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Anxiety conditioned grief

Scott Y H Kim, Raymond G De Vries, John R Peteet
IMPORTANCE: Euthanasia or assisted suicide (EAS) of psychiatric patients is increasing in some jurisdictions such as Belgium and the Netherlands. However, little is known about the practice, and it remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of patients receiving EAS for psychiatric conditions and how the practice is regulated in the Netherlands. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This investigation reviewed psychiatric EAS case summaries made available online by the Dutch regional euthanasia review committees as of June 1, 2015...
April 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Eric Bui, Christine Mauro, Donald J Robinaugh, Natalia A Skritskaya, Yuanjia Wang, Colleen Gribbin, Angela Ghesquiere, Arielle Horenstein, Naihua Duan, Charles Reynolds, Sidney Zisook, Naomi M Simon, M Katherine Shear
BACKGROUND: Complicated grief (CG) has been recently included in the DSM-5, under the term "persistent complex bereavement disorder," as a condition requiring further study. To our knowledge, no psychometric data on any structured clinical interview for CG (SCI-CG) is available to date. In this manuscript, we introduce the SCI-CG, a 31-item "SCID-like" clinician-administered instrument to assess the presence of CG symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 281 treatment-seeking adults with CG (77...
July 2015: Depression and Anxiety
Sherman A Lee
The Persistent Complex Bereavement Inventory (PCBI) was developed to facilitate research into the construct of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD). Across 2 studies, the PCBI yielded a stable 3-factor structure that corresponded with DSM-5 criteria for PCBD. The PCBI demonstrated solid reliability in the forms of internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Correlation analyses provided evidence of the measure's construct, convergent, and divergent validity. The PCBI predicted outcomes, above and beyond measures of prolonged grief disorder, separation anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress...
2015: Death Studies
Betty Pfefferbaum, Anne K Jacobs, Natalie Griffin, J Brian Houston
This paper reviews children's reactions to disasters and the personal and situational factors that influence their reactions. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress reactions are the most commonly studied outcomes, though other conditions also occur including anxiety, depression, behavior problems, and substance use. More recently, traumatic grief and posttraumatic growth have been explored. New research has delineated trajectories of children's posttraumatic stress reactions and offered insight into the long-term consequences of their disaster experiences...
July 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
Kim Glickman, M Katherine Shear, Melanie Wall
UNLABELLED: The present study examines a more fine-grained analysis of anxiety-related and depression-related outcomes amongst a sample of treatment completers who were assigned to complicated grief treatment (CGT) (n = 35) or interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) (n = 34) in a previously reported randomized controlled trial. We examined effects of antidepressant use and measures of anxiety and depression, focusing especially on guilt related to the death or deceased and grief-related avoidance in order to further understand the differential effectiveness of CGT and IPT amongst participants who received the full course of treatment...
March 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Mirela Vlastelica
Severe burns and their treatment are among the most painful experiences a person can have. Emotional needs of burn patients have long been overshadowed by the focus on survival. Today, when the survival rate is much higher than in the past, the need of psychological and psychosocial engagement in working with victims of severe burns has emerged. A patient undergoing various stages of adjustment is faced with emotional challenges that accompany physical recovery. Adapting to burn injury involves a complex interplay between patient characteristics before the occurrence of burn, environmental factors, and the nature of the burns and medical care required...
October 2014: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
Brian J Hall, George A Bonanno, Paul A Bolton, Judith K Bass
Social resources can buffer against psychological distress following potentially traumatic events. Psychological distress can also lead to social resource deterioration. This longitudinal study evaluated whether baseline psychological distress symptoms and changes in these symptoms were associated with changes in social resources 5 months later among 96 adult male (52.6%) and female treatment-seeking torture survivors residing in Kurdistan, Iraq. Adapted versions of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, and a traumatic grief measure were used...
August 2014: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Richard Schulz, Jules Rosen, Julie Klinger, Donald Musa, Nicholas G Castle, April Kane, Amy Lustig
Many caregivers continue to provide care and support to their care recipients after institutional placement. A two-group randomized controlled trial was carried out to test the efficacy of a psychosocial intervention for informal caregivers whose care recipients resided in a long-term care facility. The intervention was delivered during the 6 month period following baseline assessment. Follow-up assessments were carried out at 6, 12, and 18 months. Primary outcomes were caregiver depression, anxiety, burden, and complicated grief...
January 1, 2014: Clinical Gerontologist
Catherine Chojenta, Sheree Harris, Nicole Reilly, Peta Forder, Marie-Paule Austin, Deborah Loxton
While grief, emotional distress and other mental health conditions have been associated with pregnancy loss, less is known about the mental health impact of these events during subsequent pregnancies and births. This paper examined the impact of any type of pregnancy loss on mental health in a subsequent pregnancy and postpartum. Data were obtained from a sub-sample (N = 584) of the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a prospective cohort study that has been collecting data since 1996...
2014: PloS One
Paul A Boelen, Holly G Prigerson
The DSM-5 Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum, Posttraumatic, and Dissociative Disorders Work Group has proposed criteria for Persistent Complex Bereavement-Related Disorder (PCBRD) for inclusion in the appendix of DSM-5. The authors feel that it is important that dysfunctional grief will become a formal condition in DSM-5 because that would facilitate research and would imply recognition of the suffering of a significant minority of bereaved individuals who experience difficulties in their process of recovery from loss...
October 2012: Death Studies
Anette Kersting, Ruth Dölemeyer, Jana Steinig, Franziska Walter, Kristin Kroker, Katja Baust, Birgit Wagner
BACKGROUND: The loss of a child during pregnancy causes significant psychological distress for many women and their partners, and may lead to long-lasting psychiatric disorders. Internet-based interventions using exposure techniques and cognitive restructuring have proved effective for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and prolonged grief. This study compared the effects of an Internet-based intervention for parents after prenatal loss with a waiting list condition (WLC). METHODS: The Impact of Event Scale - Revised assessed symptoms of PTSD; the Inventory of Complicated Grief and the Brief Symptom Inventory assessed depression, anxiety, and general mental health...
2013: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Youngmee Kim, Aurelie Lucette, Matthew Loscalzo
Many families and close friends are experiencing bereavement due to cancer. A review of recent studies of bereavement outcomes, mainly elevated psychological distress, suggests that bereaved family members, compared with nonbereaved, have poorer quality of life. They display high levels of complicated grief, anxiety, and depression and use bereavement services, but also report finding meaning in the loss, during the first 6 months after death. Similar demographic (e.g., female sex and younger age) and psychological (e...
September 2013: Cancer Journal
Angela Ghesquiere, M Katherine Shear, Naihua Duan
Bereavement is common among older adults and may result in major depression or complicated grief (CG). Little is known about the effectiveness of physician care for these conditions. We examined whether, among older adults with CG and/or major depression, using physician support was associated with reductions in grief, depression, or anxiety severity. Outcomes were compared to group and religious support. We analyzed data from the Changing Lives of Older Couples (CLOC) Study, a prospective cohort study of married couples in the Detroit area...
October 2013: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
C Rose, R Howard
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease can be controlled only through adherence to a gluten-free diet. This diet is highly restrictive and can be challenging to maintain. It has been linked with elevated levels of psychological distress, including depression, anxiety and social phobia. METHODS: Narratives on living with coeliac disease were written by 130 adult members of Coeliac UK (mean age 52.7 years; mean time since diagnosis 10.2 years; 67% sample female; 28% male)...
February 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
François Sirois
This article emphasizes the shifting paradigm of palliative care from cancer patients to vital organ failure in chronic diseases. It offers a view about a type of palliative care for patients reaching the pre-terminal phase of a chronic illness. Unlike cancer patients, time is not as sharply delineated and physical pain is not a major factor, but psychological distress is often a major component of the clinical condition. Starting from the perspective of a psychiatric consultant on medical and surgical wards, I present short clinical vignettes to introduce a discussion about psychological manifestations in patients with chronic vital organ failure...
September 2012: Palliative & Supportive Care
M Katherine Shear
Complicated grief is a recently recognized condition that occurs in about 7% of bereaved people. People with this condition are caught up in rumination about the circumstances of the death, worry about its consequences, or excessive avoidance of reminders of the loss. Unable to comprehend the finality and consequences of the loss, they resort to excessive avoidance of reminders of the loss as they are tossed helplessly on waves of intense emotion. People with complicated grief need help, and clinicians need to know how to recognize the symptoms and how to provide help...
June 2012: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
M Leonardi, A M Giovannetti, M Pagani, A Raggi, D Sattin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the burden of caregivers of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOCs), considering psychosocial difficulties, health condition and financial aspects. DESIGN: This is an observational multi-centre study. Four hundred and eighty-seven participants were assessed using the Caregiver Needs Assessment, Family Strain Questionnaire, Short Form 12, Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory-Y, Beck Depression Inventory, Prolonged Grief Disorder Questionnaire and Coping Orientations to Problem Experiences...
2012: Brain Injury: [BI]
Anthony D Mancini, George A Bonanno
BACKGROUND: Complicated grief is increasingly recognized as a debilitating disorder with significant mental and health consequences. The underlying mechanisms of complicated grief remain unclear, however. In the present study, we investigated a specific mechanism of complicated grief (CG) derived from attachment theory: the accessibility of the deceased's mental representation under threat. METHODS: In a matched comparison of complicated (n=26) and asymptomatic grievers (n=30), we used an emotional Stroop task following subliminal threat or neutral primes to examine the accessibility of mental representations of the deceased, current attachment figures, and close others...
August 2012: Journal of Affective Disorders
Stella Bawden
An outcome series was conducted over a five-year period of patients attending a community NHS homeopathy clinic in Dorchester, Dorset. 273 new patients were seen. 183 (67%) questionnaires were completed at six months after initial consultation. 44% of patients had been unwell for more than five years; 19% of all patients for more than 15 years. A wide variety of conditions were seen, the largest group with depression, anxiety or grief. For follow-up patients 75-81% indicated an improvement in their symptoms and activity while 58% recorded an improvement in their overall wellbeing...
January 2012: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Anette Kersting, Kristin Kroker, Sarah Schlicht, Katja Baust, Birgit Wagner
The loss of a child during pregnancy can be a traumatic event associated with long-lasting grief and psychological distress. This study examined the efficacy of an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy program for mothers after pregnancy loss. In a randomized controlled trial with a waiting list control group, 83 participants who had lost a child during pregnancy were randomly allocated either to 5 weeks of internet therapy or to a 5-week waiting condition. Within a manualized cognitive behavioral treatment program, participants wrote ten essays on loss-specific topics...
December 2011: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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