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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822316/improved-middle-ear-soft-tissue-visualization-using-synchrotron-radiation-phase-contrast-imaging
#1
Mai Elfarnawany, Seyed Alireza Rohani, Soroush Ghomashchi, Daniel G Allen, Ning Zhu, Sumit K Agrawal, Hanif M Ladak
High resolution images are used as a basis for finite-element modeling of the middle-ear structures to study their biomechanical function. Commonly used imaging techniques such as micro-computed tomography (CT) and optical microscopy require extensive sample preparation, processing or staining using contrast agents to achieve sufficient soft-tissue contrast. We compare imaging of middle-ear structures in unstained, non-decalcified human temporal bones using conventional absorption-contrast micro-CT and using synchrotron radiation phase-contrast imaging (SR-PCI)...
August 5, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822253/clout-or-doubt-perspectives-on-an-infant-mental-health-service-for-young-children-placed-in-foster-care-due-to-abuse-and-neglect
#2
Fiona Turner-Halliday, Gary Kainth, Genevieve Young-Southward, Richard Cotmore, Nicholas Watson, Lynn McMahon, Helen Minnis
Despite knowledge about the profound effects of child abuse and neglect, we know little about how best to assess whether maltreated children should return home. The effectiveness of the New Orleans Intervention Model (NIM) is being tested in a randomized controlled trial where the comparison is social work 'services as usual.' The future trial results will tell us which approach produces the best outcomes for children; meanwhile qualitative process evaluation is generating intriguing findings about the perceived impact of NIM on decision-making about childrens' futures...
August 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#3
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821983/negative-priming-a-meta-analysis-of-fmri-studies
#4
Zachary Yaple, Marie Arsalidou
A phenomenon termed negative priming is defined as an increase in reaction time and/or decrease in performance during instances in which current target stimuli are employed as distractor stimuli in the previous trial. A recent qualitative review on negative priming reported neural regions of interest underlined by activity within the right middle frontal gyrus and left middle temporal gyrus; however, these areas of interest have not been tested and supported by using coordinate-based, quantitative meta-analysis...
August 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821929/magnetic-resonance-cinematography-of-the-fingers-a-3-0-tesla-feasibility-study-with-comparison-of-incremental-and-continuous-dynamic-protocols
#5
Thomas Bayer, Werner Adler, Rolf Janka, Michael Uder, Frank Roemer
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of magnetic resonance cinematography of the fingers (MRCF) with comparison of image quality of different protocols for depicting the finger anatomy during motion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRCF was performed during a full flexion and extension movement in 14 healthy volunteers using a finger-gating device. Three real-time sequences (frame rates 17-59 images/min) and one proton density (PD) sequence (3 images/min) were acquired during incremental and continuous motion...
August 19, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821539/what-motivates-biology-instructors-to-engage-and-persist-in-teaching-professional-development
#6
Jill S McCourt, Tessa C Andrews, Jennifer K Knight, John E Merrill, Ross H Nehm, Karen N Pelletreau, Luanna B Prevost, Michelle K Smith, Mark Urban-Lurain, Paula P Lemons
We conducted a study of 19 biology instructors participating in small, local groups at six research-intensive universities connected to the Automated Analysis of Constructed Response (AACR) project (www.msu.edu/∼aacr). Our aim was to uncover participants' motivation to persist in a long-term teaching professional development effort, a topic that is understudied in discipline-based educational research. We interviewed each participant twice over a 2-year period and conducted qualitative analyses on the data, using expectancy-value theory as a framework for considering motivation...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821527/systematic-review-of-economic-analyses-in-patient-safety-a-protocol-designed-to-measure-development-in-the-scope-and-quality-of-evidence
#7
Alexander W Carter, Rishi Mandavia, Erik Mayer, Joachim Marti, Elias Mossialos, Ara Darzi
INTRODUCTION: Recent avoidable failures in patient care highlight the ongoing need for evidence to support improvements in patient safety. According to the most recent reviews, there is a dearth of economic evidence related to patient safety. These reviews characterise an evidence gap in terms of the scope and quality of evidence available to support resource allocation decisions. This protocol is designed to update and improve on the reviews previously conducted to determine the extent of methodological progress in economic analyses in patient safety...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820951/lactation-consultants-perceived-barriers-to-providing-professional-breastfeeding-support
#8
Erica H Anstey, Martha Coulter, Cecilia M Jevitt, Kay M Perrin, Sharon Dabrow, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Addressing suboptimal breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is a priority in the United States. To address challenges to improving these rates, the voices of the providers who work with breastfeeding mothers should be heard. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to explore lactation consultants' perceived barriers to managing early breastfeeding problems. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a grounded theory methodological approach...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820859/-it-s-not-an-obvious-issue-is-it-office-based-employees-perceptions-of-prolonged-sitting-at-work-a-qualitative-study
#9
Stuart William Flint, Helen Crank, Garry Tew, Simon Till
OBJECTIVE: Current UK workplace health promotion guidance recommends that employers minimize sedentary behaviors, but understanding the issues relating to prolonged workplace sitting has received little empirical attention. This study aimed to explore employees' perceptions of sitting time. METHODS: Participants at a small to medium-sized UK company were invited to join one of five focus groups. A framework analysis approach was used. RESULTS: Self-reported mean estimate of occupational sitting time was 6...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820774/the-experience-of-litigation-from-the-perspective-of-midwives-in-iran
#10
Akram Peyman, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mohammad Esmaeilpour Bandboni, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: Errors and notices to appear in court are a reality of life for many midwives and exert significant effects on both their professional and personal lives. Given the increasing population policies in place, this study was conducted to examine midwives' experiences of litigation in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2014 using an interpretive phenomenological approach. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and were then analyzed using the Diekelmann method...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820773/self-care-management-in-corrections-perspectives-from-persons-with-an-incarceration-experience
#11
Annette T Maruca, Kimberly Dion, Adrial A Lobelo, Olivia Ampiah-Bonney, Chunfang Chen, Kirk Sanger, Donna Zucker
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and beliefs of what self-care management looks like for a person with an incarceration experience. This is the first phase of a two-phase study. This qualitative study, held in three county jails in Massachusetts, utilized a focus group methodology. The Rediscovery of Self-Care: A Care Intervention for Persons with Incarceration Experience (RSC) model served as the framework for this study. On the basis of a priori constructs from the RSC model, a protocol was established and targeted questions outlined...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820772/the-individual-experience-of-aging-patients-and-the-current-service-provision-in-the-context-of-italian-forensic-psychiatry-a-case-study
#12
Claudio Di Lorito, Luca Castelletti, Giuseppa Tripi, Maria Gloria Gandellini, Tom Dening, Birgit Völlm
INTRODUCTION: After the recent development of residential units for the execution of security measures managed by the National Health Service and the closing down of forensic psychiatric hospitals, no study has been conducted to investigate the individual experience of aging patients and to assess whether the new service is adequately meeting their needs. We aimed to explore the experience of the service of a sample of patients aged 50 years and above living in one of the Italian residential units for the execution of security measures...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820670/a-retrospective-look-at-the-experience-of-parental-incarceration-and-family-reentry-during-adolescence
#13
Carrie Jefferson Smith, Diane S Young
Few studies provide firsthand experiences of parental incarceration in adolescents' own voices. Fourteen young men and women retrospectively shared their experiences of parental incarceration and family reentry during adolescence. Individual interviews focused on the following qualitative research questions: (1) What is the experience of parental incarceration and reentry for adolescents? (2) How does the child-parent relationship change from pre- to postincarceration? Relationships with incarcerated parents tended toward estrangement...
August 18, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820667/helping-young-people-stay-afloat-a-qualitative-study-of-community-resources-and-supports-for-lgbtq-adolescents-in-the-us-and-canada
#14
Marla E Eisenberg, Christopher J Mehus, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Heather L Corliss, Amy L Gower, Richard Sullivan, Carolyn M Porta
LGBTQ youth are at increased risk of poor health outcomes. This qualitative study gathered data from LGBTQ adolescents regarding their communities and describes the resources they draw upon for support. We conducted 66 go-along interviews with diverse LGBTQ adolescents (mean age = 16.6) in Minnesota, Massachusetts and British Columbia in 2014-2015, in which interviewers accompanied participants in their communities to better understand those contexts. Their responses were systematically organized and coded for common themes, reflecting levels of the social ecological model...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820621/-doctors-killed-my-baby-argumentative-patterns-in-medical-disputes-in-china
#15
Dawei Pan
The recent surge in medical disputes requires that more attention be paid to the voices of laypeople. This article explores the argumentative nature of the public discourse of the reported "malpractice mobs" that strive to convince members of the public (in the place of health or legal experts) that they have been victims of medical errors and injustice. This case-based qualitative empirical study uses a pragma-dialectical approach to suggest a prototypical pattern of such public appeals that contains a basic argumentative pattern and various types of extensions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820617/patient-centeredness-in-physiotherapy-what-does-it-entail-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#16
Amarins J Wijma, Anouck N Bletterman, Jacqui R Clark, Sigrid C J M Vervoort, Anneke Beetsma, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul Van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The literature review is aimed at examining and summarizing themes related to patient-centeredness identified in qualitative research from the perspectives of patients and physiotherapists. Following the review, a secondary aim was to synthesize the themes to construct a proposed conceptual framework for utilization within physiotherapy. METHODS: A systematic search of qualitative studies was conducted including all articles up to 2015 September. Methodological quality was examined with a checklist...
August 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820519/how-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-can-strengthen-findings-and-improve-translation-of-research-into-practice-a-case-study
#17
Nadja Klafke, Cornelia Mahler, Cornelia von Hagens, Michel Wensing, Andreas Schneeweiss, Andreas Müller, Joachim Szecsenyi, Stefanie Joos
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To answer how the planned intervention was performed in routine care, which factors supported or distracted from its implementation, and how key organizational structures have been built and sustained.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Mixed-methods process evaluation.
. SETTING: Two German outpatient cancer clinics.
. PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sampling of 297 recruited patients with gynecologic cancer, their treating oncology nurses, and their interprofessional healthcare team, and the clinical stakeholders of two different outpatient cancer clinics...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820515/the-role-of-oncology-nurses-in-discussing-clinical-trials
#18
Susan A Flocke, Elizabeth Antognoli, Barbara J Daly, Brigid Jackson, Sarah E Fulton, Tasnuva M Liu, Jessica Surdam, Sharon Manne, Neal J Meropol
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe oncology nurses' experiences discussing clinical trials with their patients, and to assess barriers to these discussions.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: A qualitative study designed to elicit narratives from oncology nurses. 
. SETTING: Community- and academic-based oncology clinics throughout the United States.
. PARTICIPANTS: 33 oncology nurses involved in direct patient care in community-based and large hospital-based settings...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820435/healthy-ageing-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-from-managers-perspective-a-qualitative-study
#19
Maria Johansson, Petra Björne, Ingrid Runesson, Gerd Ahlström
An increasing number of people with intellectual disability (ID) are reaching older ages today although they experience more health problems than the older population without ID. Leaders in intellectual disability services can greatly influence the conditions for a healthy ageing, and the aim of the present study was to explore healthy ageing in this group from the perspective of the leaders. Interviews with 20 leaders were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The findings gave rise to the overall theme ageing in dependence, which emerged from the following six categories: Supporting self-determination; Inaccessible activities after retirement; Signs of decline; Increased and specific needs for support and care; A non-question of gender; Aspects concerning the end of life and death...
August 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820340/effect-of-support-supervision-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-and-practices-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#20
Angela N Kisakye, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, John Bua, Martha Akulume, Gertrude Namazzi, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Support supervision is one of the strategies used to check the quality of services provided at health facilities. From 2013 to 2015, Makerere University School of Public Health strengthened support supervision in the district of Kibuku, Kamuli and Pallisa in Eastern Uganda to improve the quality of maternal and newborn services. OBJECTIVE: This article assesses quality improvements in maternal and newborn care services and practices during this period...
August 2017: Global Health Action
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