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chronic renal insufficiency

D Yuan, X-M Liu, Z Fang, L-L Du, J Chang, S-H Lin
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) can cause chronic renal insufficiency and significantly reduce the life quality of patients with diabetes mellitus, and may eventually lead to death. The study investigated the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related factors, which have important roles in the progress of DN and to explore effects of resveratrol on DN and the possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specific pathogen free (SPF) grade healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were divided into different groups for different treatments...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
J J Brugts, G C M Linssen, A W Hoes, H P Brunner-La Rocca
AIMS: Data from patient registries give insight into the management of patients with heart failure (HF), but actual data from unselected real-world HF patients are scarce. Therefore, we performed a cross sectional study of current HF care in the period 2013-2016 among more than 10,000 unselected HF patients at HF outpatient clinics in the Netherlands. METHODS: In 34 participating centres, all 10,910 patients with chronic HF treated at cardiology centres were included in the CHECK-HF registry...
March 21, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
Hao-Yuan Lu, Wei Wei, Qi-Wei Chen, Qing-Gui Meng, Gao-Hua Hu, Xian-Lin Yi, Xian-Zhong Bai
Objectives: To study an uncommon life-threatening disease, spontaneous retroperitoneal and perirenal hemorrhage. Case descriptions: A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the left waist and back of 1 month duration. The renal abscess was suspected by magnetic resonance imaging before operation. The perirenal hematoma was cleaned by operation. In another case, the patient had a functional solitary left kidney compressed by a huge retroperitoneal mass and uropenia appeared...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Franck Maunoury, Aurore Clément, Chizoba Nwankwo, Laurie Levy-Bachelot, Armand Abergel, Vincent Di Martino, Eric Thervet, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of the elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) regimen in patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with severe and end-stage renal disease compared to no treatment. DESIGN: This study uses a health economic model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of treating previously untreated and treatment experienced chronic hepatitis C patients who have severe and end stage renal disease with the elbasvir-grazoprevir regimen versus no treatment in the French context...
2018: PloS One
Pablo A Slullitel, Martín Estefan, Wilber M Ramírez-Serrudo, Fernando M Comba, Gerardo Zanotti, Francisco Piccaluga, Martín A Buttaro
BACKGROUND: Following a total hip arthroplasty (THA), early hospital re-admission rates of 3-11% are considered as 'acceptable' in terms of medical care cost policies. Surprisingly, the impact of re-admissions on mortality has not been priorly portrayed. Therefore, we sought to determine the mortality rate after 90-day re-admissions following a THA in a series of patients from a captive medical care program. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively analysed 90-day readmissions of 815 unilateral, elective THA patients operated upon between 2010 and 2014 whose medical care was the one offered by our institution...
March 10, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Douglas W Jones, Philip P Goodney, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Marc L Schermerhorn, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Jeanwan Kang, Jesse A Columbo, Bjoern D Suckow, David H Stone
OBJECTIVE: Performing lower extremity bypass (LEB) in actively smoking claudicants remains controversial. Whereas some surgeons advocate a strict nonoperative approach to active smokers, citing perceived inferior outcomes, others will proceed with surgical bypass if the patient is anatomically suited and medical management has failed. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of active smoking on LEB outcomes among claudicants. METHODS: All patients undergoing infrainguinal LEB for claudication in the Vascular Study Group of New England from 2003 to 2016 were analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Chien-Hua Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Long-Bin Jeng
PURPOSE: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) can cause fat or bile acid malabsorption due to exocrine insufficiency. Fat or bile acid malabsorption has been reported to increase the risk of urolithiasis through increased intestinal oxalate absorption. However, no studies have reported an association between CP and urolithiasis. METHODS: We identified 15,848 patients (age: ≥20 years) diagnosed as having CP between 2000 and 2010 from the National Health Insurance Research Database as the study cohort...
2018: PloS One
Guy Roger Ndong Atome, Rick-Leonid Ngoua Meye Misso, Cédric Sima Obiang, Richard Onanga, Dieudonné Nkogue Mba
Gout is caused by a chronic hyperuricemia whose complications are not currently well evaluated in Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of hyperuricemia and gout in 85 patients recruited. A total of 26 cases of hyperuricemia, i.e., 30.6% of the study population, with 12 cases of gout and seven cases of gouty access. In this population, hyperuricemia was proportional to age ( p -value < 10-4, OR = 2.6), but it was more prevalent in men, 23.5% versus 7.1% for women ( p -value = 0...
March 8, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
Frank T Spradley, Jillian A Smith, Barbara T Alexander, Christopher D Anderson
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is linked to increased risk for chronic disease. Placental ischemia and insufficiency in the mother are implicated in predisposing IUGR offspring to metabolic dysfunction, including hypertension, insulin resistance, abnormalities in glucose homeostasis, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Whether these metabolic disturbances contribute to the developmental origins of exaggerated cardiovascular-renal disease (CVRD) risk accompanying IUGR is unclear. IUGR impacts the pancreas, adipose tissue, and liver, which are hypothesized to program for hepatic insulin resistance and subsequent NAFLD...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Karima Taamallah, Sinda Sahraoui, Walid Ghodhbane, Hakim Messaoudi, Mohamed Ziedi, Mokhles Lajmi, Slim Chenik
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in chronic hemodialysis patients(1). Cardiac surgery in hemodialysis patients exposes to higher risks inherent in the particular status of these patients. The aim of our study is to report the perioperative particularities of hemodialysis patients undergoing cardiac surgery, and to determine the impact of preoperative clinical status on hospital and late morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Between January 1998 and December 2012, 48 patients in chronic hemodialysis (HD) and candidates for cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass were retrospectively included...
May 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Sarah E Orr, Lucy Joshee, Jennifer Barkin, Christy C Bridges
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly relevant clinical condition that is characterized by the permanent loss of functional nephrons. Individuals with CKD may exhibit impaired renal clearance, which may alter corporal handling of metabolites and xenobiotics. Methylmercury (MeHg) is an important environmental toxicant to which humans are exposed to on a regular basis. Given the prevalence of CKD and ubiquitous presence of MeHg in the environment, it is important to understand how mercuric ions are handled in patients with CKD...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Kanza Benomar, Stéphanie Espiard, Camille Loyer, Arnaud Jannin, Marie-Christine Vantyghem
Natriuretic peptides are a group of hormones including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), C type (CNP), urodilatin and guanilyn. ANP (half-life: 2-4 min), is secreted by the atrium, BNP (half-life: 20 min) by the ventricle, CNP by the vascular endothelium, urodilatin by the kidney and guanylin by the intestine. These natriuretic peptides prevent water and salt retention through renal action, vasodilatation and hormonal inhibition of aldosterone, vasopressin and cortisol. These peptides also have a recently demonstrated metabolic effect through an increase of lipolysis, thermogenesis, beta cell proliferation and muscular sensitivity to insulin...
February 26, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Manabu Kondo, Yuka Miyoshi, Kohji Tarumoto, Norie Hirayama, Takahiro Sasaki, Kohji Yamashita, Susumu Yamashita, Katsuhiro Hatao
Quinolones are known to induce hypoglycemia, although there is no written report of garenoxacin-induced hypoglycemia. We herein report a case of garenoxacin-induced hypoglycemia in a patient not taking hypoglycemic drugs. An 89-year-old Japanese woman with type 2 diabetes and chronic renal insufficiency requiring hemodialysis was admitted to the emergency department in a comatose state. Her serum glucose measured 1 mg/dL on arrival. The patient had not taken any hypoglycemic drugs recently and had never experienced a hypoglycemic episode...
February 28, 2018: Internal Medicine
V N Manskikh, O A Averina, A I Nikiforova
The naked mole rat (Heterocephalus glaber, Rüppell, 1842) is a unique eusocial rodent with unusually long lifespan. Therefore, the study of spontaneous and experimentally induced pathologies in these animals is one of the most important tasks of gerontology. Various infections, noninfectious pathologies (including age-dependent changes), and tumors have been described in the naked mole rat. The most frequent pathologies are traumas (bite wounds), purulent and septic complications of traumatic injuries, renal tubular calcinosis, chronic progressive nephropathy, hepatic hemosiderosis, testicular interstitial cell hyperplasia, calcinosis cutis, cardiomyopathy, and dysbiosis-related infectious lesions of the digestive system...
December 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Styliani I Kokoris, Eleni Gavriilaki, Aggeliki Miari, Αnthi Travlou, Elias Kyriakou, Achilles Anagnostopoulos, Elissavet Grouzi
OBJECTIVES: The present review summarizes the available knowledge regarding acute and chronic kidney dysfunction in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) focusing on its clinical features, pathophysiology and treatment. METHODS: A thorough PubMed search was performed using as main keywords: 'paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria', 'acute kidney injury', 'chronic kidney disease' and 'eculizumab'. RESULTS: PNH's etiopathogenesis is based on acquired mutations that lead to the reduction or absence of CD55 and CD59 complement regulators, which are responsible for some of the disease's major clinical features, like intravascular hemolysis, cytopenias and thrombosis...
February 28, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Uwe Wollina, Birgit Heinig, Christian Stelzner, Gesina Hansel, Jacqueline Schönlebe, Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti
BACKGROUND: Leg ulcers are a burden to patients, their families and society. The second most common cause of chronic leg ulcers is the mixed arterio-venous type. An 80-year-old female patient presented to our department due to painful enlarging chronic leg ulcer of mixed arteriovenous origin on her left lower leg. She suffered from peripheral arterial occlusive disease stage I and chronic venous insufficiency Widmer grade IIIa, and a number of comorbidities. AIM: The aim of our ulcer treatment was a complete and stable wound closure that was hampered by arterial occlusion, exposed tendon, and renal insiffuciency...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Esther R van de Wal-Visscher, Jeroen P Kooman, Frank M van der Sande
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential cation for multiple processes in the body. The kidney plays a major role in regulating the Mg balance. In a healthy individual, total-body Mg content is kept constant by interactions among intestine, bones and the kidneys. SUMMARY: In case of chronic kidney disease (CKD), renal regulatory mechanisms may be insufficient to balance intestinal Mg absorption. Usually Mg remains normal; however, when glomerular filtration rate declines, changes in serum Mg are observed...
January 26, 2018: Blood Purification
Mahboob Rahman, Jesse Yenchih Hsu, Niraj Desai, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Amanda H Anderson, Lawrence J Appel, Jing Chen, Debbie L Cohen, Paul E Drawz, Jiang He, Pan Qiang, Ana C Ricardo, Susan Steigerwalt, Matthew R Weir, Jackson T Wright, Xiaoming Zhang, Raymond R Townsend
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Central BP measurements provide noninvasive measurement of aortic BP; our objectives were to examine the association of central and brachial BP measurements with risk of cardiovascular outcomes and mortality in patients with CKD and to determine the role of central BP measurement in conjunction with brachial BP in estimating cardiovascular risk. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In a prospective, longitudinal study (the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort), central BP was measured in participants with CKD using the SphygmoCorPVx System...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Frédéric Aubrun, Noël Zahr, Olivier Langeron, Nicolas Boccheciampe, Nathalie Cozic, Lisa Belin, Jean-Sebastien Hulot, Frederic Khiami, Bruno Riou
BACKGROUND: Among the various factors that may influence the pharmacological response to opioids, genetic polymorphisms [single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)] have generated some interest. OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence on morphine dose requirements and adverse events in the postoperative period of four SNP [opioid receptor mu1 (OPRM1), ATP-binding cassette subfamily B, member 1 (ABCB1) ex-21 and ex-26, catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT)] in candidate genes involved in morphine pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Lawrence A Olatunji, Olatunde P Olabode, Olawale M Akinlade, Abiola S Babatunde, Victoria A Olatunji, Ayodele O Soladoye
Background: A seemingly interesting observation in patients with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is that they usually have lower systemic blood pressures (BP) and insulin resistance than persons in the general population in spite of chronic inflammation and vasculopathy. However, relative systemic hypertension (rHTN) has been linked to pulmonary hypertension, increased blood viscosity and renal insufficiency, which could indicate a risk of developing cardiometabolic disorder (CMD) in SCA.We therefore hypothesized that neck circumference (NC) and CMD marker; triglyceride glucose (TyG) index would independently predict rHTN in young adults with SCA in steady state...
2018: Clinical Hypertension
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