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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792287/the-association-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptoms-with-frequent-attendance-to-health-care-services-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#1
Tero S Kujanpää, Jari Jokelainen, Juha P Auvinen, Markku J Timonen
Objective Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with higher rate of physical comorbities, unexplained symptoms, and health care utilization. However, the role of somatic symptoms in determining health care utilization is unclear. The present study aims to assess the association of frequent attendance of health care services between generalized anxiety disorder symptoms and somatic symptoms. Method This study was conducted cross-sectionally using the material of the 46-year follow-up survey of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710709/psychological-factors-associated-with-painful-versus-non-painful-hiv-associated-sensory-neuropathy
#2
Prinisha Pillay, Antonia L Wadley, Catherine L Cherry, Alan S Karstaedt, Peter R Kamerman
HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is a common, and frequently painful complication of HIV, but factors that determine the presence of pain are unresolved. We investigated: (i) if psychological factors associated with painful (n = 125) versus non-painful HIV-SN (n = 72), and (ii) if pain and psychological factors affected quality of life (QoL). We assessed anxiety and depression using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25. Pain catastrophizing and QoL were assessed using the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and Euroqol-5D, respectively...
July 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669312/psychological-distress-among-norwegian-adolescents-changes-between-2001-and-2009-and-associations-with-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-screen-based-sedentary-behaviour
#3
Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Miranda Thurston, Ingeborg Hartz, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim of this work was to examine psychological distress among Norwegian adolescents in relation to changes over time and the associations with leisure time physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on data retrieved from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys in 2001 and 2009 in Hedmark County. Adolescents aged 15-16 years old completed a questionnaire regarding physical activity, sedentary behaviour, psychological distress and other health and lifestyle variables...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667469/reliability-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-population-based-study-of-persons-living-with-hiv-in-rural-uganda
#4
Scholastic Ashaba, Bernard Kakuhikire, Dagmar Vořechovská, Jessica M Perkins, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Samuel Maling, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid among people living with HIV (PLHIV), but few instruments for screening or measurement have been validated for use in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the 25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL) in a population-based sample of PLHIV in rural Uganda. This study was nested within an ongoing population-based cohort of all residents living in Nyakabare Parish, Mbarara District, Uganda. All participants who identified as HIV-positive by self-report were included in this analysis...
June 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637731/the-impact-of-the-asylum-process-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-norway
#5
Marianne Jakobsen, Melinda Ashley Meyer DeMott, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors prospectively during the asylum-seeking process, with a focus on specific stages in the asylum process, such as age assessment, placement in a supportive or non-supportive facility and final decision on the asylum applications. DESIGN: This was a2½ year follow-up study of unaccompanied minors (UM) seeking asylum in Norway. Data were collected within three weeks (n=138) and at 4 months (n=101), 15 months (n=84) and 26 months (n=69) after arrival...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634661/depression-and-art-initiation-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-kenya-and-uganda
#6
Jennifer Velloza, Connie Celum, Jessica E Haberer, Kenneth Ngure, Elizabeth Irungu, Nelly Mugo, Jared M Baeten, Renee Heffron
Depression is a known barrier for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, but less is understood about its effects on ART initiation. We followed 1013 HIV-infected individuals participating in the Partners Demonstration Project, an open-label study of integrated pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and ART delivery for HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda. Associations between depression, measured annually with the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-Depression (HSCL-D), and ART initiation were assessed with Cox proportional hazards regression...
August 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551459/child-physical-abuse-high-school-students-mental-health-and-parental-relations-depending-on-who-perpetrated-the-abuse
#7
D Nilsson, E Nordås, G Pribe, C G Svedin
The aim of this study was to contribute to the research of child physical abuse (CPA) by examining if there were any differences in high school students' mental health (in this study symptoms of depression and anxiety, self-esteem and sense of coherence) and/or, in how they perceive their parents, depending on whether or not they had been subjected to CPA during childhood. In addition, if high school students reported different mental health and/or, relationships with their parents, depending on if their mother, father or both parents were the perpetrators of CPA...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451070/like-a-bridge-over-troubled-water-a-longitudinal-study-of-general-social-support-colleague-support-and-leader-support-as-recovery-factors-after-a-traumatic-event
#8
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
Background: Whereas the association between social support and psychological distress has been well-established through both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, less is known about whether social support influences rate of change in psychological distress over time. Nor is it clear whether social support predicts baseline psychological distress, or, more importantly, whether social support may contribute to more rapid recovery following trauma exposure. Objective: This study aimed to determine the extent to which social support contributed to the recovery process among individuals with psychological distress after being exposed to trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450885/measurement-invariance-of-the-hopkins-symptoms-checklist-a-novel-multigroup-alignment-analytic-approach-to-a-large-epidemiological-sample-across-eight-conflict-affected-districts-from-a-nation-wide-survey-in-sri-lanka
#9
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: The alignment method, a novel psychometric approach, represents a more flexible procedure for establishing measurement invariance in geographically, ethnically, or linguistically diverse samples, especially in large epidemiological surveys. Although the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25) has been used extensively in the field to assess anxiety and depressive symptoms, questions remain about the comparability of findings when the instrument is applied across regions in large-scale national surveys...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441041/the-child-network-for-parents-to-track-their-child-s-mood-and-behavior
#10
Robert M Post, Michael Rowe, Dana Kaplan, Robert Findling
INTRODUCTION: A wide range of psychiatric disorders are common in young children, especially in those at high risk because of a parent with a unipolar or bipolar mood disorder in the United States. Yet in part because most children are seen in primary care, these illnesses are often not recognized or treated in a timely fashion. To begin to address this problem, we started the Child Network. METHODS: The Child Network is for parents of children age 2-12 with mood or behavioral symptoms or at high risk for them...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381118/the-factor-structure-of-the-hopkins-symptoms-checklist-hscl-25-in-a-student-population-a-cautionary-tale
#11
Jens C Skogen, Simon Øverland, Otto R F Smith, Leif E Aarø
AIMS: The Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25) is a widely used self-report measurement for mental health problems, but its factor structure is still uncertain, with divergent results in different social or cultural settings. We aimed to investigate the previously suggested factor structures of the HSCL-25, as well as a model including an explicit somatic factor among students in Norway. METHODS: The study population is based on data from the Norwegian study of students' health and wellbeing, SHoT ('Studentenes Helse- og Trivselsundersøkelse'), and the present study comprises N = 13,525 participants...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340609/a-systematic-review-of-screening-instruments-for-depression-for-use-in-antenatal-services-in-low-resource-settings
#12
REVIEW
Genesis Chorwe-Sungani, Jennifer Chipps
BACKGROUND: In low resource settings, short, valid and reliable instruments with good high sensitivity and specificity are essential for the screening of depression in antenatal care. A review of published evidence on screening instruments for depression for use in antenatal services in low resource settings was conducted. The aim of this review was to appraise the best available evidence on screening instruments suitable for detecting depression in antenatal care in low resource settings...
March 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323926/psychological-distress-is-more-prevalent-in-fertile-age-and-premenopausal-women-with-pcos-symptoms-15-year-follow-up
#13
Salla Karjula, Laure Morin-Papunen, Juha Auvinen, Aimo Ruokonen, Katri Puukka, Stephen Franks, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Juha S Tapanainen, Jari Jokelainen, Jouko Miettunen, Terhi T Piltonen
Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with increased psychological distress, obesity and hyperandrogenism being suggested as key promoters. Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety/depression and their coexistence in women with PCOS/PCOS-related symptoms at ages 31 and 46. The roles of obesity, hyperandrogenism, and awareness of PCOS on psychological distress were also assessed. Design: Population-based follow-up...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282244/methodological-challenges-in-conducting-research-with-refugee-women
#14
Martha Baird, Milan Bimali, Ashley Cott, Michael Brimacombe, Therese Ruhland-Petty, Christine Daley
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of a 10-week community-based, culturally tailored mental health intervention, called Healthy Sudanese Families, with 12 South Sudanese refugee women living in a metropolitan area of the Midwestern United States. This mixed-methods study used the Dinka and Arabic versions of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 to measure indicators of anxiety and depression and a final focus group to evaluate the women's responses to the intervention...
April 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254659/water-insecurity-in-a-syndemic-context-understanding-the-psycho-emotional-stress-of-water-insecurity-in-lesotho-africa
#15
Cassandra L Workman, Heather Ureksoy
Syndemics occur when populations experience synergistic and multiplicative effects of co-occurring epidemics. Proponents of syndemic theory highlight the importance of understanding the social context in which diseases spread and cogently argue that there are biocultural effects of external stresses such as food insecurity and water insecurity. Thus, a holistic understanding of disease or social vulnerability must incorporate an examination of the emotional and social effects of these phenomena. This paper is a response to the call for a renewed focus on measuring the psycho-emotional and psychosocial effects of food insecurity and water insecurity...
February 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#16
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050759/tension-among-women-in-north-india-an-idiom-of-distress-and-a-cultural-syndrome
#17
Lesley Jo Weaver
The existing literature on Indian ethnopsychology has long asserted that somatization is a key aspect of experiences of distress. The study of idioms of distress arose out of work done in India (Nichter in Cult Med Psychiatry 5(4):379-408, 1981), but ironically, little subsequent work has systematically explored idioms of distress in this part of the world. This ethnographic study focused on the term tension (tenśan) and its relation to a cultural syndrome among women in urban North India. This syndrome appears to involve rapid-onset anger, irritation, rumination, and sleeplessness as key symptoms...
March 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983749/social-and-emotional-loneliness-and-self-reported-difficulty-initiating-and-maintaining-sleep-dims-in-a-sample-of-norwegian-university-students
#18
Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey, Con Stough, Børge Sivertsen, Marit Knapstad, Simon Øverland
Social and emotional loneliness negatively impact several areas of health, including sleep. However, few comprehensive population-based studies have evaluated this relationship. Over 12,000 students aged 21-35 years who participated in the student survey for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study) were assessed. Loneliness was assessed using the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale. Difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) was assessed by a single-item subjective response on the depression scale of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25)...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903327/auditory-vigilance-and-working-memory-in-youth-at-familial-risk-for-schizophrenia-or-affective-psychosis-in-the-harvard-adolescent-family-high-risk-study
#19
Larry J Seidman, Andrea Pousada-Casal, Silvia Scala, Eric C Meyer, William S Stone, Heidi W Thermenos, Elena Molokotos, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Ming T Tsuang, Stephen V Faraone
BACKGROUND: The degree of overlap between schizophrenia (SCZ) and affective psychosis (AFF) has been a recurring question since Kraepelin's subdivision of the major psychoses. Studying nonpsychotic relatives allows a comparison of disorder-associated phenotypes, without potential confounds that can obscure distinctive features of the disorder. Because attention and working memory have been proposed as potential endophenotypes for SCZ and AFF, we compared these cognitive features in individuals at familial high-risk (FHR) for the disorders...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866410/distress-depression-and-anxiety-among-persons-seeking-hiv-testing
#20
Ashraf Kagee, Wylene Saal, Jason Bantjes
We investigated psychological distress and symptoms of depression and anxiety among 485 South Africans seeking HIV testing. The mean scores of the sample were 45.78 (SD = 16.81) on the Hopkins Symptom Checklist; 15.8 (SD = 12.4) on the Beck Depression Inventory and 12.44 (SD = 13.00) on the Beck Anxiety Inventory, which fell in the elevated, mild and low ranges on these instruments, respectively. For more than a third of participants, symptoms of depression and clinically significant distress were at least moderate and in some cases severe, indicating that they may have benefitted from psychological help...
March 2017: AIDS Care
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