioners (GPs) has a positive effect on healthcare outcomes. There are still many countries, where no efforts have been made to enhance this type of teamwork. There is no evidence of how GPs and CPs collaborate in Slovakia. The objective of this study is to identify the current level of GPs and CPs teamwork in Slovakia and to identify the key factors, where these professions agree. METHODS: Two parallel electronic surveys were prepared and sent out by e-mail to CPs and GPs in Slovakia...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913829/a-retrospective-examination-of-child-protection-involvement-among-young-adults-accessing-homelessness-services
#9
Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Bridgette Lery, Jonathan Hoonhout, Susanna Curry
Childhood maltreatment is associated with a variety of young adult adversities including homelessness. This study used linked administrative records to develop a population-level, epidemiological characterization of the child protection histories of young adults accessing homelessness services. The records of all 17- to 24-year-olds receiving homeless services between 2011 and 2014 in San Francisco County, California (n = 2241) were probabilistically linked to statewide child protective service (CPS) records...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913776/interactions-of-antisera-to-different-chlamydia-and-chlamydophila-species-with-the-ribosomal-protein-rps27a-correlate-with-impaired-protein-synthesis-in-a-human-choroid-plexus-papilloma-cell-line
#10
Abdullah Almamy, Christian Schwerk, Horst Schroten, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Abdul Rahman Asif, Bernhard Reuss
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and the Chlamydophila species (CS) Chlamydophila pneumoniae (CPn), and Chlamydophila psittaci (CPs) are suggested to induce autoantibodies causative of several human autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the present study was therefore to identify cellular protein interaction partners with antisera to CT (α-CT) or CS (α-CS) and to identify functional consequences of such interaction in vitro. As detected with a commercial first trimester human prenatal brain multiprotein array (hEXselect, Engine, Germany), the most frequent interaction partner with both α-CT and α-CS was the ribosomal small subunit protein RPS27a...
September 14, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910966/pneumococcal-23b-molecular-subtype-identified-using-whole-genome-sequencing
#11
Georgia Kapatai, Carmen L Sheppard, Lukas J Troxler, David J Litt, Julien Furrer, Markus Hilty, Norman K Fry
The polysaccharide capsule is a major virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae and the target of all currently licensed pneumococcal vaccines. At present, there are 92 serologically distinct pneumococcal serotypes. Structural and antigenic variation of capsular types is the result of genetic variation within the capsular polysaccharide synthesis (CPS) locus; however, genetic variation may not always result in phenotypic differences which produce novel serotypes. With the introduction of high throughput whole genome sequencing, discovery of novel genotypic variants is not unexpected and this study describes a novel variant of the serotype 23B CPS operon...
August 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906526/a-series-of-mg-zn-heterometallic-coordination-polymers-synthesis-characterization-and-fluorescence-sensing-for-fe-3-cs2-and-nitroaromatic-compounds
#12
Zhao-Feng Wu, Xiao-Ying Huang
Herein, the solvothermal preparations, crystal structures, and fluorescence properties of three Mg-Zn heterometallic coordination polymers (CPs), i.e. [Mg2Zn2(OH)2(1,4-NDC)3(H2O)2]·6H2O (1), [Mg1.13Zn1.87(1,4-NDC)3(dppe)(CH3OH)] (2), and [Mg1.17Zn1.83(1,4-NDC)3(py)2]·1.5py (3), based on the mixed ligands of 1,4-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid (1,4-H2NDC) and N-containing ligands of 1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane (dppe) or pyridine (py) are presented. In the title compounds, Zn and Mg are statistically distributed, as confirmed by single crystal analysis, and the ratios of Zn and Mg have been identified by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) measurements...
September 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906520/strontium-coordination-polymers-based-on-tetrafluorophthalic-and-phthalic-acids-mechanochemical-synthesis-ab-initio-structures-determination-and-spectroscopic-characterization
#13
Abdal-Azim Al-Terkawi, Gudrun Scholz, Franziska Emmerling, Erhard Kemnitz
Two strontium-based dicarboxylate systems [Sr(oBDC-F4)(H2O)2] (1) and [{Sr(oBDC)(H2O)2}·H2O] (2) were synthesized mechanochemically via milling of Sr(OH)2·8H2O with tetrafluorophthalic acid (H2oBDC-F4) or phthalic acid (H2oBDC), respectively. The new structures were determined ab initio from the powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) data. Both compounds 1 and 2 crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/c as two-dimensional coordination polymers (2D-CPs). The determined structures were validated by extended X-ray absorption (EXAFS) data...
September 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903777/modest-heterologous-protection-after-plasmodium-falciparum-sporozoite-immunization-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Jona Walk, Isaie J Reuling, Marije C Behet, Lisette Meerstein-Kessel, Wouter Graumans, Geert-Jan van Gemert, Rianne Siebelink-Stoter, Marga van de Vegte-Bolmer, Thorsten Janssen, Karina Teelen, Johannes H W de Wilt, Quirijn de Mast, André J van der Ven, Ernest Diez Benavente, Susana Campino, Taane G Clark, Martijn A Huynen, Cornelus C Hermsen, Else M Bijker, Anja Scholzen, Robert W Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: A highly efficacious vaccine is needed for malaria control and eradication. Immunization with Plasmodium falciparum NF54 parasites under chemoprophylaxis (chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite (CPS)-immunization) induces the most efficient long-lasting protection against a homologous parasite. However, parasite genetic diversity is a major hurdle for protection against heterologous strains. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial in 39 healthy participants of NF54-CPS immunization by bites of 45 NF54-infected (n = 24 volunteers) or uninfected mosquitoes (placebo; n = 15 volunteers) against a controlled human malaria infection with the homologous NF54 or the genetically distinct NF135...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892609/molecular-engineering-of-conjugated-polymers-for-biocompatible-organic-nanoparticles-with-highly-efficient-photoacoustic-and-photothermal-performance-in-cancer-theranostics
#15
Bing Guo, Zonghai Sheng, Dehong Hu, Anran Li, Shidang Xu, Purnima Naresh Manghnani, Chengbo Liu, Lin Guo, Hairong Zheng, Bin Liu
Conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CP NPs) are emerging candidates of "all-in-one" theranostic nanoplatforms with dual photoacoustic imaging (PA) and photothermal therapy (PTT) functions. So far, very limited molecular design guidelines have been developed for achieving CPs with highly efficient PA and PTT performance. Herein, by designing CP1, CP2, and CP3 using different electron acceptors (A) and a planar electron donor (D), we demonstrate how the D-A strength affects their absorption, emission, extinction coefficient, and ultimately PA and PTT performance...
September 18, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886933/characterization-of-actinobacillus-pleuropneumoniae-field-strains-antigenically-related-to-the-3-6-8-15-group-from-diseased-pigs-in-japan-and-argentina
#16
Ho To, Kaho Teshima, Shinya Nagai, Gustavo C Zielinski, Tomohiro Koyama, Jina Lee, Fernando A Bessone, Tetsuji Nagano, Atsushi Oshima, Nobuyuki Tsutsumi
The objectives of this study were to determine the serovar of a collection of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae strains within the 3-6-8-15 cross-reacting group and to analyze their phenotypic and genetic properties. Based on the serological tests, forty-seven field strains of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae isolated from lungs with pleuropneumonia lesions in Japan and Argentina were found to be serovars belonging to the 3-6-8-15 cross-reacting group. By using a capsule loci-based PCR, twenty-nine (96.7%) and one (3...
September 5, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886601/ambient-air-pollution-and-cancer-mortality-in-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii
#17
Michelle C Turner, Daniel Krewski, W Ryan Diver, C Arden Pope, Richard T Burnett, Michael Jerrett, Julian D Marshall, Susan M Gapstur
BACKGROUND: The International Agency for Research on Cancer classified both outdoor air pollution and airborne particulate matter as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) for lung cancer. There may be associations with cancer at other sites; however, the epidemiological evidence is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether ambient air pollution is associated with specific types of cancer other than lung cancer by examining associations of ambient air pollution with nonlung cancer death in the Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II)...
August 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885602/network-location-aware-service-recommendation-with-random-walk-in-cyber-physical-systems
#18
Yuyu Yin, Fangzheng Yu, Yueshen Xu, Lifeng Yu, Jinglong Mu
Cyber-physical systems (CPS) have received much attention from both academia and industry. An increasing number of functions in CPS are provided in the way of services, which gives rise to an urgent task, that is, how to recommend the suitable services in a huge number of available services in CPS. In traditional service recommendation, collaborative filtering (CF) has been studied in academia, and used in industry. However, there exist several defects that limit the application of CF-based methods in CPS. One is that under the case of high data sparsity, CF-based methods are likely to generate inaccurate prediction results...
September 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884832/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-caregiver-preparedness-scale-in-caregivers-of-adults-with-heart-failure
#19
Antonio Petruzzo, Marco Paturzo, Harleah G Buck, Claudio Barbaranelli, Fabio D'Agostino, Davide Ausili, Rosaria Alvaro, Ercole Vellone
Well-prepared informal caregivers play an important role in heart failure (HF) care, so an instrument to evaluate their preparedness to care is important. To date, HF caregiver preparedness has been rarely investigated quantitatively. The Caregiver Preparedness Scale (CPS) has been used in other chronic condition populations, but its psychometric characteristics have never been tested in HF caregivers. The purpose of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the 8-item CPS in HF caregivers. In a convenience sample of 317 HF caregivers (72...
October 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883426/bioaccumulation-and-biomagnification-of-short-and-medium-chain-polychlorinated-paraffins-in-different-species-of-fish-from-liaodong-bay-north-china
#20
Huiting Huang, Lirong Gao, Dan Xia, Lin Qiao
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are highly complex technical mixtures, and the short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are classed as persistent and have been included in the Stockholm Convention. However, there have been few studies of SCCPs and medium chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) and their bioaccumulation and biomagnification in different species of fish. The present study investigated the levels, congener group profiles, bioaccumulation, and biomagnification of SCCPs and MCCPs in different species of fish from Liaodong Bay, North China...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
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