keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phase coherence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926354/neointimal-coverage-of-jailed-side-branches-in-coronary-bifurcation-lesions-an-optical-coherence-tomography-analysis
#1
Teruyoshi Kume, Ryotaro Yamada, Koyama Terumasa, Tomoko Tamada, Koichiro Imai, Kenzo Fukuhara, Yutaka Goryo, Ai Kawamura, Okamoto Hiroshi, Yoji Neishi, Shiro Uemura
OBJECTIVES: The jailed strut at the side-branch (SB) orifice may be a cause of delayed neointimal coverage and SB flow disturbance after single stenting to bifurcation. The aim of this study was to characterize the exact relationship between the jailed strut pattern at the SB orifice immediately after stent implantation and neointimal coverage of the jailed SB orifice in the chronic phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 29 bifurcation (left anterior descending coronary artery and diagonal branch) lesions treated by optical coherence tomography-guide single-stent implantation and followed at 18 months after a percutaneous coronary intervention were included in this study...
September 18, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926001/ketamine-differential-neurophysiological-dynamics-in-functional-networks-in-the-rat-brain
#2
A Ahnaou, H Huysmans, R Biermans, N V Manyakov, W H I M Drinkenburg
Recently, the N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) antagonist ketamine has emerged as a fast-onset mechanism to achieve antidepressant activity, whereas its psychomimetic, dissociative and amnestic effects have been well documented to pharmacologically model schizophrenia features in rodents. Sleep-wake architecture, neuronal oscillations and network connectivity are key mechanisms supporting brain plasticity and cognition, which are disrupted in mood disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. In rats, we investigated the dynamic effects of acute and chronic subcutaneous administration of ketamine (2...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924261/a-chip-integrated-coherent-photonic-phononic-memory
#3
Moritz Merklein, Birgit Stiller, Khu Vu, Stephen J Madden, Benjamin J Eggleton
Controlling and manipulating quanta of coherent acoustic vibrations-phonons-in integrated circuits has recently drawn a lot of attention, since phonons can function as unique links between radiofrequency and optical signals, allow access to quantum regimes and offer advanced signal processing capabilities. Recent approaches based on optomechanical resonators have achieved impressive quality factors allowing for storage of optical signals. However, so far these techniques have been limited in bandwidth and are incompatible with multi-wavelength operation...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923361/frontoparietal-theta-oscillations-during-proactive-control-are-associated-with-goal-updating-and-reduced-behavioral-variability
#4
Patrick S Cooper, Aaron S W Wong, Montana McKewen, Patricia T Michie, Frini Karayanidis
Low frequency oscillations in the theta range (4-8Hz) are increasingly recognized as having a crucial role in flexible cognition. Such evidence is typically derived from studies in the context of reactive (stimulus-driven) control processes. However, little research has explored the role of theta oscillations in preparatory control processes. In the current study, we explored the extent of theta oscillations during proactive cognitive control and determined if these oscillations were associated with behavior...
September 15, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922535/power-and-coherence-of-cortical-high-frequency-oscillations-during-wakefulness-and-sleep
#5
Matías Cavelli, Daniel Rojas-Líbano, Natalia Schwarzkopf, Santiago Castro-Zaballa, Joaquín Gonzalez, Alejandra Mondino, Noelia Santana, Luciana Benedetto, Atilio Falconi, Pablo Torterolo
Recently, a novel type of fast cortical oscillatory activity that occurs between 110 and 160 Hz (high-frequency oscillations (HFO)) was described. HFO are modulated by the theta rhythm in hippocampus and neocortex during active wakefulness and REM sleep. Since theta-HFO coupling increases during REM, a role for HFO in memory consolidation has been proposed. However, global properties like the cortex-wide topographic distribution, and the cortico-cortical coherence remain unknown. In the present study, we recorded the electroencephalogram during sleep and wakefulness in the rat, and analyzed the spatial extent of the HFO band power and coherence...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920962/coplanar-semiconductor-metal-circuitry-defined-on-few-layer-mote2-via-polymorphic-heteroepitaxy
#6
Ji Ho Sung, Hoseok Heo, Saerom Si, Yong Hyeon Kim, Hyeong Rae Noh, Kyung Song, Juho Kim, Chang-Soo Lee, Seung-Young Seo, Dong-Hwi Kim, Hyoung Kug Kim, Han Woong Yeom, Tae-Hwan Kim, Si-Young Choi, Jun Sung Kim, Moon-Ho Jo
Crystal polymorphism selectively stabilizes the electronic phase of atomically thin transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) as metallic or semiconducting, suggesting the potential to integrate these polymorphs as circuit components in two-dimensional electronic circuitry. Developing a selective and sequential growth strategy for such two-dimensional polymorphs in the vapour phase is a critical step in this endeavour. Here, we report on the polymorphic integration of distinct metallic (1T') and semiconducting (2H) MoTe2 crystals within the same atomic planes by heteroepitaxy...
September 18, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919850/the-detection-of-phase-amplitude-coupling-during-sensory-processing
#7
Robert A Seymour, Gina Rippon, Klaus Kessler
There is increasing interest in understanding how the phase and amplitude of distinct neural oscillations might interact to support dynamic communication within the brain. In particular, previous work has demonstrated a coupling between the phase of low frequency oscillations and the amplitude (or power) of high frequency oscillations during certain tasks, termed phase amplitude coupling (PAC). For instance, during visual processing in humans, PAC has been reliably observed between ongoing alpha (8-13 Hz) and gamma-band (>40 Hz) activity...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919188/-contribution-of-multimodal-imaging-in-the-various-stages-of-stargardt-disease
#8
L El Matri, Y Falfoul, M Kortli, A Hassairi, H Charfi, A Turki, F Kort, A Chebil
PURPOSE: To describe the contribution of multimodal imaging in the various stages of Stargardt disease (STGD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 46 eyes of 23 STGD patients with identified ABCA4 mutations. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), fluorescein angiography (FA) and Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 25...
September 14, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918539/accelerating-vaccine-development-during-the-2013-2016-west-african-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#9
Elizabeth S Higgs, Sheri A Dubey, Beth A G Coller, Jakub K Simon, Laura Bollinger, Robert A Sorenson, Barthalomew Wilson, Martha C Nason, Lisa E Hensley
The Ebola virus disease outbreak that began in Western Africa in December 2013 was unprecedented in both scope and spread, and the global response was slower and less coherent than was optimal given the scale and pace of the epidemic. Past experience with limited localized outbreaks, lack of licensed medical countermeasures, reluctance by first responders to direct scarce resources to clinical research, community resistance to outside interventions, and lack of local infrastructure were among the factors delaying clinical research during the outbreak...
September 17, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917122/structure-determination-based-on-continuous-diffraction-from-macromolecular-crystals
#10
REVIEW
Henry N Chapman, Petra Fromme
Bright and coherent X-ray sources, such free-electron lasers, have spurred large activities in developing new methods to obtain the structures of biological macromolecules. In particular, single-molecule diffraction is highly desired, as it would abolish the need for crystallization. It provides considerably more diffraction intensity information than needed to solve a structure, unlike crystal diffraction, which is usually insufficient for direct phasing. To overcome the challenge of weak scattering signals of single molecules, the direct phasing approaches in coherent diffractive imaging have been combined with crystals in several imaginative ways...
September 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915440/multiple-beam-ptychography-for-large-field-of-view-high-throughput-quantitative-phase-contrast-imaging
#11
Charles Bevis, Robert Karl, Jonathan Reichanadter, Dennis F Gardner, Christina Porter, Elisabeth Shanblatt, Michael Tanksalvala, Giulia F Mancini, Henry Kapteyn, Margaret Murnane, Daniel Adams
The ability to record large field-of-view images without a loss in spatial resolution is of crucial importance for imaging science. For most imaging techniques however, an increase in field-of-view comes at the cost of decreased resolution. Here we present a novel extension to ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging that permits simultaneous full-field imaging of multiple locations by illuminating the sample with spatially separated, interfering probes. This technique allows for large field-of-view imaging in amplitude and phase while maintaining diffraction-limited resolution, without an increase in collected data i...
September 6, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914900/cycle-slip-less-low-complexity-phase-recovery-algorithm-for-coherent-optical-receivers
#12
Valery Nobl Rozental, Deming Kong, Benjamin Foo, Bill Corcoran, Arthur James Lowery
We propose and experimentally validate a blind phase recovery algorithm based on tracking low-frequency components of the phase noise, which we call "filtered carrier-phase estimation (F-CPE)." Tracking only the low-frequency components allows F-CPE to reduce the computational complexity by using a frequency-domain equalizer and to simplify the partitioning of a 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM) constellation. Further, this approach eliminates cycle slips by suppressing the impact of amplified spontaneous emission on phase noise estimation...
September 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914796/enhanced-interface-structure-and-properties-of-titanium-carbonitride-based-cermets-with-the-extra-solid-phase-reaction
#13
Nan Lin, Yuehui He, Xiyue Kang
In this paper, the influence of the extra solid phase reaction on the interface structure and mechanical properties of titanium carbonitride-based cermets were investigated. The extra solid phase reaction in the preparation process of cermets could induce the formation of a core/rim/binder interface with the coherent structure and reinforce the interface bonding strength in cermets. The existence of a coherent structure interface can inhibit crack spread and improve the toughness and abrasion resistance of titanium carbonitride-based cermets significantly...
September 15, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905541/the-role-of-new-imaging-methods-in-managing-age-related-macular-degeneration
#14
Stephen James Talks, Akhunzada Muhammad Aftab, Imran Ashfaq, Taha Soomro
The use of imaging for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) depends on how it benefits clinical management and on reimbursement. The latter should relate to the former. This review assesses how different forms of AMD can be imaged and what information this provides. For nonneovascular AMD high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT), autofluorescence, and near infrared imaging can identify the type of drusen, such as reticular pseudodrusen, which influences prognosis, and the amount of atrophy, for which phase 3 trials are underway...
September 14, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904983/structure-function-relationships-in-the-visual-system-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-meg-and-oct-study
#15
Prejaas Tewarie, Lisanne J Balk, Arjan Hillebrand, Martijn D Steenwijk, Bernard M J Uitdehaag, Cornelis J Stam, Axel Petzold
BACKGROUND: We conducted a multi-modal optical coherence tomography (OCT) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) study to test whether there is a relationship between retinal layer integrity and electrophysiological activity and connectivity (FC) in the visual network influenced by optic neuritis (ON) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: One hundred and two MS patients were included in this MEG/OCT study. Retinal OCT data were collected from the optic discs, macular region, and segmented...
September 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904390/quantum-interference-in-the-presence-of-a-resonant-medium
#16
Dmitry A Kalashnikov, Elizaveta V Melik-Gaykazyan, Alexey A Kalachev, Ye Feng Yu, Arseniy I Kuznetsov, Leonid A Krivitsky
Interaction of light with media often occurs with a femtosecond response time. Its measurement by conventional techniques requires the use of femtosecond lasers and sophisticated time-gated optical detection. Here we demonstrate that by exploiting quantum interference of entangled photons it is possible to measure the dephasing time of a resonant media on the femtosecond time scale (down to 100 fs) using accessible continuous wave laser and single-photon counting. We insert a sample in the Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer and observe the modification of the two-photon interference pattern, which is driven by the coherent response of the medium, determined by the dephasing time...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904062/optical-coherence-tomography-detects-necrotic-regions-and-volumetrically-quantifies-multicellular-tumor-spheroids
#17
Yongyang Huang, Shunqiang Wang, Qiongyu Guo, Sarah Kessel, Ian Rubinoff, Leo L-Y Chan, Peter Li, Yaling Liu, Jean Qiu, Chao Zhou
Three-dimensional (3D) tumor spheroid models have gained increased recognition as important tools in cancer research and anti-cancer drug development. However, currently available imaging approaches employed in high-throughput screening drug discovery platforms e.g. bright field, phase contrast, and fluorescence microscopies, are unable to resolve 3D structures deep inside (>50 μm) tumor spheroids. In this study, we established a label-free, non-invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging platform to characterize 3D morphological and physiological information of multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) growing from ~250 μm up to ~600 μm in height over 21 days...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902718/effect-of-drug-coated-balloon-on-stent-restenosis-neointimal-proliferation-and-coronary-dissection-an-optical-coherence-tomography-analysis
#18
Taku Fukushima, Takashi Ashikaga, Shunji Yoshikawa, Yu Hatano, Daisuke Ueshima, Takanobu Yamamoto, Maejima Yasuhiro, Mitsuaki Isobe
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the acute and mid-term effects of drug-coated balloon (DCB) in terms of the healing process of non-flow-limiting dissections and changes in the neointimal area after DCB treatment using frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients with in-stent restenosis pretreated with a scoring balloon were evaluated (19 and 17 patients with and without a DCB, respectively)...
September 11, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902333/multi-modal-imaging-including-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-posterior-multifocal-placoid-pigment-epitheliopathy
#19
Jens Ulrich Werner, Christian Enders, Gerhard Klaus Lang, Gabriele Elisabeth Lang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: New imaging methods provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four patients (eight eyes) in acute, subacute, and late phases of the disease were analyzed with multi-modal imaging methods including optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), structural OCT, fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence. One patient was observed during the entire disease course...
September 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900720/respiration-related-cerebral-blood-flow-variability-increases-during-control-mode-non-invasive-ventilation-in-normovolemia-and-hypovolemia
#20
Maria Skytioti, Signe Søvik, Maja Elstad
PURPOSE: Increased variability in cerebral blood flow (CBF) predisposes to adverse cerebrovascular events. Oscillations in arterial blood pressure and PaCO2 induce CBF variability. Less is known about how heart rate (HR) variability affects CBF. We experimentally reduced respiration-induced HR variability in healthy subjects, hypothesizing that CBF variability would increase. METHODS: Internal carotid artery (ICA) blood velocity was recorded by Doppler ultrasound in ten healthy subjects during baseline, control-mode, non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV), i...
September 12, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
keyword
keyword
87112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"