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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816523/measures-to-assess-the-performance-of-an-australian-non-government-charitable-non-acute-health-service-a-delphi-survey-of-organisational-stakeholders
#1
Richard Colbran, Robyn Ramsden, Karen Stagnitti, Samantha Adams
Organisation performance measurement is relevant for non-profit charitable organisations as they strive for security in an increasingly competitive funding environment. This study aimed to identify the priority measures and indicators of organisational performance of an Australian non-government charitable organisation that delivers non-acute health services. Seventy-seven and 59 participants across nine stakeholder groups responded to a two-staged Delphi technique study of a case study organisation. The stage one questionnaire was developed using information garnered through a detailed review of literature...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808030/oxytocin-enforced-norm-compliance-reduces-xenophobic-outgroup-rejection
#2
Nina Marsh, Dirk Scheele, Justin S Feinstein, Holger Gerhardt, Sabrina Strang, Wolfgang Maier, René Hurlemann
Never before have individuals had to adapt to social environments defined by such magnitudes of ethnic diversity and cultural differentiation. However, neurobiological evidence informing about strategies to reduce xenophobic sentiment and foster altruistic cooperation with outsiders is scarce. In a series of experiments settled in the context of the current refugee crisis, we tested the propensity of 183 Caucasian participants to make donations to people in need, half of whom were refugees (outgroup) and half of whom were natives (ingroup)...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792880/analysis-of-plasma-epstein-barr-virus-dna-to-screen-for-nasopharyngeal-cancer
#3
K C Allen Chan, John K S Woo, Ann King, Benny C Y Zee, W K Jacky Lam, Stephen L Chan, Sam W I Chu, Constance Mak, Irene O L Tse, Samantha Y M Leung, Gloria Chan, Edwin P Hui, Brigette B Y Ma, Rossa W K Chiu, Sing-Fai Leung, Andrew C van Hasselt, Anthony T C Chan, Y M Dennis Lo
BACKGROUND: Circulating cell-free Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA is a biomarker for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We conducted a prospective study to investigate whether EBV DNA in plasma samples would be useful to screen for early nasopharyngeal carcinoma in asymptomatic persons. METHODS: We analyzed EBV DNA in plasma specimens to screen participants who did not have symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Participants with initially positive results were retested approximately 4 weeks later, and those with persistently positive EBV DNA in plasma underwent nasal endoscopic examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
August 10, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776399/book-review-ole-dohrmann-die-entwicklung-der-medizinischen-dokumentation-im-charit%C3%A3-krankenhaus-zu-berlin-am-beispiel-der-psychiatrischen-krankenakten-von-1866-bis-1945-dohrmann-ole-die-entwicklung-der-medizinischen-dokumentation-im-charit%C3%A3-krankenhaus-zu-berlin
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776268/provider-and-staff-perceptions-and-experiences-implementing-behavioral-health-integration-in-six-low-income-health-care-organizations
#5
Heather Farb, Katie Sacca, Margaret Variano, Lisa Gentry, Meagan Relle, Jane Bertrand
Behavioral health integration (BHI) is a proven, effective practice for addressing the joint behavioral health and medical health needs of vulnerable populations. As part of the New Orleans Charitable Health Fund (NOCHF) program, this study addressed a gap in literature to better understand factors that impact the implementation of BHI by analyzing perceptions and practices among staff at integrating organizations. Using a mixed-method design, quantitative results from the Levels of Integration Measure (LIM), a survey tool for assessing staff perceptions of BHI in primary care settings (n=86), were analyzed alongside qualitative results from in-depth interviews with staff (n=27)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761971/-tufted-angiomas-of-the-head-and-neck-german-version
#6
S M Häußler, F C Uecker, S Knopke, F Roßner, H Olze, A Böttcher
BACKGROUND: Tufted angiomas (TAs) are uncommon benign vascular tumors mostly located cutaneously or subcutaneously in the skin of the neck and upper trunk, which appear during childhood and grow slowly. TAs are a variant of lobular capillary hemangiomas. This is the first study to provide an overview of the current literature in combination with the authors' own clinical experience on this rare entity in the head and neck area with non-dermatological localization. METHODS: A selective Medline and Google Scholar database search was performed...
July 31, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730744/improving-hospital-discharge-arrangements-for-people-who-are-homeless-a-realist-synthesis-of-the-intermediate-care-literature
#7
REVIEW
Michelle Cornes, Martin Whiteford, Jill Manthorpe, Joanne Neale, Richard Byng, Nigel Hewett, Michael Clark, Alan Kilmister, James Fuller, Robert Aldridge, Michela Tinelli
This review presents a realist synthesis of "what works and why" in intermediate care for people who are homeless. The overall aim was to update an earlier synthesis of intermediate care by capturing new evidence from a recent UK government funding initiative (the "Homeless Hospital Discharge Fund"). The initiative made resources available to the charitable sector to enable partnership working with the National Health Service (NHS) in order to improve hospital discharge arrangements for people who are homeless...
July 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728828/obstruction-of-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-is-associated-with-catheter-type-and-independent-of-omentectomy-a-comparative-data-analysis-from-a-transplant-surgical-and-a-pediatric-surgical-department
#8
Josephine Radtke, Raphael Schild, Marc Reismann, Robert-Richard Ridwelski, Caroline Kempf, Bjoern Nashan, Karin Rothe, Martina Koch
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter occlusion is a common complication with up to 36% of catheter obstructions described in the literature. We present a comparison of complications and outcome after implantation of PD catheters in a transplant surgical and a pediatric surgical department. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 154 PD catheters, which were implanted during 2009-2015 by transplant surgeons (TS, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, n=85 catheters) and pediatric surgeons (PS, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, n=69 catheters) in 122 children (median (range) age 3...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721444/neovascular-glaucoma-after-proton-beam-therapy-of-choroidal-melanoma-incidence-and-risk-factors
#9
Aline I Riechardt, Daniel Pilger, Dino Cordini, Ira Seibel, Enken Gundlach, Annette Hager, Antonia M Joussen
PURPOSE: To analyze the risk factors for the development of neovascular glaucoma (NVG) of patients with choroidal melanoma after proton beam therapy (PBT). METHOD: Clinical case series, retrospective study. We evaluated 629 consecutive patients receiving proton beam therapy for the treatment of a choroidal melanoma at the oncology service at Charité, Berlin and Helmholtz-Zentrum, Berlin between 05/1998 and 11/2008 regarding the development and risk factors of NVG...
July 18, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720025/perspectives-on-induced-abortion-among-palestinian-women-religion-culture-and-access-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories
#10
Sarrah Shahawy, Megan B Diamond
Induced abortion is an important public health issue in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), where it is illegal in most cases. This study was designed to elicit the views of Palestinian women on induced abortion given the unique religious, ethical and social challenges in the OPT. Sixty Palestinian women were interviewed on their perceptions of the religious implications, social consequences and accessibility of induced abortions in the OPT at Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital in East Jerusalem...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714357/pharmaceutical-assistance-programs-for-cancer-patients-in-the-era-of-orally-administered-chemotherapeutics
#11
Aaron Mitchell, Benyam Muluneh, Rachana Patel, Ethan Basch
Introduction The rising cost of cancer drugs may make treatment unaffordable for some patients. Patients often rely on drug manufacturer-administered Pharmaceutical Assistance Programs (PAPs) to obtain drugs and reduced or no cost. The overall usage of PAPs within cancer care delivery is unknown. Methods We included all cancer patients across an academically affiliated, integrated health system in North Carolina during 2014 ( N = 8591). We identified the subset of patients receiving PAP assistance to afford one or more cancer drugs, in order to calculate the proportion of patients receiving PAP assistance, and the retail value of the assistance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698705/effects-of-short-term-medical-mission-trips-to-chiapas-mexico-on-the-religiosity-of-the-missionaries
#12
Katherine A Meidl, Joseph M Meidl, Laura R Meidl, Erik J Meidl
This study evaluates the effects that short-term, foreign, Catholic medical mission trips had on the religiosity of the United States-based participants. The subjects of this study participated in Catholic medical missions to Chiapas State, Mexico, in 2014 and 2015. Twenty-two of forty-two participants responded to a survey to assess for any changes in their religiosity and associated attitudes and behaviors. The results revealed that participation in the medical mission was associated with a significant increase in non-organizational religious activity, intrinsic religiosity, concern for health disparities and the burden of illness in the developing world, the promotion of further missions, the provision of service and/or monetary aid to the poor in the missionary's local community, and an increased likelihood to discuss the Christian faith in conversations with others...
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693536/hypothermia-induced-alteration-of-repolarization-impact-on-acute-and-long-term-outcome-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Sophie von Ulmenstein, Christian Storm, Thomas G K Breuer, Sebastian Lask, Philipp Attanasio, Andreas Mügge, Alexander Wutzler
BACKGROUND: The effects of target temperature management (TTM) on the heart aren't thoroughly studied yet. Several studies showed the prolongation of various ECG parameters including Tpeak-Tend-time under TTM. Our study's goal is to evaluate the acute and long-term outcome of these prolongations. METHODS: In this study we included patients with successful resuscitation after cardiac arrest who were admitted to the Charité Virchow Klinikum Berlin or the Heart and Vascular Centre of the Ruhr University Bochum between February 2006 and July 2013 (Berlin) or May 2014 to November 2015 (Bochum)...
July 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691938/genetic-versus-epigenetic-brca1-silencing-pathways-clinical-effects-in-primary-ovarian-cancer-patients-a-study-of-the-tumor-bank-ovarian-cancer-consortium
#14
Tingting Sun, Ilary Ruscito, Desislava Dimitrova, Radoslav Chekerov, Hagen Kulbe, Udo Baron, Véronique Blanchard, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Silvia Darb-Esfahani, Jalid Sehouli, Sven Olek, Elena Ioana Braicu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess in a large cohort of primary epithelial ovarian cancer patients the incidence and the clinical effect of BRCA1 genetic and epigenetic silencing mechanisms. METHODS: A total of 188 primary epithelial ovarian cancer patients, treated between 2000 and 2011 at the Charité University Hospital of Berlin, were included. The patients' tumor and blood samples were obtained from the Tumor Bank Ovarian Cancer Network (www...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687413/effect-of-azithromycin-on-asthma-exacerbations-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-persistent-uncontrolled-asthma-amazes-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Peter G Gibson, Ian A Yang, John W Upham, Paul N Reynolds, Sandra Hodge, Alan L James, Christine Jenkins, Matthew J Peters, Guy B Marks, Melissa Baraket, Heather Powell, Steven L Taylor, Lex E X Leong, Geraint B Rogers, Jodie L Simpson
BACKGROUND: Exacerbations of asthma cause a substantial global illness burden. Adults with uncontrolled persistent asthma despite maintenance treatment require additional therapy. Since macrolide antibiotics can be used to treat persistent asthma, we aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of oral azithromycin as add-on therapy in patients with uncontrolled persistent asthma on medium-to-high dose inhaled corticosteroids plus a long-acting bronchodilator. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled parallel group trial to determine whether oral azithromycin decreases the frequency of asthma exacerbations in adults (≥18 years) with symptomatic asthma despite current use of inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting bronchodilator, and who had no hearing impairment or abnormal prolongation of the corrected QT interval...
July 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#16
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667388/tufted-angiomas-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-head%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-neck
#17
S M Häußler, F C Uecker, S Knopke, F Roßner, H Olze, A Böttcher
BACKGROUND: Tufted angiomas (TAs) are uncommon benign vascular tumors mostly located cutaneously or subcutaneously in the skin of the neck and upper trunk, which appear during childhood and grow slowly. TAs are a variant of lobular capillary hemangiomas. This is the first study to provide an overview of the current literature in combination with the authors' own clinical experience on this rare entity in the head and neck area with non-dermatological localization. METHODS: A selective Medline and Google Scholar database search was performed...
June 30, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667224/improving-patient-safety-through-better-teamwork-how-effective-are-different-methods-of-simulation-debriefing-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-prospective-and-randomised-study
#18
Julia Freytag, Fabian Stroben, Wolf E Hautz, Dorothea Eisenmann, Juliane E Kämmer
INTRODUCTION: Medical errors have an incidence of 9% and may lead to worse patient outcome. Teamwork training has the capacity to significantly reduce medical errors and therefore improve patient outcome. One common framework for teamwork training is crisis resource management, adapted from aviation and usually trained in simulation settings. Debriefing after simulation is thought to be crucial to learning teamwork-related concepts and behaviours but it remains unclear how best to debrief these aspects...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655844/demotivating-incentives-and-motivation-crowding-out-in-charitable-giving
#19
Matthew Chao
Research has shown that extrinsic incentives can crowd out intrinsic motivation in many contexts. Despite this, many nonprofits offer conditional thank-you gifts, such as mugs or tote bags, in exchange for donations. In collaboration with a nonprofit, this study implements a direct mail field experiment and demonstrates that thank-you gifts reduced donation rates in a fundraising campaign. Attention-based multiattribute choice models suggest that this is because prospective donors shift attention to the salient gift offer, causing them to underweight less salient intrinsic motives...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642982/-healthcare-models-for-traumatized-refugees-in-germany
#20
REVIEW
K Adorjan, U Kluge, A Heinz, T Stamm, M Odenwald, K Dohrmann, R Mokhtari-Nejad, A Hasan, T G Schulze, P Falkai, O Pogarell
People with a migration background are a risk group for psychiatric disorders. Innovative, transnational and sustainable projects are necessary to ensure adequate care for refugees and asylum seekers. Selected projects of the University of Munich, the Charité Berlin and the University of Konstanz show promising approaches in addition to other initiatives.
June 22, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
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