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epidemiology of renal diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237532/ureteral-reconstruction-with-ileum-long-term-follow-up-of-renal-function
#1
Joshua D Roth, M Francesca Monn, Konrad M Szymanski, Richard J Bihrle, Matthew J Mellon
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term renal preservation and surgical outcomes in patients undergoing ureteric substitution with ileum. This has been a mainstay of reconstruction options for lengthy ureteral defects. METHODS: Consecutive patients aged 18 or older undergoing ileal ureters at our institution were retrospectively reviewed (1989-June 2013). Patients with <6 months of follow-up were excluded. Demographic, surgical and renal functional outcomes were reviewed...
February 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236831/us-renal-data-system-2016-annual-data-report-epidemiology-of-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#2
EDITORIAL
Rajiv Saran, Bruce Robinson, Kevin C Abbott, Lawrence Y C Agodoa, John Ayanian, Jennifer Bragg-Gresham, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Joline L T Chen, Elizabeth Cope, Paul W Eggers, Daniel Gillen, Debbie Gipson, Susan M Hailpern, Yoshio N Hall, Yun Han, Kevin He, William Herman, Michael Heung, David Hutton, Steven J Jacobsen, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Csaba P Kovesdy, Yi Li, Yee Lu, Miklos Z Molnar, Hal Morgenstern, Brahmajee Nallamothu, Danh V Nguyen, Ann M O'Hare, Yoshitsugu Obi, Brett Plattner, Ronald Pisoni, Friedrich K Port, Panduranga Rao, Vanessa Ravel, Connie M Rhee, Ankit Sakhuja, Douglas E Schaubel, David T Selewski, John J Sim, Peter Song, Elani Streja, Manjula Kurella Tamura, Francesca Tentori, Sarah White, Kenneth Woodside, Richard A Hirth, Vahakn Shahinian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236830/us-renal-data-system-2016-annual-data-report-epidemiology-of-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235417/accuracy-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-equations-for-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-at-the-g3a-stage-a-single-center-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yanna Dou, Xiran Sun, Dong Liu, Li Zhang, Jing Xiao, Genyang Cheng, Dahai Yu, Zhanzheng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Kidney disease improving global outcomes provided a new classification for chronic kidney disease (CKD) by subdividing the G3 stage into G3a and G3b stages based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in 2012. Currently, a few methods are used to evaluate GFR, including measured GFR (mGFR) and estimated GFR (eGFR). One of the mGFR was (99m)Tc-DTPA scintigraphy method and eGFR using GFR equations were used clinically. Equations were modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI), and Chinese adapted MDRD (C-MDRD)...
February 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231583/prevalence-of-impaired-kidney-function-in-the-german-elderly-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#5
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: In aging populations with an ever-growing burden of risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. However, little is known about its exact prevalence among elderly adults, and often albuminuria is not included in the definition of CKD. Moreover, novel equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have recently emerged, which have not been applied comprehensively to older adults. Data on CKD awareness among the elderly are sparse...
February 24, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229289/clinical-aspects-of-hantavirus-infections-in-bulgaria
#6
I Christova, M Pishmisheva, I Trifonova, N Vatev, M Stoycheva, M Tiholova, D Igova, M Baev, R Karagyaurova, U Prokopova
BACKGROUND: Hantaviruses cause two distinct human diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Asia and Europe and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in America. In Europe, mainly Puumala, Dobrava and Seoul viruses cause HFRS. A total of 23 cases of HFRS were detected in Bulgaria over a 2‑year period 2013-2014. The aim of the study was to present epidemiology, clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of these patients. METHODS: Patients with HFRS were diagnosed using PCR, ELISA and immunoblotting tests...
February 22, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225875/decompensated-chagasic-heart-failure-versus-non-chagasic-heart-failure-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes
#7
Luiza Nauane Borges Azevedo Dos Santos, Mário de Seixas Rocha, Eloina Nunes de Oliveira, Carlos Antônio Gusmão de Moura, Ayslan Jorge Santos de Araujo, Ítalo Magalhães Gusmão, Gilson Soares Feitosa-Filho, Constança Margarida Sampaio Cruz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and epidemiological characteristics and clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with decompensated heart failure (DHF), with a comparison between Chagas and non-Chagas disease. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study involving 136 patients consecutively admitted with DHF between January 1 and December 31, 2011, with the following outcomes: acute renal failure, cardiogenic shock, rehospitalization, and hospital death. Individuals aged ≥ 18 years with DHF were included while those with more than 10% of missing data regarding outcomes were excluded...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223818/an-evidence-based-review-on-urate-lowering-treatments-implications-for-optimal-treatment-of-chronic-hyperuricemia
#8
REVIEW
Marilisa Bove, Arrigo Francesco Giuseppe Cicero, Maddalena Veronesi, Claudio Borghi
Several studies suggest that chronic hyperuricemia, the main precursor of gout, is involved in the pathogenesis of different systemic disorders that affect cardiovascular and renal systems, such as hypertension, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, metabolic syndrome, chronic heart failure, and chronic kidney disease. Recent epidemiological evidence has shown an increasing trend in the prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout in the Western world: a number of population-based studies estimate a prevalence of up to 21% for hyperuricemia and 1%-4% for gout...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223468/high-ambulatory-arterial-stiffness-index-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-rapid-age-related-glomerular-filtration-rate-decline-in-the-general-middle-aged-population
#9
Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Vidar Tor Nyborg Stefansson, Trond Geir Jenssen, Ulla Dorte Mathisen, Jørgen Schei, Marit Dahl Solbu, Tom Wilsgaard, Toralf Melsom
Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease. However, the role of arterial stiffness as a predictor of the age-related glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decline in the general population remains unresolved because of difficulty in measuring GFR with sufficient precision in epidemiological studies. The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) is a proposed indicator of arterial stiffness easily calculated from ambulatory blood pressure. We investigated whether AASI could predict GFR decline measured as iohexol clearance in the general population...
February 21, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222015/plasma-levels-of-endothelin-1-and-renal-function-among-young-and-healthy-adults
#10
Andreas Fischer, Matthias Bossard, Stefanie Aeschbacher, Peter Egli, Carolin Cordewener, Joel Estis, John Todd, Martin Risch, Lorenz Risch, David Conen
BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a vasoconstrictive and pro-inflammatory peptide, is associated with several cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association of plasma ET-1 levels and renal function among young and healthy adults. METHODS: Individuals aged 25-41 years were enrolled in a population-based cohort study. Main exclusion criteria were established kidney disease, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and a body mass index>35 kg/m2...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221138/-epidemiology-of-urinary-lithiasis-in-spain-new-scenarios
#11
Julia Carrasco Valiente, Enrique Gómez Gómez, María José Requena Tapia
Renal lithiasis is one of the most common disorders in modern society, constituting an important health problem that associates a great economic burden. The nature of stone disease varies according to age and sex, being also influenced by dietary and lifestyle factors, and climatic variations among others. In spite of the advances made in the management of this pathology, it continues being a disease with a high recurrence rate. In recent years, several studies have pointed out that its prevalence is rising especially in developed countries...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217815/hiv-and-kidney-a-dangerous-liaison
#12
Alessia Bertoldi, Elisa De Crignis, Anna Miserocchi, Isabella Bon, Giuseppina Musumeci, Serena Longo, Vanessa D'Urbano, Gaetano La Manna, Leonardo Calza, Maria Carla Re
Kidney disease represents an important health concern among HIV-infected individuals, with an estimated prevalence ranging between 2.4 and 17%. The widespread use of antiretroviral drugs has changed the epidemiology of kidney disease in the HIV positive population, drastically reducing the percentage of patients affected by HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN), a complication characterized by apoptosis and de-differentiation of renal epithelial cells and podocytes. However, impaired kidney function remains an important issue among HIV-infected patients because of their long-term exposure to antiretroviral drugs and the growing burden of traditional risk factors associated with chronic renal disease...
January 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212407/epidemiology-of-low-proteinuric-chronic-kidney-disease-in-renal-clinics
#13
Luca De Nicola, Michele Provenzano, Paolo Chiodini, Silvio Borrelli, Luigi Russo, Antonio Bellasi, Domenico Santoro, Giuseppe Conte, Roberto Minutolo
CKD patients with low-grade proteinuria (LP) are common in nephrology clinics. However, prevalence, characteristics, and the competing risks of ESRD and death as the specific determinants, are still unknown. We analyzed epidemiological features of LP status in a prospective cohort of 2,340 patients with CKD stage III-V referred from ≥6 months in 40 nephrology clinics in Italy. LP status was defined as proteinuria <0.5 g/24h according to current KDIGO guidelines. Patients with higher proteinuria constituted the control group (CON)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211027/the-inpatient-burden-of-autoimmune-blistering-disease-in-us-children-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#14
Ziyou Ren, Derek Y Hsu, Nanette B Silverberg, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of pediatric autoimmune blistering disorders (PAIBD). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the inpatient burden and comorbidities of PAIBD. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, which contained a representative 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. RESULTS: The most common PAIBD with a primary admission was pemphigus (8.0 per million), whereas the most common secondary diagnosis of PAIBD was dermatitis herpetiformis (DH; 9...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208659/developmental-origins-of-chronic-kidney-disease-should-we-focus-on-early-life
#15
REVIEW
You-Lin Tain, Chien-Ning Hsu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is becoming a global burden, despite recent advances in management. CKD can begin in early life by so-called "developmental programming" or "developmental origins of health and disease" (DOHaD). Early-life insults cause structural and functional changes in the developing kidney, which is called renal programming. Epidemiological and experimental evidence supports the proposition that early-life adverse events lead to renal programming and make subjects vulnerable to developing CKD and its comorbidities in later life...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198911/dioctophyme-renale-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-parasitism-in-dogs-of-s%C3%A3-o-crist%C3%A3-v%C3%A3-o-district-tr%C3%A3%C2%AAs-barras-county-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#16
Daniela Pedrassani, Adjair Antonio do Nascimento, Marcos Rogério André, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Dioctophyme renale is a nematode that can be found parasitizing the kidney, peritoneal cavity and, rarely, other organs of canids and mustelids. This disease has high occurrence in the municipality of Três Barras, state of Santa Catarina, thus making this an interesting area to study the epidemiological aspects of infection by D. renale in dogs. Among 197 dogs, 14.2% showed the parasite eggs in urine and 16.4% showed IgG antibodies anti-D. renale in serum samples according to the indirect ELISA method; among seropositive dogs, 15 (37...
February 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197781/sclerosing-mesenteritis-a-systematic-review-of-192-cases
#17
REVIEW
Prabin Sharma, Siddhartha Yadav, Christine Marie Needham, Paul Feuerstadt
INTRODUCTION: Sclerosing mesenteritis includes a spectrum of inflammatory disorders involving the adipose tissue of the bowel mesentery. AIM: To perform a systematic review of previously reported cases of sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) to determine the epidemiology, risk factors, methods of diagnosis, treatment patterns and outcomes for this disease. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane database were searched using keywords mesenteric panniculitis, retractile mesenteritis, mesenteric lipodystrophy and sclerosing mesenteritis...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196295/association-of-pre-transplant-kidney-function-with-outcomes-after-lung-transplantation
#18
Amit Banga, Manish Mohanka, Jessica Mullins, Srinivas Bollineni, Vaidehi Kaza, Fernando Torres, Bekir Tanriover
PURPOSE: There is a lack of data regarding the independent association of pre-transplant kidney function with early and late outcomes among lung transplant (LT) recipients. METHODS: We queried the UNOS database for adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) undergoing LT between 1987 and 2013. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated using the Modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) and the Chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192777/renal-function-and-scaled-troponin-in-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-symptoms-of-myocardial-infarction
#19
Anupama Vasudevan, Adam J Singer, Christopher DeFilippi, Gary Headden, Jeffrey M Schussler, Lori B Daniels, Michael Reed, Martin P Than, Robert Birkhahn, Stephen W Smith, Tyler W Barrett, William Arnold, W Frank Peacock, Peter A McCullough
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins are often found to be elevated in patients with renal dysfunction, even in the absence of acute myocardial injury. The objective of this report was to characterize the scaled troponin values and proportion of adjudicated acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among patients with and without renal dysfunction. METHODS: The data was from a multicenter prospective study including patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms of AMI...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183270/estimation-of-renal-function-by-ckd-epi-versus-mdrd-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-patients-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
M P Cristelli, F Cofán, N Rico, J C Trullàs, C Manzardo, F Agüero, J L Bedini, A Moreno, F Oppenheimer, J M Miro
BACKGROUND: Accurately determining renal function is essential for clinical management of HIV patients. Classically, it has been evaluated by estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with the MDRD-equation, but today there is evidence that the new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation has greater diagnostic accuracy. To date, however, little information exists on patients with HIV-infection. This study aimed to evaluate eGFR by CKD-EPI vs. MDRD equations and to stratify renal function according to KDIGO guidelines...
February 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
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