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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239818/inhibitory-effect-of-compound-chuanxiong-kangxian-granules-on-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-rats
#1
Weiyi Shi, Bo Feng, Shuguang Xu, Xiaoyun Shen, Tiefeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The diverse medicinal properties of herbal compounds make them suitable candidates to treat multifactorial conditions such as pulmonary fibrosis. We investigated the effects and mechanisms of compound Chuanxiong Kangxian granules (CCKG) on a bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis model in rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Following an intratracheal instillation of BLM, Sprague Dawley rats were intragastrically administrated with different doses of CCKG solution or hydrocortisone for 28 d, while control and BLM-treated rats were administered with saline solution...
November 24, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238476/anti-hyperglycemic-and-antioxidant-potential-of-croton-bonplandianus-bail-fractions-in-correlation-with-polyphenol-content
#2
Uma Dharshini Karuppiah Vijayamuthuramalingam, Rajeswari Rajaram, Kalaivani Madhavaram Kuppusamy, Bhavana Jonnalagadda, Sumathy Arokiasamy
Objectives: Diabetes mellitus, a carbohydrate metabolic disorder, occurs due to absolute or relative deficiency of insulin. Current treatment strategies involve either preventing or delaying the intestinal absorption of glucose to lower the levels of postprandial hyperglycemia (PPHG). Herbal remedies have been since ancient times for treating diabetes mellitus. Therefore, identifying novel phytocompounds with α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity that would reduce the glucose absorption as well as the rise in postprandial blood glucose level is vital...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238386/optimized-sopungsunkiwon-a-herbal-formula-attenuates-a%C3%AE-oligomer-induced-neurotoxicity-in-alzheimer-s-disease-models
#3
Jin Gyu Choi, Sun Yeou Kim, Jong Woo Kim, Myung Sook Oh
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is an age-related neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by memory dysfunction, neuronal cell damage, and neuroinflammation. It is believed that AD-related pathology is mostly due to the overproduction of Aβ, especially the oligomeric form (AβO), in the brain. Evidence of the effects of multifunctional medicinal herbs in the treatment of AD has been steadily increasing. Optimized-SopungSunkiwon (OSS), a multiherbal formulation that is composed of six medicinal herbs derived from SopungSunkiwon, is a traditional medicine that is prescribed for neurodegenerative disorders in elderly patients...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238385/experiences-providing-medical-assistance-during-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-using-traditional-korean-medicine
#4
Kyeong Han Kim, Soobin Jang, Ju Ah Lee, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Ho-Yeon Go, Sunju Park, Hee-Guen Jo, Myeong Soo Lee, Seong-Gyu Ko
Background: This study aimed to investigate medical records using traditional Korean medicine (TKM) in Sewol Ferry disaster in 2014 and further explore the possible role of traditional medicine in disaster situation. Methods: After Sewol Ferry accident, 3 on-site tents for TKM assistance by the Association of Korean Medicine (AKOM) in Jindo area were installed. The AKOM mobilized volunteer TKM doctors and assistants and dispatched each on-site tent in three shifts within 24 hours...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238384/antiarthritic-activity-of-qi-wu-rheumatism-granule-a-chinese-herbal-compound-on-complete-freund-s-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-in-rats
#5
Qi Xu, Yong Zhou, Rong Zhang, Zhan Sun, Lu-Feng Cheng
Objective: The aim was to study the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of QWRG on adjuvant-induced RA in rats. Methods: The RA rat models were manipulated and subsequently divided into five experimental groups: AIA, DEX, and QWRG groups. The paw volume, body weight, arthritic score, and mechanical nociceptive threshold were assessed. The serum levels of the RF, MDA, ALP, AST, ALT, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-16, and TNF-α were measured. The proliferative capacity of lymphocytes was evaluated, and the synovial tissue was histopathologically examined...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238191/induction-of-apoptosis-in-hela-cancer-cells-by-an-ultrasonic-mediated-synthesis-of-curcumin-loaded-chitosan-alginate-stpp-nanoparticles
#6
Fatemeh Ahmadi, Maryam Ghasemi-Kasman, Shahram Ghasemi, Maryam Gholamitabar Tabari, Roghayeh Pourbagher, Sohrab Kazemi, Ali Alinejad-Mir
Natural herbal compounds have been widely introduced as an alternative therapeutic approach in cancer therapy. Despite potent anticancer activity of curcumin, its clinical application has been limited because of low water solubility and resulting poor bioavailability. In this study, we designed a novel ultrasonic-assisted method for the synthesis of curcumin-loaded chitosan-alginate-sodium tripolyphosphate nanoparticles (CS-ALG-STPP NPs). Furthermore, antitumor effect of curcumin-loaded NPs was evaluated in vitro...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237450/adding-chinese-herbal-medicine-to-conventional-therapy-brings-cognitive-benefits-to-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
Jing Shi, Jingnian Ni, Tao Lu, Xuekai Zhang, Mingqing Wei, Ting Li, Weiwei Liu, Yongyan Wang, Yuanyuan Shi, Jinzhou Tian
BACKGROUND: Conventional therapy (CT) such as donepezil and memantine are well-known short-term treatments for the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The efficacy of them, however, drops below baseline level after 9 months. In China, herbal therapy as a complementary therapy is very popular. Should conventional therapy combined with herbal therapy (CT + H) make add-on benefit? METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 344 outpatients diagnosed as probable dementia due to AD were collected, with the treatment of either CT + H or CT alone in clinical settings...
December 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236057/development-of-houttuynia-cordata-extract-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-for-oral-delivery-high-drug-loading-efficiency-and-controlled-release
#8
Ju-Heon Kim, Jong-Suep Baek, Jin-Kyu Park, Bong-Joo Lee, Min-Soo Kim, Sung-Joo Hwang, Jae-Young Lee, Cheong-Weon Cho
Houttuynia cordata (H. cordata) has been used for diuresis and detoxification in folk medicine as well as a herbal medicine with antiviral and antibacterial activities. H. cordata extract-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (H-SLNs) were prepared with various concentration of poloxamer 188 or poloxamer 407 by a hot homogenization and ultrasonication method. H-SLNs dispersion was freeze-dried with or without trehalose as a cryoprotectant. The physicochemical characteristics of H-SLNs were evaluated by dynamic laser scattering (DLS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
December 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235303/-varieties-textual-research-resource-investigation-and-identification-of-commercial-drugs-on-cuscutae-semen
#9
Zhi-Gui Wu, Xiao-Mei Fu, Shu-Yao Wu, Yang Li, Bin Xie, Rui-Lin Chen, Cui-Sheng Fan
Through the textual research, resource investigation, literature reviews (including Flora of China, municipal Flora, pharmacopoeia of China and municipal drug standards) and identification of commercial drugs on Cuscutae Semen, it was found the species described in the herbal textual was Cuscuta chinensis, with good quality from Shandong and Henan Province. The identification of commodities showed the majority drugs were from C. australis, varied from the ancient herbal textuals .Mordern literature reviews indicate that it was necessary to strengthen the research on Cuscutae Semen from C...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235302/-status-problems-and-warranty-strategy-of-quality-uniformity-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-preparations
#10
Li-Hua Zeng, Zhen-Feng Wu, Fang Wang, Xue-Cheng Wang, Ya-Qi Wang, Peng-Fei Yue, Na Wan, Huan-Yu Lin, Ming Yang
The quality uniformity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation is the base for guaranteeing the safety and effectiveness of clinical medication. At present, the quality of TCM preparation is uneven. At present, the same TCM preparation in different manufacturers, TCM preparations in the same manufacturer, and even different batches of a same TCM preparation in the same manufacturer have great differences in quality, which can not reach stability and uniformity. This paper would discuss the possible factors that influence the uniformity of quality in the whole process of pharmacy by means of consulting relevant literature on quality control of Chinese herbal preparations and analyzing the present situation and problems of the quality of TCM preparation...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235285/-study-on-calibration-standard-for-reference-drug-of-lonicera-japonica-cultivated-in-xinmi
#11
Jian Yang, Chao Jiang, Yan Jin, Yu-Yang Zhao, Yuan Yuan, Lu-Qi Huang
The calibration technical specification for reference drug of Lonicera japonica cultivated in Xinmi (Mi Yin Hua) established in this study can be used as the theoretical basis and technical standard for internal quality control and evaluation of reference drug of Mi Yin Hua and for modern research and characteristics identification of Dao-di herbs. Based on the quality standard of L. japonica in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (version 2015), 10 batches samples of Mi Yin Hua also conformed to the stipulation. The LC-MS fingerprint common mode of Mi Yin Hua was obtained, and a total of 23 characteristic peaks were selected as the common fingerprint peaks, and eight common chromatographic peaks in the fingerprint was identified based on standard substances and references...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235284/-recent-research-progress-in-immunomodulatory-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-asthma-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Fang-Fang Zhou, Zhao-Xia Xu, Aipire Adila, Jin-Yao Li
Asthma is a kind of chronic respiratory inflammation, commonly with breathlessness, chest tightness, coughing, recurrent episodes of wheezing and airflow obstruction, severely affecting human health. A variety of immunocytes are involved in this chronic disease. Chinese herbal medicine(CHM) has a long history in the treatment of asthma. A large number of studies have shown that CHM could ameliorate asthma symptoms through regulating cellular immune responses. This paper reviewed the studies of CHM on the regulation of immunocytes and their mechanisms in recent years, including the count of inflammatory cells, maturation of dendritic cells, balance of helper T cell subtypes, induction of regulatory T cells and intracellular signaling pathways...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235274/-identification-and-function-analysis-of-target-group-for-cardioprotection-of-baoyuan-decoction
#13
Yan-Jun Wan, Li-Xi Liao, Yu-Qi Liu, Yong Jiang, Lian-Ying Liu, Ke-Wu Zeng, Peng-Fei Tu
Baoyuan decoction (BYD) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula for coronary heart disease with Qi deficiency. However, the detailed pharmacological mechanism of BYD is still unknown because of its complicated chemical compositions. In this study, we synthesized a kind of solid beads with benzophenone groups on its surface. Benzophenone can be activated and chemically cross-linked with the C-H bonds of the chemical compositions in BYD (BYD beads) under UV activation. We thus captured all the target proteins from mouse heart tissue lysates by using BYD beads...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234542/demographics-and-sexual-characteristics-of-sex-enhancing-medication-users-study-of-a-web-based-cross-sectional-sample-of-sexually-active-men
#14
Abul-Fotouh Ahmed, Saad Alshahrani, Anthony Morgan, Ahmed H Gabr, Mohamed Abdel-Razik, Abdallah Daoud
Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of sex-enhancing medications (S-EM) use and to investigate the demographics and sexual characteristics of the S-EM users amongst a Saudi Arabian male population. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional sample of 1176 Saudi Arabian men was recruited using a web-based survey between 1 January and 1 April 2015. The survey included multiple open and closed questions to assess the frequency of S-EM use; and demographics, clinical, and sexual characteristics of S-EM users, as well as their perceptions of S-EM...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234446/medicinal-plants-from-north-and-central-america-and-the-caribbean-considered-toxic-for-humans-the-other-side-of-the-coin
#15
REVIEW
Angel Josabad Alonso-Castro, Fabiola Domínguez, Alan Joel Ruiz-Padilla, Nimsi Campos-Xolalpa, Juan Ramón Zapata-Morales, Candy Carranza-Alvarez, Juan Jose Maldonado-Miranda
The consumption of medicinal plants has notably increased over the past two decades. People consider herbal products as safe because of their natural origin, without taking into consideration whether these plants contain a toxic principle. This represents a serious health problem. A bibliographic search was carried out using published scientific material on native plants from Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, which describe the ethnobotanical and toxicological information of medicinal plants empirically considered to be toxic...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234444/the-effects-of-thai-herbal-ha-rak-formula-on-cox-isoform-expression-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-induced-by-il-1%C3%AE
#16
Titchaporn Palo, Athiwat Thaworn, Phornnapa Charoenkij, Onusa Thamsermsang, Sirikul Chotewuttakorn, Pinpat Tripatara, Tawee Laohapand, Pravit Akarasereenont
Objective: To investigate the modulated effects of HRF on cyclooxygenase isoform expression and its activity, using the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) model induced by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). Methods: Cells were treated with indomethacin (positive control), HRF, and its components at various concentrations prior to treatment with IL-1β at 24 h. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory effects of HRF and its components through mRNA and protein expression were established using real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234439/herbal-medicine-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-an-overview-of-scientific-evidence-from-2007-to-2017
#17
REVIEW
Yanfei Liu, Mingyue Sun, Hezhi Yao, Yue Liu, Rui Gao
Obesity is a very common global health problem, and it is known to be linked to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Western medical treatments for obesity have many drawbacks, including effects on monoamine neurotransmitters and the potential for drug abuse and dependency. The safety of these medications requires improvement. Herbal medicine has been used for treatment of disease for more than 2000 years, and it has proven efficacy. Many studies have confirmed that herbal medicine is effective in the treatment of obesity, but the mechanisms are not clear...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234434/prescription-function-prediction-using-topic-model-and-multilabel-classifiers
#18
Lidong Wang, Yin Zhang, Yun Zhang, Xiaodong Xu, Shihua Cao
Determining a prescription's function is one of the challenging problems in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). In past decades, TCM has been widely researched through various methods in computer science, but none concentrates on the prediction method for a new prescription's function. In this study, two methods are presented concerning this issue. The first method is based on a novel supervised topic model named Label-Prescription-Herb (LPH), which incorporates herb-herb compatibility rules into learning process...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234427/a-chinese-herbal-formula-gengnianchun-ameliorates-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptide-toxicity-in-a-caenorhabditis-elegans-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Fanhui Meng, Jun Li, Yanqiu Rao, Wenjun Wang, Yan Fu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder, and the few drugs that are currently available only treat the symptoms. Traditional medicine or phytotherapy has been shown to protect against AD. In our previous studies, Gengnianchun (GNC), a traditional Chinese medicine formula with a prolongevity effect, protected against Aβ-induced cytotoxicity in pheochromocytoma cells (PC-12 cells) and hippocampal cells. Here, we investigated the effects and possible mechanisms by which GNC protected against Aβ toxicity using transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans CL4176...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234422/effect-of-gelsemium-elegans-and-mussaenda-pubescens-the-components-of-a-detoxification-herbal-formula-on-disturbance-of-the-intestinal-absorptions-of-indole-alkaloids-in-caco-2-cells
#20
Yinghao Wang, Heshan Wang, Shuisheng Wu, Desen Li, Sainan Chen
Gelsemium elegans (GE) is a kind of well-known toxic plant. It can be detoxified by Mussaenda pubescens (MP), but the detoxification mechanism is still unclear. Thus, a detoxification herbal formula (GM) comprising GE and MP was derived. The Caco-2 cells monolayer model was used to evaluate GM effects on transporting six kinds of indole alkaloids of GE. The bidirectional transport studies demonstrated that absorbance percentage of indole alkaloids in GE increased linearly over time. But in GM, Papp (AP→BL) values of the most toxic members, gelsenicine, humantenidine, and gelsevirine, were lower than that of Papp (BL→AP) (P < 0...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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