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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991146/effect-of-caregiver-training-on-the-neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-and-caregiver-mental-health-a-ugandan-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Michael J Boivin, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Sarah M Murray, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Cilly Shohet, Deborah Givon, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Elizabeth E Schut, Robert O Opoka, Judith K Bass
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood development programs typically combine healthy nutrition and cognitive stimulation in an integrated model. We separately delivered these 2 components in a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate their comparative effectiveness in promoting healthy child development and caregiver mental health. This is the first study to do so for HIV-affected children and their infected mothers. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one HIV-exposed but uninfected child (2-3 years old) and caregiver dyads in 18 geographic clusters in Eastern Uganda were randomized by cluster to receive biweekly individualized sessions of either (1) Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) training emphasizing cognitive stimulation or (2) Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) program that delivered health and nutrition training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988551/food-insecurity-social-networks-and-symptoms-of-depression-among-men-and-women-in-rural-uganda-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#2
Jessica M Perkins, Viola N Nyakato, Bernard Kakuhikire, Alexander C Tsai, S V Subramanian, David R Bangsberg, Nicholas A Christakis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between food insecurity and depression symptom severity stratified by sex, and test for evidence of effect modification by social network characteristics. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. The nine-item Household Food Insecurity Access Scale captured food insecurity. Five name generator questions elicited network ties. A sixteen-item version of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist for Depression captured depression symptom severity...
October 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988517/developing-and-testing-a-consensus-based-core-set-of-outcome-measures-for-rehabilitation-in-musculoskeletal-diseases
#3
M Klokkerud, H Dagfinrud, T Uhlig, T N Dager, K-A Furunes, Å Klokkeide, M Larsen, S Nygård, S Nylenna, L Øie, I Kjeken
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation is important for people with musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), and evaluating the effect of rehabilitation on both an individual and group level is advocated. A consensus concerning use of outcome measures will improve collaboration between healthcare providers, and increase the possibility of conducting meta-analyses in future research. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus-based core set of outcome measures for rehabilitation in MSDs, and to test the feasibility and responsiveness of the set...
October 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988283/determinants-of-child-attachment-in-the-years-postpartum-in-a-high-risk-sample-of-immigrant-women
#4
Vanessa Lecompte, Cécile Rousseau
Our goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire that included questions on premature delivery and birth weight...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967345/assessing-distress-in-the-community-psychometric-properties-and-crosswalk-comparison-of-eight-measures-of-psychological-distress
#5
P J Batterham, M Sunderland, T Slade, A L Calear, N Carragher
BACKGROUND: Many measures are available for measuring psychological distress in the community. Limited research has compared these scales to identify the best performing tools. A common metric for distress measures would enable researchers and clinicians to equate scores across different measures. The current study evaluated eight psychological distress scales and developed crosswalks (tables/figures presenting multiple scales on a common metric) to enable scores on these scales to be equated...
October 2, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962605/risk-of-psychological-ill-health-and-methods-of-organisational-downsizing-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-four-european-countries
#6
Elena Andreeva, M Harvey Brenner, Töres Theorell, Marcel Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The manner in which organizational downsizing is implemented can make a substantial difference as to whether the exposed workers will suffer from psychological ill health. Surprisingly, little research has directly investigated this issue. We examined the likelihood of psychological ill health associated with strategic and reactive downsizing. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey included 1456 respondents from France, Sweden, Hungary and the United Kingdom: 681 employees in stable workplaces (reference group) and 775 workers from downsized companies...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942204/can-flow-experiences-be-protective-of-work-related-depressive-symptoms-and-burnout-a-genetically-informative-approach
#7
Miriam A Mosing, Ana Butkovic, Fredrik Ullén
BACKGROUND: Genetic research on depression and burnout has focused mostly on adverse factors, although various aspects in daily life related to positive coping and well-being have been shown to potentially be protective. Using a large genetically informative sample, we aim to explore the potential relationship between flow proneness and work-related depressive symptoms and burnout. METHODS: About 10,000 Swedish twins filled in the Swedish Flow Proneness Questionnaire, a subscale of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL) depression scale, and the Emotional Exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891153/a-randomized-trial-of-off-site-collaborative-care-for-depression-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus
#8
Fasiha Kanwal, Jeffrey M Pyne, Shahriar Tavakoli-Tabasi, Susan Nicholson, Brian Dieckgraefe, Erma Storay, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Jennifer R Kramer, Donna Smith, Shubhada Sansgiry, Aylin Tansel, Allen L Gifford, Steven M Asch
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a collaborative depression care model in improving depression and hepatitis C virus (HCV) care. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Hepatitis C virus clinic patients who screened positive for depression at four Veterans Affairs Hospitals. STUDY DESIGN: We compared off-site depression collaborative care (delivered by depression care manager, pharmacist, and psychiatrist) with usual care in a randomized trial...
September 11, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861896/sleep-difficulties-and-academic-performance-in-norwegian-higher-education-students
#9
Amie C Hayley, Børge Sivertsen, Mari Hysing, Øystein Vedaa, Simon Øverland
BACKGROUND: Sleep difficulties are common among university students and may detrimentally affect academic outcomes. Despite this, remarkably little information is currently available during this critical developmental period of early adulthood, and thus, the direct effect on measurable domains of academic ability and proficiency is equivocal. AIMS: To evaluate the associations between difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) and subjective and objective academic performance in a large sample of university students...
August 31, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842762/hyperemesis-gravidarum-and-the-risk-of-emotional-distress-during-and-after-pregnancy
#10
Helena Kames Kjeldgaard, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Åse Vigdis Vikanes
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy condition characterised by severe nausea and vomiting. Previous studies have shown an association between HG and depressive symptoms during pregnancy, but little is known about the risk of maternal psychological distress following an HG pregnancy. The objective of the current study was therefore to assess the association between HG and emotional distress during and after pregnancy. This was a population-based pregnancy cohort study using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study...
August 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792287/the-association-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptoms-with-frequent-attendance-to-health-care-services-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#11
Tero S Kujanpää, Jari Jokelainen, Juha P Auvinen, Markku J Timonen
Objective Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with higher rate of physical comorbities, unexplained symptoms, and health care utilization. However, the role of somatic symptoms in determining health care utilization is unclear. The present study aims to assess the association of frequent attendance of health care services between generalized anxiety disorder symptoms and somatic symptoms. Method This study was conducted cross-sectionally using the material of the 46-year follow-up survey of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710709/psychological-factors-associated-with-painful-versus-non-painful-hiv-associated-sensory-neuropathy
#12
Prinisha Pillay, Antonia L Wadley, Catherine L Cherry, Alan S Karstaedt, Peter R Kamerman
HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is a common, and frequently painful complication of HIV, but factors that determine the presence of pain are unresolved. We investigated: (i) if psychological factors associated with painful (n = 125) versus non-painful HIV-SN (n = 72), and (ii) if pain and psychological factors affected quality of life (QoL). We assessed anxiety and depression using the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25. Pain catastrophizing and QoL were assessed using the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and Euroqol-5D, respectively...
July 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669312/psychological-distress-among-norwegian-adolescents-changes-between-2001-and-2009-and-associations-with-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-screen-based-sedentary-behaviour
#13
Annette Løvheim Kleppang, Miranda Thurston, Ingeborg Hartz, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim of this work was to examine psychological distress among Norwegian adolescents in relation to changes over time and the associations with leisure time physical activity and screen-based sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on data retrieved from the Norwegian Youth Health Surveys in 2001 and 2009 in Hedmark County. Adolescents aged 15-16 years old completed a questionnaire regarding physical activity, sedentary behaviour, psychological distress and other health and lifestyle variables...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667469/reliability-validity-and-factor-structure-of-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-population-based-study-of-persons-living-with-hiv-in-rural-uganda
#14
Scholastic Ashaba, Bernard Kakuhikire, Dagmar Vořechovská, Jessica M Perkins, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Samuel Maling, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid among people living with HIV (PLHIV), but few instruments for screening or measurement have been validated for use in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the 25-item Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL) in a population-based sample of PLHIV in rural Uganda. This study was nested within an ongoing population-based cohort of all residents living in Nyakabare Parish, Mbarara District, Uganda. All participants who identified as HIV-positive by self-report were included in this analysis...
June 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637731/the-impact-of-the-asylum-process-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-norway
#15
Marianne Jakobsen, Melinda Ashley Meyer DeMott, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors prospectively during the asylum-seeking process, with a focus on specific stages in the asylum process, such as age assessment, placement in a supportive or non-supportive facility and final decision on the asylum applications. DESIGN: This was a2½ year follow-up study of unaccompanied minors (UM) seeking asylum in Norway. Data were collected within three weeks (n=138) and at 4 months (n=101), 15 months (n=84) and 26 months (n=69) after arrival...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634661/depression-and-art-initiation-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-kenya-and-uganda
#16
Jennifer Velloza, Connie Celum, Jessica E Haberer, Kenneth Ngure, Elizabeth Irungu, Nelly Mugo, Jared M Baeten, Renee Heffron
Depression is a known barrier for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, but less is understood about its effects on ART initiation. We followed 1013 HIV-infected individuals participating in the Partners Demonstration Project, an open-label study of integrated pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and ART delivery for HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda. Associations between depression, measured annually with the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-Depression (HSCL-D), and ART initiation were assessed with Cox proportional hazards regression...
August 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551459/child-physical-abuse-high-school-students-mental-health-and-parental-relations-depending-on-who-perpetrated-the-abuse
#17
D Nilsson, E Nordås, G Pribe, C G Svedin
The aim of this study was to contribute to the research of child physical abuse (CPA) by examining if there were any differences in high school students' mental health (in this study symptoms of depression and anxiety, self-esteem and sense of coherence) and/or, in how they perceive their parents, depending on whether or not they had been subjected to CPA during childhood. In addition, if high school students reported different mental health and/or, relationships with their parents, depending on if their mother, father or both parents were the perpetrators of CPA...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451070/like-a-bridge-over-troubled-water-a-longitudinal-study-of-general-social-support-colleague-support-and-leader-support-as-recovery-factors-after-a-traumatic-event
#18
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
Background: Whereas the association between social support and psychological distress has been well-established through both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, less is known about whether social support influences rate of change in psychological distress over time. Nor is it clear whether social support predicts baseline psychological distress, or, more importantly, whether social support may contribute to more rapid recovery following trauma exposure. Objective: This study aimed to determine the extent to which social support contributed to the recovery process among individuals with psychological distress after being exposed to trauma...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450885/measurement-invariance-of-the-hopkins-symptoms-checklist-a-novel-multigroup-alignment-analytic-approach-to-a-large-epidemiological-sample-across-eight-conflict-affected-districts-from-a-nation-wide-survey-in-sri-lanka
#19
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: The alignment method, a novel psychometric approach, represents a more flexible procedure for establishing measurement invariance in geographically, ethnically, or linguistically diverse samples, especially in large epidemiological surveys. Although the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25) has been used extensively in the field to assess anxiety and depressive symptoms, questions remain about the comparability of findings when the instrument is applied across regions in large-scale national surveys...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441041/the-child-network-for-parents-to-track-their-child-s-mood-and-behavior
#20
Robert M Post, Michael Rowe, Dana Kaplan, Robert Findling
INTRODUCTION: A wide range of psychiatric disorders are common in young children, especially in those at high risk because of a parent with a unipolar or bipolar mood disorder in the United States. Yet in part because most children are seen in primary care, these illnesses are often not recognized or treated in a timely fashion. To begin to address this problem, we started the Child Network. METHODS: The Child Network is for parents of children age 2-12 with mood or behavioral symptoms or at high risk for them...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
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