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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642774/understanding-sorority-women-s-privacy-management-about-condom-use
#1
Rachael Hernandez
Sorority women are at risk for engaging in unsafe sexual behavior. Fortunately, the positive influence of peer communication about condom use can mitigate the risk these women face. To better understand this communication, this article investigates sorority women's communication about condom use through focus groups, using the lens of the theory of Communication Privacy Management. The results revealed the criteria for privacy rules sorority women use to negotiate privacy and engage in comfortable communication with other women in the sorority...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629636/men-selling-sex-to-men-in-sweden-balancing-safety-and-risk
#2
Jari Kuosmanen, Annelie de Cabo
The purpose of this study is to examine how men who sell sex to men perceive the risks in this activity and what experiences they have of actual denigration, threats, and violence in their relations with customers. We also discuss the self-defense strategies they have used to protect themselves. The study is based on an Internet survey on Swedish websites. Statistical analyses have been carried out, and in interpreting the results, Finkelhor and Asdigian's revised routine activities theory has been used. The results show that the vulnerability of sellers of sex is greatest during the time when the sexual act is being performed, and that this is primarily linked to the customer's antagonism and seeking gratification by overstepping agreed boundaries, particularly with regard to sexual services including BDSM...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618100/new-legal-landscapes-re-constructing-the-boundaries-of-mental-capacity-law
#3
Beverley A Clough
This article explores the development of law and policy relating to mental capacity law, situating this within the context of the binaries that have driven this development. Whilst the story of this historical development is well worn, considering it through this lens allows some of the previously hidden problematic consequences of these binaries to come to the fore in our debates. The article will expose these issues through considering the binary between capacity and incapacity, and the interlinked binaries of empowerment/protection and autonomy/paternalism underpinning policies and debate in this area...
March 29, 2018: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594204/infrastructure-and-distributed-learning-methodology-for-privacy-preserving-multi-centric-rapid-learning-health-care-eurocat
#4
Timo M Deist, A Jochems, Johan van Soest, Georgi Nalbantov, Cary Oberije, Seán Walsh, Michael Eble, Paul Bulens, Philippe Coucke, Wim Dries, Andre Dekker, Philippe Lambin
Machine learning applications for personalized medicine are highly dependent on access to sufficient data. For personalized radiation oncology, datasets representing the variation in the entire cancer patient population need to be acquired and used to learn prediction models. Ethical and legal boundaries to ensure data privacy hamper collaboration between research institutes. We hypothesize that data sharing is possible without identifiable patient data leaving the radiation clinics and that building machine learning applications on distributed datasets is feasible...
June 2017: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579487/factors-affecting-the-delivery-of-healthcare-on-a-humanitarian-operation-in-west-africa-a-qualitative-study
#5
Di Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Medical personnel in the UK Armed Forces are highly trained to deploy in support of military operations that assist humanitarian, peacekeeping, counter-terrorism and environmental catastrophes anywhere in the world. Such environments are often austere and successful outcomes demand an individual is highly resilient and able to adapt quickly to any situation. This qualitative study aimed to determine the factors that affect healthcare delivery on such missions by capturing the personal experiences of the first military personnel deployed on a humanitarian operation in support of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa between October 2014 and January 2015...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568698/when-there-are-only-minorities-identity-and-in-group-out-group-orientations-of-emerging-adults-in-four-south-african-ethnocultural-groups
#6
Byron G Adams, Luzelle Naudé, J Alewyn Nel, Fons J R van de Vijver, Sumaya Laher, Johann Louw, Florence Tadi
Intergroup relation perspectives stem from research in Western contexts with clear distinctions between the dominant and nondominant groups. In South Africa, with at least 13 different cultural groups and 11 official languages, no group is dominant in all life spheres. We examine the relationship between identity and in-/out-group orientation across Black-Zulu, Coloured (mixed racial ancestry), Indian, and White-Afrikaans emerging adults ( N = 390; 75% females, M age = 19.97 years, SD = 2.44). Results indicate that personal identity for all groups and ethnic identity for Black-Zulu, Indian, and White-Afrikaans emerging adults were important for intergroup relations...
February 2018: Emerging Adulthood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566048/competency-model-for-dentists-in-china-results-of-a-delphi-study
#7
Yunxia Geng, Liying Zhao, Yu Wang, Yiyuan Jiang, Kai Meng, Dongxiang Zheng
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing awareness of the importance of oral health, patients have an increasing need for integrated care from dentists. In China, the dentistry examination consists of two parts: a practical skills examination and a comprehensive medical examination; to date, no assessment methods that are based on specialized dentistry competencies, unlike the United States, Canada, and other countries, have been established. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to construct a competency model for dentists in China in order to guide the development, admission, training and assessment of dentists...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565099/what-keeps-nurses-happy-implications-for-workforce-well-being-strategies
#8
Jennifer Oates
AIM: The aim of this article is to present selected findings from a doctoral study on the subjective well-being and subjective experience of mental health problems in UK mental health nurses. Here the concept of 'nurses' well-being' is explored. METHOD: Data were drawn from a survey of 237 mental health nurses about their mental health and well-being and from interviews with 27 mental health nurses with personal experience of mental health problems and high subjective well-being...
March 22, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544782/automated-choroid-segmentation-of-three-dimensional-sd-oct-images-by-incorporating-edi-oct-images
#9
Qiang Chen, Sijie Niu, Wangyi Fang, Yuanlu Shuai, Wen Fan, Songtao Yuan, Qinghuai Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The measurement of choroidal volume is more related with eye diseases than choroidal thickness, because the choroidal volume can reflect the diseases comprehensively. The purpose is to automatically segment choroid for three-dimensional (3D) spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images. METHODS: We present a novel choroid segmentation strategy for SD-OCT images by incorporating the enhanced depth imaging OCT (EDI-OCT) images...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516534/proxy-decision-making-and-dementia-using-construal-level-theory-to-analyse-the-thoughts-of-decision-makers
#10
Helen Convey, Janet Holt, Barbara Summers
AIMS: This study explored the feasibility of using Construal Level Theory to analyse proxy decision maker thinking about a hypothetical ethical dilemma, relating to a person who has dementia. BACKGROUND: Proxy decision makers make decisions on behalf of individuals who are living with dementia when dementia affects that individual's decision making ability. Ethical dilemmas arise because there is a need to balance the individual's past and contemporary values and views...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512328/national-disability-insurance-scheme-health-hospitals-and-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#11
Robyn A Wallace
Preventable poor health outcomes for adults with intellectual disability in health settings have been known about for years. Subsequent analysis and the sorts of reasonable adjustments required in health and disability support settings to address these health gaps are well described, but have not really been embedded in practice in any significant way in either setting. As far as health is concerned, implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS, the Scheme) affords an opportunity to recognise individual needs of people with intellectual disability to provide reasonable and necessary functional support for access to mainstream health services, to build capacity of mainstream health providers to supply services and to increase individual capacity to access services...
March 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502788/too-many-false-dichotomies-investigating-the-division-between-ageing-and-disability-in-social-care-services-in-ireland-a-study-with-statutory-and-non-statutory-organisations
#12
Ann Leahy
Initiatives that bridge the fields of ageing and disability are considered critical internationally but to be limited in practice. Taking Ireland as a case, and focusing on social care, this article reports on a study investigating the separate organization of older people's and disability services as perceived by those working in policy-making, service provision and advocacy. In Ireland, as in many countries, social care is administered separately for disabled people and older people. Perceptions of those working in social care are thought to play a role in successful boundary-crossing initiatives...
March 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498989/establishing-relationships-and-navigating-boundaries-when-caring-for-children-with-medical-complexity-at-home
#13
Savithri Nageswaran, Shannon L Golden
Children with medical complexity receive care from many healthcare providers including home healthcare nurses. The objective of our study, based on a conceptual framework, was to describe the relationships between parents/caregivers of children with medical complexity and home healthcare nurses caring for these children. We collected qualitative data in 20 semistructured in-depth interviews (15 English, 5 Spanish) with 26 primary caregivers of children with medical complexity, and 4 focus groups of 18 home healthcare nurses inquiring about their experiences about home healthcare nursing services for children with medical complexity...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495935/responsibility-among-bachelor-degree-nursing-students-a-concept-analysis
#14
Saeed Ghasemi, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND: Responsibility is an important component of the professional values and core competencies for bachelor degree nursing students and has relationships with nursing education and professionalization. It is important for providing safe and high-quality care to the clients for the present and future performance of student. But there is no clear and operational definition of this concept for bachelor degree nursing students; however, there are extensive contents and debates about the definitions, attributes, domains and boundaries of responsibility in nursing and non-nursing literature...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481676/everyday-cyborgs-on-integrated-persons-and-integrated-goods
#15
Muireann Quigley, Semande Ayihongbe
Using the metaphor and actuality of the 'everyday cyborg', this article makes the case that the law is ill-equipped to deal with challenges raised by the linking of the organic, biological person with synthetic, inorganic parts and devices. For instance, should internal medical devices that keep the person alive be viewed as part of the person or mere objects (or something else)? Is damage to neuro-prostheses (eg nervous system integrated limb prostheses) personal injury or damage to property? Who ought to control/own the software in implanted medical devices? And how should the law deal with risks around third-party device access (including that of unauthorised access and hacking)? We argue that satisfactorily answering such questions will likely require a re-analysis of the conceptual and philosophical underpinnings of the law, as well as the law itself...
February 22, 2018: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471714/the-bodily-illusion-in-adverse-conditions-virtual-arm-ownership-during-visuomotor-mismatch
#16
Barbara Caola, Martina Montalti, Alessandro Zanini, Antony Leadbetter, Matteo Martini
Classically, body ownership illusions are triggered by cross-modal synchronous stimulations, and hampered by multisensory inconsistencies. Nonetheless, the boundaries of such illusions have been proven to be highly plastic. In this immersive virtual reality study, we explored whether it is possible to induce a sense of body ownership over a virtual body part during visuomotor inconsistencies, with or without the aid of concomitant visuo-tactile stimulations. From a first-person perspective, participants watched a virtual tube moving or an avatar's arm moving, with or without concomitant synchronous visuo-tactile stimulations on their hand...
January 1, 2018: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461138/enablers-and-barriers-to-the-development-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
Osteopathy is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that is growing in popularity. Increasing numbers of parents are seeking pediatric osteopathic care in addition to conventional medical care. Information about the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between these practitioners is scarce. This explanatory sequential mixed methods study aimed to explore enablers of and barriers to the development of IPC between physicians and osteopaths involved with pediatric patients in primary care in Quebec, Canada...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445930/zbtb17-loss-of-function-mutation-contributes-to-familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#18
Yu-Min Sun, Jun Wang, Ying-Jia Xu, Xin-Hua Wang, Fang Yuan, Hua Liu, Ruo-Gu Li, Min Zhang, Yan-Jie Li, Hong-Yu Shi, Liang Zhao, Xing-Biao Qiu, Xin-Kai Qu, Yi-Qing Yang
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common primary myocardial disease leading to congestive heart failure, arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Increasing studies demonstrate substantial genetic determinants for DCM. Nevertheless, DCM is of substantial genetic heterogeneity, and the genetic basis for DCM in most patients remains unclear. The present study was sought to investigate the association of a genetic variant in the ZBTB17 gene with DCM. A cohort of 158 unrelated patients with idiopathic DCM and a total of 230 unrelated, ethnically matched healthy individuals used as controls were recruited...
February 14, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415647/contagion-via-magical-thinking-and-via-mere-proximity
#19
Lennea R Bower, Zehra F Peynircioǧlu, Brian E Rabinovitz
People show an irrational dislike for objects that were once contaminated or had come into contact with an undesirable person, even if they are currently indistinguishable from other similar objects. To date, such negative contagion within the magical thinking literature has been shown only with inanimate objects. We addressed a boundary condition to see if it also extended to animate targets (dogs and children) while teasing out mere-proximity effects that would predict a similar contagion in the case of children...
January 2018: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409092/-gallop-in-the-routineergometrie-only-chore-or-diagnostic-challenge
#20
Stephan Knöchner, K Kronberg, U Schumann
ANAMNESIS:  A 47-year-old recreational sportsman showed in a routine ergometry polymorphic ventricular extrasystoles with good physical performance. INVESTIGATIONS:  In resting ECG impressed ventricular extrasystoles (VES) predominantly right-hand-block-like with superior axis, a long-term ECG yielded up to 100 VES per hour. Echocardiographically imposing 4 - 5 trabeculae, feathered, reticular structures apically in the left and lower in the right ventricle...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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