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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331051/the-ethics-of-and-the-appropriate-legislation-concerning-killing-people-and-letting-them-die-a-response-to-merkel
#1
Hugh V McLachlan
With regard to ethics and legislation, what is the significant difference between a doctor terminating the life-supporting treatment of a patient in the course of his job and a greedy relative of the patient doing the same thing to inherit his wealth? Merkel offers an interesting and inventive answer to this question in terms of the improper violation of personal boundaries. However, despite Merkel's claim to the contrary, his answer does not directly address the question of the relevant ethical similarities and differences between killing and letting die in general...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330487/a-qualitative-study-of-participants-views-on-re-consent-in-a-longitudinal-biobank
#2
Mary Dixon-Woods, David Kocman, Liz Brewster, Janet Willars, Graeme Laurie, Carolyn Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Biomedical research increasingly relies on long-term studies involving use and re-use of biological samples and data stored in large repositories or "biobanks" over lengthy periods, often raising questions about whether and when a re-consenting process should be activated. We sought to investigate the views on re-consent of participants in a longitudinal biobank. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study involving interviews with 24 people who were participating in a longitudinal biobank...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319457/medical-students-and-staff-physicians-the-question-of-social-media
#3
Michael Noller, Johnny P Mai, Philip E Zapanta, Macario Camacho
Social media's prevalence among the professional world is rapidly increasing. Its use among medical personnel-specifically, medical students, resident physicians, and staff physicians-could compromise personal-professional boundaries. Could the acceptance or lack of acceptance of a friend request bias the medical student application process? If friend requests are accepted, then medical students, resident physicians, and staff physicians are provided access to very personal aspects of one another's lives, which may not have been the intent...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299527/do-pharmacists-use-social-media-for-patient-care
#4
Arcelio Benetoli, Timothy F Chen, Marion Schaefer, Betty Chaar, Parisa Aslani
Background Social media are frequently used by consumers and healthcare professionals. However, it is not clear how pharmacists use social media as part of their daily professional practice. Objective This study investigated the role social media play in pharmacy practice, particularly in patient care and how pharmacists interact online with patients and laypeople. Setting Face-to-face, telephone, or Skype interviews with practising pharmacists (n = 31) from nine countries. Method In-depth semi-structured interviews; audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297084/changing-tastes-learning-hunger-and-fullness-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#5
Line Hillersdal, Bodil J Christensen, Lotte Holm
Gastric bypass surgery is a specific medical technology that alters the body in ways that force patients to fundamentally change their eating habits. When patients enrol for surgery, they enter a learning process, encountering new and at times contested ways of sensing their bodies, tasting, and experiencing hunger and fullness. In this paper, we explore how patients begin to eat again after gastric bypass surgery. The empirical data used here are drawn from a Danish fieldwork study of individuals undergoing obesity surgery...
March 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287675/psychiatric-nurses-views-on-caring-patients-and-canine-companions
#6
Camille King
Psychiatric nurses are expert care providers for individuals with mental health needs. The art of caring spans across multiple species, is important to understand, and is universal whether intentions are toward individuals or animals. Pets are often cared for and viewed as family members. The current research examined psychiatric nurses' views on the similarities and differences of caring for patients and their pet dogs. Twenty-five nurses were interviewed. Similarities of caring for patients and canines included trusting relationships, companionship, daily basic needs, and improved communication through monitored body language...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277722/leader-team-complementarity-exploring-the-interactive-effects-of-leader-personality-traits-and-team-power-distance-values-on-team-processes-and-performance
#7
Jia Hu, Timothy A Judge
Integrating the leader trait perspective with dominance complementarity theory, we propose team power distance as an important boundary condition for the indirect impact of leader extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness on team performance through a team's potency beliefs and through relational identification with the leader. Using time-lagged, 3-source data from 71 teams, we found that leader extraversion had a positive indirect impact on team in-role and extrarole performance through relational identification, but only for high power distance teams; leader conscientiousness had a positive influence on team in-role performance through team potency, but only for high power distance teams; and leader agreeableness had a positive effect on team in-role and extrarole performance via relational identification and on team in-role performance via team potency, but only for low power distance teams...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266319/what-are-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-collaborative-care-for-depression-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Emily Wood, Sally Ohlsen, Thomas Ricketts
BACKGROUND: Collaborative Care is an evidence-based approach to the management of depression within primary care services recommended within NICE Guidance. However, uptake within the UK has been limited. This review aims to investigate the barriers and facilitators to implementing Collaborative Care. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to uncover what barriers and facilitators have been reported by previous research into Collaborative Care for depression in primary care...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#9
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253330/intensity-standardisation-of-7t-mr-images-for-intensity-based-segmentation-of-the-human-hypothalamus
#10
Stephanie Schindler, Jan Schreiber, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Robert Trampel, Alfred Anwander, Stefan Geyer, Peter Schönknecht
The high spatial resolution of 7T MRI enables us to identify subtle volume changes in brain structures, providing potential biomarkers of mental disorders. Most volumetric approaches require that similar intensity values represent similar tissue types across different persons. By applying colour-coding to T1-weighted MP2RAGE images, we found that the high measurement accuracy achieved by high-resolution imaging may be compromised by inter-individual variations in the image intensity. To address this issue, we analysed the performance of five intensity standardisation techniques in high-resolution T1-weighted MP2RAGE images...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253005/the-effects-of-gender-composition-on-women-s-experience-in-math-work-groups
#11
Sarah S Grover, Tiffany A Ito, Bernadette Park
The present studies tested a model outlining the effects of group gender composition on self- and others' perceptions of women's math ability in a truly interactive setting with groups composed entirely of naïve participants (N = 158 4-person groups across 3 studies). One woman in each group was designated to be the "expert" by having her complete a tutorial that gave her task-relevant knowledge for a subsequent group task. Group gender composition was hypothesized to influence perceptions of women's math ability through intrapersonal processes (stereotype threat effects on performance) and interpersonal processes (social cohesion between the expert and other group members)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251445/a-phenomenological-construct-of-caring-among-spouses-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#12
Janice Gullick, Mark Krivograd, Susan Taggart, Susana Brazete, Lise Panaretto, John Wu
The aim of this study was interpret the existential construct of family caring following Acute Coronary Syndrome. Family support is known to have a positive impact on recovery and adjustment after cardiac events. Few studies provide philosophically-based, interpretative explorations of carer experience following a spouse's ischaemic event. As carer experiences, behaviours and meaning-making may impact on the quality of the support they provide to patients, further understanding could improve both patient outcomes and family experience...
March 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247830/-interacting-with-patients-with-a-personality-disorder-10-tips
#13
A Kaasenbrood, J Hutsebaut, F Kaasenbrood
Personality disorders have a high prevalence. The behaviour of patients with a personality disorder may make it difficult for doctors to maintain a professional attitude, which may lead to a breakdown in the therapeutic relationship. In order to prevent an imbalance in the therapeutic relationship, we describe in this paper 10 tips for interacting appropriately with patients with a personality disorder in general medical practice. We divide these into three domains. In the first domain we deal with the organisation of care, which should ideally be safe and predictable because unpredictability and unreliability can easily upset these patients...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219264/we-are-not-gametes-distinguishing-between-abortion-and-contraception
#14
Toni Saad
It is sometimes argued that interruptions of the life's continuum which have the same end result are morally equivalent. In other words, abortion and contraception are ethically identical because both prevent birth and the development of persons. We will examine two major arguments in favour of this thesis: (1) all things that are potential persons have equal moral status. Hence preventing fertilisation of gametes is morally identical to destroying an embryo; (2) all interruptions of the continuous process which leads to the creation of a person are morally equivalent; abortion and contraception are morally indistinguishable...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216281/clinicians-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-for-patients-with-ckd-in-australia-an-interview-study
#15
Marcus Sellars, Allison Tong, Tim Luckett, Rachael L Morton, Carol A Pollock, Lucy Spencer, William Silvester, Josephine M Clayton
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) empowers patients to consider and communicate their current and future treatment goals. However, ACP is not widely implemented in chronic kidney disease (CKD) care settings. This study aims to describe clinicians' beliefs, challenges, and perspectives of ACP in patients with CKD. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Nephrologists (n=20), nurses (n=7), and social workers (n=4) with a range of experience in facilitating ACP for patients with CKD across Australia...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209526/robust-size-illusion-produced-by-expanding-and-contracting-flow-fields
#16
Xue Dong, Jianying Bai, Min Bao
A new illusion is described. Randomly positioned dots moved radially within an imaginary annular window. The dots' motion periodically changed the direction, leading to an alternating percept of expanding and contracting motion. Strikingly, the apparent size of the enclosed circular region shrank during the dots' expanding phases and dilated during the contracting phases. We quantitatively measured the illusion, and found that the presence of energy at the local kinetic edge could not account for the illusion...
February 27, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#17
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192640/-your-experiences-were-your-tools-how-personal-experience-of-mental-health-problems-informs-mental-health-nursing-practice
#18
Jennifer Oates, Nicholas Drey, Julia Jones
INTRODUCTION: Expertise by experience' is a highly valued element of service delivery in recovery-oriented mental health care, but is unacknowledged within the mental health nursing literature. AIM: To explore the extent and influence of mental health professionals' personal experience of mental ill health on clinical practice. METHOD: Twenty seven mental health nurses with their own personal experience of mental ill health were interviewed about how their personal experience informed their mental health nursing practice, as part of a sequential mixed methods study...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182452/correction-to-kinnunen-et-al-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Linking Boundary Crossing from Work to Nonwork to Work-Related Rumination across Time: A Variable- and Person-Oriented Approach" by Ulla Kinnunen, Taru Feldt, Jessica de Bloom, Marjaana Sianoja, Kalevi Korpela and Sabine Geurts (Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 28, 2016, np). In the original article, there were errors in "The Present Study" section and in the "Identifying Subgroups of Boundary Crossing Behavior Across Time" subsection of the "Results" section...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#20
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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