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Formula feeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073186/factors-affecting-the-course-of-body-and-kidney-growth-in-infants-with-urolithiasis-a-critical-long-term-evaluation
#1
Kemal Sarica, Fatma Narter, Kubilay Sabuncu, Ahmet Akca, Utku Can, Ayse Buz, H Nese Sarica, Bilal Eryildirim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effects of dietary, patient and stone related factors on the clinical course of the stone disease as well as the body and renal growth status of the infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 children with an history of stone disease during infancy period were studied. Patient (anatomical abnormalities, urinary tract infection - UTI, associated morbidities), stone (obstruction, UTI and required interventions) and lastly dietary (duration of sole breast feeding, formula feeding) related factors which may affect the clinical course of the disease were all evaluated for their effects on the body and renal growth during long-term follow-up...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063217/maternal-acculturation-and-the-growth-of-impoverished-mexican-american-infants
#2
Linda J Luecken, Shannon L Jewell, David P MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Identification of early life risk factors that predispose low-income Hispanic children to obesity is critical. For low-income Mexican American mothers, the cultural context may influence maternal experience and behaviors relevant to infant weight and growth. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 322 low-income Mexican American mother-infant dyads, linear growth modeling examined the relation of maternal acculturation to infant weight gain across the first year and evaluated birth outcomes, breastfeeding, and maternal BMI as mediators...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056273/-study-on-the-contribution-rate-of-follow-up-formula-to-the-nutrient-intake-of-infants-and-young-children-aged-7-24-months-in-china
#3
H Z Li, H X Jia, D Liang, T T Deng, L T Niu, J H Han
Objective: To determine the contribution of follow-up formula (FUF) to the nutrient intake of 7-24-month-old infants and young children. Methods: The cluster random sampling method and the convenience sampling method were used in combination, and geographic and economic factors were taken into consideration. Four areas of China (Beijing, Hebei, Guangxi, Guangdong) were selected, with 120 infants chosen from each of these areas (half of which were 7-12 months old, and half were 13-24 months old). A dietary survey was completed by a continuous 24-hour weighing method over two days...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050407/female-college-students-knowledge-attitude-and-future-intention-towards-breastfeeding-implications-for-advocacy
#4
Ramya Padmanabhan, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam, Palnivel Chinnakalai
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is important for promoting child's health. Since, breastfeeding decisions are made before pregnancy and are strongly influenced by women's knowledge and attitude, it is important to identify knowledge gaps in youth girls. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and future intention regarding infant feeding among female college students in Puducherry, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was done among 307 college going female students...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034306/influence-of-maternal-breast-milk-ingestion-on-acquisition-of-the-intestinal-microbiome-in-preterm-infants
#5
Katherine E Gregory, Buck S Samuel, Pearl Houghteling, Guru Shan, Frederick M Ausubel, Ruslan I Sadreyev, W Allan Walker
BACKGROUND: The initial acquisition and early development of the intestinal microbiome during infancy are important to human health across the lifespan. Mode of birth, antibiotic administration, environment of care, and nutrition have all been shown to play a role in the assembly of the intestinal microbiome during early life. For preterm infants, who are disproportionately at risk of inflammatory intestinal disease (i.e., necrotizing enterocolitis), a unique set of clinical factors influence the establishment of the microbiome...
December 30, 2016: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033240/risk-factors-associated-with-bordetella-pertussis-among-infants-aged-%C3%A2-4-months-in-the-pre-tdap-era-united-states-2002-2005
#6
C Robinette Curtis, Andrew L Baughman, Chas DeBolt, Susan Goodykoontz, Cynthia Kenyon, Barbara Watson, Pamela K Cassiday, Claudia Miller, Lucia C Pawloski, Maria-Lucia C Tondella, Kristine M Bisgard
BACKGROUND: In the United States, infants have the highest reported pertussis incidence and death rates. Improved understanding of infant risk factors is needed to optimize prevention strategies. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled infants ≤4 months of age with incident-confirmed pertussis from 4 sites during 2002-2005 (preceding pertussis-antigen-containing vaccination recommendations for adolescents/adults); each case-patient was age- and site-matched with 2 control subjects...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030867/medications-that-increase-osmolality-and-compromise-the-safety-of-enteral-feeding-in-preterm-infants
#7
Suresh Chandran, Mei Chien Chua, Wanyun Lin, Jia Min Wong, Seyed Ehsan Saffari, Victor Samuel Rajadurai
BACKGROUND: Medications added to preterm milk feeds have the potential to raise osmolality, causing feed intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the osmolality of milk feeds and water with 14 medications and the diluent amounts required to keep the osmolality below the safety threshold of ≤450 mOsm/kg. Changes in the osmolality of milk with medications while on continuous infusion over 2 and 4 h were determined...
December 29, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028913/iodine-status-and-associations-with-feeding-practices-and-psychomotor-milestone-development-in-six-month-old-south-african-infants
#8
Jennifer Osei, Jeannine Baumgartner, Marinel Rothman, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Namukolo Covic, Mieke Faber, Cornelius M Smuts
Iodine is important for normal growth and psychomotor development. While infants below 6 months of age receive iodine from breast milk or fortified infant formula, the introduction of complementary foods poses a serious risk for deteriorating iodine status. This cross-sectional analysis assessed the iodine status of six-month-old South African infants and explored its associations with feeding practices and psychomotor milestone development. Iodine concentrations were measured in infant (n = 386) and maternal (n = 371) urine (urinary iodine concentration [UIC]), and in breast milk (n = 257 [breast milk iodine concentrations])...
December 28, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028291/contaminated-milk-is-a-common-cause-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-a-hypothesis
#9
N Y Boo
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is the most commonly acquired gastrointestinal disease of neonates, particularly the very preterm (gestation <32 weeks) and/or very low birth weight (<1500g). It is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite improvement in neonatal care and increased use of expressed breast milk (EBM), the incidence remains high in many neonatal intensive care units (NICU), and even shows increasing trend in some countries. Numerous studies have pointed to the infective nature of NEC...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027215/complementary-feeding-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#10
Mary Fewtrell, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Iva Hojsak, Jessie M Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard
: This position paper considers different aspects of complementary feeding (CF), focussing on healthy term infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these recommendations: Timing: Exclusive or full breast-feeding should be promoted for at least 4 months (17 weeks, beginning of the 5th month of life) and exclusive or predominant breast-feeding for approximately 6 months (26 weeks, beginning of the 7th month) is a desirable goal. Complementary foods (solids and liquids other than breast milk or infant formula) should not be introduced before 4 months but should not be delayed beyond 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026882/supplemental-feeding-of-captive-neonatal-koalas-phascolarctos-cinereus
#11
Eri Shibata, Izumi Shindo, Etsuko Miyakawa, Nobuhide Kido
Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) are cautious animals, making supplemental feeding of neonates challenging because of disturbances to the normal routine. However, supplemental feeding is beneficial in improving juvenile nutrition using less formula than required for hand-rearing, and allowing maternal bonding to continue through suckling. In this study, two neonatal koalas, delivered by the same mother in 2 years, exhibited insufficient growth post-emergence from the pouch; supplemental feeding was therefore initiated...
December 27, 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009330/failure-to-initiate-breastfeeding-among-high-risk-obstetrical-patients-who-intended-to-breastfeed
#12
L Cordero, R Oza-Frank, M Moore-Clingenpeel, M B Landon, C A Nankervis
BACKGROUND: In the US, at the time of discharge from the hospital, 79% of women had initiated breastfeeding. Intention to breastfeed is a strong predictor of breastfeeding initiation; however, we reported initiation failure in 45% of women with pregestational diabetes who intended to breastfeed. Information regarding intention and initiation among women with other high risk obstetrical conditions (HROB) remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain demographic and clinical factors associated with breastfeeding initiation failure among women with HROB conditions who intended to breastfeed...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008749/insight-responsive-parenting-intervention-is-associated-with-healthier-patterns-of-dietary-exposures-in-infants
#13
Emily E Hohman, Ian M Paul, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a responsive parenting (RP) intervention affects infant dietary patterns. METHODS: Primiparous mother-newborn dyads (n = 291) were randomized to the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) RP intervention or control. Curricula were delivered at nurse home visits at ages 3, 16, 28, and 40 weeks. RP group feeding guidance advised responsive feeding, delayed introduction of solids, repeated exposure to novel foods, and age-appropriate portion sizes...
January 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998193/update-on-dietary-therapy-for-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-and-adults
#14
Javier Molina-Infante, Pedro Luis Gonzalez-Cordero, Angel Arias, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory esophageal disease triggered predominantly, but not excusively, by food antigens. Elimination diet thus remains the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease. Importantly, EoE is a unique form of non-IgE mediated food allergy, largely dependant upon delayed, cell-mediated hypersensitivity. Areas covered: A comprehensive review of literature to summarize and update the most relevant advances on dietary therapy for pediatric and adult EoE patients is conducted...
December 23, 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990174/determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-to-infants-aged-less-than-six-months-in-offa-district-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ayele Lenja, Tsegaye Demissie, Bereket Yohannes, Mulugeta Yohannis
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends timely initiation of breastfeeding after birth and only feeding breast milk to infants during the first 6 months of life. It was estimated that exclusive breastfeeding can reduce infant deaths by 13%. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding is suboptimal in many parts of Ethiopia to a varied extent. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice and the proportion of its practice was not well documented in Offa district...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986740/self-reported-breast-feeding-practices-and-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Cynthia Mosher, Abdullah Sarkar, Alaa AbouBakr Hashem, Reem E Hamadah, Asma Alhoulan, Yosra A AlMakadma, Tehreem A Khan, Abdurahman K Al-Hamdani, Abiola Senok
BACKGROUND: The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a practice guideline for healthcare providers to promote breastfeeding and increase breastfeeding rates. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine reported experiences and views on breastfeeding of women using prenatal and postnatal services, and opinions of staff, in the context of the BFHI programme in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: This prospective, longitudinal study was conducted from December 2013 to September 2015 at two healthcare facilities (BFHI and non-BFHI) in Riyadh Saudi Arabia...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979737/in-vivo-digestomics-of-milk-proteins-in-human-milk-and-infant-formula-using-a-suckling-rat-pup-model
#17
Yasuaki Wada, Brett S Phinney, Darren Weber, Bo Lönnerdal
Human milk is the optimal mode of infant feeding for the first several months of life, and infant formulas serve as an alternative when breast-feeding is not possible. Milk proteins have a balanced amino acid composition and some of them provide beneficial bioactivities in their intact forms. They also encrypt a variety of bioactive peptides, possibly contributing to infant health and growth. However, there is limited knowledge of how milk proteins are digested in the gastrointestinal tract and bioactive peptides are released in infants...
December 13, 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965596/noise-decomposition-principle-in-a-coherent-feed-forward-transcriptional-regulatory-loop
#18
Rong Gui, Quan Liu, Yuangen Yao, Haiyou Deng, Chengzhang Ma, Ya Jia, Ming Yi
Coherent feed-forward loops exist extensively in realistic biological regulatory systems, and are common signaling motifs. Here, we study the characteristics and the propagation mechanism of the output noise in a coherent feed-forward transcriptional regulatory loop that can be divided into a main road and branch. Using the linear noise approximation, we derive analytical formulae for the total noise of the full loop, the noise of the branch, and the noise of the main road, which are verified by the Gillespie algorithm...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958643/nutrient-enriched-formula-versus-standard-formula-for-preterm-infants-following-hospital-discharge
#19
REVIEW
Lauren Young, Nicholas D Embleton, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are often growth-restricted at hospital discharge. Feeding nutrient-enriched formula rather than standard formula to infants after hospital discharge might facilitate 'catch-up' growth and might improve development. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula on growth and development of preterm infants after hospital discharge. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group...
December 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942096/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-status-of-under-five-children-in-rural-and-urban-communities-of-lagos-state-nigeria
#20
Idowu O Senbanjo, Ibiyemi O Olayiwola, Wasiu A O Afolabi
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that urban children generally have a better nutritional status than their rural counterparts. However, data establishing whether this difference in prevalence of undernutrition could be ascribed to difference in dietary practices are few. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare dietary practices and nutritional status of children in rural and urban communities of Lagos State, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a comparative-analytical study conducted using the multistage sampling technique to select the study cases...
November 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
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