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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052943/towards-a-capability-approach-to-child-growth-a-theoretical-framework
#1
Hinke Haisma, Sepideh Yousefzadeh, Pieter Boele Van Hensbroek
Child malnutrition is an important cause of under-5 mortality and morbidity around the globe. Despite the partial success of (inter)national efforts to reduce child mortality, under-5 mortality rates continue to be high. The multidimensional approaches of the Sustainable Development Goals may suggest new directions for rethinking strategies for reducing child mortality and malnutrition. We propose a theoretical framework for developing a "capability" approach to child growth. The current child growth monitoring practices are based on 2 assumptions: (a) that anthropometric and motor development measures are the appropriate indicators; and (b) that child growth can be assessed using a single universal standard that is applicable around the world...
October 20, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050657/b-more-fit-for-healthy-babies-using-trauma-informed-care-policies-to-improve-maternal-health-in-baltimore-city
#2
Stacey G Tuck, Amber C Summers, Janice Bowie, Donnica Fife-Stallworth, Chase Alston, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: Pregnant obese women have an increased risk for infant mortality and poor maternal outcomes. Environmental and social conditions pose barriers for less-advantaged overweight women to participate in weight loss interventions. The B'more Fit for Healthy Babies Program aimed to address existing gender inequities that persist where exposure to community-level trauma is present. METHODS: A gender-based analysis using qualitative and quantitative approaches informed B'more Fit's intervention and identified opportunities for trauma-informed care policies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049913/social-class-and-policy-preferences-implications-for-economic-inequality-and-interclass-relations
#3
REVIEW
Heather E Bullock
Record-setting levels of income and wealth inequality are deepening social class divisions. The adoption of strong progressive redistributive policies is crucial to reducing class inequities, yet many barriers to doing so exist. This review examines class-based policy preferences, focusing on the effects of economic self-interest, system justification, and classist, racist, and sexist stereotypes on policy support. The impact of broader economic conditions is also considered. Collectively, this body of research makes clear that building stronger cross-class support for redistributive policies and programs will prove difficult without addressing both class-based power differences and beliefs that justify inequality...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048726/trends-in-inequalities-in-child-stunting-in-south-asia
#4
Aditi Krishna, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Mark McGovern, Victor Aguayo, S V Subramanian
We analysed socio-economic inequalities in stunting in South Asia and investigated disparities associated with factors at the individual, caregiver, and household levels (poor dietary diversity, low maternal education, and household poverty). We used time-series analysis of data from 55,459 children ages 6-23 months from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan (1991-2014). Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and place of residency, examined associations between stunting and multiple types of socio-economic disadvantage...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048447/strategies-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-urban-areas-the-erice-50-charter
#5
D D'Alessandro, S Arletti, A Azara, M Buffoli, L Capasso, A Cappuccitti, A Casuccio, A Cecchini, G Costa, A M De Martino, M Dettori, E Di Rosa, G M Fara, M Ferrante, G Giammanco, A Lauria, G Melis, U Moscato, I Oberti, C Patrizio, M G Petronio, A Rebecchi, V Romano Spica, G Settimo, C Signorelli, S Capolongo
The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI)...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048337/paid-sick-leave-and-risks-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-among-adult-workers-in-the-usa
#6
Daniel Kim
Background: The USA is one of only a few advanced economies globally that does not guarantee its workers paid sick leave. While there are plausible reasons why paid sick leave may be linked to mortality, little is known empirically about this association. Methods: In a pooled USA nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 57,323 working adults aged 18-85 years from the National Health Interview Surveys 2000-2002, paid sick leave was examined as a predictor of all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the impact of paid sick leave on mortality...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047362/the-greenh-city-interventional-research-protocol-on-health-in-all-policies
#7
Marion Porcherie, Zoé Vaillant, Emmannuelle Faure, Stéphane Rican, Jean Simos, Nicola Luca Cantoreggi, Zoé Heritage, Anne Roue Le Gall, Linda Cambon, Thierno Amadou Diallo, Eva Vidales, Jeanine Pommier
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the research protocol of the GoveRnance for Equity, EnviroNment and Health in the City (GREENH-City) project funded by the National Institute for Cancer (Subvention N°2017-003-INCA). In France, health inequities have tended to increase since the late 1980s. Numerous studies show the influence of social, economic, geographic and political determinants on health inequities across the life course. Exposure to environmental factors is uneven across the population and may impact on health and health inequities...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046278/incidence-clinical-management-and-mortality-risk-following-self-harm-among-children-and-adolescents-cohort-study-in-primary-care
#8
Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Jonathan Green, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M Ashcroft
Objectives To examine temporal trends in sex and age specific incidence of self harm in children and adolescents, clinical management patterns, and risk of cause specific mortality following an index self harm episode at a young age.Design Population based cohort study.Setting UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink-electronic health records from 647 general practices, with practice level deprivation measured ecologically using the index of multiple deprivation. Patients from eligible English practices were linked to hospital episode statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality records...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046028/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-throughout-the-life-cycle-in-argentina
#9
Juan Carlos Ivancevich, Hugo Neffen, Mario E Zernotti, Estrella Asayag, Ariel Blua, Alberto Cicerán, Edgardo J Jares, Alberto J Lavrut, Jorge F Máspero, Ioana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, Giorgio W Canonica, Thomas B Casale, Álvaro A Cruz, Wytske J Fokkens, Peter W Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The ARIA initiative was started during a World Health Organization workshop in 1999. The initial goals were to propose a new classification for allergic rhinitis, to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and to develop guidelines with stakeholders for world-wide use. ARIA is now focused on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine. MASK: MACVIA-Aria Sentinel Network uses mobile technology to develop care pathways that enable management by a multidisciplinary group or by patients themselves...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042848/integrated-diabetes-care-delivered-by-patients-a-case-study-from-bulgaria
#11
Verena Struckmann, Francesco Barbabella, Antoniya Dimova, Ewout van Ginneken
INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of persons are living with multiple chronic diseases and unmet medical needs in Bulgaria. The Bulgarian 'Diabetic care' non-profit (DCNPO) programme aims to provide comprehensive integrated care focusing on people with diabetes and their co-morbidities. METHODS: The DCNPO programme was selected as one of eight 'high potential' programmes in the Innovating Care for People with Multiple Chronic Conditions (ICARE4EU) project, covering 31 European countries...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041820/applying-the-icf-linking-rules-to-compare-population-based-data-from-different-sources-an-exemplary-analysis-of-tools-used-to-collect-information-on-disability
#12
Lenildo de Moura, Wederson Rufino Dos Santos, Shamyr Sulyvan de Castro, Elizabeth Ito, Danilo Campos da Luz E Silva, Renata Tiene de Carvalho Yokota, Zohra Abaakouk, Heleno Rodrigues Corrêa Filho, Marco Antonio Gomes Pérez, Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Carla Sabariego
BACKGROUND: Data on disability are regularly collected by different institutions or ministries using specific tools for different purposes, for instance to estimate the prevalence of disability or eligibility of specific populations for social benefits. The interoperability of disability data collected in countries is essential for policy making and to monitor the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The first objective of this paper is to map and compare tools that collect data on disability for different purposes, more specifically the Brazilian National Health Survey and the Brazilian Functioning Index to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank Model Disability Survey (MDS), currently recommended as a standard tool for disability measurement...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040623/socio-economic-trajectories-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-older-people-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#13
Silvia Stringhini, Paola Zaninotto, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimäki, Camille Lassale, G David Batty
Background: Socio-economic status from early life has been linked to cardiovascular disease risk, but the impact of life-course socio-economic trajectories, as well as the mechanisms underlying social inequalities in cardiovascular disease risk, is uncertain. Objectives: We assessed the role of behavioural, psychosocial and physiological (including inflammatory) factors in the association between life-course socio-economic status and cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#14
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039705/research-on-web-search-behavior-how-online-query-data-inform-social-psychology
#15
Kaisheng Lai, Yan Xin Lee, Hao Chen, Rongjun Yu
The widespread use of web searches in daily life has allowed researchers to study people's online social and psychological behavior. Using web search data has advantages in terms of data objectivity, ecological validity, temporal resolution, and unique application value. This review integrates existing studies on web search data that have explored topics including sexual behavior, suicidal behavior, mental health, social prejudice, social inequality, public responses to policies, and other psychosocial issues...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039236/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-a-comparative-cross-national-study-among-32-560-nordic-adolescents
#16
Torbjørn Torsheim, Jens M Nygren, Mette Rasmussen, Arsæll M Arnarsson, Pernille Bendtsen, Christina W Schnohr, Line Nielsen, Maria Nyholm
AIMS: We aimed to estimate the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health among Nordic adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) using the Family Affluence Scale (a composite measure of material assets) and perceived family wealth as indicators of socioeconomic status. METHODS: Data were collected from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in 2013-2014. A sample of 32,560 adolescents from Denmark, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and Sweden was included in the study...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036885/fairness-and-eligibility-to-long-term-care-an-analysis-of-the-factors-driving-inequality-and-inequity-in-the-use-of-home-care-for-older-europeans
#17
Stefania Ilinca, Ricardo Rodrigues, Andrea E Schmidt
In contrast with the case of health care, distributional fairness of long-term care (LTC) services in Europe has received limited attention. Given the increased relevance of LTC in the social policy agenda it is timely to evaluate the evidence on inequality and horizontal inequity by socio-economic status (SES) in the use of LTC and to identify the socio-economic factors that drive them. We address both aspects and reflect on the sensitivity of inequity estimates to adopting different definitions of legitimate drivers of care need...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036530/what-does-quality-maternity-care-mean-in-a-context-of-medical-pluralism-perspectives-of-women-in-nigeria
#18
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Frederick Wekesah
User priorities regarding quality care in contexts of medical pluralism are poorly documented. Drawing on group and individual interviews with women, we interrogate ideas of quality maternity care in the context of Nigeria's medical pluralism. We found complex utilization patterns for conventional, complementary and alternative maternity care services as well as ideas of quality maternity care that stress effective coordination and integration of different typologies of maternity health services; socially sensitive and truthful providers; and socioeconomic, physical and parochial forms of safety...
October 5, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036185/impact-of-social-inequalities-at-birth-on-the-longevity-of-children-born-1914-1916-a-cohort-study
#19
Nicolas Todd, Sophie Le Fur, Pierre Bougnères, Alain-Jacques Valleron
BACKGROUND: Testing whether familial socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood is a predictor of mortality has rarely been done on historical cohorts. METHODS: The birth certificates of 4,805 individuals born 1914-1916 in 16 districts of the Paris region were retrieved. The handwritten information provided the occupation of parents, the legitimacy status, life events (e.g. marriage, divorce), and the precise date of death when after 1945 (i.e. age 31 years (y) in the cohort)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034668/-health-expectations-of-the-inhabitants-of-a-health-priority-area-a-qualitative-study
#20
Emmanuel Allory, Agnès Banâtre, Eléonore Bourbonnois, Gaëlle Le Cavil, Bertille Leborgne, Françoise Tattevin, Sidonie Chhor, Laure Fiquet
INTRODUCTION: French law of 4 March 2002 instituted health democracy, making health system users a real partner and active stakeholder in the healthcare system. This role of health system users must be taken into account particularly in health priority areas in order to reduce social inequalities in health. In the context of primary care, multidisciplinary clinics would appear to be ideal places to develop the expression of health democracy. OBJECTIVE: Identify the health expectations of the users of the Villejean clinic (Brittany, France) situated in a health priority area...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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