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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909549/patients-presenting-for-colonoscopy-a-great-opportunity-to-screen-for-sleep-apnea
#1
Glenn Harvin, Eslam Ali, Amit Raina, William Leland, Sabeen Abid, Zahid Vahora, Hossein Movahed, Sumyra Kachru, Rick Tee
AIM: To discover the prevalence and the feasibility of screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients presenting for routine colonoscopy. METHODS: Adult patients having a colonoscopy for routine indications at our outpatient endoscopy center were eligible if they did not carry a diagnosis of OSA or had not had a prior sleep study. All patients were administered the Berlin questionnaire prior to the procedure. Mallampati, neck circumference, height, weight, and BMI were obtained for each patient...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898430/an-update-on-the-various-practical-applications-of-the-stop-bang-questionnaire-in-anesthesia-surgery-and-perioperative-medicine
#2
Mahesh Nagappa, Jean Wong, Mandeep Singh, David T Wong, Frances Chung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to provide an update on the various practical applications of the STOP-Bang questionnaire in anesthesia, surgery, and perioperative medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: The STOP-Bang questionnaire was originally validated as a screening tool to identify surgical patients who are at high-risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A recent meta-analysis confirmed that STOP-Bang is validated for use in the sleep clinic, surgical, and general population...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876268/vocal-changes-accompanying-the-descent-of-the-larynx-during-ontogeny-from-neonates-to-adults-in-male-and-female-goitred-gazelles-gazella-subgutturosa
#3
Ilya A Volodin, Kseniya O Efremova, Roland Frey, Natalia V Soldatova, Elena V Volodina
The pronouncedly enlarged and descended larynx in male goitred gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa), Mongolian gazelles (Procapra gutturosa) and fallow deer (Dama dama) represents an interesting parallel to the 'Adam's apple' of human males. Goitred gazelles, as humans, are not born with a descended larynx. Therefore the sexual dimorphism of larynx size and position develops during ontogeny. In this study, the vocal ontogeny of male and female goitred gazelles was investigated across five age classes from neonates to adults...
September 12, 2016: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867888/neck-height-ratio-is-an-important-predictor-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-asian-indians
#4
Chitra Selvan, Deep Dutta, Anubhav Thukral, Titli Nargis, Manoj Kumar, Satinath Mukhopadhyay, Subhankar Chowdhury
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The predictive potential of neck circumference (NC) based indices (a measure of upper body fat distribution) for predicting metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among Indians is not known. This study aimed to evaluate the role of NC and neck height ratio (NHtR) as independent predictors of MetS and its components as compared to traditional anthropometric indices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 451 individuals from 867 screened individuals, 30-80 years age, without any co-morbid state who gave informed written consent underwent clinical, anthropometric, and biochemical assessment...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866310/prediction-of-difficult-laryngoscopy-using-spirometry-a-pilot-study
#5
Serkan Dogru, Tugba Karaman, Aynur Sahin, Hakan Tapar, Serkan Karaman, Semih Arici, Mustafa Suren, Ziya Kaya, Battal Tahsin Somuk
Prediction of difficult laryngoscopy is still the uncovered secret of anesthetic practice. This pilot study is aimed to assess the efficacy of spirometry measurements in predicting difficult laryngoscopy compared with conventional airway assessment techniques. We enrolled 202 adults, ages 18-40 years, with an American Society of Anaesthesiologists score of I or II, scheduled for elective surgery and undergoing general anesthesia. Spirometry was used for lung capacity measurements before the operation. The Mallampati classification, neck circumference, sternomental distance, thyromental distance, maximum mouth-opening measurement, and upper lip bite test of the subjects were measured...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862843/elevated-circulating-neuregulin4-level-in-patients-with-diabetes
#6
Lu-Lu Chen, Miao-Miao Peng, Jiao-Yue Zhang, Xiang Hu, Jie Min, Qiu-Lan Huang, Li-Min Wan
BACKGROUND: Neuregulin4 is a novel adipokine expressed in adipose tissues, enriched in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and able to improve whole-body metabolism in rodent, thus having the potential to treat obesity-associated disorders such as diabetes. However, the association between serum Neuregulin4 levels and diabetes risk in human remains unclear. This study was designed to examine circulating Neuregulin4 levels in subjects with different glucose tolerance status. METHODS: Age-, sex- and BMI-matched subjects (n = 310: 83 normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 129 prediabetes and 96 diabetes) from the Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals: A Longitudinal study (Reaction study) were included...
November 8, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837208/low-dose-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-target-volume-definition-and-treatment-outcome
#7
Alexander Kaltenborn, Ulrich Martin Carl, Tanja Hinsche, Mirko Nitsche, Robert Michael Hermann
PURPOSE: Low-dose external beam radiotherapy (ED-EBRT) is frequently used in the therapy of refractory greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). As studies reporting treatment results are scarce, we retrospectively analyzed our own patient collectives. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 60 patients (74 hips) received LD-EBRT (6 × 0.5 Gy in 29 hips, 6 × 1 Gy in 45). The endpoint was the patient's reported subjective response to treatment. The influence of different patient and treatment characteristics on treatment outcome was investigated...
November 11, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836768/three-dimensional-analysis-of-craniofacial-bones-and-soft-tissues-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#8
Annick Bruwier, Robert Poirrier, Adelin Albert, Nathalie Maes, Michel Limme, Carole Charavet, Mladen Milicevic, Sylvianne Raskin, Anne-Lise Poirrier
A total of 154 adult patients with sleep complaints underwent a polysomnography and a craniofacial cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). OSA was defined as an apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) or an oxygen desaturation index (ODI) ≥ 10. Soft tissues and craniofacial bones volumes were prospectively measured by CBCT and collected blindly from sleep polysomnography. Among the study patients, 127 (83%) suffered from OSA and 27 (17%) did not. OSA patients demonstrated a narrower maxillo-palatine core volume (11...
November 8, 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832234/stop-bang-questionnaire-translation-to-portuguese-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#9
Lorena Barbosa de Moraes Fonseca, Erika Aparecida Silveira, Nathalia Meireles Lima, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi
Objective: To translate and perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, and Gender (STOP-Bang) questionnaire so that it can be used as a screening tool for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in Brazil. Methods: Based on the principles of good practice for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of such instruments, the protocol included the following steps: acquisition of authorization from the lead author of the original questionnaire; translation of the instrument to Brazilian Portuguese, carried out by two translators; reconciliation; back-translation to English, carried out by two English teachers who are fluent in Portuguese; review of the back-translation; harmonization; review and approval of the questionnaire by the original author; cognitive debriefing involving 14 patients who completed the questionnaire; analysis of the results; and review and preparation of the final version of the instrument approved by the review committee...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823726/the-associations-between-sleep-disorders-and-anthropometric-measures-in-adults-from-three-colombian-cities-at-different-altitudes
#10
Alvaro J Ruiz, Martín A Rondon Sepúlveda, Oscar H Franco, Magda Cepeda, Patricia Hidalgo Martinez, Sandra B Amado Garzón, Edna R Salazar Ibarra, Liliana Otero Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common but underdiagnosed conditions, which are associated with obesity. In Colombia, the distribution of sleep disorders remains unclear. We aimed to describe the distribution of sleep disorders, according to demographic, geographic and anthropometric characteristics, in adult Colombian populations. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted with 5474 participants recruited from three Colombian cities at different altitudes. A two-stage cluster sampling method was applied...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810127/-prevalence-of-symptoms-and-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-assessed-by-the-berlin-questionnaire-among-professionals-of-a-health-facility
#11
G Cadelis, O E Fayad Y Monteagudo
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the prevalence of symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) among professionals of a health facility, or they often work in shift schedule and night. Under these conditions, an undetected OSAS may affect alertness and attention in professional acts. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of OSAS among professionals of a health facility. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 773 participants working at the university hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre and volunteers to answer the Berlin questionnaire...
December 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796813/neck-circumference-as-an-effective-measure-for-identifying-cardio-metabolic-syndrome-a-comparison-with-waist-circumference
#12
Yuqi Luo, Xiaojing Ma, Yun Shen, Yiting Xu, Qin Xiong, Xueli Zhang, Yunfeng Xiao, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
Neck circumference is a new anthropometric index for estimating obesity. We aimed to determine the relationship between neck circumference and body fat content and distribution as well as the efficacy of neck circumference for identifying visceral adiposity and metabolic disorders. A total of 1943 subjects (783 men, 1160 women) with a mean age of 58 ± 7 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the standard in the 2013 China Guideline. Analyses were conducted to determine optimal neck circumference cutoff points for visceral adiposity quantified by magnetic resonance imaging, and to compare the performance of neck circumference with that of waist circumference in identifying abdominal obesity and metabolic disorders...
October 31, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776719/cone-beam-computed-tomography-analysis-of-upper-airway-measurements-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Suleiman M Momany, Ghaida AlJamal, Bassam Shugaa-Addin, Yousef S Khader
PURPOSE: To explore the validity of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as one of many predictive tools that can be used (alone or in conjunction) to help in identifying high-risk cases of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that should get the earliest possible referral to a sleep specialist for standard diagnostic polysomnography, and to identify imaging airway parameters that may be predictive of OSA severity. METHODS: Using a case-control design, 45 subjects matched by age and sex (22 OSA cases and 23 controls) were included in this study...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766968/body-condition-score-morphometric-measurements-and-estimation-of-body-weight-in-mature-icelandic-horses-in-denmark
#14
Rasmus B Jensen, Signe H Danielsen, Anne-Helene Tauson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is related to the development of several diseases like insulin resistance and laminitis in horses. The prevalence of obesity among mature Icelandic horses in Denmark has not been investigated previously. This study aimed to find the prevalence of obesity, to compare body condition score (BCS) based on owner perception with that of an experienced person and to correlate the BCS to body weight (BW) and morphometric measures in a group of mature Icelandic horses in Denmark...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759823/increased-ultrasensitive-c-reactive-protein-is-not-associated-with-obesity-in-hospitalized-heart-failure-patients
#15
Vânia Ames Schommer, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Aline Marcadenti, Estefania Inez Wittke, André Luís Câmara Galvão, Guido Bernardo Aranha Rosito
Objective: To evaluate the association between obesity and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with heart failure admitted to a tertiary hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a consecutive sampling of hospitalized patients with heart failure. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected, and the nutritional status was assessed through indicators such as body mass index (in kg/m2), waist circumference (in cm), waist-hip ratio, triceps skinfold (in mm) and subscapularis skinfold (in mm)...
July 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754230/os-33-06-in-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-improves-with-treatment-by-adrenalectomy-or-medical-therapy
#16
Martin Wolley, Diane Cowley, Ashraf Ahmed, Richard Gordon, Michael Stowasser
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is known to commonly co-exist with primary aldosteronism (PA), but it is unknown if treatment via mineralocorticoid receptor blockade or adrenalectomy (for aldosterone producing adenoma, APA), improves sleep apnoea parameters in these patients. We therefore aimed to determine if specific medical or surgical treatment of PA improves OSA, as measured by the apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI). DESIGN AND METHOD: Patients undergoing diagnostic workup for PA were recruited if they had symptoms suggestive of OSA...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733254/fat-accumulation-in-the-tongue-is-associated-with-male-gender-abnormal-upper-airway-patency-and-whole-body-adiposity
#17
Ivan R B Godoy, Edgar Leonardo Martinez-Salazar, Alireza Eajazi, Pedro R Genta, Miriam A Bredella, Martin Torriani
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between tongue adiposity with upper airway measures, whole-body adiposity and gender. We hypothesized that increased tongue adiposity is higher in males and positively associated with abnormal upper airway measures and whole-body adiposity. METHODS: We studied subjects who underwent whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography to obtain tongue attenuation (TA) values and cross-sectional area, pharyngeal length (PL) and mandibular plane to hyoid distance (MPH), as well as abdominal circumference, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral (VAT) adipose tissue areas, neck circumference (NC) and neck adipose tissue area...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727995/neck-circumference-and-leg-length-as-an-independent-predictors-of-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Chandru Lamani, Jeetendra Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727554/neck-circumference-and-leg-length-as-independent-predictors-of-coronary-artery-disease
#19
R S Kaulgud, A Kaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714729/what-can-anthropometric-measurements-tell-us-about-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Ali Yilmaz, Melike Akçaalan
BACKGROUND: Clinical detection of anatomic narrowing of the upper airway may faciliate early recognition of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to investigate whether anthropometric measurement can be used to predict OSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 147 subject were included from those who were referred patients for suspected sleep apnea to our sleep laboratory. All patients were divided 2 groups with respect to the apnea-hypopnea index. The first group was diagnosed as OSA, AHI greater than 5...
October 7, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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