keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Climate change plant distribution

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916802/positive-and-negative-impacts-of-non-native-bee-species-around-the-world
#1
REVIEW
Laura Russo
Though they are relatively understudied, non-native bees are ubiquitous and have enormous potential economic and environmental impacts. These impacts may be positive or negative, and are often unquantified. In this manuscript, I review literature on the known distribution and environmental and economic impacts of 80 species of introduced bees. The potential negative impacts of non-native bees include competition with native bees for nesting sites or floral resources, pollination of invasive weeds, co-invasion with pathogens and parasites, genetic introgression, damage to buildings, affecting the pollination of native plant species, and changing the structure of native pollination networks...
November 28, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907253/decadal-shifts-in-grass-and-woody-plant-cover-are-driven-by-prolonged-drying-and-modified-by-topo-edaphic-properties
#2
Seth M Munson, Temuulen T Sankey, George Xian, Miguel L Villarreal, Collin G Homer
Woody plant encroachment and overall declines in perennial vegetation in dryland regions can alter ecosystem properties and indicate land degradation, but the causes of these shifts remain controversial. Determining how changes in the abundance and distribution of grass and woody plants are influenced by conditions that regulate water availability at a regional scale provides a baseline to compare how management actions alter the composition of these vegetation types at a more local scale and can be used to predict future shifts under climate change...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895651/invertebrate-biosecurity-challenges-in-high-productivity-grassland-the-new-zealand-example
#3
REVIEW
Stephen L Goldson, Barbara I P Barratt, Karen F Armstrong
To protect productive grasslands from pests and diseases, effective pre- and at-border planning and interventions are necessary. Biosecurity failure inevitably requires expensive and difficult eradication, or long-term and often quite ineffective management strategies. This is compared to the early intervention more likely for sectors where there is public and political interest in plants of immediate economic and/or social value, and where associated pests are typically located above-ground on host plantings of relatively limited distribution...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885171/sapfluxnet-towards-a-global-database-of-sap-flow-measurements
#4
EDITORIAL
Rafael Poyatos, Víctor Granda, Roberto Molowny-Horas, Maurizio Mencuccini, Kathy Steppe, Jordi Martínez-Vilalta
Plant transpiration is the main evaporative flux from terrestrial ecosystems; it controls land surface energy balance, determines catchment hydrological responses and influences regional and global climate. Transpiration regulation by plants is a key (and still not completely understood) process that underlies vegetation drought responses and land evaporative fluxes under global change scenarios. Thermometric methods of sap flow measurement have now been widely used to quantify whole-plant and stand transpiration in forests, shrublands and orchards around the world...
November 23, 2016: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880846/potential-impacts-of-climate-change-on-native-plant-distributions-in-the-falkland-islands
#5
Rebecca Upson, Jennifer J Williams, Tim P Wilkinson, Colin P Clubbe, Ilya M D Maclean, Jim H McAdam, Justin F Moat
The Falkland Islands are predicted to experience up to 2.2°C rise in mean annual temperature over the coming century, greater than four times the rate over the last century. Our study investigates likely vulnerabilities of a suite of range-restricted species whose distributions are associated with archipelago-wide climatic variation. We used present day climate maps calibrated using local weather data, 2020-2080 climate predictions from regional climate models, non-climate variables derived from a digital terrain model and a comprehensive database on local plant distributions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874999/environmental-controls-on-canopy-foliar-nitrogen-distributions-in-a-neotropical-lowland-forest
#6
Christopher S Balzotti, Gregory P Asner, Philip G Taylor, Cory C Cleveland, Rebecca Cole, Roberta E Martin, Megan Nasto, Brooke B Osborne, Stephen Porder, Alan R Townsend
Distributions of foliar nutrients across forest canopies can give insight into their plant functional diversity and improve our understanding of biogeochemical cycling. We used airborne remote sensing and partial least squares regression to quantify canopy foliar nitrogen (foliar N) across ~164 km(2) of wet lowland tropical forest in the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. We determined the relative influence of climate and topography on the observed patterns of foliar N using a gradient boosting model technique. At a local scale, where climate and substrate were constant, we explored the influence of slope position on foliar N by quantifying foliar N on remnant terraces, their adjacent slopes, and knife-edged ridges...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870043/increased-seedling-establishment-via-enemy-release-at-the-upper-elevational-range-limit-of-sugar-maple
#7
Morgane Urli, Carissa D Brown, Rosela Narváez Perez, Pierre-Luc Chagnon, Mark Vellend
The enemy release hypothesis is frequently invoked to explain invasion by nonnative species, but studies focusing on the influence of enemies on natural plant range expansion due to climate change remain scarce. We combined multiple approaches to study the influence of plant-enemy interactions on the upper elevational range limit of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) in southeastern Québec, Canada, where a previous study had demonstrated intense seed predation just beyond the range limit. Consistent with the hypothesis of release from natural enemies at the range limit, data from both natural patterns of regeneration and from seed and seedling transplant experiments showed higher seedling densities at the range edge than in the core of the species' distribution...
November 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870028/chronic-warming-stimulates-growth-of-marsh-grasses-more-than-mangroves-in-a-coastal-wetland-ecotone
#8
G A Coldren, C R Barreto, D D Wykoff, E M Morrissey, J A Langley, I C Feller, S K Chapman
Increasing temperatures and a reduction in the frequency and severity of freezing events have been linked to species distribution shifts. Across the globe, mangrove ranges are expanding toward higher latitudes, likely due to diminishing frequency of freezing events associated with climate change. Continued warming will alter coastal wetland plant dynamics both above- and belowground, potentially altering plant capacity to keep up with sea level rise. We conducted an in situ warming experiment, in northeast Florida, to determine how increased temperature (+2°C) influences co-occurring mangrove and salt marsh plants...
November 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862839/frontiers-for-research-on-the-ecology-of-plant-pathogenic-bacteria-fundamentals-for-sustainability
#9
REVIEW
Cindy E Morris, Marie-Anne Barny, Odile Berge, Linda L Kinkel, Christelle Lacroix
Methods to assure the health of crops owe their efficacy to the extent to which we understand the ecology and biology of environmental microorganisms and the conditions under which their interactions with plants lead to losses in crop quality or yield. But in the pursuit of this knowledge, notions of the ecology of plant pathogenic microorganisms have been reduced to a plant-centric and agro-centric focus. With increasing global change, i.e. changes that encompass not only the climate but also biodiversity, geographic distribution of biomes, human demographic and socio-economic adaptations and land use, new plant health problems will emerge via a range of processes influenced by these changes...
November 9, 2016: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859937/integrating-mechanistic-and-empirical-model-projections-to-assess-climate-impacts-on-tree-species-distributions-in-northwestern-north-america
#10
Michael J Case, Joshua J Lawler
Empirical and mechanistic models have both been used to assess the potential impacts of climate change on species distributions and each modeling approach has its strengths and weaknesses. Here, we demonstrate an approach to projecting climate-driven changes in species distributions that draws on both empirical and mechanistic models. We combined projections from a dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) that simulates the distributions of biomes based on basic plant functional types with projections from empirical climatic niche models for six tree species in northwestern North America...
November 17, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859086/foliar-damage-beyond-species-distributions-is-partly-explained-by-distance-dependent-interactions-with-natural-enemies
#11
Daniel S W Katz, Inés Ibáñez
Plant distributions are expected to shift in response to climate change, and range expansion dynamics will be shaped by the performance of individuals at the colonizing front. These plants will encounter new biotic communities beyond their range edges, and the net outcome of these encounters could profoundly affect colonization success. However, little is known about how biotic interactions vary across range edges and this has hindered efforts to predict changes in species distributions in response to climate change...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856037/itaipu-royalties-the-role-of-the-hydroelectric-sector-in-water-resource-management
#12
Alexandre Simões Lorenzon, Carlos Antonio Alvares Soares Ribeiro, Alexandre Rosa Dos Santos, Gustavo Eduardo Marcatti, Getulio Fonseca Domingues, Vicente Paulo Soares, Nero Lemos Martins de Castro, Thaisa Ribeiro Teixeira, Sady Júnior Martins da Costa de Menezes, Elias Silva, Kelly de Oliveira Barros, Gleissy Mary Amaral Dino Alves Dos Santos, Samuel Ferreira da Silva, Pedro Henrique Santos Mota
For countries dependent on hydroelectricity, water scarcity poses a real risk. Hydroelectric plants are among the most vulnerable enterprises to climate change. Investing in the conservation of the hydrographic basin is a solution found by the hydropower sector. Given the importance of the Itaipu plant to the energy matrix of Brazil and Paraguay, the aim of this study is to review the current distribution of royalties from Itaipu, using the hydrographic basin as a of criterion of analysis. Approximately 98...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851768/when-winners-become-losers-predicted-nonlinear-responses-of-arctic-birds-to-increasing-woody-vegetation
#13
Sarah J Thompson, Colleen M Handel, Rachel M Richardson, Lance B McNew
Climate change is facilitating rapid changes in the composition and distribution of vegetation at northern latitudes, raising questions about the responses of wildlife that rely on arctic ecosystems. One widely observed change occurring in arctic tundra ecosystems is an increasing dominance of deciduous shrub vegetation. Our goals were to examine the tolerance of arctic-nesting bird species to existing gradients of vegetation along the boreal forest-tundra ecotone, to predict the abundance of species across different heights and densities of shrubs, and to identify species that will be most or least responsive to ongoing expansion of shrubs in tundra ecosystems...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813663/impacts-of-insect-herbivores-on-plant-populations
#14
Judith H Myers, Rana M Sarfraz
Apparent feeding damage by insects on plants is often slight. Thus, the influences of insect herbivores on plant populations are likely minor. The role of insects on host-plant populations can be elucidated via several methods: stage-structured life tables of plant populations manipulated by herbivore exclusion and seed-addition experiments, tests of the enemy release hypothesis, studies of the effects of accidentally and intentionally introduced insect herbivores, and observations of the impacts of insect species that show outbreak population dynamics...
November 2, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788257/oviposition-substrate-of-the-mountain-fly-drosophila-nigrosparsa-diptera-drosophilidae
#15
Martin-Carl Kinzner, Magdalena Tratter, Gerhard Bächli, Martin Kirchmair, Rüdiger Kaufmann, Wolfgang Arthofer, Birgit C Schlick-Steiner, Florian M Steiner
The survival of insect larvae often depends on the mother's choice of oviposition substrate, and thus, this choice is an essential part of an insect species' ecology. Especially species with narrow substrate preferences may suffer from changes in substrate availability triggered by, for example, climate change. Recent climate warming is affecting species directly (e.g., physiology) but also indirectly (e.g., biological interactions) leading to mismatching phenologies and distributions. However, the preferred oviposition substrate is still unknown for many drosophilid species, especially for those at higher elevations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782353/predicting-vegetation-type-through-physiological-and-environmental-interactions-with-leaf-traits-evergreen-and-deciduous-forests-in-an-earth-system-modeling-framework
#16
Ensheng Weng, Caroline E Farrior, Ray Dybzinski, Stephen W Pacala
Earth system models are incorporating plant trait diversity into their land components to better predict vegetation dynamics in a changing climate. However, extant plant trait distributions will not allow extrapolations to novel community assemblages in future climates; that will require a mechanistic understanding of the trade-offs that determine trait diversity. In this study, we show how physiological trade-offs involving leaf mass per unit area (LMA), leaf lifespan, leaf nitrogen, and leaf respiration may explain the distribution patterns of evergreen and deciduous trees in the temperate and boreal zones based on (1) an evolutionary analysis of a simple mathematical model and (2) simulation experiments of an individual-based dynamic vegetation model (i...
October 26, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781160/predictions-of-potential-geographical-distribution-and-quality-of-schisandra-sphenanthera-under-climate-change
#17
Yanlong Guo, Haiyan Wei, Chunyan Lu, Bei Gao, Wei Gu
Climate change will significantly affect plant distribution as well as the quality of medicinal plants. Although numerous studies have analyzed the effect of climate change on future habitats of plants through species distribution models (SDMs), few of them have incorporated the change of effective content of medicinal plants. Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. et Wils. is an endangered traditional Chinese medical plant which is mainly located in the Qinling Mountains. Combining fuzzy theory and a maximum entropy model, we obtained current spatial distribution of quality assessment for S...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762424/monitoring-of-airborne-biological-particles-in-outdoor-atmosphere-part-1-importance-variability-and-ratios
#18
Andrés Núñez, Guillermo Amo de Paz, Alberto Rastrojo, Ana M García, Antonio Alcamí, A Montserrat Gutiérrez-Bustillo, Diego A Moreno
The first part of this review ("Monitoring of airborne biological particles in outdoor atmosphere. Part 1: Importance, variability and ratios") describes the current knowledge on the major biological particles present in the air regarding their global distribution, concentrations, ratios and influence of meteorological factors in an attempt to provide a framework for monitoring their biodiversity and variability in such a singular environment as the atmosphere. Viruses, bacteria, fungi, pollen and fragments thereof are the most abundant microscopic biological particles in the air outdoors...
March 2016: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762332/climatic-geographic-and-operational-determinants-of-trihalomethanes-thms-in-drinking-water-systems
#19
Maria Valdivia-Garcia, Paul Weir, Zoe Frogbrook, David W Graham, David Werner
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are conditionally carcinogenic compounds formed during chlorine disinfection in water treatment processes around the world. THMs occur especially when source waters are subject to marine influences, high and-or regular precipitation, and elevated levels of organic matter. THMs formation is then rooted in geographic, operational and climatic factors, the relative importance of which can only be derived from large datasets and may change in the future. Ninety three full-scale Scottish water treatment plants (WTPs) were assessed from Jan 2011 to Jan 2013 to identify factors that promote THMs formation...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756807/starting-points-in-plant-bacteria-nitrogen-fixing-symbioses-intercellular-invasion-of-the-roots
#20
REVIEW
Fernando Ibáñez, Luis Wall, Adriana Fabra
Agricultural practices contribute to climate change by releasing greenhouse gases such as nitrous oxide that are mainly derived from nitrogen fertilizers. Therefore, understanding biological nitrogen fixation in farming systems is beneficial to agriculture and environmental preservation. In this context, a better grasp of nitrogen-fixing systems and nitrogen-fixing bacteria-plant associations will contribute to the optimization of these biological processes. Legumes and actinorhizal plants can engage in a symbiotic interaction with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia or actinomycetes, resulting in the formation of specialized root nodules...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
keyword
keyword
87094
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"