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cold bath

Erik O Nelson, Adam F Kozin, Guillermo Ruiz, Arben Lasku, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Viral plantar warts, or verruca plantaris, are a benign epithelial tumor caused by various strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV). Current treatments have had mixed degrees of success, are moderately invasive, and are often incompatible with participation in sports. Objective • The study intended to examine the benefits of treating plantar warts with a topical, botanical blend that has had clinical success treating herpes simplex virus cold sores. Methods • A synergistic botanical blend was applied topically...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Francisco Tavares, Tiaki Brett Smith, Matthew Driller
The physical demands and combative nature of rugby lead to notable levels of muscle damage. In professional rugby, athletes only have a limited timeframe to recover following training sessions and competition. Through the implementation of recovery strategies, sport scientists, practitioners and coaches have sought to reduce the effect of fatigue and allow athletes to recover faster. Although some studies demonstrate that recovery strategies are extensively used by rugby athletes, the research remains equivocal concerning the efficacy of recovery strategies in rugby...
February 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
Hsing-Won Wang, Shao-Cheng Liu, Pin-Zhir Chao, Fei-Peng Lee
Menthol is used as a constituent of food and drink, tobacco and cosmetics nowadays. This cold receptor agonist has been used as a nasal inhalation solution in the daily life. The effect of menthol on nasal mucosa in vivo is well known; however, the effect of the drug on tracheal smooth muscle has been rarely explored. Therefore, during administration of the drug for nasal symptoms, it might also affect the trachea via oral intake or inhalation. We used our preparation to test the effectiveness of menthol on isolated rat tracheal smooth muscle...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
R Allan, C Mawhinney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
Robert A Larson, Jason R Carter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A substantial portion of the population suffers from chronic pain leading to significant health care costs and lost productivity. Loss of sleep duration and quality are widely reported in patients suffering from a variety of acute or chronic pain conditions. Conversely, sleep loss has been known to elevate pain perception; thus a potential bi-directional relationship exists between sleep deprivation and pain. To date, the majority of studies examining the relationship between experimentally induced pain and sleep loss have focused on the measurement of pain threshold...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
V Laptikhovsky, B Reid, P Brickle
This study describes the spawning of the fatheads Psychrolutes marmoratus and Cottunculus granulosus, two psychrolutid species that inhabit the shelf edge and continental slope of the south-west Atlantic. Females lay large eggs of c. 2·5 mm (P. marmoratus) and 4·5-5·0 mm (C. granulosus); fecundity is from the hundreds (C. granulosus) to a few thousand eggs (P. marmoratus). Egg maturation is synchronous in P. marmoratus with an autumn-winter peak of spawning and group-synchronous in C. granulosus, which reproduces all year round...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
A Möller, T Marioneck, R Dronskowski
Cooling within gloveboxes is often restricted to expensive refrigerated bath circulators or small temperature differences. Here, we present a sturdy, inexpensive cooling system which matches various glovebox types and can be readily fabricated by a mechanical workshop in a few days. The system is suitable for cold plates of areas up to 150 cm(2) and temperatures as low as -100 °C.
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Mary Pat Meaney, David C Nieman, Dru A Henson, Qi Jiang, Fu-Zhang Wang
The granulocyte and monocyte phagocytosis and oxidative burst (OB) activity assay can be used to study the innate immune system. This manuscript provides the necessary methodology to add this assay to an exercise immunology arsenal. The first step in this assay is to prepare two aliquots ("H" and "F") of whole blood (heparin). Then, dihydroethidium is added to the H aliquot, and both aliquots are incubated in a warm water bath followed by a cold water bath. Next, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is added to the H aliquot and fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled S...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Fuhai Liu, Dongbai Sun, Rong Zhu, Rongfang Su, Xueyi Wang
Characteristics of flow field and stirring ability of coherent jet with various shrouding CH4 flow rates on the molten bath were studied by combustion experiment and numerical simulation. The axial velocity and total temperature distributions of coherent jet under hot (1700 K) and cold (298 K) ambient condition were analyzed. The Eddy Dissipation Concept model was used in simulation with detail chemical kinetic mechanisms, and the numerical simulation results were agreed well with the combustion experiment in this research...
2016: SpringerPlus
Tyler T Truxton, Kevin C Miller
Clinical Scenario Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a medical emergency which, if left untreated, can result in death. The standard of care for EHS patients includes confirmation of hyperthermia via rectal temperature (Trec) and then immediate cold-water immersion (CWI). While CWI is the fastest way to reduce Trec,(1,2) it may be difficult to lower and maintain water bath temperature in the recommended ranges (1.7°C-15°C [35°F-59°F])(1) because of limited access to ice and/or the bath being exposed to high ambient temperatures for long periods of time...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Andreas Dechant, Shalom Tzvi Shafier, David A Kessler, Eli Barkai
The Boltzmann-Gibbs density, a central result of equilibrium statistical mechanics, relates the energy of a system in contact with a thermal bath to its equilibrium statistics. This relation is lost for nonthermal systems such as cold atoms in optical lattices, where the heat bath is replaced with the laser beams of the lattice. We investigate in detail the stationary phase-space probability for Sisyphus cooling under harmonic confinement. In particular, we elucidate whether the total energy of the system still describes its stationary state statistics...
August 2016: Physical Review. E
Emma A Nye, Jessica R Edler, Lindsey E Eberman, Kenneth E Games
UNLABELLED: Reference: Zhang Y, Davis JK, Casa DJ, Bishop PA. Optimizing cold water immersion for exercise-induced hyperthermia: a meta-analysis. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;47(11):2464-2472. Clinical Questions: Do optimal procedures exist for implementing cold-water immersion (CWI) that yields high cooling rates for hyperthermic individuals? DATA SOURCES: One reviewer performed a literature search using PubMed and Web of Science. Search phrases were cold water immersion, forearm immersion, ice bath, ice water immersion, immersion, AND cooling...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
In-Yeong Hwang, Eun-Hee Park, Yon-Koung Park, Sun-Hee Park, Gyung-Hye Sung, Hye-Young Park, Young-Choon Lee
Legionella pneumophila is the major causes of legionellosis worldwide. The distribution of L. pneumophila was investigated in water systems of public facilities in Busan, South Korea during 2007 and 2013-2014. L. pneumophila was isolated from 8.3% of 3,055 samples, of which the highest isolation rate (49%) was from ships and the lowest 4% from fountains. Serogroups of L. pneumophila isolated in 2007 were distributed among serogroups (sgs) 1-7 with the exception of sg 4, while those of isolates during 2013 and 2014 included also 11 sgs ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 15)...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Samar M Hammad, Nathaniel L Baker, Jad M El Abiad, Stefanka D Spassieva, Jason S Pierce, Barbara Rembiesa, Jacek Bielawski, Maria F Lopes-Virella, Richard L Klein
Plasma deoxy-sphingoid bases are elevated in type 2 diabetes patients and correlate with the stage of diabetic distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy; however, associations between deoxy-sphingolipids (DSL) and neuropathy in type 1 diabetes have not been examined. The primary aim of this exploratory pilot study was to assess the associations between multiple sphingolipid species including DSL and free amino acids and the presence of symptomatic neuropathy in a DCCT/EDIC type 1 diabetes subcohort. Using mass spectroscopy, plasma levels of DSL and free amino acids in DCCT/EDIC type 1 diabetes participants (n = 80), with and without symptoms of neuropathy, were investigated...
July 7, 2016: Neuromolecular Medicine
Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Zuzanna Checinska, Emilia Korek, Justyna Kupsz, Anna Sowinska, Malgorzata Wojciechowska, Hanna Krauss, Jacek Piątek
AIM: We examined whether cold water swimming for seven consecutive months changes basal leptin and insulin concentrations and insulin sensitivity in healthy non-obese women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen recreational female swimmers aged 45 ± 8.7 years, regularly swimming outdoors during winter months were exposed to cold water at least twice a week. Fasting blood samples were collected in October, January and April. Serum leptin, insulin and glucose concentrations were tested and insulin sensitivity was calculated using updated model HOMA2...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
David T Peat, Matthew L Hirsch, David G Gadian, Anthony J Horsewill, John R Owers-Bradley, James G Kempf
We detail the process of low-field thermal mixing (LFTM) between (1)H and (13)C nuclei in neat [1-(13)C] pyruvic acid at cryogenic temperatures (4-15 K). Using fast-field-cycling NMR, (1)H nuclei in the molecule were polarized at modest high field (2 T) and then equilibrated with (13)C nuclei by fast cycling (∼300-400 ms) to a low field (0-300 G) that activates thermal mixing. The (13)C NMR spectrum was recorded after fast cycling back to 2 T. The (13)C signal derives from (1)H polarization via LFTM, in which the polarized ('cold') proton bath contacts the unpolarised ('hot') (13)C bath at a field so low that Zeeman and dipolar interactions are similar-sized and fluctuations in the latter drive (1)H-(13)C equilibration...
July 28, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Tova Feldmann, Ronnie Kosloff
The relation between the geometry of refrigeration cycles and their performance is explored. The model studied is based on a coupled spin system. Small cycle times, termed sudden refrigerators, develop coherence and inner friction. We explore the interplay between coherence and energy of the working medium employing a family of sudden cycles with decreasing cycle times. At the point of maximum coherence the cycle changes geometry. This region of cycle times is characterized by a dissipative resonance where heat is dissipated both to the hot and cold baths...
May 2016: Physical Review. E
Leonard Ikenna Chielo, Tom Pike, Jonathan Cooper
In this study, the range use and behaviour of laying hens in commercial free-range flocks was explored. Six flocks were each visited on four separate days and data collected from their outdoor area (divided into zones based on distance from shed and available resources). These were: apron (0-10 m from shed normally without cover or other enrichments); enriched belt (10-50 m from shed where resources such as manmade cover, saplings and dust baths were provided); and outer range (beyond 50 m from shed with no cover and mainly grass pasture)...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Raymonde Scheuren, Stefan Duschek, André Schulz, Stefan Sütterlin, Fernand Anton
Numerous studies have documented an inverse relationship between blood pressure and sensitivity to experimental nociceptive stimulation. The present study aimed to investigate possible associations between blood pressure and the occurrence and intensity of paradoxical pain induced by the thermal grill paradigm. Thirty-one healthy subjects were stimulated three times for 1 min with the nonnoxious temperatures of 15°C and 41°C set at the interlaced cold and warm bars of a water bath-driven thermal grill. Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded concomitantly...
August 2016: Psychophysiology
John P Handrakis, Dwindally Rosado-Rivera, Kamaldeep Singh, Kirsten Swonger, Frank Azarelo, Alex T Lombard, Ann M Spungen, Steven C Kirshblum, William A Bauman
OBJECTIVE: Cervical spinal cord injury (tetraplegia) is known to interrupt sympathetic vasculature control, thereby preventing shunting of blood from the periphery to central organs when exposed to cold temperatures. As a result, persons with tetraplegia are at risk to develop hypothermia. However, information regarding the discomfort experienced during the cooler months (late fall, winter, early spring) is overwhelmingly anecdotal. It is not known, with any certainty, how those with tetraplegia perceive cold and if discomfort in colder environments restricts them from performing activities that they routinely would perform...
March 8, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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