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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545031/sociodemographic-and-economic-factors-are-associated-with-weight-gain-between-before-and-after-cancer-diagnosis-results-from-the-prospective-population-based-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#1
Philippine Fassier, Laurent Zelek, Patrick Bachmann, Marina Touillaud, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Valentin Partula, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Patrice Cohen, Hélène Hoarau, Paule Latino-Martel, Bernard Srour, Rebeca Gonzalez, Mélanie Deschasaux, Mathilde Touvier
PURPOSE: While many cancer patients are affected by weight loss, others tend to gain weight, which may impact prognosis and risk of recurrence and of second cancer. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate weight variation between before and after cancer diagnosis and socio-demographic, economic, lifestyle and clinical factors associated with moderate-to-severe weight gain. METHODS: 1051 incident cases of first primary cancer were diagnosed in the NutriNet-Santé cohort between 2009 and 2015...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544871/signs-of-social-class-the-experience-of-economic-inequality-in-everyday-life
#2
Michael W Kraus, Jun Won Park, Jacinth J X Tan
By some accounts, global economic inequality is at its highest point on record. The pernicious effects of this broad societal trend are striking: Rising inequality is linked to poorer health and well-being across countries, continents, and cultures. The economic and psychological forces that perpetuate inequality continue to be studied, and in this theoretical review, we examine the role of daily experiences of economic inequality-the communication of social class signals between interaction partners-in this process...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544421/japan-s-115-year-trend-of-inter-prefectural-disparities-in-under-five-mortality
#3
Chie Nagata, Akinori Moriichi, Naho Morisaki, Ruoyan Gai-Tobe, Akira Ishiguro, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Child poverty is a growing, serious issue in Japan, where various social disparities are widening. Numerous reports have focused on the relationship between social inequity and health. However, few studies have assessed how the overall magnitude of disparities in child health has changed over the course of drastic social and economic transitions from 1899 to more recent times. In this study, we assessed the trend of the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) and its inter-prefectural disparities in Japan...
May 23, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541537/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-adult-mortality-in-a-developing-country-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-longitudinal-survey-of-indonesian-adults
#4
Nikkil Sudharsanan
Objectives: To estimate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and adult mortality in Indonesia and determine the contribution of adult behavioral risk factors to SES differences in mortality. Methods: Discrete failure-time regression models and period life tables were used to estimate life expectancy at age 30 (e30) across wealth and consumption groups by sex and urban/rural residence. Results: For urban men, e30 increases by an average of 1...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#5
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540592/-assistance-nursing-and-participation-in-old-age-future-of-domestic-care-in-cases-of-care-dependency
#6
REVIEW
Josefine Heusinger, Kerstin Hämel, Susanne Kümpers
The future development of home care services for older people in need of care is associated with great challenges. This article begins with a brief summary of the most urgent care problems from the perspective of people requiring care and that of caring relatives. The problems exhibit social and spatial inequalities and are characterized by coordination problems within a fragmented organizational system. Calls for a viable "care mix" are nothing new but have recently gained considerable traction under the label of "caring communities"...
May 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540259/conceptual-models-of-social-determinants-of-health-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Sayyed Morteza Hosseini Shokouh, Mohammad Arab, Sara Emamgholipour, Arash Rashidian, Ali Montazeri, Rouhollah Zaboli
BACKGROUND: There are several conflicting conceptual models to explain social determinants of health (SDH) as responsible for most health inequalities. This study aimed to present these models in historical perspective and provide main component of SDH models as an SES indicators. METHODS: This was a narrative study using international databases to retrieve literature dealing with conceptual models of SDH. All publication in English language until Mar 2015 was included...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539109/persistent-social-inequality-in-life-expectancy-and-disability-free-life-expectancy-outlook-for-a-differential-pension-age-in-denmark
#8
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Mette Lindholm Eriksen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Bernard Jeune
AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education. METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537210/demographic-characteristics-of-australian-health-consumers-who-were-early-registrants-for-opt-in-personally-controlled-electronic-health-records
#9
Emma Torrens, Sue M Walker
BACKGROUND: Differential uptake of, or access to, personal electronic health records (PEHRs) has the potential to impact on health disparities among certain social groups. In 2012, the Australian Government introduced the Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record (PCEHR), an opt-in system operated by the then National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA). In July 2016, the My Health Record (MyHR), an opt-out model, operated by the Australian Digital Health Agency replaced the PCEHR, providing additional support for consumers...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535751/socioeconomic-inequality-in-clusters-of-health-related-behaviours-in-europe-latent-class-analysis-of-a-cross-sectional-european-survey
#10
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
BACKGROUND: Modifiable health-related behaviours tend to cluster among most vulnerable sectors of the population, particularly those at the bottom of the social hierarchy. This study aimed to identify the clusters of health-related behaviours in 27 European countries and to examine the socioeconomic inequalities in these clusters. METHODS: Data were from Eurobarometer 72.3-2009, a cross-sectional survey of 27 European countries. The analyses were conducted in 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535745/expanding-beyond-individualism-engaging-critical-perspectives-on-occupation
#11
Alison J Gerlach, Gail Teachman, Debbie Laliberte-Rudman, Rebecca M Aldrich, Suzanne Huot
BACKGROUND: Perspectives that individualize occupation are poorly aligned with socially responsive and transformative occupation-focused research, education, and practice. Their predominant use in occupational therapy risks the perpetuation, rather than resolution, of occupational inequities. AIM: In this paper, we problematize taken-for-granted individualistic analyses of occupation and illustrate how critical theoretical perspectives can reveal the ways in which structural factors beyond an individual's immediate control and environment shape occupational possibilities and occupational engagement...
May 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#12
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531560/uneasy-encounters-youth-social-dis-comfort-and-the-autistic-self
#13
Edmund Coleman-Fountain
Notions of deficit and 'faultiness' shape depictions of the association between autism and uneasy social relationships. That framing has been the focus of critique by autistic activists and scholars who, exploring autistic people's sociality, reframe issues of social difficulty in terms of inequality and discomfort. Located within this set of debates, the article analyses data from a UK based study of mental health narratives derived from semi-structured interviews with 19 autistic young adults aged 23 to 24...
May 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531228/cultural-values-and-cross-cultural-video-consumption-on-youtube
#14
Minsu Park, Jaram Park, Young Min Baek, Michael Macy
Video-sharing social media like YouTube provide access to diverse cultural products from all over the world, making it possible to test theories that the Web facilitates global cultural convergence. Drawing on a daily listing of YouTube's most popular videos across 58 countries, we investigate the consumption of popular videos in countries that differ in cultural values, language, gross domestic product, and Internet penetration rate. Although online social media facilitate global access to cultural products, we find this technological capability does not result in universal cultural convergence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529392/school-composition-school-culture-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-young-people-s-health-multi-level-analysis-of-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-survey-in-wales
#15
Graham F Moore, Hannah J Littlecott, Rhiannon Evans, Simon Murphy, Gillian Hewitt, Adam Fletcher
Health inequalities emerge during childhood and youth, before widening in adulthood. Theorising, testing and interrupting the mechanisms through which inequalities are perpetuated and sustained is vital. Schools are viewed as settings through which inequality in young people's health may be addressed, but few studies examine the social processes via which institutional structures reproduce or mitigate health inequalities. Informed by Markham and Aveyard's theory of human functioning and school organisation, including their concept of institutional boundaries, critical theories of marketisation and the concept of micro-political practices within schools, this paper presents analysis of student survey data (N = 9055) from 82 secondary schools in Wales...
April 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528245/can-inequality-be-tamed-through-boundary-work-a-qualitative-study-of-health-promotion-aimed-at-reducing-health-inequalities
#16
Pia Vivian Pedersen, Ulf Hjelmar, Mette Terp Høybye, Morten Hulvej Rod
This paper examines the organisational dynamics that arise in health promotion aimed at reducing health inequalities. The paper draws on ethnographic fieldwork among public health officers in Danish municipalities and qualitative interviews from an evaluation of health promotion programmes targeting homeless and other marginalised citizens. Analytically, we focus on 'boundary work', i.e. the ways in which social and symbolic boundaries are established, maintained, transgressed and negotiated, both at the administrative level and among frontline professionals...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527952/community-gardening-in-poor-neighborhoods-in-france-a-way-to-re-think-food-practices
#17
Pauline Martin, Jean-Noël Consalès, Pascale Scheromm, Paul Marchand, Florence Ghestem, Nicole Darmon
Social inequalities in diet are attributed to sociocultural determinants, economic constraints, and unequal access to healthy food. Fruits and vegetables are lacking in the diets of disadvantaged populations. The objective was to test the hypothesis that, in poor neighborhoods, community gardeners will have larger supply of healthy food, especially fruit and vegetables, than non-gardeners. We examined community gardens from the perspective of production, economics and nutrition, and social and symbolic dimensions, through multidisciplinary investigations involving women with access to a community garden plot in a poor neighborhood of Marseille, France...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527626/the-impact-of-economic-conditions-on-the-disablement-process-a-markov-transition-approach-using-share-data
#18
Y Arrighi, T Rapp, N Sirven
A growing number of studies underline the relationship between socioeconomic status and health at older ages. Following that literature, we explore the impact of economic conditions on changes in functional health overtime. Frailty, a state of physiological instability, has been identified in the public health literature as a candidate for disability prevention but received little attention from health economists. Using SHARE panel data, respondents aged 50 and over from ten European countries were categorised as robust, frail and dependent...
May 10, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521753/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-neonatal-and-postneonatal-mortality-evidence-from-rural-iran-1998-2013
#19
Alireza Khajavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mina Dehghani, Shohreh Naderimagham
BACKGROUND: Over the past three decades, interventions have been implemented to reduce childhood mortality in Iran. Despite declines in overall mortality rates, inequalities in mortality across socioeconomic groups have remained unchanged. In this study, we assessed inequalities in infant mortality in rural regions of Iran. METHODS: We obtained data from the Iranian vital registration system, which includes data on 5,626,158 live births, 79,457 neonatal deaths, and 36,397 postneonatal deaths in rural areas of Iran over the course of a 16-year period, which was then divided into 4 four-year intervals...
May 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516263/-social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-back-pain-among-adults-in-germany
#20
Benjamin Kuntz, Jens Hoebel, Judith Fuchs, Hanne Neuhauser, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a common cause for health care utilization and inability to work and associated with corresponding costs. The aim of the study was to investigate socioeconomic inequalities in chronic back pain in the adult general population. METHODS: The analyses were based on pooled data of three waves (2009, 2010, 2012) of the nationwide German Health Update (GEDA) study carried out by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 62,606 aged 18 years and older)...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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