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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#1
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614671/gestalt-breastfeeding-helping-mothers-and-infants-optimize-positional-stability-and-intraoral-breast-tissue-volume-for-effective-pain-free-milk-transfer
#2
Pamela Douglas, Renee Keogh
In the past decade, biological nurturing and activation of maternal and infant instincts after birth have constituted a major advance in clinical breastfeeding support. Yet, physiologic breastfeeding initiation is not enough to ensure ongoing pain-free and effective breastfeeding for many pairs. Current interventions, including "hands-off" mammalian approaches, do not improve breastfeeding outcomes, including in randomized controlled trials. Back-arching, difficulty latching or staying on the breast, and fussing at the breast are common signs of infant positional instability during breastfeeding...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610532/get-dressed-and-get-well
#3
Lorna Young
[Figure: see text] I read your #endPJparalysis news analysis (31 May) with wonder and anger. I have worked in rehabilitation nursing for more than 20 years from strokes to surgical to amputation. We always strive to get patients dressed, to aid recovery, promote independence, encourage exercise and to help the patient regain their individuality. I am shocked that the acute sector is making such a fuss about something they should have been doing all along.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554786/is-sensory-processing-an-issue-for-infants-with-colic
#4
Tracy Harb, Nadine Frederiksen, Rebecca J Hill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory functioning, sleep, cry/fuss, and feeding behaviors of infants with colic younger than 4 months of age. METHODS: Dunn's Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile™ and a modified Barr Baby Day Diary(©) were used to assess 44 breastfed infants with colic under four months of age. Colic was defined according to Wessel's criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 44 infants with colic (77%) scored as atypical for sensory processing...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535011/tumor-growth-limited-to-subcutaneous-site-vs-tumor-growth-in-pulmonary-site-exhibit-differential-effects-on-systemic-immunities
#5
Junko Masuda, Eiji Takayama, Warren Strober, Ayano Satoh, Yuji Morimoto, Yasuko Honjo, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Shin-Ichi Tokuno, Toshiaki Ishizuka, Takahiro Nakata, Akifumi Mizutani, Naoki Umemura, Atsushi Kitani, Ivan J Fuss, Tsukasa Shigehiro, Harumi Kawaki, Masako Mizuno-Kamiya, Nobuo Kondoh, Masaharu Seno
To evaluate systemic immunity associated with tumor growth limited to a subcutaneous site versus growth proceeding at multiple tumor sites, we established syngeneic mouse subcutaneous and pulmonary tumor models by local subcutaneous and intravenous injection of colon carcinoma CT26 cells. We found that splenic myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) levels were significantly increased in the subcutaneous tumor model but not in the pulmonary tumor model. Furthermore, both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells as well as CD4+ Foxp3+ T cells were significantly decreased in the subcutaneous tumor model and were largely unchanged in the pulmonary tumor model...
May 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534670/a-long-preoperative-duration-of-symptoms-is-associated-with-worse-functional-outcomes-after-1-stage-arthroscopic-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tears-with-shoulder-stiffness
#6
Yuzhou Chen, Shiyi Chen, Yang Qiao, Yunshen Ge, Hong Li, Jiwu Chen, Yinghui Hua, Yunxia Li
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears with shoulder stiffness remain a difficult issue. Despite the reported satisfactory results of 1-stage surgery, little information is available regarding the factors that affect clinical outcomes. Purpose/Hypothesis: To evaluate the 1-stage arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff tears with shoulder stiffness and to present the influence of duration of symptoms (DOS) on postoperative functional outcomes. The hypothesis was that a long preoperative DOS is related to worse functional outcomes...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531170/potential-hominin-affinities-of-graecopithecus-from-the-late-miocene-of-europe
#7
Jochen Fuss, Nikolai Spassov, David R Begun, Madelaine Böhme
The split of our own clade from the Panini is undocumented in the fossil record. To fill this gap we investigated the dentognathic morphology of Graecopithecus freybergi from Pyrgos Vassilissis (Greece) and cf. Graecopithecus sp. from Azmaka (Bulgaria), using new μCT and 3D reconstructions of the two known specimens. Pyrgos Vassilissis and Azmaka are currently dated to the early Messinian at 7.175 Ma and 7.24 Ma. Mainly based on its external preservation and the previously vague dating, Graecopithecus is often referred to as nomen dubium...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530713/bach2-immunodeficiency-illustrates-an-association-between-super-enhancers-and-haploinsufficiency
#8
Behdad Afzali, Juha Grönholm, Jana Vandrovcova, Charlotte O'Brien, Hong-Wei Sun, Ine Vanderleyden, Fred P Davis, Ahmad Khoder, Yu Zhang, Ahmed N Hegazy, Alejandro V Villarino, Ira W Palmer, Joshua Kaufman, Norman R Watts, Majid Kazemian, Olena Kamenyeva, Julia Keith, Anwar Sayed, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Michael Mueller, Jason D Hughes, Ivan J Fuss, Mohammed F Sadiyah, Kim Montgomery-Recht, Joshua McElwee, Nicholas P Restifo, Warren Strober, Michelle A Linterman, Paul T Wingfield, Holm H Uhlig, Rahul Roychoudhuri, Timothy J Aitman, Peter Kelleher, Michael J Lenardo, John J O'Shea, Nichola Cooper, Arian D J Laurence
The transcriptional programs that guide lymphocyte differentiation depend on the precise expression and timing of transcription factors (TFs). The TF BACH2 is essential for T and B lymphocytes and is associated with an archetypal super-enhancer (SE). Single-nucleotide variants in the BACH2 locus are associated with several autoimmune diseases, but BACH2 mutations that cause Mendelian monogenic primary immunodeficiency have not previously been identified. Here we describe a syndrome of BACH2-related immunodeficiency and autoimmunity (BRIDA) that results from BACH2 haploinsufficiency...
July 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528902/x-cells-are-globally-distributed-genetically-divergent-fish-parasites-related-to-perkinsids-and-dinoflagellates
#9
Mark A Freeman, Janina Fuss, Árni Kristmundsson, Marit F M Bjorbækmo, Jean-François Mangot, Javier Del Campo, Patrick J Keeling, Kamran Shalchian-Tabrizi, David Bass
"X-cells" have long been associated with tumor-like formations (xenomas) in marine fish, including many of commercial interest. The name was first used to refer to the large polygonal cells that were found in epidermal xenomas from flatfish from the Pacific Northwest [1]. Similar looking cells from pseudobranchial xenomas had previously been reported from cod in the Atlantic [2] and Pacific Oceans [3]. X-cell pathologies have been reported from five teleost orders: Pleuronectiformes (flatfish), Perciformes (perch-like fish), Gadiformes (cods), Siluriformes (catfish), and Salmoniformes (salmonids)...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451749/functional-characterization-of-the-pinoresinol-lariciresinol-reductase-2-gene-reveals-its-roles-in-yatein-biosynthesis-and-flax-defense-response
#10
Cyrielle Corbin, Samantha Drouet, Ivan Mateljak, Lucija Markulin, Cédric Decourtil, Sullivan Renouard, Tatiana Lopez, Joël Doussot, Frédéric Lamblin, Daniel Auguin, Eric Lainé, Elisabeth Fuss, Christophe Hano
This study provides new insights into the biosynthesis regulation and in planta function of the lignan yatein in flax leaves. Pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductases (PLR) catalyze the conversion of pinoresinol into secoisolariciresinol (SECO) in lignan biosynthesis. Several lignans are accumulated in high concentrations, such as SECO accumulated as secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) in seeds and yatein in aerial parts, in the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum L.) from which two PLR enzymes of opposite enantioselectivity have been isolated...
April 27, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443832/protective-buffering-capacity-of-restorative-dental-materials-in-vitro
#11
Markus Fuss, Michael J Wicht, Thomas Attin, Sonja H M Derman, Michael J Noack
PURPOSE: To investigate the buffering capacity of restorative materials during a simulated carious and intrinsic erosive attack. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cavities with a volume of 130 μl were milled (Cerec MC XL) out of blocks of Ceram X Mono (CM), Quixfil (QX), Filtek Supreme (FS), Apa Fill 3 (AF), an experimental dual-curing composite containing a bioactive glass (EX), Dyract eXtra (DY), Beautifil (BE), Equia Fil (EQ), Telio CAD (TL) (negative control), TheraCal (TC; positive control), and extracted teeth (ED)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427725/association-of-mild-leg-length-discrepancy-and-degenerative-changes-in-the-hip-joint-and-lumbar-spine
#12
Kelvin J Murray, Tom Molyneux, Michael R Le Grande, Aurora Castro Mendez, Franz K Fuss, Michael F Azari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between mild leg length discrepancy (LLD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) or osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated standard postural lumbopelvic radiographs from 255 adults (121 women and 134 men) who had presented with spinal pain for chiropractic care. Symmetry of femoral head diameters was used to exclude magnification errors. Pearson's partial correlation was used to control for age and derive effect sizes for LLD on DJD in the hip and lower lumbar motion segments...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385295/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-fussing-and-crying-durations-and-prevalence-of-colic-in-infants
#13
Dieter Wolke, Ayten Bilgin, Muthanna Samara
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean duration of fussing and crying and prevalence of colic using modified Wessel criteria in infants in the first 3 months of life. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using the databases Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase. The major outcome measure was mean total fuss/cry duration during 24 hours at ages 1-2 weeks (11 samples), 3-4 weeks (6 samples), 5-6 weeks (28 samples), 8-9 weeks (9 samples), and 10-12 weeks (12 samples)...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373521/fussing-over-the-middle-child-heart-failure-with-mid-range-ejection-fraction
#14
Carolyn S P Lam, Scott D Solomon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301071/applications-of-high-resolution-magic-angle-spinning-mrs-in-biomedical-studies-i-cell-line-and-animal-models
#15
REVIEW
Eva Kaebisch, Taylor L Fuss, Lindsey A Vandergrift, Karin Toews, Piet Habbel, Leo L Cheng
High-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) MRS allows for direct measurements of non-liquid tissue and cell specimens to present valuable insights into the cellular metabolisms of physiological and pathological processes. HRMAS produces high-resolution spectra comparable to those obtained from solutions of specimen extracts but without complex metabolite extraction processes, and preserves the tissue cellular structure in a form suitable for pathological examinations following spectroscopic analysis. The technique has been applied in a wide variety of biomedical and biochemical studies and become one of the major platforms of metabolomic studies...
March 16, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261843/tools-assessment-and-diagnosis-to-infant-colic-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
S García Marqués, R Chillón Martínez, S González Zapata, M Rebollo Salas, J J Jiménez Rejano
BACKGROUND: Infant colic occurs between 10% and 40% of healthy born children in their first year of life. Its assessment is complex, and there are only a few instruments of appraisement and diagnosis. METHODS: Scientific articles located through a systematic review using the Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, PEDro, Dialnet, IME and Dialnet databases. Two researchers obtained data independently from relevant studies previously identified. Risk of bias was assessed according to the methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration, with reporting following the preferred reported items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines and evaluating their methodological quality based on the EMPRO scale...
March 5, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228420/body-composition-changes-in-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-long-term-effects-of-reducing-intake-of-energy-calerie-2-study-a-2-y-randomized-controlled-trial-of-calorie-restriction-in-nonobese-humans
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sai Krupa Das, Susan B Roberts, Manjushri V Bhapkar, Dennis T Villareal, Luigi Fontana, Corby K Martin, Susan B Racette, Paul J Fuss, William E Kraus, William W Wong, Edward Saltzman, Carl F Pieper, Roger A Fielding, Ann V Schwartz, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman
Background: Calorie restriction (CR) retards aging and increases longevity in many animal models. However, it is unclear whether CR can be implemented in humans without adverse effects on body composition.Objective: We evaluated the effect of a 2-y CR regimen on body composition including the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) among participants enrolled in CALERIE-2 (Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy), a multicenter, randomized controlled trial.Design: Participants were 218 nonobese (BMI: 21...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220153/high-throughput-flowing-upstream-sperm-sorting-in-a-retarding-flow-field-for-human-semen-analysis
#18
Jen-Kuei Wu, Peng-Chun Chen, Yu-Nan Lin, Chia-Woei Wang, Li-Chern Pan, Fan-Gang Tseng
In this paper, we propose a microfluidic device capable of generating a retarding flow field for the sorting and separation of human motile sperm in a high-throughput manner. The proposed sorting/separation process begins with a rapid flow field in a straight-flow zone to carry sperm into a sorting zone to maintain the sperm's mobility. The sorting zone consists of a diffuser-type sperm sorter to differentiate sperm with different motilities based on the flowing upstream nature of human sperm in a retarding flow field...
March 13, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215545/associations-of-parental-food-choice-control-and-use-of-food-to-soothe-with-adiposity-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#19
Shiau Y Chong, Catherine R Chittleborough, Tess Gregory, John W Lynch, Murthy N Mittinty, Lisa G Smithers
BACKGROUND: Associations of parental feeding techniques with adiposity are mixed and largely rely on cross-sectional studies. We examined associations between parental food-choice control and using food to soothe at 3.5 years on adiposity at 7 and 15 years. METHODS: Participants were from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n = 7312). Food-choice control was assessed using the item 'how much choice do you allow him/her in deciding what foods he eats at meals?'...
June 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199359/high-impact-of-sleeping-problems-on-quality-of-life-in-transgender-individuals-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study
#20
Matthias K Auer, Anita Liedl, Johannes Fuss, Timo Nieder, Peer Briken, Günter K Stalla, Thomas Hildebrandt, Sarah V Biedermann, Caroline Sievers
INTRODUCTION: Studies in the general population suggest that determinants of QoL are often sex-dependent. Sex-dependent analyses of QoL in transgender populations have not been performed so far. AIM: To identify sex-specific and potentially modifiable determinants of QoL in transgender patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional multicentre study including 82 transwomen (TW) and 72 transmen (TM) at different treatment stages, we investigated potential determinants for QoL focusing on the impact of mood (BDI, STAI-X), sleep quality (PSQI), chronic pain (GPQ), body image (FBeK) and social support (SSS)...
2017: PloS One
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