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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087921/pathogen-characterization-of-fresh-and-stored-mesophilic-anaerobically-digested-biosolids
#1
Cecily A
Culturable bacterial pathogens (Campylobacter, Salmonella, Listeria, Yersinia) and indicators (E. coli, enterococci, Clostridium perfringens) were quantified at six wastewater treatment plants that land apply anaerobically digested biosolids in Ontario, Canada. Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia were also quantified by PCR. Salmonella and Listeria were frequently detected in sludge and liquid biosolids (70-100% of samples) but less often in fresh dewatered cake biosolids (50-60%); with low levels in fresh cake (<100 cells/g dw)...
January 13, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081203/mechanism-and-parameter-optimization-of-fenton-s-reagent-integrated-with-surfactant-pretreatment-to-improve-sludge-dewaterability
#2
Yi Xing, Zhiqiang Wang, Chen Hong, Qiang Yang, Lihui Feng, Mengmeng Jia, Yifei Li
Sludge dewatering can effectively reduce the volume and mass of sludge for subsequent treatment and disposal. The work validated the potential of Fenton's reagent combined with dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride (DDBAC) in improving sludge dewaterability and proposed the mechanism of joint conditioning. The composite conditioner dosage was optimized using response surface methodology. Results indicated the good conditioning capability of the composite conditioners. The optimum dosages for H2O2, Fe2+, and DDBAC were 44...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078724/application-of-multi-block-analysis-and-mixture-design-with-process-variable-for-development-of-chocolate-cake-containing-yacon-smallanthus-sonchifolius-and-maca-lepidium-meyenii
#3
Marcela Marta Lazaretti Tormena, Luana Tabalipa de Medeiros, Patrícia Casarin de Lima, Gabriela Possebon, Renata Hernandez Barros Fuchs, Evandro Bona
BACKGROUND: In this study, a chocolate cake formulation was developed with partial substitution of wheat flour by yacon and maca flour. A simplex-centroid design was applied to determine the proportions of the three flours and the amount of water was included as a process variable at three distinct levels. According to the overall acceptability of the cakes, the tasters were separated into two groups using the k-means. RESULTS: After segmentation, regression models were constructed for overall acceptability of each group, it is obtained R(2)ajusted values of 92...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070892/extraction-partial-purification-and-characterization-of-amylase-from-parthenocarpic-date-p-dactylifera-effect-on-the-cake-quality
#4
Hanen El Abed, Bassem Khemakhem, Imen Fendri, Mouna Chakroun, Mehdi Triki, Noureddine Drira, Hafedh Mejdoub
BACKGROUND: Phoenix dactylifera L. plays an important role in social, economic, and ecological Tunisian sectors. Some date palms produce parthenocarpic fruit named Sish. The objective of the present study is to extract biomolecules from parthenocarpic fruit by producing value-added products from the fruits. RESULTS: The optimization extraction of amylolytic activity from parthenocarpic fruit (AmyPF) was carried out using Box Behnken Design (BBD). A partial purification of about 250 folds with an activity yield of 47% was achieved...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065181/effects-of-a-healthier-snack-on-snacking-habits-and-glycated-hb-hba1c-a-6-week-intervention-study
#5
Mary R Yan, Andrew Parsons, Gillian A Whalley, Elaine C Rush
Dietary behaviour modification may change eating habits and reduce the impact of poor nutrition. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of daily consumption of a healthier snack bar on snacking habits and glycated Hb (HbA1c) within a 6-week intervention. In all, twenty-eight participants were randomly allocated to two groups to either consume the bars as the main snack for 6 weeks (n 14) or receipt of the bars was delayed for 6 weeks (n 14) following a stepped-wedge design. All participants had HbA1c concentrations measured at weeks -1, 0, 4, 6, 10 and 12...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063362/production-of-enzymes-by-a-newly-isolated-bacillus-sp-tmf-1-in-solid-state-fermentation-on-agricultural-by-products-the-evaluation-of-substrate-pretreatment-methods
#6
Abdalla Ali Salim, Sanja Grbavčić, Nataša Šekuljica, Andrea Stefanović, Sonja Jakovetić Tanasković, Nevena Luković, Zorica Knežević-Jugović
Study on potential of different agro-industrial waste residues for supporting the growth of newly isolated Bacillus sp. TMF-1 strain under solid-state fermentation (SSF) was conducted aiming to produce several industrially valuable enzymes. Since the feasibility of the initial study was confirmed, further objectives included evaluation of several pretreatments of the studied agricultural by-products (soybean meal, sunflower meal, maize bran, maize pericarp, olive oil cake and wheat bran) on the microbial productivity as means of enhancing the yields of produced proteases, α-amylases, cellulases and pectinases...
December 24, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063240/effect-of-feeding-complete-feed-block-containing-rumen-protected-protein-non-protein-nitrogen-and-rumen-protected-fat-on-improving-body-condition-and-carcass-traits-of-cull-ewes
#7
R S Bhatt, A Sahoo
Nutrient utilization, body condition and carcass traits of cull ewes were studied in three dietary regimens based on complete feed block (CFB) feeding to control (C) with rumen protected protein (RPP), CU [RPP + urea (6 g/kg)] and CUF [RPP + urea + rumen protected fat (RPF; 40 g/kg)]. The RPP component (g/kg) in C had 1% formaldehyde-treated soy flakes 50, mustard cake 50 and sesame cake 30. The mustard and sesame cakes were replaced with urea on equivalent N basis in CU and CUF. The ewes were offered ad libitum CFB composed (g/kg) of concentrate 650, roughage 300 and molasses 50...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057951/stability-of-levodopa-carbidopa-rectal-suspensions
#8
Ronald F Donnelly
Objective: The combination of levodopa and carbidopa (L/C) is used as an effective therapy for treating Parkinson's disease; however when oropharyngeal dysphagia develops or when insertion of an nasogastric tube is not possible, then rectal administration could be used. To reduce compounding workload and establish a beyond use date, this study was conducted to determine the stability of 2 L/C rectal suspension formulations when stored at either 22°C or 5°C. Methods: Two formulations of L/C rectal suspension were compounded and then packaged in amber polypropylene bottles...
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056372/methanogenic-degradation-of-toilet-paper-cellulose-upon-sewage-treatment-in-an-anaerobic-membrane-bioreactor-at-room-temperature
#9
Rong Chen, Yulun Nie, Hiroyuki Kato, Jiang Wu, Tetsuya Utashiro, Jianbo Lu, Shangchao Yue, Hongyu Jiang, Lu Zhang, Yu-You Li
Toilet-paper cellulose with rich but refractory carbon sources, are the main insoluble COD fractions in sewage. An anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) was configured for sewage treatment at room temperature and its performance on methanogenic degradation of toilet paper was highlighted. The results showed, high organic removal (95%), high methane conversion (90%) and low sludge yield (0.08gVSS/gCOD) were achieved in the AnMBR. Toilet-paper cellulose was fully biodegraded without accumulation in the mixed liquor and membrane cake layer...
December 25, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054991/green-sonoextraction-of-protein-from-oleaginous-press-rapeseed-cake
#10
Meryem Boukroufa, Anne-Gaëlle Sicaire, Frederic Fine, Colette Larré, Aude Le Goff, Véronique Solé Jamault, Njara Rakotomanomana, Farid Chemat
In this study, extraction of soluble proteins from rapeseed cake using different conventional and innovative extraction processes in order to maximize the extraction yield has been investigated. Firstly, various extraction techniques including ultrasound, microwave, and percolation were tested to increase the protein recovery efficiency. Secondly, response surface methodology (RSM) using a central composite design (CCD) approach was applied to investigate the influence of process variables on ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE)...
January 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054899/there-are-a-lot-of-things-they-didn-t-tell-me-when-i-signed-on-helping-trainees-land-a-first-job
#11
Curt Tribble Md
During my training and my early faculty tenure, there was a picture of a dust-caked, grizzled cowboy that hung between the two primary cardiac operating rooms. Beneath the picture was written, "There are a lot of things about this job they didn't tell me when I signed on." When we moved into our new hospital, the picture did not resurface. However, I never forgot the lesson conveyed by that picture. One of the most important obligations faculty members have is to help their trainees find a job. While their trainees have likely had part-time jobs and, of course, they've held training positions, they usually have not had a 'real' job before...
December 15, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053205/having-your-cake-and-eating-it-too-early-timing-of-multiple-allergen-introduction-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-developing-food-allergy-in-standard-risk-breastfed-infants
#12
Matthew Greenhawt, Carina Venter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046184/nutritive-value-of-extruded-or-multi-enzyme-supplemented-cold-pressed-soybean-cake-for-pigs
#13
T A Woyengo, R Patterson, C L Levesque
The objectives were to determine the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of AA and NE value of cold-pressed soybean cake (CP-SBC), and the effect of extrusion or adding multi-enzyme to CP-SBC diet for growing pigs. Eight ileal-cannulated pigs (initial BW = 79.7 ± 3.97 kg) were fed 4 diets in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design to give 8 replicates per diet. Diets included a cornstarch-based diet with CP-SBC, extruded CP-SBC, and SBC plus multi-enzyme (1,200 U of xylanase, 150 U of glucanase, 500 U of cellulase, 60 U of mannanase, 700 U of invertase, 5,000 U of protease, and 12,000 U of amylase/kilogram of diet; Superzyme-CS, 0...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042999/transparent-exopolymer-particles-tep-associated-membrane-fouling-at-different-na-concentrations
#14
Shujuan Meng, Yu Liu
Membrane filtration has been widely applied for water treatment, wastewater reclamation and seawater desalination. Although extensive research work has been conducted to better understand the fouling mechanism under various conditions, little has been known about the transparent exopolymer particles (TEP)-associated membrane fouling at different Na(+) concentrations. In this study, the influence of Na(+) concentration on the TEP formation as well as the filtration behaviors of alginate blocks was investigated...
December 26, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036055/do-not-let-them-eat-cake-correlation-of-food-consumption-patterns-among-rural-primary-school-children-from-welfare-and-non-welfare-households
#15
Daniel Terry, Kaye Ervin, Erin Soutter, Renata Spiller, Nicole Dalle Nogare, Andrew John Hamilton
Physical and financial access impacts food choice and consumption, while educational attainment, employment, income, gender, and socioeconomic status are also influential. Within this context, the aim of the paper is to examine the association between various foods consumed and eating patterns of children between low and higher income households. A paper-based survey was completed by parents/carers of children in 41 primary schools in rural and regional areas of Victoria. Data collected included demographics and the consumption of fruit, vegetable, and other foods including drinks...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035145/the-effect-of-different-emulsifiers-on-the-eggless-cake-properties-containing-wpc
#16
Mohammad Khalilian Movahhed, Mohebbat Mohebbi, Arash Koocheki, Elnaz Milani
The possibility of complete replacement of egg proteins with whey protein concentrate (WPC) and improvement in quality by different emulsifiers was evaluated. Three emulsifiers, including polyglycerol ester (PGE), distilled mono glyceride (DMG) and lecithin were used to bake eggless cakes, containing 8% (w/w) WPC. The response surface analysis was applied to study the effect of emulsifiers on the eggless cake properties. The emulsifiers, individually and interactively, improved the properties of the eggless cakes significantly...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035142/assessment-of-nutritional-quality-glycaemic-index-antidiabetic-and-sensory-properties-of-plantain-musa-paradisiaca-based-functional-dough-meals
#17
Opeyemi Famakin, Akindele Fatoyinbo, Oluwole Steve Ijarotimi, Adebanjo Ayobamidele Badejo, Tayo Nathaniel Fagbemi
Nutrition transition to high energy-dense foods has been implicated as the major causes of diet related diseases. Plantain-based dough meals supplemented with soybean cake and cassava fibre were developed by combining them in different proportions using response surface methodology. The flour blends were analyzed for the nutritional composition while the glycaemic index, antidiabetic potentials and protein digestibility of the dough meals were determined in wistar rats. The nutritional and essential amino acid contents of the flour blends were comparable to that of cerolina (a commercially available food product commonly recommended for diabetic patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034737/strategies-used-by-overweight-and-obese-low-income-mothers-to-feed-their-families-in-urban-brazil
#18
Priscila de Morais Sato, Ramiro Fernandes Unsain, Joel Gittelsohn, João Gabriel Sanches Tavares da Silva, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Perez, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare strategies adopted by overweight and obese low-income mothers living in different vulnerable contexts to deal with food constraints and feed their families. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed with exploratory content analysis and the number of segments per theme was used to compare neighborhoods. SETTING: Three low-income neighborhoods in Santos, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A purposive sample of 21 overweight or obese mothers...
December 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027593/behavior-of-sheep-fed-babassu-cake-orbygnia-speciosa-as-a-substitution-for-elephant-grass-silage
#19
Ernestina Ribeiro Dos Santos Neta, Kaliandra Souza Alves, Rafael Mezzomo, Daiany Íris Gomes, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Francisco Fernando Ramos de Carvalho, Janaina Barros Luz, Natália Gomes Lacerda, Venucia de Diniella Dos Santos Bourdon
This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of sheep fed babassu cake as a substitution for elephant grass silage. The experiment was conducted at the Federal Rural University of Amazonia (Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia - UFRA), Brazil, using 45 sheep housed in individual stalls, with unlimited access to feed and distributed in a completely randomized design with five treatments (0, 12.5, 25, 37.5 and 50% inclusion of babassu cake) and nine replications. All of the treatments contained a roughage-to-concentrate ratio of 40:60...
December 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013129/microbial-community-analysis-of-bulk-sludge-cake-layers-and-biofouling-causing-microbial-consortia-in-a-full-scale-aerobic-membrane-bioreactor
#20
Jeongdong Choi, Eun-Sik Kim, Youngho Ahn
Pyrosequencing was used to investigate biofouling-causing microbial consortia at the community level in bulk sludge and cake layers within a full-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR). The analysis revealed Chao's estimates of total operational taxonomic units (OTUs) of 1726, 1806, and 1362 for bulk sludge, cake outer layer, and cake inner layer, respectively. The bulk sludge and cake outer layer OTUs clustered together, whereas the cake inner layer OTUs formed a separate group, indicating that environmental conditions affected the microbial community composition within the MBR...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
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