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Counter current chromatography

Tao Chen, Ping Wang, Nana Wang, Chongyang Sun, Xue Yang, Hongmei Li, Guoying Zhou, Yulin Li
The separation of polar compounds by high-speed counter-current chromatography is still regarded as a challenge. In this study, an efficient strategy for the separation of three polar compounds from Rheum tanguticum has been successfully conducted by using high-speed counter-current chromatography. X-5 macroporous resin chromatography was used for the fast enrichment of the target compounds. Then, the target fraction was directly introduced into high-speed counter-current chromatography for separation using ethyl acetate/glacial acetic acid/water (100:1:100, v/v) as the solvent system...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Jia Xiong, Mary H Grace, Debora Esposito, Slavko Komarnytsky, Fei Wang, Mary Ann Lila
The present study was designed to characterize the polyphenols isolated from Acacia mearnsii bark crude extract (B) and fractions (B1-B7) obtained by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) and evaluate their anti-inflammatory and carbolytic enzymes (α-glucosidase and α-amylase) inhibitory activities. Fractions B4, B5, B6, B7 (total phenolics 850.3, 983.0, 843.9, and 572.5 mg·g-1, respectively; proanthocyanidins 75.7, 90.5, 95.0, and 44.8 mg·g-1, respectively) showed significant activities against reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) production, and expression of pro-inflammatory genes interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264...
November 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Yanyan Wang, Lihong Zhang, Xiuyun Guo, Shihua Wu
Ionic liquids have been widely used for the extraction and separation of bioactive natural and synthetic mixtures. In this study, we provided an updated example by using an ionic liquid-based salting-in counter-current chromatography (CCC) strategy for the separation of hydrophobic tanshinones without subsequent column chromatography purification. Several ionic liquids such as 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([AMIM]Cl), 1-methallyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([MAMIM]Cl) and 1-butyl-3-ethylimidazolium chloride [BMIM]Cl could significantly decrease the partition coefficients (K) of tanshinones in the selected two-phase solvent composed of hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-ionic liquid aqueous solution (5:5:6:4, v/v)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Denglang Zou, Xuelin Zhu, Fan Zhang, Yurong Du, Jianbin Ma, Renwang Jiang
This study presents an efficient strategy based on liquid-liquid extraction with three-phase solvent system and high speed counter-current chromatography for rapid enrichment and separation of epimers of minor bufadienolide from toad meat. The reflux extraction conditions were optimized by response surface methodology firstly and a novel three-phase solvent system composed of n-hexane/methyl acetate/acetonitrile/water (3:6:5:5, v/v) was developed for liquid-liquid extraction of the crude extract. This integrative extraction process could enrich minor bufadienolide from complex matrix efficiently and minimize the loss of minor targets induced by repeated extraction with different kinds of organic solvent occurred in the classical liquid two-phase extraction...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Dan Wang, Yan Mu, Hongjing Dong, Huijiao Yan, Cui Hao, Xiao Wang, Lisi Zhang
Diaphragma juglandis fructus contains various bioactive constituents. Fourteen compounds were isolated from Diaphragma juglandis fructus by preparative high performance liquid chromatography (pre-HPLC) and high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC). Their structures were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Compounds (+)-dehydrovomifoliol (12), (6R,9R)-9-hydroxymegastigman-4-en-3-one (13) and (6R,9S)-9-hydroxymegastigman-4-en-3-one (14) are found from Juglans regia L...
December 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hui Zou, Yan Ma, Zhenzhen Xu, Xiaojun Liao, Ailiang Chen, Shuming Yang
Three anthocyanins were isolated from strawberry extract by high-speed counter-current chromatography, using a biphasic mixture of tert-butyl methyl ether, n-butanol, acetonitrile, water and trifluoroacetic acid (2.5:2.0:2.5:5.0:1.0%). The anthocyanins were identified as pelargonidin-3-rutinoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside and pelargonidin-3-glucoside with purity of 95.6%, 96.2% and 99.3% respectively. Additionally, the copigmentation reaction rates between pelargonidin-3-glucoside and phenolic acids (catechin or epicatechin) at pH 1...
May 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Aneta Spórna-Kucab, Angelika Milo, Agnieszka Kumorkiewicz, Sławomir Wybraniec
Betacyanins, natural plant pigments exhibiting antioxidant and chemopreventive properties, were extracted from Celosia spicata (Thouars) Spreng. inflorescences and separated by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) in two polar solvent systems composed of: TBME - 1-BuOH - ACN - H2O (0.7% HFBA, 2:2:1:5, v/v/v/v) (system I) and EtOH - ACN - 1-PrOH - (NH4)2SO4satd.soln - H2O (0.5:0.5:0.5:1.2:1, v/v/v/v/v) (system II). The systems were used in the head-to-tail (system I) and tail-to-head (system II) mode...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Chao Han, Wenli Wang, Guimin Xue, Dingqiao Xu, Tianyu Zhu, Shanshan Wang, Pei Cai, Jianguang Luo, Lingyi Kong
Cu(II) ion was selected as an additive to improve the enantioseparation efficiency of three dihydroflavone enantiomers in high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC), using hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CyD) as the chiral selector. The influences of important parameters, including the metal ion, the concentrations of HP-β-CyD and the Cu(II) ion, and the sample size were investigated. Under optimal conditions, three dihydroflavone enantiomers, including (±)-hesperetin, (±)-naringenin, and (±)-farrerol, were successfully enantioseparated...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Nuan Yi Liang, Pengfei Cai, Datong Wu, Yuanjiang Pan, Jonathan M Curtis, Michael G Gänzle
Hydroxy unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) can function as antifungal agents. To investigate the antifungal spectrum, i.e. the scope of in vitro fungal inhibition activities of HUFA and their potential applications, three HUFA were produced by microbial transformation or extracted from plant seed oils; compounds included coriolic acid (13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid) from Coriaria seed oil, 10-hydroxy-12-octadecenoic acid from cultures of Lactobacillus hammesii and 13-hydroxy-9-octadecenoic acid from cultures of Lactobacillus plantarum TMW1...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yang Xu, Dongwen Hu, Yuting Li, Chongde Sun, Wei Chen
Accumulating evidence indicates that consumption of berries may exert beneficial effects against oxidative stress mediated diseases. Pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside (Pg3G), a bioactive ingredient in strawberry, has been reported to possess a potent antioxidant capacity. This study was therefore designed to develop an effective method to prepare pure Pg3G from strawberry and investigate its protective effect against H2O2-induced oxidative stress. According to our results, Pg3G occupied 85.55% of total anthocyanin content in strawberry...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Xin-Yi Huang, Dong Pei, Jian-Fei Liu, Duo-Long Di
Chiral separation has been a remarkably active area of research over the past long time and it still stays that way. Over the last few decades, counter-current chromatography (CCC) was successfully applied to the field of chiral separation. It provides an attractive approach to obtain pure enantiomer, particularly in preparative application because of its unique advantages of high load capacity, low solvent consumption and easy scale-up. The last several years great strides have been made in chiral separation by CCC, ranging from novel elution modes such as recycling elution mode and multiple dual mode elution to more specialized approaches such as pH-zone-refining and biphasic chiral recognition technologies...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Jiaojiao Jiang, Hongjing Dong, Tao Wang, Ruixuan Zhao, Yan Mu, Yanling Geng, Zhenjia Zheng, Xiao Wang
Ten compounds, including three lignan glycosides and seven lignans, were purified from Justicia procumbens L. in 8 h using an efficient strategy based on high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC). The two-phase solvent system composed of petroleum-ethyl acetate-methanol-H₂O (1:0.7:1:0.7, v/v) was firstly employed to separate the crude extract (320 mg), from which 19.3 mg of justicidin B (f), 10.8 mg of justicidin A (g), 13.9 mg of 6'-hydroxyjusticidin C (h), 7.7 mg of justicidin E (i), 6.3 mg of lignan J₁ (j) were obtained with 91...
November 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bao Chen, Zhengbo Liu, Yuwei Zhang, Wei Li, Yanjun Sun, Yufang Wang, Yanhua Wang, Yinshi Sun
Three polyacetylenes were isolated and purified from Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC for the first time by high-speed counter-current chromatography using a two-phase solvent system composed of hexane/ethyl acetate/methanol/water (1:31:1:31, v/v/v/v) and high-performance liquid chromatography with an Agilent ZORBAX(®) SB-C18 column (4.6 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm). After separation by high-speed counter-current chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography, we obtained 3.5 mg of platetyolin A, 4.1 mg of platetyolin B, and 18...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Bao Chen, Yinghua Peng, Xinhui Wang, Zhiman Li, Yinshi Sun
Secoiridoid and iridoid glycosides are the main active components of Gentianaeradix. In this work, one iridoid and three secoiridoid glycosides from Gentianaeradix have been purified by high-speed counter-current chromatography in two runs using different solvent systems. Ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (2:1:3, v/v/v) was the optimum solvent system to purify ca. 4.36 mg of loganic acid, 3.05 mg of swertiamarin, and 35.66 mg of gentiopicroside with 98.1%, 97.2% and 98.6% purities, respectively, while 31.15 mg of trifloroside with 98...
November 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jinming Peng, Kaikai Li, Wei Zhu, Xiangyi Deng, Chunmei Li
An efficient method was established by high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) for preparation of four phenolic compounds from the depolymerization products of persimmon tannin. Using the two solvent systems of n-hexane/ethyl acetate/water (3:17:20, v/v/v) and ethyl acetate/methanol/water (50:1:50, v/v/v), the preparative isolation was successfully performed by a two-step separation. The yields of one run (150mg crude sample) for gallic acid, methyl gallate, and epigallocatechin-3-gallate-(4β→8, 2β→O→7)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate dimer (A-type EGCG dimer) were 4...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Rebecca A Chmielowski, Linda Mathiasson, Hans Blom, Daniel Go, Hanno Ehring, Heera Khan, Hong Li, Collette Cutler, Karol Lacki, Nihal Tugcu, David Roush
Advances in cell culture technology have enabled the production of antibody titers upwards of 30g/L. These highly productive cell culture systems can potentially lead to productivity bottlenecks in downstream purification due to lower column loadings, especially in the primary capture chromatography step. Alternative chromatography solutions to help remedy this bottleneck include the utilization of continuous processing systems such as periodic counter-current chromatography (PCC). Recent studies have provided methods to optimize and improve the design of PCC for cell culture titers up to about 3g/L...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Ying-Qi Zhang, Shan-Shan Wang, Chao Han, Jin-Fang Xu, Jian-Guang Luo, Ling-Yi Kong
A novel isolation strategy, on-line hyphenation of ultrasonic extraction, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography combined with high-speed counter-current chromatography, was developed for pure compounds extraction and purification. Andrographolide from Andrographis paniculata was achieved only in a single step purification protocol via the present strategy. The crude powder was ultrasonic extracted and extraction was pumped into Sephadex LH-20 column directly to cut the non-target fractions followed by the second dimensional high-speed counter-current chromatography, hyphenated by a six-port valve equipped at the post-end of Sephadex LH-20 column, for the final purification...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Yin Cen, Aiping Xiao, Xiaoqing Chen, Liangliang Liu
A screening method using α-amylase-functionalized magnetic graphene oxide combined with high-speed counter-current chromatography was proposed and utilized to screen and separate α-amylase inhibitors from extract of Solanum nigrum. The α-amylase-functionalized magnetic graphene oxide was characterized and found to demonstrate satisfactory structure, magnetic response (24.5 emu/g) and reusability (retained 90% of initial activity after five cycles). The conditions for the screening with α-amylase functionalized magnetic graphene oxide were optimized and set at pH 7...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Lei Wu, Wei Xiong, Ju-Wu Hu, Zhen Gu, Jian-Guo Xu, Chuan-Ling Si, Young-Soo Bae, Gang Xu
High-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) combined with macroporous resin (MR) column was successfully applied to the isolation and purification of four flavonoid glycosides from the medicinal herb Lotus plumule (LP). A polar two-phase solvent system composed of ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (1:2:3, v/v/v) was selected by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and run on a preparative scale where the lower aqueous phase was used as the mobile phase with a head-to-tail elution mode. Quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15 mg), isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (13 mg), apigenin 6-C-β-D-glucopyranosyl-8-C-α-L-arabinopyranoside (18 mg) and apigenin 6,8-di-C-β-D-glucopyranoside (48 mg) were obtained in a one-step HSCCC separation from 240 mg of the sample...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Mao-Xun Yang, Yao-Guang Liang, He-Ru Chen, Yong-Fang Huang, Hai-Guang Gong, Tian-You Zhang, Yoichiro Ito
Four flavonoids including apigenin-7,4'-dimethylether, genkwanin, quercetin, and kaempferol were isolated in a preparative or semi-preparative scale from the leaves of wild Aquilaria sinensis using an improved preparative high-speed counter-current chromatography apparatus. The separations were performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of hexane-ethyl acetate, methanol-water at suitable volume ratios. The obtained fractions were analyzed by HPLC, and the identification of each target compound was carried out by ESI-MS and NMR...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
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