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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938786/prediction-of-egg-freshness-during-storage-using-electronic-nose
#1
Samuel M Yimenu, J Y Kim, B S Kim
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of a fast gas chromatography (GC) e-nose for freshness discrimination and for prediction of storage time as well as sensory and internal quality changes during storage of hen eggs. All samples were obtained from the same egg production farm and stored at 20 °C for 20 d. Egg sampling was conducted every 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 16, and 20 d. During each sampling time, 4 egg cartons (each containing 10 eggs) were randomly selected: one carton for Haugh units, one carton for sensory evaluation and 2 cartons for the e-nose experiment...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938777/role-of-vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-during-the-transition-from-incubation-behavior-to-rearing-behavior-in-the-female-native-thai-chicken
#2
S Namken, P Sinpru, B Kamkrathok, N Sartsoongnoen, Y Chaiseha
It is well documented that vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is an avian prolactin-releasing factor, regulating the reproductive cycle, that initiates and maintains incubation behavior in avian species. Native Thai chicken has strong maternal behaviors. Thus, it is an excellent animal model to study this phenomenon. Changes in the numbers of VIP neurons within the nucleus inferioris hypothalami (IH) and nucleus infundibuli hypothalami (IN) are associated with maternal behaviors in the native Thai chicken...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938689/efficacy-and-safety-of-traditional-chemotherapies-for-patients-with-ovarian-neoplasm-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Lili Yang, Gongliang Guo, Liqun Sun, Chenhao Li, Haipeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian neoplasm is a kind of high risky cancer among female. This paper assessed the efficacy and safety of twelve therapies and figured out the superior chemotherapeutic drug for ovarian cancer through network meta-analysis (NMA). METHOD: Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from electronic databases. Primary outcomes concerning efficacy, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS), were presented as hazard ratio (HR) and the associated 95% credible interval(CrI), while outcomes concerning safety were assessed by odds ratio (OR) and the corresponding 95% CrI...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938478/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-has-unique-effects-on-postprandial-fgf21-but-not-fgf19-secretion
#4
Lydia-Ann L S Harris, Gordon I Smith, Bettina Mittendorfer, J Christopher Eagon, Adewole L Okunade, Bruce W Patterson, Samuel Klein
Context: Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) 19 and FGF21 are secreted by the intestine and liver in response to macronutrient intake. Intestinal resection and reconstruction via bariatric surgery may alter their regulation. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that weight loss induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, but not matched weight loss induced by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), increases postprandial plasma FGF19 and FGF21 concentrations...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938225/occupant-level-injury-severity-analyses-for-taxis-in-hong-kong-a-bayesian-space-time-logistic-model
#5
Fanyu Meng, Pengpeng Xu, S C Wong, Helai Huang, Y C Li
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the crash-related severity level of injuries in taxis and quantify the associations between these factors and taxi occupant injury severity. Casualties resulting from taxi crashes from 2004 to 2013 in Hong Kong were divided into four categories: taxi drivers, taxi passengers, private car drivers and private car passengers. To avoid any biased interpretation caused by unobserved spatial and temporal effects, a Bayesian hierarchical logistic modeling approach with conditional autoregressive priors was applied, and four different model forms were tested...
September 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937959/prenatal-fluoride-exposure-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-children-at-4-and-6-12-years-of-age-in-mexico
#6
Morteza Bashash, Deena Thomas, Howard Hu, E Angeles Martinez-Mier, Brisa N Sanchez, Niladri Basu, Karen E Peterson, Adrienne S Ettinger, Robert Wright, Zhenzhen Zhang, Yun Liu, Lourdes Schnaas, Adriana Mercado-García, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests that fluoride may be neurotoxic to children. Few of the epidemiologic studies have been longitudinal, had individual measures of fluoride exposure, addressed the impact of prenatal exposures or involved more than 100 participants. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the association of prenatal exposure to fluoride with offspring neurocognitive development. METHODS: We studied participants from the Early Life Exposures in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) project...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937868/multi-day-adaptation-and-savings-in-manual-and-locomotor-tasks
#7
M F L Ruitenberg, Y E De Dios, N E Gadd, S J Wood, P A Reuter-Lorenz, I Kofman, J J Bloomberg, A P Mulavara, R D Seidler
Using an individual differences approach, we evaluated whether manual and locomotor adaptation are associated in terms of adaptation and savings across days, and whether they rely on shared underlying mechanisms involving visuospatial working memory or visual field dependence. Participants performed a manual and a locomotor adaptation task during 4 separate test sessions over a 3-month period. Reliable adaptation and savings were observed for both tasks. It was further found that higher visuospatial working memory performance and lower visual field dependence scores were associated with faster learning in the manual and locomotor tasks, respectively...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937801/clinical-implications-of-hand-position-and-lower-limb-length-measurement-method-on-y-balance-test-scores-and-interpretation
#8
Kim Hébert-Losier
CONTEXT:   The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQ-YBT) was developed to provide an effective and efficient screen for injury risk in sports. Earlier protocol recommendations for the LQ-YBT involved the athlete placing the hands on the hips and the clinician normalizing scores to lower limb length measured from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the lateral malleolus. The updated LQ-YBT protocol recommends the athlete's hands be free moving and the clinician measure lower limb length to the medial malleolus...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937601/humoral-response-of-buffaloes-to-a-recombinant-vaccine-against-botulism-serotypes-c-and-d
#9
Denis Y Otaka, José D Barbosa, Clóvis Moreira, Marcos R A Ferreira, Carlos E P Cunha, Antônio R S Brito, Rafael A Donassolo, Ângela N Moreira, Fabrício R Conceição, Felipe M Salvarani
Botulism is a fatal intoxication caused by botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), which are mainly produced by Clostridium botulinum and characterized by flaccid paralysis. The BoNTs C and D are the main serotypes responsible for botulism in animals, including buffaloes. Botulism is one of the leading causes of death in adult ruminants in Brazil due to the high mortality rates, even though botulism in buffaloes is poorly reported and does not reflect the real economic impact of this disease in Brazilian herds. Vaccination is reported as the most important prophylactic measure for botulism control, although there are no specific vaccines commercially available for buffaloes in Brazil...
September 22, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937146/associations-of-aniseikonia-with-metamorphopsia-and-retinal-displacements-after-epiretinal-membrane-surgery
#10
Y Ichikawa, Y Imamura, M Ishida
PurposeTo determine the correlation of the degree of aniseikonia with the retinal displacements and metamorphopsia in patients that have undergone successful epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery.MethodsSubjects were 28 eyes with an ERM in 28 patients. The New Aniseikonia Test (NAT) and M-CHARTS were used to quantify the degree of preoperative and postoperative aniseikonia and metamorphopsia. We also evaluated the distance between the intersections of 2 sets of retinal vessels situated vertically or horizontally by using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images in 28 patients...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936933/-dna-diagnostics-in-dementia
#11
C M Aalfs, R Vervenne-van Spaendonk, Y A L Pijnenburg, P E Cohn-Hokke, H J Meijers, P Scheltens
- Thanks to next-generation sequencing several genes can be examined in one go. Since this method has been introduced, the possibilities for DNA diagnostics in patients with dementia have increased tremendously in recent years.- DNA diagnostics is indicated for patients with an Alzheimer's disease diagnosis before they are 60 years old, for all patients with frontotemporal dementia and for patients with a positive family history.- For 15% of the patients who visited the Alzheimer centre of the VUmc, in Amsterdam, the Netherlands DNA diagnostics indicated a clear monogenic cause...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936585/understanding-intestinal-glucose-transporter-expression-in-obese-compared-to-non-obese-subjects
#12
Rebecca A Deal, Yueming Tang, Reid Fletcher, Alfonso Torquati, Philip Omotosho
INTRODUCTION: The impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on weight loss and co-morbid disease resolution is well established. However, the mechanisms underlying the procedure remain incompletely understood. Intestinal remodeling involving glucose transporters (GLUTs) may play a crucial role. Rat studies have demonstrated morphological adaptation of GLUTs within adipose and intestinal cells in association with the reprogramming of glucose metabolism. There is a limited understanding of the variations in expression amongst GLUT family receptors in the human intestine...
September 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936562/can-a-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-be-safely-performed-by-surgical-residents-in-a-bariatric-center-of-excellence-the-learning-curve-of-surgical-residents-in-bariatric-surgery
#13
Anne-Sophie van Rijswijk, Daan E Moes, Noëlle Geubbels, Barbara A Hutten, Yair I Z Acherman, Arnold W van de Laar, Maurits de Brauw, Sjoerd C Bruin
BACKGROUND: A learning curve (LC) is a graphic display of the number of consecutive procedures performed necessary to reach competence and is defined by complications and duration of surgery (DOS). There is little evidence on the LC of surgical residents in bariatric surgery. Aim of the study is to evaluate whether the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) can be safely performed by surgical residents, to evaluate the LC of surgical residents for LRYGB and to assess whether surgical residents fit in the LC of the bariatric center which has been established by their proctors...
September 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936380/knowledge-and-attitude-of-teenagers-towards-electronic-cigarettes-in-karachi-pakistan
#14
Asim Shaikh, Hamza T Ansari, Zeerak Ahmad, Mahnoor Y Shaikh, Ilma Khalid, Maha Jahangir, Amna Majeed, Nimra Shakeel, Arsalan Ahmed, Roha Saeed Memon, Eleze Tariq, Rafia Irfan, Dania Madni
Introduction Studies have shown that electronic cigarettes have gained immense popularity and their use has increased dramatically all over the world. However, little is known about the knowledge and attitudes towards e-cigarettes in third world countries such as Pakistan. The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of teenagers in Karachi regarding e-cigarettes and whether the differences in said perceptions were affected by gender and level of education. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in January 2017 using convenience sampling and interviewed 441 young individuals, aged 13 to 19 years, to determine their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding e-cigarettes...
July 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935887/bitter-or-not-bitterpredict-a-tool-for-predicting-taste-from-chemical-structure
#15
Ayana Dagan-Wiener, Ido Nissim, Natalie Ben Abu, Gigliola Borgonovo, Angela Bassoli, Masha Y Niv
Bitter taste is an innately aversive taste modality that is considered to protect animals from consuming toxic compounds. Yet, bitterness is not always noxious and some bitter compounds have beneficial effects on health. Hundreds of bitter compounds were reported (and are accessible via the BitterDB http://bitterdb.agri.huji.ac.il/dbbitter.php ), but numerous additional bitter molecules are still unknown. The dramatic chemical diversity of bitterants makes bitterness prediction a difficult task. Here we present a machine learning classifier, BitterPredict, which predicts whether a compound is bitter or not, based on its chemical structure...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935822/effect-of-adipose-tissue-thickness-muscle-site-and-sex-on-near-infrared-spectroscopy-derived-total-hemoglobin-myoglobin
#16
Jesse C Craig, Ryan M Broxterman, Samuel L Wilcox, Chixiang Chen, Thomas J Barstow
Adipose tissue thickness (ATT) attenuates signals from near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and diminishes the absolute quantification of underlying tissues by contemporary NIRS devices. Based on the relationship between NIRS-derived total-[Hemoglobin+Myoglobin] (total-[Hb+Mb]) and ATT, we tested the hypotheses that the correction factor for ATT: 1) is muscle site specific; 2) does not differ between men and women; and 3) exclusion of the shortest source-detector distance from data analysis increases total-[Hb+Mb]...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935615/early-life-phthalate-exposure-and-adiposity-at-8-years-of-age
#17
Jessica Shoaff, George D Papandonatos, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Aimin Chen, Bruce P Lanphear, Kimberly Yolton, Joseph M Braun
BACKGROUND: Early-life phthalate exposure may influence child adiposity, but prior studies have not determined if there are periods of enhanced vulnerability to phthalates. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between child adiposity at 8 y of age and repeated urinary biomarkers of phthalate exposure from gestation through childhood to determine if there are distinct periods of vulnerability. METHODS: In 219 mother-child pairs from Cincinnati, Ohio, we quantified nine urinary phthalate metabolites up to two times prenatally and six times from 1-8 y of age...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935147/effect-of-resistant-wheat-starch-on-subjective-appetite-and-food-intake-in-healthy-adults
#18
Christine H Emilien, Walter H Hsu, James H Hollis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of replacing standard wheat flour (SWF) with resistant wheat starch (RWS) on markers of appetite and food intake in healthy adults. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, crossover study was conducted with 27 healthy adults (ages 23 ± 2 y with a body mass index of 23.0 ± 3.0 kg/m(2)). After an overnight fast, muffins that contained only SWF or muffins in which 40% of the SWF was replaced with RWS were consumed as part of the breakfast meal...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934947/-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy-based-metabolomics-analysis-for-the-diagnosis-of-symptomatic-e-coli-associated-urinary-tract-infection-uti
#19
Milena Lussu, Tania Camboni, Cristina Piras, Corrado Serra, Francesco Del Carratore, Julian Griffin, Luigi Atzori, Aldo Manzin
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common diagnoses in girls and women, and to a lesser extent in boys and men younger than 50 years. Escherichia coli, followed by Klebsiella spp. and Proteus spp., cause 75-90% of all infections. Infection of the urinary tract is identified by growth of a significant number of a single species in the urine, in the presence of symptoms. Urinary culture is an accurate diagnostic method but takes several hours or days to be carried out...
September 21, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934875/natural-type-ii-collagen-hydrogel-fibrin-sealant-and-adipose-derived-stem-cells-as-a-promising-combination-for-articular-cartilage-repair
#20
Mariana Lazarini, Pedro Bordeaux-Rego, Renata Giardini-Rosa, Adriana S S Duarte, Mariana Ozello Baratti, Alessandro Rozim Zorzi, João Batista de Miranda, Carlos Lenz Cesar, Ângela Luzo, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Objective Articular cartilage is an avascular tissue with limited ability of self-regeneration and the current clinical treatments have restricted capacity to restore damages induced by trauma or diseases. Therefore, new techniques are being tested for cartilage repair, using scaffolds and/or stem cells. Although type II collagen hydrogel, fibrin sealant, and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) represent suitable alternatives for cartilage formation, their combination has not yet been investigated in vivo for focal articular cartilage defects...
October 2017: Cartilage
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