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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345732/comparative-analysis-in-continuous-expansion-of-bovine-and-human-primary-nucleus-pulposus-cells-for-tissue-repair-applications
#1
D H Rosenzweig, J Tremblay Gravel, D Bisson, J A Ouellet, M H Weber, L Haglund
Autologous NP cell implantation is a potential therapeutic avenue for intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration. However, monolayer expansion of cells isolated from surgical samples may negatively impact matrix production by way of dedifferentiation. Previously, we have used a continuous expansion culture system to successfully preserve a chondrocyte phenotype. In this work, we hypothesised that continuous expansion culture could also preserve nucleus pulposus (NP) phenotype. We confirmed that serial passaging drove NP dedifferentiation by significantly decreasing collagen type II, aggrecan and chondroadherin (CHAD) gene expression, compared to freshly isolated cells...
March 24, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345597/post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-mice-following-mechanical-injury-to-the-synovial-joint
#2
Muhammad Farooq Rai, Xin Duan, James D Quirk, Nilsson Holguin, Eric J Schmidt, Nobuaki Chinzei, Matthew J Silva, Linda J Sandell
We investigated the spectrum of lesions characteristic of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) across the knee joint in response to mechanical injury. We hypothesized that alteration in knee joint stability in mice reproduces molecular and structural features of PTOA that would suggest potential therapeutic targets in humans. The right knees of eight-week old male mice from two recombinant inbred lines (LGXSM-6 and LGXSM-33) were subjected to axial tibial compression. Three separate loading magnitudes were applied: 6N, 9N, and 12N...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345415/chondrogenic-gene-expression-differences-between-chondrocytes-from-osteoarthritic-and-non-oa-trauma-joints-in-a-3d-collagen-type-i-hydrogel
#3
Vivek Jeyakumar, Florian Halbwirth, Eugenia Niculescu-Morzsa, Christoph Bauer, Hannes Zwickl, Daniela Kern, Stefan Nehrer
Objective The purpose of the current study was to compare the donor age variation of chondrocytes from non-OA (osteoarthritic) trauma joints in patients of young to middle age (20.5 ± 3.7, 31.8 ± 1.9, 41.9 ± 4.1 years) embedded in matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) grafts (CaReS). The chondrocyte-specific gene expression of CaReS grafts were then compared to chondrocytes from OA joints (in patients aged 63.8 ± 10 years) embedded in a collagen type I hydrogel. Design OA chondrocytes and articular chondrocyte-laden grafts were cultured over 14 days in chondrogenic growth medium...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345413/development-of-a-tool-to-predict-outcome-of-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation
#4
M Naomi Dugard, Jan Herman Kuiper, Jane Parker, Sally Roberts, Eric Robinson, Paul Harrison, James B Richardson
Objective The study had 2 objectives: first, to evaluate the success of autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) in terms of incidence of surgical re-intervention, including arthroplasty, and investigate predictors of successful treatment outcome. The second objective was to derive a tool predicting a patient's arthroplasty risk following ACI. Design In this Level II, prognostic study, 170 ACI-treated patients (110 males [aged 36.8 ± 9.4 years]; 60 females [aged 38.1 ± 10.2 years]) completed a questionnaire about further surgery on their knee treated with ACI 10...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345408/autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-to-isolated-patella-cartilage-defects
#5
Arvind von Keudell, Roger Han, Tim Bryant, Tom Minas
Background Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a durable treatment for patients with chondral defects. This study presents the comprehensive evaluation of patients with patella defects treated with ACI at medium- to long-term follow-up. Methods Thirty consecutive patients with isolated chondral lesions of the patella were enrolled prospectively. Primary outcome measures were validated patient reported outcome measures and objective magnetic resonance imaging. Results Nineteen of 30 patients underwent tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) to correct lateral maltracking in combination with soft tissue balancing...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345403/intralesional-osteophyte-regrowth-following-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-after-previous-treatment-with-marrow-stimulation-technique
#6
Marco Kawamura Demange, Tom Minas, Arvind von Keudell, Sonal Sodha, Tim Bryant, Andreas H Gomoll
Objective Bone marrow stimulation surgeries are frequent in the treatment of cartilage lesions. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) may be performed after failed microfracture surgery. Alterations to subchondral bone as intralesional osteophytes are commonly seen after previous microfracture and removed during ACI. There have been no reports on potential recurrence. Our purpose was to evaluate the incidence of intralesional osteophyte development in 2 cohorts: existing intralesional osteophytes and without intralesional osteophytes at the time of ACI...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344902/isolation-and-characterization-of-human-articular-chondrocytes-from-surgical-waste-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-tka
#7
Jakob Naranda, Lidija Gradišnik, Mario Gorenjak, Matjaž Vogrin, Uroš Maver
BACKGROUND: Cartilage tissue engineering is a fast-evolving field of biomedical engineering, in which the chondrocytes represent the most commonly used cell type. Since research in tissue engineering always consumes a lot of cells, simple and cheap isolation methods could form a powerful basis to boost such studies and enable their faster progress to the clinics. Isolated chondrocytes can be used for autologous chondrocyte implantation in cartilage repair, and are the base for valuable models to investigate cartilage phenotype preservation, as well as enable studies of molecular features, nature and scales of cellular responses to alterations in the cartilage tissue...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343378/adipose-derived-stem-cells-suppress-inflammation-induced-by-il-1beta-through-down-regulation-of-p2x7r-mediated-by-mir-373-in-chondrocytes-of-osteoarthritis
#8
Rilong Jin, Miaoda Shen, Liedao Yu, Xuanwei Wang, Xiangjin Lin
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were previously considered to have an anti-inflammatory effect, and Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) was found to be a pro-inflammatory factor in chondrocytes, but the mechanism underlying ADSCs and IL-1beta is unclear. In this study, we investigate whether P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) signalling, regulated by microRNA 373 (miR-373), was involved in the ADSCs and IL-1beta mediated inflammation in osteoarthritis (OA). Chondrocytes were collected from 20OA patients and 20 control participants, and ADSCs were collected from patients who had undergone abdominal surgery...
March 27, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343287/catabolic-effects-of-fgf-1-on-chondrocytes-and-its-possible-role-in-osteoarthritis
#9
Abdellatif El-Seoudi, Tarek Abd El Kader, Takashi Nishida, Takanori Eguchi, Eriko Aoyama, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota
Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) is a classical member of the FGF family and is produced by chondrocytes cultured from osteoarthritic patients. Also, this growth factor was shown to bind to CCN family protein 2 (CCN2), which regenerates damaged articular cartilage and counteracts osteoarthritis (OA) in an animal model. However, the pathophysiological role of FGF-1 in cartilage has not been well investigated. In this study, we evaluated the effects of FGF-1 in vitro and its production in vivo by use of an OA model...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342879/stable-subcutaneous-cartilage-regeneration-of-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-directed-by-chondrocyte-sheet
#10
Dan Li, Lian Zhu, Yu Liu, Zongqi Yin, Yi Liu, Fangjun Liu, Aijuan He, Shaoqing Feng, Yixin Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Wenjie Zhang, Wei Liu, Yilin Cao, Guangdong Zhou
In vivo niche plays an important role in regulating differentiation fate of stem cells. Due to lack of proper chondrogenic niche, stable cartilage regeneration of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in subcutaneous environments is always a great challenge. This study explored the feasibility that chondrocyte sheet created chondrogenic niche retained chondrogenic phenotype of BMSC engineered cartilage (BEC) in subcutaneous environments. Porcine BMSCs were seeded into biodegradable scaffolds followed by 4 weeks of chondrogenic induction in vitro to form BEC, which were wrapped with chondrocyte sheets (Sheet group), acellular small intestinal submucosa (SIS, SIS group), or nothing (Blank group) respectively and then implanted subcutaneously into nude mice to trace the maintenance of chondrogenic phenotype...
March 22, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339861/constitutive-luteinizing-hormone-receptor-signaling-causes-sexual-dysfunction-and-leydig-cell-adenomas-in-male-mice1
#11
Lan Hai, Deepak S Hiremath, Marilène Paquet, Prema Narayan
The luteinizing hormone receptor (LHCGR) is necessary for fertility and genetic mutations cause defects in reproductive development and function. Activating mutations in LHCGR cause familial male limited precocious puberty (FMPP). We have previously characterized a mouse model (KiLHRD582G) for FMPP that exhibits the same phenotype of precocious puberty, Leydig cell hyperplasia and elevated testosterone as boys with the disorder. We observed that KiLHRD582G male mice became infertile by 6 months of age although sperm count and motility were normal...
February 17, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339757/bone-characteristics-histopathology-and-chondrocyte-apoptosis-in-femoral-head-necrosis-induced-by-glucocorticoid-in-broilers
#12
M Zhang, C Y Shi, Z L Zhou, J F Hou
Femoral head necrosis (FHN) is a common disorder in fast-growing broilers in the poultry industry, but the pathogenesis of FHN has not been clarified completely. In the present study, glucocorticoid (GC) administration was used to induce FHN in broilers. Compared with normal birds, histopathology showed that the length of the articular cartilage of GC-induced FHN broilers was thicker while the proliferative zone and prehypertrophic zone were obviously thinner. Moreover, hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining showed the apoptotic chondrocyte in the growth plate of the femoral head in FHN-affected birds...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339078/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-platelet%C3%A2-rich-plasma-formulations-on-extracellular-matrix-formation-and-the-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-human-articular-chondrocytes
#13
Wenjing Yin, Haitao Xu, Jiagen Sheng, Zhengliang Xu, Xuetao Xie, Changqing Zhang
Concentrated leukocytes in leukocyte and platelet‑rich plasma (L‑PRP) may deliver increased levels of pro‑inflammatory cytokines to activate the nuclear factor (NF)‑κB signaling pathway, to counter or overwhelm the beneficial effects of growth factors on cartilage regeneration. However, to date, no relevant studies have substantiated this. In the present study, L‑PRP and pure platelet‑rich plasma (P‑PRP) were prepared, and leukocytes, platelets, pro‑inflammatory cytokines and growth factor concentrations were quantified; they were then used to treat human articular chondrocytes (HACs)...
March 23, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339018/role-of-autophagy-in-the-progression-of-osteoarthritis-the-autophagy-inhibitor-3-methyladenine-aggravates-the-severity-of-experimental-osteoarthritis
#14
Ni-Tao Cheng, Hai Meng, Li-Feng Ma, Liang Zhang, Hao-Miao Yu, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Ai Guo
Accumulating evidence suggests that autophagy is closely related to the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine the changes in autophagy during the progression of OA and to elucidate the specific role of autophagy in OA. For this purpose, a cellular model of OA was generated by stimulating SW1353 cells with interleukin (IL)-1β and a rabbit model of OA was also established by an intra-articular injection of collagenase, followed by treatment with the autophagy specific inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338763/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-and-autoimmunity
#15
Vito Pistoia, Lizzia Raffaghello
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are committed progenitors of mesodermal origin that are found virtually in every organ and exhibit multilineage differentiation into osteocytes, adipocytes and chondrocytes. MSCs also mediate a wide spectrum of immunoregulatory activities that usually dampen innate and adaptive immune responses. These features have attracted interest in the perspective of developing novel cell therapies for autoimmune disease. However, depending on the microenvironmental conditions, MSCs may show a plastic behavior and switch to an immunostimulatory phenotype...
February 18, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337445/rapid-chondrocyte-isolation-for-tissue-engineering-applications-the-effect-of-enzyme-concentration-and-temporal-exposure-on-the-matrix-forming-capacity-of-nasal-derived-chondrocytes
#16
Srujana Vedicherla, Conor Timothy Buckley
Laboratory based processing and expansion to yield adequate cell numbers had been the standard in Autologous Disc Chondrocyte Transplantation (ADCT), Allogeneic Juvenile Chondrocyte Implantation (NuQu®), and Matrix-Induced Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (MACI). Optimizing cell isolation is a key challenge in terms of obtaining adequate cell numbers while maintaining a vibrant cell population capable of subsequent proliferation and matrix elaboration. However, typical cell yields from a cartilage digest are highly variable between donors and based on user competency...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337303/the-involvement-and-possible-mechanism-of-nr4a1-in-chondrocyte-apoptosis-during-osteoarthritis
#17
Xinge Shi, Hui Ye, Xuedong Yao, Yanzheng Gao
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease caused by the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone, and places great burdens to daily life of patients. Nuclear orphan receptor nuclear receptor subfamily 4, group A, member 1 (NR4A1) is vital for cell apoptosis, but little is known about its role in OA. This study aims to reveal the expression and function of NR4A1 during OA chondrocyte apoptosis. NR4A1 expression by qRT-PCR and western blot, and chondrocyte apoptosis by TUNEL assay were detected in normal and OA joint cartilage...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337262/osteopontin-stimulates-matrix-metalloproteinase-expression-through-the-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-rat-temporomandibular-joint-and-condylar-chondrocytes
#18
Feng Ding, Jing Wang, Guoxiong Zhu, Huaqiang Zhao, Gaoyi Wu, Lei Chen
BACKGROUND: To examine the possible regulatory mechanisms of osteopontin (OPN) and the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of rats subjected to chronic sleep deprivation (CSD). METHODS: Rats were subjected to CSD using the modified multiple platform method. The histomorphology of the TMJ was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. OPN and NF-κB/p65 expression were detected by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining together with western blotting...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337152/maintaining-the-phenotype-stability-of-chondrocytes-derived-from-mscs-by-c-type-natriuretic-peptide
#19
Quan Shi, Zhiyong Qian, Donghua Liu, Jie Sun, Juan Xu, Ximin Guo
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play a critical role in cartilage tissue engineering. However, MSCs-derived chondrocytes or cartilage tissues are not stable and easily lose the cellular and cartilage phenotype during long-term culture in vitro or implantation in vivo. As a result, chondrocytes phenotypic instability can contribute to accelerated ossification. Thus, it is a big challenge to maintain their correct phenotype for engineering hyaline cartilage. As one member of the natriuretic peptide family, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is found to correlate with the development of the cartilage, affect the chondrocytes proliferation and differentiation...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336490/novel-therapeutic-interventions-for-pseudoachondroplasia
#20
Karen L Posey, Jacqueline T Hecht
Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH), a severe short-limbed dwarfing condition, is associated with life-long joint pain and early onset osteoarthritis. PSACH is caused by mutations in cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), a pentameric matricellular protein expressed primarily in cartilage and other musculoskeletal tissues. Mutations in COMP diminish calcium binding and as a result perturb protein folding and export to the extracellular matrix. Mutant COMP is retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of growth plate chondrocytes resulting in massive intracellular COMP retention...
March 21, 2017: Bone
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