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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803396/early-regression-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-after-bariatric-surgery-and-its-relation-to-serum-leptin-reduction
#1
G Lambert, Marcelo Miranda de Oliveira Lima, A C Felici, J C Pareja, A C J Vasques, F S Novaes, S Rodovalho, F F P Hirsch, J R Matos-Souza, Élinton A Chaim, B Geloneze
PURPOSE: Bariatric surgery (BS) promotes carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) regression as early as 6 months post-surgery. To verify whether C-IMT regression occurs even earlier, we aimed at the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) on C-IMT 1-2 months and 12 months post-surgery. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective trial. BS was performed on 109 patients either with (RYGBP = 42; BDP = 40) or without type 2 diabetes (RYGBP = 27)...
August 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796077/association-of-adiponectin-level-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-prevalence-in-obese-subjects
#2
Fanfang Zeng, Xiang Wang, Wei Hu, Lili Wang
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent in obese subjects. Plasma adiponectin level in obese subjects is decreased. Whether reduced adiponectin level is associated with OSA is unknown. Participants without a previous diagnosis of OSA or who have not been treated with continuous positive airway pressure were enrolled and parameters of interest were collected. Polysomnography was performed to evaluate the presence of OSA and the severity of OSA as indexed by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Between-group differences were analyzed...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777805/relationship-between-alcohol-drinking-and-arterial-hypertension-in-indigenous-people-of-the-mura-ethnics-brazil
#3
Alaidistania Aparecida Ferreira, Zilmar Augusto Souza-Filho, Maria Jacirema F Gonçalves, Juliano Santos, Angela Maria G Pierin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the consumption of alcoholic beverage and the relation with hypertension, their prevalence and associated factors, in indigenous Mura, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with 455 adult indigenous aged 18 years or more of Mura ethnics in Amazonia, Brazil. Interview was conducted and the alcohol intake was assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Blood pressure was measured in three measurements and the mean of the last two measurements was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764584/sonographic-correlation-of-foetal-neck-circumference-and-area-with-gestational-age-among-pregnant-women-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#4
Obinna Everistus Abonyi, Charles Ugwoke Eze, Sobechukwu W I Onwuzu
The purpose of this study was to create a reference range nomogram of foetal neck circumference (FNC) and foetal neck area (FNA) in a Nigerian population using polynomial regression models. This cross-sectional study involved 723 pregnant women between 14 and 40 weeks of gestation. Axial measurements of the FNC and FNA were obtained in three measurements and the mean taken as the final value and the 5th, 50th and 95th percentiles for each foetal gestational age (FGA) were calculated. FNC and FNA correlated strongly with FGA, biparietal diameter, abdominal circumference, head circumference, and femoral length...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742086/predictive-models-for-estimating-visceral-fat-the-contribution-from-anthropometric-parameters
#5
Claudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Marina de Moraes Vasconcelos Petribú, Isa Galvão Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Excessive adipose visceral tissue (AVT) represents an independent risk factor for cardiometabolic alterations. The search continues for a highly valid marker for estimating visceral adiposity that is a simple and low cost tool able to screen individuals who are highly at risk of being viscerally obese. The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model for estimating AVT volume using anthropometric parameters. OBJECTIVE: Excessive adipose visceral tissue (AVT) represents an independent risk factor for cardiometabolic alterations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728486/relationship-between-neck-circumference-insulin-resistance-and-arterial-stiffness-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#6
Francesco Fantin, Gabriele Comellato, Andrea P Rossi, Elisa Grison, Elena Zoico, Gloria Mazzali, Mauro Zamboni
Background Only a few studies have investigated the relationship between neck circumference and cardiometabolic risk. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between neck circumference, waist circumference, metabolic variables and arterial stiffness in a group of overweight and obese subjects evaluating a possible independent role of neck circumference in determining arterial stiffness. Methods and results We studied 95 subjects (53 women) with an age range of 20-77 years and body mass index range from 25...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727391/re-preliminary-assessment-of-neck-circumference-in-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Huseyin Besiroglu, Emin Ozbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712370/beyond-scoring-systems-usefulness-of-morphometry-considering-demographic-variables-to-evaluate-neck-and-overall-obesity-in-andalusian-horses
#8
T Martin-Gimenez, C N Aguirre-Pascasio, I de Blas
Morphometry has proven to be a useful tool, both for the clinician and horse owners, for evaluating the body condition in equids due to its objectivity, easiness and capacity for detection of important metabolic disturbances. However, limited information is available on the use of morphometric ratios to characterize regional and overall adiposity and much less about their application in different genders, ages and horses with different levels of obesity. The objectives were to evaluate body and neck absolute measurements and ratios; factors affecting them such as the influence of gender, age, appearance of the neck crest and overall body condition and; relationships among these measurements...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707161/a-weight-independent-association-between-atypical-antipsychotic-medications-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Habibolah Khazaie, Amir Sharafkhaneh, Sepideh Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of atypical antipsychotic (AAP) agents, the concern has been raised about the association between AAP agents and medical complications. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder that adversely affects health and quality of life. Because the major risk factors for OSA are weight gain and obesity by altering the upper airway anatomy, an association between AAP and development of OSA is predictable. However, we hypothesized that AAP may promote OSA not only by weight gain but also because of its potential effects on upper airway muscle function...
July 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684302/assessment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-treatment-success-or-failure-after-maxillomandibular-advancement
#10
M H T de Ruiter, R C Apperloo, D M J Milstein, J de Lange
Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an alternative therapeutic option that is highly effective for treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). MMA provides a solution for OSA patients that have difficulty accepting lifelong treatments with continuous positive airway pressure or mandibular advancement devices. The goal of this study was to investigate the different characteristics that determine OSA treatment success/failure after MMA. The apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) was used to determine the success or failure of OSA treatment after MMA...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670192/the-occurrence-of-subclinical-hypercortisolism-and-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-incidentally-discovered-unilateral-and-bilateral-adrenal-tumors
#11
Sanja Ognjanović, Djuro Macut, Milan Petakov, Valentina Elezović Kovačević, Tatjana Isailović, Ivana Bozić Antić, Dušan Ilić, Bojana Popović, Tamara Bogavac, Tatjana Pekmezović, Svetozar Damjanović
BACKGROUND: Adrenal incidentalomas (AI) are clinically silent adrenal masses that are detected incidentally during imaging procedures performed for unrelated diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sub-clinical hypercortisolism (SH) and associated co-morbidities in patients with unilateral AI (UAI) and bilateral AI (BAI). METHODS: We evaluated 152 patients, 105 (69.1%) with UAI and 47 (30.9%) with BAI. SH was diagnosed in the presence of serum cortisol levels after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test (DST) or after 2-day low-dose DST (LDDST) > 50 nmol/L with at least one of the following parameters: midnight serum cortisol > 208 nmol/L, 24-h urinary free cortisol > 245 nmol/24 h, or ACTH < 10 ng/L...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658881/cross-sectional-observational-study-performed-to-see-for-relation-of-mallampati-score-and-extended-mallampati-score-with-body-mass-index
#12
Sasha Maria Menon, Shailaja Sampangiramaiah, Megha Mathew
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing incidence of obesity worldwide. Since obese patients have an increased fatty tissue distributed in a truncal fashion, they may have an important and negative impact on the airway patency and respiratory function. Various scoring systems have been used to predict difficult airway, the most commonly used universal bedside tool is the Modified Mallampati Scoring (MMS). It was shown that the Extended Mallampati Score (EMS) predicted difficult laryngoscopy better than the MMS in the obese populations...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658827/neck-circumference-and-leg-length-as-surrogate-markers-of-coronary-artery-disease-simplifying-cardiac-risk-stratification
#13
Ram S Kaulgud, Adhishesh Kaul, B S Arun, P B Vijayalaxmi
INTRODUCTION: Coronary angiography is the gold standard for quantification of coronary atherosclerosis. But, being invasive, it has inherent complications. Hence, we examined the accuracy of prediction of coronary angiography using simple anthropometric indices. AIM: To identify a patient friendly method to predict coronary artery disease using simple anthropometric parameters, by testing their correlation with coronary artery disease severity scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on patients undergoing elective coronary angiography...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647854/the-influence-of-head-of-bed-elevation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Fábio José Fabrício de Barros Souza, Pedro Rodrigues Genta, Albino José de Souza Filho, Andrew Wellman, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a mild degree of head-of-bed elevation (HOBE) (7.5°) on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and sleep quality. METHODS: OSA patients were recruited from a single sleep clinic (Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Following a baseline polysomnography (PSG), all patients underwent a PSG with HOBE (within 2 weeks). In addition, a subset of patients performed a third PSG without HOBE. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included in the study (age 53...
June 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#15
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643675/-stop-bang-a-useful-and-easy-tool-for-the-screening-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Matías Baldini, María Nélida Chiapella, María Alejandra Fernández, Sergio Guardia
The STO-BANG questionnaire, S standing for snore, T tired, O observed apneas, P pressure (arterial hypertension), B BMI (body mass index > 35 kg/ m2), A age (> 50 years old), N neck circumference (> 40 cm), G gender (male); is a simple tool that enables the detection of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). If the patient adds 3 or more points, it is considered to have a high probability of having this disease. Our goal was to evaluate the capacity of the STOP-BANG questionnaire and to compare it with the ability of a sleep trained pulmonologist in determining the probability of OSA...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628341/observational-study-of-neural-respiratory-drive-during-sleep-at-high-altitude
#17
Joerg Steier, Nic Cade, Ben Walker, John Moxham, Caroline Jolley
Steier, Joerg, Nic Cade, Ben Walker, John Moxham, and Caroline Jolley. Observational study of neural respiratory drive during sleep at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2017. AIMS: Ventilation at altitude changes due to altered levels of pO2, pCO2 and the effect on blood pH. Nocturnal ventilation is particularly exposed to these changes. We hypothesized that an increasing neural respiratory drive (NRD) is associated with the severity of sleep-disordered breathing at altitude...
June 19, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620866/high-levels-of-igf-1-predict-difficult-intubation-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#18
Yu Zhang, Xiaopeng Guo, Lijian Pei, Zhuhua Zhang, Gang Tan, Bing Xing
PURPOSE: To investigate the characteristics of difficult intubation and identify novel efficient predictors in patients with acromegaly. METHODS: Patients with either untreated acromegaly or non-functional pituitary adenomas were enrolled. Patients with acromegaly underwent hormone assays, upper airway computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examinations and preoperative overnight polysomnography. The modified Mallampati classification, mouth opening, neck circumference, and neck extension were assessed, and the Cormack-Lehane grades and the time of tracheal intubation were recorded...
August 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584309/screening-commercial-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-validation-of-stop-bang-questionnaire
#19
Martin B Popević, Andjela Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Jovica Milovanović, Aleksandar P S Milovanović
OBJECTIVES: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580357/impact-of-compression-stockings-vs-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-overnight-fluid-shift-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-patients-on-hemodialysis
#20
Bruno C Silva, Roberto S S Santos, Luciano F Drager, Fernando M Coelho, Rosilene M Elias
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in edematous states, notably in hemodialysis patients. In this population, overnight fluid shift can play an important role on the pathogenesis of OSA. The effect of compression stockings (CS) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on fluid shift is barely known. We compared the effects of CS and CPAP on fluid dynamics in a sample of patients with OSA in hemodialysis, through a randomized crossover study. METHODS: Each participant performed polysomnography (PSG) at baseline, during CPAP titration, and after 1 week of wearing CS...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
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