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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448281/-evaluation-of-factor-structure-and-construct-validity-of-the-12-item-short-version-of-the-opd-structure-questionnaire-opd-sqs-in-psychosomatic-patients
#1
Alexander Obbarius, Nina Obbarius, Felix Fischer, Gregor Liegl, Matthias Rose
BACKGROUND: Screening for personality dysfunction is regarded as increasingly important for treatment planning in clinical settings as this allows to determine specific clinical pathways in an early stage. Recently, the 12-item OPD Structure Questionnaire (OPD-SQS) was developed for this purpose and initial results of the factor structure and validity have been published. This study aimed to investigate and validate the OPD-SQS in further patient samples beyond the team of developers and to provide reference values...
February 15, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443649/use-of-charity-financial-assistance-for-novel-oral-anticancer-agents
#2
Adam J Olszewski, Andrew R Zullo, Christopher R Nering, Justin P Huynh
Novel oral targeted drugs are increasingly used for cancer therapy, but their extreme cost, often exceeding $10,000 per month, poses a significant barrier for patients and insurers alike, leading to the potential breakdown of traditional cost-sharing strategies. Insured patients' routine use of charity assistance to supplement their coverage would indicate a major deficiency in the current health care policies. By using data from a specialty pharmacy affiliated with an academic center (1,557 prescriptions dispensed between January 2014 and March 2017), we examined sources of payment for novel oral anticancer agents, distinguishing contributions from health insurance, patients, and from charitable assistance organizations...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437955/field-study-of-charitable-giving-reveals-that-reciprocity-decays-over-time
#3
Amanda Chuan, Judd B Kessler, Katherine L Milkman
We examine how reciprocity changes over time by studying a large quasiexperiment in the field. Specifically, we analyze administrative data from a university hospital system. The data include information about over 18,000 donation requests made by the hospital system via mail to a set of its former patients in the 4 months after their first hospital visit. We exploit quasiexperimental variation in the timing of solicitation mailings relative to patient hospital visits and find that an extra 30-day delay between the provision of medical care and a donation solicitation decreases the likelihood of a donation by 30%...
February 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412327/-social-healthcare-organizations-a-phenomenological-expression-of-healthcare-privatization-in-brazil
#4
Heloisa Maria Mendonça de Morais, Maria do Socorro Veloso de Albuquerque, Raquel Santos de Oliveira, Ana Karina Interaminense Cazuzu, Nadine Anita Fonseca da Silva
The study analyzed the expansion of Social Healthcare Organizations (OSS in Portuguese) in Brazil from 2009 to 2014. The ten largest OSS were measured according to their budget funding and their qualifications as non-profit organizations were explored, considering evidence of their expansion and consolidation in the management and provision of health services via strategies proper to for-profit private enterprises. The study is descriptive and exploratory and was based on public-domain documents. In their relations with government, the OSS have benefited from legal loopholes and incentives and have expanded accordingly...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405816/the-legacy-of-douglas-guthrie-1885-1975-surgeon-and-medical-historian
#5
Iain Macintyre
After graduating in medicine Douglas Guthrie embarked on a career as an ENT surgeon. When his Edinburgh hospital appointment ended in 1936 he began to write History of Medicine, which, thanks to a favourable review by George Bernard Shaw, became a worldwide best seller when first published in 1945. This marked the start of Guthrie's second career as a lecturer in history of medicine at the University of Edinburgh where his prime responsibility was delivering systematic lectures on medical history to medical undergraduates...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385580/patient-communication-of-cancer-genetic-test-results-in-a-diverse-population
#6
Charité N Ricker, Rachel B Koff, Chenxu Qu, Julie Culver, Duveen Sturgeon, Kerry E Kingham, Katrina Lowstuter, Nicolette M Chun, Courtney Rowe-Teeter, Alexandra Lebensohn, Peter Levonian, Katlyn Partynski, Karlena Lara-Otero, Christine Hong, Iva M Petrovchich, Meredith A Mills, Anne-Renee Hartman, Brian Allen, Uri Ladabaum, Kevin McDonnell, James M Ford, Stephen B Gruber, Allison W Kurian, Gregory E Idos
Research on the communication of genetic test results has focused predominately on non-Hispanic White (NHW) mutation-positive families with high-risk hereditary cancer conditions. Little is known about this process for racially and ethnically diverse individuals or for those with mutations in moderate risk genes. The communication behaviors of study participants who carry a gene mutation were analyzed 3 months after disclosure of genetic test results. Participants were queried about communication of their results, as part of a prospective study of multi-gene panel genetic testing...
January 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384696/a-social-network-analysis-of-canadian-food-insecurity-policy-actors
#7
Lynn McIntyre, Geneviève Jessiman-Perreault, Catherine L Mah, Jenny Godley
PURPOSE: This paper aims to: (i) visualize the networks of food insecurity policy actors in Canada, (ii) identify potential food insecurity policy entrepreneurs (i.e., individuals with voice, connections, and persistence) within these networks, and (iii) examine the political landscape for action on food insecurity as revealed by social network analysis. METHODS: A survey was administered to 93 Canadian food insecurity policy actors. They were each asked to nominate 3 individuals whom they believed to be policy entrepreneurs...
January 31, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379864/guide-to-enable-health-charities-to-increase-recruitment-to-clinical-trials-on-dementia
#8
Larry W Chambers, Megan Harris, Elizabeth Lusk, Debbie Benczkowski
Introduction: The Alzheimer Society embarked on a project to improve ways that the 60 provincial and local Societies in Canada can work with local researchers to support recruitment of volunteers to clinical trials and studies. A Guide to assist these offices was produced to design ethical recruitment of research volunteers within their client populations. Methods: Consultations with individuals from provincial and local Societies, as well as researchers and leaders from health-related organizations, were conducted to identify in what ways these organizations are involved in study volunteer recruitment, what is and is not working, and what would be helpful to support future efforts...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374526/small-sustainable-monetary-incentives-versus-charitable-donations-to-promote-exercise-rationale-design-and-baseline-data-from-a-randomized-pilot-study
#9
David M Williams, Harold H Lee, Lauren Connell, Holly Boyle, Jessica Emerson, Kelley Strohacker, Omar Galárraga
Regular physical activity (PA) enhances weight-loss and reduces risk of chronic disease. However, as few as 10% of U.S. adults engage in regular PA. Incentive programs to promote PA have shown some promise, but have typically used incentives that are too large to sustain over time and have not demonstrated habit formation or been tested in community settings. This report presents the rationale and design of a randomized pilot study testing the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of small monetary incentives for PA (n=25) versus charitable donations in the same amount (n=25) versus control (n=25) over 12months among 75 low-active but otherwise healthy adults at a local YMCA...
January 24, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365346/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Fiona G Stacey, Kate M O'Brien, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Embase to identify eligible trials on 25 September 2017...
January 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359630/increasing-full-child-immunization-rates-by-government-using-an-innovative-computerized-immunization-due-list-in-rural-india
#11
Enakshi Ganguly, Rahul Gupta, Alik Widge, R Purushotham Reddy, K Balasubramanian, P S Reddy
Increasing child vaccination coverage to 85% or more in rural India from the current level of 50% holds great promise for reducing infant and child mortality and improving health of children. We have tested a novel strategy called Rural Effective Affordable Comprehensive Health Care (REACH) in a rural population of more than 300 000 in Rajasthan and succeeded in achieving full immunization coverage of 88.7% among children aged 12 to 23 months in a short span of less than 2 years. The REACH strategy was first developed and successfully implemented in a demonstration project by SHARE INDIA in Medchal region of Andhra Pradesh, and was then replicated in Rajgarh block of Rajasthan in cooperation with Bhoruka Charitable Trust (private partners of Integrated Child Development Services and National Rural Health Mission health workers in Rajgarh)...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349373/lower-extremity-compartment-syndrome-after-elective-percutaneous-fenestrated-endovascular-repair-of-an-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#12
John F Charitable, Thomas S Maldonado
Ischemic complications after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR) can result in significant morbidity and mortality. We present a case of a 65-year-old man who underwent a FEVAR complicated by bilateral lower extremity compartment syndrome requiring four-compartment fasciotomies. This ischemic complication was likely caused by sheath occlusion because the patient had no evidence of arterial injury or distal plaque embolization. This case highlights the importance of careful postoperative monitoring after FEVAR, because the larger sheaths required can be occlusive and result in lower extremity ischemia, even for relatively short cases...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336111/beyond-mere-pill-taking-sms-reminders-for-hiv-treatment-adherence-delivered-to-mobile-phones-of-clients-in-a-community-support-network-in-australia
#13
Limin Mao, Andrew Buchanan, Horas Tze Hoo Wong, Asha Persson
SMS reminders sent to personal mobiles are increasingly used by clinical services to promote patient engagement, including adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV. From August to September 2015, a 6-week, randomised SMS reminder for ART adherence intervention was implemented among 98 HIV-positive clients of Australian's largest HIV charitable organisation located in Sydney. This was followed by a mixed-method evaluation, comprising a self-completed online survey and a one-to-one interview. Of the 62 survey participants, all being men, the majority were gay (85...
January 15, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335713/risk-for-arterial-and-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-with-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Malin Hultcrantz, Magnus Björkholm, Paul W Dickman, Ola Landgren, Åsa R Derolf, Sigurdur Y Kristinsson, Therese M L Andersson
Background: Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are reported to be at increased risk for thrombotic events. However, no population-based study has estimated this excess risk compared with matched control participants. Objective: To assess risk for arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with MPNs compared with matched control participants. Design: Matched cohort study. Setting: Population-based setting in Sweden from 1987 to 2009, with follow-up to 2010...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322712/a-cross-sectional-study-of-cardiovascular-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-an-urban-indian-tertiary-care-centre-with-emphasis-on-2-d-echocardiography
#15
Seema Kini, Chetan Vekhande, Vikram Londhey
Background: Cardiovascular manifestations are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality in patients with SLE. A wide range of manifestations due to active lupus, like pericarditis, valvular affection, myocarditis, and less commonly pulmonary hypertension, are described. This study was undertaken to study cardiovascular manifestations in SLE, with a focus on echocardiography findings, in an urban Indian setting. Methodology: Fifty consecutive cases of SLE following up in the Rheumatology Clinic of TNMC and BYL Nair Charitable hospital, an Indian tertiary care hospital were studied...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319715/identification-and-return-of-a-skull-from-tasmania-in-the-berlin-anatomical-collection
#16
Andreas Winkelmann, Barbara Teßmann
Following a request by the Australian government, human remains of Australian origin were identified in the anatomical collection of Charité, the medical faculty of Berlin. We initiated an interdisciplinary provenance research on such remains to ensure their identity, elucidate their history, and prepare for a possible return to Australia. Here, we present results regarding a skull in the collection labeled as stemming from Tasmania. The non-invasive anthropological investigation revealed the skull to stem from a girl of about 15 years of age who most likely died of a massive otitis/petrositis with subsequent meningitis...
December 7, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316935/estimating-the-returns-to-united-kingdom-publicly-funded-musculoskeletal-disease-research-in-terms-of-net-value-of-improved-health-outcomes
#17
Matthew Glover, Erin Montague, Alexandra Pollitt, Susan Guthrie, Stephen Hanney, Martin Buxton, Jonathan Grant
BACKGROUND: Building on an approach applied to cardiovascular and cancer research, we estimated the economic returns from United Kingdom public- and charitable-funded musculoskeletal disease (MSD) research that arise from the net value of the improved health outcomes in the United Kingdom. METHODS: To calculate the economic returns from MSD-related research in the United Kingdom, we estimated (1) the public and charitable expenditure on MSD-related research in the United Kingdom between 1970 and 2013; (2) the net monetary benefit (NMB), derived from the health benefit in quality adjusted life years (QALYs) valued in monetary terms (using a base-case value of a QALY of £25,000) minus the cost of delivering that benefit, for a prioritised list of interventions from 1994 to 2013; (3) the proportion of NMB attributable to United Kingdom research; and (4) the elapsed time between research funding and health gain...
January 10, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#18
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297404/tithing-programs-pathways-for-enhancing-and-improving-the-health-status-of-the-underprivileged
#19
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: While quick and easy access to healthcare services is a reality for some, others experience significant hardships, even for receipt of the most basic health and medical care and attention. To those who effectively have been shut out of the healthcare marketplace due largely to economic deficiencies, healthcare providers engaged in the delivery of charitable services are a critical lifeline. Myriad attempts by governmental entities to remedy disparate access and shore up the delivery of healthcare services directed toward the disadvantaged have failed to close gaps, warranting pursuit of novel methods that offer potential and the hope that sufficient access might one day become a reality...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297402/bridging-access-gaps-experienced-by-the-underserved-the-need-for-healthcare-providers-to-look-within-for-answers
#20
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Health and medical providers dedicated to serving the poor face daunting challenges, with the most obvious one pertaining to the provision of services with little or no expectation of remuneration. This hardship often is overlooked by broad society as many view the delivery of healthcare services to indigent populations to be covered fully by government health insurance programs or other forms of public assistance. This, however, is only partially true and, even when reimbursements or similar payments are provided, they often fall short of covering the actual costs associated with rendering services...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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