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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429666/application-of-nisin-assisted-thermosonication-processing-for-preservation-and-quality-retention-of-fresh-apple-juice
#1
Hongmei Liao, Lifen Jiang, Yuliang Cheng, Xiaojun Liao, Ruirui Zhang
The effects of thermosonication (TS) and 100 ppm nisin-assisted TS (TS + nisin) on the inactivation of naturally occurring microorganisms, retention of nutritional quality and extension of shelf life of fresh apple juice were evaluated, with nisin and mild heat (nisin + MH) treatments as control. Fresh apple juice was addressed by nisin + MH, TS and TS + nisin at 37, 42, 47, and 52 °C for 5-40 min. After processing, microbial growth was evaluated during storage at 8 °C at every 5 days...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387821/evaluation-of-three-cultivars-of-sweet-sorghum-as-feedstocks-for-ethanol-production-in-the-southeast-united-states
#2
Daniel E Ekefre, Ajit K Mahapatra, Mark Latimore, Danielle D Bellmer, Umakanta Jena, Gerald J Whitehead, Archie L Williams
Sweet sorghum has become a promising alternative feedstock for biofuel production because it can be grown under reduced inputs, responds to stress more efficiently than traditional crops, and has large biomass production potential. A three-year field study was conducted to evaluate three cultivars of sweet sorghum as bioenergy crops in the Southeast United States (Fort Valley, Georgia): Dale, M81 E and Theis. Parameters evaluated were: plant density, stalk height, and diameter, number of nodes, biomass yield, juice yield, °Bx, sugar production, and theoretical ethanol yields...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384114/freshly-squeezed-anaphylaxis-caused-by-drone-larvae-juice
#3
J Stoevesandt, A Trautmann
Drone larvae are mostly considered a by-product of beekeeping, but have recently been advo-cated as a high-protein source of food. There are as yet no data concerning their allergenic po-tential. We report on a 29-year old bee keeper who experienced an anaphylactic reaction following the consumption of a freshly prepared beverage from raw drone larvae. Larvae-specific sensitization was confirmed by prick-to-prick and basophil activation testing. Bee stings and classical bee products including honey and royal jelly were tolerated...
November 30, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374411/fast-foods-sweets-and-beverage-consumption-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-jordan
#4
Reema F Tayyem, Hiba A Bawadi, Ihab Shehadah, Kamal E Bani-Hani, Hamed Takruri, Tareq Al-Jaberi, Dennis D Heath
Background: The effects of consuming fast foods, sweets and beverages on the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) are unclear. The aim of this case-control study was to assess possible associations between the consumption of different fast foods, sweets and beverages and CRC risk in a Jordanian population. Methods: Two hundred and twenty diagnosed CRC cases and 281 controls were enrolled. Diet history was obtained using a validated quantitative questionnaire. Results: Consumption of some types of fast food, and particularly falafel, was associated with an increased risk of developing CRC...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357691/micro-and-nano-capsulated-fungal-pectinase-with-outstanding-capabilities-of-eliminating-turbidity-in-freshly-produced-juice
#5
Khaled F Mahmoud, Heba I Abo-Elmagd, Manal M Housseiny
The present study aimed to compare the pectinase forms produced from Trichoderma viride-free, micro-capsule, and nano-capsule-in sodium alginate to analyze the pectin that causes the turbidity of orange juice. This was performed along with an estimation of viscosity, residual of pectin, and turbidity. The extracted and purified enzyme was 24.35-fold better than that of the crude enzyme. After application of free one, it loses most of the activity on low degrees of acidity and remains constant on the temperatures of pasteurization...
January 1, 2018: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286348/plant-based-beverages-as-good-sources-of-free-and-glycosidic-plant-sterols
#6
Anneleen I Decloedt, Anita Van Landschoot, Hellen Watson, Dana Vanderputten, Lynn Vanhaecke
To address the ever-growing group of health-conscious consumers, more and more nutritional and health claims are being used on food products. Nevertheless, only very few food constituents, including plant sterols, have been appointed an approved health claim (European Commission and Food and Drugs Administration). Plant sterols are part of those limited lists of approved compounds for their cholesterol-lowering properties but have been praised for their anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties as well...
December 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238038/fluid-consumption-pattern-and-hydration-among-8-14-years-old-children
#7
Dimitris Bougatsas, Giannis Arnaoutis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Adam D Seal, Evan C Johnson, Jeanne H Bottin, Spiridoula Tsipouridi, Stavros A Kavouras
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Children consume various fluids to meet dietary water intake needs. However, the contribution of different fluid types on hydration is unclear. The purpose of this study was to develop fluid intake patterns and examine their association with hydration, as indicated by 24-h urine osmolality. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Two hundred ten (105 girls) healthy children (height: 1.49 ± 0.13 m, weight: 43.4 ± 12.6 kg, body fat: 25.2 ± 7.8%) recorded their fluid intake for two consecutive days, and collected their urine for 24-h during the 2nd day, while conducting their normal daily activities...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224342/lycosides-unusual-carotenoid-derived-terpenoid-glycosides-from-a-vegetable-juice-inhibit-asexual-reproduction-of-the-plant-pathogen-phytophthora
#8
Rika Iwai, Chunguang Han, Sudhakar V S Govindam, Makoto Ojika
Vegetable juices, typical culture media for the plant pathogen Phytophthora, effectively induce its asexual reproduction (zoosporangia formation). However, some chromatographic fractions from a vegetable juice were found to inhibit the asexual reproduction. Bioassay-guided chromatographic steps led to the isolation of four novel compounds named lycosides A-D, 1-4, that could be metabolic products from a carotenoid. They showed 50% inhibitory activity against the asexual reproduction of P. capsici at 2.1 - 7...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195935/effect-of-in-vitro-simulated-gastrointestinal-digestion-on-polyphenol-and-polysaccharide-content-and-their-biological-activities-among-22-fruit-juices
#9
Minjing He, Jianyuan Zeng, Lu Zhai, Yuguo Liu, Hancheng Wu, Ruifeng Zhang, Zhentao Li, Enqin Xia
Polyphenols and polysaccharides, as natural bioactive compounds from common fresh fruits, are concerned in reducing risk of developing obesity and diabetes for human in recent years. The content of polyphenol and polysaccharide, their bioactivities among 22 fruit juices were investigated before and after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion in present study. After digestion, contents of polyphenol, polysaccharide and their antioxidant activity, the inhibitory activity of α-amylase and α-glucosidase significantly increased...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188037/influence-of-physicochemical-parameters-on-storage-stability-microbiological-quality-of-fresh-unpasteurized-fruit-juices
#10
Phoebe P Kaddumukasa, Samuel M Imathiu, Julius M Mathara, Jesca L Nakavuma
Fresh juices rich in health and nutritional benefits are valued for their fresh flavor, taste, and aroma. These juices' quality however is affected by factors like temperature, light, and microbiological contamination significantly changing physicochemical parameters and storage stability. Physicochemical and microbiological analyses of passion fruit, pineapple, and mango juices in dark and light bottles at 24°C and 4°C were conducted in Kampala, Uganda for 12 days. Physicochemical parameters significantly reduced (p < ...
November 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166540/statistical-optimization-of-an-rp-hplc-method-for-the-determination-of-selected-flavonoids-in-berry-juices-and-evaluation-of-their-antioxidant-activities
#11
Andrija Ciric, Milena Jelikic-Stankov, Milica Cvijovic, Predrag Djurdjevic
An isocratic RP-HPLC method for the separation and identification of selected flavonoids (quercetin, rutin, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, kaempferol, and kaempferol-3-O-glucoside) in commercial berries juices (blackcurrant, blueberry, red raspberry and cherry) was developed with the aid of central composite design and response surface methodology. The optimal separation conditions were a mobile phase of 85:15 (% v/v) water/acetonitrile, pH of 2.8 (adjusted with formic acid), flow rate 0.5 mL/min and column temperature of 35 °C...
November 22, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131970/aloe-barbadensis-miller-versus-silver-sulfadiazine-creams-for-wound-healing-by-secondary-intention-in-dogs-and-cats-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Dario Drudi, Debora Tinto, Davide Ferranti, Federico Fiorelli, Mara Dal Pozzo, Ombretta Capitani
The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the topical application of Aloe barbadensis Miller (juice and fresh gel) to skin wounds, in dogs and cats, with that of topically applied silver sulfadiazine cream. The sample included 16 patients with cutaneous wounds (13 dogs and three cats) that were divided into three groups. Aloe vera "juice" and "fresh gel" were applied for groups I and II, respectively, while silver sulfadiazine was applied for the control group III. In order to evaluate the healing of wounds, the following parameters were taken into consideration: the percentage of wound shrinkage, the healing time and the macroscopic appearance of the scarring process...
October 31, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112279/nutrients-intake-and-serum-calcium-and-phosphorus-levels-an%C3%A2-evidence-based-study
#13
Zahra Jafari Giv, Amir Avan, Farshid Hamidi, Maryam Tayefi, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Ali Javandoost, Mohsen Nematy, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan
INTRODUCTION: Dietary calcium and phosphorus appear to be important determinants of dyslipidemia and hypertension. We have investigated (1) the prevalence of hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia in an Iranian population, and (2) the association between nutrient's intake and serum levels of calcium and phosphorus. METHODS: A total of 908 individuals were enrolled using a stratified-cluster sampling method from the Mashhad stroke and heart atherosclerosis disorder (MASHHAD) study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098640/effect-of-genotype-on-the-sprouting-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-seeds-as-a-source-of-phenolic-compounds-from-juice-industry-by-products
#14
Beatrice Falcinelli, Ombretta Marconi, Stefano Maranghi, Stanley Lutts, Adolfo Rosati, Franco Famiani, Paolo Benincasa
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) fruits are used mainly by the juice industry, for which seeds are a by-product to be disposed of, though they could potentially be a source of bioactive compounds. In this work, germination (total germination percentage, G; mean germination time, MGT; time to reach 80% of germination, TG80; seedling shoot length, fresh weight and dry matter), and nutritional value (total phenolics, TP; total flavonoids, TF; total non-tannins, TNT; antioxidant activities) of pomegranate seeds and sprouts were determined on four commercial pomegranate cultivars (Akko, Dente di Cavallo, Mollar de Elche and Wonderful)...
November 2, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057794/food-and-beverage-availability-in-small-food-stores-located-in-healthy-food-financing-initiative-eligible-communities
#15
Chelsea R Singleton, Yu Li, Ana Clara Duran, Shannon N Zenk, Angela Odoms-Young, Lisa M Powell
Food deserts are a major public health concern. This study aimed to assess food and beverage availability in four underserved communities eligible to receive funding from the Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI). Data analyzed are part of a quasi-experimental study evaluating the impact of the HFFI on the retail food environment in selected Illinois communities. In 2015, 127 small grocery and limited service stores located in the four selected communities were audited. All communities had a large percentage of low-income and African-American residents...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047409/novel-approach-to-gastric-mucosal-defect-repair-using-fresh-amniotic-membrane-allograft-in-dogs-experimental-study
#16
Haithem A Farghali, Naglaa A AbdElKader, Marwa S Khattab, Huda O AbuBakr
BACKGROUND: Gastric mucosal defect could result from several causative factors including the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Helicobacter pylori infection, gastrointestinal and spinal cord diseases, and neoplasia. This study was performed to achieve a novel simple, inexpensive, and effective surgical technique for the repair of gastric mucosal defect. METHODS: Six adult male mongrel dogs were divided into two groups (three dogs each). In the control positive group (C + ve), dogs were subjected to surgical induction of gastric mucosal defect and then treated using traditional medicinal treatment for such a condition...
October 18, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028333/profiling-and-quantification-of-regioisomeric-caffeoyl-glucoses-in-berry-fruits
#17
Maria Alexandra Patras, Nikolai Kuhnert, Rakesh Jaiswal, Gordon J McDougall
Based on a recently developed tandem MS based hierarchical scheme for the identification of regioisomeric caffeoyl glucoses, selected berry fruits were profiled for their caffeoyl glucose ester content. Fresh edible berries profiled included strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, red and black currants, lingonberries, gooseberries, cranberries, juice of elderberries, goji berries, chokeberries, cranberries, açai berries, sea buckthorn berries, Montmorency sour cherries, and pomegranate were investigated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991802/cactus-opuntia-as-natural-flocculant-for-urban-wastewater-treatment
#18
Raouen Rachdi, Feyda Srarfi, Najet Slim Shimi
The cactus tree, species Opuntia ficus-indica, is a primary material of many products in various domains such as cosmetics, medicine and nutrition. In the present work, we assess its potential as a flocculant. We tried a technique which adopts three sequential treatments that used coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation processes under certain operating conditions. For this purpose, we used the aluminum sulfate (AS) as coagulant and fresh cladodes juice (FCJ) as bioflocculant. All tests were carried out on high turbid urban wastewater collected from the Metlaoui's Wastewater Treatment Plant (MWTP) (in Gafsa in southwest Tunisia)...
October 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968208/efficacy-and-stability-studies-of-microbial-folate-fortified-fruit-juices-prepared-using-probiotic-microorganism
#19
S Deep, S Ojha, S Kundu
Folate, natural form of water soluble vitamin folic acid, is significant for humans as involved in most important metabolic reactions i.e. nucleotide synthesis and amino acid inter conversions. Thus its deficiency causes neural tube defects in newborns and cardiovascular diseases, and cancers. Humans cannot synthesize folate de novo so consumption through diet is essential. Natural food sources, supplements and fortified food products are the choices available to complete the Daily recommended intake. However microbial fortification using probiotics recently gained wide attention due to dual advantage of natural food matrix with enhanced folate content along with the probiotics benefits...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965518/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antioxidant-potential-of-milks-yoghurts-fermented-milks-and-cheeses-a-narrative-review-of-evidence
#20
Anthony Fardet, Edmond Rock
The antioxidant potential (AP) is an important nutritional property of foods, as increased oxidative stress is involved in most diet-related chronic diseases. In dairy products, the protein fraction contains antioxidant activity, especially casein. Other antioxidants include: antioxidant enzymes; lactoferrin; conjugated linoleic acid; coenzyme Q10; vitamins C, E, A and D3; equol; uric acid; carotenoids; and mineral activators of antioxidant enzymes. The AP of dairy products has been extensively studied in vitro, with few studies in animals and human subjects...
October 2, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
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