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Hilar cholangiocarcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141394/proximal-resection-margins-more-prognostic-than-distal-resection-margins-in-patients-undergoing-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-resection
#1
Tae Yoo, Sang-Jae Park, Sung-Sik Han, Seong Hoon Kim, Seung Duk Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Soon-Ae Lee, Sang Myung Woo, Woo Jin Lee, Eun Kyung Hong
Purpose: Even though the therapeutic gold standard of hilar cholangiocarcinoma(HCCA) resection is cancer-free resection margin(RM), surgical treatment still remains challenging. This study evaluated the prognostic significance of RM status in resected HCCA patients and identified survival prognostic factors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed records of 96 HCCA patients who underwent surgery from 2001 to 2012 and analyzed the RM status and prognostic factors that affecting survival...
November 16, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131251/ischemic-stroke-and-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-revealing-infective-endocarditis
#2
G-R Joliat, N Halkic, O Pantet, N Ben-Hamouda
In this clinical scenario, we report the case of a patient who presented multiple embolic complications due to mitral infective endocarditis (IE). A 68-year-old woman had extended right hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Unfortunately, she had multiple postoperative complications and had to be transferred to the Intensive Care Unit. During this stay, we have diagnosed an Enterococcus faecium IE after the occurrence of multiple embolic complications (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, digital emboli, splenic emboli, and renal emboli)...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118686/hepatectomy-for-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-right-sided-ligamentum-teres-using-a-hepatectomy-simulation-system
#3
Seikan Hai, Etsuro Hatano, Tadamichi Hirano, Yasukane Asano, Kazuhiro Suzumura, Hideaki Sueoka, Jiro Fujimoto
Right-sided ligamentum teres (RSLT) is a rare congenital anomaly often accompanied by variation of the hepatic vasculature. We herein report a surgical case of a hilar cholangiocarcinoma with RSLT in whom preoperative hepatectomy simulation proved useful for understanding the anatomical structure of the liver. A 78-year-old male with obstructive jaundice was referred to our department for further examination. The patient was suspected of having a hilar cholangiocarcinoma originating from the left hepatic bile duct by contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT), and CT also showed right umbilical portion (RUP)...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067965/puzzle-and-challenge-in-differentiating-immunoglobulin-g4-related-cholangitis-from-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#4
Hai-Jie Hu, Rong-Xing Zhou, Anuj Shrestha, Yong Zhou, Fu-Yu Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064885/transplantation-versus-resection-for-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-an-argument-for-shifting-treatment-paradigms-for-resectable-disease
#5
Cecilia G Ethun, Alexandra G Lopez-Aguiar, Douglas J Anderson, Andrew B Adams, Ryan C Fields, Maria B Doyle, William C Chapman, Bradley A Krasnick, Sharon M Weber, Joshua D Mezrich, Ahmed Salem, Timothy M Pawlik, George Poultsides, Thuy B Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Robert C G Martin, Charles R Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, Kenneth Cardona, Shishir K Maithel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of type of surgery (transplant vs resection) on overall survival (OS) in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (H-CCA). BACKGROUND: Outcomes after resection for H-CCA are poor, yet transplantation is currently only reserved for well-selected patients with unresectable disease. METHODS: All patients with H-CCA who underwent resection from 2000 to 2015 at 10 institutions were included. Three institutions additionally had active H-CCA transplant protocols with similar selection criteria over similar time periods...
October 23, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063849/prognostic-factors-and-patterns-of-locoregional-failure-after-surgical-resection-in-patients-with-cholangiocarcinoma-without-adjuvant-radiation-therapy-optimal-field-design-for-adjuvant-radiation-therapy
#6
Zahra Ghiassi-Nejad, Paola Tarchi, Erin Moshier, Meng Ru, Parissa Tabrizian, Myron Schwartz, Michael Buckstein
PURPOSE: To identify prognostic factors and patterns of local failure in patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), after surgical resection in the absence of adjuvant radiation, for optimal definition of target volumes encompassing the majority of local recurrences. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A chart review was performed in patients who underwent resection for primary CCA (intrahepatic, hilar, and distal) between 1999 and 2014. Local failure was defined as recurrence in a theoretical reasonable postoperative radiation volume...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061828/effect-of-adjuvant-gemcitabine-combined-with-low-dose-5-fluorouracil-and-cisplatin-chemotherapy-for-advanced-biliary-carcinoma
#7
Yuji Morine, Mitsuo Shimada, Tetsuya Ikemoto, Yusuke Arakawa, Shuichi Iwahashi, Y U Saito, Shinichiro Yamada, Satoru Imura
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to clarify the effectiveness of chemotherapy with gemcitabine combined with low-dose 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (GFP) for advanced biliary carcinoma after hepatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients had biliary carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, intrahepatic metastasis or positive surgical margins, including intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC, n=25), hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC, n=14), and gallbladder cancer (GBC, n=23)...
November 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039079/a-long-term-survivor-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-resection-of-recurrent-peritoneal-dissemination-after-r0-surgery-a-case-report
#8
Tatsunori Miyata, Hirohisa Okabe, Akira Chikamoto, Takanobu Yamao, Naoki Umezaki, Masayo Tsukamoto, Yuki Kitano, Kota Arima, Shigeki Nakagawa, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Although hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) has a very poor prognosis, there are cases in which long-term survival is rarely obtained by multidisciplinary treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old man diagnosed with HCCA was referred to our hospital. We performed an extended left hemi-hepatectomy and caudate lobectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection. The tumor stage was T2aN0M0, stage II, based on the TNM classification, seventh edition. R0 resection was successfully performed...
October 16, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033254/nodal-areas-of-potential-geographic-error-in-adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-biliary-tract-cancer
#9
Joanna Socha, Maciej Michalak, Grzegorz Wołąkiewicz, Lucyna Kepka
PURPOSE: To determine the areas of potential geographic error in adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for biliary-tract cancer (BTC) by comparing pathological-surgical data on the pattern of nodal spread with the extent of elective nodal CTV used in published RT studies in this setting. MATERIAL/METHODS: A literature search was performed to select articles on: 1/adjuvant RT for BTC, that provided information on the lymph node stations (LNS) included in the CTV; 2/the pathological-surgical data on the patterns of nodal involvement/recurrence in BTC...
October 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024405/current-status-of-liver-transplantation-for-cholangiocarcinoma
#10
REVIEW
Nicolás Goldaracena, Andre Gorgen, Gonzalo Sapisochin
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common liver cancer and it is associated with a poor prognosis. CCA can be divided into intrahepatic, hilar and distal. Despite the subtype, the median survival is 12-24 months without treatment. Liver transplantation (LT) is worldwide recognized as a curative option for hepatocellular carcinoma. On the other hand, the initial results for LT for CCA were very poor mainly due to a lack of adequate patient selection. In the last two decades, improvement has been made in the management of unresectable hilar CCA, and the results of LT after neoadjuvant chemoradiation have been shown to be promising...
October 11, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018577/palliative-treatment-with-radiation-emitting-metallic-stents-in-unresectable-bismuth-type-iii-or-iv-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#11
Jian Lu, Jin-He Guo, Hai-Dong Zhu, Guang-Yu Zhu, Yong Wang, Qi Zhang, Li Chen, Chao Wang, Tian-Fan Pan, Gao-Jun Teng
BACKGROUND: The emerging data for stenting in combination with brachytherapy in unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma are encouraging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiation-emitting metallic stents (REMS) for unresectable Bismuth type III or IV hilar cholangiocarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous placement with REMS or uncovered self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) for unresectable Bismuth type III or IV hilar cholangiocarcinoma between September 2011 and April 2016 were identified into this retrospective study...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982905/immunohistochemical-comparison-of-malignancy-between-radial-invasion-and-mucosal-extension-in-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kenichi Yoshida, Ryusei Matsuyama, Ryutaro Mori, Takafumi Kumamoto, Kenichi Matsuo, Kazuhisa Takeda, Mitsutaka Sugita, Yoshiro Fujii, Kuniya Tanaka, Hiroshi Shimada, Itaru Endo
AIM: To compare the cells of mucosal extension (ME) and radial invasion (RI) in hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) for optimal resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients underwent surgery for HCCA between 1992 and 2004. Immunohistochemical expressions of p53, Ki-67, matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP7), mucin 1 (MUC1), and E-cadherin were assessed at five different sites of the tumour and compared between the recurrence and non-recurrence groups. RESULTS: Expression of E-cadherin was significantly lower in RI cells than in ME cells, and that of MMP7 and MUC1 was significantly higher in RI cells than in ME cells...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952140/identification-of-patients-for-adjuvant-therapy-after-resection-of-carcinoma-of-the-extrahepatic-bile-ducts-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#13
Brett L Ecker, Charles C Vining, Robert E Roses, Laura Maggino, Major K Lee, Jeffrey A Drebin, Douglas L Fraker, Charles M Vollmer, Jashodeep Datta
BACKGROUND: Resectability rates for extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma have increased over time, but long-term survival after resection alone with curative intent remains poor. Recent series suggest improved survival with adjuvant therapy. Patient subsets benefiting most from adjuvant therapy have not been clearly defined. METHODS: Patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who underwent resection with curative intent and received adjuvant therapy (chemotherapy ± radiotherapy) or surgery alone (SA) were identified in the U...
September 26, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919993/tumor-necrosis-and-infiltrating-macrophages-predict-survival-after-curative-resection-for-cholangiocarcinoma
#14
Georgi Atanasov, Corinna Dietel, Linda Feldbrügge, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien, Andreas Brandl, Elli Mann, Julianna Paulina Englisch, Katrin Schierle, Simon C Robson, Katrin Splith, Mehmet Haluk Morgul, Anja Reutzel-Selke, Sven Jonas, Andreas Pascher, Marcus Bahra, Johann Pratschke, Moritz Schmelzle
Background. Tumor necrosis as well as tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the tumor invasive front (TIF) have been suggested to have a prognostic value in selected solid tumors, inclusive hilar cholangiocarcinoma. However, little is known regarding their influence on tumor progression and prognosis in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCC). Methods. We analyzed surgically resected tumor specimens of human iCC (n = 88) for distribution and localization of TAMs, as defined by expression of CD68, formation of necrosis and extent of peritumoral fibrosis...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912249/preoperative-staging-of-cholangiocarcinoma-and-biliary-carcinoma-using-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-a-meta-analysis
#15
Jing-Hong Hu, Jui-Hsiang Tang, Cheng-Hui Lin, Yin-Yi Chu, Nai-Jen Liu
This meta-analysis was performed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) in assessing primary cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and CCA with lymph node and distant metastasis. A literature search for studies reporting the use of 18F-FDG-PET for preoperative work-up/staging in patients with CCA was performed. Diagnostic OR (DOR) was used as an index of diagnostic performance of FDG-PET/CT in predicting primary CCA, lymph node metastases, and distant metastases...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906410/augmented-reality-navigation-in-open-surgery-for-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-resection-with-hemihepatectomy-using-video-based-in-situ-three-dimensional-anatomical-modeling-a-case-report
#16
Rui Tang, Longfei Ma, Canhong Xiang, Xuedong Wang, Ang Li, Hongen Liao, Jiahong Dong
RATIONALE: Patients who undergo hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCAC) resection with concomitant hepatectomy have a high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality due to surgical trauma to the hepatic and biliary vasculature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old Chinese man with yellowing skin and sclera, abdominal distension, pruritus, and anorexia for approximately 3 weeks. DIAGNOSES: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed a mass over the biliary tree at the porta hepatis, which diagnosed to be s a hilar cholangiocarcinoma...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905105/diagnostic-and-prognostic-role-of-18-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-management-of-resectable-biliary-tract-cancer
#17
Ka Wing Ma, Tan To Cheung, Wong Hoi She, Kenneth Siu Ho Chok, Albert Chi Yan Chan, Wing Chiu Dai, Wan Hang Chiu, Chung Mau Lo
OBJECTIVES: Role of 18-FDG PET/CT had been well established in other more prevalent malignancies such as colorectal and lung cancer; however, this is not as well defined in cholangiocarcinoma. Literature focusing on the prognostic values of preoperative PET/CT for resectable cholangiocarcinoma is scarce. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort of 66 consecutive patients who had received curative resection for cholangiocarcinoma from 2010 to 2015. All patients had preoperative 18-FDG PET/CT performed...
September 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900442/impact-of-preoperative-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-cholangiography-on-postoperative-resection-margin-status-in-patients-operated-due-to-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#18
A Andert, P Bruners, C Heidenhain, F Ulmer, C D Klink, P H Alizai, C Kuhl, U P Neumann, M Binnebösel
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyse the value of 3-dimensional computed tomography cholangiography (3D-ERC) compared to conventional retrograde cholangiography in the preoperative diagnosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) with special regard to the resection margin status (R0/R1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All hepatic resections performed between January 2011 and November 2013 in patients with HC at the Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery of the RWTH Aachen University Hospital were analysed...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875398/total-hilar-en-bloc-resection-with-left-hemihepatectomy-and-caudate-lobectomy-a-novel-approach-for-treatment-of-left-sided-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-with-video
#19
Cai De Lu, Jing Huang, Sheng Dong Wu, Yong Fei Hua, Ammar A Javed, Jiong Zhe Fang, Chun Nian Wang, Sheng Ye
BACKGROUND: "Hilar en bloc resection" using a no-touch technique has been advocated as a standard procedure in right-sided hepatectomies for treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). In principle, it has never been reported for left-sided tumors. The aim is to describe the procedures of total hilar en bloc resection with left hemihepatectomy and caudate lobectomy (THER-LH) for advanced PHC and discuss feasibility and clinical significance of this novel technique. METHODS: A retrospective study using a prospectively maintained database was performed to identify eight patients who had received THER-LH for advanced PHC from January 2013 to December 2015...
November 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855998/surgery-is-the-preferred-treatment-for-bile-duct-hamartomas
#20
Xiao-Yu Yang, Hai-Bo Zhang, Bin Wu, Ai-Jun Li, Xiao-Hui Fu
Bile duct hamartoma (BDH) is a rare liver disease with a rising incidence in recent years. A retrospective study on BDH patients between June 2007 and December 2015 was conducted. All the medical records, including clinical, imaging and pathological characteristics, were retrieved. Follow-up data were obtained by telephone communication. The majority of the patients had no symptoms and the laboratory tests were normal. The appearance on ultrasound examination was variable. The lesion exhibited low density on plain computed tomography and no enhancement in 4 cases, and inhomogeneous enhancement in 1 case...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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