keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Formula feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233032/the-impact-of-laboratory-chow-for-rats-in-the-experiments-chemical-and-biological-evaluation-of-nine-grain-based-diet-options
#1
R S Ferreira, L de Souza Morelini, Emc de Azeredo, Ecs Vieira, E B Ferreira, Vsn da Silva, O L Tavano, L Azevedo
Cereal-based diets formulated as semi-purified diets can provide flexibility for researchers, enabling open controlled formulas, besides being cheaper than purified diets. Seeking to widen the researchers' options in their experimental design developments, we aimed at assaying the chemical score, growth performance and protein utilization of nine semi-purified experimental chows. These diets were formulated at 17.8%, 12% and 8% protein contents, using three variations of ingredients for each one, as follows: casein (C), casein+soybean meal (C+S, 1:1 w/w protein) and casein+soybean meal+corn gluten meal (C+S+G, 1:1:1 w/w protein), without cysteine supplementation and setting casein 17...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213297/infant-feeding-pattern-in-the-first-six-months-of-age-in-usa-a-follow-up-study
#2
Wilfried Karmaus, Nelís Soto-Ramírez, Hongmei Zhang
Background: Infant feeding may consist of direct breastfeeding (DBF), pumping and bottle feeding (P&F), formula feeding (FF), solid food feeding (SFF), and any combination. An accurate evaluation of infant feeding requires descriptions of different patterns, consistency, and transition over time. Methods: In United States of America, the Infant Feeding Practice Study II collected information on the mode of feeding on nine occasions in 12 months. We focused on the first 6 months with six feeding occasions...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212627/how-do-infant-feeding-apps-in-china-measure-up-a-content-quality-assessment
#3
Jing Zhao, Becky Freeman, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, with the popularization of mobile phones, the number of health-related mobile phone apps has skyrocketed to 259,000 in 2016. In the digital era, people are accessing health information through their fingertips. In China, there are several apps that claim to provide infant feeding and nutrition guidance. However, the quality of information in those apps has not been extensively assessed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the quality of Chinese infant feeding apps using comprehensive quality assessment criteria and to explore Chinese mothers' perceptions on apps' quality and usability...
December 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211544/feeding-practices-at-discharge-in-very-preterm-infants-neonatal-intensive-care-units-make-the-difference
#4
Carina Rodrigues, Milton Severo, Jennifer Zeitlin, Henrique Barros
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) on feeding practices at discharge of Portuguese very preterm infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 580 very preterm infants (<32 gestational weeks) discharged home from NICUs of two Portuguese regions and enrolled during 2011-2012 in Effective Perinatal Intensive Care in Europe population-based cohort. Maternal and infant characteristics were abstracted from medical records, and heads of NICUs provided the units characteristics...
December 6, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207214/feed-thickener-for-infants-up-to-six-months-of-age-with-gastro-oesophageal-reflux
#5
REVIEW
T'ng Chang Kwok, Shalini Ojha, Jon Dorling
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants, and feed thickeners are often used to manage it in infants as they are simple to use and perceived to be harmless. However, conflicting evidence exists to support the use of feed thickeners. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of feed thickeners in infants up to six months of age with GOR in terms of reduction in a) signs and symptoms of GOR, b) reflux episodes on pH probe monitoring or intraluminal impedance or a combination of both, or c) histological evidence of oesophagitis...
December 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206649/the-importance-of-the-microbiome-in-pediatrics-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#6
Thaidra Gaufin, Nicole H Tobin, Grace M Aldrovandi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emerging research on the pediatric microbiome implicates the importance of the microbiome on the development of the immune system, nervous system, and growth. Changes to the microbiome during infancy are associated with the development of chronic illnesses such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, the microbiome provides protection against certain pathogens, affects vaccine responses, and alters drug metabolism. This review highlights what is known about the microbiome, the establishment of a healthy microbiome and the significance that changes to the microbiome composition have on growth and health of children and adolescents...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196880/role-of-intestinal-hsp70-in-barrier-maintenance-contribution-of-milk-to-the-induction-of-hsp70-2
#7
Rebecca M Rentea, Yuee Guo, Xiaorong Zhu, Mark W Musch, Eugene B Chang, David M Gourlay, Jennifer L Liedel
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease of complex etiology resulting in devastating systemic inflammation and often death in premature newborns. We previously demonstrated that formula feeding inhibits ileal expression of heat shock protein-70 (Hsp70), a critical stress protein within the intestine. Barrier function for the premature intestine is critical. We sought to determine whether reduced Hsp70 protein expression increases neonatal intestinal permeability...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#8
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192576/-mothers-in-the-netherlands-do-not-have-to-feel-guilty-about-bottle-feeding-their-babies
#9
P J J Sauer
Human milk provides optimal nutrition for the term new-born infant. This milk might give the infant certain advantages over formula milk, and the potential advantages are reviewed in this commentary. It is concluded that there are advantages to breastfeeding, but that these are limited for an infant in an industrialised country receiving adequate formula milk. Breastfeeding should be encouraged, but there is insufficient reason for a mother who either is not able or not willing to breastfeed to feel guilty about not doing so...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192566/-breastfeeding-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-changes-between-2009-and-2015
#10
L Quittner, S Franssen, I Steenkamer, C M Renders, M van Eijsden
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in breastfeeding rates in 0 to 6 month old infants in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, over the period from 2009 to 2015, for the total population as well as for various ethnic groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: Breastfeeding rates were examined for the period from 2009 to 2015 in 165,420 registrations of 75,543 infants at the ages of 2 weeks, 3 months and 6 months for the entire Amsterdam population and for various ethnic groups...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191700/health-care-utilization-in-the-first-month-after-birth-and-its-relationship-to-newborn-weight-loss-and-method-of-feeding
#11
Valerie Flaherman, Eric W Schaefer, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian Li, Eileen Walsh, Ian M Paul
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend closer outpatient follow-up for exclusively breastfed newborns, especially those with pronounced weight loss, because of increased risk of hyperbilirubinemia and dehydration that might require readmission. Our objective was to determine how feeding method and weight loss are associated with neonatal healthcare utilization. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Northern California Kaiser Permanente hospitals in 2009-2013 PATIENTS: 143,889 neonates PREDICTORS: Inpatient method of feeding and inpatient and outpatient weights MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Inpatient and outpatient utilization in the 30 days after birth RESULTS: Newborn weight loss and feeding method were each associated with utilization...
November 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191169/genetic-parameters-and-expected-responses-to-selection-for-components-of-feed-efficiency-in-a-duroc-pig-line
#12
Juan P Sánchez, Mohamed Ragab, Raquel Quintanilla, Max F Rothschild, Miriam Piles
BACKGROUND: Improving feed efficiency ([Formula: see text]) is a key factor for any pig breeding company. Although this can be achieved by selection on an index of multi-trait best linear unbiased prediction of breeding values with optimal economic weights, considering deviations of feed intake from actual needs ([Formula: see text]) should be of value for further research on biological aspects of [Formula: see text]. Here, we present a random regression model that extends the classical definition of [Formula: see text] by including animal-specific needs in the model...
December 1, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190745/colonization-with-escherichia-coli-ec-25-protects-neonatal-rats-from-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#13
Debi M Thomas, Brandon Bell, Stephanie Papillon, Patrick Delaplain, Joanna Lim, Jamie Golden, Jordan Bowling, Jin Wang, Larry Wang, Anatoly V Grishin, Henri R Ford
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants; yet its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. To evaluate the role of intestinal bacteria in protection against NEC, we assessed the ability of naturally occurring intestinal colonizer E. coli EC25 to influence composition of intestinal microbiota and NEC pathology in the neonatal rat model. Experimental NEC was induced in neonatal rats by formula feeding/hypoxia, and graded histologically. Bacterial populations were characterized by plating on blood agar, scoring colony classes, and identifying each class by sequencing 16S rDNA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185782/reemergence-of-blended-tube-feeding-and-parent-s-reported-experiences-in-their-tube-fed-children
#14
Teresa W Johnson, Amy L Spurlock, Lisa Epp, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers (HCPs) report increased interest in blenderized tube feeding (BTF) as an alternative to commercial formula (CF) feeding-particularly in families of tube fed children. The objective of this study was to explore parents' reported experiences of CF and BTF in their children. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study utilizing a convenience sample. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Parents (n = 433) of tube fed children in an online tube feeding support group completed an electronic survey to compare experiences of CF and BTF in their tube fed children...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181317/a-predictive-score-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-by-using-clinical-risk-factors-and-serum-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-levels
#15
Yeşim Coşkun, Ceyhun Dalkan, Özge Yabaş, Özlem Ünay Demirel, Elif Samiye Bayar, Sibel Sakarya, Tuba Müftüoğlu, Dilaver Erşanlı, Nerin Bahçeciler, İpek Akman
AIM: To detect the impact of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and other risk factors for the early prediction of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to establish a scoring system for ROP prediction by using clinical criteria and serum IGF-1 levels. METHODS: The study was conducted with 127 preterm infants. IGF-1 levels in the 1st day of life, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th week of life was analyzed. The score was established after logistic regression analysis, considering the impact of each variable on the occurrences of any stage ROP...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179735/ficus-sycomorus-extract-reversed-behavioral-impairment-and-brain-oxidative-stress-induced-by-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-in-rats
#16
Harquin Simplice Harquin Foyet, Serge Tchinda Deffo, Pascaline Koagne Yewo, Iulia Antioch, Stéphane Zingue, Emmanuel Acha Asongalem, Pierre Kamtchouing, Alin Ciobica
BACKGROUND: Stress, regardless of its nature is nowadays recognized as one of the major risk factors for neuropsychiatric diseases, such as mood and anxiety disorders. The brain compared with other organs is more vulnerable to oxidative damage mainly due to its high rate of oxygen consumption, abundant lipid content, and relative insufficiency of antioxidant enzymes. Thus, the identification of neural mechanisms underlying resistance and vulnerability to stress is of crucial importance in understanding the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders and in developing new treatments, since the existing ones are for several reasons subject to increasing limitations...
November 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177069/differences-in-early-risk-factors-for-obesity-between-african-american-formula-fed-infants-and-white-breastfed-controls
#17
Paige K Berger, Justin A Lavner, Jessica J Smith, Leann L Birch
Background: Previous RCTs to prevent early rapid weight gain were conducted in predominantly White, well-educated, middle-income mother-infants at low risk for obesity. To inform the design of an RCT in a higher-risk sample, we conducted a short-term, longitudinal study to compare maternal feeding beliefs and behaviors, infant sleep, intake, and growth of African American formula feeding (AAFF) dyads to a comparison sample of White breastfeeding (WBF) dyads. We also assessed the feasibility of recruiting and retaining AAFF participants...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174145/using-video-microscopy-to-improve-quantitative-estimates-of-protozoal-motility-and-cell-volume
#18
B A Wenner, B K Wagner, J L Firkins
The objective of this study was to apply digital imaging to improve quantification of rumen protozoal biomass and distinguish treatment differences in cell motility and volume among ruminal protozoa. Observations of protozoa in rumen fluid treated with essential oils (CinnaGar, CIN; Provimi North America, Brookville, OH) or an ionophore (monensin, MON) indicated possible cell shrinkage. We hypothesized that MON would decrease protozoal motility and interact with CIN on cell volume. In addition, we hypothesized that analysis of still frames from video of swimming protozoa would improve volume prediction accuracy...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169718/-update-on-dietary-management-of-cow-s-milk-allergy
#19
C Dupont, P Soulaines
Dietary management of cow's milk allergy is based on the elimination of all cow's milk proteins from the diet. For non-breastfed infants, the main dietetic move is the replacement of the standard infant formula with a formula for which the protein fraction has been modified. This formula can be based on hydrolyzed cow's milk proteins, rice proteins or amino acids. Monitoring the growth of these children is essential. The reintroduction of cow's milk, raw or heated, should always be made carefully and gradually...
November 20, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166376/predictors-of-death-in-infants-with-probable-serious-bacterial-infection
#20
Prashant Singh, Ananya Arora, Tor A Strand, Halvor Sommerfelt, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil Kumar Kabra, Satinder Aneja, Uma Chandra Mouli Natchu, Jagdish Chandra, Bimbadhar Rath, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Mohini Kumari, Savita Saini, Shinjini Bhatnagar, Nitya Wadhwa
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial infections account for a significant proportion of neonatal and infant mortality globally. We aimed to identify predictors of death in infants with probable serious bacterial infection (PSBI) defined as signs/symptoms of possible serious bacterial infection along with baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) ≥12 mg/lMETHODS:We did a secondary analysis using the data collected from 700 infants with PSBI who participated in a randomized controlled trial in India in which zinc or placebo was given in addition to standard antibiotics...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
keyword
keyword
87177
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"