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Treating abdominal fistulas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882164/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-chinese-children-a-retrospective-analysis-of-49-cases
#1
Ying Zhou, Ying Huang
To present study reports the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and management of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in China. Clinical records of 49 pediatric patients with IBD at Fudan University Children's Hospital (Shanghai, China) between July 2001 and May 2012 were reviewed. Of 49 patients (30 males and 19 females), 8 patients had ulcerative colitis (UC) and 41 patients had Crohn's disease (CD). The mean age was 10.4 years in patients with UC and 10.1 years in patients with CD. The percentages of patients with UC with abdominal pain, diarrhea or rectal bleeding were 62...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829600/two-cases-of-aortoenteric-fistula-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#2
Yuu Matsubara, Tomoyuki Ohta, Ryoji Tatsumi, Takuma Takasaka, Jun Sakamoto, Ryu Sato, Keisuke Kimura
Aortoenteric fistula (AEF) is a life-threatening condition that can present with gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. AEFs have been classified into primary and secondary types. Primary AEF (PAEF) is a direct communication between the aorta and the GI tract. Secondary AEF (SAEF) is the result of a previous abdominal aortic aneurysm repair involving placement of a synthetic aortic graft. Diagnosis of AEF, especially PAEF, is difficult largely because AEF is so rarely encountered in practice. Computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic gastroduodenoscopy (EGD) are most frequently used to diagnose AEF, with abdominal contrast-enhanced CT being the preferred initial diagnostic test of choice...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790873/preperitoneal-onlay-mesh-repair-for-ventral-abdominal-wall-and-incisional-hernia-a-novel-technique
#3
Pc George Yang, Lm Karen Tung
INTRODUCTION: Intraperitoneal onlay mesh repair is a current technique for laparoscopic repair of ventral and incisional hernias. However, the placement of synthetic mesh intraperitoneally may potentially lead to mesh-induced complications such as adhesive intestinal obstruction, enterocutaneous fistula, or even mesh erosion into organs. Inspired by the concept of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, we developed a novel technique: preperitoneal onlay mesh repair (PPOM). This involves placing the mesh in the preperitoneal plane to help eliminate mesh-induced complications...
November 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783843/azathioprine-or-6-mercaptopurine-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#4
REVIEW
Nilesh Chande, Cassandra M Townsend, Claire E Parker, John K MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The results from controlled clinical trials investigating the efficacy of azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine for the treatment of active Crohn's disease have been conflicting and controversial. An updated meta-analysis was performed to assess the effectiveness of these drugs for the induction of remission in active Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the efficacy and safety of azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine for induction of remission in active Crohn's disease...
October 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752163/-effect-of-gum-chewing-on-bowel-function-recovery-in-patients-after-radical-cystectomy-with-urinary-diversion
#5
Y Wang, Y S Meng, Y Fan, C Chen, W Yu, H Hao, W K Han, J R Hao, J Jin, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether chewing gum during the postoperative period facilitates the recovery of bowel function in patients after radical cystectomy with ileum urinary diversion. METHODS: In the study, 60 patients who underwent radical cystectomy followed by ileum urinary diversions during Nov. 2014 and Nov. 2015 in Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital were randomized into three groups: gum chewing group, placebo group treated with the abdomen physical therapy machine and control group treated with ordinary method...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738458/long-term-outcomes-of-surgical-treatment-with-in-situ-graft-reconstruction-for-secondary-aorto-enteric-fistula
#6
Munetaka Hashimoto, Hitoshi Goto, Daijirou Akamatsu, Takuya Shimizu, Ken Tsuchida, Keiichiro Kawamura, Yuta Tajima, Michihisa Umetsu
Objectives: The optimal surgical management for secondary aorto-enteric fistula (sAEF) is controversial. Here, we report the long-term outcomes of a surgical treatment with in situ graft reconstruction for sAEF that was performed at our hospital. Methods: Between 2009 and 2012, 10 consecutive patients (8 males, 2 females, mean age 75.9 years) with sAEF were surgically treated with in situ graft reconstruction. Perioperative and long-term outcomes were reviewed retrospectively by medical records. Results: Clinical manifestations, including gastrointestinal bleeding, shock, sepsis, and back and abdominal pain, were observed during the treatment of the patients...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733326/impact-of-centralization-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-coupled-with-fast-track-recovery-protocol-a-comparative-study-from-india
#7
Omar J Shah, Sadaf A Bangri, Manmohan Singh, Reyaz A Lattoo, Mohammad Y Bhat, Feroze A Khan
BACKGROUND: Fast track strategy in the management of patients undergoing intra-abdominal surgery of various types has emerged as a landmark approach to reduce surgical stress and accelerate recovery. This study was to evaluate the effect of fast track strategy on patients subjected to pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) from an individual unit during transit from low to a high volume center. METHODS: A total of 142 PD patients who had been subjected to fast track strategy between June 2008 and September 2012 were compared with 46 patients who had received conventional surgery between January 2006 and May 2008...
October 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606045/endoscopic-multiple-metal-stenting-for-the-treatment-of-enteral-leaks-near-the-biliary-orifice-a-novel-effective-rescue-procedure
#8
Massimiliano Mutignani, Lorenzo Dioscoridi, Stefanos Dokas, Paolo Aseni, Pietro Carnevali, Edoardo Forti, Raffaele Manta, Mariano Sica, Alberto Tringali, Francesco Pugliese
Between April 2013 and October 2015, 6 patients developed periampullary duodenal or jejunal/biliary leaks after major abdominal surgery. In all patients, percutaneous drainage of the collection or re-operation with primary surgical repair was attempted at first but failed. A fully covered enteral metal stent was placed in all patients to seal the leak. Subsequently, we cannulated the common bile duct and, in some cases, and the main pancreatic duct inserting hydrophilic guidewires through the stent after dilating the stent mesh with a dilatation balloon or breaking the meshes with Argon Plasma Beam...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602129/peritoneal-bladder-fistula-following-radiotherapy-for-cervical-cancer-a-case-report
#9
Fan Shi, Tao Wang, Jiquan Wang, Beina Hui, Yanlan Chai, Juan Wang, Zi Liu
The occurrence of a peritoneal bladder fistula as a result of radiation cystitis following radiotherapy for cervical cancer is extremely rare and, to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported previously. The present study reports the case of a 50-year-old woman who was diagnosed with cervical cancer 20 years previously and was treated with radiotherapy. The patient was diagnosed with radiation cystitis 10 years ago, which was treated with Chinese medicine, and began experiencing sudden abdominal pain and bowel difficulties following urination 3 years ago...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601035/abdominal-wall-integrity-after-open-abdomen-long-term-results-of-vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-and-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-vawcm
#10
A Willms, S Schaaf, R Schwab, I Richardsen, D Bieler, B Wagner, C Güsgen
PURPOSE: The open abdomen has become a standard technique in the management of critically ill patients undergoing surgery for severe intra-abdominal conditions. Negative pressure and mesh-mediated fascial traction are commonly used and achieve low fistula rates and high fascial closure rates. In this study, long-term results of a standardised treatment approach are presented. METHODS: Fifty-five patients who underwent OA management for different indications at our institution from 2006 to 2013 were enrolled...
September 6, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592735/recent-results-of-in-situ-abdominal-aortic-reconstruction-with-cryopreserved-arterial-allograft
#11
S-H Heo, Y-W Kim, S-Y Woo, Y-J Park, D-K Kim, D-R Chung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate treatment outcomes of in situ abdominal aortic reconstruction with cryopreserved arterial allograft (CAA) for patients with abdominal aortic infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was conducted of patients who underwent in situ aortic reconstruction using CAA for primary, secondary, or prosthetic infection of the abdominal aorta between May 2006 and July 2015, at a single institution. Clinical presentation, indications for treatment, procedural details, early post-operative mortality and morbidity, late death, and graft related complications during the follow up period were investigated...
September 1, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586124/point-by-point-parent-artery-sinus-obliteration-using-detachable-pushable-0-035-inch-coils
#12
Susumu Yamaguchi, Nobutaka Horie, Kentaro Hayashi, Shuji Fukuda, Yoichi Morofuji, Takeshi Hiu, Tsuyoshi Izumo, Minoru Morikawa, Takayuki Matsuo
BACKGROUND: Parent artery occlusion for intractable aneurysms or sinus packing for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) is sometimes difficult and requires many expensive coils to accomplish complete occlusion. To help solve these problems, we reviewed our experience using 0.035-inch coil (0.035 coil; Boston Scientific, San Leandro, CA, USA), which has been used in cardiovascular and abdominal lesions. METHODS: These 0.035 coils were preferably used in addition to the detachable and fibered coils for patients with intractable aneurysms, traumatic vessel blowout, and DAVF...
November 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582884/closure-of-gastrointestinal-defects-with-ovesco-clip-long-term-results-and-clinical-implications
#13
Gianfranco Donatelli, Fabrizio Cereatti, Parag Dhumane, Bertrand Marie Vergeau, Thierry Tuszynski, Christian Marie, Jean-Loup Dumont, Bruno Meduri
BACKGROUND: The Over-The-Scope Clip (OTSC®, Ovesco Endoscopy GmbH, Tübingen, Germany) is an innovative clipping device that provides a strong tissue grasp and compression without provoking ischemia or laceration. In this retrospective study we evaluated immediate and long-term success rates of OTSC deployment in various pathologies of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. METHODS: A total of 45 patients (35 female, 10 male) with an average age of 56 years old (range, 24-90 years) were treated with an OTSC for GI defects resulting from a diagnostic or interventional endoscopic procedure (acute setting group) or for fistula following abdominal surgery (chronic setting group)...
September 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541031/open-abdomen-treated-with-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-indications-management-and-survival
#14
A Seternes, L C Rekstad, S Mo, P Klepstad, D L Halvorsen, T Dahl, M Björck, A Wibe
BACKGROUND: Open abdomen treatment (OAT) is a significant burden for patients and is associated with considerable mortality. The primary aim of this study was to report survival and cause of mortality after OAT. Secondary aims were to evaluate length of stay (LOS) in intensive care unit (ICU) and in hospital, time to abdominal closure and major complications. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospectively registered patients undergoing OAT between October 2006 and June 2014 at Trondheim University Hospital, Norway...
August 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527409/a-new-surgical-procedure-for-penile-reconstruction-by-combined-free-radial-forearm-flap-and-dorsalis-pedis-flap
#15
Sunxiang Ma, Kaixiang Cheng, Yang Liu, Fuguo Chen
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a new surgical procedure for penile reconstruction, emphasizing both the aesthetic appearance and the function by combined free radial forearm flap and dorsalis pedis flap. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this procedure, the penis was subdivided into 2 anatomic subunits: the penile shaft and the glans penis. A sequential innervated radial forearm free flap was combined with a dorsalis pedis free flap to reconstruct the penile shaft and the glans, separately...
August 12, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522598/efficacy-of-fibrin-glue-therapy-for-abscess-associated-enteric-fistulas
#16
B C Chapman, J Merkow, A Paniccia, D M Overbey, M Gipson, G Stiegmann, J D Vogel
BACKGROUND: Abdominal abscess that result from bowel injury may require treatment with percutaneous drainage. In some cases, an abscess-associated fistula develops between the injured bowel and the drainage catheter. Fistulas that fail to resolve may require surgery; however, fibrin glue therapy (FGT) may be a suitable alternative. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients undergoing FGT for an abscess-associated enteric fistula between 2004 and 2015. Success was defined as closure of the fistula tract without need for additional intervention...
September 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512859/laparoscopic-duodenum-preserving-pancreatic-head-resection-a-case-report
#17
Jiayu Zhou, Yucheng Zhou, Yiping Mou, Tao Xia, Xiaowu Xu, Weiwei Jin, Renchao Zhang, Chao Lu, Ronggao Chen
BACKGROUND: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) of the pancreas are uncommon neoplasms and are potentially malignant. Complete resection is advised due to rare recurrence and metastasis. Duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) is indicated for SPNs located in the pancreatic head and is only performed using the open approach. To the best of our knowledge, there are no reports describing laparoscopic DPPHR (LDPPHR) for SPNs. METHODS: Herein, we report a case of 41-year-old female presented with a 1-week history of epigastric abdominal discomfort, and founded an SPN of the pancreatic head by abdominal computed tomography/magnetic resonance, who was treated by radical LDPPHR without complications, such as pancreatic fistula and bile leakage...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488213/use-of-plasmajet-for-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-in-ovarian-cancer
#18
Enrico Panuccio, Karin Leunen, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Patrick Neven, Sandrina Lambrechts, Ignace Vergote
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the role and complications of extensive cytoreduction with PlasmaJet (Plasma Surgical, Roswell, Ga) in ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. MATERIALS: All patients undergoing primary, secondary, or interval debulking surgery for ovarian cancer and treated with PlasmaJet between October 2013 and February 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Nineteen patients were enrolled. The median operative time was 270 minutes, median blood loss was 700 mL, and median length of stay was 9 days...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456604/gastro-splenic-fistula-as-a-complication-of-chemotherapy-for-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#19
Sergio Gentilli, Alberto Oldani, Manuela Zanni, Erika Ferreri, Alfonso Terrone, Guido Valente, Pietro Occhipinti
AIM: Gastro-splenic fistula is a rare entity in which malignant tumors are the primary cause, followed by perforated peptic ulcers and Crohn's disease. CASE REPORT: A 66 years old patient undergoing chemotherapy for gastric large cells B lymphoma presented fever, fatigue and worsening of general conditions. A CT scan showed the presence of an abdominal abscess resulting from a pathological communication between stomach and spleen. RESULTS: En - bloc splenectomy and gastric wedge resection was performed; gastric wall was sutured with a linear stapler...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452814/enterocutaneous-fistula-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes-from-a-single-victorian-tertiary-referral-centre
#20
Yit J Leang, Stephen W Bell, Peter Carne, Martin Chin, Chip Farmer, Steward Skinner, Roger Wale, Satish K Warrier
BACKGROUND: Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) are complex and can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The study aimed to evaluate ECF outcomes in a single tertiary hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients treated with ECF between the period of January 2009 and June 2014 was conducted. Baseline demographic data assessed included the primary aetiology of the fistula, site of the fistula and output of the fistula. Outcomes measures assessed included re-fistulation rate, return to theatre, wound complications, fistula closure rate and death over the study period...
July 24, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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