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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290467/long-term-survival-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-70-year-british-study
#1
G Savic, M J DeVivo, H L Frankel, M A Jamous, B M Soni, S Charlifue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective observational. OBJECTIVES: Analyse long-term survival after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in Great Britain over the 70-year study period, identify mortality risk factors and estimate current life expectancy. SETTING: Two spinal centres in Great Britain. METHODS: The sample consisted of patients with traumatic SCI injured 1943-2010 who survived the first year post-injury, had residual neurological deficit on discharge and were British residents...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284888/characteristics-of-sleep-in-socially-vulnerable-adolescents
#2
Lisie Polita Romanzini, Aline Ávila Dos Santos, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
IMPORTANCE: This study may help understand the effects of an unfavorable environment in sleep quality of adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep quality in socially vulnerable adolescents, correlating the results with cognitive problems and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and assessing the effectiveness of sleep hygiene and an educational intervention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and interventional study. SETTING: an educational charitable center supported by a Catholic institution, in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282393/free-to-help-an-experiment-on-free-will-belief-and-altruism
#3
Job Harms, Kellie Liket, John Protzko, Vera Schölmerich
How does belief in free will affect altruistic behavior? In an online experiment we undermine subjects' belief in free will through a priming task. Subjects subsequently conduct a series of binary dictator games in which they can distribute money between themselves and a charity that supports low-income people in developing countries. In each decision task, subjects choose between two different distributions, one of which is more generous towards the charity. In contrast to previous experiments that report a negative effect of undermining free will on honest behavior and self-reported willingness to help, we find an insignificant average treatment effect...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275330/is-autoimmune-thrombocytopenia-itself-the-primary-disease-in-the-presence-of-second-diseases-data-from-a-long-term-observation
#4
Nasra Aboud, Fabian Depré, Abdulgabar Salama
BACKGROUND: Dependent on the absence or presence of associated diseases, autoimmune thrombocytopenia (ITP) can be classified as primary or secondary form. The manifestation of the associated diseases is not temporally defined and may occur during observation. Thus the question which disease is the primary one remains unanswered. METHODS: All 386 patients included in this study were treated by a single primary physician between 1996 and 2015 at the Charité Berlin and met current ITP criteria...
January 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261116/red-flags-clinical-signs-for-identifying-autoimmune-encephalitis-in-psychiatric-patients
#5
Julia Herken, Harald Prüss
Autoimmune mechanisms causing diverse psychiatric symptoms are increasingly recognized and brought about a paradigm shift in neuropsychiatry. Identification of underlying antibodies against neuronal ion channels or receptors led to the speculation that a number of patients go misdiagnosed with a primary psychiatric disease. However, there is no clear consensus which clinical signs in psychiatric patients should prompt further investigations including measurement of anti-neuronal autoantibodies. We therefore aimed to analyze the presenting symptoms in patients with autoimmune encephalitis and the time between symptom onset and initiation of antibody diagnostics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253000/too-far-to-help-the-effect-of-perceived-distance-on-the-expected-impact-and-likelihood-of-charitable-action
#6
Maferima Touré-Tillery, Ayelet Fishbach
Fact: Holding force constant, a snowball thrown from 10 feet away will hurt more than one thrown from 50 feet away; it will have more impact. We show that people expect charitable donations-much like snowballs-to have more impact on nearby (vs. faraway) targets. Therefore, because making an impact is a powerful motivator of prosocial behavior, people are more willing to take action to help nearby (vs. faraway) causes-independent of social distance. Six studies, including lab and field experiments, and secondary data from fundraising campaigns support this prediction...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194439/an-early-biomarker-algorithm-predicts-lethal-graft-versus-host-disease-and-survival
#7
Matthew J Hartwell, Umut Özbek, Ernst Holler, Anne S Renteria, Hannah Major-Monfried, Pavan Reddy, Mina Aziz, William J Hogan, Francis Ayuk, Yvonne A Efebera, Elizabeth O Hexner, Udomsak Bunworasate, Muna Qayed, Rainer Ordemann, Matthias Wölfl, Stephan Mielke, Attaphol Pawarode, Yi-Bin Chen, Steven Devine, Andrew C Harris, Madan Jagasia, Carrie L Kitko, Mark R Litzow, Nicolaus Kröger, Franco Locatelli, George Morales, Ryotaro Nakamura, Ran Reshef, Wolf Rösler, Daniela Weber, Kitsada Wudhikarn, Gregory A Yanik, John E Levine, James L M Ferrara
BACKGROUND. No laboratory test can predict the risk of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) or severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after hematopoietic cellular transplantation (HCT) prior to the onset of GVHD symptoms. METHODS. Patient blood samples on day 7 after HCT were obtained from a multicenter set of 1,287 patients, and 620 samples were assigned to a training set. We measured the concentrations of 4 GVHD biomarkers (ST2, REG3α, TNFR1, and IL-2Rα) and used them to model 6-month NRM using rigorous cross-validation strategies to identify the best algorithm that defined 2 distinct risk groups...
February 9, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177142/institutionalising-senile-dementia-in-19th-century-britain
#8
Emily Stella Andrews
This article explains how old, poor people living with dementia came to be institutionalised in 19th-century Britain (with a focus on London), and how they were responded to by the people who ran those institutions. The institutions in question are lunatic asylums, workhouses and charitable homes. Old people with dementia were admitted to lunatic asylums, workhouses and charitable homes, but were not welcome there. Using the records of Hanwell lunatic asylum, published texts of psychiatric theory, and the administrative records that all of these institutions generated at local and national levels, this article argues that 'the senile' were a perpetual classificatory residuum in the bureaucracy of 19th-century health and welfare...
February 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161016/high-flow-warm-humidified-oxygen-versus-standard-low-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-for-moderate-bronchiolitis-hfwho-rct-an-open-phase-4-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Elizabeth Kepreotes, Bruce Whitehead, John Attia, Christopher Oldmeadow, Adam Collison, Andrew Searles, Bernadette Goddard, Jodi Hilton, Mark Lee, Joerg Mattes
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is the most common lung infection in infants and treatment focuses on management of respiratory distress and hypoxia. High-flow warm humidified oxygen (HFWHO) is increasingly used, but has not been rigorously studied in randomised trials. We aimed to examine whether HFWHO provided enhanced respiratory support, thereby shortening time to weaning off oxygen. METHODS: In this open, phase 4, randomised controlled trial, we recruited children aged less than 24 months with moderate bronchiolitis attending the emergency department of the John Hunter Hospital or the medical unit of the John Hunter Children's Hospital in New South Wales, Australia...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156188/funding-models-in-palliative-care-lessons-from-international-experience
#10
E Iris Groeneveld, J Brian Cassel, Claudia Bausewein, Ágnes Csikós, Malgorzata Krajnik, Karen Ryan, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Steffen Eychmueller, Heike Gudat Keller, Simon Allan, Jeroen Hasselaar, Teresa García-Baquero Merino, Kate Swetenham, Kym Piper, Carl Johan Fürst, Fliss Em Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Funding models influence provision and development of palliative care services. As palliative care integrates into mainstream health care provision, opportunities to develop funding mechanisms arise. However, little has been reported on what funding models exist or how we can learn from them. AIM: To assess national models and methods for financing and reimbursing palliative care. DESIGN: Initial literature scoping yielded limited evidence on the subject as national policy documents are difficult to identify, access and interpret...
February 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#11
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108038/the-effect-of-endotracheal-tubes-versus-laryngeal-mask-airways-on-perioperative-respiratory-adverse-events-in-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Thomas F E Drake-Brockman, Anoop Ramgolam, Guicheng Zhang, Graham L Hall, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg
BACKGROUND: Perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAE) are the most common critical incidents in paediatric anaesthesia and occur more often in infants. Use of laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) is associated with reduced PRAE compared with endotracheal tubes in older children (>1 year). We aimed to evaluate the effect of these devices on the incidence of PRAE in infants. METHODS: We did a randomised controlled trial at the Princess Margaret Hospital for Children in Perth (WA, Australia) by recruiting infants (aged 0-12 months) undergoing general (with or without regional or local) anaesthesia with anticipated fentanyl dose 1 μg/kg or lower for minor elective surgery...
January 17, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097045/homeopathy-a-safe-much-less-expensive-non-invasive-viable-alternative-for-the-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-loss-of-lumbar-lordosis
#13
Saiful Haque, Debarsi Das, Saugato Bhattacharya, Tathagato Sarkar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
OBJECTIVES: Loss of lumbar lordosis causing pain and curvature of the vertebral skeleton to one side is a relatively uncommon disease. To our knowledge, successful treatment of loss of lumbar lordosis with any potentized homeopathic drug diluted above Avogadro's limit (that is, above a potency of 12C) has not been documented so far. In this communication, we intend to document a relatively rare case of loss of lumbar lordosis with osteophytic lippings, disc desiccation, and protrusion, causing a narrowing of secondary spinal canal and a bilateral neural foramina, leading to vertebral column curvature with acute pain in an adolescent boy...
December 2016: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093048/myofibroblasts-are-evidence-of-chronic-tissue-microtrauma-at-the-endometrial-myometrial-junctional-zone-in-uteri-with-adenomyosis
#14
Mohamed Gamal Ibrahim, Martin Sillem, Johanna Plendl, Vito Chiantera, Jalid Sehouli, Sylvia Mechsner
BACKGROUND: Adenomyosis (AM) uteri exhibit hyperperistalsis. The latter causes a chronic tissue trauma at the endometrial-myometrial junctional zone (EMJZ). Upon tissue trauma, microdehiscences in the myometrium facilitate the translocation of basal endometrial fragments into the myometrium. There, a metaplasia (mediated by transforming growth factor β1 [TGFβ1] and connective tissue growth factor [CTGF]) occurs and AM lesions develop. The abundance of myofibroblasts in a tissue hallmarks metaplasia and points to a tissue microtrauma...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061790/closing-the-gender-leadership-gap-a-multi-centre-cross-country-comparison-of-women-in-management-and-leadership-in-academic-health-centres-in-the-european-union
#15
Ellen Kuhlmann, Pavel V Ovseiko, Christine Kurmeyer, Karin Gutiérrez-Lobos, Sandra Steinböck, Mia von Knorring, Alastair M Buchan, Mats Brommels
BACKGROUND: Women's participation in medicine and the need for gender equality in healthcare are increasingly recognised, yet little attention is paid to leadership and management positions in large publicly funded academic health centres. This study illustrates such a need, taking the case of four large European centres: Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Germany), Karolinska Institutet (Sweden), Medizinische Universität Wien (Austria), and Oxford Academic Health Science Centre (United Kingdom)...
January 6, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060965/the-clinical-research-landscape-in-rhode-island
#16
George Mao, Bharat Ramratnam
OBJECTIVES: To present an overview of clinical research activity and the state of medical research funding in Rhode Island. METHODS: We utilized clinicaltrials.gov registry to profile clinical studies between 2011 to 2016. NIH RePORT and other federal databases were used to extract information on levels of federal funding. Previously published hospital financial reports were reviewed for data on hospital-specific total external research funding. RESULTS: During 2011-2016, 1651 clinical studies were registered in clinicaltrials...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058252/risk-assessment-in-the-recovery-of-food-for-social-solidarity-purposes-preliminary-data
#17
Vesna Milicevic, Giampaolo Colavita, Marta Castrica, Sabrina Ratti, Antonella Baldi, Claudia M Balzaretti
The most recent study, conducted by Politecnico of Milan, on food surplus management in Italy shows that in the Italian food supply chain the food surplus is around 5.5 million tons/year, and the amount of food wasted is around 5.1 million tons/year. During 2015, the charitable organizations (COs) belonging to the Italian Food Bank Network, active in recovering and distributing food for social solidarity's purposes, reused 381,345 tons of food from 2292 donors. The main supplying sources of the Banco Alimentare Network are: food industries, organized large-scale retail trade and collective catering service...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057662/exploring-the-adoption-of-schwartz-center-rounds-as-an-organisational-innovation-to-improve-staff-well-being-in-england-2009-2015
#18
Glenn Robert, Julia Philippou, Mary Leamy, Ellie Reynolds, Shilpa Ross, Laura Bennett, Cath Taylor, Caroline Shuldham, Jill Maben
OBJECTIVES: Schwartz Center Rounds ('Rounds') are a multidisciplinary forum in which healthcare staff within an organisation discuss the psychological, emotional and social challenges associated with their work in a confidential and safe environment. Implemented in over 375 North American organisations, since 2009, they have been increasingly adopted in England. This study aimed to establish how many and what types of organisations have adopted Rounds in England, and to explore why they did so...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050412/anaerobic-bacteriological-microbiota-in-surface-and-core-of-tonsils-in-chronic-tonsillitis
#19
Meera Niranjan Khadilkar, Nitin R Ankle
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillar infection may stem from bacteria within tonsillar crypts or parenchyma rather than from those on the surface. Pathogens isolated from surface culture may be colonizing the tonsil, but not essentially infecting it. Anaerobes though not often studied, are known to cause chronic tonsillitis. AIM: To study the correlation of anaerobic bacterial isolates in surface and core cultures from recurrently infected and inflamed tonsils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Charitable Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi from January 2014 to December 2014 on 100 patients of chronic tonsillitis who underwent tonsillectomy...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025929/hemophilia-management-via-data-collection-and-reporting-initial-findings-from-the-comprehensive-care-sustainability-collaborative
#20
Michael D Tarantino, Vanita K Pindolia
BACKGROUND: Despite being a rare disorder, hemophilia represents a significant driver of health care resource utilization and requires expert hematologic and multidisciplinary services to achieve optimal outcomes. Since their inception nearly 40 years ago, hemophilia treatment centers (HTCs) have served as centers of excellence in providing the intensive care and ancillary services necessary for this unique patient base; however, the full capabilities of these centers may be underused in the current framework of managed care, largely because of a lack of communication and information shared between payers and HTC stakeholders...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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