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Hopkins symptom checklist

Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Curt Hagquist
BACKGROUND: The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10) is widely used for both clinical and epidemiological purposes to measure psychological distress among adolescents and adults. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the HSCL-10 among adolescents in Norway using Rasch analysis. METHODS: The study is based on cross-sectional data from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health in 2001 and 2009...
September 10, 2016: Family Practice
Jennifer L Steel, Andrea C Dunlavy, Collette E Harding, Töres Theorell
Over 50 million people have been displaced, some as a result of conflict, which exposure can lead to psychiatric sequelae. The aims of this study were to provide estimates of pre-emigration trauma, post-migration stress, and psychological sequelae of immigrants and refugees from predominantly Sub-Saharan Africa who immigrated to Sweden. We also examined the predictors of the psychiatric sequelae as well as acculturation within the host country. A total of 420 refugees and immigrants were enrolled using stratified quota sampling...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Mayumi Shimizu, Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Samedy Suong, Samrithea Sron, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: Psychological and social problems are major concerns in this era of successful antiretroviral therapy. Although livelihood programs have been implemented extensively to improve the daily living conditions of people living with HIV in Cambodia, no studies have yet investigated the impacts of these programs on the mental health of this vulnerable population. Therefore, we examined the impact of a livelihood program on depressive symptoms and associated factors among people living with HIV in Cambodia...
2016: Global Health Action
Sveinung Tornås, Cand Psychol, Marianne Løvstad, Anne-Kristin Solbakk, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Jan Stubberud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Goal Management Training (GMT) expanded to include external cuing and an emotional regulation module is associated with improved emotional regulation, psychological functioning, and quality of life after chronic acquired brain injury. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessment at baseline, post-training and six-month follow-up. SETTING: Outpatient PARTICIPANTS: Persons with acquired brain injury and executive dysfunction (N=70; 64% traumatic brain injury; 52% males; mean age 43 ± 13 years; mean time since injury 8...
July 13, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Fasiha Kanwal, Jeffrey M Pyne, Shahriar Tavakoli-Tabasi, Susan Nicholson, Brian Dieckgraefe, Erma Storay, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Donna L Smith, Shubhada Sansgiry, Allen Gifford, Steven M Asch
OBJECTIVE: Depression is highly prevalent yet underdiagnosed and undertreated among patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Collaborative care models have improved depression outcomes in primary care settings, and this study aimed to provide more information on testing such methods in specialty HCV care. METHODS: Hepatitis C Translating Initiatives for Depression Into Effective Solutions (HEPTIDES) was a randomized controlled trial that tested a collaborative depression care model in HCV clinics at four Veterans Affairs facilities...
July 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
C Acarturk, E Konuk, M Cetinkaya, I Senay, M Sijbrandij, B Gulen, P Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates a high prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among refugees. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective treatment for PTSD for victims of natural disasters, car accidents or other traumatic events. The current study examined the effect of EMDR on symptoms of PTSD and depression by comparing the treatment with a wait-list control condition in Syrian refugees. METHOD: Adult refugees located in Kilis Refugee Camp at the Turkish-Syrian border with a PTSD diagnosis were randomly allocated to either EMDR (n = 37) or wait-list control (n = 33) conditions...
September 2016: Psychological Medicine
Netta Nevalainen, Raija Lähdesmäki, Pirjo Mäki, Ellen Ek, Anja Taanila, Paula Pesonen, Kirsi Sipilä
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the association between stress level and chronic facial pain, while controlling for the effect of depression on this association, during a three-year follow-up in a general population-based birth cohort. METHODS: In the general population-based Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort, information about stress level, depression and facial pain were collected using questionnaires at the age of 31 years. Stress level was measured using the Work Ability Index...
June 21, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Helene Flood Aakvaag, Siri Thoresen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb, Espen Røysamb, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in trauma-related shame and guilt. However, much remains unknown in terms of how these emotions relate to the type of event, gender and mental health. We investigated shame and guilt in men and women following various types of severe violence and their relation to mental health. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with a Norwegian general population sample (n=4529; age=18-75; response rate=42.9%). Measures included child sexual abuse, child and adult rape, severe physical violence from/between parents, severe violence from a partner and non-partners, less severe violence and non-violent trauma, the new Shame and Guilt After Trauma Scale, and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Hyunsung Oh, Kathleen Ell
OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether depression remission and problem-solving therapy (PST) receipt are associated with more frequent self-care behaviors via cross-sectional and prospective analyses. METHOD: We analyzed data from a randomized clinical trial (N=387) that tested collaborative depression care among predominantly Hispanic patients with diabetes in safety-net clinics. Data at 12-month follow-up, measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Hopkins Symptom Checklist-20, were used to define depression remission...
July 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
Retina Rimal, Chris Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Despite further recent research into the consequences associated with human sex trafficking, scant evidence associated with the mental health outcomes among victims of sex trafficking remains, including within Nepal where trafficking continues to be a growing problem. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and explanatory factors of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among female survivors being housed and supported by two non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Nepal...
August 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Itziar Familiar, Sarah Murray, Horacio Ruisenor-Escudero, Alla Sikorskii, Noeline Nakasujja, Michael J Boivin, Robert Opoka, Judith K Bass
Women living with HIV are at increased risk for psychosocial distress, especially among social and economically disadvantaged women living in rural areas. Little is known about how social support and wealth impacts the mental health of women caring for young children in low- and middle-income countries. The purpose of this paper was to assess demographic, socio-economic, and social support correlates of depression and anxiety in HIV-infected+ female caregivers living in rural Uganda. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25), two-domains of social support (family and community) were measured with the adapted Multidimensional Scale for Perceived Social Support, and wealth was measured using a checklist of material possessions and housing quality among 288 women...
May 30, 2016: AIDS Care
Itziar Familiar, Noeline Nakasujja, Judith Bass, Alla Sikorskii, Sarah Murray, Horacio Ruisenor-Escudero, Paul Bangirana, Robert Opoka, Michael J Boivin
Maternal mental health (particularly depression) may influence how they report on their child's behavior. Few research studies have focused on Sub-Saharan countries where pediatric HIV concentrates and impacts child neuropsychological development and caregiver mental health. We investigated the associations between caregivers' depressive symptoms and neuropsychological outcomes in HIV-infected (n=118) and HIV-exposed (n=164) Ugandan children aged 2-5 years. We compared performance-based tests of development (Mullen Scales of Early Learning, Color Object Association Test), to a caregiver report of executive function (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, BRIEF)...
February 2016: Learning and Individual Differences
Naser Morina, Vita Sulaj, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard Klaghofer, Julia Müller, Chantal Martin-Sölch, Michael Rufer
BACKGROUND: Several psychological sequelae have been identified in civilian war survivors. However, little is known about the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and their relationship to trauma in this population. METHOD: Fifty-one adult civilian survivors of the Kosovo War (28 males) who had immigrated to Switzerland completed the Revised Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory Scale, the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Data were analysed using multiple regression analyses...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
E E Haroz, P Bolton, A Gross, K S Chan, L Michalopoulos, J Bass
PURPOSE: Prevalence estimates of depression vary between countries, possibly due to differential functioning of items between settings. This study compared the performance of the widely used Hopkins symptom checklist 15-item depression scale (HSCL-15) across multiple settings using item response theory analyses. Data came from adult populations in the low and middle income countries (LMIC) of Colombia, Indonesia, Kurdistan Iraq, Rwanda, Iraq, Thailand (Burmese refugees), and Uganda (N = 4732)...
July 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Cheryl Lee Robertson, Kay Savik, Michelle Mathiason-Moore, Amin Mohamed, Sarah Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Refugee trauma survivors often experience posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, and somatization. As a result, many suffer a disproportionate vulnerability to a variety of interpersonal, health, and social problems. OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to develop a preliminary predictive model identifying high-risk refugee trauma survivors based on levels of trauma and psychological functioning. METHOD: A subset of 449 Somali and Oromo refugee trauma survivors was randomly selected from a larger study for secondary data analysis...
May 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Danilo Carrozzino, Olav Vassend, Flemming Bjørndal, Claudia Pignolo, Lis Raabæk Olsen, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: Although the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R) is one of the most widely used self-reported scales covering several psychopathological states, the scalability of the SCL-90-R has been found to be very problematic. AIMS: We have performed a clinimetric analysis of the SCL-90-R, taking both its factor structure and scalability (i.e. total scale score a sufficient statistic) into account. METHODS: The applicability of the SCL-90-R has been found acceptable in general population studies from Denmark, Norway and Italy...
July 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Varsha Maharaj, Andrew Tomita, Lindokuhle Thela, Mpho Mhlongo, Jonathan K Burns
South Africa's refugee population has grown considerably over the last decade. Both food insecurity and mental illness are common in developing countries, but this relationship remains unexamined in an African refugee population. 335 adult refugees in Durban, South Africa were interviewed using a self-report of food insecurity and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25. The proportion of those who responded 'often true' to not having enough food and eating less was 23.1 and 54.3 %, respectively. The proportion of individuals with a significant level of anxiety and depressive symptomatology was 49...
March 17, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sarah J Schubert, Christopher W Lee, Guilhermina de Araujo, Susan R Butler, Graham Taylor, Peter D Drummond
The effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for treating trauma symptoms was examined in a postwar/conflict, developing nation, Timor Leste. Participants were 21 Timorese adults with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), assessed as those who scored ≥2 on the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ). Participants were treated with EMDR therapy. Depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Symptom changes post-EMDR treatment were compared to a stabilization control intervention period in which participants served as their own waitlist control...
April 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Kevin J Contrera, Josh Betz, Jennifer Deal, Janet S Choi, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Tamara Harris, Elizabeth Helzner, Kathryn R Martin, Kala Mehta, Sheila Pratt, Susan M Rubin, Suzanne Satterfield, Kristine Yaffe, Eleanor M Simonsick, Frank R Lin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is was investigate the association between hearing impairment and anxiety. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1,732 community-based adults aged 76 to 85 years who participated in the Health Aging and Body Composition (ABC) study. Logistic regression models were adjusted for demographic and cardiovascular risk factors. Hearing impairment was defined by the speech-frequency pure tone average. Anxiety was defined as reporting two symptoms of at least "a little" or one symptom "quite a bit" on the three-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
Judith K Bass, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Alla Sikorskii, Sarah M Murray, Robert Opoka, Jura Augustinavicius, Michael J Boivin
Children affected by HIV are at increased risk of developmental and neuropsychological disturbances due to direct effects of HIV on the brain and direct effects associated with living in poverty. Caregivers can play an important role, through quality caregiving, in mitigating the negative effect of these stressors. This study used baseline data from an ongoing caregiver training intervention trial to evaluate the association between quality of caregiver-child interactions and neurocognitive outcomes in rural HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected children in Uganda...
2016: AIDS Care
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