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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329081/presence-of-fe-al-binary-oxide-adsorbent-cake-layer-in-ceramic-membrane-filtration-and-their-impact-for-removal-of-ha-and-bsa
#1
Kyung-Jo Kim, Am Jang
To enhance the removal of natural organic matter (NOM) in ceramic (Ce) membrane filtration, an iron-aluminum binary oxide (FAO) was applied to the ceramic membrane surface as the adsorbent cake layer, and it was compared with heated aluminum oxide (HAO) for the evaluation of the control of NOM. Both the HAO and FAO adsorbent cake layers efficiently removed the NOM regardless of NOM's hydrophobic/hydrophilic characteristics, and the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal in NOM for FAO was 1-1.12 times greater than that for HAO, which means FAO was more efficient in the removal of DOC in NOM...
January 5, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328986/post-anaerobic-digestion-thermal-hydrolysis-of-sewage-sludge-and-food-waste-effect-on-methane-yields-dewaterability-and-solids-reduction
#2
Kine Svensson, Oda Kjørlaug, Matthew J Higgins, Roar Linjordet, Svein J Horn
Post-anaerobic digestion (PAD) treatment technologies have been suggested for anaerobic digestion (AD) to improve process efficiency and assure hygenization of organic waste. Because AD reduces the amount of organic waste, PAD can be applied to a much smaller volume of waste compared to pre-digestion treatment, thereby improving efficiency. In this study, dewatered digestate cakes from two different AD plants were thermally hydrolyzed and dewatered, and the liquid fraction was recirculated to a semi-continuous AD reactor...
January 4, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#3
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324383/the-influence-of-algal-organic-matter-produced-by-microcystis-aeruginosa-on-coagulation-ultrafiltration-treatment-of-natural-organic-matter
#4
Jie Xu, Yanxia Zhao, Baoyu Gao, Songlin Han, Qian Zhao, Xiaoli Liu
Cyanobacterial bloom causes the release of algal organic matter (AOM), which inevitably affects the treatment processes of natural organic matter (NOM). This study works on treating micro-polluted surface water (SW) by emerging coagulant, namely titanium sulfate (Ti(SO4)2), followed by Low Pressure Ultrafiltration (LPUF) technology. In particular, we explored the respective influence of extracellular organic matter (EOM) and intracellular organic matter (IOM) on synergetic EOM-NOM/IOM-NOM removal, functional mechanisms and subsequent filtration performance...
January 5, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311547/a-non-dispersion-strategy-for-large-scale-production-of-ultra-high-concentration-graphene-slurries-in-water
#5
Lei Dong, Zhongxin Chen, Xiaoxu Zhao, Jianhua Ma, Shan Lin, Mengxiong Li, Yang Bao, Leiqiang Chu, Kai Leng, Hongbin Lu, Kian Ping Loh
It is difficult to achieve high efficiency production of hydrophobic graphene by liquid phase exfoliation due to its poor dispersibility and the tendency of graphene sheets to undergo π-π stacking. Here, we report a water-phase, non-dispersion exfoliation method to produce highly crystalline graphene flakes, which can be stored in the form of a concentrated slurry (50 mg mL-1) or filter cake for months without the risk of re-stacking. The as-exfoliated graphene slurry can be directly used for 3D printing, as well as fabricating conductive graphene aerogels and graphene-polymer composites, thus avoiding the use of copious quantities of organic solvents and lowering the manufacturing cost...
January 8, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304058/feeding-sunflower-cake-from-biodiesel-production-to-santa-ines-lambs-physicochemical-composition-fatty-acid-profile-and-sensory-attributes-of-meat
#6
Anny Graycy Vasconcelos de Oliveira Lima, Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira, Thadeu Mariniello Silva, Analívia Martins Barbosa, Thiago Vinicius Costa Nascimento, Vinicius da Silva Oliveira, Rebeca Dantas Xavier Ribeiro, Elzânia Sales Pereira, Leilson Rocha Bezerra
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the inclusion of sunflower cake in the diets of lambs on meat quality. Forty male, uncastrated Santa Ines lambs with an initial average body weight of 20.9 ± 0.41 kg were used in a completely randomized design with four treatments. The lambs were fed 500 g/kg hay and 500 g/kg concentrate (corn, soybean meal, urea, ammonium sulfate and sunflower cake) in their diet, and the experimental treatments were 0, 10, 20, and 30% sunflower cake inclusion (DM basis)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288954/one-pot-bioprocess-for-lactic-acid-production-from-lignocellulosic-agro-wastes-by-using-ionic-liquid-stable-lactobacillus-brevis
#7
Jasneet Grewal, S K Khare
The lignocellulosic agro-wastes are an attractive renewable resource in biorefinery for production of value-added platform chemicals and biofuels. The study describes use of different agro-wastes as substrate for production of lactic acid, a C3-platform chemical and high demand industrial product by Lactobacillus brevis in a one-pot bioprocess. The simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) process was achieved by L. brevis governed fermentation of sugars, derived from saccharification of ionic liquid pretreated feedstocks by nanoimmobilized cellulase, which was further recovered and used for consecutive cycle...
December 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287318/how-ingredients-influence-furan-and-aroma-generation-in-sponge-cake
#8
Mayela Cepeda-Vázquez, Barbara Rega, Nicolas Descharles, Valérie Camel
A wide range of compounds can be formed during thermal processing of food, some of which are relevant for aroma (e.g., furfural), while others are of great health concern (e.g., furan). This paper presents the study of formulation as affecting the simultaneous generation of furan and furfural, along with other aroma quality markers, in sponge cake by means of headspace trap/GC-MS. Ingredients were screened according to their category (fat, salt, sugar, egg-based). Glucose-containing formulation resulted in the highest content of furan and furfural (12...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281811/enhanced-dewaterability-of-sludge-during-anaerobic-digestion-with-thermal-hydrolysis-pretreatment-new-insights-through-structure-evolution
#9
Jingsi Zhang, Ning Li, Xiaohu Dai, Wenquan Tao, Ian R Jenkinson, Zhuo Li
Comprehensive insights into the sludge digestate dewaterability were gained through porous network structure of sludge. We measured the evolution of digestate dewaterability, represented by the solid content of centrifugally dewatered cake, in high-solids sequencing batch digesters with and without thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP). The results show that the dewaterability of the sludge after digestion was improved by 3.5% (±0.5%) for unpretreated sludge and 5.1% (±0.4%) for thermally hydrolyzed sludge...
December 19, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250753/the-purification-and-characterization-of-lipases-from-lasiodiplodia-theobromae-and-their-immobilization-and-use-for-biodiesel-production-from-coconut-oil
#10
Balaji Venkatesagowda, Ebenezer Ponugupaty, Aneli M Barbosa-Dekker, Robert F H Dekker
The coconut kernel-associated fungus, Lasiodiplodia theobromae VBE1, was grown on coconut cake with added coconut oil as lipase inducer under solid-state fermentation conditions. The extracellular-produced lipases were purified and resulted in two enzymes: lipase A (68,000 Da)-purified 25.41-fold, recovery of 47.1%-and lipase B (32,000 Da)-purified 18.47-fold, recovery of 8.2%. Both lipases showed optimal activity at pH 8.0 and 35 °C, were activated by Ca2+, exhibited highest specificity towards coconut oil and p-nitrophenyl palmitate, and were stable in iso-octane and hexane...
December 18, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249923/an-exploration-of-socio-economic-and-food-characteristics-of-high-trans-fatty-acid-consumers-in-the-dutch-and-uk-national-surveys-after-voluntary-product-reformulation
#11
H L Rippin, J Hutchinson, M Ocke, J Jewell, J J Breda, J E Cade
Trans fatty acids (TFA) increase the risk of mortality and chronic diseases. TFA intakes have fallen since reformulation, but may still be high in certain, vulnerable, groups. This paper investigates socio-economic and food consumption characteristics of high TFA consumers after voluntary reformulation in the Netherlands and UK. Post-reformulation data of adults aged 19-64 was analysed in two national surveys: the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) collected 2007-2010 using 2*24hr recalls (N = 1933) and the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) years 3&4 collected 2010/11 and 2011/12 using 4-day food diaries (N = 848)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248710/influence-of-solid-liquid-separation-method-parameters-employed-in-soil-leaching-tests-on-apparent-metal-concentration
#12
Yukari Imoto, Tetsuo Yasutaka, Masayuki Someya, Kazuo Higashino
Soil leaching tests are commonly used to evaluate the leachability of hazardous materials, such as heavy metals, from the soil. Batch leaching tests often enhance soil colloidal mobility and may require solid-liquid separation procedures to remove excess soil particles. However, batch leaching test results depend on particles that can pass through a 0.45μm membrane filter and are influenced by test parameters such as centrifugal intensity and filtration volume per filter. To evaluate these parameters, we conducted batch leaching experiments using metal-contaminated soils and focused on the centrifugal intensity and filtration volume per filter used in solid-liquid separation methods currently employed in standard leaching tests...
December 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244538/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-quality-of-life-changes-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-colocare-study
#13
Biljana Gigic, Heiner Boeing, Reka Toth, Jürgen Böhm, Nina Habermann, Dominique Scherer, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Stephanie Skender, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Karen Syrjala, Paul B Jacobsen, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Cornelia M Ulrich
Quality of life (QoL) is an important clinical outcome in cancer patients. We investigated associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The study included 192 CRC patients with available EORTC QLQ-C30 data before and 12 months post-surgery and food frequency questionnaire data at 12 months post-surgery. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Multivariate regression models assessed associations between dietary patterns and QoL changes over time...
January 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238885/peanut-cake-can-replace-soybean-meal-in-supplements-for-lactating-cows-without-affecting-production
#14
Carina Anunciação Santos Dias, Adriana Regina Bagaldo, Weiler Giacomaza Cerutti, Analívia Martins Barbosa, Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho, Emellinne Ingrid Souza Costa, Leilson Rocha Bezerra, Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira
This study evaluated the total replacement of soybean meal with peanut cake in the concentrate supplement of lactating cows grazing. Eight crossbred 5/8 Holstein × 3/8 Zebu cows between the 45th and 60th day of lactation and 507 ± 35 kg BW were distributed in a 4 × 4 double Latin square design with four levels of peanut cake (0, 110, 220, and 330 g/kg of the dry matter-DM) as a replacement of soybean meal in the concentrate supplement. The intake of pasture, total (pasture + concentrate), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), total digestible nutrients, and digestibility of the DM, CP, ether extract (EE), and NDF was not affected by the replacement of soybean meal with peanut cake...
December 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231606/-clinical-study-of-medicinal-cake-separated-moxibustion-for-senile-osteoporosis
#15
Yuqing Zeng, Dingyan Bi, Zhan Yi, Jianwei Lu, Fuhua Zhong, Binfeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy and partial mechanism of medicinal-cake-separated moxibustion for senile osteoporosis. METHODS: Sixty cases of senile osteoporosis were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group according to the random digits table, 30 cases in each one. The two groups were both treated with basic treatment of western medicine. The acupoints included four groups:① Dazhui (GV 14), Dazhu (BL 11) and Ganshu (BL 18); ② Zhongwan (CV 12), Danzhong (CV 17) and Zusanli (ST 36); ③ Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23) and Mingmen (GV 4); ④ Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4)...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229244/the-functional-properties-and-structural-characteristics-of-deamidated-and-succinylated-wheat-gluten
#16
Yanhong Liu, Lingling Zhang, Yongxiang Li, Yang Yang, Fei Yang, Shuo Wang
Wheat gluten protein (WGP) was modified by deamidation and succinylation to improve its functional properties. The properties of deamidated and succinylated WGP were compared with those of unmodified WGP, deamidated WGP and succinylated WGP. Structural analysis was carried out with FTIR. Surface visualization was carried out with SEM and the thermal stability was determined by DSC. The results showed that an acylation level of 73.64% produced the optimal properties for modified WGP. After modification, its functional properties were significantly improved...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224869/effects-of-straw-processing-and-pen-overstocking-on-the-growth-performance-and-sorting-characteristics-of-diets-offered-to-replacement-holstein-dairy-heifers
#17
W K Coblentz, M S Akins, N M Esser, R K Ogden, S L Gelsinger
Our objectives were to evaluate the effects of pen-stocking density and straw processing on the growth performance, feed-bunk sorting behaviors, and hygiene of Holstein dairy heifers. Two corn silage-alfalfa haylage diets diluted with wheat straw were offered; diet composition was identical, except that one diet contained short (well-processed) straw (SS; 46.0% neutral detergent fiber, 12.9% crude protein, 60.7% total digestible nutrients, TDN), and the other long (poorly processed) straw (LS; 46.5% neutral detergent fiber, 12...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216319/correction-bioactive-properties-of-faveleira-cnidoscolus-quercifolius-seeds-oil-and-press-cake-obtained-during-oilseed-processing
#18
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183935.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205915/kinematic-modelling-of-mechanocatalytic-depolymerization-of-%C3%AE-cellulose-and-beechwood
#19
Martin Kessler, Robert Woodward, Narumi Wong, Roberto Rinaldi
Mechanocatalytic depolymerization of lignocellulose presents a promising method for the solid-state transformation of acidified raw biomass into water-soluble products (WSP). However, the mechanisms underlining the utilization of mechanical forces in the depolymerization is poorly understood. Herein, we applied a kinematic model of the milling process to assess the energy dose transferred to cellulose in its mechanocatalytic depolymerization performed under varied conditions (rotational speed, milling time, ball size and substrate loading)...
December 5, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199499/a-nutritional-evaluation-of-various-typical-italian-breakfast-products-a-comparison-of-macronutrient-composition-and-glycaemic-index-values
#20
Marta Cossu, Laura Chiavaroli, Margherita Dall'Asta, Veronica Francinelli, Francesca Scazzina, Furio Brighenti
Breakfast foods with lower glycaemic responses are associated with better body weight control. Glycaemic index (GI) values of some commonly consumed breakfast foods in Italy were determined and compared, along with macronutrients. Cakes/pastries were low-medium GI (44-60), with high-sugar and saturated fat and low-fibre. Generally, mueslis and breads were medium GI (62-66 and 59-76, respectively) with higher fibre and lower saturated fat and sugar. The addition of spreads to bread lowered GI (47-66) but increased sugar and saturated fat...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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