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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635383/rendering-lgbtq-visible-in-nursing-embodying-the-philosophy-of-caring-science
#1
Lisa Goldberg, Neal Rosenburg, Jean Watson
Although health care institutions continue to address the importance of diversity initiatives, the standard(s) for treatment remain historically and institutionally grounded in a sociocultural privileging of heterosexuality. As a result, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) communities in health care remain largely invisible. This marked invisibility serves as a call to action, a renaissance of thinking within redefined boundaries and limitations. We must therefore refocus our habits of attention on the wholeness of persons and the diversity of their storied experiences as embodied through contemporary society...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633621/heads-up
#2
Jeffrey B Wagman, Alex Dayer, Alen Hajnal
Possibilities for behavior (i.e., affordances) can be perceived with units spanning anatomical components and external objects. For example, affordances for standing on an inclined surface can be perceived with an object held in the hand or attached to the head. We investigated whether these two person-plus-object perceptual systems exhibit the same pattern of nonlinear phase transitions in perception of this affordance. Blindfolded participants explored an inclined surface with a rod held in the hand or attached to the head and reported whether they could stand on that surface...
May 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630442/ir-sensitivity-enhancement-of-cmos-image-sensor-with-diffractive-light-trapping-pixels
#3
Sozo Yokogawa, Itaru Oshiyama, Harumi Ikeda, Yoshiki Ebiko, Tomoyuki Hirano, Suguru Saito, Takashi Oinoue, Yoshiya Hagimoto, Hayato Iwamoto
We report on the IR sensitivity enhancement of back-illuminated CMOS Image Sensor (BI-CIS) with 2-dimensional diffractive inverted pyramid array structure (IPA) on crystalline silicon (c-Si) and deep trench isolation (DTI). FDTD simulations of semi-infinite thick c-Si having 2D IPAs on its surface whose pitches over 400 nm shows more than 30% improvement of light absorption at λ = 850 nm and the maximum enhancement of 43% with the 540 nm pitch at the wavelength is confirmed. A prototype BI-CIS sample with pixel size of 1...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628676/a-human-scale-perspective-on-global-warming-zero-emission-year-and-personal-quotas
#4
Alberto de la Fuente, Maisa Rojas, Claudia Mac Lean
This article builds on the premise that human consumption of goods, food and transport are the ultimate drivers of climate change. However, the nature of the climate change problem (well described as a tragedy of the commons) makes it difficult for individuals to recognise their personal duty to implement behavioural changes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Consequently, this article aims to analyse the climate change issue from a human-scale perspective, in which each of us has a clearly defined personal quota of CO2 emissions that limits our activity and there is a finite time during which CO2 emissions must be eliminated to achieve the "well below 2°C" warming limit set by the Paris Agreement of 2015 (COP21)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615652/development-of-a-computer-aided-design-and-finite-element-analysis-combined-method-for-customized-nuss-bar-in-pectus-excavatum-surgery
#5
Longhan Xie, Siqi Cai, Liang Xie, Gang Chen, Haiyu Zhou
Pectus excavatum (PEX) is the most common chest deformity in children, which is usually corrected by using the minimally invasive Nuss method. The orthopedic effect of the Nuss operation is mainly evaluated by both the Haller index and the appearance of the chest wall configuration, which is dependent on the operator's clinical experience to a great extent. To improve the orthopedic effect, we proposed a novel method to individually design and optimize the shape of the Nuss bar and to advise its location as well as the incisions...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587573/-they-take-care-of-their-own-healthcare-professionals-constructions-of-sami-persons-with-dementia-and-their-families-reluctance-to-seek-and-accept-help-through-attributions-to-multiple-contexts
#6
Bodil Hansen Blix, Torunn Hamran
BACKGROUND: Norwegian government white papers have stated that the Sami population is reluctant to seek help from healthcare services and has traditions of self-help and the use of local networks. OBJECTIVE: In this article we explore healthcare professionals' discursive constructions of Sami persons with dementia and their families' reluctance to seek and accept help from healthcare services. DESIGN: The article is based on an analysis of focus group interviews with healthcare professionals (n = 18) in four municipalities in Northern Norway with multiethnic populations...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586268/biopolitics-and-boundary-work-in-south-africa-s-sutherlandia-clinical-trial
#7
Christopher Morris
Between 2008 and 2011, South African and American investigators carried out a randomized controlled trial to assess the safety and efficacy of an African traditional medicine in South Africans who were HIV-seropositive but asymptomatic. The medicine was derived from Sutherlandia frutescens, a plant endemic to and widely used to stimulate immune function by people across southern Africa. In this article, I report on the cross-cultural challenges generated by trial investigators' transformation of Sutherlandia into a clinical trial substance and a potential "treatment gap" therapy for persons with HIV...
June 6, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585702/consistent-belief-in-a-good-true-self-in-misanthropes-and-three-interdependent-cultures
#8
Julian De Freitas, Hagop Sarkissian, George E Newman, Igor Grossmann, Felipe De Brigard, Andres Luco, Joshua Knobe
People sometimes explain behavior by appealing to an essentialist concept of the self, often referred to as the true self. Existing studies suggest that people tend to believe that the true self is morally virtuous; that is deep inside, every person is motivated to behave in morally good ways. Is this belief particular to individuals with optimistic beliefs or people from Western cultures, or does it reflect a widely held cognitive bias in how people understand the self? To address this question, we tested the good true self theory against two potential boundary conditions that are known to elicit different beliefs about the self as a whole...
June 6, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581540/self-injury-placement-in-mental-disorders-classifications-risk-factors-and-primary-mechanisms-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Ewa Racicka, Anita Bryńska
Self-injury is a common phenomenon among adolescents and young adults, however its prevalence in clinical population is estimated at 40-80%, especially in regard to patients during puberty. Symptoms usually appear between 12th and 14th year of age, and their average duration is approx. 2 years. According to accepted sociocultural norms self-injury can be regarded as a normal behavior. Nevertheless, the prevalence of body art phenomenon in Western culture including professional tattooing, piercing, scarification, burning tattoos and other body modification typical for tribal cultures, has forced the need to redefine the boundaries for normative behavior...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555774/post-fordist-reconfigurations-of-gender-work-and-life-theory-and-practice
#10
Breda Gray, Luigina Ciolfi, Aparecido Fabiano Pinatti de Carvalho, Anthony D'Andrea, Lisa Wixted
Based on an in-depth study with 56 informants (25 women and 31 men), across the ICT (information and communication technology), creative and academic sectors in one city/regional hub in Ireland, this article investigates the so-called revolution in work/life practices associated with the post-Fordist labour processes of the Knowledge Economy from the perspectives of workers themselves. Recent theorizations of post-Fordist work patterns emphasize a rearranging of work and life place boundaries; a reconfiguring of work and life time boundaries; and a dissolving of the gendered boundaries of work and life (production and social reproduction) (Adkins and Dever ; Morini and Fumagalli ; Gill and Pratt ; Weeks ; Hardt and Negri )...
May 29, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545341/interidentity-amnesia-in-dissociative-identity-disorder
#11
John Morton
INTRODUCTION: Patients diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder (DID) usually present with alternative personality states (alters) who take separate control of consciousness. Commonly, one alter will claim they have no awareness of events which took place when another alter was in control. However, some kinds of material are transferred across the alter boundary. Huntjens et al. devised an objective method of demonstrating such transfer. METHODS: In the main study, following Huntjens et al...
July 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544871/signs-of-social-class-the-experience-of-economic-inequality-in-everyday-life
#12
Michael W Kraus, Jun Won Park, Jacinth J X Tan
By some accounts, global economic inequality is at its highest point on record. The pernicious effects of this broad societal trend are striking: Rising inequality is linked to poorer health and well-being across countries, continents, and cultures. The economic and psychological forces that perpetuate inequality continue to be studied, and in this theoretical review, we examine the role of daily experiences of economic inequality-the communication of social class signals between interaction partners-in this process...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515574/autistic-heterogeneity-linking-uncertainties-and-indeterminacies
#13
Gregory Hollin
Autism is a highly uncertain entity and little is said about it with any degree of certainty. Scientists must, and do, work through these uncertainties in the course of their work. Scientists explain uncertainty in autism research through discussion of epistemological uncertainties which suggest that diverse methods and techniques make results hard to reconcile, ontological uncertainties which suggest doubt over taxonomic coherence, but also through reference to autism's indeterminacy which suggests that the condition is inherently heterogeneous...
April 3, 2017: Science As Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497997/homophily-in-an-anonymous-online-community-sociodemographic-versus-personality-traits
#14
Jeong-Han Kang, Da Young Chung
In what traits do people interact with others who are similar to them in completely anonymous online communication? Can those traits contribute to greater exchange of opinion and information across the sociodemographic boundaries that often limit interaction between social strata? To answer this question concerning online homophily, we combined survey data on 7,287 users (aged 18 and above) of a Korean online dating advice platform with their behavioral data from June 2015 to August 2015 and explored whether advice exchange occurred between users with similar sociodemographic and personality traits...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490204/exploring-participatory-behaviour-of-disability-benefit-claimants-from-an-insurance-physician-s-perspective
#15
Christiaan Sjobbema, Sijrike van der Mei, Bert Cornelius, Jac van der Klink, Sandra Brouwer
PURPOSE: In the Dutch social security system, insurance physicians (IPs) assess participatory behaviour as part of the overall disability claim assessment. This study aims to explore the views and opinions of IPs regarding participatory behaviour as well as factors related to inadequate participatory behaviour, and to incorporate these factors in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) biopsychosocial framework. METHOD: This qualitative study collected data by means of open-ended questions in 10 meetings of local peer review groups (PRGs) which included a total of 78 IPs of the Dutch Social Security Institute...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483808/setting-boundaries-public-views-on-limiting-patient-and-physician-autonomy-in-health-care-decisions
#16
Maureen Maurer, Rikki Mangrum, Kristin L Carman, Marjorie Ginsburg, Marthe R Gold, Shoshanna Sofaer, Ela Pathak-Sen, Jennifer Richmond, Joanna Siegel
We obtained and qualitatively analyzed input from more than nine hundred citizens during seventy-six public deliberation sessions about patient and physician autonomy in decision making, setting health care boundaries, and the tensions among competing social values. Generally, participants resisted interference with the patient-physician relationship and believed strongly in the freedom of patient and physician to control individual medical decisions. However, during deliberation participants identified two situations where boundaries and regulations in health care were more acceptable: protecting people from harm and allocating limited resources...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481266/inspection-and-reconstruction-of-metal-roof-deformation-under-wind-pressure-based-on-bend-sensors
#17
Liman Yang, Langfu Cui, Yunhua Li, Chao An
Metal roof sheathings are widely employed in large-span buildings because of their light weight, high strength and corrosion resistance. However, their severe working environment may lead to deformation, leakage and wind-lift, etc. Thus, predicting these damages in advance and taking maintenance measures accordingly has become important to avoid economic losses and personal injuries. Conventionally, the health monitoring of metal roofs mainly relies on manual inspection, which unavoidably compromises the working efficiency and cannot diagnose and predict possible failures in time...
May 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470745/-what-makes-an-excellent-mental-health-doctor-a-response-integrating-the-experiences-and-views-of-service-users-with-critical-reflections-of-psychiatrists
#18
Imani Gunasekara, Sue Patterson, James G Scott
While therapeutic relationships are appropriately recognised as the foundation of mental health service, service users commonly report suboptimal experiences. With shared understanding critical to improvement in practice, we explored service users' experiences and expectations of psychiatrists and consultations, engaging psychiatrists throughout the process. Using an iterative qualitative approach we co-produced a response to the question 'what makes an excellent mental health doctor?' Experiences and expectations of psychiatrists were explored in interviews with 22 service users...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470114/collegiate-women-s-definitions-of-responsible-sexual-behavior
#19
Nicole Loew, Melissa Lehan Mackin, Lioness Ayres
Promoting responsible sexual behavior (RSB) is a public health strategy to decrease unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Current definitions of RSB in the literature have been developed by providers and policy makers; little is known about adult women's perspectives. Interventions inconsistent with women's definitions of RSB may be less effective; therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand how a sample of college women defined RSB. Data was collected from interviews as part of a mixed methods study of college women and unintended pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468745/erosion-of-digital-professionalism-during-medical-students-core-clinical-clerkships
#20
Arash Mostaghimi, Aleksandra E Olszewski, Sigall K Bell, David H Roberts, Bradley H Crotty
BACKGROUND: The increased use of social media, cloud computing, and mobile devices has led to the emergence of guidelines and novel teaching efforts to guide students toward the appropriate use of technology. Despite this, violations of professional conduct are common. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore professional behaviors specific to appropriate use of technology by looking at changes in third-year medical students' attitudes and behaviors at the beginning and conclusion of their clinical clerkships...
May 3, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
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