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Aleksandra Klobučar, Vera Folnegović-Šmalc, Dubravka Kocijan-Hercigonja, Slavica Sović, Ljiljana Gulić
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this study was to analyse and show clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in 38 participants aged between 10 and 17 with DSM-IV diagnoses of Trichotillomania (TTM) that we were treating at Children's Hospital Zagreb from 2008 to 2017. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data obtained from semi-structured interviews by the criteria of DSM-IV, Youth Self Report (YSR) (Achenbach & Rescorla 2001) and survey that we created...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Ahmed M Megreya, Markus Bindemann
Identity comparisons of photographs of unfamiliar faces are prone to error but important for applied settings, such as person identification at passport control. Finding techniques to improve face-matching accuracy is therefore an important contemporary research topic. This study investigated whether matching accuracy can be improved by instruction to attend to specific facial features. Experiment 1 showed that instruction to attend to the eyebrows enhanced matching accuracy for optimized same-day same-race face pairs but not for other-race faces...
2018: PloS One
Kun Hwang, Seong Kyung Yoo
The aim of this study was to analyze eyebrow shapes in portraits of Chinese empresses of Ming and Qing dynasties.The frontal portraits of 20 Ming empresses and 24 of Qing in which the eye and eyebrows were identifiable were measured and analyzed. The arch shape did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) between Ming and Qing. The head-up type (66.6%) was significantly more common (P < 0.001), than tail-up (13.6%), horizontal (13.6%), and arched (6.8%). The brow arches of Ming and Qing empresses were classified as 5 arch types: L (Lamas), A (Anastasia), H (Hwang), M (Empress Ma), and D (Empress Du)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Tomoko Saikusa, Munetsugu Hara, Kazuhiro Iwama, Kotaro Yuge, Chihiro Ohba, Jun-Ichiro Okada, Tadashi Hisano, Yushiro Yamashita, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto, Toyojiro Matsuishi
We present a unique 11-year-old girl showing clinical features of Rett-related disorder with distinctive facial features and multiple congenital anomalies including ocular hypertelorism, arched eyebrows, a broad nose, dental anomalies, congenital heart disease, truncal obesity, and epilepsy. A novel de novo mutation in histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) (c.652G > T, p.Gly218Cys) was confirmed by whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing. X-chromosome inactivation analysis on DNA isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes revealed a completely skewed pattern associated with an inactive maternal allele...
March 5, 2018: Brain & Development
Hatim Salih
We combine the eyebrow-raising quantum phenomena of erasure and counterfactuality for the first time, proposing a simple yet unusual quantum eraser: A distant Bob can decide to erase which-path information from Alice's photon, dramatically restoring interference-without previously shared entanglement, and without Alice's photon ever leaving her laboratory.
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Kun Hwang, Xia Jing Wu, Hun Kim, Dae Joong Kim
The aim of this study was to elucidate the sensory territory of the trigeminal nerve on the upper eyelid.Eight hemifaces from Korean cadavers were dissected. The frontal nerve (FN), supraorbital nerve (SON), supratrochlear nerve (STN), infratrochlear nerve (ITN), and lacrimal nerve (LN) were traced.The terminal branches to the eyelid margin of FN were distributed between 1/6 and 2/5 of the palpebral fissure width lateral to the medial canthus and 1/6 of the eyebrow height from eyelid margin. The SON was distributed between 2/5 and 9/10 of the eye width lateral to the medial canthus, at 1/3 of the eyebrow height...
March 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Nongsak Chanasumon, Tueboon Sriphojanart, Poonkiat Suchonwanit
Eyebrows serve as a key feature of the face and have many roles, including cosmetic appearance and social communication. Eyebrow hypotrichosis, which refers to reduction or absence of the eyebrow hair, could be a major problem that leads to negative functional, psychological, and social consequences. Bimatoprost is an ophthalmic prostamide analog that is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of eyelash hypotrichosis. Its proposed mechanism is stimulation of the prostaglandin receptor in dermal papilla and melanocyte, thus leading to a prolonged anagen phase and increased melanogenesis...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Hamama Jalal, Khalfi Lahcen, Sabani Hicham, El Khatib Karim
INTRODUCTION: Severe ptosis of more than 4mm with poor levator function of less than 4mm is treated via the frontalis muscle suspension technique using autogenous temporal fascia. TECHNICAL NOTE: The surgery was performed under general anaesthesia. The eyelid crease was incised and the tarsus exposed. An incision centered on the mid-pupillary level was then made just above the eyebrow with exposure of the frontalis muscle. The temporal fascia strip was sutured to the tarsus at three points...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Anil K Garg, Seema Garg
Context: The evidence suggests that our perception of physical beauty is based on how closely the features of one's face reflect phi (the golden ratio) in their proportions. By that extension, it must certainly be possible to use a mathematical parameter to design an anterior hairline in all faces. Aim: To establish a user-friendly method to design an anterior hairline in cases of male pattern alopecia. Materials and Methods: We need a flexible measuring tape and skin marker...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Uwe Wollina
We present a 103 - year - old patient, with duration of complaints of about ten years. The initial complaint had been presented as a small nodule, located on the eyebrow, which subsequently ulcerated and encompassed larger regions of the upper and lower eyelids. For the past three years, the patient also had complaints of a worsening of his vision, without seeking for medical help. Within the dermatological examination, an intraocular and periocular localised tumour was established, characterised by a raised peripheral edge and central ulceration...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Justin L Makovicka, Joshua S Bingham, Karan A Patel, Simon W Young, Christopher P Beauchamp, Mark J Spangehl
BACKGROUND: Positive-pressure exhaust suits cost more than standard surgical gowns, and recent evidence suggests that they do not decrease infection risk. As a result, some hospitals and surgeons have abandoned positive-pressure exhaust suits in favor of less expensive alternatives. We propose that in addition to their original purpose of decreasing infection rates, positive-pressure exhaust suits may also improve personal protection for the surgeon and assistants, perhaps justifying their added costs...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
J Chauvel-Picard, A Pierrefeu, O Harou, P Breton, N Sigaux
INTRODUCTION: Malignant chondroid syringomas, also known as cutaneous malignant mixed tumors, are rare neoplasms that most frequently occur on the torso or extremities of women. Here we present an illustrated case of a facial malignant chondroid syringoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 32-year-old female patient with no notable medical history presented with an approximately 1cm-wide, painless, palpably-mobile subcutaneous nodule, suggestive of a sebaceous cyst, just above the middle third of the right eyebrow...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Sadık Etka Bayramoğlu, Nihat Sayın, Mehmet Erdogan, Dilbade Yıldız Ekinci, Nail Uzunlulu, Zuhal Bayramoglu
A 35-year-old male patient was presented with pain on his right upper eyelid. A piece of wood injured his orbital and supraorbital regions while working at a furniture factory 10 days prior to our hospital admission. It was learned that the patient was discharged following the primary would closure procedure. Subsequent to the craniofacial computed tomography, primary wound closure was performed in the emergency room of previous hospital. In our clinic, a skin suturing on the nasal side of the right eyebrow was inspected and a foreign body (FB) was palpated on the superonasal contiguity of the patients' right globe...
February 22, 2018: Orbit
Baoheng Gui, Yanning Song, Xuyun Hu, Hongdou Li, Zailong Qin, Jiasun Su, Chuan Li, Xin Fan, Mengting Li, Jingsi Luo, Ying Feng, Liping Song, Shaoke Chen, Chunxiu Gong, Yiping Shen
BACKGROUND: Rothmund-Thomson syndrome (RTS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder mainly characterized by cutaneous poikiloderma, sparse hair, short stature and skeletal defects. Deleterious mutations in the RecQ-like DNA helicase type 4 (RECQL4) gene have been detected in approximately two-thirds of RTS cases. METHODS: Three Chinese patients from two unrelated families were enrolled for clinical evaluation. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) using a custom panel consisting of 705 short-stature-related genes was performed for the probands...
February 17, 2018: Gene
Zhenyu Zhang, Junfeng Cui, Bo Wang, Haiyue Jiang, Guoxin Chen, Jinhong Yu, Chengte Lin, Chun Tang, Alexander Hartmaier, Junjie Zhang, Jun Luo, Andreas Rosenkranz, Nan Jiang, Dongming Guo
Silicon carbide (SiC) is widely used in harsh environments and under extreme conditions, including at high-power, high-temperature, high-current, high-voltage and high-frequency. The rebonding and self-matching of stack faults (SFs) is highly desirable to avoid catastrophic failure for SiC devices, especially for specific applications in the aerospace and nuclear power industries. In this study, a novel approach was developed using an eyebrow hair to pick up and transfer nanowires (NWs), in order to obtain in situ transmission electron microscope (TEM) images of the rebonding and self-matching of SFs at atomic resolution...
February 20, 2018: Nanoscale
Cecilia Nordqvist, Sebastien Fracheboud, Yan Guex-Crosier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Jonathan Rychen, Davide Croci, Michel Roethlisberger, Erez Nossek, Matthew Potts, Ivan Radovanovic, Howard Riina, Luigi Mariani, Raphael Guzman, Daniel W Zumofen
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive alternatives to the pterional craniotomy include the minipterional and the supraorbital craniotomy (SOC). The latter is performed via either an eyebrow or an eyelid skin incision. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the type and the incidence of approach-related complications of these keyhole craniotomies. METHODS: We review pertinent publications retrieved by search in the PubMed/Medline database. Inclusion criteria were all full-text publications, abstracts, and posters in English, up to 2016, reporting clinical results...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Deshka Foster, Tiffany J Sinclair, Jordan S Taylor, Sanjeev Dutta, Hermann P Lorenz, Matias Bruzoni
PURPOSE: Benign masses of the eyebrow and forehead are common in pediatric patients and can result in facial asymmetry, discomfort, or super-infection. Excision is classically conducted via an incision directly over the mass, which can produce sub-optimal cosmesis. Recently, an endoscopic approach using pediatric brow-lift equipment has been adopted. We reviewed our center's experience with endoscopic removal of benign facial lesions and compared these cases with an equivalent series of open cases...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Piranit Nik Kantaputra, Seema Kapoor, Prashant Verma, Worrachet Intachai, James R Ketudat Cairns
We report an Indian girl with split-hand/foot malformation (SHFM), sparse hair, and interrupted eyebrows, who carries a novel homozygous deletion c.695_697delACA in WNT10B. The variant is deduced to cause an in-frame deletion of Asn residue 232 (p.Asn232del). According to the protein model, this single amino acid deletion at the critical position in the protein structure is likely to severely affect the protein structure and function. This deletion is likely to lead decreased lifetime and make it unable to bind to its receptors and other ligands...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Sivashanmugam Dhandapani, Sushant Kumar Sahoo
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive approach to distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms could not gain much acceptance due to the difficulties associated with conventional frontal paramedian approach. The more proximal basal interhemispheric approach however necessitated extensive dissection of soft tissues. We describe a minimally invasive median supraorbital keyhole craniotomy with basal interhemispheric approach for clipping a ruptured DACA aneurysm. METHODS: A 62-year-old patient presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage...
February 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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