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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515574/autistic-heterogeneity-linking-uncertainties-and-indeterminacies
#1
Gregory Hollin
Autism is a highly uncertain entity and little is said about it with any degree of certainty. Scientists must, and do, work through these uncertainties in the course of their work. Scientists explain uncertainty in autism research through discussion of epistemological uncertainties which suggest that diverse methods and techniques make results hard to reconcile, ontological uncertainties which suggest doubt over taxonomic coherence, but also through reference to autism's indeterminacy which suggests that the condition is inherently heterogeneous...
April 3, 2017: Science As Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497997/homophily-in-anonymous-online-community-sociodemographic-versus-personality-traits
#2
Jeong-Han Kang, Da Young Chung
In what traits do people interact with others who are similar to them in completely anonymous online communication? Can those traits contribute to greater exchange of opinion and information across the sociodemographic boundaries that often limit interaction between social strata? To answer this question concerning online homophily, we combined survey data on 7,287 users (aged 18 and above) of a Korean online dating advice platform with their behavioral data from June 2015 to August 2015 and explored whether advice exchange occurred between users with similar sociodemographic and personality traits...
May 12, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490204/exploring-participatory-behaviour-of-disability-benefit-claimants-from-an-insurance-physician-s-perspective
#3
Christiaan Sjobbema, Sijrike van der Mei, Bert Cornelius, Jac van der Klink, Sandra Brouwer
PURPOSE: In the Dutch social security system, insurance physicians (IPs) assess participatory behaviour as part of the overall disability claim assessment. This study aims to explore the views and opinions of IPs regarding participatory behaviour as well as factors related to inadequate participatory behaviour, and to incorporate these factors in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) biopsychosocial framework. METHOD: This qualitative study collected data by means of open-ended questions in 10 meetings of local peer review groups (PRGs) which included a total of 78 IPs of the Dutch Social Security Institute...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483808/setting-boundaries-public-views-on-limiting-patient-and-physician-autonomy-in-health-care-decisions
#4
Maureen Maurer, Rikki Mangrum, Kristin L Carman, Marjorie Ginsburg, Marthe R Gold, Shoshanna Sofaer, Ela Pathak-Sen, Jennifer Richmond, Joanna Siegel
We obtained and qualitatively analyzed input from more than nine hundred citizens during seventy-six public deliberation sessions about patient and physician autonomy in decision making, setting health care boundaries, and the tensions among competing social values. Generally, participants resisted interference with the patient-physician relationship and believed strongly in the freedom of patient and physician to control individual medical decisions. However, during deliberation participants identified two situations where boundaries and regulations in health care were more acceptable: protecting people from harm and allocating limited resources...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481266/inspection-and-reconstruction-of-metal-roof-deformation-under-wind-pressure-based-on-bend-sensors
#5
Liman Yang, Langfu Cui, Yunhua Li, Chao An
Metal roof sheathings are widely employed in large-span buildings because of their light weight, high strength and corrosion resistance. However, their severe working environment may lead to deformation, leakage and wind-lift, etc. Thus, predicting these damages in advance and taking maintenance measures accordingly has become important to avoid economic losses and personal injuries. Conventionally, the health monitoring of metal roofs mainly relies on manual inspection, which unavoidably compromises the working efficiency and cannot diagnose and predict possible failures in time...
May 6, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470745/-what-makes-an-excellent-mental-health-doctor-a-response-integrating-the-experiences-and-views-of-service-users-with-critical-reflections-of-psychiatrists
#6
Imani Gunasekara, Sue Patterson, James G Scott
While therapeutic relationships are appropriately recognised as the foundation of mental health service, service users commonly report suboptimal experiences. With shared understanding critical to improvement in practice, we explored service users' experiences and expectations of psychiatrists and consultations, engaging psychiatrists throughout the process. Using an iterative qualitative approach we co-produced a response to the question 'what makes an excellent mental health doctor?' Experiences and expectations of psychiatrists were explored in interviews with 22 service users...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470114/collegiate-women-s-definitions-of-responsible-sexual-behavior
#7
Nicole Loew, Melissa Lehan Mackin, Lioness Ayres
Promoting responsible sexual behavior (RSB) is a public health strategy to decrease unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Current definitions of RSB in the literature have been developed by providers and policy makers; little is known about adult women's perspectives. Interventions inconsistent with women's definitions of RSB may be less effective; therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand how a sample of college women defined RSB. Data was collected from interviews as part of a mixed methods study of college women and unintended pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468745/erosion-of-digital-professionalism-during-medical-students-core-clinical-clerkships
#8
Arash Mostaghimi, Aleksandra E Olszewski, Sigall K Bell, David H Roberts, Bradley H Crotty
BACKGROUND: The increased use of social media, cloud computing, and mobile devices has led to the emergence of guidelines and novel teaching efforts to guide students toward the appropriate use of technology. Despite this, violations of professional conduct are common. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore professional behaviors specific to appropriate use of technology by looking at changes in third-year medical students' attitudes and behaviors at the beginning and conclusion of their clinical clerkships...
May 3, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463186/deeplab-semantic-image-segmentation-with-deep-convolutional-nets-atrous-convolution-and-fully-connected-crfs
#9
Liang-Chieh Chen, George Papandreou, Iasonas Kokkinos, Kevin Murphy, Alan L Yuille
In this work we address the task of semantic image segmentation with Deep Learning and make three main contributions that are experimentally shown to have substantial practical merit. First, we highlight convolution with upsampled filters, or 'atrous convolution', as a powerful tool in dense prediction tasks. Atrous convolution allows us to explicitly control the resolution at which feature responses are computed within Deep Convolutional Neural Networks. It also allows us to effectively enlarge the field of view of filters to incorporate larger context without increasing the number of parameters or the amount of computation...
April 27, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460557/an-online-program-for-caregivers-of-persons-living-with-dementia-lessons-learned
#10
Mariya Kovaleva, Lindsey Blevins, Patricia C Griffiths, Kenneth Hepburn
The population of individuals living with dementia and their caregivers and the need to provide caregiver training will increase in the next several decades. In-person caregiver educational programs are delimited by logistical and resource boundaries that could be overcome with online programs. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore the acceptability and ways to improve the content and delivery of an online 7-week psychoeducational pilot program-Tele-Savvy. Thirty-six caregivers who completed the pilot were interviewed about their experience with Tele-Savvy and their suggestions for its improvement...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457775/experiences-of-rural-and-remote-nurses-assisting-with-disasters
#11
Judith C Kulig, Kelly Penz, Chandima Karunanayake, Martha L P MacLeod, Sharleen Jahner, Mary Ellen Andrews
BACKGROUND: Globally, disasters are on the rise. Nurses play a significant role in responding to such events but little is known about rural and remote nurses' experiences. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey of regulated nurses (registered nurses, registered psychiatric nurses, licensed practical nurses and nurse practitioners) in rural and remote Canada provided the data (n=2465) for the logistic regression of predictors of assisting with a disaster event within the last five years...
April 27, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448608/more-intelligent-extraverts-are-more-likely-to-deceive
#12
Justyna Sarzyńska, Marcel Falkiewicz, Monika Riegel, Justyna Babula, Daniel S Margulies, Edward Nęcka, Anna Grabowska, Iwona Szatkowska
The tendency to lie is a part of personality. But are personality traits the only factors that make some people lie more often than others? We propose that cognitive abilities have equal importance. People with higher cognitive abilities are better, and thus more effective liars. This might reinforce using lies to solve problems. Yet, there is no empirical research that shows this relationship in healthy adults. Here we present three studies in which the participants had free choice about their honesty. We related differences in cognitive abilities and personality to the odds of lying...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447331/understanding-action-and-adventure-sports-participation-an-ecological-dynamics-perspective
#13
Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Dominic Orth, Keith Davids, Francesco Feletti, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
Previous research has considered action and adventure sports using a variety of associated terms and definitions which has led to confusing discourse and contradictory research findings. Traditional narratives have typically considered participation exclusively as the pastime of young people with abnormal characteristics or personalities having unhealthy and pathological tendencies to take risks because of the need for thrill, excitement or an adrenaline 'rush'. Conversely, recent research has linked even the most extreme forms of action and adventure sports to positive physical and psychological health and well-being outcomes...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423478/a-qualitative-study-of-community-nurses-decision-making-around-the-anticipatory-prescribing-of-end-of-life-medications
#14
Ben Bowers, Sarah Redsell
AIMS: To explore community nurses' decision-making processes around the prescribing of anticipatory medications for people who are dying. BACKGROUND: Community nurses frequently initiate the prescribing of anticipatory medications to help control symptoms in those who are dying. However, little is known about their decision-making processes in relation to when they instigate anticipatory prescribing and their discussions with families and General Practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative interpretive descriptive enquiry...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396629/effects-of-changing-body-weight-distribution-on-mediolateral-stability-control-during-gait-initiation
#15
Teddy Caderby, Eric Yiou, Nicolas Peyrot, Xavier de Viviés, Bruno Bonazzi, Georges Dalleau
During gait initiation, anticipatory postural adjustments (APA) precede the execution of the first step. It is generally acknowledged that these APA contribute to forward progression but also serve to stabilize the whole body in the mediolateral direction during step execution. Although previous studies have shown that changes in the distribution of body weight between both legs influence motor performance during gait initiation, it is not known whether and how such changes affect a person's postural stability during this task...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394204/medication-adherence-staying-within-the-boundaries-of-safety
#16
Robin Sue Mickelson, Richard J Holden
An important domain of patient safety is the management of medications in home and community settings by patients and their caregiving network. This study applied human factors/ergonomics theories and methods to data about medication adherence collected from 61 patients with heart failure accompanied by 31 informal caregivers living in the US. Seventy non-adherence events were identified, described, and analysed for performance shaping factors. Half were classified as errors and half as violations. Performance shaping factors included elements of the person or team (e...
April 10, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391895/identification-of-a-novel-lmf1-nonsense-mutation-responsible-for-severe-hypertriglyceridemia-by-targeted-next-generation-sequencing
#17
Angelo B Cefalù, Rossella Spina, Davide Noto, Valeria Ingrassia, Vincenza Valenti, Antonina Giammanco, Francesca Fayer, Gabriella Misiano, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Chiara Scrimali, Ornella Palesano, Grazia I Altieri, Antonina Ganci, Carlo M Barbagallo, Maurizio R Averna
BACKGROUND: Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) may result from mutations in genes affecting the intravascular lipolysis of triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a targeted next-generation sequencing panel for the molecular diagnosis of disorders characterized by severe HTG. METHODS: We developed a targeted customized panel for next-generation sequencing Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine to capture the coding exons and intron/exon boundaries of 18 genes affecting the main pathways of TG synthesis and metabolism...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388270/a-balancing-act-how-mental-health-professionals-experience-being-personal-in-their-relationships-with-service-users
#18
Amanda Ljungberg, Anne Denhov, Alain Topor
BACKGROUND: Although being personal in relationships with service users is commonly described as an important aspect of the way that professionals help people with severe mental problems, this has also been described to bring with it a need to keep a distance and set boundaries. AIMS: This study aims to explore how professionals working in psychiatric care view being personal in their relationships with users. METHOD: Qualitative interviews with 21 professionals working in three outpatient psychiatric units, analyzed through thematic analysis...
April 7, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376357/-even-my-sister-says-i-m-acting-like-a-crazy-to-get-a-check-race-gender-and-moral-boundary-work-in-women-s-claims-of-disabling-chronic-pain
#19
Jane Pryma
Recent research examines how women claim chronic pain in response to gendered moral discourses. However, extant research does not explore how race shapes the moral boundary-work performed by women suffering from disabling chronic pain. Through the qualitative analysis of twenty-four semi-structured interviews with women fibromyalgia sufferers conducted between October 2014 and August 2016 in the U.S.A., I demonstrate how women with fibromyalgia claim chronic pain by doing moral boundary-work, referencing gendered and racialized moral discourses that structure how claims of chronic pain as disability are and are not read as legitimate by doctors, disability bureaucrats and personal networks...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374726/-the-association-between-physical-inactivity-and-other-behavioural-risk-factors-of-the-development-of-chronic-non-communicative-diseases-among-the-students
#20
A P Anishchenko, A N Arkhangel'skaya, D A Pustovalov, E V Rogoznaya, A L Urakov, K G Gurevich
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possible association between the physical inactivity and other behavioural risk factors of the development of chronic non- communicable diseases among the young persons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 216 1-2 grade students at the mean age of 18.8±1.3 years including 136 women and 80 men educated at A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State Medical Stomatological University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, were recruited for the examination...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
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