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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933264/heterophonic-speech-recognition-using-composite-phones
#1
Ashraf Alkhairy, Afshan Jafri
Heterophones pose challenges during training of automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems because they involve ambiguity in the pronunciation of an orthographic representation of a word. Heterophones are words that have the same spelling but different pronunciations. This paper addresses the problem of heterophonic languages by developing the concept of a Composite Phoneme (CP) as a basic pronunciation unit for speech recognition. A CP is a set of alternative sequences of phonemes. CP's are developed specifically in the context of Arabic by defining phonetic units that are consonant centric and absorb phonemically contrastive short vowels and gemination, not represented in the Arabic Modern Orthography (MO)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931268/an-epidemiological-analysis-of-equine-welfare-data-from-regulatory-inspections-by-the-official-competent-authorities
#2
P L Hitchens, J Hultgren, J Frössling, U Emanuelson, L J Keeling
Determining welfare status in a population is the first step in efforts to improve welfare. The primary objective of this study was to explore a new epidemiological approach for analysis of data from official competent authorities that pertain to compliance with animal welfare legislation. We reviewed data already routinely collected as part of Swedish official animal welfare inspections for 2010-13, using a checklist containing 45 checkpoints (CPs). These covered animal-, resource- and management-based measures of equine welfare...
December 9, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930564/effects-of-intraoperative-dexmedetomidine-with-intravenous-anesthesia-on-postoperative-emergence-agitation-delirium-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-tonsillectomy-with-or-without-adenoidectomy-a-consort-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Jun-Li Cao, Yu-Ping Pei, Jing-Qiu Wei, Yue-Ying Zhang
Postoperative emergence agitation/delirium (POED) is a common complication in pediatric surgery patients, which increases the risk of developing postoperative airway obstruction and respiratory depression. This study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of intraoperative infusion of dexmedetomidine (DEX) and its effects on POED in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy.Sixty patients scheduled for tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy, aged 2 to 8 years, were randomly allocated into 2 groups (n = 30)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929494/the-dosimetric-impact-of-control-point-spacing-for-sliding-gap-mlc-fields
#4
Benjamin J Zwan, Jonathan Hindmarsh, Erin Seymour, Kankean Kandasamy, Kirbie Sloan, Rajesakar David, Christopher Lee
Dynamic sliding gap multileaf collimator (MLC) fields are used to model MLC properties within the treatment planning system (TPS) for dynamic treatments. One of the key MLC properties in the Eclipse TPS is the dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) and precise determination of this parameter is paramount to ensuring accurate dose delivery. In this investigation, we report on how the spacing between control points (CPs) for sliding gap fields impacts the dose delivery, MLC positioning accuracy, and measurement of the DLG...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923189/sensitive-immunoassay-based-detection-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-using-capture-and-labeling-particles-in-a-stationary-liquid-phase-lab-on-a-chip
#5
Byunghee Park, Suk-Jung Choi
In the present study, a method was developed for detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus based on a stationary liquid phase lab-on-a-chip (SLP LOC). The present SLP LOC comprises a sample chamber, washing chamber, and detection chamber connected by two channels. The method utilizes two types of particles: capture particles (CPs), which are magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with antibody; and labeling particles (LPs), which are silica nanoparticles functionalized with horseradish peroxidase and antibody. Samples were added to the sample chamber with CPs and LPs, forming a CP-bacteria-LP complex, and the complex was transported to the detection chamber containing chromogenic substrate solution...
December 1, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920760/prevalence-of-the-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-coagulase-positive-and-negative-staphylococcus-in-chicken-meat-retailed-to-consumers
#6
Kamelia Osman, Jihan Badr, Khalid S Al-Maary, Ihab M I Moussa, Ashgan M Hessain, Zeinab M S Amin Girah, Usama H Abo-Shama, Ahmed Orabi, Aalaa Saad
The use of antibiotics in farm management (growing crops and raising animals) has become a major area of concern. Its implications is the consequent emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and accordingly their access into the human food chain with passage of antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) to the normal human intestinal microbiota and hence to other pathogenic bacteria causative human disease. Therefore, we pursued in this study to unravel the frequency and the quinolone resistance determining region, mecA and cfr genes of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), methicillin-resistant S...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918056/proton-conducting-crystalline-porous-materials
#7
REVIEW
Xing Meng, Hai-Ning Wang, Shu-Yan Song, Hong-Jie Zhang
Crystalline porous materials are currently a hot research topic in the field of proton-conducting materials. Crystalline porous materials include metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), coordination polymers (CPs), polyoxometalates (POMs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs). The designable structures and high surface areas of these materials provide great opportunities to orderly accommodate proton carriers and to systemically modify the concentration and mobility of proton carriers in available spaces. Based on the understanding of the relationship between the structure and proton conductivity, controllable synthesis of porous materials with high proton conductivity will gradually be achieved...
December 5, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917853/treatment-of-posttraumatic-epilepsy-with-new-generation-antiepileptic-drugs-aeds-our-experience
#8
Lidija Šapina, Marija Ratković
Aim To investigate influence of therapy with new generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in fastening of posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) remission comparing to therapy with standard AEDs, as well as the time to remission in the presence of psychiatric comorbidities. Methods The study was conducted during the 1988-2008 period and included 113 patients (47 females and 67 males) with PTE and 113 patients (93 females and 20 males) suffering from complex partial seizures (CPS) of temporal lobe origin. In both patient groups, epileptic seizure phenotype, brain magnetic resonance imaging (1...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914238/intergenerational-transmission-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-do-maltreatment-type-perpetrator-and-substantiation-status-matter
#9
Jessica Dym Bartlett, Chie Kotake, Rebecca Fauth, M Ann Easterbrooks
A maternal history of childhood maltreatment is thought to be a potent risk factor for child abuse and neglect, yet the extent of continuity across generations is unclear, with studies reporting vastly different rates of intergenerational transmission. Disparate findings may be due to lack of attention to the nature of maltreatment experiences in each generation. We sought to expand the current literature by examining the role of maltreatment type, perpetrator identity, and substantiation status of reports to child protective services (CPS) on intergenerational maltreatment among adolescent mothers (n=417) and their children...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910576/measurement-of-local-internal-magnetic-fluctuations-via-cross-polarization-scattering-in-the-diii-d-tokamak-invited
#10
K Barada, T L Rhodes, N A Crocker, W A Peebles
We present new measurements of internal magnetic fluctuations obtained with a novel eight channel cross polarization scattering (CPS) system installed on the DIII-D tokamak. Measurements of internal, localized magnetic fluctuations provide a window on an important physics quantity that we heretofore have had little information on. Importantly, these measurements provide a new ability to challenge and test linear and nonlinear simulations and basic theory. The CPS method, based upon the scattering of an incident microwave beam into the opposite polarization by magnetic fluctuations, has been significantly extended and improved over the method as originally developed on the Tore Supra tokamak...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910380/simultaneous-measurement-of-magnetic-and-density-fluctuations-via-cross-polarization-scattering-and-doppler-backscattering-on-the-diii-d-tokamak
#11
T L Rhodes, K Barada, W A Peebles, N A Crocker
An upgraded cross-polarization scattering (CPS) system for the simultaneous measurement of internal magnetic fluctuations B̃ and density fluctuations ñ is presented. The system has eight radial quadrature channels acquired simultaneously with an eight-channel Doppler backscattering system (measures density fluctuations ñ and flows). 3-D ray tracing calculations based on the GENRAY ray tracing code are used to illustrate the scattering and geometric considerations involved in the CPS implementation on DIII-D...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906374/highly-bright-photon-pair-generation-in-doppler-broadened-ladder-type-atomic-system
#12
Yoon-Seok Lee, Sang Min Lee, Heonoh Kim, Han Seb Moon
We report a bright photon-pair source with a coincidence counting rate per input power (cps/mW) of tens of thousands, obtained via spontaneous four-wave mixing from a Doppler-broadened atomic ensemble of the 5S<sub>1/2</sub>-5P<sub>3/2</sub>-5D<sub>5/2</sub> transition of <sup>87</sup>Rb. The photon-pair generation rate is enhanced by the two-photon coherence contributions from almost all the atomic velocity groups in the Doppler-broadened ladder-type atomic system...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905624/-detection-of-the-meca-gene-in-coagulase-positive-staphylococcus-isolated-from-cats
#13
Nicolás Galarce, Loreto Muñoz, María Antonieta Jara, Paulo Lubí, Alejandra Sepúlveda, Sonia Anticevic
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial resistance is a global concern for public health. Reports of antimicrobial resistance, including that against methicillin, have increased in strains of coagulase positive Staphylococcus (CPS) isolated from pets, however in Chile this information is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and to detect the mecA gene in CPS strains isolated from cats in Chile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 134 samples were obtained from healthy cats and cats with skin lesions...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905502/immune-responsiveness-of-cd4-t-cells-during-streptococcus-suis-serotype-2-infection
#14
Marie-Pier Lecours, Corinne Letendre, Damian Clarke, Paul Lemire, Tristan Galbas, Marie-Odile Benoit-Biancamano, Jacques Thibodeau, Marcelo Gottschalk, Mariela Segura
The pathogenesis of Streptococcus suis infection, a major swine and human pathogen, is only partially understood and knowledge on the host adaptive immune response is critically scarce. Yet, S. suis virulence factors, particularly its capsular polysaccharide (CPS), enable this bacterium to modulate dendritic cell (DC) functions and potentially impair the immune response. This study aimed to evaluate modulation of T cell activation during S. suis infection and the role of DCs in this response. S. suis-stimulated total mouse splenocytes readily produced TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ, CCL3, CXCL9, and IL-10...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903121/craniopharyngioma-adherence-a-comprehensive-topographical-categorization-and-outcome-related-risk-stratification-model-based-on-the-methodical-examination-of-500-tumors
#15
Ruth Prieto, José María Pascual, Maria Rosdolsky, Inés Castro-Dufourny, Rodrigo Carrasco, Sewan Strauss, Laura Barrios
OBJECTIVE Craniopharyngioma (CP) adherence strongly influences the potential for achieving a radical and safe surgical treatment. However, this factor remains poorly addressed in the scientific literature. This study provides a rational, comprehensive description of CP adherence that can be used for the prediction of surgical risks associated with the removal of these challenging lesions. METHODS This study retrospectively analyzes the evidence provided in pathological, neuroradiological, and surgical CP reports concerning 3 components of the CP attachment: 1) the intracranial structures attached to the tumor; 2) the morphology of the adhesion; and 3) the adhesion strength...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902602/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-dried-blood-spots-for-hiv-1-viral-load-quantification-a-laboratory-assessment-of-3-commercial-assays
#16
Pieter Pannus, Maarten Claus, Maria Mercedes Perez Gonzalez, Nathan Ford, Katrien Fransen
The use of dried blood spots (DBS) instead of plasma as a specimen type for HIV-1 viral load (VL) testing facilitates the decentralization of specimen collection and can increase access to VL testing in resource-limited settings. The performance of DBS for VL testing is lower, however, when compared to the gold standard sample type plasma. In this diagnostic accuracy study, we evaluated 3 VL assays with DBS.Participants were recruited between August 2012 and April 2015. Both plasma and DBS specimens were prepared and tested for HIV-1 VL with the Roche CAP/CTM HIV-1 test v2...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895470/validity-of-the-control-preferences-scale-in-patients-with-emotional-disorders
#17
Carlos De Las Cuevas, Wenceslao Peñate
BACKGROUND: The Control Preferences Scale (CPS) is the most frequently used measure of patients' preferred roles in treatment decisions. The aim of this study was to provide data about the validity of CPS in psychiatric care of patients with emotional disorders. METHODS: The original CPS was translated to Spanish using the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-reported measures as the methodological model for Spanish translation. The final version was tested in a convenience sample of 621 consecutive psychiatric outpatients (461 depressive and 160 anxiety disorders) that also completed the Shared Decision-Making Questionnaire, the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, the Drug Attitude Inventory, and a questionnaire including sociodemographic and clinical variables...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890748/small-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-%C3%A2-5mm-associated-with-epilepsy-report-of-2-cases-and-literature-review
#18
Fuxin Lin, Hui Wan, Dezhi Kang, Yuanxiang Lin
BACKGROUND: Due to the continuing improvements in imaging technology, an increasing number of epileptogenic small (≤5mm) unruptured intracranial aneurysms (sUIA) are being diagnosed since 2000. However, they are not systematically described and reviewed until now. CASE DESCRIPTION AND THE LITERATURE REVIEW: We reported 2 patients with sUIA who initially presented with complex partial seizures (CPS). Scalp electroencephalography (EEG) showed the seizures activity arising from the mesial temporal/frontal areas, but conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were normal in both patients...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890563/exposure-factors-for-cleaning-automotive-care-and-surface-protection-products-for-exposure-assessments
#19
Ji Young Park, Miyoung Lim, Wonho Yang, Kiyoung Lee
Accurately measuring the usage patterns of consumer products (CPs) is important to conduct realistic exposure assessments. We determined the exposure factors for 18 consumer products: household bleach, mold stain remover, all-purpose cleaner, washing machine cleaner, air conditioner cleaner, glass cleaner, drain cleaner, adhesive remover, liquid snow chain, tire shine spray, wheel cleaner, rain repellent, car wax spray, leather polish, furniture polish, anti-fog product, fabric waterproofing spray, and rust inhibitor...
November 24, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886652/factors-associated-with-short-term-transitions-of-nondaily-smokers-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-other-tobacco-product-use
#20
Yingning Wang, Hai-Yen Sung, Tingting Yao, James Lightwood, Wendy Max
AIMS: To examine the transitions in smoking status among nondaily smokers who transitioned to daily or former smokers or remained as nondaily smokers over a 12-month period. We analyzed factors associated with these transitions, including the use of cigars and smokeless tobacco (SLT). DESIGN: Secondary data analyses using pooled data from the 2003, 2006/07 and 2010/11 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS). SETTING: USA PARTICIPANTS: Self-respondents aged 18+ who have smoked for more than 5 years and were nondaily smokers 12 months before the interview (n = 13,673 or 14...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
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