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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#1
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775427/determination-of-fipronil-and-its-metabolites-in-chicken-egg-muscle-and-cake-by-a-modified-quechers-method-coupled-with-lc-ms-ms
#2
Qiaozhen Guo, Shan Zhao, Jing Zhang, Kailun Qi, Zhenxia Du, Bing Shao
An easy-to-use method for determining the levels of fipronil and its metabolites (fipronil-desulfinyl, fipronil-sulfone and fipronil-sulfide) in chicken egg, muscle and cake was developed and validated using a modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) approach coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis. The samples were extracted using acetonitrile, salted out with sodium chloride at -20 °C, and then purified by combined PSA and C18 phases and anhydrous magnesium sulfate...
May 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767085/nitrogen-fractionation-of-certain-conventional-and-lesser-known-by-products-for-ruminants
#3
M S Mahesh, Sudarshan S Thakur, Rohit Kumar, Tariq A Malik, Rajkumar Gami
Dietary proteins for ruminants are fractionated according to solubility, degradability and digestibility. In the present experiment, 11 vegetable protein meals and cakes used in ruminant nutrition were included with a main focus on determining various nitrogen (N) fractions in vitro . Total N (N × 6.25) content varied from 22.98% (mahua cake) to 65.16% (maize gluten meal), respectively. Guar meal korma contained the lowest and rice gluten meal had the highest acid detergent insoluble nitrogen (ADIN; N × 6...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767061/biochemical-and-histopathological-changes-in-sheep-fed-different-detoxified-karanj-pongamia-glabra-seed-cake-as-partial-protein-supplements
#4
Nira M Soren, Anil K Sharma, Vadali R B Sastry
The study investigated the long-term effect of feeding processed solvent extracted karanj ( Pongamia glabra ) cake (SKC) on gross pathology and histopathological changes in some vital organs, and on the activities of serum enzymes in Jalauni lambs. Twenty-four male lambs were divided into 4 groups and allotted randomly to a soybean meal (SBM) based control (CON) and 3 treatment groups receiving concentrate mixtures, containing water washed (WW), 2.5% lime (LM) and 0.4% binder (BN) treated SKC replacing 50% nitrogen of SBM to meet the protein requirements...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766436/effects-of-fouling-on-separation-performance-by-forward-osmosis-the-role-of-specific-organic-foulants
#5
Lei Zheng, William E Price, Long D Nghiem
In this study, forward osmosis (FO) membranes and fouling solutions were systematically characterized to elucidate the effects of organic fouling on the rejection of two pharmaceutically active compounds, namely, sulfamethoxazole and carbamazepine. Municipal wastewater resulted in a more severe flux decline compared to humic acid and sodium alginate fouling solutions. This result is consistent with the molecular weight distribution of these foulant solutions. Liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection analysis shows that municipal wastewater consists of mostly low molecular weight acids and neutrals, which produce a more compact cake layer on the membrane surface...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763975/chemical-constituents-of-the-seed-cake-of-camellia-oleifera-and-their-antioxidant-and-antimelanogenic-activities
#6
Wan-Fang Zhu, Ci-Li Wang, Feng Ye, Hao-Peng Sun, Cong-Yu Ma, Wen-Yuan Liu, Feng Feng, Masahiko Abe, Toshihiro Akihisa, Jie Zhang
There is a growing interest in the exploitation of agricultural byproducts. This study explored the potential beneficial health effects from the main biowaste, tea seed pomace of Camellia oleifera Abel. (Theaceae), produced when tea seed is processed. Eighteen compounds were isolated from the 70% EtOH extract of the seed cake of C. oleifera. Their structures were determined by ESI-MS, 1 H NMR and 13 C NMR together with literature data. All fractions and compounds were evaluated for the antioxidant, and melanogenesis inhibitory activities...
May 15, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757839/looking-forward-to-better-weather-and-cake
#7
Charon A Pierson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741132/pumpkin-seed-cake-as-a-fishmeal-substitute-in-fish-nutrition-effects-on-growth-performance-morphological-traits-and-fillet-colour-of-two-freshwater-salmonids-and-two-catfish-species
#8
Alexander Michael Greiling, Christiane Schwarz, Martin Gierus, Markus Rodehutscord
The objectives of this study were to investigate the digestibility of pumpkin seed cake (PSC) for the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), and effects on performance and product quality traits of four different fish species when PSC partially replaced fishmeal in extruded diets. A digestibility trial was carried out to determine apparent digestibility coefficients (ADC) for crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE) and gross energy (GE) of PSC fed to rainbow trout. In subsequent growth trials, effects on performance and morphological traits and fillet colour values of four different fish species [rainbow trout; brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814); African sharptooth catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822); and wels catfish, Silurus glanis (Linnaeus, 1758)] were evaluated when 60% of fishmeal protein of a reference diet was replaced by PSC protein (based on digestible CP)...
June 2018: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740229/enzymatic-extract-containing-lignin-peroxidase-immobilized-on-carbon-nanotubes-potential-biocatalyst-in-dye-decolourization
#9
Sabrina Feliciano Oliveira, José Maria Rodrigues da Luz, Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya, Luiz Orlando Ladeira, Ary Correa Junior
The majority of the textile dyes are harmful to the environment and potentially carcinogenic. Among strategies for their exclusion, the treatment of dye contaminated wastewater with fungal extract, containing lignin peroxidase (LiP), may be useful. Two fungi isolates, Pleurotus ostreatus (PLO9) and Ganoderma lucidum (GRM117), produced the enzymatic extract by fermentation in the lignocellulosic residue, Jatropha curcas seed cake. The extracts from PLO9 and GRM117 were immobilized on carbon nanotubes and showed an increase of 18 and 27-fold of LiP specific activity compared to the free enzyme...
May 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735072/characterization-of-virgin-walnut-oils-and-their-residual-cakes-produced-from-different-varieties
#10
Rosa M Ojeda-Amador, María Desamparados Salvador, Sergio Gómez-Alonso, Giuseppe Fregapane
This study addresses the composition and properties of different walnut varieties (Chandler, Hartley and Lara), in particular their virgin oils and residual cakes obtained by screw pressing employing different cultivars. Among nuts, walnut (Juglans regia L.) exhibits interesting nutritional value, mainly due to their high content in linoleic acid, phenolic and tocopherol compounds, which show antioxidant and other healthy properties. Valuable results related to fatty acid profile and minor components were observed...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735057/sapucaia-nut-lecythis-pisonis-cambess-and-its-by-products-a-promising-and-underutilized-source-of-bioactive-compounds-part-i-nutritional-composition-and-lipid-profile
#11
Fernanda Demoliner, Priscila de Britto Policarpi, Juliano Carvalho Ramos, Vera Lúcia Azzolin Frescura Bascuñan, Roseli Aparecida Ferrari, Iván Jachmanián, Alicia de Francisco de Casas, Lúcio Flavo Lopes Vasconcelos, Jane Mara Block
The nutritional composition of the sapucaia nut, cake and shell, the nut and cake minerals content and the lipid profile of the nut oil (fatty acids, tocopherols, phytosterols and triacylglycerols) were determined. The nuts and cake exhibited a high content of lipid (47.9 to 60.8 mg 100 g-1 ), protein (15.8 to 19.5 mg 100 g-1 ), dietary fiber (16.5 to 22.6 mg 100 g-1 ) and provided an excellent source of selenium (26.4 to 46.94 μg g-1 ). The oil contained a high amount of unsaturated fatty acids (39...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732500/identification-of-intentionally-and-non-intentionally-added-substances-in-plastic-packaging-materials-and-their-migration-into-food-products
#12
Verónica García Ibarra, Ana Rodríguez Bernaldo de Quirós, Perfecto Paseiro Losada, Raquel Sendón
Plastic materials are widely used in food packaging applications; however, there is increased concern because of the possible release of undesirable components into foodstuffs. Migration of plastic constituents not only has the potential to affect product quality but also constitutes a risk to consumer health. In order to check the safety of food contact materials, analytical methodologies to identify potential migrants are required. In the first part of this work, a GC/MS screening method was developed for the identification of components from plastic packaging materials including intentionally and "non-intentionally added substances" (NIAS) as potential migrants...
May 7, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728967/validation-residue-analysis-and-risk-assessment-of-fipronil-and-flonicamid-in-cotton-gossypium-sp-samples-and-soil
#13
Suchi Chawla, Hetal N Gor, Hemlatta K Patel, Kaushik D Parmar, Anil R Patel, Varsha Shukla, Mohammad Ilyas, Satish K Parsai, Somashekar, Roop Singh Meena, Paresh G Shah
Cotton crop is highly susceptible to attack by sucking pests. Being an important oilseed and feed crop, it is essential to monitor the pesticides and ensure health protection at consumer level. Therefore, a method was validated to estimate fipronil and flonicamid in various cotton samples and risk assessment was performed. Contamination of oil in the extracts from the various oil seeds and cake samples is a major problem as this oil contaminates the column and interferes with the detection of pesticides. The present manuscript for the first time describes successful analysis of the pesticides from various cotton samples including cotton oil, seed, and cake...
May 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722683/improvement-of-sewage-sludge-dewaterability-by-bioleaching-in-a-continuous-plug-flow-bioreactor-optimization-of-process-parameters
#14
Jingqing Gao, Na Ma, Linshuai Li, Songfeng Zhu, Yonghong Li, Jie Chen, Yong Chen
A novel process for sewage sludge bioleaching by mixed Thiobacilli (Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans) using a 12-stage, 180 L working volume continuous plug-flow bioreactor, is presented. The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of some parameters on the sludge dewaterability and to improve the sludge dewaterability by optimization of these parameters. The parameters examined were sludge moisture content, nutrients dosage, aeration rate, and the number of reactors...
May 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720928/evaluation-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-cardiovascular-disease-related-diet-and-lifestyle-factors
#15
Karianne Svendsen, Hege Berg Henriksen, Beate Østengen, David R Jacobs, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Monica H Carlsen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: The Vascular lifestyle-Intervention and Screening in phArmacies (VISA) study investigates diet and lifestyle factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As part of the study methodology, a short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the VISA-FFQ, was adapted from the Norwegian NORDIET-FFQ. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the VISA-FFQ and its ability to estimate intakes of foods and lifestyle factors in screening for elevated risk of CVD...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715647/citric-acid-assisted-fenton-like-process-for-enhanced-dewaterability-of-waste-activated-sludge-with-in-situ-generation-of-hydrogen-peroxide
#16
Keke Xiao, Kangyue Pei, Hui Wang, Wenbo Yu, Sha Liang, Jingping Hu, Huijie Hou, Bingchuan Liu, Jiakuan Yang
Fenton's reagent has been widely used to enhance sludge dewaterability. However, drawbacks associated with hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) in Fenton's reagents exist, since it is a hazardous chemical and shows carcinogenicity, explosivity, instability, and corrosivity. Moreover, initial acidification and subsequent neutralization are needed as optimal conditions for homogeneous Fenton conditioning and final filtrate discharge. In this study, a Fenton-like process for the enhanced dewaterability of waste activated sludge with in-situ generation of H2 O2 and without extra pH adjustment was firstly proposed, namely citric acid (CA)-assisted oxygen activation in an air/nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) system and chemical re-coagulation with polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDMDAAC)...
April 24, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700100/are-sweet-snacks-more-sensitive-to-price-increases-than-sugar-sweetened-beverages-analysis-of-british-food-purchase-data
#17
Richard D Smith, Laura Cornelsen, Diana Quirmbach, Susan A Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
OBJECTIVES: Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is now advocated, and implemented, in many countries as a measure to reduce the purchase and consumption of sugar to tackle obesity. To date, there has been little consideration of the potential impact that such a measure could have if extended to other sweet foods, such as confectionery, cakes and biscuits that contribute more sugar to the diet than SSBs. The objective of this study is to compare changes in the demand for sweet snacks and SSBs arising from potential price increases...
April 26, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698727/merits-and-limitations-of-dynamic-vapor-sorption-studies-on-the-morphology-and-physicochemical-state-of-freeze-dried-products
#18
Claudia Kunz, Henning Gieseler
The goal of the present study was to assess the applicability of dynamic vapor sorption (DVS) analysis of freeze dried products. Water vapor sorption profiles of intact and ground cakes were recorded to determine the relevance of powder handling. Grinding prior to measurements appeared to be related with a more rapid uptake of water vapor and crystallization. Crystallization may be prevented when analyzing intact cakes. More hygroscopic materials appeared to require a longer time to achieve a constant mass...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695705/dietary-patterns-and-type-2-diabetes-among-ghanaian-migrants-in-europe-and-their-compatriots-in-ghana-the-rodam-study
#19
Cecilia Galbete, Mary Nicolaou, Karlijn Meeks, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Stephen K Amoah, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Joachim Spranger, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik Beune, Karien Stronks, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the associations of dietary patterns (DPs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Ghanaian adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the multi-centre, cross-sectional RODAM (Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants) study (n = 4543), three overall DPs ("mixed", "rice, pasta, meat and fish," and "roots, tubers and plantain") and two site-specific DPs per study site (rural Ghana, urban Ghana and Europe) were identified by principal component analysis...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694149/particle-size-exclusion-clogging-regimes-in-porous-media
#20
G Gerber, S Rodts, P Aimedieu, P Faure, P Coussot
From observations of the progressive deposition of noncolloidal particles by geometrical exclusion effects inside a 3D model porous medium, we get a complete dynamic view of particle deposits over a full range of regimes from transport over a long distance to clogging and caking. We show that clogging essentially occurs in the form of an accumulation of elements in pore size clusters, which ultimately constitute regions avoided by the flow. The clusters are dispersed in the medium, and their concentration (number per volume) decreases with the distance from the entrance; caking is associated with the final stage of this effect (for a critical cluster concentration at the entrance)...
April 6, 2018: Physical Review Letters
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