keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

qualitative studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046009/-experiences-of-patients-with-invasive-and-non-invasive-home-mechanical-ventilation-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#1
V Nelißen, S Metzing, W Schnepp
Aim of the study Human beings can be ventilated outside of a hospital after a lung failure or due to a neurodegenerative disease. This can be done in different living conditions. This article examines the question of what experiences such patients have made with invasive home mechanical ventilation, and how they have adapted their new lives. Methodology On the basis of a systematic literature research, qualitative studies were analyzed that depict the social reality of patients with invasive and non-invasive home mechanical ventilation...
October 18, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045915/acute-psychoactive-effects-of-intravenous-ketamine-during-treatment-of-mood-disorders-analysis-of-the-clinician-administered-dissociative-state-scale
#2
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Samuel T Wilkinson, Larry Davidson, Wendy K Silverman, Gerard Sanacora
INTRODUCTION: Ketamine has rapid-acting antidepressant effects. Frequently, ketamine administration also causes acute psychoactive effects - in trials, these effects are commonly measured using the Clinician Administered Dissociative State Scale (CADSS). However, the CADSS was not designed for this specific purpose, having been validated in other clinical contexts, and anecdotally does not appear to fully capture ketamine's acute psychoactive effects. METHODS: Data were obtained from 110 individuals with mood disorders (predominantly major depressive disorder) who underwent intravenous ketamine infusion...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045883/in-vitro-in-vivo-correlations-of-carbamazepine-nano-dispersions-for-application-in-formulation-development
#3
Zachary Warnken, Michael Puppolo, Justin Hughey, Iris Duarte, Susan Jansen-Varnum
During formulation development, efficiently integrating in vitro dissolution testing can significantly improve one's ability to estimate in vivo performance and aide in the selection of premier drug candidates. The concept of in vitro - in vivo relationship/correlation (IVIVR/IVIVC) has garnered significant attention from pharmaceutical scientists to predict expected bioavailability characteristics for drug substances and products. The current work illustrates a comparative evaluation of in vitro tests to access crystalline carbamazepine and various types of amorphous and crystalline dispersions of carbamazepine and Eudragit L100 produced by spray-drying, including a membrane-permeation dissolution methodology and non-sink dissolution...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045672/dynamics-of-evidence-informed-health-policy-making-in-pakistan
#4
Zaeem Haq, Assad Hafeez, Shamsa Zafar, Abdul Ghaffar
Incorporating evidence is fundamental to maintaining the general acceptance and efficiency in public policies. In Pakistan, different actors-local and global-strive to facilitate the development of evidence-informed health policies. Effective involvement however, requires knowledge of the country-context, i.e. knowing the intricacies of how policies are formulated in Pakistan. Obtaining this knowledge is one of the key steps to making interventions impactful. We carried out a qualitative study to explore the environment of evidence-informed health policy in Pakistan...
October 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045664/understanding-the-impact-of-accreditation-on-quality-in-healthcare-a-grounded-theory-approach
#5
L Desveaux, J I Mitchell, J Shaw, N M Ivers
Objective: To explore how organizations respond to and interact with the accreditation process and the actual and potential mechanisms through which accreditation may influence quality. Design: Qualitative grounded theory study. Setting: Organizations who had participated in Accreditation Canada's Qmentum program during January 2014-June 2016. Participants: Individuals who had coordinated the accreditation process or were involved in managing or promoting quality...
October 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045614/-i-have-to-listen-to-this-old-body-femininity-and-the-aging-body
#6
Sylivia Karen Rutagumirwa, Ajay Bailey
Background and Objectives: This study explores how older women with low socioeconomic status living in rural Tanzania give meaning to their (aging) body in relation to the ideals of femininity. Research Design and Methods: Ten qualitative in-depth interviews and 10 focus group discussions (N = 60) were conducted among women aged 60 and older. Results: The findings reveal that older women perceive their aging body as "a burden." This characterization of the body is linked to the inability of the aging body to live up to the women's gendered lives...
October 13, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045592/impact-of-public-safety-policies-on-hiv-transmission-dynamics-in-tijuana-mexico
#7
Sanjay R Mehta, Antoine Chaillon, Tommi L Gaines, Patricia E Gonzalez-Zuniga, Jamila K Stockman, Horatio Almanza-Reyes, Jose Roman Chavez, Alicia Vera, Karla D Wagner, Thomas L Patterson, Brianna Scott, Davey M Smith, Steffanie A Strathdee
Background: North Tijuana, Mexico, along the US border, is home to many individuals at high-risk for transmitting and acquiring HIV. Recently, policy shifts by local government impacted how these individuals were handled by authorities. Here we examined how this affected regional HIV transmission dynamics. Methods: HIV pol sequences and associated demographic information were collected from eight research studies enrolling persons in Tijuana, and were used to infer viral transmission patterns and transmission clusters...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045560/inflammatory-gastrointestinal-diseases-associated-with-pd-1-blockade-antibodies
#8
M Collins, Jm Michot, Fx Danlos, C Mussini, E Soularue, C Mateus, D Loirat, A Buisson, I Rosa, O Lambotte, S Laghouati, N Chaput, C Coutzac, Al Voisin, Jc Soria, A Marabelle, S Champiat, C Robert, F Carbonnel
Background: Immune check-point blockade agents have shown clinical activity in cancer patients but are associated with immune-related adverse events that could limit their development. The aim of this study was to describe the gastrointestinal immune-related adverse events (GI-irAE) in patients with cancer treated with anti-PD-1. Methods: this is a retrospective study of consecutive adult patients who had a suspected GI-irAE due to anti-PD-1 antibodies between 2013 and 2016...
October 3, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045487/the-psychosocial-impact-of-leg-ulcers-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-i-don-t-want-them-to-know-my-little-secret
#9
Nkeiruka I Umeh, Brittany Ajegba, Ashley J Buscetta, Khadijah E Abdallah, Caterina P Minniti, Vence L Bonham
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) impacts millions of individuals worldwide and more than 100,000 people in the United States. Leg ulcers are the most common cutaneous manifestation of SCD. The health status of individuals living with chronic leg ulcers is not only influenced by clinical manifestations such as pain duration and intensity, but also by psychosocial factors. Garnering insights into the psychosocial impact can provide a more holistic view of their influence on quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045434/opportunities-challenges-and-systems-requirements-for-developing-post-abortion-family-planning-services-perceptions-of-service-stakeholders-in-china
#10
Hong Jiang, Jieshuang Xu, Esther Richards, Xu Qian, Weihong Zhang, Lina Hu, Shangchun Wu, Rachel Tolhurst
Post-abortion family planning (PAFP) has been proposed as a key strategy to decrease unintended pregnancy and repeat induced abortions. However, the accessibility and quality of PAFP services remain a challenge in many countries including China where more than 10 million unintended pregnancies occur each year. Most of these unwanted pregnancies end in repeated induced abortions. This paper aims to explore service providers' perceptions of the current situation regarding family planning and abortion service needs, provision, utilization, and the feasibility and acceptability of high quality PAFP in the future...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045416/neonatal-immune-response-to-rhinovirus-a16-has-diminished-dendritic-cell-function-and-increased-b-cell-activation
#11
Amanda Barlow-Anacker, Yury Bochkov, James Gern, Christine M Seroogy
BACKGROUND: Rhinovirus infections during infancy account for the majority of respiratory illness health care utilization and are an associated risk factor for subsequent development of allergic asthma. Neonatal type I interferon production is diminished compared to adults after stimulation with TLR agonists. However, broad profiling of immune cell responses to infectious rhinovirus has not been undertaken and we hypothesized that additional immune differences can be identified in neonates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045408/older-adults-acceptance-of-a-robot-for-partner-dance-based-exercise
#12
Tiffany L Chen, Tapomayukh Bhattacharjee, Jenay M Beer, Lena H Ting, Madeleine E Hackney, Wendy A Rogers, Charles C Kemp
Partner dance has been shown to be beneficial for the health of older adults. Robots could potentially facilitate healthy aging by engaging older adults in partner dance-based exercise. However, partner dance involves physical contact between the dancers, and older adults would need to be accepting of partner dancing with a robot. Using methods from the technology acceptance literature, we conducted a study with 16 healthy older adults to investigate their acceptance of robots for partner dance-based exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045275/medical-education-in-decentralized-settings-how-medical-students-contribute-to-health-care-in-10-sub-saharan-african-countries
#13
Zohray Talib, Susan van Schalkwyk, Ian Couper, Swaha Pattanaik, Khadija Turay, Atiene S Sagay, Rhona Baingana, Sarah Baird, Bernhard Gaede, Jehu Iputo, Minnie Kibore, Rachel Manongi, Antony Matsika, Mpho Mogodi, Jeremais Ramucesse, Heather Ross, Moses Simuyeba, Damen Haile-Mariam
PURPOSE: African medical schools are expanding, straining resources at tertiary health facilities. Decentralizing clinical training can alleviate this tension. This study assessed the impact of decentralized training and contribution of undergraduate medical students at health facilities. METHOD: Participants were from 11 Medical Education Partnership Initiative-funded medical schools in 10 African countries. Each school identified two clinical training sites-one rural and the other either peri-urban or urban...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045143/reconstruction-of-obliterated-characters-in-polycarbonate-through-spectral-imaging
#14
Cédric Parisien, Gitanjali Kolhatkar, Frank Crispino, André Lajeunesse, Andreas Ruediger
In forensic sciences, there is an increasing demand for non-destructive and reliable methods to retrieve obliterated information in polymers. This study demonstrates a case study for the potential of Raman spectroscopy to reconstruct abraded serial numbers. Residual strain and local variations in the structural arrangement are non-destructively imaged through peak shifts and variations of the full width at half-maximum of specific Raman lines, respectively. We qualitatively validate our approach by successfully recovering an obliterated letter stamped with a pressure of ~170 MPa in a polycarbonate sample, with a subsequent quantitative statistical analysis...
October 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045004/wound-care-evidence-knowledge-and-education-amongst-nurses-a-semi-systematic-literature-review
#15
Lynn Welsh
The aims of this study were to determine the knowledge and skills of nurses involved in wound care, to provide a critical overview of the current evidence base underpinning wound care and to determine the extent of utilisation of existing evidence by nurses involved in the management of wounds in practice. A semi-systematic review of the literature was undertaken on Cinahl, Medline Science Direct and Cochrane using the search terms: wound, tissue viability, education, nurse, with limitations set for dates between 2009 and 2017 and English language...
October 17, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044920/co-responding-police-mental-health-programmes-service-user-experiences-and-outcomes-in-a-large-urban-centre
#16
Denise Lamanna, Gilla K Shapiro, Maritt Kirst, Flora I Matheson, Arash Nakhost, Vicky Stergiopoulos
As police officers are often the first responders to mental health crises, a number of approaches have emerged to support skilled police crisis responses. One such approach is the police-mental health co-responding team model, whereby mental health nurses and police officers jointly respond to mental health crises in the community. In the present mixed-method study, we evaluated outcomes of co-responding team interactions at a large Canadian urban centre by analysing administrative data for 2743 such interactions, and where comparison data were available, compared them to 16 226 police-only team responses...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044832/understanding-acceptability-of-and-engagement-with-web-based-interventions-aiming-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors-a-synthesis-of-current-research
#17
REVIEW
Teresa Corbett, Karmpaul Singh, Liz Payne, Katherine Bradbury, Claire Foster, Eila Watson, Alison Richardson, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
PURPOSE: This review sought to summarize existing knowledge in order to inform the development of an online intervention that aims to improve quality of life after cancer treatment. METHODS: To inform our intervention, we searched for studies relating to web-based interventions designed to improve QoL in adults who have completed primary treatment for breast, prostate and colorectal cancer (as these are three of the most common cancers and impact a large number of cancer survivors)...
October 17, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044821/what-do-children-observe-and-learn-from-televised-sports-betting-advertisements-a-qualitative-study-among-australian-children
#18
Hannah Pitt, Samantha L Thomas, Amy Bestman, Mike Daube, Jeffrey Derevensky
OBJECTIVE: To explore children's awareness of sports betting advertising and how this advertising may influence children's attitudes, product knowledge and desire to try sports betting. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 48 children (8-16 years) from Melbourne, Victoria. The interview schedule explored children's recall and interpretations of sports betting advertising, strategies within advertisements that may appeal to children, children's product knowledge and understanding of betting terminology, and factors that may encourage gambling...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044652/the-impact-of-accreditation-on-medical-schools-processes
#19
Danielle Blouin, Ara Tekian, Carol Kamin, Ilene B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Increased emphasis is being placed worldwide on accreditation of undergraduate medical education programmes, and costs of participation in accreditation continue to rise. The primary purposes of accreditation are to ensure the quality of medical education and to promote quality improvement. Student performance data as indicators of the impact of accreditation have important limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of accreditation using an innovative marker: the processes implemented at medical schools as a result of accreditation...
October 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044641/qualitative-and-semiquantitative-elastography-for-the-diagnosis-of-intermediate-suspicious-thyroid-nodules-based-on-the-2015-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#20
Bo Ra Yang, Eun-Kyung Kim, Hee Jung Moon, Jung Hyun Yoon, Vivian Y Park, Jin Young Kwak
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate qualitative and semiquantitative elastography for the diagnosis of intermediate suspicious thyroid nodules based on the 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines. METHODS: Through a retrospective search of our institutional database, 746 solid thyroid nodules found on grayscale ultrasonography, strain elastography, and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration between June and November 2009 were collected. Among them, 80 nodules from 80 patients with an intermediate suspicion of malignancy based on the 2015 ATA guidelines that were 10 mm or larger were recruited as the final study nodules...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
keyword
keyword
87120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"