keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cruciferous vegetables

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627624/pro-oxidant-activity-of-sulforaphane-and-cisplatin-potentiates-apoptosis-and-simultaneously-promotes-autophagy-in-malignant-mesothelioma-cells
#1
Yoon-Jin Lee, Sang-Han Lee
Sulforaphane (SFN) is an isothiocyanate compound derived from glucoraphanin, which is found in cruciferous vegetables, and has been heralded as a chemopreventive and/or chemotherapeutic agent. The present study investigated the effects of SFN on enhancing the anticancer role of cisplatin (cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum; CDDP) in H‑28 malignant mesothelioma cells. At concentrations demonstrating limited toxicity in MeT‑5A normal human mesothelial cells, combination treatment with the two compounds exhibited synergistic growth‑inhibiting and apoptosis‑promoting activities, as demonstrated by a series of proapoptotic events, including reactive oxygen species accumulation, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, upregulation of p53 expression, increased B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2) associated X protein/Bcl‑2 ratio, activation of caspase‑3, the occurrence of a sub‑G0/G1 peak and an increase in cells with pyknotic and fragmented nuclei, Annexin V‑phycoerythrin‑positive staining and G2/M phase‑transition delay in the cell cycle...
June 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621439/cloning-and-functional-identification-of-moricins-from-the-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella-l
#2
X-F Xia, Y Li, X-Q Yu, J-H Lin, S-Y Li, Q Li, M-S You
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small-molecule peptides that play crucial roles in insect innate immune responses. To better understand the function of AMPs in Plutella xylostella, one of the main pests of cruciferous vegetables, three full-length cDNAs encoding moricins were cloned from Pl. xylostella. Two variants of the moricin named PxMor2 and PxMor3 were heterologously expressed and purified. A secondary structure analysis using circular dichroism demonstrated that the two peptides adopted an α-helical structure in the membrane-like environment, but in aqueous solution, they were present in random coiled conformation...
June 16, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599444/sulforaphane-sensitizes-human-breast-cancer-cells-to-paclitaxel-induced-apoptosis-by-downregulating-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#3
Seung-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Jung Park, Dong-Oh Moon
Sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate present in cruciferous vegetables, has been demonstrated to inhibit the growth of various types of cancer cell. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether SFN sensitizes breast cancer cells to paclitaxel-induced apoptosis and to identify the signal pathway through which SFN mediates apoptosis. Combined treatment of breast cancer cells with SFN and paclitaxel resulted in increased activation of apoptotic signaling pathway members, including caspase-3, -8 and -9, and cytochrome c, compared with treatment with SFN or paclitaxel alone...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596013/two-likely-targets-for-the-anti-cancer-effect-of-indole-derivatives-from-cruciferous-vegetables-pi3k-akt-mtor-signalling-pathway-and-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor
#4
REVIEW
Ada Popolo, Aldo Pinto, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Luca Rastrelli
Diets containing high quantities of plant foods are linked with a decreased likelihood of incidence of cancer. Several common plant-based dietary components exert effects on DNA methylation levels, and can positively influence genome stability and the transcription of tumor suppressors and oncogenes. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a substance present in vegetables of the Brassicaeae family, especially broccoli, white cabbage, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower. The in vivo biological effects of I3C are ascribed to a series of oligomeric products (including 3,3'-diindolylmethane), developed under acidic conditions...
June 5, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586165/3-3-diindolylmethane-suppresses-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-through-inhibiting-adipogenesis-of-pre-adipocytes-by-targeting-usp2-activity
#5
Hee Yang, Sang Gwon Seo, Seung Ho Shin, Soyun Min, Min Jeong Kang, Ra Yoo, Jeong Yeon Kwon, Shuhua Yue, Kee Hong Kim, Ji-Xin Cheng, Jong Rhan Kim, Jun Suk Park, Jong Hun Kim, Jung Han Yoon Park, Hyong Joo Lee, Ki Won Lee
SCOPE: Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a derivative abundant in cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, is well known for its various health benefits such as chemo-preventive and anti-obesity effects. I3C is easily metabolized to 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), a more stable form, in acidic conditions of the stomach. However, the anti-obesity effect of DIM has not been investigated clearly. We sought to investigate the effect of DIM on diet-induced obesity and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms...
June 6, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586058/3-3-diindolylmethane-downregulates-cyclin%C3%A2-d1-through-triggering-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#6
Xiaobo Zhang, Pakin Sukamporn, Shiqiang Zhang, Kyung-Won Min, Seung Joon Baek
As a major in vivo condensation product of indole-3-carbinol, which is mostly present in cruciferous vegetables, 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) has been previously reported with anti-proliferative action in different types of cancer by our group and others. To further elucidate these underlying mechanisms, we examined the effect of DIM on cyclin D1, which was aberrantly overexpressed in various cancer cells and tumors. Herein, we found that DIM downregulated cyclin D1 expression in colorectal cancer cells (CRC), which was independent of PPARγ expression and protease activity...
June 1, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560655/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-diindolylmethane-for-breast-cancer-biomarker-modulation-in-patients-taking-tamoxifen
#7
Cynthia A Thomson, H H Sherry Chow, Betsy C Wertheim, Denise J Roe, Alison Stopeck, Gertraud Maskarinec, Maria Altbach, Pavani Chalasani, Chuan Huang, Meghan B Strom, Jean-Philippe Galons, Patricia A Thompson
PURPOSE: Diindolylmethane (DIM), a bioactive metabolite of indole-3-carbinol found in cruciferous vegetables, has proposed cancer chemoprevention activity in the breast. There is limited evidence of clinically relevant activity of DIM or long-term safety data of its regular use. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to determine the activity and safety of combined use of BioResponse DIM® (BR-DIM) with tamoxifen. METHODS: Women prescribed tamoxifen (n = 130) were randomly assigned oral BR-DIM at 150 mg twice daily or placebo, for 12 months...
May 30, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551250/the-contribution-of-alliaceous-and-cruciferous-vegetables-to-dietary-sulphur-intake
#8
Joanne F Doleman, Katrijn Grisar, Lena Van Liedekerke, Shikha Saha, Mark Roe, Henri S Tapp, Richard F Mithen
Despite its importance in many areas of human metabolism, there are no recommended daily intake guide lines for sulphur. It is generally assumed that most dietary sulphur originates from intake of methionine and cysteine. We estimated sulphur intake from food diaries, and validated the results with the use of a duplicate diet analyses. Sulphur intake estimations were highly correlated with that obtain through an elemental analysis of duplicate diets, with a mean±sd daily intakes of 956±327.9mg estimated from diet diary analyses and 935±329...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545668/phenethyl-isothiocyanate-suppresses-cancer-stem-cell-properties-in-vitro-and-in-a-xenograft-model
#9
Ji Ho Yun, Kyung-A Kim, Gyhye Yoo, Sun Young Kim, Ji Min Shin, Jung Hoon Kim, Sang Hoon Jung, Jungho Kim, Chu Won Nho
BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subset of cells within the bulk of a tumor that have the ability to self-renew and differentiate, and are thus associated with cancer invasion, metastasis, and recurrence. Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) is a natural compound found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and is used as a cancer chemopreventive agent; however, its effects on CSCs are little known. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of PEITC on CSCs in this study by examining CSC properties...
July 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534825/a-novel-combination-of-withaferin-a-and-sulforaphane-inhibits-epigenetic-machinery-cellular-viability-and-induces-apoptosis-of-breast-cancer-cells
#10
Kendra J Royston, Neha Udayakumar, Kayla Lewis, Trygve O Tollefsbol
With cancer often classified as a disease that has an important epigenetic component, natural compounds that have the ability to regulate the epigenome become ideal candidates for study. Humans have a complex diet, which illustrates the need to elucidate the mechanisms of interaction between these bioactive compounds in combination. The natural compounds withaferin A (WA), from the Indian winter cherry, and sulforaphane (SFN), from cruciferous vegetables, have numerous anti-cancer effects and some report their ability to regulate epigenetic processes...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524097/vegetable-and-fruit-intake-and-fracture-related-hospitalisations-a-prospective-study-of-older-women
#11
Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Jonathan M Hodgson, Joshua R Lewis, Amanda Devine, Richard J Woodman, Wai H Lim, Germaine Wong, Kun Zhu, Catherine P Bondonno, Natalie C Ward, Richard L Prince
The importance of vegetable and fruit intakes for the prevention of fracture in older women is not well understood. Few studies have explored vegetable and fruit intakes separately, or the associations of specific types of vegetables and fruits with fracture hospitalisations. The objective of this study was to examine the associations of vegetable and fruit intakes, separately, and specific types of vegetables and fruits with fracture-related hospitalisations in a prospective cohort of women aged ≥70 years...
May 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504909/ethanol-extract-of-brassica-rapa-ssp-pekinensis-suppresses-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-inflammatory-response-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#12
Hee Kyoung Joo, Sunga Choi, Yu Ran Lee, Eun Ok Lee, Myoung Soo Park, Yong Pyo Lim, Jong-Tae Park, Byeong Hwa Jeon
Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis, commonly known as Chinese cabbage, is a cruciferous vegetable traditionally consumed in east Asia. Although its habitual consumption could account for the low incidence of chronic vascular inflammation, the therapeutic and protective potential of phytochemicals derived from Chinese cabbage has been poorly studied. In this study, we identified the phenolic compounds, kaempferol and quercetin, from the ethanol extract of Chinese cabbage (EtCC). We show for the first time that EtCC contains effective phytochemicals that suppress tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced inflammatory response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells...
May 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472782/identification-of-deubiquitinase-targets-of-isothiocyanates-using-silac-assisted-quantitative-mass-spectrometry
#13
Ann P Lawson, Daniel W Bak, D Alexander Shannon, Marcus J C Long, Tushara Vijaykumar, Runhan Yu, Farid El Oualid, Eranthie Weerapana, Lizbeth Hedstrom
Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and kale have well documented chemopreventative and anticancer effects that are attributed to the presence of isothiocyanates (ITCs). ITCs modulate the levels of many oncogenic proteins, but the molecular mechanisms of ITC action are not understood. We previously reported that phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) inhibits two deubiquitinases (DUBs), USP9x and UCH37. DUBs regulate many cellular processes and DUB dysregulation is linked to the pathogenesis of human diseases including cancer, neurodegeneration, and inflammation...
April 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471020/kinetic-parameters-for-the-thermal-inactivation-of-peroxidase-and-lipoxygenase-in-precooked-frozen-brassica-species
#14
John Pérez-Calderón, Alicia Califano, María Victoria Santos, Noemí Zaritzky
Thermal inactivation of peroxidase (POD) and lipoxygenase (LOX), both enzymes present in broccoli and Brussels sprouts, is required before freezing, to obtain high-quality precooked frozen vegetables. Rate constants of a 1st-order biphasic model for the heat-labile and heat-resistant POD and LOX isoenzymes were determined at different temperatures (75, 80, and 90 °C) and the corresponding activation energies were estimated using nonlinear regressions. In the case of Brussels sprouts, the activation energies for the resistant and labile fractions were 56...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459610/3-3-diindolylmethane-suppresses-adipogenesis-using-ampk%C3%AE-dependent-mechanism-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-and-caenorhabditis-elegans
#15
Jihye Lee, Yiren Yue, Yeonhwa Park, Seong-Ho Lee
3,3'-diindolylmethane is a major in vivo metabolite of indole-3-carbinol, a bioactive compound found in cruciferous vegetables. Although 3,3'-diindolylmethane has been implicated to possess antitumorigenic and anti-inflammatory properties, the effect of 3,3'-diindolylmethane on adipogenesis has not been explored previously. Thus, the present study was conducted to determine if 3,3'-diindolylmethane affects adipogenesis using 3T3-L1 adipocytes and Caenorhabditis elegans. Treatment of 3,3'-diindolylmethane significantly reduced fat accumulation without affecting viability in 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446545/a-pooled-analysis-of-15-prospective-cohort-studies-on-the-association-between-fruit-vegetable-and-mature-bean-consumption-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#16
Joshua Petimar, Kathryn M Wilson, Kana Wu, Molin Wang, Demetrius Albanes, Piet A van den Brandt, Michael B Cook, Graham G Giles, Edward L Giovannucci, Gary G Goodman, Phyllis J Goodman, Niclas Håkansson, Kathy Helzlsouer, Timothy J Key, Laurence N Kolonel, Linda M Liao, Satu Männistö, Marjorie L McCullough, Roger L Milne, Marian L Neuhouser, Yikyung Park, Elizabeth A Platz, Elio Riboli, Norie Sawada, Jeannette M Schenk, Shoichiro Tsugane, Bas Verhage, Ying Wang, Lynne R Wilkens, Alicja Wolk, Regina G Ziegler, Stephanie A Smith-Warner
BACKGROUND: Relationships between fruit, vegetable, and mature bean consumption and prostate cancer risk are unclear. METHODS: We examined associations between fruit and vegetable groups, specific fruits and vegetables, and mature bean consumption and prostate cancer risk overall, by stage and grade, and for prostate cancer mortality in a pooled analysis of 15 prospective cohorts, including 52,680 total cases and 3,205 prostate cancer deaths among 842,149 men. Diet was measured by a food frequency questionnaire or similar instrument at baseline...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423681/sulforaphane-for-the-chemoprevention-of-bladder-cancer-molecular-mechanism-targeted-approach
#17
REVIEW
Andrew Leone, Gregory Diorio, Wade Sexton, Michael Schell, Mark Alexandrow, Jed W Fahey, Nagi B Kumar
The clinical course for both early and late stage Bladder Cancer (BC) continues to be characterized by significant patient burden due to numerous occurrences and recurrences requiring frequent surveillance strategies, intravesical drug therapies, and even more aggressive treatments in patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease. For these reasons, BC is also the most expensive cancer to treat. Fortunately, BC offers an excellent platform for chemoprevention interventions with potential to optimize the systemic and local exposure of promising agents to the bladder mucosa...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422158/isothiocyanates-induce-ugt1a1-in-humanized-ugt1-mice-in-a-car-dependent-fashion-that-is-highly-dependent-upon-oxidative-stress
#18
Emiko Yoda, Miles Paszek, Camille Konopnicki, Ryoichi Fujiwara, Shujuan Chen, Robert H Tukey
Isothiocyanates, such as phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), are formed following the consumption of cruciferous vegetables and generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) that lead to the induction of cytoprotective genes such as the UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs). The induction of ROS activates the Nrf2-Keap 1 pathway leading to the induction of genes through antioxidant response elements (AREs). UGT1A1, the sole enzyme responsible for the metabolism of bilirubin, can be induced following activation of Nrf2...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401088/leaves-of-raphanus-sativus-l-shows-anti-inflammatory-activity-in-lps-stimulated-macrophages-via-suppression-of-cox-2-and-inos-expression
#19
Hye-Jin Park, Minjung Song
Raphanus sativus L. (RS) is a cruciferous vegetable that is widely consumed in Korea. The anticancer activity of leaves of RS (RSL) extract has been investigated; however, no studies focused on its anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of RSL extract. In brief, RSL powder was fractionated into n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water-soluble fractions. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells were treated with each fraction for initial screening...
March 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394633/cruciferous-vegetables-and-colorectal-cancer-prevention-through-microrna-regulation-a-review
#20
Jeong Hoon Pan, Breann Abernathy, Young Jun Kim, Jin Hyup Lee, Jun Ho Kim, Eui Cheol Shin, Jae Kyeom Kim
Diets rich in fruits and vegetables may lower colorectal cancer risk. In particular, a number of in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that cruciferous vegetables and their active compounds elicit chemopreventive potency through multiple mechanisms. However, it is relatively unexplored whether these vegetables modulate the risk of cancer development through epigenetic mechanisms including noncoding RNAs. Therefore, the objective of the present review is to report and discuss existing evidence with regards to modulation of microRNAs (miRNAs), one variety of noncoding RNAs, by cruciferous vegetables and their chemo-preventive effects against colorectal cancers...
April 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
keyword
keyword
87155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"