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Abdominal fistula treatments

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197671/-rectal-perforation-a%C3%A2-rare-complication-following-radiotherapy
#1
M Binnebösel, A Lambertz, C D Klink, U P Neumann
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy in the treatment of prostate cancer is well established. Intestinal complications following radiotherapy are divided into acute and chronic toxicity. Chronic complications like perforation and fistula formation to the rectum are rare and difficult to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In case of chronic radiotherapy complications and particularly chronic fistula formation to the rectum, evidence is low. Therefore, an overview of the available literature of surgical therapy strategies is given...
February 14, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194520/simple-and-safe-technique-for-closure-of-midline-abdominal-wound-dehiscence
#2
M H Abo-Ryia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess an alternative technique for closure of burst abdomen. METHOD: After reduction of the viscera and toilet of abdominal cavity with debridement of any necrotic tissues in the skin or fascia, the skin was undermined to expose the aponeurosis all-around the defect edges for at least 5-6 cm. The greater omentum is spread in the floor of the wound and fixed to the inner side of the defect. A piece of polypropylene mesh designed according to the size and shape of the defect and sutured to its external edge continuously...
February 13, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163172/endovascular-management-of-para-prosthetic-aortocaval-fistula-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Claudio Bianchini Massoni, Giulia Rossi, Tiziano Tecchio, Paolo Perini, Antonio Freyrie
The aim of this article is to report a case of asymptomatic para-anastomotic aortocaval fistula (ACF) treated by endovascular aortic repair, and to review data of the literature on arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) secondary to abdominal aortic surgery. A 78-year-old male complained of worsening pain in the right lower limb since 2 months. He presented a history of right femoro-popliteal bypass for peripheral arterial occlusive disease and elective surgical treatment for a non-ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm (Dacron tube graft)...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152495/pancreatitis-panniculitis-and-polyarthritis-ppp-syndrome-caused-by-post-pancreatitis-pseudocyst-with-mesenteric-fistula-diagnosis-and-successful-surgical-treatment-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Wulf Dieker, Johannes Derer, Thomas Henzler, Alexander Schneider, Felix Rückert, Torsten J Wilhelm, Bernd Krüger
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatitis, panniculitis and polyarthritis syndrome is a very rare extra-pancreatic complication of pancreatic diseases. PRESENTATION OF CASE: While in most cases this syndrome is caused by acute or chronic pancreatitis, we report a case of a 62-year-old man presenting with extensive intraosseous fat necrosis, polyarthritis and panniculitis caused by a post-pancreatitis pseudocyst with a fistula to the superior mesenteric vein and extremely high blood levels of lipase...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152493/huge-rectovesical-fistula-due-to-long-term-retention-of-a-rectal-foreign-body-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Yoshiyuki Kiyasu, Nobuyasu Kano
INTRODUCTION: Most patients with foreign bodies in their rectums present to medical institutions within a few days. In this report, we describe a foreign body in the rectum in situ for 5 months that resulted in a huge rectovesical fistula 4cm in diameter, requiring emergency laparotomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 59-year-old man, who had undergone rectal foreign body extraction via the anal canal without any complications 7 years previously, presented with abdominal pain and diarrhea...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132518/stem-cell-treatment-in-crohn-s-disease
#6
Xiao-Mei Zhang, Yu-Jing Zhang, Wei Wang, Yu-Quan Wei, Hongxin Deng
Crohn's disease which mainly affects the gastrointestinal tract and impairs patient's quality of life, is a refractory inflammatory disease with clinical manifestations of abdominal pain, fever, bowel obstruction and diarrhoea with blood or mucus. Besides the common complication of intestinal obstruction, the formation of fistulas should also be concerned about and anorectal fistula is the most typical. The disease is difficult to radical cure and easy to relapse, which urges people to find other effective treatment in addition to surgery...
January 28, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106653/outcomes-of-rectovaginal-fistula-repair
#7
Jenifer N Byrnes, Jennifer J Schmitt, Benjamin M Faustich, Kristin C Mara, Amy L Weaver, Heidi K Chua, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVES: Rectovaginal fistulae (RVF) often represent surgical challenges, and treatment must be individualized. We describe outcomes after primary surgical repair stratified by fistula etiology and surgical approach. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included women who underwent surgical management of RVF at a tertiary care center between July 1, 2001 and December 31, 2013. Cases were stratified according to the following etiology: cancer (RVF-C), inflammatory bowel disease or infectious (RVF-I), and other (RVF-O)...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105625/-efficacy-of-over-the-scope-clip-for-gastrointestinal-fistula
#8
Gefei Wang, Zhiming Wang, Xiuwen Wu, Yanqing Diao, Yunzhao Zhao, Jianan Ren, Jieshou Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of over-the-scope clip (OTSC) in the treatment of gastrointestinal fistula. METHODS: Clinical data of 12 gastrointestinal fistula patients, including 3 internal fistula and 9 external fistula treated with OTSC in our institute from March 2015 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. OTSC was performed when pus was drained thoroughly and intra-abdominal infection around gastrointestinal fistula was controlled, and each patient received one clip to close fistula...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099974/temporary-vacuum-assisted-closure-of-the-open-abdomen-in-neonates
#9
Kengo Hattori, Alp Numanoglu, Sharon Cox
Introduction The need for open abdomen in the treatment of severely ill neonates will increase in time as more complex abdominal procedures are undertaken. However, the experience of temporary closure of an open abdomen using vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system is still relatively limited in premature and term neonates. The aim of this study is to describe and review our experience in the use of temporary VAC of the open abdomen for neonates with varying pathological processes. Materials and Methods A retrospective folder review of all neonates treated with VAC for open abdomen over the study period of 2010 to 2014 at our institution was performed...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093615/the-open-abdomen-route-by-eurahs-introduction-of-the-data-set-and-initial-results-of-procedures-and-procedure-related-complications
#10
A Willms, F Muysoms, C Güsgen, R Schwab, J Lock, S Schaaf, C Germer, I Richardsen, U Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Open abdomen management has become a well-established strategy in the treatment of serious intra-abdominal pathologies. Key objectives are fistula prevention and high fascial closure rates. The current level of evidence on laparostoma is insufficient. This is due to the rareness of laparostomas, the heterogeneity of study cohorts, and broad diversity of techniques. Collecting data in a standardised, multicentre registry is necessary to draw up evidence-based guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to improve the level of evidence on laparostomy, CAMIN (surgical working group for military and emergency surgery) of DGAV (German Society for General and Visceral Surgery), initiated the implementation of a laparostomy registry...
January 16, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078482/irreversible-electroporation-as-treatment-of-locally-advanced-and-as-margin-accentuation-in-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#11
P Marsanic, A Mellano, A Sottile, M De Simone
In recent years, many local ablation technologies based on thermal damage have been used in the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC) and borderline resectable pancreatic carcinoma (BLRPC). However, they are associated with major complications because of possible vascular and ductal damage. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a nonthermal ablation technology that seems safe near vital vascular and ductal structures. IRE could be used as exclusive treatment of LAPC (en situ to IRE) after induction chemotherapy In BLRPC, surgery is not really radical in 6% of patients (microscopic residual) and local recurrences occur in 11-42% of apparent radical resections...
January 11, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058018/factors-associated-with-surgery-in-patients-with-intra-abdominal-fistulizing-crohn-s-disease
#12
Shaul Yaari, Ariel Benson, Eyal Aviran, Naama Lev Cohain, Ran Oren, Jacob Sosna, Eran Israeli
AIM: To characterize radiological and clinical factors associated with subsequent surgical intervention in Crohn's disease (CD) patients with intra-abdominal fistulae. METHODS: From a cohort of 1244 CD patients seen over an eight year period (2006 to 2014), 126 patients were identified as having intra-abdominal fistulae, and included in the study. Baseline patient information was collected from the medical records. Imaging studies were assessed for: anatomic type and number of fistulae; diameter of the inflammatory conglomerate; length of diseased bowel; presence of a stricture with pre-stenotic dilatation; presence of an abscess; lymphadenopathy; and the degree of bowel enhancement...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052944/acute-traumatic-renal-arteriocalyceal-fistula-selective-angioembolisation-for-haemodynamic-instability
#13
Adam Carl Philipoff, Duncan Ramsay, Dieter G Weber
Abdominal angiography with selective arteriography and subsequent embolisation is an accepted management modality in the treatment of selected solid organ injuries following blunt abdominal trauma. This management practice is well established in the haemodynamically stable patient; however, this remains more controversial in haemodynamically compromised patients, though warrants consideration in both cases due to the associated benefits of non-operative management. This case report describes the successful non-operative management of a severe renal injury in a young polytraumatised patient following a high-speed motor vehicle crash...
January 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044954/haemobilia-a-rare-cause-of-upper-gastro-intestinal-bleeding
#14
Daniel Ion, Carmen Iuliana Mavrodin, Mihai Bogdan Șerban, Tudor Marinescu, Dan Nicolae Păduraru
Haemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding that consists of haemorrhage within the biliary tree. Most cases of haemobilia are due to iatrogenic cause, laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy, abdominal trauma, gallstones, hepatic tumours, vascular aneurism. We present the case of a male patient admitted in the surgery department for epigastric and right hypochondria pain, nausea and vomiting. Open cholecystectomy was performed with a trans-cystic tube drainage. Postoperative outcome was favourable but with a continuous decrease in haemoglobin level...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034703/hybrid-treatment-expanding-the-armamentarium-for-infected-infrarenal-abdominal-aortic-and-iliac-aneurysms
#15
Kichang Han, Do Yun Lee, Man-Deuk Kim, Sak Lee, Jong Yun Won, Joon Ho Kwon, Donghoon Choi, Young-Guk Ko
PURPOSE: To investigate safety and efficacy of hybrid treatment for infected aortic and iliac aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2007 and May 2011, hybrid treatment was performed in 6 male patients (mean age, 67.7 y; range, 57-76 y). Hybrid treatment consisted of extraanatomic bypass (EAB) and isolation of infected aneurysm with vascular plugs. Aneurysms were divided into primary and secondary infected aneurysms. Primary infected aneurysm refers to an aneurysm arising from bacterial infection of the native arterial wall; secondary infected aneurysm refers to infection involving an aneurysm that was previously treated with graft placement...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028982/secondary-aortoenteric-fistula-after-abdominal-aortic-graft-implementation-in-our-own-material
#16
Jan Gnus, Stanisław Ferenc, Magdalena Kościelna, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz, Piotr Dawidczyk, Małgorzata Dziewiszek, Wojciech Witkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Secondary aortoenteric fistula is a rare but severe complication occurring after abdominal aortic graft implementation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to review the clinical presentation, diagnosis and postoperative course of patients with aortoenteric fistulas following vascular operations on the abdominal aorta in the years 2000-2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among all the patients treated in our center, during a 10-year period, aortoenteric fistulas were observed in 24 cases...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000197/-efficacy-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-children-with-persistent-cloaca
#17
Chen Wang, Shuli Liu, Zhen Chen, Long Li, Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of children with persistent cloaca. METHODS: Clinical data of 26 female children with high type persistent cloaca undergoing operation in the Capital Pediatric Institution between November 2005 and February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Mean age of these children was (1.4±1.6) years old. Distal end of rectum locating in the superior border of pubis was the standard of diagnosis...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000196/-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-of-perianal-crohn-s-disease-in-a-single-center
#18
Ping Zhu, Yugen Chen, Yunfei Gu, Hongjin Chen, Xiaohai An, Yingrui Cheng, Ying Gao, Bolin Yang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical features of perianal Crohn disease (PCD). METHODS: Clinical data of 52 PCD patients who were treated at the Department of Colorectal Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from June 2011 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Montreal classification, clinical symptoms, the subtype of perianal lesions, history of perianal surgery and medical treatment, disease active indexes, serum inflammation markers and nutritional indexes were included...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975049/risk-factors-and-treatment-for-hemorrhage-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-case-series-of-423-patients
#19
Feng Gao, Jianguo Li, Shengwei Quan, Fujun Li, Donglai Ma, Lei Yao, Ping Zhang
The study aimed to investigate the risk factors of postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). A retrospective analysis of 423 patients who underwent PD between January 2008 and January 2014 was conducted. The overall incidence and all-cause mortality of PPH were 9.9% (42/423) and 2.1% (9/423), respectively. Independent risk factors of early PPH were revascularization (odds ratio (OR) = 6.786; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.785-25.792; P = 0.005), history of abdominal surgery (OR = 5...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965903/atypical-aortoesophageal-fistula-with-atypical-and-delayed-presentation-and-negative-imaging-studies
#20
Seifeldin Hakim, Mihajlo Gjeorgjievski, Lohit Garg, Molly Orosey, Tusar Desai
A 59-year-old man with past medical history of thoracic aortic aneurysm treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair presented with melena for 2 weeks. Initial EGD did not reveal the source of bleeding and showed normal esophagus; abdominal arteriogram did not reveal a fistulous communication and initial CTA showed normal position of the aortic graft stent without endoleak. The sixth EGD revealed a submucosal tumor-like projection in the upper esophagus and stigmata of recent bleeding. Another thoracic endovascular aortic repair with stent was placed over the old graft for presumed aortoesophageal fistula...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
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