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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928260/liver-enlargement-predicts-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-women
#1
Giovanna Scartabelli, Giorgia Querci, Letizia Marconi, Giovanni Ceccarini, Paolo Piaggi, Paola Fierabracci, Guido Salvetti, Giovanni Cizza, Salvatore Mazzeo, Jacopo Vitti, Slava Berger, Antonio Palla, Ferruccio Santini
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is frequently present in patients with severe obesity, but its prevalence especially in women is not well defined. OSAHS and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are common conditions, frequently associated in patients with central obesity and metabolic syndrome and are both the result of the accumulation of ectopic fat mass. Identifying predictors of risk of OSAHS may be useful to select the subjects requiring instrumental sleep evaluation. In this cross-sectional study, we have investigated the potential role of hepatic left lobe volume (HLLV) in predicting the presence of OSAHS...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924138/allantoin-as-an-independent-marker-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#2
M S Santana, K P Nascimento, P A Lotufo, I M Benseãor, F C Meotti
Allantoin is the main product of uric acid oxidation and was found to be augmented in atherosclerotic plaque in human autopsy and in animal models of atherosclerosis. Uric acid is abundant in human plasma and is prone to oxidation in inflammatory conditions such as atherosclerosis. In this study, we found a significant increase in plasma uric acid (P=0.002) and allantoin (P=0.025) in participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) that presented common carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT) within the 75th percentile (c-IMT≥P75)...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922955/construction-of-a-statistical-cervical-vertebrae-geometric-model-for-children-3-10-years-old
#3
Zhigang Li, Xiaoqiang Han, Cheng Ji, Xinfeng Han
Cervical spinal injuries of children in motor vehicle crashes have high morbidity and mortality rates. Cervical vertebrae change rapidly in both size and shape during growth. To accurately assess the risk of spinal injury for children of different ages, it is necessary to understand how the spatial geometric features of vertebrae change with the child's age and neck size. In this study, an innovative semi-automated method was developed that can extract and align geometric points from computed tomography scans to accurately represent complex three-dimensional vertebral geometry...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900162/association-of-insulin-resistance-with-lower-bone-volume-and-strength-index-of-the-proximal-femur-in-nondiabetic-postmenopausal-women
#4
Jaewon Yang, Namki Hong, Jee-Seon Shim, Yumie Rhee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of osteoporotic fracture despite relatively preserved bone mineral density (BMD). Although this paradox might be attributed to the influence of insulin resistance (IR) on bone structure and material properties, the association of IR with femur bone geometry and strength indices remains unclear. Methods: Using data from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center cohort study, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis among nondiabetic postmenopausal women...
May 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899880/neck-circumference-as-an-indicator-of-central-obesity-in-healthy-young-bosnian-adults-cross-sectional-study
#5
Asija Zaciragic, Mehmed Elezovic, Nermina Babic, Nesina Avdagic, Amela Dervisevic, Jasminko Huskic
Background: Neck circumference (NC) is an index of subcutaneous adipose tissue distribution in an area of the upper part of the body. The aim of this study was to assess whether NC can be used as an indicator of central obesity and to determine the prevalence of central obesity in apparently healthy Bosnian young adults. Methods: Participants for this cross-sectional study were recruited using the snowball method. NC was measured in horizontal straight position by placing the top edge of a plastic tape only below the laryngeal prominence and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the neck, with the head positioned in the Frankfort horizontal plane...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892043/obesity-and-anthropometric-determinants-of-autonomic-control-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-which-measurements-matter
#6
Lisa M Walter, Knarik Tamanyan, Lauren C Nisbet, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
BACKGROUND: Obesity and anthropometric measurements predict more severe sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children, and are associated with cardiovascular risk factors in children without SDB. We aimed to investigate whether anthropometric measurements predicted autonomic control in children with SDB. We hypothesised that anthropometric measures would be significant predictors of decreased heart rate variability. METHODS: Children (3-17 years) with SDB (n = 298) and non-snoring controls (n = 126) underwent polysomnography...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889828/sleepiness-fatigue-anxiety-and-depression-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-overlap-syndrome-before-and-after-continuous-positive-airways-pressure-therapy
#7
Nicholas-Tiberio Economou, Ioannis Ilias, Lemonia Velentza, Yiannis Papachatzakis, Paul Zarogoulidis, Anastasios Kallianos, Georgia Trakada
Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and / or Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) often complain about sleepiness, fatigue, anxiety and depression. However, common screening questionnaires, like Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) have not been previous evaluated in patients with overlap-coexisting COPD and OSA-syndrome versus patients with OSA alone. Our study compared ESS, FSS and HADS between patients with overlap syndrome and patients with OSA, before and after treatment with Continuous Positive Airways Pressure (CPAP)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871548/antenatal-synthetic-glucocorticoid-exposure-at-human-therapeutic-equivalent-doses-predisposes-middle-age-male-offspring-baboons-to-an-obese-phenotype-that-emerges-with-aging
#8
Hillary F Huber, Anderson H Kuo, Cun Li, Susan L Jenkins, Kenneth G Gerow, Geoffrey D Clarke, Peter W Nathanielsz
INTRODUCTION: Women threatening premature delivery receive synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC) to accelerate fetal lung maturation, reducing neonatal mortality and morbidity. Few investigations have explored potential long-term offspring side effects. We previously reported increased pericardial fat and liver lipids in 10-year-old (human equivalent 40 years) male baboons exposed to 3 antenatal sGC courses. We hypothesized middle-aged sGC male offspring show obesity-related morphometric changes...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868914/anthropometric-measures-of-central-adiposity-are-highly-concordant-with-predictors-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-hiv-patients
#9
Rebeca A Beraldo, Gabriela C Meliscki, Bruna R Silva, Anderson M Navarro, Valdes R Bollela, André Schmidt, Maria C Foss-Freitas
Background: Body fat redistribution and metabolic abnormalities found in HIV patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) contribute to an atherogenic profile, increasing cardiovascular disease risk. Objective: We aimed to evaluate adiposity measures/indexes and propose cutoffs associated with predictors of cardiovascular disease risk in HIV patients on HAART. Design: To evaluate cardiovascular disease risk in this cross-sectional study, we conducted electrocardiogram exams and stress electrocardiography, measured the ankle brachial index and blood pressure arterial hypertension, conducted lipid biochemical tests, and measured blood glucose...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860189/detecting-inspiratory-flow-limitation-with-temporal-features-of-nasal-airflow
#10
Ying Xuan Zhi, Daniel Vena, Milos R Popovic, T Douglas Bradley, Azadeh Yadollahi
BACKGROUND: Inspiratory flow limitation is a breathing pattern during sleep caused by upper airway (UA) narrowing that occurs during snoring and various degrees of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Clinical examination of flow limitation relies on identifying patterns of airflow contour, however this process is subjective and lacks physiological evidence of UA narrowing. Our objective is to derive the temporal features of nasal airflow contour that characterize flow limitation. The features that correlate with UA narrowing can be used to develop machine learning classifiers to detect flow limitation with physiological support...
May 2, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859477/night-eating-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
Matias Carvalho Aguiar Melo, Maximilo de Oliveira Ribeiro, Carolina Freitas Cardeal de Araújo, Licia Marah Figueredo de Mesquita, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin
OBJECTIVE: Night eating syndrome (NES) involves reduced feeding during the day and evening hyperphagia sometimes accompanied by frequent nocturnal awakenings with conscious episodes of compulsive ingestion of food. Previously, NES has not been evaluated in bipolar disorder (BD). The objective of this study was to identify NES in euthymic BD patients. PATIENTS/METHODS: Eighty BD patients and 40 controls were examined using the Night Eating Questionnaire, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Anxiety, Young Mania Rating Scale, Functioning Assessment Short-Test and International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
May 7, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850603/utility-of-neck-circumference-for-identifying-metabolic-syndrome-by-different-definitions-in-chinese-subjects-over-50-years-old-a-community-based-study
#12
Shuo Lin, Li Hu, Ping Li, Xiaofeng Li, Keyi Lin, Bilian Zhu, Panwei Mu, Longyi Zeng
Aims: Whether neck circumference (NC) could be used as a valuable tool for identifying metabolic syndrome (MS) by different criteria in Chinese is still unclear. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey from October 2010 to January 2011 in Shipai community, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. A total of 1473 subjects aged over 50 years were investigated. We measured height, weight, NC, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood glucose, and lipids in all subjects...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807957/cephalometric-evaluation-of-the-hyoid-bone-position-in-lebanese-healthy-young-adults
#13
Antoine Daraze
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study are to assess hyoid sagittal and vertical position, and potential correlations with gender, skeletal class, and anthropometrics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven cephalometric linear, angular, and ratio measurements for the hyoid were recorded on lateral cephalograms obtained from 117 healthy young Lebanese adults. Anthropometric parameters including height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and neck circumference (NC) were measured...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797754/change-in-weight-and-central-obesity-by-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-longitudinal-data-from-the-esada-cohort
#14
Ozen K Basoglu, Ding Zou, Mehmet S Tasbakan, Jan Hedner, Silke Ryan, Johan Verbraecken, Pierre Escourrou, Ulla Antalainen, John A Kvamme, Maria R Bonsignore, Sofia Schiza, Ludger Grote
The effect of positive airway pressure treatment on weight and markers of central obesity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea remains unclear. We studied the change in body weight and anthropometric measures following positive airway pressure treatment in a large clinical cohort. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea with positive airway pressure treatment from the European Sleep Apnea Database registry (n = 1,415, 77% male, age 54 ± 11 [mean ± SD] years, body mass index 31.7 ± 6.4 kg/m2 , apnea-hypopnea index 37 ± 24 n per hr, Epworth Sleepiness Scale 10...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794494/abdominal-obesity-sarcopenia-and-osteoporosis-are-associated-with-frailty-in-men-living-with-and-without-hiv
#15
Kellie L Hawkins, Long Zhang, Derek K Ng, Keri N Althoff, Frank J Palella, Lawrence A Kingsley, Lisa P Jacobson, Joseph B Margolick, Jordan E Lake, Todd T Brown, Kristine M Erlandson
OBJECTIVE: The relationships between frailty and body composition in older adults with HIV infection are poorly understood. We sought to describe associations between frailty and measures of body composition among adult men with HIV and without HIV. DESIGN/METHODS: Men with and without HIV (age 50-69 years) in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) Bone Strength Substudy were included if evaluated for frailty (by Fried phenotype) and body composition [BMI, waist circumference, abdominal visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissue, sarcopenia, and osteopenia/osteoporosis]...
June 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791653/waist-circumference-is-an-effect-modifier-of-the-association-between-bone-mineral-density-and-glucose-metabolism
#16
Lygia N Barroso, Dayana R Farias, Marcia Soares-Mota, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri, Milton Cesar Foss, Antônio Augusto M da Silva, Gilberto Kac
OBJECTIVE: The role of bone markers on insulin resistance (IR) remains controversial. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and glucose metabolism and investigate if visceral hyperadiposity, evaluated by waist circumference (WC), is an effect modifier of this association. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis with 468 young adults from the fourth follow-up of the 1978/79 Ribeirão Preto prospective birth cohort, Brazil...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785859/apposition-and-positioning-of-the-nellix-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-system-in-the-infrarenal-aortic-neck
#17
Kim van Noort, Simon P Overeem, Ruben van Veen, Jan M M Heyligers, Michel M P J Reijnen, Richte C L Schuurmann, Cornelis H Slump, Rogier Kropman, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
PURPOSE: To investigate the initial proximal position and seal of the Nellix EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing (EVAS) system in the aortic neck using a novel methodology. METHODS: Forty-six consecutive patients who underwent elective EVAS for an abdominal aortic aneurysm were retrospectively selected and dichotomized into an early (n = 23) and a late (n = 23) group. The aortic neck morphology and aortic neck surface (ANS) were determined on preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans; the endograft position and nonapposition surface (NAS) were determined on the 1-month CT scans...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779782/the-association-of-neck-circumference-with-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
N Namazi, B Larijani, P J Surkan, L Azadbakht
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several prior studies suggested that neck circumference (NC) is a reliable diagnostic tool for risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its features. However, not all studies support this view. Therefore, we aimed to perform a meta-analysis to summarize the association between NC with MetS and its components in adult populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed/Medline, Web of Knowledge, and Scopus electronic databases were searched until May 31, 2017 to find relevant English-language papers...
March 21, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772418/differences-between-manual-and-automatic-analysis-in-determining-the-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-home-sleep-apnea-testing
#19
Gonzalo Labarca, Jorge Dreyse, Constanza Salas, Andrea Contreras, Gonzalo Nazar, Maria I Gaete, Jorge Jorquera
INTRODUCTION: Home sleep apnea testing (HSAT) is a diagnostic measure for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in moderate/high risk patients. Some HSAT companies contain automatic analysis (AA). However, guidelines recommend manual analysis (MA) despite the weak evidence for this recommendation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the concordance between AA and MA of HSAT to make either a diagnosis and severity classification. METHODS: We evaluated AA and MA of HSAT between 2015 and 2016...
July 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765930/effect-of-fennel-on-the-health-status-of-menopausal-women-a-systematic-and-meta-analysis
#20
Talat Khadivzadeh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Leila Kargarfard, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Fatemeh Rajab Dizavandi, Imaneh Khorsand
Objectives: The aim of the present study is the systematic and critical investigation of the effectiveness of fennel on the climacteric symptoms among menopausal females. Methods: A search of the trials studying the effect of fennel on menopausal females was conducted in 2017 using the MEDLINE and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library with the following keywords: fennel, Foeniculum vulgare , and menopause. Results: Fennel combined with officinalis is more effective in the attenuating of sleep disorders compared to Citalopram...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
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