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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631469/the-chemical-composition-of-blackberry-press-cake-polyphenolic-extract-and-defatted-seeds-and-their-effects-on-cecal-fermentation-bacterial-metabolites-and-blood-lipid-profile-in-rats
#1
Monika Kosmala, Adam Jurgonski, Jerzy Juskiewicz, Elżbieta Karlińska, Jakub Macierzyński, Edward Roj, Zenon Zduńczyk
Blackberry fiber (BF), extracted blackberry fiber (EBF), defatted blackberry seeds (DBS) and blackberry polyphenols (BP) were added to diets of rats. A control diet, fiber diets (BF, EBF, DBS) with 6% addition instead of cellulose, a polyphenol diet (BP) with 1% addition were administered for 4 weeks. BF and DBS contained polyphenols (3.6%), EBF did not. DBS was free of fat. Ellagitannins were the main phenolics; mostly dimers (sanguiin H-6 with isomers) and monomers (pedunculagin, casuarictin isomer, and sanguiin H-2 isomer)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628878/pretreatment-of-a-primary-and-secondary-sludge-blend-at-different-thermal-hydrolysis-temperatures-impacts-on-anaerobic-digestion-dewatering-and-filtrate-characteristics
#2
Matthew J Higgins, Steven Beightol, Ushma Mandahar, Ryu Suzuki, Steven Xiao, Hung-Wei Lu, Trung Le, Joshua Mah, Bipin Pathak, Haydee DeClippeleir, John T Novak, Ahmed Al-Omari, Sudhir N Murthy
A study was performed to evaluate the effect of thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP) temperature on subsequent digestion performance and operation, as well as downstream parameters such as dewatering and cake quality. A blend of primary and secondary solids from the Blue Plains treatment plant in Washington, DC was dewatered to about 16% total solids (TS), and thermally hydrolyzed at five different temperatures 130, 140, 150, 160, 170 °C. The thermally hydrolyzed solids were then fed to five separate, 10 L laboratory digesters using the same feed concentration, 10...
June 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624085/multi-scale-nmr-and-mri-approaches-to-characterize-starchy-products
#3
R Kovrlija, C Rondeau-Mouro
This review deals with the use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance techniques to monitor the behavior of starch as well as the migration and distribution of water during the processing or storage of starchy matrices. The aim is to emphasize the potentials of NMR techniques for the quantitative characterization of water transfers in starch-water systems on different length scales. Relaxation and self-diffusion experiments using low-field NMR spectrometry provided important information on the relationship between water dynamics and the microscopic organization of starch granules at various temperatures and water contents...
December 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620618/histopathological-and-reproductive-evaluation-in-male-rats-fed-jatropha-curcas-seed-cake-with-or-without-alkaline-hydrolysis-and-subjected-to-heat-treatment
#4
Laiane Teixeira Sousa Moura, Domenica Palomaris Mariano Souza, Simone Mendonça, José Antônio de Aquino Ribeiro, Luciano Fernandes Sousa, Adriano Tony Ramos, Paulo César Maiorka, Vera Lúcia de Araújo, Viviane Mayumi Maruo
Jatropha curcas cake, a by-product of biodiesel production, is rich in protein and has potential to be used in livestock feed; however, the presence of antinutritional factors and phorbol esters limits its use. Thus, this study investigated toxicological and reproductive effects in male Wistar rats after subchronic exposure to J. curcas cake subjected to detoxification procedures. Rats were divided into seven groups (n = 10) and treated for 60 days. The control group received commercial feed, while experimental groups received a diet containing 5% J...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614963/watermelon-juice-concentration-using-ultrafiltration-analysis-of-sugar-and-ascorbic-acid
#5
Chiranjit Bhattacharjee, Vinod K Saxena, Suman Dutta
Raw watermelon juice was concentrated in a laboratory-scale flat-plate ultrafiltration system incorporating polyethersulfone membranes with a molecular weight cutoff of 5 kDa. The experiments have been carried out over a wide range of transmembrane pressures (100-300 kPa). The effect of ultrafiltration with molecular weight cutoff of 5 kDa polyethersulfone membrane on concentrate properties is reported. The total soluble solid content of the permeate was found to be very good, while the ascorbic acid content was on the lower side as compared to feed...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601105/adolescent-energy-drink-use-related-to-intake-of-fried-and-high-sugar-foods
#6
Ronald D Williams, Mary Odum, Jeff M Housman
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between energy drinks, fried food, and high-sugar food consumption. METHODS: Secondary analyses including Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine 7-day intakes of energy drinks, fried foods, and high-sugar foods among teenagers (N = 1570) who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study. RESULTS: Energy drink consumption during the past 7 days was reported by 14.4% (N = 226) of participants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593603/optimization-of-inexpensive-agricultural-by-products-as-raw-materials-for-bacitracin-production-in-bacillus-licheniformis-dw2
#7
Qin Wang, Hui Zheng, Xia Wan, Hongfeng Huang, Junhui Li, Christopher T Nomura, Changjun Wang, Shouwen Chen
Bacitracin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used extensively as a feed additive. In this study, inexpensive agricultural by-products were used as nitrogen sources for bacitracin production. Based on both the orthogonal tests, a combination of 7% soybean meal (SBM) +2% low protein rapeseed cake (LPRC) was optimal for bacitracin production. Compared to the original formula, the titer of bacitracin increased by 20.5% reaching 910.4 U/ml in flasks. The titer of bacitracin and the ratio of bacitracin A increased by 12...
June 7, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587276/changes-in-typical-portion-sizes-of-commonly-consumed-discretionary-foods-among-australian-adults-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#8
Miaobing Zheng, Anna Rangan, Beth Meertens, Jason H Y Wu
This study aimed to examine the changes in typical portion sizes of commonly consumed discretionary foods among Australian adults from 1995 to 2011-2012. Data of adults (age ≥19 years) from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey and 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Typical portion sizes (median portion) of fourteen discretionary foods that contributed the most to energy intake were determined. Ten out of fourteen food categories demonstrated a significant change in kJ per typical portion from 1995 to 2011-2012 (p ≤ 0...
June 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577996/albumin-micro-nanoparticles-entrapping-liposomes-for-itraconazole-green-formulation
#9
María José de Jesús Valle, Cristina Maderuelo Martín, Aránzazu Zarzuelo Castañeda, Amparo Sánchez Navarro
Itraconazole-loaded micro/nanoparticles containing albumin and liposomes were prepared by a technological process that avoids the use of organic solvents and crosslinker agents. The particles were characterized, lyophilized and formulated as tablets. Dynamic light scattering was used to determine the hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential of the particles; optical and scanning-electron microscopy was used to evaluate their morphology. Spherical shaped particles of different sizes and zeta potential were obtained...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577491/bluetongue-outbreaks-looking-for-effective-control-strategies-against-culicoides-vectors
#10
REVIEW
Giovanni Benelli, Luca Buttazzoni, Angelo Canale, Armando D'Andrea, Paola Del Serrone, Gavino Delrio, Cipriano Foxi, Susanna Mariani, Giovanni Savini, Chithravel Vadivalagan, Kadarkarai Murugan, Chiara Toniolo, Marcello Nicoletti, Mauro Serafini
Several arthropod-borne diseases are now rising with increasing impact and risks for public health, due to environmental changes and resistance to pesticides currently marketed. In addition to community surveillance programs and a careful management of herds, a next-generation of effective products is urgently needed to control the spread of these diseases, with special reference to arboviral ones. Natural product research can afford alternative solutions. Recently, a re-emerging of bluetongue disease is ongoing in Italy...
May 20, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573725/effects-of-cellulose-derivative-hydrocolloids-on-pasting-viscoelastic-and-morphological-characteristics-of-rice-starch-gel
#11
Jing Sun, Xiao-Bo Zuo, Sheng Fang, Hua-Neng Xu, Jie Chen, Yue-Cheng Meng, Tao Chen
Effects of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) on the pasting, viscoelastic, and morphological properties of rice starch gel were studied. The addition of CMC increased the peak and trough viscosities, while decreased the final and setback viscosities of rice starch. The peak and trough viscosities of rice starch gel were only little affected by the addition of HPMC. The dynamic viscoelastic result showed that the addition of CMC significantly increased the values of storage modulus (G') and loss modulus (G″), while reduced the value of tanδ as compared to the control sample...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572957/effect-of-spices-formulations-on-the-physicochemical-and-sensory-properties-of-nnam-gon-a-cameroonian-dish-prepared-with-cucurbitaceae-seeds
#12
Josiane E Manejo Djiogue, Richard M Nguimbou, Leopold N Tatsadjieu, Yannick D Mang, Nicolas Y Njintang
Nnam gon, a cake made by steam cooking a mixture of Cucurbitaceae seeds paste and others ingredients specially spices, is a highly prized dish in Central African region. A preliminary investigation conducted as part of this study highlighted that formulations used in the processing of Nnam gon vary according to the spices used. This study was carried out to determine the best formulation for the preparation of this dish. For this purpose, Nnam gon samples were produced from four formulations which differ according to the number of spices used: F0 (no spices); F1 (0...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571875/structure-and-flow-calculation-of-cake-layer-on-microfiltration-membranes
#13
Yadong Yu, Zhen Yang, Yuanyuan Duan
Submerged membrane bioreactors (SMBR) are widely used in wastewater treatment. The permeability of a membrane declines rapidly because of the formation of a cake layer on the membrane surface. In this paper, a multiple staining protocol was conducted to probe the four major foulants in the cake layer formed on a filtration membrane. Fluorescent images of the foulants were obtained using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). The three dimensional structure of the cake layer was reconstructed, and the internal flow was calculated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD)...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551424/formulation-optimization-of-freeze-dried-long-circulating-liposomes-and-in-line-monitoring-of-the-freeze-drying-process-using-an-nir-spectroscopy-tool
#14
Bianca Sylvester, Alina Porfire, Pieter-Jan Van Bockstal, Sebastian Porav, Marcela Achim, Thomas DE Beer, Ioan Tomuță
The effect of lyoprotectant type and concentration on the stability of freeze-dried prednisolone sodium phosphate-loaded long-circulating liposomes (LCL-PLP) was investigated. Trehalose at a 5:1 carbohydrate to lipid molar ratio proved to be superior in maintaining the structural integrity and the permeability properties of the liposome bilayers, assuring the desired characteristics of the final product: a cake with a porous structure and easy to reconstitute, a similar size to the liposomes prior to freeze-drying, a high percent of encapsulated drug and a low residual moisture content...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551246/structural-characterization-and-evaluation-of-prebiotic-activity-of-oil-palm-kernel-cake-mannanoligosaccharides
#15
Naveena Reddy Kalidas, Mookiah Saminathan, Intan Safinar Ismail, Faridah Abas, Prasenjit Maity, Syed Sirajul Islam, Nurhuda Manshoor, Khozirah Shaari
In this study, mannanoligosaccharides (MOS) were isolated from palm kernel cake by aqueous extraction using high temperature and pressure. Structural characterization of MOS was carried out using acid hydrolysis, methylation analysis, ESI-MS/MS and 1D/2D NMR. The prebiotic activity of MOS was evaluated in vitro using two probiotic Lactobacillus strains. Sugar analysis indicated the presence of mannose in each of the oligomers. Methylation and 1D/2D NMR analysis indicated that the MOS have a linear structure consisting of (1→4)-β-d-mannopyranosyl residues...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550791/environmental-indicators-of-the-combustion-of-prospective-coal-water-slurry-containing-petrochemicals
#16
Margarita A Dmitrienko, Galina S Nyashina, Pavel A Strizhak
Negative environmental impact of coal combustion has been known to humankind for a fairly long time. Sulfur and nitrogen oxides are considered the most dangerous anthropogenic emissions. A possible solution to this problem is replacing coal dust combustion with that of coal water slurry containing petrochemicals (CWSP). Coal processing wastes and used combustible liquids (oils, sludge, resins) are promising in terms of their economic and energy yield characteristics. However, no research has yet been conducted on the environmental indicators of fuels based on CWSP...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543050/effects-of-carrot-pomace-powder-and-a-mixture-of-pectin-and-xanthan-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-batter-and-cakes
#17
Mahsa Majzoobi, Zahra Vosooghi Poor, Gholamreza Mesbahi, Jalal Jamalian, Asgar Farahnaky
Carrot pomace powder (CPP) is a valuable by-product of carrot processing containing nutrients and fibre and can be utilized for enrichment of gluten-free products. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various levels of CPP (0, 10, 20 and 30%) and a mixture of hydrocolloids (HC) including pectin and xanthan (1.5% of each) on the quality of batter and gluten-free cakes. With increasing the level of CPP and inclusion of HC the viscosity of the batter increased significantly from 87 mPas for the control to > 7000 mPas for 30%CCP+HC sample...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537822/having-their-cake-and-eating-it-too-physician-skepticism-of-the-open-payments-program
#18
Joseph S Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537781/blood-pressure-lowering-effects-of-alacalase-hydrolyzed-camellia-seed-hull-in-vitro-and-in-spontaneous-hypertensive-rats
#19
Ho-Jeong Lim, Mi-So Kim, Da-Som Kim, Young Jun Kim, Jin Hyup Lee, Jeong Hoon Pan, Eui-Cheol Shin, Jae Kyeom Kim
High blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for various diseases and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays a critical role in blood pressure regulation. In our study, the responsive surface methodology was adopted to establish optimal Alcalase-hydrolysis conditions of camellia seed hull against ACE activity. The optimum conditions are hydrolysis temperature of 50.98°C, enzyme/substrate ratio of 2.85%, and hydrolysis pH of 7.12. In an animal feeding study, spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with either a low or high dose of hydrolyzed Camellia japonica seed cake over 5 weeks...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535769/association-between-home-food-preparation-skills-and-behaviour-and-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-2008-2009
#20
Matthew Chak Leung Lam, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: 'Ultra-processed foods' (UPF) have been industrially processed and tend to be higher in saturated fat, sodium and sugar than other foods. There is some evidence that consumption of UPF is associated with overweight, obesity and related diseases. In developed countries more than half of dietary energy is attributed to UPF. One reason for reliance on UPF may be poor home food preparation skills or infrequent use of these. This relationship has been previously proposed but not tested...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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