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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330127/diversity-of-toxic-and-phytopathogenic-fusarium-species-occurring-on-cereals-grown-in-karnataka-state-india
#1
H Nagaraja, G Chennappa, K Poorna Chandra Rao, G Mahadev Prasad, M Y Sreenivasa
A total of 198 cereal samples (53 maize, 54 sorghum, 37 paddy and 54 wheat) were collected from 11 districts of Karnataka to understand the percent infection (PI), relative density (RD) and their frequency (Fr) caused by Fusarium spp. All samples were screened by agar plating method using MGA 2.5 agar media and incubated at 25 ± 2 °C for 3-5 days. The study revealed the association of 10 different Fusarium species known trichothecene producers such as Fusarium acuminatum, F. avenaceum, F. crookwellense, F...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329941/-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-in-male-clients-attending-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-in-9-cities-in-guangdong-province
#2
H C Shen, S J Huang, X L Qin, P Z Zhao, Y Y Lan, H C Zou, J L Ou, L Chen, X M Luo, H P Zheng, Y Li, B Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis (GCT) infection and associated risk factors in male clients attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Guangdong and provide integrated intervention strategy for this group. Methods: Convenient sampling was used to recruit participants from April to June in 2015 in Guangdong province. The information about their socio-demographic characteristics and sexual behaviors were collected by using a questionnaire, and blood samples were taken from them to test the antibodies against HIV, syphilis and HCV...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329940/-effectiveness-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-henan-province-2002-2013
#3
Q Wang, D Y Sun, P Y Fan, Y M Ma, N Ma, H Si, N Li, Z Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on preventing mother to child transmission of HIV and identify the influencing factors. Methods: The data regarding the pregnant women and their infants were collected, including demographic characteristics, pregnancy and delivery, access to antiviral therapy, HIV infection status at age 18 months and survival of infants between 2002 and 2013 through follow-up, Multivariate logistic regression model were used to identify the influencing factors. Results: By the end of 2013, a total of 8 621 554 pregnant women received HIV test, among them 2 264 were infected with HIV...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329936/-analysis-on-prevalence-of-physical-activity-time-1-hour-and-related-factors-in-students-aged-9-22-years-in-china-2014
#4
Z H Wang, Y H Dong, Y Song, Z P Yang, J Ma
Objective: To explore the prevalence of physical activity time <1 hour and related factors in students aged 9-22 years in China. Methods: A total of 220 159 students (110 039 boys and 110 120 girls) aged 9-22 years who completed the questionnaire of physical activity and lifestyle behaviors were selected from " 2014 National Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance" for the current study. All the participants were divided into 2 groups, i.e. physical activity time <1 hour and physical activity time ≥1 hour according the suggestion of Central Government, stratified by age and gender...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329934/-hiv-infection-and-associated-factors-in-hiv-antibody-positive-clients-of-female-sex-workers-recently-reported-in-shaanxi-province
#5
T Hu, W H Chang, M Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the current status of HIV infection and the related factors in HIV antibody positive clients of female sex workers (FSWs) recently reported in Shaanxi province. Methods: The HIV/AIDS cases newly diagnosed in males living in Shaanxi from January 1th of 2013 to June 30th of 2014 were selected and those infected through " commercial heterosexual behavior" were identified. The information about their demographic characteristics, previous unprotected heterosexual sex and the sample sources were collected, and serum or plasma samples were collected from them and tested with BED-CEIA...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329932/-an-investigation-on-immunological-effect-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-amongst-adult-population-in-high-labor-export-rural-regions-under-4-different-strategies
#6
X Y Zheng, Z H Ji, Z W Guo, Y W Liu, Z J Shao, Y P Yan
Objective: To grope for an ideal immune strategy in grown-ups via comparison of immunological effects under 4 different vaccination schemes. Methods: Study population was selected by stratified random cluster sampling. A total of 4 different vaccination proposals, including Strategy A (3 doses, 10 μg, administrated repeatedly into the unilateral deltoid muscle at 0-1-6 months), Strategy B (2 doses, 20 μg, administrated into the bilateral deltoid muscles simultaneously), Strategy C (3 doses, 10 μg, administrated repeatedly into the unilateral deltoid muscle at 0-1-2 months) and Strategy D (2 doses, 10 μg, administrated to the bilateral deltoid muscles at the same time), were conducted in Liangzhou, Minqin Gulang, and the Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomic county respectively, in Wuwei city, Gansu province...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329002/emergency-department-outpatient-treatment-of-alcohol-intoxicated-bicyclists-increases-the-cost-of-medical-care-in-japan
#7
Yosuke Homma, Sunao Yamauchi, Michiko Mizobe, Yoshiyuki Nakashima, Jin Takahashi, Hiraku Funakoshi, Kevin Y Urayama, Sachiko Ohde, Osamu Takahashi, Takashi Shiga
Riding a bicycle under the influence of alcohol is illegal in Japan. Nevertheless, intoxicated bicyclists are frequently treated at hospital emergency departments for bicycle-related injuries. This patient population usually requires more hospital resources, even for relatively minor injuries. Therefore, we hypothesized that bicycle-related crashes involving bicyclists under the influence of alcohol cost more to treat than those that do not involve alcohol intoxication. The aim of the present study was to examine the costs associated with bicycle-related minor injuries and alcohol intoxication of the bicyclist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328826/effect-of-adductor-canal-block-on-medial-compartment-knee-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-retrospective-comparative-study
#8
Doo-Hyung Lee, Michael Y Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack, Seung-Hyun Yoon
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease in middle-aged and elderly people. Pain is the chief complaint of symptomatic KOA and a leading cause of chronic disability, which is most often found in medial knees. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pain relief and functional improvement in KOA patients treated with ultrasound-guided adductor canal block (ACB).This is a 3-month retrospective case-controlled comparative study. Two hundred patients with anteromedial knee pain owing to KOA that was unresponsive to 3-month long conservative treatments...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328758/posttransfusion-increase-of-hematocrit-per-se-does-not-improve-circulatory-oxygen-delivery-due-to-increased-blood-viscosity
#9
Robert Zimmerman, Amy G Tsai, Beatriz Y Salazar Vázquez, Pedro Cabrales, Axel Hofmann, Jens Meier, Aryeh Shander, Donat R Spahn, Joel M Friedman, Daniel M Tartakovsky, Marcos Intaglietta
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is used to treat acute anemia with the goal of increasing blood oxygen-carrying capacity as determined by hematocrit (Hct) and oxygen delivery (DO2). However, increasing Hct also increases blood viscosity, which may thus lower DO2 if the arterial circulation is a rigid hydraulic system as the resistance to blood flow will increase. The net effect of transfusion on DO2 in this system can be analyzed by using the relationship between Hct and systemic blood viscosity of circulating blood at the posttransfusion Hct to calculate DO2 and comparing this value with pretransfusion DO2...
March 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328719/predicting-the-maximum-dynamic-strength-in-bench-press-the-high-precision-of-the-bar-velocity-approach
#10
Irineu Loturco, Ronaldo Kobal, José E Moraes, Katia Kitamura, César C Cal Abad, Lucas A Pereira, Fábio Y Nakamura
Loturco, I, Kobal, R, Moraes, JE, Kitamura, K, Cal Abad, CC, Pereira, LA, and Nakamura, FY. Predicting the maximum dynamic strength in bench press: the high precision of the bar velocity approach. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 1127-1131, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine the force-velocity relationship and test the possibility of determining the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) in "free weight" and Smith machine bench presses. Thirty-six male top-level athletes from 3 different sports were submitted to a standardized 1RM bench press assessment (free weight or Smith machine, in randomized order), following standard procedures encompassing lifts performed at 40-100% of 1RM...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328713/the-effect-of-standard-strength-vs-contrast-strength-training-on-the-development-of-sprint-agility-repeated-change-of-direction-and-jump-in-junior-male-soccer-players
#11
Mehréz Hammami, Yassine Negra, Roy J Shephard, Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly
Hammami, M, Negra, Y, Shephard, RJ, and Chelly, MS. The effect of standard strength vs. contrast strength training on the development of sprint, agility, repeated change of direction, and jump in junior male soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 901-912, 2017-The aim was to compare the impact of 2 differing strength training (ST) programs on the athletic performance of junior male soccer players at a critical phase during their competitive season. Participants aged 16.0 ± 0.5 years were randomly assigned between control (C, n = 12), standard ST (n = 16), and contrast strength training (CST, n = 16), each performed twice a week...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328026/alternative-mass-reference-standards-for-direct-analysis-in-real-time-mass-spectrometry
#12
Robert B Cody, A John Dane
RATIONALE: Mass spectra were acquired with the Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART®) ion source for an amine-terminated polyether used as positive-ion mass reference standards and for several fluorinated materials commonly used as negative-ion reference standards for mass spectrometry. METHODS: A commercial time-of-flight mass spectrometer equipped with a DART ion source was used for all measurements. Mass reference standards deposited onto the sealed end of a glass melting point tube were suspended in the DART gas stream for analysis...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327782/nasalance-of-brazilian-portuguese-speaking-populations-from-two-different-states
#13
Denise Silva Maturo, Melissa Nara de Carvalho Picinato Pirola, Lílian Neto Aguiar Ricz, Luciana Vitaliano Voi Trawitzki
Purpose: To measure the nasalance scores of Brazilian Portuguese-speaking young adults from the states of Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais in order to investigate whether dialect variations and gender affect these scores. Methods: Nasalance was assessed in 36 individuals: 20 native residents of Sao Paulo state (mean age=23 y.o.) and 16 native residents of Minas Gerais state (mean age=24 y.o.), following the same criteria. Nasalance measures were taken using the Nasometer II 6400 (KayPentax) device based on the reading of three texts (nasal-1, nasal-2, and oral)...
March 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327195/does-rating-the-operation-videos-with-a-checklist-score-improve-the-effect-of-e-learning-for-bariatric-surgical-training-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Javier Rodrigo De La Garza, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Mirco Friedrich, Mona Wanda Schmidt, Thomas Bruckner, Hannes Götz Kenngott, Lars Fischer, Beat-Peter Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic training has become an important part of surgical education. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most common bariatric procedure performed. Surgeons must be well trained prior to operating on a patient. Multimodality training is vital for bariatric surgery. E-learning with videos is a standard approach for training. The present study investigates whether scoring the operation videos with performance checklists improves learning effects and transfer to a simulated operation...
March 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326726/-effects-of-different-surface-modifications-on-micro-structure-and-adhesion-of-zirconia-ceramic-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Li Siwen, Li Shishi, Wang Yanhong, Ma Hongmei
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of different mechanical-chemical surface treatments on the characteristics, microstructure, and composition of zirconia ceramics and on the zirconia-dentin adhesion. METHODS: The sintered commercial zirconia blocks (IPS e.max ZirCAD) were sectioned into 126 beams (6 mm×6 mm×5 mm) and randomly assigned to seven experimental groups (n=18). The zirconia block specimens were further treated as follows: (A) untreated, as control; (B) sandblasted with 50 μm Al2O3; (C) sandblasted with 50 μm Al2O3+30 μm silica powder; (D) sandblasted with 50 μm Al2O3+30% silica-sol coating; (E) sandblasted with 110 μm Al2O3; (F) sandblasted with 110 μm Al2O3+30 μm silica powder; and (G) sandblasted with 110 μm Al2O3+30% silica-sol coating...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326625/alantolactone-and-isoalantolactone-prevent-amyloid-%C3%AE-25-35-induced-toxicity-in-mouse-cortical-neurons-and-scopolamine-induced-cognitive-impairment-in-mice
#16
Ji Yeon Seo, Soon Sung Lim, Jiyoung Kim, Ki Won Lee, Jong-Sang Kim
Given the evidence for detoxifying/antioxidant enzyme-inducing activities by alantolactone (AL) and isoalantolactone (IAL), the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of AL and IAL on Aβ25-35 -induced cell death in mouse cortical neuron cells and to determine their effects on scopolamine-induced amnesia in mice. Our data demonstrated that both compounds effectively attenuated the cytotoxicity of Aβ25-35 (10 μM) in neuronal cells derived from the mouse cerebral cortex. It was also found that the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species, including superoxide anion induced by Aβ25-35 , was inhibited...
March 21, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326205/shigella-sonnei-bacteremia-presenting-with-profound-hepatic-dysfunction
#17
Oluwaseun Shogbesan, Andrew Rettew, Bilal Shaikh, Abdullateef Abdulkareem, Anthony Donato
Worldwide, Shigellosis is a significant public health issue, associated with nearly one million deaths annually. About half a million cases of Shigella infection are reported annually in the United States. Shigella bacteremia is uncommon and generally seen in children and immunocompromised adults. We present a case of a Shigella sonnei bacteremia with marked hepatic derangement in a 27-year-old previously healthy homosexual male with history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, who presented to the emergency room with a 4-day history of loose watery stool, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting, and yellow skin of 2-day duration...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325671/accurate-fixation-of-plates-and-screws-for-the-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-using-3d-printed-guiding-templates-an-experimental-study
#18
Xu Chen, Xuanhuang Chen, Guodong Zhang, Haibin Lin, Zhengxi Yu, Changfu Wu, Xing Li, Yijun Lin, Wenhua Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of the use of 3D-printed guiding templates for accurate placement of plates and screws for internal fixation of acetabular fractures. METHODS: 3D models of the pelvises of 14 adult cadavers were reconstructed using computed tomography (CT). Twenty-eight acetabular fractures were simulated and placement positions for plates and screw trajectories were designed. Bending module was obtained by 3D cutting; guiding template was manufactured using 3D printing, and the plate was pre-bent according to the bending module...
March 7, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325619/effects-of-online-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-active-breath-control-in-determining-planning-target-volume-during-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation
#19
Y Li, R Zhong, X Wang, P Ai, F Henderson, N Chen, F Luo
PURPOSE: To test if active breath control during cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) could improve planning target volume during accelerated partial breast radiotherapy for breast cancer. METHODS: Patients who were more than 40 years old, underwent breast-conserving dissection and planned for accelerated partial breast irradiation, and with postoperative staging limited to T1-2 N0 M0, or postoperative staging T2 lesion no larger than 3cm with a negative surgical margin greater than 2mm were enrolled...
March 18, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325504/buttressing-of-the-eea-stapler-during-gastrojejunal-anastomosis-decreases-rate-of-bleeding-related-complications-for-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass
#20
Zachary A Ichter, Lindsay Voeller, Homero Rivas, Habib Khoury, Dan Azagury, John M Morton
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is a well-tolerated and effective treatment for severe obesity. Newer surgical techniques and equipment have improved safety standards surrounding bariatric surgery. In particular, buttressing of the staple line in sleeve gastrectomy has decreased rates of clinically significant postoperative bleeding. The present study investigates the effectiveness of buttressing the circular stapled anastomosis during laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). SETTING: Academic, accredited hospital...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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