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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920943/a-pilot-dental-survey-on-maui
#1
Olivia Jenkins, Sara Routley, Tina Pedro-Gomes, Lorrin Pang
Routine dental screening surveys of third graders have proven to be a useful tool to monitor the dental health of a community, especially those of highest risk. In 2010 the PEW Charitable Trust (PEW) conducted state-by-state oral hygiene assessments, giving Hawai'i a poor grade, with routine dental surveys of children one of several criteria not met. The Maui Oral Health Task Force piloted its own survey for the island of Maui to assess the challenges in implementing a dental screening and to gain an understanding as to how obstacles might be addressed...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916551/environmental-scan-of-cystic-fibrosis-research-worldwide
#2
Janice Kelly
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare fatal genetic disease, affecting 70,000 to 100,000 people worldwide [1]. Numerous countries have specific charitable organizations dedicated to CF, with many funding research to find a cure or effective control for the disease. Cystic Fibrosis Canada, the largest charity in Canada dedicated to funding research and care in CF, conducted an environmental scan of these organizations to learn and better understand their research goals and funding process...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915285/depth-dependent-influence-of-different-land-use-systems-on-bacterial-biogeography
#3
Brent J Seuradge, Maren Oelbermann, Josh D Neufeld
Despite progress in understanding microbial biogeography of surface soils, few studies have investigated depth-dependent distributions of terrestrial microorganisms in subsoils. We leveraged high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA genes obtained from soils collected from the RARE: Charitable Research Reserve (Cambridge, Ontario, Canada) to assess the influence of depth on bacterial communities across various land-use types. Although bacterial communities were strongly influenced by depth across all sites, the magnitude of this influence was variable and demonstrated that land-use attributes also played a significant role in shaping soil bacterial communities...
December 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904919/-seasonal-differences-of-tympanogram-and-middle-ear-findings-in-children-german-version
#4
S Knopke, A Böttcher, P Chadha, H Olze, F Bast
BACKGROUND: It is a known fact that bacterial or viral acute otitis media occurs more frequently in the winter months. Only a few older studies on seasonal differences in middle ear findings are available. These studies are based solely on tympanography, without correlation to intraoperative middle ear findings. This study addresses the question of whether seasonal differences can be found in the preoperative tympanogram and in the corresponding intraoperative findings in children with chronic middle ear problems...
November 30, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904168/care-situation-for-female-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-metropolitan-emergency-departments-with-charit%C3%A3-berlin-as-an-example
#5
H Hoffmann-Walbeck, M Möckel, S Etzold, M David
of the perpetrators were friends or relations; 17 % were (ex-)partners. The waiting time in the Charité emergency departments amounted to 58 minutes on average, the medical treatment time 55 minutes. About 80 % of the personnel evaluated the "stuprum kit" as being altogether good or very good. More than ⅓ considered the time and room conditions as being unsuitable or rather unsuitable for the situation. Two thirds expressed the desire for further training and supervision. Conclusion: The structured procedure by means of the "stuprum kit" has proved its value...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899479/a-formative-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-for-minority-ethnic-populations-in-england
#6
E Such, S Salway, R Copeland, S Haake, S Domone, S Mann
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are lower among some UK Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups than the majority White British population and a variety of tailored interventions have emerged. This study documents the characteristics and logic of local adaptations, a vital first step in evaluating such innovations. METHODS: An English PA data set was examined to identify and characterize PA programmes focussed on BME populations. Three case studies were conducted, employing documentary analysis and qualitative interviews...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896265/social-mechanisms-to-get-people-outdoors-bimodal-distribution-of-interest-in-nature
#7
Ralf Christopher Buckley, Diane Westaway, Paula Brough
We report results from a post-program survey (n = 930) of participants in a non-profit outdoor health program targeted principally at women with families in Australia's metropolitan cities. We analyze communications, motivations, experiences, satisfaction, and intentions. The program involves 3 months' outdoor training in scenic locations, culminating in a single-day event. Training includes social opportunities and peer-group support. Event entry is in teams and includes charitable fundraising and personal challenges...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893017/evaluation-of-cognitive-deficits-and-structural-hippocampal-damage-in-encephalitis-with-leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-1-antibodies
#8
Carsten Finke, Harald Prüss, Josephine Heine, Sigrid Reuter, Ute A Kopp, Florian Wegner, Florian Then Bergh, Sebastian Koch, Olav Jansen, Thomas Münte, Günther Deuschl, Klemens Ruprecht, Winfried Stöcker, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Friedemann Paul, Thorsten Bartsch
Importance: Limbic encephalitis with leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibodies is one of the most frequent variants of autoimmune encephalitis with antibodies targeting neuronal surface antigens. However, the neuroimaging pattern and long-term cognitive outcome are not well understood. Objective: To study cognitive outcome and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Departments of Neurology at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870254/a-national-patient-and-public-colorectal-research-agenda-integration-of-consumer-perspectives-in-bowel-disease-through-early-consultation
#9
A G K McNair, N Heywood, J Tiernan, A Verjee, S P Bach, N S Fearnhead
AIM: There is a recognised need to include the views of patients and the public in prioritising health research. This study aimed 1) to explore patients' views on colorectal research and 2) to prioritise research topics with patients and the public. METHOD: In phase 1, twelve charitable organisations and patient groups with an interest in bowel disease were invited to attend a consultation exercise. Participants were briefed on 25 colorectal research topics prioritised by members of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland...
November 21, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867258/principle-of-care-and-giving-to-help-people-in-need
#10
René Bekkers, Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm
Theories of moral development posit that an internalized moral value that one should help those in need-the principle of care-evokes helping behaviour in situations where empathic concern does not. Examples of such situations are helping behaviours that involve cognitive deliberation and planning, that benefit others who are known only in the abstract, and who are out-group members. Charitable giving to help people in need is an important helping behaviour that has these characteristics. Therefore we hypothesized that the principle of care would be positively associated with charitable giving to help people in need, and that the principle of care would mediate the empathic concern-giving relationship...
May 2016: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865292/katrina-s-legacy-processes-for-patient-disaster-preparation-have-improved-but-important-gaps-remain
#11
Marjorie Icenogle, Sasha Eastburn, Martha Arrieta
BACKGROUND: Ensuring continuity of care for patients with chronic illness, who are elderly or indigent presents unique challenges after disasters; this population has fewer financial resources, is less likely to evacuate, has limited access to recovery resources and is significantly dependent on charitable and government-funded institutions for care. This study expands a previous investigation of the extent to which healthcare providers in coastal Mississippi and Alabama have made changes to facilitate continued care to these populations after disasters...
November 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853533/no-evidence-that-a-range-of-artificial-monitoring-cues-influence-online-donations-to-charity-in-an-mturk-sample
#12
Timothy J Saunders, Alex H Taylor, Quentin D Atkinson
Monitoring cues, such as an image of a face or pair of eyes, have been found to increase prosocial behaviour in several studies. However, other studies have found little or no support for this effect. Here, we examined whether monitoring cues affect online donations to charity while manipulating the emotion displayed, the number of watchers and the cue type. We also include as statistical controls a range of likely covariates of prosocial behaviour. Using the crowdsourcing Internet marketplace, Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk), 1535 participants completed our survey and were given the opportunity to donate to charity while being shown an image prime...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834767/charitable-outreach-in-cardiothoracic-surgery-ingredients-for-success
#13
Joseph A Dearani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825905/profits-and-charitable-missions-funding-volunteerism-in-the-developing-world
#14
James Richard Bean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816483/sarcopenia-and-endothelial-function-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-results-from-the-studies-investigating-comorbidities-aggravating-hf-sica-hf
#15
Marcelo R Dos Santos, Masakazu Saitoh, Nicole Ebner, Miroslava Valentova, Masaaki Konishi, Junichi Ishida, Amir Emami, Jochen Springer, Anja Sandek, Wolfram Doehner, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
OBJECTIVES: Skeletal muscle wasting, also known as sarcopenia, has recently been identified as a serious comorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF). We aimed to assess the impact of sarcopenia on endothelial dysfunction in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ambulatory patients with HF were recruited at Charité Medical School, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, Germany...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814676/q-nexus-a-comprehensive-and-efficient-analysis-pipeline-designed-for-chip-nexus
#16
Peter Hansen, Jochen Hecht, Jonas Ibn-Salem, Benjamin S Menkuec, Sebastian Roskosch, Matthias Truss, Peter N Robinson
BACKGROUND: ChIP-nexus, an extension of the ChIP-exo protocol, can be used to map the borders of protein-bound DNA sequences at nucleotide resolution, requires less input DNA and enables selective PCR duplicate removal using random barcodes. However, the use of random barcodes requires additional preprocessing of the mapping data, which complicates the computational analysis. To date, only a very limited number of software packages are available for the analysis of ChIP-exo data, which have not yet been systematically tested and compared on ChIP-nexus data...
November 4, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807981/evaluation-of-aesculap-implant-systems-activl-artificial-disc-for-the-treatment-of-degenerative-disc-disease
#17
Daniel Shein, Jennifer Shue, Federico Girardi
A primary cause of chronic low back pain and disability is lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). Surgical treatments are available for DDD including fusion or lumbar total disc replacement (TDR). Lumbar TDR is performed as a motion-preserving alternative to lumbar fusion. There are several marketed lumbar TDR devices including the Aesculap Implant Systems activL Artificial Disc, Charité Artificial Disc and the ProDisc-L Total Disc Replacement. Areas covered: Considering the various surgical options by which lumbar DDD can be managed, here we evaluate the biologic and biomechanical benefits and concerns of the Aesculap activL Artificial Disc...
December 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807735/-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-with-gamma-hydroxybutyrate-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-study
#18
E Reuter, S Tafelski, K Thieme, C West, U Haase, L Beck, M Schäfer, C Spies
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome is not yet fully understood. Current hypotheses suggest a potential role of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) in influencing endocrinological abnormalities in patients with fibromyalgia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether low dose GHB as a growth-hormone releasing substance reduces pain intensity and improves depressive mood, physical impairment and sleep quality in outpatients with fibromyalgia...
November 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798453/patient-completed-preoperative-web-based-anaesthetic-assessment-questionnaire-electronic-personal-assessment-questionnaire-preoperative-development-and-validation
#19
Iain M Goodhart, John Andrzejowski, Georgina Jones, Mireille Berthoud, Andy Dennis, Gary Mills, Stephen Radley
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, guidelines support the routine use of anaesthetic preoperative assessment (POA), a process that is frequently supported by pro formas and unvalidated questionnaires. Electronic questionnaires can provide reliable data. A local initiative has seen the development of a computerised electronic Personal Assessment Questionnaire (ePAQ). OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a novel electronic instrument for POA. DESIGN: The content and face validity were evaluated in 30 patients...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#20
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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