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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772446/does-interparental-conflict-decrease-following-changes-in-observed-parenting-from-a-preventive-intervention-program
#1
Alexandra D W Sullivan, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Bruce E Compas
Interparental conflict, which is common among families where a parent has a history of Major Depressive Disorder, is associated with deficits in parenting. Models of family functioning propose that interparental conflict and parenting behaviors are transactional in nature. Given the interdependent nature of family systems, increases in positive parenting practices may lead to subsequent decreases in interparental conflict. The current study was a secondary analysis of data from a preventive intervention to improve parenting, child coping skills, and child behavior in families with a history of parental depression...
May 7, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768430/a-qualitative-study-of-implementation-and-adaptations-to-progressive-tinnitus-management-ptm-delivery
#2
Anaïs Tuepker, Christine Elnitsky, Summer Newell, Tara Zaugg, James A Henry
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is a common condition, especially prevalent among military Veterans. Progressive Tinnitus Management (PTM) is an interdisciplinary, structured, stepped-care approach to providing clinical services, including teaching coping skills, to people bothered by tinnitus. PTM has been shown to be effective at reducing functional distress, but implementation of the intervention outside of a research setting has not been studied, even though dissemination is underway within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system in the United States...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766630/violence-committed-against-nursing-staff-by-patients-in-psychiatric-outpatient-settings
#3
REVIEW
Jenni Konttila, Hanna-Mari Pesonen, Helvi Kyngäs
Violence against nurses has increased particularly in psychiatric outpatient settings as psychiatric care shifts from being inpatient-based to being outpatient-based. Violence is a complex phenomenon that must be explored in different psychiatric nursing environments and settings. Violence in psychiatric outpatient settings should especially be explored as violence in this context has scarcely been examined. The aim of this systematic review was to elucidate violence committed against nursing staff by patients in adult psychiatric outpatient settings, based on reports from previous studies...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758493/spirituality-religiousness-and-coping-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
Soumitra Das, Varghese Panickasseril Punnoose, Nimisha Doval, Vijayakrishnan Yathindran Nair
Religion is a form of coping that helps individuals to deal with a wide variety of difficult life situations. But most of the research in this field has been in acute patients of schizophrenia. Also, most of the research on religion and schizophrenia has focused on religion and spirituality as coping mechanisms, and research evaluating the relationship between spirituality/religiousness and repertoire of other coping skills is sparse. Our objective was to evaluate the association between spirituality, religiousness and coping skills in patients with schizophrenia in remission...
April 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754399/a-mixed-method-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-preoperative-psychological-preparation-programmes-to-reduce-paediatric-preoperative-anxiety-in-elective-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Ying Dai, Joan Livesley
AIM: To explore the effectiveness of preoperative psychological preparation programmes aimed to reduce paediatric preoperative anxiety and the potential factors that could have an impact on parent and children's acceptance of such interventions. BACKGROUND: Various preoperative psychological preparation programmes are available to address paediatric preoperative anxiety. No mixed-method review has been conducted to explore the effectiveness and acceptability of these programmes...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752850/role-modelling-and-the-hidden-curriculum-new-graduate-nurses-professional-socialisation
#6
Kiri Hunter, Catherine Cook
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences of professional socialisation by registered nurses in hospital-based practice settings, and identify strategies that support professional identity development. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is reinforced and stabilised in the clinical environment through the 'hidden curriculum', with major learning coming from practice role-models. New graduates observe attitudes, behaviours, decision-making and skills, and gain feedback from registered nurses, which they translate into their own practice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751291/shame-and-avoidance-as-barriers-in-midwives-communication-about-body-weight-with-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Excessive gestational weight gain, regardless of initial BMI, is associated with perinatal risks for both mother and offspring and contributes to obesity in women. Studies report that healthcare professionals find it difficult to communicate about weight and pregnant women perceive healthcare professionals as unconcerned, leaving many women uninformed about weight recommendations and risks. We aimed to explore how midwives approach communication about gestational weight gain recommendations, and to characterize communication barriers and facilitators...
April 26, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751218/coping-strategies-of-caregivers-towards-aggressive-behaviors-of-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#8
Neethu Bhaskaran Madathumkovilakath, Sindhu Kizhakkeppattu, Saleem Thekekunnath, Firoz Kazhungil
Aggression is one of the chief determinants of caregiver burden in severe mental illnesses. Clinical and treatment implications of aggression in mental illness are predominantly studied in perspectives of mental health care professionals. Coping style of caregivers towards aggression of persons with mental illness is understudied. So we studied coping strategies used by caregivers of patients with severe mental illness towards aggressive behaviors of patients and relationship between aggressive behavior and coping strategies...
April 24, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749301/the-effects-of-stigma-on-determinants-of-mental-health-help-seeking-behaviors-among-male-college-students-an-application-of-the-information-motivation-behavioral-skills-model
#9
Rita DiGioacchino DeBate, Amy Gatto, Gregor Rafal
Considered a public health issue, the prevalence and severity of poor mental well-being on college campuses has continued to rise. While many college campuses offer mental health counseling services, and utilization rates are increasing, their proportional usage is low especially among males, who often deal with poor mental well-being by adopting unhealthy coping strategies. The purpose of this study was to use the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model to assess the relationship between the determinants as factors that may impact help-seeking behaviors in a large sample ( n = 1,242) of male college students...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746154/psychosocial-functioning-of-children-in-a-craniofacial-support-group
#10
Alexis L Johns, Laura Bava
OBJECTIVE: To describe psychosocial functioning before and after participation in support groups for pediatric patients with craniofacial diagnoses and their families. DESIGN: Baseline and postgroup outcomes and comparison to test norms. SETTING: Urban children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N = 138) were 54% female, primarily Latino (83%), aged 7 to 18 years (mean = 10.4, standard deviation = 2.8), and had public insurance (72%)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743149/moderators-of-effects-of-internet-delivered-exercise-and-pain-coping-skills-training-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-exploratory-analysis-of-the-impact-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Belinda J Lawford, Rana S Hinman, Jessica Kasza, Rachel Nelligan, Francis Keefe, Christine Rini, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Internet-delivered exercise, education, and pain coping skills training is effective for people with knee osteoarthritis, yet it is not clear whether this treatment is better suited to particular subgroups of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore demographic and clinical moderators of the effect of an internet-delivered intervention on changes in pain and physical function in people with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Exploratory analysis of data from 148 people with knee osteoarthritis who participated in a randomized controlled trial comparing internet-delivered exercise, education, and pain coping skills training to internet-delivered education alone...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735877/-development-and-effects-of-a-coping-skill-training-program-for-caregivers-in-feeding-difficulty-of-older-adults-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities
#12
Hyun Hwa Hong, Mee Ock Gu
PURPOSE: We developed and tested the effects of a coping skill training program for caregivers in feeding difficulty among older adults with dementia in long-term care facilities. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The subjects comprised 34 caregivers (experimental group: 17, control group: 17) and 40 older adults with dementia (experimental group: 20, control group: 20). The developed program was delivered in 4-hour sessions over 6 weeks (including 2 weeks of lectures and lab practice on feeding difficulty coping skills, and 4 weeks of field practice)...
April 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734674/a-cross-disciplinary-successful-aging-intervention-and-evaluation-comparison-of-person-to-person-and-digital-assisted-approaches
#13
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Tsuann Kuo, Ju-Ping Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu, Chia-Wen Yu, Yen-Cheng Chen, Wan-Zhen Xie, Wei-Chiang Hsu, Ya-Lan Hsu, Mu-Ting Yu
Background : Successful aging has been the paradigm of old-age life. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a cross-disciplinary intervention program using two approaches for community-based older adults in Taichung, Taiwan. Methods : The content of the intervention included successful aging concepts and preparation, physical activity, chronic disease and health management, dietary and nutrition information, cognitive training, emotional awareness and coping skills, family relationship and resilience, legal concepts regarding financial protection, and Internet use...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732933/challenges-imposed-by-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Pamela Martyn-Nemeth, Jennifer Duffecy, Cynthia Fritschi, Laurie Quinn
Little is known regarding how hypoglycemia and associated fears influence day-to-day life among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) who use contemporary diabetes management strategies. To address this gap, we performed an exploratory qualitative study with five focus groups of 30 people aged 20 to 57 years with T1DM. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed, and then analyzed. Eight themes emerged: (a) hypoglycemic worry, (b) unpredictability and loss of control, (c) contending with life stress, (d) exercise benefits and challenges, (e) a changed relationship with food, (f) sleep fears, (g) a love/hate relationship with technology, and (h) coping strategies to make it better...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731728/non-cognitive-characteristics-of-gifted-students-with-learning-disabilities-an-in-depth-systematic-review
#15
Else Beckmann, Alexander Minnaert
Gifted students who also have learning disabilities (G/LD) are often overlooked when students are assessed either for giftedness or specific learning disabilities. The cognitive and non-cognitive characteristics of these G/LD students are habitually discussed only briefly alongside identification and intervention issues and, beyond that, the relevance of non-cognitive characteristics is often left unconsidered. Accordingly, this study aims to conduct an in-depth review of the non-cognitive characteristics of these students for identification and intervention purposes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728990/the-role-of-mindfulness-in-the-insomnia-severity-of-female-chronic-hypnotic-users
#16
Daniela Curado, Viviam Barros, Emérita Opaleye, Sarah Bowen, Helena Hachul, Ana Regina Noto
PURPOSE: To investigate dispositional mindfulness, psychiatric symptoms, and their relationship with insomnia severity among female chronic hypnotic users. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study, including 76 women with chronic hypnotic use. Participants completed several self-report questionnaires: sociodemographic characteristics, depressive symptoms (CES-D), anxiety levels (STAI-T), dispositional mindfulness (FFMQ), and insomnia severity (ISI). Exploratory linear regression models were used to identify factors related to insomnia severity...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727828/midwifery-one-to-one-support-in-labour-more-than-a-ratio
#17
Georgina A Sosa, Kenda E Crozier, Andrea Stockl
OBJECTIVE: To explore midwifery one-to-one support in labour in a real world context of midwife-led birth environments. DESIGN: Ethnographic study. Data was collected from 30 observations inside and outside the birth environments in three different birth settings. Semi-structured interviews were completed following the births with 29 low-risk women and 30 midwives with at least one year labour support experience to gain their perspectives. Twenty-seven maternity records were also analysed...
April 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727256/relationships-among-symptom-management-burden-coping-responses-and-caregiver-psychological-distress-at-end-of-life
#18
Karla T Washington, Chelsey M Wilkes, Christopher R Rakes, Sheila J Otten, Debra Parker Oliver, George Demiris
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers (FCGs) face numerous stressors and are at heightened risk of psychological distress. While theoretical explanations exist linking caregiving stressors with outcomes such as anxiety and depression, limited testing of these theories has occurred among FCGs of patients nearing the end of life. OBJECTIVE: Researchers sought to evaluate mediational relationships among burden experienced by hospice FCGs because of symptom management demands, caregivers' coping responses, and caregivers' psychological distress...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723686/minority-stress-perceived-burdensomeness-and-depressive-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-youth
#19
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Stephen T Russell, Rosemarie L Buikema, Marcel A G van Aken
Although studies have shown links between minority stress and mental health (e.g., Meyer, 2003), there is little research explaining this association. Research has suggested that adequate coping skills might protect youth from the negative impact of stress (Compas et al., 2017). Thus, we aimed to examine: 1) whether associations between minority stress and depressive symptoms occurred through mechanisms of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and 2) whether these associations were dependent on level of problem-solving coping (moderated mediation)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718520/type-d-personality-as-a-predictor-of-resilience-among-nursing-students
#20
Zuzana Škodová, L'ubica Bánovčinová
BACKGROUND: Understanding the factors that influence resilience is especially important in the context of emotionally demanding work environments in health care. The aim of this study is to examine the associations between Type D personality and resilience among nursing students. METHOD: A correlational study design was used, and 150 baccalaureate nursing students participated. The Type D personality subscale, sense of coherence questionnaire, and Baruth protective factors inventory were used...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
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