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Abdominal fistula treatments

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453515/micro-fragmented-adipose-tissue-injection-for-the-treatment-of-complex-anal-fistula-a-pilot-study-accessing-safety-and-feasibility
#1
G Naldini, A Sturiale, B Fabiani, I Giani, C Menconi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous, micro-fragmented and minimally manipulated adipose tissue injection associated closure of the internal opening in promoting healing of complex anal fistula. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on patients referred to our center with anal fistula, from April 2015-December 2016. Inclusion criteria were age over 16 years old and a diagnosis of complex anal fistula according to the American Gastroenterological Association classification The patients were divided into 2 groups; the "first time group" (Group I) in which micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection with closure of the internal opening was the first sphincter-saving procedure, and the "recurrent group" (Group II) consisting of patients who had failed prior sphincter-saving procedures...
February 16, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443759/a-traumatic-hepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-and-arterioportal-fistula-with-severe-diarrhea-as-the-first-symptom-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Ping Han, Lan Yang, Xiao-Wei Huang, Xiu-Qin Zhu, Li Chen, Nan Wang, Zhen Li, De-An Tian, Hua Qin
RATIONALE: Hepaticarterioportal fistula (APF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and presents as abnormal communication between the hepatic artery and portal vein. Percutaneous liver biopsy is a main iatrogenic cause of AFP. However, non-iatrogenic, abdominal, trauma-related APF is rarely reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old man presenting with severe, watery diarrhea was transferred to our hospital, and his condition was suspected to be acute gastroenteritis because he ate expired food and suffered a penetrating abdominal stab wound 5 years ago...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441475/robot-assisted-distal-gastrectomy-with-lymph-node-dissection-for-gastric-cancer-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-partialis-a-case-report-with-video-file
#3
Yuki Aisu, Yoshio Kadokawa, Shigeru Kato, Daiki Yasukawa, Yusuke Kimura, Tomohide Hori
BACKGROUND: Situs inversus is a rare congenital condition that is currently classified into two types: complete situs inversus (situs inversus totalis, SIT) and partial situs inversus (situs inversus partialis, SIP). In SIP patients, some organs are inverted and others are in their expected position, and individual patient variation in organ position increases surgical difficulty. Several surgeons have performed laparoscopic or robotic surgeries in situs inversus patients, but almost all were SIT patients...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435302/retrospective-analysis-of-surgery-for-cervical-stump-carcinoma-at-early-stage
#4
Zhen Shen, Ying Zhou, Yong Cheng, Min Li, Dabao Wu
Cervical stump cancer is a rare type of disease as total hysterectomies are performed infrequently. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the diagnosis, treatment, follow-up methods and complications of 10 patients with cervical stump carcinoma treated with surgery in Anhui Provincial Hospital affiliated to Anhui Medical University (Hefei, China). From January 2006 to October 2016 a total of 10 patients underwent surgery for carcinoma of the cervical stump. The pathological reports revealed 80% of cases were squamous cell carcinoma and 20% of cases were adenocarcinoma...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428021/results-after-definitive-surgical-treatment-in-patients-with-enteroatmospheric-fistula
#5
Jose L Martinez, Enrique Luque-de-León, Luis Manuel Souza-Gallardo, Maricela Jiménez-López, Eduardo Ferat-Osorio
As enteroatmospheric fistulas (EAF) lack healthy overlying tissue, spontaneous healing is very unlikely. Our aim was to identify risk factors for recurrence and mortality after definitive surgical treatment for EAF. Sixty-two consecutive patients with a diagnosis of EAF were submitted to definitive surgical repair (fistula resection and primary anastomosis) during a 6-year period. Several patient, disease, and operative variables were assessed as risk factors associated to our endpoints: recurrence and mortality...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426329/efficacy-comparison-of-transcervical-video-assisted-mediastinoscopic-lymphadenectomy-combined-with-left-transthoracic-esophagectomy-versus-right-transthoracic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-treatment
#6
Xu Li, Wenxiang Wang, Yong Zhou, Desong Yang, Jie Wu, Baihua Zhang, Zhining Wu, Jinming Tang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to propose a new surgical strategy, i.e., the transcervical video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy (VAMLA) with esophagectomy via the left transthoracic approach for patients with esophageal cancer (EC), and to compare the outcomes with those of esophagectomy via the right thoracic approach. METHODS: From December 2014 to March 2016, 49 cases were enrolled in this non-randomized concurrent control study. Twenty-eight patients with EC who underwent transcervical VAMLA with esophagectomy via the left transthoracic approach were assigned into the study group, while 21 EC patients undergoing esophagectomy via the right transthoracic approach during the same period were enrolled into the control group...
February 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415314/a-patient-with-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-common-history-very-uncommon-cause-minimally-invasive-treatment
#7
Guntram Lock, Thies Daniels, Lars Kock
An 81-year-old patient with significant cardiac comorbidities, a history of sigmoid resection 6 years ago, and iliac bypass surgery 19 years ago presented with mild hematochezia for the previous 3 days. While hemodynamically stable at first, he developed massive bleeding during preparation for colonoscopy and underwent a short course of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Colonoscopy revealed no active bleeding but a protuberance of the colonic wall and a coagulation clot. In ultrasonography immediately after endoscopy, a large aneurysm was diagnosed and diagnosis of an iliaco-colonic fistula was assumed...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406296/abdominal-catastrophe-in-crohn-s-disease-surgery
#8
Hugo Palma Rios, André Goulart, Pedro Leão
INTRODUCTION: Performing surgery on patients with Crohn's disease is a true challenge due to the elevated risk of complications related to the chronic proinflammatory response. Stenosis is the leading cause of intestinal resection in these patients. CASE REPORT: The authors present the case of a 50-year-old woman with inflammatory stenosis of the terminal ileum due to Crohn's disease. The patient underwent a laparoscopic ileocecal resection, which was complicated by a small anastomotic dehiscence with localized peritonitis...
January 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390314/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-transduodenal-drainage-of-idiopathic-retroperitoneal-abscess-in-an-immunocompromised-patient-a-case-report
#9
Ryota Sagami, Hiroaki Tsuji, Hidefumi Nishikiori, Kazunari Murakami
RATIONALE: Idiopathic retroperitoneal abscesses are insidious, occult illnesses with high mortality if inadequately drained. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage is an alternative to percutaneous or surgical drainage, it is not widely performed for retroperitoneal abscesses other than peripancreatic fluid collection. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a 76-year-old Japanese woman with abdominal pain, high fever, and a history of rheumatism on treatment with immunosuppressants...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390289/endovascular-stent-graft-repair-of-aortogastric-fistula-caused-by-peptic-ulcer-after-esophagectomy-a-case-report
#10
Xiao-Qing Wei, Lei Song, Xue-Song Zhang, Kui-Yang Wang, Jie Wu
RATIONALE: Aortogastric fistula (AGF) is a rare but devastating clinical complication after esophagectomy. In a recent report, nearly all AGF patients died of massive hemorrhage or aspiration of massive hematemesis. Therefore, timely appropriate treatment of AGF remains a challenge.Herein, we report a case of AGF that resulted from peptic ulceration after esophagectomy and was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft placement. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old man had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal reconstruction using a gastric tube 14 months previously...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379816/hepatopleural-fistula-with-empyema-thoracis-a-rare-complication-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#11
Jeerawat Maytapa, Kessarin Thanapirom, Sombat Treeprasertsuk, Piyawat Komolmit, Bundit Chaopathomkul, Pinit Kullavanijaya
We report a 70-year-old man with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) who presented with right-sided extended-spectrum beta-lactamases Escherichia coli empyema thoracis. Chest and abdominal computed tomography showed hepatopleural fistula. The patient refused a surgical operation and was treated with tube thoracotomy, percutaneous drainage of dominant liver cyst, and intravenous antibiotics. His symptoms improved after 2 months of nonsurgical treatment.
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330673/vacuum-assisted-closure-therapy-of-paradoxical-reaction-in-tuberculous-lymphadenopathy-caused-by-mycobacterium-africanum
#12
H F Geerdes-Fenge, P Pongratz, J Liese, E C Reisinger
A 26-year-old HIV-negative male from Ghana was treated for cervical, intrathoracic and abdominal lymph node tuberculosis (TB) and tuberculous hepatitis. Penetration of the thoracic trachea by a mediastinal lymph node had caused bronchomucosal TB. Sputum culture grew M. africanum, sensitive to all first-line antituberculous drugs. Four weeks after the beginning of directly observed treatment with isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol, the right cervical lymph node increased in size, liquefied and caused a spontaneous fistula...
January 12, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310345/inferior-mesenteric-arteriovenous-fistula-with-nonpulsatile-abdominal-mass-a-case-report-and-a-mini-review
#13
Ling Cheng, Ruifeng Zhao, Di Guo, Kailin Cai, Kaifang Zou, Jun Yang, Liangru Zhu
RATIONALE: Inferior mesenteric arteriovenous fistula (IMAVF) is a rare condition principally characterized by portal hypertension and ischemic bowel disease. Up to now, only 30 cases have been reported. Presented here is an IMAVF patient with nonpulsatile abdominal mass as the main manifestation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old Chinese male who complained of abdominal discomfort for a month was admitted to our hospital. Physical examination revealed a hard and hardly mobile mass...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285682/efficacy-of-autologous-fat-graft-injection-in-the-treatment-of-anovaginal-fistulas
#14
S Norderval, L Lundby, H Hougaard, S Buntzen, S Weum, L de Weerd
BACKGROUND: Injection of autologous fat is an established method within plastic surgery for soft tissue augmentation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether transperineal fat graft injection could promote healing of anovaginal fistulas. METHODS: The procedures were performed at the University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway, and at Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, between May 2009 and September 2016. After abdominal liposuction, fat was injected around the fistula tract that was finally transected percutaneously with a sharp cannula and fat injected between the cut parts...
December 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260135/laparoscopic-surgery-in-distal-pancreatic-tumors
#15
Fatma Ümit Malya, Hüseyin Kazım Bektaşoğlu, Mustafa Hasbahçeci, Yunus Taşçı, Enver Kunduz, Oğuzhan Karatepe, Kemal Dolay
Objective: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is increasingly being used in the surgical treatment of corpus and distal pancreatic tumors. In this study, patients who underwent laparoscopic or open distal pancreatectomy for benign or malignant causes were evaluated in terms of tumor characteristics and perioperative outcomes. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from a total of 27 distal pancreatectomy cases performed for benign or malignant causes in the General Surgery Department between January 2013 and December 2015...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245311/role-of-enteral-nutrition-in-pancreaticocolonic-fistulas-secondary-to-severe-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#16
Binxin Cui, Lu Zhou, Samiullah Khan, Jianmin Cui, Wentian Liu
RATIONALE: Pancreaticocolonic fistula (PCF) is an exceedingly rare complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and has primarily been treated surgically, but a few reported cases are successfully treated with nonsurgical methods. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 32-year-old male presented to our hospital with chief complaints of sharp and persistent left upper quadrant abdominal pain radiating to the back. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography showed a pancreatic pseudocyst replacing a majority of the pancreatic parenchyma and PCF that formed between the pancreas and the colon...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242065/preliminary-results-of-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-from-the-multicenter-italian-research-on-nellix-endoprosthesis-irene-study
#17
Bruno Gossetti, Ombretta Martinelli, Michelangelo Ferri, Roberto Silingardi, Fabio Verzini
OBJECTIVE: Because of advances in technology and experience of the operator, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has supplanted open repair to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The low 30-day mortality and morbidity of EVAR make the endovascular approach particularly suitable for patients at high surgical risk. However, endoleak or endograft migration requiring secondary intervention or open surgical conversion is a limitation of EVAR. The Nellix system (Endologix, Inc, Irvine, Calif) has been designed to seal the entire AAA to overcome these limitations with EVAR...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229267/intracavitary-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-management-of-post-surgical-gastrointestinal-fistulas
#18
Er-Jiao Xu, Man Zhang, Kai Li, Zhong-Zhen Su, Ying-Lin Long, Qing-Jin Zeng, Huan-Yi Guo, Rong-Qin Zheng
The goal of this study was to investigate intracavitary contrast-enhanced ultrasound (IC-CEUS) measures in the management of post-surgical gastrointestinal (GI) fistula throughout detection, treatment and follow-up. From June 2010 to August 2016, patients who were administered ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) via a drainage tube for IC-CEUS were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. They were suspected of having GI anastomotic fistulas or had been found to have fluid collections with ultrasound that were accompanied by abdominal pain or fever after surgical procedures...
December 8, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182900/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbid-obesity-role-of-intraluminal-and-intraperitoneal-postoperative-drainage
#19
G Currò, G Piscitelli, C Lazzara, I Komaei, A Fortugno, G Pinto, F Guccione, A Cogliandolo, A Dattola, S Latteri, G Navarra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bleeding and staple line leak are the most common postoperative complications of LSG. To prevent and/or to promptly identify such complications, conventional peri-operative protocols imply post-operative gastric decompression (NGT) and staple line drain (IAD). Our aim was to evaluate the role of naso-gastric tube (NGT) and intra-abdominal drain (IAD) in preventing and/or facilitating identification and treatment of post-operative complications after sleeve gastrectomy...
July 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181746/severe-dehiscence-of-gastrojejunal-anastomosis-after-gastric-bypass-its-cure-by-using-partially-covered-stent-and-avoiding-migration
#20
Helga C A W Alhinho, Flávio C Ferreira, Rodrigo C L Medeiros, Álvaro A B Ferraz, Josemberg M Campos
BACKGROUND: Gastric leak is a severe complication of gastric bypass that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Anastomosis dehiscence usually occurs at gastrojejunal anastomosis and can appear simultaneously with gastric leak, for which treatment can be a challenge. Fistula may have several clinical impacts, depending on patient-related factors, fistula characteristics, onset time, and therapy proposal. Abdominal toilet, drainage, gastrostomy, and revisional surgery constitute the traditional approaches to dehiscence and fistula closure, with variable results...
November 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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