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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339514/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-in-ukraine-in-2007-the-role-of-psychosocial-material-and-behavioural-factors
#1
Loretta G Platts, Christopher J Gerry
Despite Ukraine's large population, few studies have examined social inequalities in health. This study describes Ukrainian educational inequalities in self-rated health and assesses how far psychosocial, material and behavioural factors account for the education gradient in health. Data were analyzed from the 2007 wave of the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Education was categorized as: lower secondary or less, upper secondary and tertiary. In logistic regressions of 5451 complete cases, stratified by gender, declaring less than average health was regressed on education, before and after adjusting for psychosocial, material and behavioural factors...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332460/framing-the-tax-and-health-nexus-a-neglected-aspect-of-public-health-concern
#2
David Mccoy, Simukai Chigudu, Taavi Tillmann
Previous studies have described various associations between tax policy and health. Here we propose a unifying conceptual framework of 'Five R's' to stimulate awareness about the importance of tax to health improvement. First, tax can improve representation and democratic accountability, and help make governments more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Second, tax can create a revenue stream for a universal pool of public finance for health care and other public services. Third, progressive taxation when combined with appropriate public spending can help redistribute wealth and income and mitigate social and health inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326031/can-neuromodulation-also-enhance-social-inequality-some-possible-indirect-interventions-of-the-state
#3
Andrea Lavazza
There is evidence that noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and especially transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), can improve some cognitive functions, at least temporarily. However, as the improvement only applies to some "lucky" people, it may raise ethical, social and legal issues related to fairness in selective contexts (exams, competitions, job interviews). In this regard, an important element tends to be overlooked: the variability in individual response to tDCS in particular. If intensive study or practice and massive doses of chemical enhancers can have slightly different effects over different people, tDCS can sometimes be completely ineffective...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325664/-inequities-in-health-socio-demographic-and-spatial-analysis-of-breast-cancer-in-women-from-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#4
Natalia Tumas, Sonia Alejandra Pou, Maria Del Pilar Diaz
OBJECTIVE: To identify sociodemographic determinants associated with the spatial distribution of the breast cancer incidence in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, in order to reveal underlying social inequities. METHOD: An ecological study was developed in Córdoba (26 counties as geographical units of analysis). The spatial autocorrelation of the crude and standardised incidence rates of breast cancer, and the sociodemographic indicators of urbanization, fertility and population ageing were estimated using Moran's index...
March 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325245/south-east-asia-differing-socioeconomic-factors-differing-access-to-radiotherapy-the-philippines-a-microcosm
#5
REVIEW
Miriam Joy C Calaguas, Johannes A Gubat
The accessibility of radiotherapy in Southeast Asia, a region characterized by diversity in both economy and culture, differ widely among its member countries. In most countries, access is not universal and is generally limited by radiotherapy resources and the health-seeking behavior of patients. This in turn relates to the current health policy in place, the practice of radiation oncology, and cultural factors such as religion and family dynamics. Although it is clear that radiotherapy access parallel economic development, it is also affected by different social factors that work to facilitate or impede its improvement...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323604/why-it-s-unjust-to-expect-location-specific-language-specific-or-population-specific-service-from-students-with-underrepresented-minority-or-low-income-backgrounds
#6
Barret Michalec, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Jon C Tilburt, Frederic W Hafferty
In this case we meet Amanda, a medical student of Native and Latin American ethnicity who receives financial aid. Her friends are surprised by her interest in an elite residency program. They suggest, rather, that with her language skills, ethnic background, and interest in social justice, she has a responsibility to work with underserved patient populations. In our commentary, we consider issues raised by the case and explore Amanda's friends' underlying expectations and assumptions that perpetuate the very inequities that the resolution of the case purports to address...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320597/racial-or-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-adherence-to-national-dietary-guidance-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-pregnant-women
#7
Lisa M Bodnar, Hyagriv N Simhan, Corette B Parker, Heather Meier, Brian M Mercer, William A Grobman, David M Haas, Deborah A Wing, Matthew K Hoffman, Samuel Parry, Robert M Silver, George R Saade, Ronald Wapner, Jay D Iams, Pathik D Wadhwa, Michal Elovitz, Alan M Peaceman, Sean Esplin, Shannon Barnes, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The significance of periconceptional nutrition for optimizing offspring and maternal health and reducing social inequalities warrants greater understanding of diet quality among US women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate racial or ethnic and education inequalities in periconceptional diet quality and sources of energy and micronutrients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be cohort...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319858/identifying-adverse-effects-of-area-based-health-policy-an-ethnographic-study-of-a-deprived-neighbourhood-in-england
#8
Oli Williams
Health interventions commonly have adverse effects. Addressing these could significantly improve health outcomes. This paper addresses an adverse effect common in the promotion of health behaviours: exacerbation of health inequalities between low- and high-socioeconomic groups. Health behaviours - particularly, physical activity - are positioned within the context of social inequality and the inequitable spatial distribution of resources. Area-based health policy that targets deprived areas is assessed for its capacity to promote health behaviours without exacerbating inequality...
March 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316364/the-short-term-impacts-of-development-induced-displacement-on-wealth-and-subjective-well-being-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#9
Heather Randell
Displacement due to development projects such as dams, mines, and urban infrastructure often leads to livelihood decline among affected communities. The challenge, therefore, lies in implementing projects that achieve national or regional development goals while also generating positive social and economic outcomes for displaced populations. This paper uses a longitudinal, mixed-methods design to understand the short-term changes in wealth and subjective well-being of households displaced due to construction of the Belo Monte Dam in the Brazilian Amazon...
November 2016: World Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315179/decrements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-gender-nonconformity-among-u-s-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
Allegra R Gordon, Nancy Krieger, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Sebastien Haneuse, Mihail Samnaliev, Brittany M Charlton, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: Gender nonconformity, that is, transgressing conventionally "masculine" vs. "feminine" characteristics, is often stigmatized. Stigmatization and discrimination are social stressors that raise risk of adverse mental and physical health outcomes and may drive health inequities. However, little is known about the relationship between such social stressors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This paper aimed to examine associations between perceived gender nonconformity and HRQOL in a cohort of U...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314498/exploring-social-justice-in-mixed-divided-cities-from-local-to-global-learning
#11
Corey Shdaimah, Jane Lipscomb, Roni Strier, Dassi Postan-Aizik, Susan Leviton, Jody Olsen
BACKGROUND: University of Haifa and the University of Maryland, Baltimore faculty developed a parallel binational, interprofessional American-Israeli course which explores social justice in the context of increasing urban, local, and global inequities. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the course's innovative approach to critically examine how social justice is framed in mixed/divided cities from different professional perspectives (social work, health, law). Participatory methods such as photo-voice, experiential learning, and theatre of the oppressed provide students with a shared language and multiple media to express and problematize their own and others' understanding of social (in)justice and to imagine social change...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301496/equity-in-healthcare-for-coronary-heart-disease-wales-uk-2004-2010-a-population-based-electronic-cohort-study
#12
William King, Arron Lacey, James White, Daniel Farewell, Frank Dunstan, David Fone
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial falls in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the United Kingdom (UK), marked socioeconomic inequalities in CHD risk factors and CHD mortality persist. We investigated whether inequity in CHD healthcare in Wales (UK) could contribute to the observed social gradient in CHD mortality. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Linking data from primary and secondary care we constructed an electronic cohort of individuals (n = 1199342) with six year follow-up, 2004-2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299257/cleft-lip-and-palate-parental-experiences-of-stigma-discrimination-and-social-structural-inequalities
#13
Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Olutayo James, Azeez Butali
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most common craniofacial birth impairment and one of the most common congenital impairments in humans. Anecdotal evidence suggests that stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities are common "phenomenon" experienced by families of children with CLP in Nigeria. This study aimed to explore the stigmatization, discrimination, and sociocultural inequalities experiences of families with children born with CLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at the surgical outpatient cleft clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298368/building-a-new-life-in-australia-an-analysis-of-the-first-wave-of-the-longitudinal-study-of-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-to-assess-the-association-between-social-integration-and-self-rated-health
#14
Wen Chen, Li Ling, Andre M N Renzaho
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between social integration and physical and mental health among humanitarian migrants (HMs) in Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used the recently released first wave of data from the 2013 'Building a New Life in Australia' survey, which is an ongoing nationwide longitudinal study. A total of 2399 HMs participated in the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-rated physical health was measured using four items selected from the SF-36 which is a generic measure of health status...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298223/migration-to-middle-income-countries-and-tuberculosis-global-policies-for-global-economies
#15
Julia Moreira Pescarini, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, M Gabriela M Gomes, Eliseu Alves Waldman
BACKGROUND: International migration to middle-income countries is increasing and its health consequences, in particular increasing transmission rates of tuberculosis (TB), deserve consideration. Migration and TB are a matter of concern in high-income countries and targeted screening of migrants for active and latent TB infection is a main strategy to manage risk and minimize transmission. In this paper, we discuss some aspects of TB control and migration in the context of middle-income countries, together with the prospect of responding with equitable and comprehensive policies...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297186/the-new-obstetrical-dilemma-stunting-obesity-and-the-risk-of-obstructed-labour
#16
Jonathan C K Wells
The "obstetrical dilemma" refers to the tight fit between maternal pelvic dimensions and neonatal size at delivery. Most interest traditionally focused on its generic significance for humans, for example our neonatal altriciality and our complex and lengthy birth process. Across contemporary populations, however, the obstetrical dilemma manifests substantial variability, illustrated by differences in the incidence of cephalo-pelvic disproportion, obstructed labour and cesarean section. Beyond accounting for 12% of maternal mortality worldwide, obstructed labour also imposes a huge burden of maternal morbidity, in particular through debilitating birth injuries...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296975/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-in-the-context-of-multimorbidity-a-korean-panel-study
#17
Myung Ki, Yo Han Lee, Yong-Soo Kim, Ji-Yeon Shin, Jiseun Lim, James Nazroo
Socioeconomic inequalities in health are commonly known to decrease at late age. Yet, it remains unclear whether socioeconomic inequalities in health at late age appear in relation to multimorbidity, particularly in Korea where social support remains unsatisfactory for older people. Using three waves of Korea Health Panel, data of 19,942 observations with repeated measure were constructed to ensure a temporal sequence between three socioeconomic measures (i.e., poverty, employment status, and education) and multimorbidity with a t to t+1 year transition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295883/social-and-material-aspects-of-life-and-their-impact-on-the-physical-health-of-people-diagnosed-with-mental-illness
#18
Stephanie B Ewart, Brenda Happell, Julia Bocking, Chris Platania-Phung, Robert Stanton, Brett Scholz
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with mental illness have shorter lives and poorer physical health, compared to the general population. These health inequities are usually viewed at an individual and clinical level, yet there is little research on the views of mental health consumers on clinical factors in broader contexts. OBJECTIVE: To elicit the views of consumers of mental health services regarding their physical health and experiences of accessing physical health-care services...
March 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295294/catching-up-with-wonderful-women-the-women-are-wonderful-effect-is-smaller-in-more-gender-egalitarian-societies
#19
Kuba Krys, Colin A Capaldi, Wijnand van Tilburg, Ottmar V Lipp, Michael Harris Bond, C-Melanie Vauclair, L Sam S Manickam, Alejandra Domínguez-Espinosa, Claudio Torres, Vivian Miu-Chi Lun, Julien Teyssier, Lynden K Miles, Karolina Hansen, Joonha Park, Wolfgang Wagner, Angela Arriola Yu, Cai Xing, Ryan Wise, Chien-Ru Sun, Razi Sultan Siddiqui, Radwa Salem, Muhammad Rizwan, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Martin Nader, Fridanna Maricchiolo, María Malbran, Gwatirera Javangwe, İdil Işık, David O Igbokwe, Taekyun Hur, Arif Hassan, Ana Gonzalez, Márta Fülöp, Patrick Denoux, Enila Cenko, Ana Chkhaidze, Eleonora Shmeleva, Radka Antalíková, Ramadan A Ahmed
Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies-there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect-that women are evaluated more positively than men overall-is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294392/cost-effectiveness-of-population-based-community-workplace-and-individual-policies-for-diabetes-prevention-in-the-uk
#20
P R Breeze, C Thomas, H Squires, A Brennan, C Greaves, P Diggle, E Brunner, A Tabak, L Preston, J Chilcott
AIM: To analyse the cost-effectiveness of different interventions for Type 2 diabetes prevention. within a common framework METHODS: A micro-simulation model was developed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a range of diabetes prevention interventions including: (1) soft drinks taxation; (2) retail policy in socially deprived areas; (3) workplace intervention; (4) community-based intervention; and (5) screening and intensive lifestyle intervention in individuals with high diabetes risk...
March 10, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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