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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547837/does-body-image-influence-the-relationship-between-body-weight-and-breastfeeding-maintenance-in-new-mothers
#1
Vivien Swanson, Alice Keely, Fiona C Denison
OBJECTIVES: Obese women have lower breastfeeding initiation and maintenance rates than healthy weight women. Research generally focuses on biomedical explanations for this. Psychosocial factors including body image and well-being after childbirth are less well understood as predictors of breastfeeding. In obese and healthy weight women, we investigated changes in body image between 72 hrs post-delivery and 6-8 weeks post-natal, studying how women's body image related to breastfeeding initiation and maintenance...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542713/withdrawn-infant-formulas-containing-hydrolysed-protein-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-allergy
#2
REVIEW
David A Osborn, John Kh Sinn, Lisa J Jones
BACKGROUND: Allergy is common and may be associated with foods, including cow's milk formula (CMF). Formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been used to treat infants with allergy. However, it is unclear whether hydrolysed formulas can be advocated for prevention of allergy in infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects on allergy and food allergy when infants are fed a hydrolysed formula versus CMF or human breast milk. If hydrolysed formulas are effective, to determine what type of hydrolysed formula is most effective, including extensively or partially hydrolysed formula (EHF/PHF)...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541261/nutrient-enriched-infant-formula-is-associated-with-higher-weight-gain-for-low-birth-weight-infants
#3
Michelle Ngan, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Marc G Weiss, Holly Kramer
OBJECTIVE: Nutrient-enriched formulas were developed to provide extra nutrients and facilitate optimal growth for low birth weight infants. This study examined the association between use of nutrient-enriched formulas and weight gain among low birth weight infants (birth weight 1500-2500 g). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data from infants enrolled in the Illinois Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Analyses were limited to infants born in 2010 with low birth weight (1500-2500 g, n = 3130)...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540291/evaluation-of-two-dry-commercial-therapeutic-diets-for-the-management-of-feline-chronic-gastroenteropathy
#4
Sally C Perea, Stanley L Marks, Leighann Daristotle, Patricia E Koochaki, Richard Haydock
Management of feline chronic gastroenteropathies has included intervention with both veterinary therapeutic formulas designed to manage non-specific gastrointestinal disorders and those designed with limited novel or hydrolyzed ingredients for management of food-responsive enteropathies and steroid-responsive enteropathies (inflammatory bowel disease). There have been few studies evaluating the use of dietary intervention for the management of feline chronic gastroenteropathy. This prospective, multi-center study evaluated the use of two commercially available feline veterinary therapeutic dry diets designed to manage non-specific gastrointestinal disorders in 28 cats with a history of chronic vomiting and/or diarrhea...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538523/the-effect-of-maternal-milk-on-tolerance-and-growth-in-premature-infants-a-hypothesis-generating-study
#5
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult because of feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the relation between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537329/efficacy-of-a-disease-specific-nutritional-support-for-pressure-ulcer-healing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
E Cereda, J C L Neyens, R Caccialanza, M Rondanelli, J M G A Schols
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence on the efficacy of high-calorie, high-protein nutritional formula enriched with arginine, zinc, and antioxidants (disease-specific support) in patients with pressure ulcers (PUs). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials in English published from January 1997 until October 2015 were searched for in electronic databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed, and CINAHL). Studies comparing a disease-specific nutritional support (oral supplements or tube feeding) to a control nutritional intervention enabling the satisfaction of energy requirements regardless of the use of high-calorie formula or placebo or no support for at least 4 weeks were considered eligible...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536206/dextrose-gel-treatment-does-not-impair-subsequent-feeding
#7
Philip J Weston, Deborah L Harris, Jane E Harding
BACKGROUND: Dextrose gel is increasingly used as first-line treatment for neonatal hypoglycaemia. Treatment with 400 mg/kg previously has been reported to impair subsequent feeding. We sought to determine if the recommended dose of 200 mg/kg altered feeding. METHODS: Hypoglycaemic babies were randomised to 200 mg/kg dextrose gel or placebo and fed. Prefeed alertness, quality and duration of breast feeding, and the volume of formula taken were assessed on the next feeding...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535676/uplc-ms-it-tof-identification-of-circumdatins-produced-by-a-ochraceus
#8
Jesus Maria Gonzalez, Amparo Alfonso, M J Sainz, Mercedes R Vieytes, Luis M Botana
A method based on the combined use of ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry - ion trap - time of flight (UPLC-MS-IT-TOF) detection was employed to identify the metabolite production of Aspergillus ochraceus, which is the major cause of food and feed contamination due to ochratoxin A (OTA). Under the proposed chromatographic conditions, the separation and identification of seven metabolites belonging to the family of circumdatins was achieved. Their initial identification was performed through the exact molecular formula, as a function of their accurate mass...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531395/nationwide-survey-of-nutritional-management-in-an-asian-upper-middle-income-developing-country-government-hospitals-combination-of-quantitative-survey-and-focus-group-discussion
#9
K Chittawatanarat, K Tosanguan, U Chaikledkaew, S Tejavanija, Y Teerawattananon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The objective of this study was to identify the differences in pattern, process, and management of nutrition care in government hospitals in Thailand (an Asian upper-middle income developing country). METHODS: This is a combination of a quantitative nationwide questionnaire survey and focus group discussions. A total of 2300 questionnaires were sent to government hospitals across Thailand. The responders were divided by routine-nutrition screening/assessment unit vs...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531098/increase-in-weight-in-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-infants-fed-fortified-breast-milk-versus-formula-milk-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Pui Hing Chau, Heidi Sze Lok Fan, Kam Ming Chan, Bill H Chan, Genevieve P C Fung, Marie Tarrant
There has been a dramatic rise in preterm births in developed countries owing to changes in clinical practices and greater use of assisted reproductive techniques. However, few studies have examined the growth and outcomes of preterm infants according to the type of feeding (with fortified breast milk or formula). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of breast milk feedings and formula on the growth and short-term outcomes of preterm infants in Hong Kong. In a single-center retrospective cohort study, we included 642 preterm infants at gestational age <37 weeks with birth weights <2200 g...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#11
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521324/the-role-of-hydrolyzed-formula-in-allergy-prevention
#12
Michael D Cabana
Asthma, eczema, food allergy, and allergic rhinitis are some of the most common pediatric, chronic conditions in the world. Breastfeeding is the optimal way to feed all infants. For those infants who are exposed to infant formula, some studies suggest that certain partially hydrolyzed or extensively hydrolyzed formulas may decrease the risk of allergic disease compared to nonhydrolyzed formulas for children with a family history of atopic disease. Overall, there is some evidence to suggest that partially hydrolyzed whey formulas and extensively hydrolyzed casein formulas may decrease the risk of developing eczema for infants at high risk of allergic disease...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#13
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507014/associations-between-breastfeeding-and-maternal-responsiveness-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Alison K Ventura
Recent recommendations and prevention programs have focused on the promotion of responsive feeding during infancy, but more research is needed to understand best practices for fostering responsive feeding during early life. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the accumulating bodies of evidence aimed at understanding associations between mothers' feeding experiences and responsive feeding in an attempt to clarify the nature of associations between feeding mode and responsive feeding. A literature search was conducted between January and October 2016; articles were collected from PsychINFO, Medline, and CINAHL, as well as from references in published research and reviews...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506352/-effect-of-breastfeeding-versus-formula-milk-feeding-on-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Yong-Wei Li, Chao-Ying Yan, Lei Yang, Zong-Lai Han
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the importance of breastfeeding in preterm infants with various gestational ages. METHODS: A total of 639 preterm infants with a gestational age of 28(+3)-36(+6) weeks were enrolled, and according to the feeding pattern, they were divided into exclusive breastfeeding group (n=237) and formula milk feeding group (fed with liquid milk for preterm infants; n=402). These two feeding patterns were compared in terms of their effects on weight gain, laboratory markers including albumin (Alb) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), incidence rate of feeding intolerance, and incidence rates of complications including necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504574/gut-dysbiosis-following-c-section-instigates-higher-colonisation-of-toxigenic-clostridium-perfringens-in-infants
#16
R Nagpal, H Tsuji, T Takahashi, K Nomoto, K Kawashima, S Nagata, Y Yamashiro
Herein we investigated the intestinal carriage of α-toxigenic and enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens during infancy, focusing on its association with other gut microbes and mode of delivery and feeding. Faecal samples from 89 healthy term infants were collected at age 7 days, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 3 years. C. perfringens was quantified by qPCR; other gut bacteria were quantified by reverse-transcription-qPCR. Alpha-toxigenic C. perfringens was detected in 3.4% infants at day 7 but was present in 35-40% infants at subsequent time-points, with counts ranging from 10(3)-10(7) cells/g faeces...
May 15, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498519/starting-enteral-nutrition-with-preterm-single-donor-milk-instead-of-formula-affects-time-to-full-enteral-feeding-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#17
Alexandra Kreissl, Elisabeth Sauerzapf, Andreas Repa, Christoph Binder, Margarita Thanhaeuser, Bernd Jilma, Robin Ristl, Angelika Berger, Nadja Haiden
AIM: This study compared the impact of using either single donor breast milk or formula to start enteral feeding in preterm infants, on the time to full enteral feeding, growth and morbidity. The milk was provided by other preterm mothers. METHODS: This was an observational prospective study, carried out from June 2012 - March 2013 at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria, on the effects of preterm single donor milk on 133 very low birth weight infants with a birth weight <1,500g and a gestational age <32 weeks until they were on full enteral feeding...
May 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486519/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-hemoglobin-concentration-in-breastfeeding-women-living-with-hiv-with-a-cd4-count-over-350-results-from-4-african-countries-the-anrs-12174-trial
#18
Eric Nagaonlé Somé, Ingunn M S Engebretsen, Nicolas Nagot, Nicolas Y Meda, Roselyne Vallo, Chipepo Kankasa, James K Tumwine, Mandisa Singata, Justus G Hofmeyr, Philippe Van de Perre, Thorkild Tylleskär
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is recommended for infants born to HIV-infected women in low-income settings. Both breastfeeding and HIV-infection are energy demanding. Our objective was to explore how exclusive and predominant breastfeeding changes body mass index (BMI) among breastfeeding HIV1-positive women participating in the ANRS12174 trial (clinical trial no NCT0064026). METHODS: HIV-positive women (n = 1 267) with CD4 count >350, intending to breastfeed HIV-negative infants were enrolled from Burkina Faso, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia and counselled on breastfeeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480415/anti-diabetic-effects-of-zhuoduqing-formula-a-chinese-herbal-decoction-on-a-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#19
Xiao-Tao Feng, Shu-Yan Tang, Yun-Xia Jiang, Wei Zhao
BACKGROUND: Zhuoduqing formula (ZDQ) is a Chinese herbal decoction and used to treat type 2 diabetes in clinical practice, but the potential evidence needs to be provided. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Type 2 diabetic model rats were induced by feeding high fat diet (HFD) and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The model rats were given ZDQ for 4 weeks. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated by homeostasis model assessment of basal insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479919/nasogastric-tube-feeding-induced-esophageal-bezoar-case-description
#20
Jad A Degheili, Mikhael G Sebaaly, Ali H Hallal
Background. Bezoars are well established entities causing gastrointestinal obstructions. Depending on the prominent constituent of these bezoars, the latter are divided into four subtypes: pharmacobezoars, lactobezoars, trichobezoars, and phytobezoars. Less frequently reported types of bezoars are reported including those formed secondary to nasogastric tube feeding with casein-based formulas. Case Presentation. A 69-year-old male presented following cardiac arrest postmyocardial infarction. Patient sustained anoxic brain injury after resuscitation, rendering him ventilator dependant along with nasogastric tube feeding, initially...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
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