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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349046/reduction-of-closed-frontal-sinus-fractures-through-suprabrow-approach
#1
Hyung Min Hahn, Yoo Jung Lee, Myong Chul Park, Il Jae Lee, Sue Min Kim, Dong Ha Park
Background: The traditional approach for reduction of frontal sinus fractures is coronal incision. Inherent complications of the coronal approach include long scar, hair loss, and long operation time. We describe a simple approach for the reduction of frontal sinus anterior wall fractures using a suprabrow incision that is commonly used for brow lift. Methods: From March 2007 to October 2016, the authors identified patients with anterior wall frontal sinus fractures treated by open reduction through a suprabrow incision...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338839/ultrasound-assessment-of-a-subcutaneous-eumycetoma-of-the-eyebrow-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#2
A Combalia, P Giavedoni, R Pigem, J M Mascaró
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336112/is-there-an-association-of-abo-blood-groups-and-rhesus-factor-with-alopecia-areata
#3
Zeynep Gizem Kaya İslamoğlu, Mehmet Unal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by noncicatricial hair loss localized on hair, beard, mustache, eyebrow, eyelash, and sometimes on the body. Although etiopathogenesis is not fully understood, many studies show remarkable associations between various diseases and ABO blood groups. However, there is no study with AA and blood groups. METHODS: Healthy people and patients with AA were included in this study. A total of 155 patients with AA and 299 healthy controls were included in the study...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311043/granulomatous-reaction-to-permanent-eyebrow-makeup-successfully-treated-with-topical-steroids-in-combination-with-topical-tacrolimus
#4
Takanori Iwayama, Takeshi Fukumoto, Nobuyuki Horita, Masanobu Sakaguchi, Masahiro Oka, Hiroto Terashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288390/body-image-and-psychological-distress-in-women-with-breast-cancer-a-french-online-survey-on-patients-perceptions-and-expectations
#5
Camille Pierrisnard, Marjorie Baciuchka, Julien Mancini, Pascal Rathelot, Patrice Vanelle, Marc Montana
BACKGROUND: Altered body image caused by alopecia, loss of eyebrows or eyelashes, or mastectomy is a major source of psychological distress in women with breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: To identify and to assess patients' perceptions and expectations regarding altered body image. METHOD: Opinion survey conducted among patients treated for breast cancer and member of French online support groups. Anonymous online self-administered survey sent to women with breast cancer...
December 29, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280866/the-impact-of-botulinum-toxin-on-brow-height-and-morphology-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joseph S El-Khoury, Samer F Jabbour, Cyril J Awaida, Youssef A Rayess, Elio G Kechichian, Marwan W Nasr
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have objectively demonstrated the efficacy of botulinum toxin for brow elevation. No clinical trial has compared the variation of the eyebrow shape and height when the lateral eyebrow depressors are injected alone or in combination with the medial eyebrow depressors. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study was designed to evaluate and compare the effect of two different botulinum toxin injection techniques on brow shape and position...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278862/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-a-retrospective-analysis-of-72-patients-from-a-german-academic-center
#7
Markus V Heppt, Valerie Letulé, Ieva Laniauskaite, Markus Reinholz, Julia K Tietze, Hans Wolff, Thomas Ruzicka, Elke C Sattler
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) describes the scarring, band-like recession of the frontotemporal hairline. Treatment is difficult, and currently, no evidence-based therapy exists. The purpose of this study is to report clinical features and treatment responses in a large cohort of patients with FFA. The authors analyzed a series of 72 patients with a clinical or histologic diagnosis of FFA. A total of 70 patients were female (97.2%), and 2 were male (2.8%). In females, the first onset of FFA was postmenopausal in 81...
December 26, 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276403/thermal-camera-as-a-pain-monitor
#8
Varlik K Erel, Heval Selman Özkan
Objectives: Today, many subjective methods are used to measure pain. Wong Baker and Hicks Facial Pain Scale is one of the most commonly used method. Clinicians grade pain according to the facial mimetic reaction of the patient. Unfortunately, there is no objective measure for monitoring pain. By using the same principle of the Wong Baker and Hicks Facial Pain Scale, in this study, we aimed to objectively measure pain by using a thermal camera to detect instant facial temperature changes...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273931/comparison-of-periorbital-anthropometry-between-beauty-pageant-contestants-and-ordinary-young-women-with-korean-ethnicity-a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis
#9
Young Chul Kim, Jin Geun Kwon, Sung Chan Kim, Chang Hun Huh, Hee Jin Kim, Tae Suk Oh, Kyung S Koh, Jong Woo Choi, Woo Shik Jeong
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in the periorbital anthropometry between national Beauty Pageant Contestants and Ordinary Young Women with Korean ethnicity. METHODS: Forty-three Beauty Pageant Contestants who were elected for the national beauty contest and forty-eight Ordinary Young Women underwent 3D photography. The authors analyzed 3D photogrammetric measures regarding periorbital soft tissue. RESULTS: The palpebral fissure width was significantly higher in the Beauty Pageant Contestants than the Ordinary Young Women (27...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260097/cdh3-gene-related-hypotrichosis-and-juvenile-macular-dystrophy-a-case-with-a-novel-mutation
#10
Omer Karti, Saygin Abali, Ziya Ayhan, Eylem Gokmeydan, Serhad Nalcaci, Aylin Yaman, Ali Osman Saatci
Purpose: CDH3-related hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy (HJMD) is an autosomal-recessive entity characterized by congenital sparse scalp hair and macular dystrophy, leading to severe central visual loss. We report a family with HJMD caused by a novel CDH3 gene mutation and review the mutation spectrum in HJMD. A detailed phenotypic assessment for patients whose molecular results were reported previously is also summarized. Observations: We present a 13-year-old Turkish girl who experienced gradual bilateral visual deterioration with marked hair loss...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244018/detection-of-novel-betapapillomaviruses-and-gammapapillomaviruses-in-eyebrow-hair-follicles-using-a-single-tube-hanging-droplet-pcr-assay-with-modified-pan-pv-codehop-primers
#11
Diego Chouhy, Boštjan J Kocjan, Jeannette P Staheli, Elisa M Bolatti, Lea Hošnjak, Martin Sagadin, Adriana A Giri, Timothy M Rose, Mario Poljak
A modified pan-PV consensus-degenerate hybrid oligonucleotide primer (CODEHOP) PCR was developed for generic and sensitive detection of a broad-spectrum of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infecting the cutaneous epithelium. To test the analytical sensitivity of the assay we examined 149 eyebrow hair follicle specimens from immunocompetent male patients. HPV DNA was detected in 60 % (89/149) of analysed eyebrow samples with a total of 48 different HPV sequences, representing 21 previously described HPVs and 27 putative novel HPV types...
December 15, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240241/okur-chung-neurodevelopmental-syndrome-eight-additional-cases-with-implications-on-phenotype-and-genotype-expansion
#12
A T G Chiu, S L C Pei, C C Y Mak, G K C Leung, M H C Yu, S L Lee, M Vreeburg, R Pfundt, I van der Burgt, T Kleefstra, T M-T Frederic, S Nambot, L Faivre, A-L Bruel, M Rossi, B Isidor, S Küry, B Cogne, T Besnard, M Willems, M R F Reijnders, B H Y Chung
Okur-Chung syndrome is a neurodevelopmental condition attributed to germline CSNK2A1 pathogenic missense variants. We present eight unreported subjects with the above syndrome, who have recognizable dysmorphism, varying degrees of developmental delay and multisystem involvement. Together with six previously reported cases, we present a case series of seven female and seven male subjects, highlighting the recognizable facial features of the syndrome (microcephaly, hypertelorism, epicanthic fold, ptosis, arched eyebrows, low set ears, ear fold abnormality, broad nasal bridge and round face) as well as frequently occurring clinical features including neurodevelopmental delay (93%), gastrointestinal (57%), musculoskeletal (57%) and immunological (43%) abnormalities...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236266/proliferative-pilomatricoma-of-the-eyebrow-in-a-94-year-old-patient
#13
Christopher P Nyte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224249/pili-annulati-in-a-case-of-rothmund-thomson-syndrome-with-a-novel-frameshift-mutation-in-recql4
#14
B Bhoyrul, H Lindsay, R Robinson, J Stahlschmidt, T Palmer, S Edward, S M Clark
Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterised by erythematous patches or plaques and sometimes swelling and blisters, which appear during infancy on photo-exposed sites, usually the cheeks, then progress to poikiloderma. Other features include gastrointestinal disturbance, short stature, sparse scalp hair/eyebrows/eyelashes, skeletal abnormalities, juvenile cataracts, hypogonadism and a susceptibility to malignancy. Two forms have been described: Type I, characterised by poikiloderma, ectodermal dysplasia and juvenile cataracts, negative for the RECQL4 mutation, and Type II, with poikiloderma, congenital bone defects and increased risk of osteosarcoma related to deleterious RECQL4 mutations...
December 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220674/actb-loss-of-function-mutations-result-in-a-pleiotropic-developmental-disorder
#15
Sara Cuvertino, Helen M Stuart, Kate E Chandler, Neil A Roberts, Ruth Armstrong, Laura Bernardini, Sanjeev Bhaskar, Bert Callewaert, Jill Clayton-Smith, Cristina Hernando Davalillo, Charu Deshpande, Koenraad Devriendt, Maria C Digilio, Abhijit Dixit, Matthew Edwards, Jan M Friedman, Antonio Gonzalez-Meneses, Shelagh Joss, Bronwyn Kerr, Anne Katrin Lampe, Sylvie Langlois, Rachel Lennon, Philippe Loget, David Y T Ma, Ruth McGowan, Maryse Des Medt, James O'Sullivan, Sylvie Odent, Michael J Parker, Céline Pebrel-Richard, Florence Petit, Zornitza Stark, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Sigrid Tinschert, Pradeep Vasudevan, Olaya Villa, Susan M White, Farah R Zahir, Adrian S Woolf, Siddharth Banka
ACTB encodes β-actin, an abundant cytoskeletal housekeeping protein. In humans, postulated gain-of-function missense mutations cause Baraitser-Winter syndrome (BRWS), characterized by intellectual disability, cortical malformations, coloboma, sensorineural deafness, and typical facial features. To date, the consequences of loss-of-function ACTB mutations have not been proven conclusively. We describe heterozygous ACTB deletions and nonsense and frameshift mutations in 33 individuals with developmental delay, apparent intellectual disability, increased frequency of internal organ malformations (including those of the heart and the renal tract), growth retardation, and a recognizable facial gestalt (interrupted wavy eyebrows, dense eyelashes, wide nose, wide mouth, and a prominent chin) that is distinct from characteristics of individuals with BRWS...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215445/detailed-anatomy-of-osteoperiosteal-ligamentous-structures-in-the-forehead
#16
Jong Pil Choi, Hyun Gu Kang, Yong Seok Nam, In-Beom Kim
This study aimed to present the anatomic characteristics of osteoperiosteal ligamentous attachments of the forehead and provide a better understanding of lateral eyebrow descent for safe and effective foreheadplasty. Anatomic dissections of the face were performed in 10 fresh Korean adult cadavers (20 hemifaces) using 2.5× magnification surgical loupes. Supraorbital, inferomedial orbital, and frontonasal osteoperiosteal ligamentous attachments were identified as fibrous tissues originating from a bone, and their tensile strengths were measured...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215440/the-aesthetic-analyzing-of-midface-ratio-after-folding-aponeurosis-of-levator-palpebrae-superioris-muscle-in-the-ptosis-correction
#17
Chenyang Ji, Ruiting Li, Wei He, Jinming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Some fordless-eyelid patients with moderate upper lid ptosis characterize in a higher eyebrow position which leads to an increased midfacial ratio. Apart from performing blepharoplasty to create dynamic folds, additional procedures such as folding aponeurosis of levator palpebrae superioris muscle were effective to revise the enlarged ratio of midface through lowering eyebrow, which gains good aesthetic results. However, the specific changes in the proportion of facial aesthetics and the importance of these change were serious lack in the literature as far as the authors know...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209412/minor-physical-anomalies-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-twin-study
#18
Lynnea Myers, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Ann Nordgren, Charlotte Willfors, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte
Background: Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle anatomical deviations in one's appearance and may suggest altered embryogenesis. MPAs have been shown to be more common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typical development. Still, further studies are needed on MPAs in NDDs, especially using twins to adjust for confounding familial factors. Methods: Clinical assessments were conducted on 116 twins (61 NDD, 55 controls) from 51 monozygotic and 7 dizygotic pairs to examine MPAs and their association with DSM-5 defined NDDs...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209020/a-genotype-first-approach-identifies-an-intellectual-disability-overweight-syndrome-caused-by-phip-haploinsufficiency
#19
Sandra Jansen, Alexander Hoischen, Bradley P Coe, Gemma L Carvill, Hilde Van Esch, Daniëlle G M Bosch, Ulla A Andersen, Carl Baker, Marijke Bauters, Raphael A Bernier, Bregje W van Bon, Hedi L Claahsen-van der Grinten, Jozef Gecz, Christian Gilissen, Lucia Grillo, Anna Hackett, Tjitske Kleefstra, David Koolen, Malin Kvarnung, Martin J Larsen, Carlo Marcelis, Fiona McKenzie, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Caroline Nava, Janneke H Schuurs-Hoeijmakers, Rolph Pfundt, Marloes Steehouwer, Servi J C Stevens, Connie T Stumpel, Fleur Vansenne, Mirella Vinci, Maartje van de Vorst, Petra de Vries, Kali Witherspoon, Joris A Veltman, Han G Brunner, Heather C Mefford, Corrado Romano, Lisenka E L M Vissers, Evan E Eichler, Bert B A de Vries
Genotype-first combined with reverse phenotyping has shown to be a powerful tool in human genetics, especially in the era of next generation sequencing. This combines the identification of individuals with mutations in the same gene and linking these to consistent (endo)phenotypes to establish disease causality. We have performed a MIP (molecular inversion probe)-based targeted re-sequencing study in 3,275 individuals with intellectual disability (ID) to facilitate a genotype-first approach for 24 genes previously implicated in ID...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201339/trigger-features-for-conveying-facial-expressions-the-role-of-segmentation
#20
Vilayanur S Ramachandran, Chaipat Chunharas, Michael Smythies
Primates are especially good at recognizing facial expression using two contrasting strategies-an individual diagnostic feature (e.g., raise eyebrows or lower mouth corner) versus a relationship between features. We report several novel experiments that demonstrate a profound role of grouping and segmentation-including stereo-on recognition of facial expressions.
November 2017: I-Perception
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