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Neck Circumference

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683104/association-of-epicardial-fat-thickness-with-clinical-and-polysomnographic-parameters-in-non-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients
#1
S Derin, I Altun, S Koseoglu, C Sahin, M Yilmaz, F Akin, M Sahan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship of epicardial fat thickness with severity of obstructive sleep apnoea, and clinical and polysomnographic parameters, and to determine independent predictors for epicardial fat thickness. METHODS: A total of 84 patients with a body mass index of less than 30 kg/m2 and suspected sleep-disordered breathing were included in the study. The correlations of epicardial fat thickness with polysomnographic and clinical data, and severity of obstructive sleep apnoea, were investigated...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682848/the-stop-bang-questionnaire-shows-an-insufficient-specificity-for-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Asmaa M Abumuamar, Paul Dorian, David Newman, Colin M Shapiro
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder associated with significant cardiovascular comorbidities, including cardiac arrhythmia. The STOP-BANG questionnaire is an eight-item self-report questionnaire designed to screen patients for OSA and was validated in preoperative surgical patients. The STOP items are snoring, daytime tiredness, observed apneas and high blood pressure. The BANG items are body mass index >35 kg/m2 , age >50 years, neck circumference >40 cm and male gender. We aimed to determine the screening properties of the STOP-BANG questionnaire in patients with arrhythmia...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678132/neck-circumference-may-be-a-valuable-tool-for-screening-individuals-with-obesity-findings-from-a-young-chinese-population-and-a-meta-analysis
#3
Xiaoting Pei, Li Liu, Mustapha Umar Imam, Ming Lu, Yanzi Chen, Panpan Sun, Yaxin Guo, Yiping Xu, Zhiguang Ping, Xiaoli Fu
BACKGROUND: Central obesity and overweight/obesity can result in various chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. Waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) are widely used to measure obesity despite their limitations. For example, WC and BMI cannot be measured in pregnant women and subjects with abdominal ascites or masses. Therefore, this study aims to determine the efficacy of neck circumference (NC) as a tool for screening central obesity and overweight/obesity...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669139/diuretic-or-sodium-restricted-diet-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-trial
#4
Cintia Zappe Fiori, Denis Martinez, Carolina Caruccio Montanari, Pedro Lopez, Rodrigo Camargo, Lauren Sezerá, Sandro Cadaval Gonçalves, Flavio Danni Fuchs
Study Objectives: Interventions that decrease leg fluid retention reduce obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in nonrandomized experiments. We aimed to investigate in a randomized trial the effect of interventions that reduce fluid volume on OSA severity. Methods: Men diagnosed with severe OSA were randomized to receive daily spironolactone 100 mg + furosemide 20 mg or nutritional counseling to sodium-restricted diet plus placebo pill or placebo pill. All participants underwent home sleep apnea testing at baseline and after 1 week follow-up...
April 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665813/neck-circumference-as-an-independent-indicator-of-visceral-obesity-in-a-chinese-population
#5
Li Zhao, Guolan Huang, Fangzhen Xia, Qin Li, Bing Han, Yi Chen, Chi Chen, Dongping Lin, Ningjian Wang, Yingli Lu
BACKGROUND: Neck circumference (NC) was reported to be associated with visceral obesity in some specific subjects. However, no studies have reported whether NC could identify visceral obesity in the general population. Here, we mainly aimed to explore whether NC is suitable to identify visceral obesity in the general population. METHODS: Our data were from a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of metabolic diseases and risk factors in East China from 2014 to 2015...
April 17, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658112/the-influential-factors-on-the-morphological-changes-of-upper-airway-associated-with-mouth-opening
#6
Bin Hu, Jingying Ye, Guoping Yin, Yuhuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the influential factors on the morphological changes of upper airway caused by mouth opening (MO). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients were enrolled. Anthropometric and demographic data, Friedman tongue position (FTP), and tonsil scores were recorded. Overnight polysomnography and upper airway computed tomography scans under two conditions (mouth closed [MC] and MO) were acquired...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651034/a-new-failure-mechanism-of-electromigration-by-surface-diffusion-of-sn-on-ni-and-cu-metallization-in-microbumps
#7
Yuan-Wei Chang, Chia-Chia Hu, Hsin-Ying Peng, Yu-Chun Liang, Chih Chen, Tao-Chih Chang, Chau-Jie Zhan, Jing-Ye Juang
Microbumps in three-dimensional integrated circuit now becomes essential technology to reach higher packaging density. However, the small volume of microbumps dramatically changes the characteristics from the flip-chip (FC) solder joints. For a 20 µm diameter microbump, the cross-section area and the volume are only 1/25 and 1/125 of a 100 µm diameter FC joint. The small area significantly enlarges the current density although the current crowding effect was reduced at the same time. The small volume of solder can be fully transformed into the intermetallic compounds (IMCs) very easily, and the IMCs are usually stronger under electromigration (EM)...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643625/formulation-of-a-multivariate-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation-a-double-blinded-prospective-study
#8
Anoop Kanwal Chhina, Richa Jain, Parshotam Lal Gautam, Jony Garg, Nidhi Singh, Anju Grewal
Background and Aims: Various models were devised for prediction of difficult intubation but have low positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to predict difficult intubation from various airway predictive indices, in isolation and combination, and to formulate a multivariate model that can aid in accurate prediction of difficult intubation. Material and Methods: A prospective double blinded study was conducted on 500 adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620546/comparison-of-cochlear-duct-length-between-the-saudi-and-non-saudi-populations
#9
Alaa Alanazi, Farid Alzhrani
BACKGROUND: There are no data on cochlear duct lengths (CDL) among Middle East populations. OBJECTIVES: The main aims of this study were to estimate the average CDL in the Saudi population and to compare it with the reported CDL in other regions/ethnic groups outside the Middle East. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary otolaryngology head and neck surgery center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Temporal bone CT scans were reviewed to determine CDL...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619152/comparison-of-berlin-questionnaire-stop-bang-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-for-diagnosing-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-persian-patients
#10
Babak Amra, Maedeh Javani, Forogh Soltaninejad, Thomas Penzel, Ingo Fietze, Christoph Schoebel, Ziba Farajzadegan
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder characterized by snoring, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, and repeated termination of airflow (apnea). Standard polysomnography (PSG) is diagnostic gold standard for OSA. PSG is expensive and not available everywhere. To identify the best OSA questionnaire for screening in Persian population, we compared Berlin, STOP-BANG, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted on 400 adult patients suspected of OSA in Bamdad Respiratory Research Center, patients completed three questionnaires...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588579/resistance-training-induced-gains-in-muscle-strength-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-are-attenuated-in-elderly-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#11
Alessandro de Oliveira Silva, Maurílio Tiradentes Dutra, Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Silvana Schwerz Funghetto, Darlan Lopes de Farias, Paulo Henrique Fernandes Dos Santos, Denis Cesar Leite Vieira, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, Vânia Silva Macedo Orsano, Brad J Schoenfeld, Jonato Prestes
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training (RT) on body composition, muscle strength, and functional capacity in elderly women with and without sarcopenic obesity (SO). Methods: A total of 49 women (aged ≥60 years) were divided in two groups: without SO (non-SO, n=41) and with SO (n=8). Both groups performed a periodized RT program consisting of two weekly sessions for 16 weeks. All measures were assessed at baseline and postintervention, including anthropometry and body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), muscle strength (one repetition maximum) for chest press and 45° leg press, and functional capacity (stand up, elbow flexion, timed "up and go")...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566945/intra-surgical-total-and-re-constructible-pathological-prostate-examination-for-safer-margins-and-nerve-preservation-istanbul-preserve
#12
Can Öbek, Yesim Saglican, Umit Ince, Omer Burak Argun, Mustafa Bilal Tuna, Tunkut Doganca, Ilter Tufek, Selcuk Keskin, Ali Riza Kural
PURPOSE: To demonstrate a novel frozen section analysis technique during robot assisted radical prostatectomy with 2 distinct advantages: evaluation of the entire circumference and easier reconstruction for whole mount evaluation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Istanbul Preserve was performed on patients who underwent robotic prostatectomy with nerve sparing between 10/2014 and 7/2016. Gland was sectioned at 3-4mm intervals from apex to bladder neck. Entire tissue representing margins (except for the most anterior portion) was circumferentially excised and microscopically analyzed...
April 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561943/neck-circumference-in-adolescents-and-cardiometabolic-risk-a-sistematic-review
#13
Aisha Aguiar Morais, Urjel Aguiar Bouissou Morais, Maria Marta Sarquis Soares, Márcia Christina Caetano Romano, Joel Alves Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To critically analyze articles on the relation between neck circumference (NC) in adolescents and: body mass index, fat distribution, metabolic syndrome and its individual components, and cardiovascular risk. METHOD: Systematic review undertaken by two independent researchers using the Pubmed/Medline, Lilacs/Medline, Scielo and Cochrane databases in English, Spanish and Portuguese in the period comprising the past 5 years. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) articles were selected...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560074/comparison-of-static-versus-dynamic-ultrasound-for-the-detection-of-endotracheal-intubation
#14
Michael Gottlieb, Damali Nakitende, Tina Sundaram, Anthony Serici, Shital Shah, John Bailitz
Introduction: In the emergency department setting, it is essential to rapidly and accurately confirm correct endotracheal tube (ETT) placement. Ultrasound is an increasingly studied modality for identifying ETT location. However, there has been significant variation in techniques between studies, with some using the dynamic technique, while others use a static approach. This study compared the static and dynamic techniques to determine which was more accurate for ETT identification. Methods: We performed this study in a cadaver lab using three different cadavers to represent variations in neck circumference...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555000/effect-of-prepregnancy-obesity-on-litter-size-in-primiparous-minipigs
#15
Hong-Quan Luo, Wei-Wang Gu, Li-Wen Huang, Li-Hong Wu, Yu-Guang Tian, Chun-Hua Zheng, Min Yue
Obesity is a public health problem in both developed and developing countries, and the negative effects of obesity on reproductive physiology have been highlighted recently. We evaluated the effects of porcine obesity index, sex hormones, and peptide hormones on litter size in various breeds of minipigs. Blood samples were collected from sedated 8-,10-, and 12-mo-old minipigs to measure preovulatory levels of sex hormones (follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, and prolactin) and peptide hormones (insulin-like growth factor, glucagon, cortisol, growth hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, insulin, and leptin)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553036/a-novel-body-circumferences-based-estimation-of-percentage-body-fat
#16
Yair Lahav, Yoram Epstein, Ron Kedem, Haggai Schermann
Anthropometric measures of body composition are often used for rapid and cost-effective estimation of percentage body fat (%BF) in field research, serial measurements and screening. Our aim was to develop a validated estimate of %BF for the general population, based on simple body circumferences measures. The study cohort consisted of two consecutive samples of health club members, designated as 'development' (n 476, 61 % men, 39 % women) and 'validation' (n 224, 50 % men, 50 % women) groups. All subjects underwent anthropometric measurements as part of their registration to a health club...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541547/association-of-neck-circumference-and-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-elderly
#17
Jin-Mei Chen, Qing-Wei Li, Guo-Xin Jiang, Shu-Jun Zeng, Jun Shen, Ji Sun, Dan-Hong Wu, Qi Cheng
Objectives: To investigate the association between neck circumference (NC) and cognitive impairment and interactions between relevant variables to the risk of cognitive impairment. Methods: A population-based survey was conducted among elderly inhabitants aged 60 years and over from a community in Shanghai suburb. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate associations and log likelihood ratio tests to examine interactions. Results: Cognitive impairment was identified in 269 (10...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533258/patients-at-high-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-are-at-increased-risk-for-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery-a-cohort-analysis
#18
Nika Karimi, Marta Kelava, Perin Kothari, Nicole M Zimmerman, A Marc Gillinov, Andra E Duncan
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) experience intermittent hypoxia, hypercarbia, and sympathetic activation during sleep, which increases risk for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and other cardiac arrhythmias. Whether patients with OSA experience increased episodes of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery is unclear. We examined whether patients at increased risk for OSA, assessed by the STOP-BANG (snoring, tired during the day, observed stop breathing during sleep, high blood pressure, body mass index more than 35 kg/m, age more than 50 years, neck circumference more than 40 cm, and male gender) questionnaire, had a higher incidence of new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery...
March 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523262/predictors-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy
#19
Judette M Louis, Matthew A Koch, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Corette B Parker, Francesca L Facco, Susan Redline, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Grace W Pien, Robert C Basner, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Daniel Mobley, Benjamin Carper, George R Saade, Frank P Schubert, Phyllis C Zee
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in pregnancy, but there are limited data on predictors. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop predictive models of sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Nulliparous women completed validated questionnaires to assess for symptoms related to snoring, fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and restless leg syndrome. The questionnaires included questions regarding the timing of sleep and sleep duration, work schedules (eg, shift work, night work), sleep positions, and previously diagnosed sleep disorders...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522275/patterns-of-recurrence-in-oral-tongue-cancer-with-perineural-invasion
#20
Jennifer R Cracchiolo, Bin Xu, Jocelyn C Migliacci, Nora Katabi, David G Pfister, Nancy Y Lee, Snehal G Patel, Ronald A Ghossein, Richard J Wong
BACKGROUND: Although perineural invasion (PNI) is recognized as an adverse prognostic factor in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the patterns of failure are poorly defined. METHODS: Patients with oral tongue SCC who received primary surgical treatment were identified. Specimens were reviewed by head and neck pathologists. Disease-specific survival (DSS) and locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRFS), regional recurrence-free survival (RRFS), and distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) were calculated...
March 9, 2018: Head & Neck
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