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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728486/relationship-between-neck-circumference-insulin-resistance-and-arterial-stiffness-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects
#1
Francesco Fantin, Gabriele Comellato, Andrea P Rossi, Elisa Grison, Elena Zoico, Gloria Mazzali, Mauro Zamboni
Background Only a few studies have investigated the relationship between neck circumference and cardiometabolic risk. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between neck circumference, waist circumference, metabolic variables and arterial stiffness in a group of overweight and obese subjects evaluating a possible independent role of neck circumference in determining arterial stiffness. Methods and results We studied 95 subjects (53 women) with an age range of 20-77 years and body mass index range from 25...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727391/re-preliminary-assessment-of-neck-circumference-in-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Huseyin Besiroglu, Emin Ozbek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712370/beyond-scoring-systems-usefulness-of-morphometry-considering-demographic-variables-to-evaluate-neck-and-overall-obesity-in-andalusian-horses
#3
T Martin-Gimenez, C N Aguirre-Pascasio, I de Blas
Morphometry has proven to be a useful tool, both for the clinician and horse owners, for evaluating the body condition in equids due to its objectivity, easiness and capacity for detection of important metabolic disturbances. However, limited information is available on the use of morphometric ratios to characterize regional and overall adiposity and much less about their application in different genders, ages and horses with different levels of obesity. The objectives were to evaluate body and neck absolute measurements and ratios; factors affecting them such as the influence of gender, age, appearance of the neck crest and overall body condition and; relationships among these measurements...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707161/a-weight-independent-association-between-atypical-antipsychotic-medications-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Habibolah Khazaie, Amir Sharafkhaneh, Sepideh Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of atypical antipsychotic (AAP) agents, the concern has been raised about the association between AAP agents and medical complications. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder that adversely affects health and quality of life. Because the major risk factors for OSA are weight gain and obesity by altering the upper airway anatomy, an association between AAP and development of OSA is predictable. However, we hypothesized that AAP may promote OSA not only by weight gain but also because of its potential effects on upper airway muscle function...
July 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684302/assessment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-treatment-success-or-failure-after-maxillomandibular-advancement
#5
M H T de Ruiter, R C Apperloo, D M J Milstein, J de Lange
Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) is an alternative therapeutic option that is highly effective for treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). MMA provides a solution for OSA patients that have difficulty accepting lifelong treatments with continuous positive airway pressure or mandibular advancement devices. The goal of this study was to investigate the different characteristics that determine OSA treatment success/failure after MMA. The apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) was used to determine the success or failure of OSA treatment after MMA...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670192/the-occurrence-of-subclinical-hypercortisolism-and-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-incidentally-discovered-unilateral-and-bilateral-adrenal-tumors
#6
Sanja Ognjanović, Djuro Macut, Milan Petakov, Valentina Elezović Kovačević, Tatjana Isailović, Ivana Bozić Antić, Dušan Ilić, Bojana Popović, Tamara Bogavac, Tatjana Pekmezović, Svetozar Damjanović
BACKGROUND: Adrenal incidentalomas (AI) are clinically silent adrenal masses that are detected incidentally during imaging procedures performed for unrelated diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sub-clinical hypercortisolism (SH) and associated co-morbidities in patients with unilateral AI (UAI) and bilateral AI (BAI). METHODS: We evaluated 152 patients, 105 (69.1%) with UAI and 47 (30.9%) with BAI. SH was diagnosed in the presence of serum cortisol levels after 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test (DST) or after 2-day low-dose DST (LDDST) > 50 nmol/L with at least one of the following parameters: midnight serum cortisol > 208 nmol/L, 24-h urinary free cortisol > 245 nmol/24 h, or ACTH < 10 ng/L...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658881/cross-sectional-observational-study-performed-to-see-for-relation-of-mallampati-score-and-extended-mallampati-score-with-body-mass-index
#7
Sasha Maria Menon, Shailaja Sampangiramaiah, Megha Mathew
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing incidence of obesity worldwide. Since obese patients have an increased fatty tissue distributed in a truncal fashion, they may have an important and negative impact on the airway patency and respiratory function. Various scoring systems have been used to predict difficult airway, the most commonly used universal bedside tool is the Modified Mallampati Scoring (MMS). It was shown that the Extended Mallampati Score (EMS) predicted difficult laryngoscopy better than the MMS in the obese populations...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658827/neck-circumference-and-leg-length-as-surrogate-markers-of-coronary-artery-disease-simplifying-cardiac-risk-stratification
#8
Ram S Kaulgud, Adhishesh Kaul, B S Arun, P B Vijayalaxmi
INTRODUCTION: Coronary angiography is the gold standard for quantification of coronary atherosclerosis. But, being invasive, it has inherent complications. Hence, we examined the accuracy of prediction of coronary angiography using simple anthropometric indices. AIM: To identify a patient friendly method to predict coronary artery disease using simple anthropometric parameters, by testing their correlation with coronary artery disease severity scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on patients undergoing elective coronary angiography...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647854/the-influence-of-head-of-bed-elevation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Fábio José Fabrício de Barros Souza, Pedro Rodrigues Genta, Albino José de Souza Filho, Andrew Wellman, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a mild degree of head-of-bed elevation (HOBE) (7.5°) on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and sleep quality. METHODS: OSA patients were recruited from a single sleep clinic (Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Following a baseline polysomnography (PSG), all patients underwent a PSG with HOBE (within 2 weeks). In addition, a subset of patients performed a third PSG without HOBE. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included in the study (age 53...
June 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#10
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643675/-stop-bang-a-useful-and-easy-tool-for-the-screening-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
Matías Baldini, María Nélida Chiapella, María Alejandra Fernández, Sergio Guardia
The STO-BANG questionnaire, S standing for snore, T tired, O observed apneas, P pressure (arterial hypertension), B BMI (body mass index > 35 kg/ m2), A age (> 50 years old), N neck circumference (> 40 cm), G gender (male); is a simple tool that enables the detection of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). If the patient adds 3 or more points, it is considered to have a high probability of having this disease. Our goal was to evaluate the capacity of the STOP-BANG questionnaire and to compare it with the ability of a sleep trained pulmonologist in determining the probability of OSA...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628341/observational-study-of-neural-respiratory-drive-during-sleep-at-high-altitude
#12
Joerg Steier, Nic Cade, Ben Walker, John Moxham, Caroline Jolley
Steier, Joerg, Nic Cade, Ben Walker, John Moxham, and Caroline Jolley. Observational study of neural respiratory drive during sleep at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2017. AIMS: Ventilation at altitude changes due to altered levels of pO2, pCO2 and the effect on blood pH. Nocturnal ventilation is particularly exposed to these changes. We hypothesized that an increasing neural respiratory drive (NRD) is associated with the severity of sleep-disordered breathing at altitude...
June 19, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620866/high-levels-of-igf-1-predict-difficult-intubation-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#13
Yu Zhang, Xiaopeng Guo, Lijian Pei, Zhuhua Zhang, Gang Tan, Bing Xing
PURPOSE: To investigate the characteristics of difficult intubation and identify novel efficient predictors in patients with acromegaly. METHODS: Patients with either untreated acromegaly or non-functional pituitary adenomas were enrolled. Patients with acromegaly underwent hormone assays, upper airway computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging examinations and preoperative overnight polysomnography. The modified Mallampati classification, mouth opening, neck circumference, and neck extension were assessed, and the Cormack-Lehane grades and the time of tracheal intubation were recorded...
June 15, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584309/screening-commercial-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-validation-of-stop-bang-questionnaire
#14
Martin B Popević, Andjela Milovanović, Ljudmila Nagorni-Obradović, Dejan Nešić, Jovica Milovanović, Aleksandar P S Milovanović
OBJECTIVES: The main aim has been to examine psychometric properties of STOP-Bang (snoring, tiredness, observed apnea, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), age, neck circumference, male gender) scoring model (Serbian translation), an obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening tool, in a sample of commercial drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After formal translation, validation was performed on a sample of bus and truck drivers evaluating test-retest reliability, construct and criterion validity...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580357/impact-of-compression-stockings-vs-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-overnight-fluid-shift-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-patients-on-hemodialysis
#15
Bruno C Silva, Roberto S S Santos, Luciano F Drager, Fernando M Coelho, Rosilene M Elias
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in edematous states, notably in hemodialysis patients. In this population, overnight fluid shift can play an important role on the pathogenesis of OSA. The effect of compression stockings (CS) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on fluid shift is barely known. We compared the effects of CS and CPAP on fluid dynamics in a sample of patients with OSA in hemodialysis, through a randomized crossover study. METHODS: Each participant performed polysomnography (PSG) at baseline, during CPAP titration, and after 1 week of wearing CS...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572586/neck-circumference-associated-with-arterial-blood-pressures-and-hypertension-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study-in-northern-han-chinese
#16
Shujun Fan, Boyi Yang, Xueyuan Zhi, Jing He, Ping Ma, Luyang Yu, Quanmei Zheng, Guifan Sun
Although several studies have investigated the associations of neck circumference (NC) with arterial blood pressures (BPs) and hypertension, no such studies have been conducted among Northern Chinese population. Between April and June 2015, a total of 2631 subjects aged ≥35 years old were recruited from Northeastern China. NC and arterial BPs were measured by trained personnel. Generalized linear and logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the associations of NC with arterial BPs and hypertension risk...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549834/obstructive-sleep-apnea-the-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-after-12%C3%A2-months-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#17
P Peromaa-Haavisto, H Tuomilehto, J Kössi, J Virtanen, M Luostarinen, J Pihlajamäki, P Käkelä, M Victorzon
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder, particularly in bariatric patients. It is known to be tightly linked with metabolic abnormalities and cardiovascular morbidity. Obesity is the most noteworthy individual risk factor for OSA. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) on OSA one year after surgery. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter study standard overnight cardiorespiratory recording was conducted 12 months after bariatric surgery in 132 patients who had OSA in the baseline recording prior to the operation...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546036/relationship-between-various-anthropometric-measures-and-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-korean-men
#18
Jeong-Hong Kim, Yong Cheol Koo, Hyung Ju Cho, Ju Wan Kang
OBJECTIVE: Body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be strongly correlated with severity of OSA. However, BMI has not been shown to be correlated with sleep apnea in all patients studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between various anthropometric measures and severity of OSA according to BMI in men. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients who visited for evaluation of OSA. Polysomnography results, height, weight, neck circumference, waist circumference, and hip circumference were obtained in all subjects...
May 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540084/body-composition-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-on-lipodystrophy-different-subtypes-associated-with-hiv
#19
Livia Bertazzo Sacilotto, Paulo Câmara Marques Pereira, João Paulo Vieira Manechini, Sílvia Justina Papini
HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS) is characterized by body fat redistribution as a consequence of the antiretroviral therapy (ART) introduction, associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease development. Subjective diagnosis, classified between three subtypes according to the body region on which fat is lost and/or accumulated, named lipoatrophy, lipohypertrophy, and mixed lipodystrophy, is possibly accompanied with metabolic alterations. Forty people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), with clinical diagnosis of HALS and from both genders, were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531321/cortical-bone-size-deficit-in-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Charlotte Verroken, Wout Pieters, Loïc Beddeleem, Stefan Goemaere, Hans-Georg Zmierczak, Samyah Shadid, Jean-Marc Kaufman, Bruno Lapauw
CONTEXT: The increased fracture risk associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) remains unexplained by traditional risk factors such as low areal bone mineral density (aBMD). Nonetheless, few data exist on other determinants of bone strength in T1DM, including volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone geometry. OBJECTIVE: We compared areal and volumetric bone parameters and cortical bone geometry in adult T1DM patients and gender- and age-matched controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study including 64 adult T1DM patients (38 men, 41...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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