keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CPs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646525/preliminary-characterization-of-putative-structural-cuticular-proteins-in-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-sinensis
#1
Dan Zhou, Baiyun Duan, Yan Sun, Lei Ma, Changliang Zhu, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: The insect cuticle protects against environmental stresses such as insecticides, physical injury, dehydration and pathogenic microorganisms. Structural cuticular proteins (CPs) are the primary components, and are of interest for physiology-based pest management methods. Anopheles sinensis CPs are poorly characterised at present, therefore we performed whole genome sequence analysis and re-analysed available transcriptome data to identify potential insecticide resistance-associated CPs...
June 23, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644061/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-choroid-plexus-aging
#2
Banu Alicioglu, Guliz Yilmaz, Ozgur Tosun, Nail Bulakbasi
Recent studies have pointed out dysfunction and histopathological changes of the choroid plexuses (CPs) with aging. This paper reviews apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the CPs for age-related changes. All the brain MR images of the patients between January 2013 and June 2014 in our Radiology Department were retrospectively investigated. Patients with major cranial abnormalities (brain tumors, hyperacute or acute ischemia, developmental anomalies, hemorrhage, hydrocephaly) were excluded. Diffusion-weighted images were obtained at the parameter values of b = 1000 s/mm(2) in the axial plane...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643226/capsular-polysaccharides-of-lactobacillus-spp-theoretical-and-practical-aspects-of-simple-visualization-methods
#3
Magdalena Oleksy, Elżbieta Klewicka
Lactobacillus strains can synthesize capsular polysaccharides (CPS), which are important substances in the dairy industry-they exhibit many important technological as well as health-promoting properties. Technological advancements have made it possible to detect bacterial capsules using costly and labor-intensive methods, such as serological reactions, molecular genetic techniques, and electron microscopy. Light microscopy, which is the method of interest in this paper, is one of the most widely accessible and cheapest techniques...
June 22, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642597/a-single-amino-acid-polymorphism-in-the-glycosyltransferase-cpsk-defines-four-streptococcus-suis-serotypes
#4
David Roy, Taryn B T Athey, Jean-Philippe Auger, Guillaume Goyette-Desjardins, Marie-Rose Van Calsteren, Daisuke Takamatsu, Masatoshi Okura, Sarah Teatero, Martín Alcorlo, Juan A Hermoso, Mariela Segura, Marcelo Gottschalk, Nahuel Fittipaldi
The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) is the major virulence factor of the emerging zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis. CPS differences are also the basis for serological differentiation of the species into 29 serotypes. Serotypes 2 and 1/2, which possess identical gene content in their cps loci, express CPSs that differ only by substitution of galactose (Gal) by N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) in the CPS side chain. The same sugar substitution differentiates the CPS of serotypes 14 and 1, whose cps loci are also identical in gene content...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642199/chemical-profile-and-anti-leishmanial-activity-of-three-ecuadorian-propolis-samples-from-quito-guayaquil-and-cotacachi-regions
#5
Osmany Cuesta-Rubio, Mercedes Campo Fernández, Ingrid Márquez Hernández, Carmita Gladys Jaramillo Jaramillo, Victor Hugo González, Rodny Montes De Oca Porto, David Marrero Delange, Lianet Monzote Fidalgo, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Luca Campone, Luca Rastrelli
Three propolis samples were collected from different regions of Ecuador (Quito, Guayaquil and Cotacachi) and their methanolic extracts were prepared. Preliminary information supplied by TLC and NMR data, allowed us to define two main types of propolis: Cotacachi propoli sample (CPS), rich in flavonoids and Quito and Guayaquil samples (QPS and GPS) containing triterpenic alcohols and acetyl triterpenes as the main constituents. Two different approaches based on RP-HPLC preparative procedure and NMR structural determination (CPS) and GC-MS analysis (QPS and GPS) were successfully used for the chemical characterization of their major compounds...
June 19, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639383/longitudinal-associations-between-low-morning-cortisol-in-infancy-and-anger-dysregulation-in-early-childhood-in-a-cps-referred-sample
#6
Allison Frost, Caitlin Jelinek, Kristin Bernard, Teresa Lind, Mary Dozier
Children who experience early adversity are at increased risk for developing psychopathology, and dysfunction of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis is a possible mechanism conferring this risk. This study sought to characterize the association between morning cortisol during different developmental periods and deficits in children's emotion regulation, a core feature of many psychological disorders. Morning cortisol was collected at two time points (i.e., during infancy, M = 13.0 months old, and during early childhood, M = 36...
June 21, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634259/effectiveness-of-an-online-support-programme-supr-for-older-hearing-aid-users-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Janine Fj Meijerink, Marieke Pronk, Bernadette Paulissen, Birgit I Witte, Bregje van der Wouden, Vera Jansen, Sophia E Kramer
BACKGROUND: An educational SUpport PRogramme called SUPR has been developed for hearing aid users (HAUs) and their communication partners (CPs) offering care beyond hearing aid fitting. SUPR teaches its users communication strategies, hearing aid handling skills and personal adjustment to hearing impairment. METHODS/DESIGN: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, 70 Dutch hearing aid dispenser practices were randomised into hearing aid fitting (care as usual, 34 practices) and hearing aid fitting including SUPR (36 practices)...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633020/apoptosis-and-compensatory-proliferation-signaling-are-coupled-by-crki-containing-microvesicles
#8
Kajal H Gupta, Josef W Goldufsky, Stephen J Wood, Nicholas J Tardi, Gayathri S Moorthy, Douglas Z Gilbert, Janet P Zayas, Eunsil Hahm, Mehmet M Altintas, Jochen Reiser, Sasha H Shafikhani
Apoptosis has been implicated in compensatory proliferation signaling (CPS), whereby dying cells induce proliferation in neighboring cells as a means to restore homeostasis. The nature of signaling between apoptotic cells and their neighboring cells remains largely unknown. Here we show that a fraction of apoptotic cells produce and release CrkI-containing microvesicles (distinct from exosomes and apoptotic bodies), which induce proliferation in neighboring cells upon contact. We provide visual evidence of CPS by videomicroscopy...
June 19, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632382/manipulation-of-chain-conformation-for-optimum-charge-transport-pathway-in-conjugated-polymers
#9
Seolhee Jeon, Jung Hun Lee, Jai Il Park, Bonghyun Jo, Dong Ryeol Whang, Tae Kyu Ahn, Hui Joon Park, Sung Dong Kim, Wi Hyoung Lee, Bong-Gi Kim
Two different diketopyrrolopyrrole-based conjugated polymers (CPs) were designed and synthesized to investigate the effect of chain conformation on their molecular assembly. Conformation management was achieved by the incorporation of different linkers during polymerization. Using computational calculations and UV-vis absorption measurements, the resulting CPs were found to exhibit partly modulated chain geometry. Grazing incident X-ray diffraction experiment with a 2-dimensional detector revealed that PDPP-T having a planar chain conformation exhibited an edge-on type molecular arrangement, which evolved to a face-on type chain assembly when the planar geometry was altered to a slightly twisted one as in PDPP-BT...
June 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631707/-chondroprotectors-a-range-of-application-in-general-somatic-practice
#10
O A Shavlovskaya
Chondroprotectors (CP) are biological agents that contribute to the regeneration of the cartilage surfaces and articular capsule, participating in the metabolic processes of the articular cartilage. Progressive loss of hyaline cartilage and lower levels of chondroitin sulfate were observed in osteoarthritis (OA) at different sites, including dorsopathy. OA therapy is aimed at slowing disease progression, relieving pain symptoms, and reducing functional disorders. For this purpose, oral or injectable CPs (Chondroguard, Sustaguard) are prescribed...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630198/genome-evolution-to-penicillin-resistance-in-serotype-3-streptococcus-pneumoniae-by-capsular-switching
#11
Naoko Chiba, Somay Y Murayama, Miyuki Morozumi, Satoshi Iwata, Kimiko Ubukata
Streptococcus pneumoniae of serotype 3 was collected from cases of invasive pneumococcal disease (n = 124) throughout Japan from April 2010 to March 2013. A penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) isolate from an adult patient, KK0981 of serotype 3, was identified among these strains. Whole-genome analysis characterized this PRSP as a recombinant strain derived from PRSP of serotype 23F with the cps-locus (20.3 kb) replaced by that of a penicillin-susceptible strain of serotype 3.
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629417/use-of-mobile-and-cordless-phones-and-change-in-cognitive-function-a-prospective-cohort-analysis-of-australian-primary-school-children
#12
Chhavi Raj Bhatt, Geza Benke, Catherine L Smith, Mary Redmayne, Christina Dimitriadis, Anna Dalecki, Skye Macleod, Malcolm R Sim, Rodney J Croft, Rory Wolfe, Jordy Kaufman, Michael J Abramson
BACKGROUND: Some previous studies have suggested an association between children's use of mobile phones (MPs)/cordless phones (CPs) and development of cognitive function. We evaluated possible longitudinal associations between the use of MPs and CPs in a cohort of primary school children and effects on their cognitive function. METHODS: Data on children's socio-demographics, use of MPs and CPs, and cognitive function were collected at baseline (2010-2012) and follow-up (2012-2013)...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626461/neoglycoconjugate-of-tetrasaccharide-representing-one-repeating-unit-of-the-streptococcus-pneumoniae-type-14-capsular-polysaccharide-induces-the-production-of-opsonizing-igg1-antibodies-and-possesses-the-highest-protective-activity-as-compared-to-hexa-and-octasaccharide
#13
Ekaterina A Kurbatova, Nelli K Akhmatova, Elina A Akhmatova, Nadezhda B Egorova, Natalya E Yastrebova, Elena V Sukhova, Dmitriy V Yashunsky, Yury E Tsvetkov, Marina L Gening, Nikolay E Nifantiev
Identifying protective synthetic oligosaccharide (OS) epitopes of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsular polysaccharides (CPs) is an indispensable step in the development of third-generation carbohydrate pneumococcal vaccines. Synthetic tetra-, hexa-, and octasaccharide structurally related to CP of S. pneumoniae type 14 were coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA), adjuvanted with aluminum hydroxide, and tested for their immunogenicity in mice upon intraperitoneal prime-boost immunizations. Injections of the conjugates induced production of opsonizing anti-OS IgG1 antibodies (Abs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626280/children-s-executive-function-in-a-cps-involved-sample-effects-of-cumulative-adversity-and-specific-types-of-adversity
#14
Leslie E Roos, Hyoun K Kim, Simone Schnabler, Philip A Fisher
Prior research has identified the presence of executive function (EF) deficits in child protective service (CPS) involved (versus non-involved) children but minimal work has examined predictors that might explain individual differences within these CPS-involved children. Here, we sought to characterize EF in a large sample (N=694) of CPS-involved children and examine how specific adversities (physical abuse, neglect, caregiver domestic violence, and caregiver substance dependence) and cumulative adversity (at ages 0-3 and 3-6 years) predict EF (at approximately 5-6 years)...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622370/evaluation-of-the-performance-of-abbott-m2000-and-roche-cobas-ampliprep-cobas-taqman-assays-for-hiv-1-viral-load-determination-using-dried-blood-spots-and-dried-plasma-spots-in-kenya
#15
Clement Zeh, Kenneth Ndiege, Seth Inzaule, Rebecca Achieng, John Williamson, Joy Chih-Wei Chang, Dennis Ellenberger, John Nkengasong
BACKGROUND: Routine HIV viral load testing is not widely accessible in most resource-limited settings, including Kenya. To increase access to viral load testing, alternative sample types like dried blood spots (DBS), which overcome the logistic barriers associated with plasma separation and cold chain shipment need to be considered and evaluated. The current study evaluated matched dried blood spots (DBS) and dried plasma spots (DPS) against plasma using the Abbott M 2000 (Abbott) and Roche Cobas Ampliprep/Cobas TaqMan (CAP/CTM) quantitative viral load assays in western Kenya...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621347/nonlinear-optical-properties-upconversion-and-lasing-in-metal-organic-frameworks
#16
REVIEW
Raghavender Medishetty, Jan K Zaręba, David Mayer, Marek Samoć, Roland A Fischer
The building block modular approach that lies behind coordination polymers (CPs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) results not only in a plethora of materials that can be obtained but also in a vast array of material properties that could be aimed at. Optical properties appear to be particularly predetermined by the character of individual structural units and by the intricate interplay between them. Indeed, the "design principles" shaping the optical properties of these materials seem to be well explored for luminescence and second-harmonic generation (SHG) phenomena; these have been covered in numerous previous reviews...
June 16, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615470/identification-of-the-group-b-streptococcus-capsule-type-using-a-dual-phenotypic-genotypic-assay
#17
Areej Alhhazmi, Armaan Pandey, Gregory J Tyrrell
The Group B streptococcus (GBS) capsular polysaccharide (CPS) is an important virulence factor which is also used for GBS typing. There are 10 CPS types (Ia, Ib and II-IX). GBS that do not phenotypically type are considered non-typable. All genes required for CPS synthesis are found on the GBS cps operon, which contains a highly variable CPS-determining region (cpsG-cpsK).The objective of this study was development of an assay to detect sialic acid on the GBS cell surface followed by a genotypic PCR CPS typing assay...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611264/symptoms-of-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-apnea-in-liver-cirrhosis-patients
#18
Abdullah Enezi, Fares Al-Jahdali, Anwar Ahmed, Nahid Shirbini, Abdullah Harbi, Baharoon Salim, Yosra Ali, Aljumah Abdulrahman, Mohd Khan, Abdullah Khaleid, Al-Jahdali Hamdan
Background/propose. Sleep disturbance and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) have been reported in patients with hepatic cirrhosis with no hepatic encephalopathy (HE). The objective of this study was to evaluate daytime sleepiness and risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among liver cirrhosis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC)-Riyadh over a period of six months, using a structured questionnaire that investigated: 1) Sleep patterns and daytime sleepiness using the Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), and 2) The risk for sleep apnea using the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ)...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608332/analysis-of-the-uridylation-of-both-argonaute-bound-mirnas-and-5-cleavage-products-of-their-target-rnas-in-plants
#19
Guodong Ren, Xiaoyan Wang, Bin Yu
Uridylation (3' untemplated uridine addition) provides a mechanism to trigger the degradation of miRNAs and the 5' cleavage products (5' CP) that are produced from miRNA-directed ARGONAUTE (AGO) cleavage of target RNAs. We have recently shown that HEN1 SUPPRESSOR 1 (HESO1), a terminal uridylyltransferase, and its homolog UTP:RNA uridylyltransferase 1 (URT1) catalyze the uridylation of miRNAs and 5' CPs within the AGO complex in higher plants. In this chapter, we describe detailed protocols for analyzing 3' end uridylation of both AGO-bound miRNAs and 5' CP...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608057/cuticle-genes-cpcpr63-and-cpcpr47-may-confer-resistance-to-deltamethrin-in-culex-pipiens-pallens
#20
Xueli Sun, Juxin Guo, Wenyun Ye, Qin Guo, Yun Huang, Lei Ma, Dan Zhou, Bo Shen, Yan Sun, Changliang Zhu
Cuticular proteins (CPs) are implicated in insecticide resistance in mosquito populations. Here, we investigated the role of cuticular genes in regulation of insecticide resistance in Culex pipiens pallens. We identified two CpCPRs (CpCPR63 and CpCPR47) that exhibited higher transcript levels in pyrethroid-resistant strains than in susceptible strains. Mosquito mortality was increased after knockdown of CpCPR genes by dsRNA injection. The RNA interference experiment suggested an interaction between CpCPR63 and CpCPR47, as silencing of one gene resulted in decreased expression of the other...
June 12, 2017: Parasitology Research
keyword
keyword
87199
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"