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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231630/the-role-of-the-family-in-supporting-the-self-management-of-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
Whitehead Lisa, Towell Amanda, Abu-Qamar Ma'en, Cole-Heath Amanda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the contribution of family members in promoting and supporting the self-management of chronic conditions among adult family members. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic disease continues to grow globally. The role of the family in chronic condition management and support for self-management has received little attention. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative literature using the Joanna Briggs Institute approach for qualitative systematic reviews...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231628/the-lived-experience-of-recovery-during-the-first-six-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Jenny Jakobsson, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the lived experience of recovery during the first six months after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer-diagnose worldwide. Early discharge places demands on health care professionals to prepare patients for their return home and to provide them with appropriate support throughout the recovery process. This requires knowledge of what it is like to recover from colorectal cancer surgery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231623/compassion-fatigue-in-nurses-a-metasynthesis
#3
Anna G W Nolte, Charlene Downing, Annie Temane, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
AIM: The purpose of this research was to interpret the body of qualitative work focusing on compassion fatigue to distill a common understanding that could then be applied to nursing care. BACKGROUND: Complex demands place extraordinary stress on nurses struggling to work in overburdened healthcare systems. The result can be the inability to care well for others, leading to compassion fatigue, burnout, and increased numbers leaving the profession. Meta-synthesis offers a means of more fully illuminating compassion fatigue and further understanding of practices which might reduce its negative consequences...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231620/sustaining-guideline-implementation-a-multi-site-perspective-on-activities-challenges-and-supports
#4
Kathryn Smith Higuchi, Barbara Davies, Jenny Ploeg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine activities conducted, challenges encountered, and supports used when sustaining nursing practice guideline implementation in multiple health care organizations over three years. BACKGROUND: Numerous models and frameworks exist to guide the implementation of guidelines, yet very few focus on sustaining improved practice changes. It is not known if one intervention or multiple interventions are required, nor the long-term activities, challenges, and supports for sustaining improved practices...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#5
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231606/user-participation-is-a-family-matter-a-multiple-case-study-of-the-experiences-of-older-hospitalized-people-and-their-relatives
#6
Ingrid Nyborg, Lars Johan Danbolt, Marit Kirkevold
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multiple case study was to compare and contrast older people's and their relatives' experiences of participation in decision-making processes regarding the planning of everyday life after discharge from hospital. BACKGROUND: Internationally, patient involvement in health services is established to benefit patient health and to improve quality of the services. The literature shows that at hospital discharge older people would benefit from better communication and more active participation of relatives in the discharge planning...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231595/-subjective-aspects-of-return-to-work-and-social-reintegration-in-patients-with-extensive-work-related-problems-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-a-qualitative-investigation
#7
C Schulz-Behrendt, A Salzwedel, S Rabe, K Ortmann, H Völler
This study investigated subjective biopsychosocial effects of coronary heart disease (CHD), coping strategies and social support in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and having extensive work-related problems. A qualitative investigation was performed in 17 patients (48.9±7.0 y, 13 male) with extensive work-related problems (SIMBO-C>30). All patients were interviewed with structured surveys. Data analysis was performed using a software that is based on the content analysis approach of Mayring...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231594/-conception-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-rehabilitation-attending-counseling-service-for-caregivers-of-stroke-patients
#8
J Jungbauer, T Krieger, M Floren
This paper presents the pilot project "The Caregivers' Guide", which is financed by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The project's concept is outreach-oriented and personal, giving constant support to relatives of stroke patients throughout rehabilitation. Its effects were reviewed in an accompanying study. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was chosen to gather data on the experiences and assessments of the caregivers, as well as changes during the counselling process...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231557/comparison-of-body-s-center-of-mass-motion-relative-to-center-of-pressure-between-treadmill-and-over-ground-walking
#9
Hsuan-Lun Lu, Tung-Wu Lu, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Wing P Chan
Treadmills have been used in rehabilitation settings to provide convenient protocols and continuous monitoring of movement over multiple cycles at well-controlled speeds for gait and balance training. However, the potential differences in the movement control may affect the translation of the training outcomes to real life over-ground walking (OW). The similarities and differences in the balance control between treadmill walking (TW) and OW have largely been unexplored. The current study bridged the gap by comparing the motions of the body's center of mass (COM) relative to the center of pressure (COP) between TW and OW, in terms of the COM-COP inclination angle (IA) and its rate of change (RCIA)...
February 9, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231532/paeonifiorin-sulfonate-as-a-characteristic-marker-for-specifically-inspecting-chinese-patent-medicine-liu-wei-di-huang-wan-contained-sulfur-fumigated-moutan-cortex
#10
Xiu-Yang Li, Fang Long, Jin-Di Xu, Hong Shen, Ming Kong, He Zhu, Ye-Qing Zhang, Song-Lin Li
Sulfur fumigation can induce chemical transformation of bioactive components, consequently the alteration of bioactivities or even toxicities of medicinal herbs. Inspecting Chinese patent medicines (CPM) contained sulfur-fumigated constituent herbs is crucial for ensuring the safety and efficacy of CPM. Paeonifiorin sulfonate is a sulfur-fumigation induced compound of Moutan Cortex (MC), one of the main constituent herbs of a commonly used CPM Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan (LWDHW). Herein, we investigated the approach of paeonifiorin sulfonate as a characteristic marker for specifically inspecting LWDHW potentially contained sulfur-fumigated MC (SFMC)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231527/rapid-discrimination-and-determination-of-antibiotics-drugs-in-plastic-syringes-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-with-chemometric-analysis-application-to-amoxicillin-and-penicillin
#11
Laetitia Minh Mai Lê, Luc Eveleigh, Ikram Hasnaoui, Patrice Prognon, Arlette Baillet-Guffroy, Eric Caudron
The aim of this study was to investigate near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined to chemometric analysis to discriminate and quantify three antibiotics by direct measurement in plastic syringes.Solutions of benzylpenicillin (PENI), amoxicillin (AMOX) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMOX/CLAV) were analyzed at therapeutic concentrations in glass vials and plastic syringes with NIR spectrometer by direct measurement. Chemometric analysis using partial least squares regression and discriminative analysis was conducted to develop qualitative and quantitative calibration models...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231480/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-post-hospitalization-ecological-momentary-assessment-in-patients-with-psychotic-spectrum-disorders
#12
Ethan Moitra, Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Dror Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders are medication nonadherent. The use of real-time assessment via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) on mobile devices might offer important insights into adherence behaviors that cannot be measured in the clinic. However, existing EMA studies have only studied acutely ill patients during hospitalization or more stable patients in the community. METHODS: Feasibility and acceptability of EMA in 65 patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders who were recently discharged from the hospital were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231441/risk-behaviours-for-organism-transmission-in-health-care-delivery-a-two-month-unstructured-observational-study
#13
Maria Lindberg, Magnus Lindberg, Bernice Skytt
BACKGROUND: Errors in infection control practices risk patient safety. The probability for errors can increase when care practices become more multifaceted. It is therefore fundamental to track risk behaviours and potential errors in various care situations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe care situations involving risk behaviours for organism transmission that could lead to subsequent healthcare-associated infections. DESIGN & SETTING: Unstructured nonparticipant observations were performed at three medical wards...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231418/exploring-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-refusal-among-ethnic-minorities-in-england-a-comparative-qualitative-study
#14
Alice S Forster, Lauren Rockliffe, Laura A V Marlow, Helen Bedford, Emily McBride, Jo Waller
OBJECTIVES: In England, uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to prevent HPV-related cancer is lower among girls from ethnic minority backgrounds. We aimed to explore the factors that prevented ethnic minority parents from vaccinating, compared to White British non-vaccinating parents and vaccinating ethnic minority parents. METHODS: Interviews with 33 parents (n = 14 ethnic minority non-vaccinating, n = 10 White British non-vaccinating, n = 9 ethnic minority vaccinating) explored parents' reasons for giving or withholding consent for HPV vaccination...
February 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231315/functional-xanthophyll-cycle-and-pigment-content-of-a-kleptoplastic-benthic-foraminifer-haynesina-germanica
#15
Thierry Jauffrais, Bruno Jesus, Vona Méléder, Emmanuelle Geslin
Some shallow water benthic foraminifera are able to retain functional chloroplasts (kleptoplasts) from their food source, i.e. diatoms. Here we assessed the functionality of the kleptoplast xanthophyll cycle (XC, i.e. the main diatom short-term photo-regulation mechanism) and we surveyed Haynesina germanica kleptoplast pigment composition over time and at different light regimes. Six common diatom lipophilic pigments were detected, two chlorophylls (Chl a, Chl c) and four carotenoids (fucoxanthin and by-products, diadinoxanthin, diatoxanthin and β-carotene), the same pigment profile as the diatom species frequently isolated at the sampling site...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231314/satisfaction-guaranteed-how-individual-partner-and-relationship-factors-impact-sexual-satisfaction-within-partnerships
#16
Julia Velten, Jürgen Margraf
Within committed relationships, a wide range of factors may challenge or facilitate sexual satisfaction. The aim of this study was to clarify which individual, partner-, and partnership-related aspects of a sexual relationship are crucial for the prediction of sexual satisfaction. The study included data of a representative sample of 964 couples from the general population. The actor-partner interdependence model was used to estimate actor and partner effects. Overall, predictors explained 57% of outcome variance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231172/chemometrics-methods-for-specificity-authenticity-and-traceability-analysis-of-olive-oils-principles-classifications-and-applications
#17
REVIEW
Habib Messai, Muhammad Farman, Abir Sarraj-Laabidi, Asma Hammami-Semmar, Nabil Semmar
BACKGROUND: Olive oils (OOs) show high chemical variability due to several factors of genetic, environmental and anthropic types. Genetic and environmental factors are responsible for natural compositions and polymorphic diversification resulting in different varietal patterns and phenotypes. Anthropic factors, however, are at the origin of different blends' preparation leading to normative, labelled or adulterated commercial products. Control of complex OO samples requires their (i) characterization by specific markers; (ii) authentication by fingerprint patterns; and (iii) monitoring by traceability analysis...
November 17, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231156/a-computational-study-of-amensalistic-control-of-listeria-monocytogenes-by-lactococcus-lactis-under-nutrient-rich-conditions-in-a-chemostat-setting
#18
Hassan Khassehkhan, Hermann J Eberl
We study a previously introduced mathematical model of amensalistic control of the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes by the generally regarded as safe lactic acid bacteria Lactococcus lactis in a chemostat setting under nutrient rich growth conditions. The control agent produces lactic acids and thus affects pH in the environment such that it becomes detrimental to the pathogen while it is much more tolerant to these self-inflicted environmental changes itself. The mathematical model consists of five nonlinear ordinary differential equations for both bacterial species, the concentration of lactic acids, the pH and malate...
September 9, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231141/determination-of-volatiles-by-odor-activity-value-and-phenolics-of-cv-ayvalik-early-harvest-olive-oil
#19
Gamze Guclu, Onur Sevindik, Hasim Kelebek, Serkan Selli
Ayvalik is an important olive cultivar producing high quality oils in Turkey. In the present study, volatile and phenolic compositions of early-harvest extra virgin olive oil (cv. Ayvalik) were determined. The solvent-assisted flavor evaporation (SAFE) technique was used for the extraction of volatile components. The aromatic extract obtained by SAFE was representative of the olive oil odor. A total of 32 aroma compounds, including alcohols, aldehydes, terpenes, esters, and an acid, were identified in the olive oil...
June 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#20
Sandra L Siedlecki
: : Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
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