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Formula feeding

Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed Central, CINAHL, Embase and reference lists of identified articles.Study selectionObservational and experimental studies published in English where breastfeeding was the exposure and development of caries was the outcome of interest were considered. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusionData extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed independently by two researchers using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Key data items, exposure and outcome definitions and effect estimates (odds ratios (OR), relative risks, prevalence ratios) with 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) were abstracted where available for inclusion in a meta-analysis...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Yin-Yi Han, Sheng-Ru Lai, Jamie S Partridge, Michael Y Wang, Suela Sulo, Fang-Wei Tsao, Refaat A Hegazi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) often need enteral nutrition (EN) support. For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), standard EN formulas may not provide ideal nutrients. The purpose was to investigate whether use of a diabetes-specific formula (DSF) could provide clinical and health economic benefits (compared to standard formulas) in critically ill patients with T2D. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of medical records and expenditure data covering a 5-year period (2009-2013) from the hospitalization database of the National Taiwan University Hospital...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sonia Fernández-Menéndez, María L Fernández-Sánchez, Héctor González-Iglesias, Belén Fernández-Colomer, José López-Sastre, Alfredo Sanz-Medel
PURPOSE: In this work, the absorption and/or bioavailability of iron from two chemical species, (57)Fe-Lf (apo-lactoferrin) complex and (57)FeSO4 at low and high dose, and in Lf excess were investigated in lactating wistar rats. METHODS: The methodology used is based on the use of stable isotopes in combination with the approach "isotope pattern deconvolution" and ICP-MS for detection. This approach provides quantitative information about exogenous ((57)Fe) and endogenous iron ((nat)Fe) distribution in fluids and tissues in the iron-supplemented rat groups...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Angélica Thomaz Vieira, Claudio Fukumori, Caroline Marcantonio Ferreira
The interaction between the gut microbiota and the host immune system is very important for balancing and resolving inflammation. The human microbiota begins to form during childbirth; the complex interaction between bacteria and host cells becomes critical for the formation of a healthy or a disease-promoting microbiota. C-section delivery, formula feeding, a high-sugar diet, a high-fat diet and excess hygiene negatively affect the health of the microbiota. Considering that the majority of the global population has experienced at least one of these factors that can lead to inflammatory disease, it is important to understand strategies to modulate the gut microbiota...
June 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Carmel T Collins, Jennifer Gillis, Andrew J McPhee, Hiroki Suganuma, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants start milk feeds by gavage tube. As they mature, sucking feeds are gradually introduced. Women who choose to breast feed their preterm infant are not always able to be in hospital with their baby and need an alternative approach to feeding. Most commonly, milk (expressed breast milk or formula) is given by bottle. Whether using bottles during establishment of breast feeds is detrimental to breast feeding success is a topic of ongoing debate. OBJECTIVES: To identify the effects of avoidance of bottle feeds during establishment of breast feeding on the likelihood of successful breast feeding, and to assess the safety of alternatives to bottle feeds...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
W Pérez, N Vazquez, R Ungerfeld
The aims of this study were to describe the anatomy of the mouth and pharynx of the pampas deer, and to consider its evolutionary feeding niche according to those characteristics. Gross dissections of the mouth and pharynx were performed in 15 animals, 10 adult females and five young animals under 1 year (three males and two females), all dead by causes unrelated to this anatomical region. The upper lip entered in the constitution of a pigmented nasolabial plane. The masseter muscles weighed 43.8 ± 3.5 g and represented 0...
October 17, 2016: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Lorena Claumarchirant, Luis Manuel Sanchez-Siles, Esther Matencio, Amparo Alegria, María Jesús Lagarda
Sialic acid (Sia) contents and bioaccessibility (BA) in human milk (HM) and infant formulas (IFs) were determined, and Sia intakes by infants between 0-6 months of age were evaluated. Total Sia contents in HM decreased during lactation from 136.14 to 24.47 mg/100 mL. The total Sia contents in IFs (13.15-25.78 mg/100 mL) were lower than in HM, and were not related to the addition of ingredients acting as sources of Sia in their formulation. The Sia intakes derived from IFs consumption were lower than in HM, and only one IF reached the intakes provided by HM from the age of two months...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
B Patro-Gołąb, B M Zalewski, M Kołodziej, S Kouwenhoven, L Poston, K M Godfrey, B Koletzko, J B van Goudoever, H Szajewska
This study, performed as part of the international EarlyNutrition research project (, provides a systematic review of systematic reviews on the effects of nutritional interventions or exposures in children (up to 3 years of age) on the subsequent risk of obesity, overweight and adiposity. Electronic databases (including MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched up until September 2015. Forty systematic reviews were included. A consistent association of breastfeeding with a modest reduction in the risk of later overweight and obesity in childhood and adulthood was found (the odds decreased by 13% based on high-quality studies), but residual confounding cannot be excluded...
October 17, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult due to feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Y Yang, J-J Pan, X-G Zhou, X-Y Zhou, R Cheng, Y-H Hu
OBJECTIVE: The application of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) has been recommended for treating hemolysis in neonates for several years. But in clinical work, more than one study reported that IVIG treatment maybe increased the risk of NEC in hemolytic patients. In light of this situation, we performed this meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane databases for English references, and in Wanfang, VIP, Cnki databases for Chinese references (all last launched on 2015/12/18)...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Karleen Gribble, Nina Berry, Marko Kerac, Michelle Challinor
A cross-sectional examination of the accuracy of volume markers on infant feeding bottles available for sale in Australia between December 2013 and February 2014 was carried out. Ninety-one bottles representing 28 different brands were examined. Eighty-eight bottles were hard sided. Volumes in these bottles were marked in a combination of milliliters and ounces. Thirty-six (41%) bottles claimed compliance with the European standard EN14350, five (6%) with non-existent Australian standards, and forty-seven (54%) bottles had no standard claim...
October 11, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Caroline Ivanne Le Roy, Luke John Mappley, Roberto Marcello La Ragione, Martin John Woodward, Sandrine Paule Claus
INTRODUCTION: Poultry is one of the most consumed meat in the world and its related industry is always looking for ways to improve animal welfare and productivity. It is therefore essential to understand the metabolic response of the chicken to new feed formulas, various supplements, infections and treatments. OBJECTIVES: As a basis for future research investigating the impact of diet and infections on chicken's metabolism, we established a high-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolic atlas of the healthy chicken (Gallus gallus)...
2016: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
Zahide Yalaki, Selda Ozmen, Medine Aysin Tasar, Yildiz Dallar
Breast feeding is the first and most important step of a healthy diet. Breast milk contains important vitamins and trace elements such as iron, zinc, copper, and vitamin A. The aim of our study was to evaluate the levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, serum iron, iron binding capacity, ferritin, serum zinc, copper and vitamin A in three groups of infants, which were determined based on feeding practices. The infants in all groups were not given prophylactic iron in the first 6 mo. Two hundred fifty-nine infants were included in the study...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Kristy A Bolton, Peter Kremer, Kylie D Hesketh, Rachel Laws, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Rapid growth in the first six months of life is a well-established risk factor for childhood obesity, and child feeding practices (supplementation or substitution of breast milk with formula and early introduction of solids) have been reported to predict this. The third largest immigrant group in Australia originate from China. Case-studies reported from Victorian Maternal and Child Health nurses suggest that rapid growth trajectories in the infants of Chinese parents is common place...
October 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
Cynthia H Whetten
In NICU settings, caring for neonates born as early as 23 weeks gestation presents unique challenges for caregivers. Traditionally, preterm infants who are learning to orally feed take a predetermined volume of breast milk or formula at scheduled intervals, regardless of their individual ability to coordinate each feeding. Evidence suggests that this volume-driven feeding model should be replaced with a more individualized, developmentally appropriate practice. Evidence from the literature suggests that preterm infants fed via cue-based feeding reach full oral feeding status faster than their volume-feeding counterparts and have shorter lengths of stay in the hospital...
October 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
Anita M Nucci, Suvi M Virtanen, Susa Sorkio, Sonja Bärlund, David Cuthbertson, Ulla Uusitalo, Margaret L Lawson, Marja Salonen, Carol L Berseth, Anne Ormisson, Eveliina Lehtonen, Erkki Savilahti, Dorothy J Becker, John Dupré, Jeffrey P Krischer, Mikael Knip, Hans K Åkerblom
Differences in breastfeeding, other milk feeding and complementary feeding patterns were evaluated in infants at increased genetic risk with and without maternal type 1 diabetes (T1D). The Trial to Reduce IDDM in the Genetically at Risk is an international nutritional primary prevention double-blinded randomized trial to test whether weaning to extensively hydrolyzed vs. intact cow's milk protein formula will decrease the development of T1D-associated autoantibodies and T1D. Infant diet was prospectively assessed at two visits and seven telephone interviews between birth and 8 months...
October 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Sophia Komninou, Victoria Fallon, Jason Christian Grovenor Halford, Joanne Alison Harrold
The majority of research examining the barriers to breastfeeding focuses on the physical challenges faced by mothers rather than the risks of encountering negative emotional and practical feeding experiences. We aimed to quantify the emotional and practical experiences of the overall sample of breastfeeding mothers and identify the differences in the emotional and practical experiences of exclusively breastfeeding mothers and combination feeding mothers, by feeding type and intention. Eight hundred forty-five mothers with infants up to 26 weeks of age and who had initiated breastfeeding were recruited through relevant social media via advertisements providing a link to an online survey...
October 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Ludmilla S Camargo, Jonas Ac Silveira, José Aac Taddei, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Allergic proctocolitis is a disease that affects infants in the first months. The change in feed is the primary factor for clinical improvement and maintenance of the nutritional status of the infant. Objective: Study the anthropometric evolution of infants with allergic proctocolitis at diagnosis and 1 to 6 months after nutritional intervention. Methods: A retrospective cohort of infants with allergic proctocolitis diagnosis followed at the Pediatric Gastroenterology Institute of São Paulo (IGASTROPED), Brazil...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Hatice Yagmurdur, Figen Leblebici
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study's main aim was to observe the effects of a fibre-enriched nutrition solution on requisite feeding volume, which is directly proportional to energy intake in mechanically ventilated patients with enteral nutrition. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Some 120 patients who required mechanical ventilation and enteral nutrition with a nasogastric tube were studied. Upon ICU admission, the patient's age, gender, weight, height, comorbidities, diagnosis and APACHE II score were recorded...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Dorothy Li Bai, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Marie Tarrant
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of expressed breast-milk feeding in healthy full-term infants and its association with total duration of breast-milk feeding. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: In-patient postnatal units of four public hospitals in Hong Kong. SUBJECTS: A total of 2450 mother-infant pairs were recruited in 2006-2007 and 2011-2012 and followed up prospectively for 12 months or until breast-milk feeding had stopped...
October 3, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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