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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028482/adiposity-phenotypes-are-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-lap-index-body-adiposity-index-and-neck-circumference
#1
Aline Marcadenti, Flavio D Fuchs, Leila B Moreira, Miguel Gus, Sandra C Fuchs
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adiposity phenotypes can be detected by anthropometric indexes associated with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Besides body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), new indices seem to be able to identify T2DM. This study aimed to evaluate independent associations of T2DM with lipid accumulation product (LAP index), neck circumference (NC) and body adiposity index (BAI) in patients with hypertension. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 430 patients with hypertension...
September 22, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988101/computed-tomography-characterization-and-comparison-with-polysomnography-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-evaluation
#2
Khaisang Chousangsuntorn, Thongchai Bhongmakapat, Navarat Apirakkittikul, Witaya Sungkarat, Nucharin Supakul, Jiraporn Laothamatas
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that computed tomography (CT) combined with portable polysomnography (PSG) might better visualize anatomic data related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The present study evaluated the CT findings during OSA and assessed their associations with the PSG data and patient characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a prospective cross-sectional study of patients with OSA. The patients underwent scanning during the awake state and apneic episodes...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984098/role-of-flexible-fiberoptic-laryngoscopy-in-predicting-difficult-intubation
#3
Ying Guo, Yufang Feng, Hui Liang, Rubo Zhang, Xiaolan Cai, Xinliang Pan
BACKGROUND: The ability to precisely predict which intubations will be difficult during administration of anesthesia is an importantpart of preoperative preparation. This study's goal is to accurately identify patients who will be difficult to intubate using the number of tracheal rings observed preoperatively by fiberoptic laryngoscopy. METHODS: We enrolled 994 adult patients in our study who required general anesthesia and orotracheal intubation for their elective surgeries...
October 4, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969558/neck-circumference-and-its-correlation-to-other-anthropometric-parameters-and-finnish-diabetes-risk-score-findrisc
#4
Alexei Volaco, Clara Martinuze Martins, Jessica Queiroz Soares, Ana Maria Cavalcanti, Simone Tetu Moyses, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Dalton Bertolim Precom
BACKGROUND: The neck circumference (NC) is an anthropometric measure to evaluate obesity. The FINDRISC predicts the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our aims were to identify the mean value of NC in individuals with higher (≥15 points) and lower FINDRISC and to establish cutoff values that indicate individuals with higher FINDRISC. METHODS: It is a population-based, cross-sectional study representative of the city of Curitiba, Brazil. We studied individuals (>18 years), without diabetes mellitus, between August 2013 and August 2014...
October 2, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943894/prevalence-and-severity-of-syndrome-z-in-women-with-metabolic-syndrome-on-waiting-list-for-bariatric-surgery-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Eduardo Araujo Perez, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Wilson Rodrigues Freitas, Carlos Alberto Malheiros, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Anderson Soares Silva, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Patricia Clemente Oliveira, Felipe X Cepeda, Luciana M M Sampaio, Ivani C Trombetta, Humberto Delle, Daniel Gianella Neto, Sergio Roberto Nacif, Roberto Stirbulov
BACKGROUND: In recent years, obesity has become one of the most important public health problems in the world, with a growing prevalence in both developed and developing countries. Recent studies show that sleep disturbances, especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be a manifestation of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Although the association of OSA with the MetS is largely attributed to obesity, the exact pathophysiological mechanisms and their individual characteristics still need to be identified...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935145/determinants-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-pro-inflammatory-state-and-dysfunction-of-high-density-lipoprotein
#6
Yusuf Karadeniz, Altan Onat, Tuğba Akbaş, Barış Şimşek, Hüsniye Yüksel, Günay Can
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine variables preceding and predicting incident obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in the population at large. METHODS: Anthropometric, lipid, and non-lipid variables in participants with newly developing OSAS (n = 131) were compared with those of a cohort sample (n = 2615) of the Turkish Adult Risk Factor study. Available values preceding (by a median of 32 mo) the development of OSAS were used in multivariable Cox regression models...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935142/association-between-neck-and-wrist-circumferences-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#7
Roya Kelishadi, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Mostafa Qorbani, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Zeinab Ahadi, Tahereh Aminaee, Ramin Heshmat
OBJECTIVE: The predictive potentials of neck and wrist circumferences for cardiometabolic risks in children and adolescents remain to be determined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of neck and wrist circumferences with some cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted during the 2014 to 2015 school year with 4200 children and adolescents ages 7 to 18 y. The children were selected by multistage cluster sampling from 30 provinces of Iran...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926516/association-between-obesity-and-sleep-disorders-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Maria Fernanda Naufel, Cristina Frange, Monica Levy Andersen, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Sergio Tufik, Eliane Beraldi Ribeiro, Helena Hachul
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between obesity and sleep architecture in postmenopausal women. METHODS: One hundred seven postmenopausal women from the Ambulatory of Integrative Treatment for Female Sleep Disorders were invited by telephone to participate in this study. Fifty-three completed the study. We included women aged 50 to 70 years, and excluded women on hormone therapy or missing data. The study consisted of two meetings, including a full-night polysomnography...
September 18, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913484/identification-of-significant-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-the-obese-patient-development-of-the-novel-dx-osa-score
#9
Daniela D Godoroja, Dan Adrian Cioc
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a high prevalence of undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in obese surgical patients. We investigated the extent to which anthropometric measurements can be used to identify the presence of significant OSA (Apnoea/Hypopnoea Index (AHI) ≥ 20) in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 1357 adult patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Prior to surgery, body mass index (BMI), gender, neck circumference, STOP-Bang score, SpO2, neck and trunk fat (by dual X-ray absorptiometry) were recorded...
October 2016: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899889/neck-circumference-and-clustered-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents-cross-sectional-study
#10
José Castro-Piñero, Alvaro Delgado-Alfonso, Luis Gracia-Marco, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Oscar L Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, Víctor Segura-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, such as obesity, is crucial to prevent adverse long-term effects on individuals' health. Therefore, the aims were: (1) to explore the robustness of neck circumference (NC) as a predictor of CVD and examine its association with numerous anthropometric and body composition indices and (2) to release sex and age-specific NC cut-off values to classify youths as overweight/obese. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894372/frequent-respiratory-events-in-postoperative-patients-aged-60-years-and-above
#11
Suzanne Jl Broens, Xuan He, Rachel Evley, Erik Olofsen, Marieke Niesters, Ravi P Mahajan, Albert Dahan, Monique van Velzen
There is limited information on the occurrence of respiratory events in postoperative patients after discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. We studied the respiratory rate (RR) of 68 patients aged 60 years and above during the first 6 hours following elective surgery under general anesthesia to assess the frequency of respiratory events in the care unit and on the ward. RR was derived from the continuous RR counter RespiR8, measuring RR by quantifying the humidity of exhaled air. One-minute-averaged RRs were collected and analyzed to assess the frequency of postoperative bradypnea (RR 1-6 breaths/minute) and apnea (cessation of inspiratory flow ≥60 seconds)...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894290/association-of-proton-density-fat-fraction-in-adipose-tissue-with-imaging-based-and-anthropometric-obesity-markers-in-adults
#12
D Franz, D Weidlich, F Freitag, C Holzapfel, T Drabsch, T Baum, H Eggers, A Witte, E J Rummeny, H Hauner, D C Karampinos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the proton density fat fraction (PDFF), measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of supraclavicular and gluteal adipose tissue with subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (SAT and VAT) volumes, liver fat fraction and anthropometric obesity markers. The supraclavicular fossa was selected as a typical location where brown adipocytes may be present in humans and the gluteal region was selected as a typical location enclosing primarily white adipocytes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892878/role-of-anthropometric-measurements-in-development-of-cvd-and-stroke-among-t2dm-in-east-godavari-district-andhra-pradesh-india
#13
Mortha Kiran Deedi, Alavala Matta Reddy, Nelakuditi Lakshmana Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have been associated with different variables of anthropometric measurements. AIM: To find out the association of anthropometric measurements in the development of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and stroke among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred subjects were included in the study out of which 100 subjects were known type 2 diabetics with CVD or Stroke (Group 1), 100 subjects were type 2 diabetic patients (Group 2) and 100 subjects were normal and healthy (Group 3)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884388/circulating-c3-and-glucose-metabolism-abnormalities-in-patients-with-osahs
#14
Xiaoxia Lu, Xiao Wang, Ting Xu, Yuan Feng, Yufeng Wang, Zechuan Cai, Bing Cao, Taoping Li
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common breathing disorder during sleep characterized by multiple disease roots, including disorders of complement and glycometabolism. And the main purpose of the present study is to make clear the effect of complement C3 on glucose metabolism abnormalities in patients with OSAHS. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Two hundred six patients, mean age 44.58 ± 11.84 years and 26 female patients (26/206), had been suspected with OSAHS and underwent overnight polysomnography...
September 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883880/semi-lobar-holoprosencephaly-with-vertebral-segmentation-defects
#15
Birendra Rai, Farhana Sharif
Holoprosencephaly is the most common embryonic brain defect. Foetuses who survive during intrauterine life are born with varying grades of brain and facial deformities. Extra craniofacial manifestations are common. Vertebral segmentation defects are rarely seen with holoprosencephaly, mainly in association with holoprosencephaly diencephalic hamartoblastoma (HDH) association. A female infant was born at term by normal delivery. Birth head circumference was below the 3rd percentile. Antenatal scan had showed microcephaly as the only abnormality...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876375/twenty-four-hour-blood-pressure-in-obese-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Claudia M Correa, Ronaldo A Gismondi, Ana Rosa Cunha, Mario F Neves, Wille Oigman
BACKGROUND: Obesity, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are closely related. Up to 70% of patients with OSA may be asymptomatic, and there is evidence that these patients have cardiovascular disease, especially nocturnal SAH. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate 24-hour blood pressure circadian variation in asymptomatic, obese individuals with moderate-to-severe OSA and compare it with that in individuals with mild OSA or without OSA...
September 4, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869072/mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-powell-tuck-and-hennessy-s-equation-correlate-with-body-mass-index-and-can-be-used-sequentially-in-gastrostomy-fed-patients
#17
Rita Barosa, Lídia Roque Ramos, Carla Adriana Santos, Marta Pereira, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple and widespread method to assess undernutrition. However its use may be limited in bedridden patients. AIMS: 1) compare BMI, Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and Powell-Tuck and Hennessy's regression equation for BMI (BMIPTH) in gastrostomy fed patients, 2) validate its correlation for sequential use and 3) select the best cut-off of MUAC and BMIPTH to predict risk of undernutrition. METHODS: Prospective study including adult patients who underwent endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857087/obstructive-sleep-apnea-risk-for-driving-license-applicants-in-india-a-community-based-study
#18
Abhishek Dubey, Darshan K Bajaj, Apurva Mishra, Balendra Pratap Singh, Vinay Gupta, Surya Kant, Swati Dixit
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) for male permanent driving license (DL) applicants of Lucknow, India. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional community based, study body mass index, waist-hip ratio, blood pressure of each subject were determined as an anthropometric parameter along with the history of habit of smoking, tobacco chewing, alcohol consumption. STOP-Bang (Snoring, Tired or sleepy, Observed apnea, high blood Pressure, Body mass index, Age, Neck, Gender) Questionnaire - a scoring risk assessment tool - was applied for assessment of OSA risk (high OSA risk defined by score ≥ 3) for 542 male DL recipients at 2 Regional Transport Office (RTO) centers in Lucknow, India...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835056/-application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-evaluation-of-retinal-microvascular-changes-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#19
X Y Wang, M Li, X Ding, D M Han
Objective: To assess the changes of retinal microvasculature in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCTA). Methods: Adult OSAS patients who visited Beijing Tongren Hospital from Jan 2016 to Apr 2016 and complained of snoring were included in this study. The patients' general information, results of polysomnography, and OCTA parameters were collected. Patients were divided into three groups according to their apnea hypopnea index (AHI) results: Mild-moderate group, AHI≤30/h; Severe group, 30/h<AHI≤60/h; Extremely severe group, AHI>60/h, and clinical characteristics, polysomnography and OCTA parameters among the three groups were compared...
August 22, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832779/can-neck-circumference-predict-insulin-resistance-in-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-at-primary-care-in-brazil
#20
Maria Auxiliadora Nogueira Saad, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Giovanna Balarini Lima, Rubens Antunes da Cruz
This study focused on the correlation between neck circumference and other anthropometric measurements and cardiovascular risk factors and insulin resistance in the elderly in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional study in 411 patients seen in primary care. Anthropometric measurements including neck circumference, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were recorded. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) estimated the percentage of total body fat (%TBF)...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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