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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026733/safety-of-a-new-synbiotic-starter-formula
#1
Yvan Vandenplas, Antonis Analitis, Chara Tziouvara, Athina Kountzoglou, Anastasia Drakou, Manos Tsouvalas, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Xinias
PURPOSE: Breastfeeding is the best way to feed all infants, but not all infants can be (exclusively) breastfed. Cow's milk based infant formula is the second choice infant feeding. METHODS: The safety of a new synbiotic infant formula, supplemented with Bifidobacterium lactis and fructo-oligosaccharides, with lactose and a whey/casein 60/40 protein ratio was tested in 280 infants during 3 months. RESULTS: The median age of the infants at inclusion was 0...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019855/bovine-colostrum-for-preterm-infants-in-the-first-days-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#2
Sandra Meinich Juhl, Xuqiang Ye, Ping Zhou, Yanqi Li, Elisabeth Omolabake Iyore, Lixia Zhang, Pingping Jiang, Johannes B van Goudoever, Gorm Greisen, Per Torp Sangild
OBJECTIVES: Mother's own milk (MM) is the best nutrition for newborn preterm infants, but is often limited in supply just after birth. Pasteurized human donor milk (DM), and especially preterm infant formula (IF) are less optimal diets than MM. We hypothesized that it is feasible to use bovine colostrum (BC), the first milk from cows, as a supplement to MM, during the first weeks after preterm birth. METHODS: In an open-label, randomized, controlled pilot safety trial, supplementation of MM with BC was compared with DM supplementation (Danish unit) or IF supplementation (Chinese unit)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018787/cesarean-section-formula-feeding-and-infant-antibiotic-exposure-separate-and-combined-impacts-on-gut-microbial-changes-in-later-infancy
#3
Farzana Yasmin, Hein Min Tun, Theodore Brian Konya, David S Guttman, Radha S Chari, Catherine J Field, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Irina Dinu, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Established during infancy, our complex gut microbial community is shaped by medical interventions and societal preferences, such as cesarean section, formula feeding, and antibiotic use. We undertook this study to apply the significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) method to quantify changes in gut microbial composition during later infancy following the most common birth and postnatal exposures affecting infant gut microbial composition. Gut microbiota of 166 full-term infants in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort were profiled using 16S high-throughput gene sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985721/a-descriptive-pilot-study-of-cytokine-production-following-stimulation-of-ex-vivo-whole-blood-with-commercial-therapeutic-feline-hydrolyzed-diets-in-individual-healthy-immunotolerant-cats
#4
Aarti Kathrani, Jennifer A Larsen, Gino Cortopassi, Sandipan Datta, Andrea J Fascetti
BACKGROUND: Hydrolyzed diets are used in companion animals for the diagnosis and treatment of adverse food reaction. Similarly, hydrolyzed formulas are used in human infants with severe inflammatory bowel disease or milk allergy, and these must meet the standard of hypoallergenicity through rigorous testing. Unfortunately, no standards are currently applied to hydrolyzed veterinary therapeutic diets, and data for the immunogenicity of feline diets is also not available. Therefore, the main aim of this pilot study was to determine if ex-vivo whole blood stimulation assays could be used to characterize the cytokine response to hydrolyzed commercial diets in a small number of individual healthy immunotolerant cats...
October 6, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977316/pediatricians-representations-on-dairy-alternatives-when-weaning-is-unavoidable
#5
Vicente Sarubbi, Camila Junqueira Muylaert, Isabella Teixeira Bastos, Paulo Rogério Gallo, Claudio Leone
OBJECTIVE: To analyze pediatricians' representations on the nutritional alternatives that are adopted when weaning becomes inevitable. METHODS: This is a mixed cross-sectional analytical study with probabilistic sampling. Fifty-seven randomly selected pediatricians were interviewed with the use of a semi-structured script for thematic analysis. The technique of free evocations was used, and the terms were processed using software EVOC 2005. The thematic categories were established on software NVivo10, and their co-occurrence matrix was exported and analyzed in terms of their simple similarity hierarchy on software CHIC...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977315/habits-and-attitudes-of-mothers-of-infants-in-relation-to-breastfeeding-and-artificial-feeding-in-11-brazilian-cities
#6
Mauro Batista de Morais, Ary Lopes Cardoso, Tamara Lazarini, Elaine Martins Bento Mosquera, Márcia Carvalho Mallozi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between habits and attitudes of mothers and the types of milk offered to their children in their first two years of life. METHODS: Retrospective study including 773 interviews of mothers from 11 Brazilian cities with children under 2 years of age. Interviews were conducted in 11 cities of Brazil. The following factors were analyzed: breastfeeding method planned during pregnancy and the method actually applied after birth; type(s) of milk(s) used on the day of the interview and earlier; age at which the child was introduced to whole milk; and source of advice used to choose a certain type of milk...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971167/positive-effects-of-meal-frequency-and-calorie-restriction-on-antioxidant-systems-in-rats
#7
Hasan Basri Savas, Fatih Gultekin, Ibrahim Metin Ciris
OBJECTIVE: In living organisms, there is a balance between the oxidant and antioxidant systems. Reactive products continuously formed by exogenous and endogenous sources are rendered harmless by the antioxidant system. Oxidative stress is an etiological factor in aging and the development of various diseases. In the present study, the aim was to investigate the effects of meal frequency and calorie restriction on oxidant-antioxidant systems in rat serum and tissue. METHODS: Nine adult male Wistar Albino rats were used for the pilot study, and another 24 adult male Wistar Albino rats, also weighing 200 to 250 g each, were included in the main study...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969523/postoperative-feeding-regimens-after-laparoscopic-gastrostomy-placement
#8
Eric H Rosenfeld, Kirea Mazzolini, Annalyn DeMello, Yangyang R Yu, Timothy C Lee, Bindi Naik-Mathuria, Mark V Mazziotti, Sohail R Shah
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate postoperative feeding regimens after laparoscopic gastrostomy placement and their effect on outcomes. METHODS: Children 18 years of age or younger, who underwent laparoscopic gastrostomy placement at a tertiary-care academic children's hospital between January 2014 and October 2016, were reviewed. Data collected included patient characteristics, postoperative feeding regimen, and clinical outcomes. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Wilcoxon Rank-Sum tests...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968486/protein-hydrolysate-versus-standard-formula-for-preterm-infants
#9
REVIEW
Derek Hang Cheong Ng, Joel Klassen, Nicholas D Embleton, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: When human milk is not available for feeding preterm infants, protein hydrolysate rather than standard cow's milk formulas (with intact proteins) are often used because they are perceived as being tolerated better and less likely to lead to complications. However, protein hydrolysate formulas are more expensive than standard formulas, and concern exists that their use in practice is not supported by high-quality evidence. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of feeding preterm infants with hydrolysed formula (versus standard cow's milk formulas) on the risk of feed intolerance, necrotising enterocolitis, and other morbidity and mortality in preterm infants...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964271/interlaboratory-validation-of-a-stable-isotope-dilution-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-determination-of-aflatoxins-in-milk-milk-based-infant-formula-and-feed
#10
Kai Zhang, Chia-Ding Liao, Shristi Prakash, Michael Conway, Hwei-Fang Cheng
An interlaboratory study was conducted to evaluate stable isotope dilution and LC tandem MS (MS/MS) for the determination of aflatoxins B1, B₂, G1, G₂, and M1 (AFB1, AFB₂, AFG1, AFG₂, and AFM1) in milk, milk-based infant formula (formula), and feed. Samples were first fortified with five (13)C uniformly labeled aflatoxins {[(13)C]–internal standard (IS)} corresponding to the five native aflatoxins, which were subsequently extracted with acetonitrile–water (50 + 50, v/v), followed by centrifugation, filtration, and LC-MS/MS analysis...
October 2, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960594/birthweight-hiv-exposure-and-infant-feeding-as-predictors-of-malnutrition-in-botswanan-infants
#11
P Chalashika, C Essex, D Mellor, J A Swift, S Langley-Evans
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the nutritional status of infants who are HIV-Exposed-Uninfected (HEU) and HIV-Unexposed-Uninfected (HUU) during their first 1000 days is key to improving population health, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared the nutritional status, feeding practices and determinants of nutritional status of HEU and HUU infants residing in representative selected districts in Botswana during their first 1000 days of life...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960522/near-infrared-spectroscopy-is-a-promising-non-invasive-technique-for-monitoring-the-effects-of-feeding-regimens-on-the-cerebral-and-splanchnic-regions
#12
Alice Grometto, Benedetta Pizzo, Maria Chiara Strozzi, Francesca Gazzolo, Diego Gazzolo
AIM: The effects of different milk and, or, administration regimens on cerebro-splanchnic perfusion are still a matter of debate. We investigated the effects of the bolus administration of breast milk or formula on cerebro-splanchnic oximetry, function and perfusion, assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS: This observational study of 30 infants fed with breast (n=15) or formula (n=15) milk, and matched for gestational age and birth weight, was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit of the C Arrigo Children's Hospital, Alessandria, Italy, a tertiary level referral centre, from October 2015 to December 2016...
September 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960460/the-impact-of-immigration-on-the-breastfeeding-practices-of-mainland-chinese-immigrants-in-hong-kong
#13
Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Dorothy Li Bai, Noel P T Chan, Janet Y H Wong, Marie Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Researchers have found breastfeeding disparities between immigrant and native-born women in many countries. However, most studies on immigration and breastfeeding practices have been in Western countries. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of length of time since immigration on the breastfeeding practices of Mainland Chinese immigrants living in Hong Kong. METHODS: We recruited 2704 mother-infant pairs from the postnatal wards of four public hospitals in Hong Kong...
September 28, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955076/the-determination-of-infant-feeding-attitudes-among-turkish-mothers-using-the-iowa-infant-feeding-attitude-scale
#14
Sumeyra Topal, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Unal Erkorkmaz, Nursan Cinar, Sevin Altinkaynak
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale is a valid and reliable scale for Turkish mothers, and to assess maternal attitudes toward various aspects of infant feeding. METHODS: This methodological, analytical study was conducted at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey, from June to August 2015, and comprised mothers of newborn babies. Data was collected using the Turkish version of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952343/decisions-regarding-newborn-feeding-by-latina-mothers
#15
Amy Jones, Lara Reller, James Knowles, Feng-Chang Lin, Jacob Lohr
This study examined the factors that influence Latina mothers' decisions to initiate breastfeeding, formula feeding, or both, and when a given neonatal feeding method is decided, in order to assess the optimum time for healthcare providers to discuss nutrition decisions. A Spanish-speaking health care provider orally administered a 24-question survey to self-identified Latina mothers in the Newborn Nursery at North Carolina Children's Hospital after delivery. A total of 152 Latina mothers, aged 17 to 43 years, were interviewed from September 2014 to September 2015...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949070/long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-infant-formula-and-cardiovascular-markers-in-childhood
#16
Linda P M Pluymen, Geertje W Dalmeijer, Henriëtte A Smit, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Cornelis K van der Ent, Lenie van Rossem
To investigate whether children who consumed infant formula supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) had a more favourable cardiovascular profile than children who consumed formula without these fatty acids, we used the Wheezing Illnesses Study Leidsche Rijn, a birth cohort that included 2,468 newborns between 2001 and 2014. Data on infant feeding were obtained by questionnaires. At age 5, blood pressure, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and carotid distension were measured. We used multivariable linear regression analysis to compare levels of cardiovascular markers in formula-fed children born before and after the LCPUFA supplementation...
September 26, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942532/sterigmatocystin-and-aflatoxin-b1-contamination-of-corn-soybean-meal-and-formula-feed-in-japan
#17
Masayo Nomura, Koji Aoyama, Takayuki Ishibashi
Sterigmatocystin (STC) and aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) were analyzed in 246 corn samples, 126 soybean meal samples, and 861 formula feed samples from the Japanese market between April 2010 and March 2015. The detection rate, the highest concentration, and the mean concentration of STC were respectively 14%, 6.4 μg/kg, and 1.2 μg/kg for corn; 14%, 1.1 μg/kg, and 0.63 μg/kg for soybean meal; and 43%, 9.1 μg/kg, and 0.97 μg/kg for formula feed. The detection rate, the highest concentration, and the mean concentration of AFB1 were respectively 46%, 24 μg/kg, and 3...
September 23, 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940742/fifteen-years-of-using-a-second-stage-protein-substitute-for-weaning-in-phenylketonuria-a-retrospective-study
#18
S Evans, A Daly, J MacDonald, A Pinto, A MacDonald
BACKGROUND: In phenylketonuria (PKU), during weaning, it is necessary to introduce a second stage phenylalanine (Phe)-free protein substitute (PS) to help meet non-Phe protein requirements. Semi-solid weaning Phe-free PS have been available for >15 years, although no long-term studies have reported their efficacy. METHODS: Retrospective data from 31 children with PKU who commenced a weaning PS were collected from clinical records from age of weaning to 2 years, on: gender; birth order; weaning age; anthropometry; blood Phe levels; age commenced and dosage of weaning PS and Phe-free infant L-amino acid formula; natural protein intake; and issues with administration of PS or food...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#19
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929948/moderately-high-protein-enteral-formula-improved-retinol-binding-protein-in-tube-fed-patients-a-multicentre-open-study
#20
Veeradej Pisprasert, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Tanarat Lepananon, Surat Komindr
BACKGROUND: Long-term inadequate dietary consumption may increase the possibility of malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. Enteral nutrition (EN) is a beneficial support that could help to maintain nutritional status and gut function. AIM: Our aim was to evaluate the effect of moderately high-protein enteral formula containing fibre on nutritional status, and its safety. METHOD: A total of 23 tube-feeding-dependent adult patients were included in this multicentre, open-label study...
September 2017: Nutrition and Health
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