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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932548/total-control-of-chromium-in-tanneries-thermal-decomposition-of-filtration-cake-from-enzymatic-hydrolysis-of-chrome-shavings
#1
P Kocurek, K Kolomazník, M Bařinová, J Hendrych
This paper deals with the problem of chromium recovery from chrome-tanned waste and thus with reducing the environmental impact of the leather industry. Chrome-tanned waste was transformed by alkaline enzymatic hydrolysis promoted by magnesium oxide into practically chromium-free, commercially applicable collagen hydrolysate and filtration cake containing a high portion of chromium. The crude and magnesium-deprived chromium cakes were subjected to a process of thermal decomposition at 650°C under oxygen-free conditions to reduce the amount of this waste and to study the effect of magnesium removal on the resulting products...
December 8, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925212/sucrose-replacement-in-high-ratio-white-layer-cakes
#2
Rebecca A Miller, Orelia E Dann, Amanda R Oakley, Megan E Angermayer, Katherine H Brackebusch
BACKGROUND: Several commercially available alternative sweeteners have potential in reducing the caloric content of baked products. Sugar alcohols and natural sweeteners have similar bulk as sucrose and can replace sucrose directly. High intensity sweeteners have high potency but light weight so bulking agents are often added. This study determined alternative sweeteners and combinations of alternative sweetener and a bulking agent that produced good quality white layer cakes. RESULTS: Cakes made with maltitol were acceptable but erythritol and fructose produced undesirable cakes...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919563/waste-management-in-the-meat-processing-industry-conversion-of-paunch-and-daf-sludge-into-solid-fuel
#3
Ihsan Hamawand, Pam Pittaway, Larry Lewis, Sayan Chakrabarty, Justin Caldwell, Jochen Eberhard, Arpita Chakraborty
This article addresses the novel dewatering process of immersion-frying of paunch and dissolved air flotation (DAF) sludge to produce high energy pellets. Literature have been analysed to address the feasibility of replacing conventional boiler fuel at meat processing facilities with high energy paunch-DAF sludge pellets (capsules). The value proposition of pelleting and frying this mixture into energy pellets is based on a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA). The CBA is based on information derived from the literature and consultation with the Australian Meat Processing Industry...
December 2, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915213/case-report-of-cholelithiasis-in-a-patient-with-type-1-gaucher-disease
#4
Afrim Avdaj, Naim Fanaj, Mirsade Osmani, Agron Bytyqi, Anila Cake
INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 1 Gaucher disease have been reported to be more likely to have cholelithiasis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A case of cholelithiasis in a patient with type 1 Gaucher disease; which is very intriguing to show this comorbidity. The case was the only known case with this pathology in time of diagnosis in our country (Kosovo). The patient is a 21-year old girl a known case of type 1 Gaucher disease, at the age of 8 years. The patient underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914913/vitamin-fortified-snack-food-may-lead-consumers-to-make-poor-dietary-decisions
#5
Linda Verrill, Dallas Wood, Sheryl Cates, Amy Lando, Yuanting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) fortification policy discourages the fortification of certain foods, including sugars and snack foods such as cookies, candies, cakes, chips, and carbonated beverages, yet manufacturers sometimes add vitamins and minerals to snack foods. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether vitamin-fortified snack foods affect consumers' information-seeking, purchase decisions, and product-related health perceptions. DESIGN: For this experimental study, participants were randomly assigned to study conditions to compare products that varied in product type, nutrition profile, and fortification and nutrient claim status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914643/fate-and-effect-of-imidacloprid-on-vermicompost-amended-soils-under-dissimilar-conditions-risk-for-soil-functions-structure-and-bacterial-abundance
#6
Jean Manuel Castillo Diaz, Fabrice Martin-Laurent, Jérèmie Beguet, Rogelio Nogales, Esperanza Romero
The fate and impact of pesticide on soil depend partly on the agricultural practices, such as prior treatment with pesticide and/or organic amendments. As a means of determining how the previous soil conditions can affect the fate of imidacloprid (IMI) and its effect on soil functions, experiments were made with soil samples, double-amended or not with either vine-shoot (W) or olive cake (O) vermicompost or contaminated or not with IMI. These soil samples, incubated for 3months, were placed in two microcosms (M1 with the pre-amended soils and M2 with the pre-exposed soils), treated with IMI and amended with vermicomposts and then incubated for 3months...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909946/norovirus-gii-17-outbreak-linked-to-an-infected-post-symptomatic-food-worker-in-a-french-military-unit-located-in-france
#7
Marc-Antoine Sanchez, Simon-Pierre Corcostégui, Charles-Arnaud De Broucker, Olivier Cabre, Stéphanie Watier-Grillot, Sylvie Perelle, Katia Ambert-Balay, Vincent Pommier de Santi
In February 2016, an outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in a French military unit located in Poitiers, France. Attack rate was of 34% (103/300). A case-control study identified association between illness and cake consumption. Stool samples were tested positive for Norovirus GII.17 for one patient and one post-symptomatic food worker (FW). The FW presented vomiting one day before cake preparation. The NoV strain was probably spread through food worker hand contact. Prevention of Norovirus foodborne outbreaks implies new guidelines for FWs management in France and Europe...
December 1, 2016: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898972/intake-digestibility-performance-and-nitrogen-metabolism-of-feedlot-finished-young-bulls-fed-diets-containing-peanut-cake
#8
B R Correia, G G P de Carvalho, R L Oliveira, A J V Pires, O L Ribeiro, R R Silva, A G Leão, P A Oliveira
This aim of this study was to evaluate the use of peanut cake as a dietary substitute for soybean meal and to determine the effects on intake, apparent digestibility, performance, and N metabolism in feedlot-finished young bulls. Thirty-two young Nellore bulls with an average initial BW of 390 ± 43.5 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design and individually housed in stalls. The young bulls were fed Tifton 85 hay and 4 concentrate mixes containing 0, 33, 66, or 100% peanut cake replacing soybean meal...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896443/dietary-sources-of-sugars-in-adolescents-diet-the-helena-study
#9
M I Mesana, A Hilbig, O Androutsos, M Cuenca-García, J Dallongeville, I Huybrechts, S De Henauw, K Widhalm, A Kafatos, E Nova, A Marcos, M González-Gross, D Molnar, F Gottrand, L A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To report dietary sugars consumption and their different types and food sources, in European adolescents. METHODS: Food consumption data of selected groups were obtained from 1630 adolescents (45.6% males, 12.5-17.5 years) from the HELENA study using two nonconsecutive 24-h recalls. Energy intake, total sugars and free sugars were assessed using the HELENA-DIAT software. Multiple regression analyses were performed adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: Total sugars intake (137...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894040/plausible-exploitation-of-jatropha-de-oiled-seed-cake-for-lipase-and-phytase-production-and-simultaneous-detoxification-by-candida-parapsilosis-isolated-from-poultry-garbage
#10
Balakrishna Kannoju, Swaruparani Ganapathiwar, Hanumalal Nunavath, Bindu Sunkar, Bhima Bhukya
Jatropha de-oiled seed cake was explored to utilize as a basic nutrient source for Candida parapsilosis, isolated from poultry garbage and selected based on the production of lipase and phytase enzymes under submerged fermentation. At optimized parameters under solid-state fermentation, lipase and phytase activities were recorded as 1056.66±2.92 and 833±2.5U/g of substrate (U/g), respectively. Besides enzyme production, complete elimination of phorbol esters and significant phytate reduction from 6.51±0...
November 19, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881038/-enhance-her-pleasure-and-your-grip-strength-men-s-health-magazine-and-pseudo-reciprocal-pleasure
#11
Chelsey Nicole Porter, Nick Douglas, Martine Collumbien
This paper provides a snapshot of the Top Ten free, digital Men's Health magazine articles, accessed on a randomly selected day, that can be viewed as a collection; both a product for readership consumption and a construct of readership priorities. Through close textual analysis, we examine how discourses about masculinity, heterosex and consumerism have intersected to create a model of masculinity based on the discipline of male pleasure, which impacts on men's approach to female pleasure and gender dynamics...
November 24, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880986/nutrients-amino-acid-fatty-acid-and-non-starch-polysaccharide-profile-and-in-vitro-digestibility-of-macadamia-nut-cake-in-swine
#12
Utsav P Tiwari, Rajesh Jha
The highly variable cost and limited availability of conventional feedstuffs make it imperative to explore alternative feedstuffs to be used in swine. Macadamia nut cake (MNC), a coproduct of the macadamia nut oil industry, has not been well studied. MNC was analyzed for its nutrient profile, gross energy (GE), fibers, amino acids and fatty acids content. Dry matter (DM) and GE digestibility of MNC in swine was determined using an in vitro model. On a DM basis, ash, crude protein, ether extract, NDF, ADF, lignin and GE were found to be 3...
November 23, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870538/foodborne-infections-and-intoxications-in-poland-in-2014
#13
Piotr Polański, Sylwia Kamińska, Małgorzata Sadkowska-Todys
AIM: The purpose of the study is to assess the epidemiological situation of food poisonings and infections in Poland in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation was based on the analysis of information sent to Department of Epidemiology NIPH-NIH through ROE (Pol. Rejestr Ognisk Epidemicznych)- an electronic system created for uploading, transfer and analysis of data acquired during the outbreak investigations). Additional sources for the analysis were NIZP-PZH annual bulletins (Czarkowski MP et al...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863738/presence-of-an-adsorbent-cake-layer-improves-the-performance-of-gravity-driven-membrane-gdm-filtration-system
#14
Senlin Shao, Yijing Feng, Huarong Yu, Jiangyun Li, Guibai Li, Heng Liang
Gravity-driven membrane (GDM) filtration is a promising decentralized drinking water treatment process. To improve the performance of GDM system, a thin layer of adsorbent was pre-deposited on the membrane surface prior to filtration (adsorbent-laden GDM system). The tested adsorbents include powdered activated carbon (PAC) and anion exchange resin (AER), and an unmodified GDM system and a SiO2-laden GDM system were used as controls. In the adsorbent-laden GDM systems, the adsorption of the PAC and AER increased the removal efficiency of natural organic matter by 7...
January 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863677/an-observational-study-of-the-effect-of-vibration-on-the-caking-of-suspensions-in-oily-vehicles
#15
Rohit Jain, Olaf Bork, Fadil Alawi, Karthigeyan Nanjan, Ian G Tucker
An oily suspension of penethamate (PNT) that was physically stable on storage, caked solidly during road/air transport. This paper reports on the caking behaviour of PNT oily suspension formulations exposed to vibrations in a lab-based test designed to simulate road/air transport. The lab-test was used to study the effects of container type (glass v PET) and formulation (oil, surfactant type and concentration) on the physical stability of suspension under vibration. Redispersibility of the sediment was lower at longer vibrations times and at higher intensity of vibration...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857029/carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-of-lambs-that-are-fed-diets-with-palm-kernel-cake
#16
Rozilda da Conceição Dos Santos, Daiany Iris Gomes, Kaliandra Souza Alves, Rafael Mezzomo, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Darley Oliveira Cutrim, Samara Bianca Moraes Sacramento, Elizanne de Moura Lima, Francisco Fernando Ramos de Carvalho
The aim was to evaluate carcass characteristics, cut yield, and meat quality in lambs that were fed different inclusion levels of palm kernel cake. Forty-five woolless castrated male Santa Inês crossbred sheep with an initial average body weight of 23.16 ± 0.35 kg were used. The experimental design was a completely randomized design with five treatments, with palm kernel cake in the proportions of 0.0, 7.5, 15.0, 22.5, and 30.0% with nine replications per treatment. The empty body weight, carcass weight and yield, and fat thickness decreased linearly (P<0...
November 17, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855597/study-on-utilization-of-detoxified-jatropha-curcas-seed-cake-subjected-to-solid-state-fermentation-as-a-dietary-supplement-in-wistar-rats
#17
Sharath Bs, Muthukumar Sp, Somashekar Devappa
BACKGROUND: The presence of anti-nutrients and toxins like phorbol esters in Jatropha curcas seed cake (JSC) limits its application in feeds. This study was done to assess the potential of detoxified JSC as rat feed. METHODS: The rats were fed a diet containing 0, 5 and 10% of detoxified fermented JSC for four weeks. For the group I, only casein diet was used in rat feed as a negative control. For the group II, untreated JSC was used in rat feed as a positive control...
November 17, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853780/importance-of-consumer-perceptions-in-fiber-enriched-food-products-a-case-study-with-sponge-cakes
#18
Amparo Tarrega, Amparo Quiles, Pere Morell, Susana Fiszman, Isabel Hernando
Sponge cakes enriched with fiber from different sources (maltodextrin, wheat, apple, blackcurrant and a mixture of potato and Plantago ovata) were studied. Profiling of the different cakes was carried out, first using a check-all-that-apply (CATA) question then evaluating the consumers' likings using a hedonic scale. The consumers also completed a nutrition knowledge (NK) questionnaire that was used to classify them according to their NK level. The instrumental texture of the cakes was evaluated by the texture profile analysis (TPA) method...
November 17, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848445/what-she-s-eating-cake-means-to-a-loved-one
#19
Jane Bates
'How is she?' I enquired of the nurse on the ward. 'Sitting up in bed eating a whopping great piece of chocolate cake,' she replied.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847426/in-vitro-fermentation-characteristics-and-methane-reduction-potential-of-mustard-cake-brassica-juncea-l
#20
S M Durge, M K Tripathi, N Dutta
AIM: To assess the effect of mustard cake (Brassica juncea L.) levels in concentrate mixtures and in composite feed mixtures (CFMs) on in-vitro fermentation characteristics and methane production. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five concentrate mixtures were prepared with containing 30% oil cake, where linseed cake was replaced by mustard cake at the rate of 0%, 7.5%, 15.0%, 22.5%, and 30% in concentrate mixture. Mustard cake contained glucosinolate 72.58 µmol/g oil free dry matter (DM) and contents in diet were 0, 5...
October 2016: Veterinary World
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