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Yong Zhang, Meng Mei, Tong Ouyang, Xiaojia Huang
In this work, a new polymeric ionic liquid (PIL)-based sorbent was prepared by in-situ polymerization of 3-(1-ethyl imidazolium-3-yl) propyl-methacrylamido bromide and ethylene dimethacrylate and was used as medium for stir cake sorptive extraction (SCSE) of trace antimony in environmental water samples. The sorbent EPBED was characterized with infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, scanning electron microscopy and mercury intrusion porosimetry. A method for determination of trace antimony in water samples was developed based on the combination of SCSE/EPBED and hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS)...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Hassan A Al-Kahtani, Elsayed A Ismail, Mohammed Asif Ahmed
Pork DNA was detected in meat mixtures using both conventional PCR and real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Thirty meat mixtures containing beef, chicken, camel, rabbit, goat and sheep with varying percentage of pork (0%, 1%, 5%, 10%, and 20%) and 75 commercial food products, were analyzed using conventional and RT-PCR to determine the presence of pork DNA. Pork DNA standard curves and cycle threshold (Ct) values were used for quantification. The detection limits for pork DNA in the mixtures were 0.22, 0.047, 0.048, 0.0000037, 0...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Cristina Segundo, Laura Román, Manuel Gómez, Mario M Martínez
This article describes the effect of mechanically fractionated flours from green bananas on the nutritional, physical and sensory attributes of two types of cakes (sponge and layer). A plausible 30% replacement of banana flour in the formulation of layer cakes is demonstrated, finding only a small decline in the sensory perception. On the contrary, sponge cakes were noticeable worsened with the use of banana flours (lower specific volume, worse sensory attributes and higher hardness), which was minimized when using fine flour...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Abdi Mohammed, Alemayehu Chala, Mashilla Dejene, Chemeda Fininsa, David A Hoisington, Victor S Sobolev, Renee S Arias
This study was conducted to assess major Aspergillus species and aflatoxins associated with groundnut seeds and cake in Eastern Ethiopia and evaluate growers' management practices. A total of 160 groundnut seed samples from farmers' stores and 50 groundnut cake samples from cafe and restaurants were collected. Fungal isolation was done from groundnut seed samples. Aspergillus flavus was the dominant species followed by Aspergillus parasiticus. Aflatoxin analyses of groundnut seed samples were performed using ultra performance liquid chromatography; 22...
December 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
Ahmed M Abdelhamid, Kenda I Hanno, Mohamed H Imam
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this prospective cross-over study is to evaluate the effect of bilateral balanced occlusion and canine guidance occlusion on the masseter muscle activity using implant-retained mandibular overdentures. METHODS: After evaluation of 12 completely edentulous patients using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), mucoperiosteal flaps were reflected exposing the mandibular interforaminal region. Two implants were placed in the interforaminal region for each of the 12 patients...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
M A Sokoto, Rawel Singh, Bhavya B Krishna, Jitendra Kumar, Thallada Bhaskar
Thermal decomposition and kinetics behaviour of the de-oiled seed cake of African star apple (Chrosophyllum albidum) has been investigated using thermogravimetry under the nitrogen atmosphere from ambient temperature to 900 °C. The thermogravimetric data for the cake decomposition at six different heating rates (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 40 °C/min) were used to evaluate the kinetic decomposition of the cake using Friedman (FD), Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) models. Thermal decomposition of the cake showed thermograms indicating dehydration and devolitilization stages (200-400 °C)...
October 2016: Heliyon
Hee Seung Kim, Robert E Bristow, Suk-Joon Chang
OBJECTIVE: The majority of advanced ovarian cancer patients have peritoneal carcinomatosis involving from the pelvis to upper abdomen, which is a major obstacle to optimal cytoreduction. Since total parietal peritonectomy was introduced for treating peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer [3], similar surgical techniques including pelvic peritonectomy have been applied in advanced ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis [1], and these can increase the rate of complete cytoreduction up to 60% [2]...
October 13, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Huiqin Guo, Jingjing Xiong, Wentian Ma, Minghuo Wu, Liushui Yan, Kexin Li, Yu Liu
Molecularly imprinted polymers were synthesized using mixed tea saponins as a template and acrylamide-β-cyclodextrin as a co-functional monomer for the specific binding and purification of tea saponins from the defatted cake extract of Camellia oleifera. The adsorption properties of the prepared polymers were systematically evaluated including adsorption kinetics, adsorption isotherms and selective recognition characteristics. It showed that the adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model (R(2) = 0...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Anuenue Kukona, David Braze, Clinton L Johns, W Einar Mencl, Julie A Van Dyke, James S Magnuson, Kenneth R Pugh, Donald P Shankweiler, Whitney Tabor
Recent studies have found considerable individual variation in language comprehenders' predictive behaviors, as revealed by their anticipatory eye movements during language comprehension. The current study investigated the relationship between these predictive behaviors and the language and literacy skills of a diverse, community-based sample of young adults. We found that rapid automatized naming (RAN) was a key determinant of comprehenders' prediction ability (e.g., as reflected in predictive eye movements to a white cake on hearing "The boy will eat the white…")...
October 7, 2016: Acta Psychologica
Tammie Wei Yi Tham, Xu Xu, Andrew Ti Heong Yeoh, Weibiao Zhou
Three commercial infant formulas (denoted as P1, P2 and P3) were stored at 25, 45 and 60°C for up to 6weeks to study the caking phenomenon caused by fat bridging. At 60°C, both the surface free-fat content and the caking strength increased significantly. Analysis of the fatty acid composition of P1 showed that high-melting-point fatty acids were present on powder surface whereas low-melting-point fatty acids remained within powder particles. There was no preferential migration or retention of specific fatty acids in P2...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Janaina Barros Luz, Kaliandra Souza Alves, Rafael Mezzomo, Ernestina Ribeiro Dos Santos Neta, Daiany Íris Gomes, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Josiane Costa Silva, Francisco Fernando Ramos de Carvalho
The study aimed to evaluate the effect of the partial replacement of elephant grass silage with babassu cake (Orbignya speciosa) on the carcass characteristics and meat quality of feedlot lambs. Forty-five castrated male Santa Ines sheep (19.08 ± 0.41 kg) approximately 4 months old were distributed in a completely randomized design, with five treatments 0.0, 12.5, 25.0, 37.5 and 50 % (%DM) replacement of babassu cake with silage forming isoproteic diets formulated at a ratio of 40 % roughage to 60 % concentrate...
October 6, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Yaxiao Guo, Changshuai Shang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Erkang Wang
We established a three-tiered cake-like hybrid (MS2@MoS2/rGO, M = Fe or Ni) with the MS2 nanoparticles distributed over the platform of MoS2 and graphene (MoS2/rGO), which exhibits superior HER electrocatalytic activity as well as excellent electrochemical durability. The enhanced electrocatalytic activity benefits from the unique synergistic effects of graphene sheets enhancing the conductivity of the hybrid, MS2 (M = Fe or Ni) nanoparticles and MoS2 nanosheets providing abundant electrocatalytically active sites...
September 27, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xiang Li, Huaili Zheng, Baoyu Gao, Yongjun Sun, Bingzhi Liu, Chuanliang Zhao
Flocculation as the core technology of sludge pretreatment can improve the dewatering performance of sludge that enables to reduce the cost of sludge transportation and the subsequent disposal costs. Therefore, synthesis of high-efficiency and economic flocculant is remarkably desired in this field. This study presents a cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) flocculant with microblock structure synthesized through ultraviolet (UV)-initiated template copolymerization by using acrylamide (AM) and methacrylamido propyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (MAPTAC) as monomers, sodium polyacrylate (PAAS) as template, and 2,2'-azobis [2-(2-imidazolin-2-yl) propane] dihydrochloride (VA-044) as photoinitiator...
October 3, 2016: Chemosphere
Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Aline Mendes, Sandra Patricia Crispim, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Regina Mara Fisberg
BACKGROUND: Although studies show that portion size affects energy intake, few have demonstrated a link between portion size and weight status, especially in free-living populations. The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between food portion sizes and overweight in a representative population of adults of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based study with 1005 adults from São Paulo, Brazil. Dietary data were obtained from two 24-hour recalls...
2016: PloS One
Claudia Fruijtier-Pölloth
Particle sizes of E 551 products are in the micrometre range. The typical external diameters of the constituent particles (aggregates) are greater than 100 nm. E 551 does not break down under acidic conditions such as in the stomach, but may release dissolved silica in environments with higher pH such as the intestinal tract. E 551 is one of the toxicologically most intensively studied substances and has not shown any relevant systemic or local toxicity after oral exposure. Synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) meeting the specifications for use as a food additive (E 551) is and has always been produced by the same two production methods: the thermal and the wet processes, resulting in E 551 products consisting of particles typically in the micrometre size range...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Giovanni Benelli, Angelo Canale, Chiara Toniolo, Akon Higuchi, Kadarkarai Murugan, Roman Pavela, Marcello Nicoletti
Pesticide resistance is going to change rapidly our antibiotics and insecticides arsenal. In this scenario, plant-derived natural products are considered valuable candidates to reverse this negative trend. Growing research attention is focused on neem (Azadirachta indica, Meliaceae), exploring the utility of its products as insecticides and antibiotics. In this review, we summarised the knowledge on neem oil and neem cake by-products in arthropod pest control, with special reference to mosquito vectors of public health importance...
August 12, 2016: Natural Product Research
Pedro F N Souza, Ilka M Vasconcelos, Fredy D A Silva, Frederico B Moreno, Ana C O Monteiro-Moreira, Luciana M R Alencar, Angélica S G Abreu, Jeanlex S Sousa, José T A Oliveira
Hospital-acquired infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria threaten the lives of many citizens all over the world. Discovery of new agents to hinder bacterial development would have a significant impact on the treatment of infections. Here, the purification and characterization of Rc-2S-Alb, a protein that belongs to the 2S albumin family, from Ricinus communis seed cake, are reported. Rc-2S-Alb was purified after protein extraction with Tris-HCl buffer, pH 7.5, fractionation by ammonium sulfate (50-75%), and chromatography on Phenyl-Sepharose and DEAE-Sepharose...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Katharina S Weber, Birgit Knebel, Klaus Strassburger, Jörg Kotzka, Peter Stehle, Julia Szendroedi, Karsten Müssig, Anette E Buyken, Michael Roden
AIMS: In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), responsiveness of serum lipid concentrations to dietary patterns may vary by genotype. The aims of the present study were to identify explorative dietary patterns and to examine their independent associations with serum lipid levels and interactions with apolipoprotein (Apo)A5 and ApoE variants among patients recently diagnosed with T2D. METHODS: Within a cross-sectional analysis, participants of the German Diabetes Study (n = 348) with mean T2D duration of 6 months were investigated for fasting serum lipid levels, ApoA5 and ApoE genotypes; food consumption frequencies were assessed by a food propensity questionnaire...
September 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Cristina Eslava-Zomeño, Amparo Quiles, Isabel Hernando
The fat in a sponge cake formulation was partially replaced (0%, 30%, 50%, and 70%) with OptiSol™5300.This natural functional ingredient derived from flax seeds, rich in fiber and alpha-linoleic acid, provides a natural substitute for guar and xanthan gums, avoiding E-numbers on labels. The structure and some physicochemical properties of the formulations were examined, sensory analysis was conducted and changes in starch digestibility due to adding this ingredient were determined. Increasing quantities of OptiSol™5300 gave harder cakes, with less weight loss during baking, without affecting the final cake height...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
Leila Negahdar, Arturo Gonzalez-Quiroga, Daria Otyuskaya, Hilal E Toraman, Li Liu, Johann T B H Jastrzebski, Kevin M Van Geem, Guy B Marin, Joris W Thybaut, Bert M Weckhuysen
Fast pyrolysis bio-oils are feasible energy carriers and a potential source of chemicals. Detailed characterization of bio-oils is essential to further develop its potential use. In this study, quantitative (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance ((13)C NMR) combined with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) was used to characterize fast pyrolysis bio-oils originated from pinewood, wheat straw, and rapeseed cake. The combination of both techniques provided new information on the chemical composition of bio-oils for further upgrading...
September 6, 2016: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
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