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biodex balance system

Eric N Beck, Quincy J Almeida
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) impairs control of well-learned movements. Movement control improvements are found when individuals complete tasks while focusing attention externally on manipulating an object, which is argued to occur due to automatic processing associated with well-learned movements. Focusing attention internally (on movements of ones' limbs) is believed to involve conscious control networks, and hinders movement performance. Previous work has found that an external focus of attention improved postural stability in individuals with PD (compared to internal), but this was when patients were taking dopamine medication, which modulates basal ganglia functioning responsible for well-learned movements...
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
Fabianne Furtado, Bruno da Silva B Gonçalves, Isabela Lopes Laguardia Abranches, Ana Flávia Abrantes, Arturo Forner-Cordero
The lack of sleep, both in quality and quantity, is an increasing problem in modern society, often related to workload and stress. A number of studies have addressed the effects of acute (total) sleep deprivation on postural control. However, up to date, the effects of chronic sleep deficits, either in quantity or quality, have not been analyzed. Thirty healthy adults participated in the study that consisted of registering activity with a wrist actigraph for more than a week before performing a series of postural control tests...
2016: PloS One
Tarang Kumar Jain, Clayton N Wauneka, Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Balance training has been shown to be effective in preventing ankle sprain recurrences in subjects with chronic ankle instability (CAI) but the biomechanical pathways underlying the clinical outcomes are still unknown. This study was conducted to determine if a 4-week balance training intervention can alter the mechanical characteristics in ankles with CAI. METHODS: Twenty-two recreationally active subjects with unilateral CAI were randomized to either a control (n = 11, 35...
2016: International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine
Shahrzad Mohammadi Rad, Mahyar Salavati, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Behnam Akhbari, Shiva Sherafat, Hossein Negahban, Pezhman Lali, Masood Mazaheri
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of dual-tasking on postural stability between patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) and healthy controls. METHODS: Single-limb postural stability was assessed in 17 athletes with ACL-R and 17 healthy matched athletes while standing on a Biodex Balance System platform in four conditions: stability level of 8 (i.e. more stable support surface) with eyes open; stability level of 8 with eyes closed; stability level of 6 (i...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Derya Özer Kaya, Şeyda Toprak Çelenay
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate differences in state anxiety, spinal posture and mobility, postural competency, and stability across the menstrual cycle in active women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen physically active women (18-25 years) with a regular menstrual cycle were recruited. Anxiety with the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory; spinal posture, mobility, and competency with a Spinal Mouse device (Idiag, Fehraltorf, Switzerland); and postural stability with a Biodex Balance System SD (Biodex Medical Systems, Inc...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Melda Soysal Tomruk, Muhammed Zahid Uz, Bilge Kara, Egemen İdiman
BACKGROUND: Decreased postural control, sensory integration deficits and fatigue are important problems that cause functional impairments in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). PURPOSE: To examine the effect of modified clinical Pilates exercises on sensory interaction and balance, postural control and fatigue in pwMS. METHODS: Eleven patients with multiple sclerosis and 12 healthy matched controls were recruited in this study. Limits of stability and postural stability tests were used to evaluate postural control by Biodex Balance System and sensory interaction assessed...
May 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Mahyar Salavati, Behnam Akhbari, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Hossein Bagheri, Kamran Ezzati, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
BACKGROUND: Motor control approach towards chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP) has gained increasing attention. CNLBP patients have shown to be more visually dependent for the postural control process than control subjects but no study has yet investigated the treatment programs effect on this disorder. METHODS: Forty CNLBP patients volunteered to participate in this experimental study. The subjects were randomly assigned into either stabilization exercise (SE) or control group both receiving 12 sessions of routine physiotherapy for four weeks...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Elbadawi Ibrahim Mohammad Elhinidi, Marwa Mostafa Ibrahim Ismaeel, Tamer Mohamed El-Saeed
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of using a selected dual-task training program to improve postural stability in infantile hemiparesis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients participated in this study; patients were classified randomly into two equal groups: study and control groups. Both groups received conventional physical therapy treatment including mobility exercises, balance exercises, gait training exercises, and exercises to improve physical conditioning. In addition, the study group received a selected dual-task training program including balance and cognitive activities...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Victoria Wilson, Peter Douris, Taryn Fukuroku, Michael Kuzniewski, Joe Dias, Patrick Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: The application of Kinesio Tex® tape (KT) results, in theory, in the improvement of muscle contractibility by supporting weakened muscles. The effect of KT on muscle strength has been investigated by numerous researchers who have theorized that KT facilitates an immediate increase in muscle strength by generating a concentric pull on the fascia. The effect of KT on balance and functional performance has been controversial because of the inconsistencies of tension and direction of pull required during application of KT and whether its use on healthy individuals provides therapeutic benefits...
April 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Manal S Ibrahim, Ayman G Mattar, Salam M Elhafez
[Purpose] This study investigated efficacy of virtual reality (VR)-based balance training on enhancing balance and postural reactions of adults as a low-cost new modality compared to the established Biodex Balance System (BBS). [Subjects] Thirty normal adults of both genders were divided randomly into two equal-sized experimental groups of 15: BBS balance training and VR balance training. [Methods] The training programmes were conducted in 12 sessions, three 15-min sessions per week. The Nintendo(®) Wii Fit Plus (NWFP) and its balance board were used to train of the VR group...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Afshin Samaei, Amir Hoshang Bakhtiary, Abdolhamid Hajihasani, Elham Fatemi, Fatemeh Motaharinezhad
BACKGROUND: Various exercise protocols have been recommended for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigated the effects of uphill and downhill walking exercise on mobility, functional activities, and muscle strength in MS patients. METHODS: Thirty-four MS patients were randomly allocated to either the downhill or uphill treadmill walking group for 12 sessions (3 times/wk) of 30 minutes' walking on a 10% negative slope (n = 17) or a 10% positive slope (n = 17), respectively...
January 2016: International Journal of MS Care
Fatemeh Ehsani, Amir Massoud Arab, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Mahyar Salavati
BACKGROUND: Activity of deep abdominal muscles increases the lumbar stability. Majority of previous studies indicated abdominal muscle activity dysfunction during static activity in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, the number of studies that evaluated deep abdominal muscle activity in dynamic standing activities in patients is limited, while this assessment provides better understanding of pain behavior during these activities. OBJECTIVE: Investigation of superficial and deep abdominal muscles activity in participants with chronic LBP as compared to healthy individuals during standing tasks...
June 2016: Manual Therapy
Behnam Akhbari, Mahyar Salavati, Farshid Mohammadi, Ziaeddin Safavi-Farokhi
PURPOSE: To determine the intra- and inter-session reliability of balance performance in people with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and matched controls. METHODS: In this methodological study, single-leg-stance performance of 15 participants with unilateral PFPS and 15 healthy matched controls was assessed using the Biodex Balance System (BBS) under 4 task difficulty levels (static and dynamic, with and without visual feedback). Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs), standard errors of measurement, and coefficients of variation were calculated for the overall stability index, anterior-posterior stability index, and medial-lateral stability index...
August 2015: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Shahrzad Mohammadi Rad, Mahyar Salavati, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Behnam Akhbari, Shiva Sherafat, Hossein Negahban, Pezhman Lali, Masood Mazaheri
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of dual-tasking on postural stability between patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) and healthy controls. METHODS: Single-limb postural stability was assessed in 17 athletes with ACL-R and 17 healthy matched athletes while standing on a Biodex Balance System platform in four conditions: stability level of 8 (i.e. more stable support surface) with eyes open; stability level of 8 with eyes closed; stability level of 6 (i...
January 26, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Min Kyun Sohn, Sung Ju Jee, Pyoungsik Hwang, Yumi Jeon, Hyunkeun Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a shoulder sling on balance in patients with hemiplegia. METHODS: Twenty-seven hemiplegic stroke patients (right 13, left 14) were enrolled in this study. The subjects' movement in their centers of gravity (COGs) during their static and dynamic balance tests was measured with their eyes open in each sling condition-without a sling, with Bobath's axillary support (Bobath sling), and with a simple arm sling. The percent times in quadrant, overall, anterior/posterior, and medial/lateral stability indexes were measured using a posturography platform (Biodex Balance System SD)...
December 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ki-Hoon Hyun, Hwi-Young Cho, Chae-Gil Lim
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the effects of Mulligan taping on balance and gait in subacute stroke patients. [Subjects] Thirty patients with subacute stroke were randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group (n = 15) and the control group (n = 15). Mulligan taping was applied to the knee joints of participants in the experimental group while placebo taping was applied to knee joints of subjects in the control group. Biodex was used to assess their balance ability and the GAITRite System was used to test gait...
November 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Juergen Götz, Johannes Beckmann, Ingo Sperrer, Clemens Baier, Silvia Dullien, Joachim Grifka, Franz Koeck
PURPOSE: Modified postural stability after retaining the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in total knee arthroplasty is still discussed controversially. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a PCL-retaining implant design should be preferred over a PCL-substituting implant design regarding postural stability in one-leg stance and clinical outcome. METHODS: Forty patients underwent total knee arthroplasty, 20 of them with a cruciate-retaining (CR) and 20 of them with a cruciate-substituting (PS) implant system...
July 2016: International Orthopaedics
Sıdıka Büyükvural Şen, Sibel Özbudak Demir, Timur Ekiz, Neşe Özgirgin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the bilateral isokinetic strengthening training applied to knee and ankle muscles on balance, functional parameters, gait, and the quality of in stroke patients. METHODS: Fifty patients (33 M, 17 F) with subacute-chronic stroke and 30 healthy subjects were included. Stroke patients were allocated into isokinetic and control groups. Conventional rehabilitation program was applied to all cases; additionally maximal concentric isokinetic strengthening training was applied to the knee-ankle muscles bilaterally to the isokinetic group 5 days a week for 3 weeks...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Jong Hyun Kim, Woo Sang Sim, Byeong Hee Won
PURPOSE: Poor recovery of postural stability poststroke is the primary cause of impairment in activities and social participation in elderly stroke survivors. The purpose of our study was to experimentally evaluate the effectiveness of our new elastic ankle-foot orthosis (AFO), compared to a traditional AFO fabricated with hard plastic, in improving postural stability in elderly chronic stroke survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Postural stability was evaluated in ten chronic stroke patients, 55...
2015: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Ida Wiszomirska, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Michalina Błażkiewicz, Andrzej Wit
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of a vestibular-stimulating exercise regime on postural stability in individuals with visual impairment. The study group consisted of 70 people, including 28 persons (15 female and 13 male) with visual impairment and 42 (21 female and 21 male) without visual impairment. Each individual in the group with visual impairment was medically qualified for a 3-month training program. The research methodology included medical examination, anthropometric tests, and stabilometry tests on a Biodex Balance System SD (BBS)...
2015: BioMed Research International
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