keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Charite

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211203/risk-factors-for-caries-free-time-longitudinal-study-in-early-childhood
#1
Maria Beatriz Barreto de Sousa Cabral, Eduardo Luiz Andrade Mota, Maria Cristina Teixeira Cangussu, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna, Fabiana Raynal Floriano
OBJECTIVE: To estimate time in days from the beginning of follow-up up to the development of dental caries in children under 30 months and to assess risk factors potentially affecting the development of the disease. METHODS: The study population of the cohort study were children attending public, private, and charitable day care centers in Salvador, Northeastern Brazil, followed up for fourteen months. We used the multivariate Cox regression to estimate risk and Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the caries-free time...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194437/an-introduction-to-the-psycho-physiological-stress-test-ppst-a-standardized-instrument-for-evaluating-stress-reactions
#2
Elisabeth Neureiter, Loreen Hajfani, Anne Ahnis, Annett Mierke, Matthias Rose, Gerhard Danzer, Burghard F Klapp
Using a standardized instrument to evaluate patients' stress reactions has become more important in daily clinical routines. Different signs or symptoms of stress are often unilaterally explored: the physiological, psychological or social aspects of stress disorders are each viewed on a single dimension. However, all dimensions afflict patients who have persistent health problems due to chronic stress. Therefore, it is important to use a multidimensional approach to acquire data. The 'Psycho-Physiological-Stress-Test' (PPST) was established to achieve a comprehensive understanding of stress and was further developed at the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin in collaboration with the Psychological Department of Freie Universität Berlin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188132/what-do-we-mean-by-community-resilience-a-systematic-literature-review-of-how-it-is-defined-in-the-literature
#3
Sonny S Patel, M Brooke Rogers, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin
Background: Government, industry and charitable organisations have an increasing focus on programs intended to support community resilience to disasters. But has consensus been reached as to what defines 'community resilience' and what its core characteristics are? Methods: We undertook a systematic literature review of definitions of community resilience related to disasters. We conducted an inductive thematic analysis of the definitions and descriptions that we identified, in order to determine the proposed characteristics of community resilience prior to, during and after a disaster...
February 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179288/public-spending-on-health-service-and-policy-research-in-canada-the-united-kingdom-and-the-united-states-a-modest-proposal
#4
Vidhi Thakkar, Terrence Sullivan
Health services and policy research (HSPR) represent a multidisciplinary field which integrates knowledge from health economics, health policy, health technology assessment, epidemiology, political science among other fields, to evaluate decisions in health service delivery. Health service decisions are informed by evidence at the clinical, organizational, and policy level, levels with distinct, managerial drivers. HSPR has an evolving discourse spanning knowledge translation, linkage and exchange between research and decision-maker partners and more recently, implementation science and learning health systems...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163315/does-short-term-hunger-increase-trust-and-trustworthiness-in-a-high-trust-society
#5
Elias Rantapuska, Riitta Freese, Iiro P Jääskeläinen, Kaisa Hytönen
We build on the social heuristics hypothesis, the literature on the glucose model of self-control, and recent challenges on these hypotheses to investigate whether individuals exhibit a change in degree of trust and reciprocation after consumption of a meal. We induce short-term manipulation of hunger followed by the trust game and a decision on whether to leave personal belongings in an unlocked and unsupervised room. Our results are inconclusive. While, we report hungry individuals trusting and reciprocating more than those who have just consumed a meal in a high trust society, we fail to reject the null with small number of observations (N = 101) and experimental sessions (N = 8)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162582/standardizing-clinically-meaningful-outcome-measures-beyond-hba1c-for-type-1-diabetes-a-consensus-report-of-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-the-american-association-of-diabetes-educators-the-american-diabetes-association-the-endocrine
#6
REVIEW
Gina Agiostratidou, Henry Anhalt, Dana Ball, Lawrence Blonde, Evgenia Gourgari, Karen N Harriman, Aaron J Kowalski, Paul Madden, Alicia H McAuliffe-Fogarty, Molly McElwee-Malloy, Anne Peters, Sripriya Raman, Kent Reifschneider, Karen Rubin, Stuart A Weinzimer
OBJECTIVE: To identify and define clinically meaningful type 1 diabetes outcomes beyond hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) based upon a review of the evidence, consensus from clinical experts, and input from researchers, people with type 1 diabetes, and industry. Priority outcomes include hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, time in range, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). While priority outcomes for type 1 and type 2 diabetes may overlap, type 1 diabetes was the focus of this work...
December 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162161/international-szent-gy%C3%A3-rgyi-prize-for-progress-in-cancer-research-basic-and-translational-research-recognition-mary-claire-king-received-the-2016-prize-for-her-pioneering-research-that-demonstrated-the-first-evidence-of-genetic-predisposition-to-breast-cancer
#7
EDITORIAL
Hali Hartmann, Jie Zhao, Sujuan Ba
The Szent-Györgyi Prize for Progress in Cancer Research is a prestigious scientific award sponsored by the National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR)-a leading cancer research charitable organization in the United States that supports innovative cancer research globally with the ultimate goal to cure cancer. The coveted Szent-Györgyi Prize annually honors a scientist whose seminal discovery or body of work has resulted in, or led toward, notable contributions to cancer prevention, diagnosis, or treatment; and the discovery has had a high direct impact of saving people's lives...
November 21, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150405/cirrhosis-with-ascites-in-the-last-year-of-life-a-nationwide-analysis-of-factors-shaping-costs-health-care-use-and-place-of-death-in-england
#8
Benjamin Hudson, Jeff Round, Brendan Georgeson, Andrew Pring, Karen Forbes, Catherine Anne McCune, Julia Verne
BACKGROUND: Liver disease mortality increased by 400% in the UK between 1970 and 2010, resulting in rising pressures on acute hospital services, and an increasing need for end-of-life care. We aimed to assess the effect of demographic, clinical, and health-care factors on costs, patterns of health-care use, and place of death in a national cohort of patients with cirrhosis and ascites in their last year of life. METHODS: We did a retrospective, nationwide analysis of all patients who died from cirrhosis in England between 2013 and 2015, who required large-volume paracentesis in their last year of life...
November 14, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140758/personal-accounts-of-poverty-a-thematic-analysis-of-social-media
#9
Mary A Caplan, Gregory Purser, Peter A Kindle
The field of social work seeks to enhance human well-being by addressing the needs of people living in poverty. Three billion people around the world use the internet daily, and 65% of them use social media. This article qualitatively identifies emergent themes about the lived experiences of poverty from people who reported either being poor or having have been poor, using selected social media posts (N = 1,495) on the website Reddit. We found that the experiences of poverty bring arduousness and hardship, which necessitates an arsenal of survival strategies and skills...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140469/superdrug2-a-one-stop-resource-for-approved-marketed-drugs
#10
Vishal B Siramshetty, Oliver Andreas Eckert, Björn-Oliver Gohlke, Andrean Goede, Qiaofeng Chen, Prashanth Devarakonda, Saskia Preissner, Robert Preissner
Regular monitoring of drug regulatory agency web sites and similar resources for information on new drug approvals and changes to legal status of marketed drugs is impractical. It requires navigation through several resources to find complete information about a drug as none of the publicly accessible drug databases provide all features essential to complement in silico drug discovery. Here, we propose SuperDRUG2 (http://cheminfo.charite.de/superdrug2) as a comprehensive knowledge-base of approved and marketed drugs...
November 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130291/exploring-nutrition-capacity-in-australia-s-charitable-food-sector
#11
Kate Wingrove, Liza Barbour, Claire Palermo
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to explore the capacity of community organisations within Australia's charitable food sector to provide nutritious food to people experiencing food insecurity. A secondary aim was to explore their capacity to provide food in an environment that encourages social interaction. METHODS: This qualitative research used an exploratory case study design and was informed by a nutrition capacity framework. Participants were recruited through SecondBite, a not-for-profit food rescue organisation in Australia...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130029/turking-overtime-how-participant-characteristics-and-behavior-vary-over-time-and-day-on-amazon-mechanical-turk
#12
Antonio A Arechar, Gordon Kraft-Todd, David G Rand
Online experiments allow researchers to collect datasets at times not typical of laboratory studies. We recruit 2,336 participants from Amazon Mechanical Turk to examine if participant characteristics and behaviors differ depending on whether the experiment is conducted during the day versus night, and on weekdays versus weekends. Participants make incentivized decisions involving prosociality, punishment, and discounting, and complete a demographic and personality survey. We find no time or day differences in behavior, but do find that participants at nights and on weekends are less experienced with online studies; on weekends are less reflective; and at night are less conscientious and more neurotic...
July 2017: Journal of the Economic Science Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127060/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-and-autologous-cd133-positive-stem-cell-therapy-in-liver-cirrhosis-realistic-an-open-label-randomised-controlled-phase-2-trial
#13
Philip Noel Newsome, Richard Fox, Andrew L King, Darren Barton, Nwe-Ni Than, Joanna Moore, Christopher Corbett, Sarah Townsend, James Thomas, Kathy Guo, Diana Hull, Heather A Beard, Jacqui Thompson, Anne Atkinson, Carol Bienek, Neil McGowan, Neil Guha, John Campbell, Dan Hollyman, Deborah Stocken, Christina Yap, Stuart John Forbes
BACKGROUND: Results of small-scale studies have suggested that stem-cell therapy is safe and effective in patients with liver cirrhosis, but no adequately powered randomised controlled trials have been done. We assessed the safety and efficacy of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and haemopoietic stem-cell infusions in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled phase 2 trial was done in three UK hospitals and recruited patients with compensated liver cirrhosis and MELD scores of 11·0-15·5...
November 7, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126600/effect-of-treatment-delay-on-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-antifibrinolytics-in-acute-severe-haemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-level-data-from-40%C3%A2-138-bleeding-patients
#14
Angèle Gayet-Ageron, David Prieto-Merino, Katharine Ker, Haleema Shakur, François-Xavier Ageron, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytics reduce death from bleeding in trauma and post-partum haemorrhage. We examined the effect of treatment delay on the effectiveness of antifibrinolytics. METHODS: We did an individual patient-level data meta-analysis of randomised trials done with more than 1000 patients that assessed antifibrinolytics in acute severe bleeding. We identified trials done between Jan 1, 1946, and April 7, 2017, from MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, PubMed, Popline, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform...
November 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124778/giving-versus-acting-using-latent-profile-analysis-to-distinguish-between-benevolent-and-activist-support-for-global-poverty-reduction
#15
Emma F Thomas, Craig McGarty
There are a variety of ways that people can respond to inequality. This article considers the distinction between collective giving and collective acting, but also adopts a focus on the people who engage in those behaviours. Benevolent supporters engage in efforts to alleviate suffering through the transfer of money or provision of goods ('giving'), while activist supporters engage in actions that aim to challenging an underlying injustice or exploitation ('acting'). Using samples obtained through anti-poverty non-governmental organizations (N = 2,340), latent profile analysis suggested two qualitatively different forms of support for global poverty reduction: a benevolent supporter profile (defined by moderate levels of charitable support) and an activist supporter profile (defined by engagement in a suite of socio-political actions)...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124548/development-of-an-experimental-and-digital-cardiovascular-arterial-model-for-transient-hemodynamic-and-postural-change-studies-a-preliminary-framework-analysis
#16
Rodward L Hewlin, John P Kizito
The ultimate goal of the present work is to aid in the development of tools to assist in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Gaining an understanding of hemodynamic parameters for medical implants allow clinicians to have some patient-specific proposals for intervention planning. In the present work an experimental and digital computational fluid dynamics (CFD) arterial model consisting of a number of major arteries (aorta, carotid bifurcation, cranial, femoral, jejunal, and subclavian arteries) were fabricated to study: (1) the effects of local hemodynamics (flow parameters) on global hemodynamics (2) the effects of transition from bedrest to upright position (postural change) on hemodynamics, and (3) diffusion of dye (medical drug diffusion simulation) in the arterial system via experimental and numerical techniques...
November 9, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121113/facial-width-to-height-ratio-differs-by-social-rank-across-organizations-countries-and-value-systems
#17
Tim Hahn, Nils R Winter, Christine Anderl, Karolien Notebaert, Alina Marie Wuttke, Celina Chantal Clément, Sabine Windmann
Facial Width-to-Height Ratio (fWHR) has been linked with dominant and aggressive behavior in human males. We show here that on portrait photographs published online, chief executive officers (CEOs) of companies listed in the Dow Jones stock market index and the Deutscher Aktienindex have a higher-than-normal fWHR, which also correlates positively with their company's donations to charitable causes and environmental awareness. Furthermore, we show that leaders of the world's most influential non-governmental organizations and even the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church, the popes, have higher fWHR compared to controls on public portraits, suggesting that the relationship between displayed fWHR and leadership is not limited to profit-seeking organizations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106611/mvoc-2-0-a-database-of-microbial-volatiles
#18
Marie C Lemfack, Bjoern-Oliver Gohlke, Serge M T Toguem, Saskia Preissner, Birgit Piechulla, Robert Preissner
Metabolic capabilities of microorganisms include the production of secondary metabolites (e.g. antibiotics). The analysis of microbial volatile organic compounds (mVOCs) is an emerging research field with huge impact on medical, agricultural and biotechnical applied and basic science. The mVOC database (v1) has grown with microbiome research and integrated species information with data on emitted volatiles. Here, we present the mVOC 2.0 database with about 2000 compounds from almost 1000 species and new features to work with the database...
November 2, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099104/la-salud-durante-el-cardenismo-1934-1940
#19
Martha Eugenia Rodríguez
The present symposium, Health during the Cardenismo (1934-1940), consist of four studies: Medical sanitary aspects in Mexico by Martha Eugenia Rodríguez; Campaigns against diseases by Carlos Viesca Treviño; Hospitals during Cardenism by Guillermo Fajardo Ortiz; and Military medicine in Mexico by Antonio Moreno Guzmán. Through them is given an integral vision of the state of health and illness during the administration of General Lázaro Cárdenas del Río, the first sexennial presidential government of the twentieth century...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062388/highlights-from-the-win-2017-symposium-26-27-june-2017-paris-france-expediting-global-innovation-in-precision-cancer-medicine
#20
Will Davies
The Worldwide Innovative Networking (WIN) symposium brings together representatives from academic institutions, pharmaceutical partners, technology companies and charitable organisations from across the globe for an annual summit, discussing ongoing research and the latest developments in precision medicine. Now, in its seventh year, the aims of the WIN consortium's annual meeting, to foster communication and collaboration between members and deliver clinical trial results that improve the care and outcomes of patients are presented in open dialogue to encourage debate and discussion...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
keyword
keyword
87188
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"