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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225471/glucose-tolerance-testing-and-anthropometric-comparisons-among-rural-residents-of-kyiv-region-investigating-the-possible-effect-of-childhood-starvation-a-community-based-study
#1
Mykola D Khalangot, Volodymir A Kovtun, Nadia V Okhrimenko, Vitaly G Gurianov, Victor I Kravchenko
A relationship between childhood starvation and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in adulthood was previously indicated. Ukraine suffered a series of artificial famines between 1921 and 1947. Famines of 1932 to 1933 and 1946 were most severe among them. Long-term health consequences of these famines remain insufficiently investigated. Type 2 diabetes mellitus screening was conducted between June 2013 and December 2014. A total of 198 rural residents of Kyiv region more than 44 years of age, not registered as patients with T2D, were randomly selected...
2017: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223688/comparison-of-color-flow-with-standard-ultrasound-for-the-detection-of-endotracheal-intubation
#2
Michael Gottlieb, Dallas Holladay, Anthony Serici, Shital Shah, Damali Nakitende
INTRODUCTION: Intubation is a frequently performed procedure in emergency medicine that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality when unrecognized esophageal intubation occurs. However, it may be difficult to visualize the endotracheal tube (ETT) in some patients. This study assessed whether the addition of color Doppler was able to improve the ability to visualize the ETT location. METHODS: This study was performed in a cadaver lab using three different cadavers chosen to represent varying neck circumference...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223622/airway-changes-following-labor-and-delivery-in-preeclamptic-parturients-a-prospective-case-control-study
#3
P Ahuja, D Jain, N Bhardwaj, K Jain, S Gainder, M Kang
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is associated with greater narrowing of the airway than normal pregnancy, but it is not known if these changes worsen during labor and delivery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the airway during and after labor in women with or without preeclampsia. METHODS: Twenty-five normal and 25 severely preeclamptic pregnant women in early labor were recruited in this single-center, prospective, case-control study. Airway assessment was performed (a) before active labor (b) within one hour of delivery and (c) 24-48 h postpartum...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222735/delayed-perforation-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-treated-successfully-by-temporary-stent-placement
#4
Masami Omae, Magnus Konradsson, Francisco Baldaque-Silva
A 71-year-old male patient with a long-segment (C10M12) Barrett's esophagus harboring multifocal high-grade dysplasia was referred to our clinic. After a multidisciplinary team conference and the patient's informed consent, an endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed with resection of 4/5 of the esophageal circumference along 12 cm, without any complications during or immediately after the procedure. In the day after the ESD, the patient presented suddenly with dyspnea and subcutaneous emphysema in the neck and chest...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218131/hypocalcemia-associated-with-subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-of-the-newborn-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Alphonsus N Onyiriuka, Theodora E Utomi
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFNN) is a rare benign inflammatory disorder of the adipose tissue but may be complicated by hypercalcemia or less frequently, hypocalcemia, resulting in morbidity and mortality. Here we report the case of a neonate with subcutaneous fat necrosis who surprisingly developed hypocalcemia instead of hypercalcemia. A full-term female neonate was delivered by emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and was subsequently admitted to the Special Care Baby Unit. The mother's pregnancy was uncomplicated up to delivery...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214988/anthropometric-characteristics-and-traffic-accident-circumstances-of-patients-with-isolated-whiplash-injury-in-university-clinical-hospital-mostar
#6
Pejana Rastović, Marija Definis Gojanović, Ines Perić, Marko Pavlović, Josip Lesko, Gordan Galić, Marko Ostojić
Aim To investigate anthropometric characteristics and traffic accident circumstances of subjects with isolated whiplash injury. Methods This cross sectional study involved 75 subjects from traffic accidents with isolated whiplash injury classified by Quebec Task Force (QTF). Anthropometric data were collected as well as claims about circumstances of traffic accidents. Results Distribution of 1st (28; 37.3%), 2nd (25; 33.3%) and 3rd (22; 29.3%) grade of whiplash injury was almost equal. Females had smaller anthropometric measurements than males; neck circumference was the most significant difference between males and females in the context of whiplash injury...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209671/neck-circumference-as-a-marker-of-obesity-and-a-predictor-of-cardiometabolic-risk-among-saudi-subjects
#7
Eman M Alfadhli, Alaa A Sandokji, Basma N Zahid, Mohammed A Makkawi, Reem F Alshenaifi, Tafani S Thani, Hanan A Habeeb
To determine the optimal cutoff value for neck circumference (NC) that define overweight/obesity and assess its predictive potential for cardiometabolic risks (CMR) among Saudi subjects.  Methods: A cross sectional study of 785 adults recruited from a public health awareness campaign in Medina, Saudi Arabia during June 2015. Waist circumference (WC), NC, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), and random blood glucose (RBG) were assessed, and the presence of CMR were collected by a questionnaire. Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the associations of NC with other anthropometric indices and CMR...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207753/a-study-of-correlation-of-neck-circumference-with-framingham-risk-score-as-a-predictor-of-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Anand K Koppad, Ram S Kaulgud, B S Arun
Introduction: It has been observed that metabolic syndrome is risk factor for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and exerts its effects through fat deposition and vascular aging. CAD has been acknowledged as a leading cause of death. In earlier studies, the metabolic risk has been estimated by Framingham risk score. Recent studies have shown that Neck Circumference (NC) has a good correlation with other traditional anthropometric measurements and can be used as marker of obesity. It also correlates with Framingham risk score, which is slightly more sophisticated measure of CAD risk...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205094/incidence-of-lingual-tonsil-hypertrophy-in-adults-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Jessica A Tang, Michael Friedman
Objectives To characterize the incidence of lingual tonsil hypertrophy (LTH) in adults with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to determine any potential correlation between them. Study Design Retrospective chart review. Setting Single-center database, September 2016 to April 2017. Subject and Methods Lingual tonsil grade (LTG) determined by awake endoscopy was collected as well as other physical examination findings, such as Friedman tongue position, palatine tonsil size, and neck circumference...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190986/the-relationship-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Chaoling Liu, Mao-Sheng Chen, Hui Yu
Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome are two similar diseases. Obstructive Sleep Apnea has been receiving more and more attention while the diagnostic rate of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome is not high. Few studies directly evaluated the relationship between them. We systematically analyzed the relevance of the two diseases. MEDLINE®, EMBASE® and the Cochrane Library were carried out to find studies until May 2017. Pooled mean difference and 95% confidence interval were calculated to evaluate the value of clinical and physiologic variables in the prediction of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184320/neck-circumference-independent-predictor-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-adult-population
#11
Madhur Verma, Meena Rajput, Soumya Swaroop Sahoo, Navjot Kaur
Background: Neck circumference (NC) measurement, an index of upper body fat (BF) distribution, seems promising as a community-based screening measure for overweight and obesity in want of evidence on its validity as a screener. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the validity of NC as a screener for overweight and obesity in adults in community settings against BF percentage (BF%). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study involved data collection on a predesigned, pretested, and semi-structured schedule that included the sociodemographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements of respondents...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177729/the-effect-of-dietary-energy-and-protein-levels-on-body-weight-size-and-microflora-of-ostrich-chicks
#12
Tahereh Nikravesh-Masouleh, Alireza Seidavi, Magdalena Kawka, Mohammad Dadashbeiki
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different dietary energy and protein supplements on performance, weekly body sizes or body frame size, and microbiota of ostrich chicks during 2-9 weeks of age. Two metabolic energy levels of 2400 and 2600 kcal/kg live weight and three protein levels of 20, 22, and 24% were used. A total of 36 ostrich chickens (Struthio camelus) of the blue and black African breed were used. Body weight, 12 body measurements (i.e., circumference of the head, neck, breast, abdomen, thigh, body height, length of tail, list the other 5 here) and excretion of microbial population (Escherichia coli, Coliforms bacteria, and Lactobacillus bacteria) were measured...
November 24, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168040/the-utility-of-home-sleep-apnea-tests-in-patients-with-low-versus-high-pre-test-probability-for-moderate-to-severe-osa
#13
Cathy A Goldstein, Hala Karnib, Katherine Williams, Zunaira Virk, Afifa Shamim-Uzzaman
PURPOSE: Home sleep apnea tests (HSATs) are an alternative to attended polysomnograms (PSGs) when the pre-test probability for moderate to severe OSA is high. However, insurers often mandate use anytime OSA is suspected regardless of the pre-test probability. Our objective was to determine the ability of HSATs to rule in OSA when the pre-test probability of an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) in the moderate to severe range is low. METHODS: Patients who underwent HSATs were characterized as low or high pre-test probability based on the presence of two symptoms of the STOP instrument plus either BMI > 35 or male gender...
November 22, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157580/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-diet-controlled-gestational-diabetes
#14
Ekasitt Wanitcharoenkul, Naricha Chirakalwasan, Somvang Amnakkittikul, Suranut Charoensri, Sunee Saetung, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, La-Or Chailurkit, Panyu Panburana, Sommart Bumrungphuet, Boonsong Ongphiphadhanakul, Sirimon Reutrakul
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was shown to be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, prevalence of OSA in GDM women, its relationship to metabolic control, and predictive factors have not been studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-two obese pregnant women with diet-controlled GDM between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation participated. The Berlin questionnaire was used to assess OSA symptoms. OSA was diagnosed using an overnight monitor...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144029/neck-circumference-a-valuable-anthropometric-measurement-to-detect-metabolic-syndrome-among-different-age-groups-in-china
#15
Ting Cui, Ban-Huao Yan, Zhan Liu, Hui Yang, Michael Gyan, Yu-Xia Ma
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between neck circumference (NC) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese residents and to explore the cut-off points of NC for MS in different age groups. METHODS: In all, 4227 Chinese adults (18-90 years) were enrolled in the study and divided into three subgroups (young, middle-aged and elderly) according to their ages. The compared data for the subjects included anthropometric indicators and biochemical detection indices...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123432/a-pictorial-sleepiness-and-sleep-apnoea-scale-to-recognize-individuals-with-high-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Cathrin Edelmann, Ramesh Ghiassi, Deborah R Vogt, Martyn R Partridge, Ramin Khatami, Jörg D Leuppi, David Miedinger
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of a new pictorial form of a screening test for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) - the pictorial Sleepiness and Sleep Apnoea Scale (pSSAS). Validation was performed in a sample of patients admitted to sleep clinics in the UK and Switzerland. Patients and methods: All study participants were investigated with objective sleep tests such as full-night-attended polysomnography or polygraphy. The pSSAS was validated by taking into account the individual result of the sleep study, sleep-related questionnaires and objective parameters such as body mass index (BMI) or neck circumference...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102773/appropriate-neck-circumference-cut-off-points-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-turkish-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Ismail Ozkaya, Bulent Yardimci, Aydin Tunckale
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between neck circumference (NC), overweight, and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Turkish patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 264 diabetic patients (mean age: 52.9±8.1 years) were recruited from two centers in Istanbul to perform anthropometric measurements, including waist and hip circumference, NC, and body mass index. Blood pressure, fasting glucose, and lipid profile (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels) were determined...
November 1, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097346/preliminary-experience-with-the-use-of-ultra-low-profile-endografts
#18
Daniela Mazzaccaro, Giovanni Malacrida, Bruno Amato, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Anna Maria Ierardi, Giovanni Nano
PURPOSE: We aimed to report a preliminary single-center experience of elective endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using ultra-low profile (ULP) endografts of 14 F outer diameter. METHODS: Data of 67 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR using either Ovation (group A, n=30) or Incraft (group B, n=37) endografts were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Aorto-iliac anatomy was significantly different between the two groups, as patients of group A had a greater thrombotic apposition on proximal aortic neck (thrombus thickness: 7...
November 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094277/association-of-anthropometric-indices-with-continuous-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#19
Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Pooneh Angoorani, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Tahereh Aminaee, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the association of anthropometric indices with continuous metabolic syndrome (cMetS) among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This multicentric study was conducted on 14138 students aged 7-18 years, who participated in a national surveillance program. Fasting blood sample was obtained from a subsample of 3843 randomly selected students. Physical examination including the measurement of anthropometric indices and blood pressure was conducted; fasting blood glucose and lipid profile were measured; and cMetS score was computed...
November 1, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074066/dysphagia-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-acute-first-ever-ischemic-stroke
#20
Anna Losurdo, Valerio Brunetti, Aldobrando Broccolini, Pietro Caliandro, Giovanni Frisullo, Roberta Morosetti, Fabio Pilato, Paolo Profice, Nadia Mariagrazia Giannantoni, Maria Luisa Sacchetti, Elisa Testani, Catello Vollono, Giacomo Della Marca
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and dysphagia are common in acute stroke and are both associated with increased risk of complications and worse prognosis. The aims of the present study were (1) to evaluate the prevalence of OSA and dysphagia in patients with acute, first-ever, ischemic stroke; (2) to investigate their clinical correlates; and (3) to verify if these conditions are associated in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We enrolled a cohort of 140 consecutive patients with acute-onset (<48 hours), first-ever ischemic stroke...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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