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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668067/social-inequality-in-cancer-survivors-health-behaviours-a-danish-population-based-study
#1
K Friis, F B Larsen, C V Nielsen, A-M H Momsen, C M Stapelfeldt
The aim of this study was to compare health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet), to explore social inequality in these behaviours among cancer survivors and individuals with no history of cancer, respectively, and to study the impact of time since diagnosis on cancer survivors' health behaviours. Data from the Danish National Health Survey from 2013 were linked with data from the Danish Cancer Registry to identify all cancer diagnoses among the respondents during the period 1945-2012...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667166/disability-differentials-in-educational-attainment-in-england-primary-and-secondary-effects
#2
Stella Chatzitheochari, Lucinda Platt
Childhood disability has been largely overlooked in social stratification and life course research. As a result, we know remarkably little about mechanisms behind well-documented disability differentials in educational outcomes. This study investigates educational transitions of disabled youth using data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. We draw on social stratification literature on primary and secondary effects as well as that on stigma and labelling in order to explain disabled young people's educational outcomes...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665834/inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-risk-factors-in-sri-lanka-a-lower-middle-income-country
#3
Ambepitiyawaduge Pubudu De Silva, Sudirikku Hennadige Padmal De Silva, Rashan Haniffa, Isurujith Kongala Liyanage, Saroj Jayasinghe, Prasad Katulanda, Chandrika Neelakanthi Wijeratne, Sumedha Wijeratne, Lalini Chandika Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: Explorations into quantifying the inequalities for diabetes mellitus (DM) and its risk factors are scarce in low and lower middle income countries (LICs/LMICs). The aims of this study were to assess the inequalities of DM and its risk factors in a suburban district of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A sample of 1300 participants, (aged 35-64 years) randomly selected using a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method, were studied employing a cross sectional descriptive design...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659347/social-justice-at-the-core-of-breastfeeding-protection-promotion-and-support-a-conceptualization
#4
Paige Hall Smith
Despite widespread awareness of the health benefits for both mothers and babies we are far from achieving universal breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates globally are lower than recommended levels and there are concerns that some global breastfeeding efforts have stalled (1, 2). In addition, we see persistent disparities in breastfeeding rates by race, ethnicity, class and status (3). A growing literature documents how a range of injustices, including gender inequality (7), racism (8), poverty (9), and violence (10, 11) shape whether, how exclusive, and for how long mothers and others will be able to breastfeed or feed their infants human milk...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659180/envisioning-democracy-participatory-filmmaking-with-homeless-youth
#5
Jacqueline Kennelly
This paper explores the democratic potential for participatory filmmaking with homeless youth, as well as the constraints and dilemmas associated with this visual method. Theorizing democracy through the work of Hannah Arendt and Pierre Bourdieu, the paper approaches democracy not as an end, but rather as a process that seeks to lessen social injustice. Bourdieu's work helps us appreciate, however, that this process is constrained by structures of inequality that shape access to the political dispositions that enable such engagement...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657353/categorical-inequality-schools-as-sorting-machines
#6
Thurston Domina, Andrew Penner, Emily Penner
Despite their egalitarian ethos, schools are social sorting machines, creating categories that serve as the foundation of later life inequalities. In this review, we apply the theory of categorical inequality to education, focusing particularly on contemporary American schools. We discuss the range of categories that schools create, adopt, and reinforce, as well as the mechanisms through which these categories contribute to production of inequalities within schools and beyond. We argue that this categorical inequality frame helps to resolve a fundamental tension in the sociology of education and inequality, shedding light on how schools can-at once-be egalitarian institutions and agents of inequality...
July 2017: Annual Review of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657340/critical-consciousness-a-critique-and-critical-analysis-of-the-literature
#7
Alexis Jemal
The education system has been heralded as a tool of liberation and simultaneously critiqued as a tool of social control to maintain the oppressive status quo. Critical consciousness (CC), developed by the Brazilian educator, Paulo Freire, advanced an educational pedagogy to liberate the masses from systemic inequity maintained and perpetuated by process, practices and outcomes of interdependent systems and institutions. If people are not aware of inequity and do not act to constantly resist oppressive norms and ways of being, then the result is residual inequity in perpetuity...
November 2017: Urban Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656703/the-ethics-of-concurrent-care-for-children-a-social-justice-perspective
#8
Kim Mooney-Doyle, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Lisa C Lindley
Recent estimates indicate that over 40,000 children die annually in the United States and a majority have life-limiting conditions. Children at end of life require extensive healthcare resources, including multiple hospital readmissions and emergency room visits. Yet, many children still suffer from symptoms at end of life-including fatigue, pain, dyspnea, and anxiety-with less than 10% of these children utilizing hospice care services. A critical barrier to pediatric hospice use was the original federal regulations associated with the hospice care that required a diagnosis of 6 months to live and the discontinuation of all curative treatments...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652958/-hpv-vaccine-implementation-in-chile-an-appraisal-from-the-social-determinants-of-health-model
#9
Loreto Fernández González
Cervical cancer is the fourth most common neoplasm in women worldwide and its incidence is associated with profound social inequities. In Chile, it is the second cause of death in women of reproductive age. The Chilean clinical guideline identifies the vaccine against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) as the main preventive measure. Since 2014, the Ministry of Health has implemented free immunization against HPV for girls and female adolescents. This article critically analyzes this public policy from the viewpoint of health equity, using as framework the Social Determinants of Health Model...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650217/effect-of-logo-therapy-acceptance-commitment-therapy-family-psychoeducation-on-self-stigma-and-depression-on-housewives-living-with-hiv-aids
#10
Titi Sri Suyanti, Budi Anna Keliat, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
OBJECTIVE: Self-stigma in people living with HIV/AIDS is a survival mechanism to protect themselves from external stigma. Stigma and discrimination in people living with HIV/AIDS can lead to inequality in social life. This inequality can cause inferiority complex, preoccupation, and denial of diagnosis, which correlates with the onset of depression. This study aims to determine the effect of logotherapy, commitment acceptance therapy, and family psychoeducation on self-stigma and depression on housewives living with HIV/AIDS...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650013/life-expectancy-inequalities-in-the-elderly-by-socioeconomic-status-evidence-from-italy
#11
Carlo Lallo, Michele Raitano
BACKGROUND: Life expectancy considerably increased in most developed countries during the twentieth century. However, the increase in longevity is neither uniform nor random across individuals belonging to various socioeconomic groups. From an economic policy perspective, the difference in mortality by socioeconomic conditions challenges the fairness of the social security systems. We focus on the case of Italy and aim at measuring differences in longevity at older ages by individuals belonging to different socioeconomic groups, also in order to assess the effective fairness of the Italian public pension system, which is based on a notional defined contribution (NDC) benefit computation formula, whose rules do not take into account individual heterogeneity in expected longevity...
April 12, 2018: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644562/exacerbating-inequalities-health-policy-and-the-behavioural-sciences
#12
Kathryn MacKay, Muireann Quigley
There have been calls for some time for a new approach to public health in the United Kingdom and beyond. This is consequent on the recognition and acceptance that health problems often have a complex and multi-faceted aetiology. At the same time, policies which utilise insights from research in behavioural economics and psychology ('behavioural science') have gained prominence on the political agenda. The relationship between the social determinants of health (SDoH) and behavioural science in health policy has not hitherto been explored...
April 11, 2018: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643942/congregational-composition-and-explanations-for-racial-inequality-among-black-religious-affiliates
#13
Ryon J Cobb, Dilara K Üsküp, Steven Jefferson
Objective: Prior research suggests that congregational characteristics are associated with the racial attitudes of Black churchgoers. This study examines the relationship between congregational diversity and beliefs about the Black/White socioeconomic gap among Black religious adherents. Method: Drawing upon pooled data from the General Social Survey and the National Congregations Study, we fit binary logistic regression models to estimate the association between congregational size and the explanations of Black/White economic inequality among Black religious adherents...
June 2017: Race and Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#14
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629392/empowerment-of-women-and-mental-health-improvement-with-a-preventive-approach
#15
Shahin Shooshtari, M R Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Mental health and empowerment are two of the women's essential needs. These two related concepts play an important role in women's lives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate empowerment of women and its relation with mental health problem prevention during difficult situations. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in the fields of psychology, social sciences, women studies, medicine and crisis management specialists using snowball sampling in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Mashhad during the year 1395 (March 2016-March 2017)...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628283/weathering-the-storm-a-review-of-pre-pregnancy-stress-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion
#16
REVIEW
Tyralynn Frazier, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Elizabeth A Bonney, Kathryn M Yount, Brad D Pearce
The Weathering Effect is a theory that links stress exposure, over the life-course, with racial disparities in reproductive outcomes, through the effects of social adversity on a woman's body. The concept of maternal "weathering" captures cumulative somatic and psychological adversities that can exacerbate the effects of aging. Much of the evidence for weathering comes from observational studies linking self-report measures with reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this review is to explore biological mechanisms that underlie these observations...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627805/social-relationships-and-gp-use-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-europe-a-moderator-analysis
#17
Daniel Bremer, Daniel Lüdecke, Nico Vonneilich, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates (1) how social relationships (SRs) relate to the frequency of general practitioner (GP) visits among middle-aged and older adults in Europe, (2) if SRs moderate the association between self-rated health and GP visits, and (3) how the associations vary regarding employment status. METHODS: Data stem from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe project (wave 4, 56 989 respondents, 50 years or older). GP use was assessed by frequency of contacts with GPs in the last 12 months...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627160/tackling-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-under-the-sustainable-development-agenda
#18
REVIEW
Louis W Niessen, Diwakar Mohan, Jonathan K Akuoku, Andrew J Mirelman, Sayem Ahmed, Tracey P Koehlmoos, Antonio Trujillo, Jahangir Khan, David H Peters
Five Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set targets that relate to the reduction of health inequalities nationally and worldwide. These targets are poverty reduction, health and wellbeing for all, equitable education, gender equality, and reduction of inequalities within and between countries. The interaction between inequalities and health is complex: better economic and educational outcomes for households enhance health, low socioeconomic status leads to chronic ill health, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) reduce income status of households...
April 4, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626718/does-the-ethno-religious-diversity-of-a-neighbourhood-affect-the-perceived-health-of-its-residents
#19
Kenisha Russell Jonsson, Neli Demireva
Concerns about the diversification of Britain, and its impact on social capital and health are widely debated. The literature has however produced a fuzzy discourse, full of assumptions and claims that are rarely tested. We attempt to disentangle some of these assumptions by providing empirical evidence on the mediating and moderating influence of inter-ethnic conflict and contact, and examine whether they underlie the erosion of health among minorities and white British respondents residing in diverse local areas...
March 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625599/a-healthy-school-start-plus-for-prevention-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-in-disadvantaged-areas-through-parental-support-in-the-school-setting-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-cluster-randomised-trial
#20
Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Emma Patterson, Gisela Nyberg, Åsa Norman
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews conclude that interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children obtain stronger effects when parents are involved. Parenting practices and parent-child interactions shape children's health-related behaviours. The Healthy School Start Plus intervention aims to promote healthy dietary habits and physical activity and prevent obesity in children through parental support in disadvantaged areas with increased health needs, delivered by teachers and school nurses...
April 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
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