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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146566/improving-transition-to-employment-for-youth-with-physical-disabilities-protocol-for-a-peer-electronic-mentoring-intervention
#1
Sally Lindsay, Jennifer Stinson, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Joanne Leck
BACKGROUND: Although youth with disabilities have much to gain from employment readiness programs, they are often excluded from or have limited access to vocational programs. One encouraging approach to address gaps in vocational programming is through peer electronic mentoring (e-mentoring), which may facilitate a smoother transition to adulthood by offering support to enhance coping skills. Despite the increase in online communities, little is known about their impact on vocational mentoring for youth with physical disabilities and their parents...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140772/role-of-patient-coping-strategies-in-understanding-the-effects-of-early-palliative-care-on-quality-of-life-and-mood
#2
Joseph A Greer, Jamie M Jacobs, Areej El-Jawahri, Ryan D Nipp, Emily R Gallagher, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park, Alona Muzikansky, Juliet C Jacobsen, Vicki A Jackson, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose The early integration of oncology and palliative care (EIPC) improves quality of life (QOL) and mood for patients with advanced cancer. However, the mechanisms by which EIPC benefits these outcomes remain unclear. We therefore examined whether EIPC improved patients' coping strategies and if changes in coping accounted for intervention effects on QOL and depressive symptoms. Patients and Methods For this secondary analysis of an EIPC trial, we examined data from 350 patients with newly diagnosed incurable lung or GI cancer...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136039/exposure-time-running-and-skill-related-performance-in-international-u20-rugby-union-players-during-an-intensified-tournament
#3
Christopher J Carling, Mathieu Lacome, Eamon Flanagan, Pearse O'Doherty, Julien Piscione
PURPOSE: This study investigated exposure time, running and skill-related performance in two international u20 rugby union teams during an intensified tournament: the 2015 Junior World Rugby Championship. METHOD: Both teams played 5 matches in 19 days. Analyses were conducted using global positioning system (GPS) tracking (Viper 2™, Statsports Technologies Ltd) and event coding (Opta Pro®). RESULTS: Of the 62 players monitored, 36 (57.1%) participated in 4 matches and 23 (36...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#4
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129552/clinical-characteristics-of-suicidal-behavior-in-an-intensive-care-unit-at-a-university-hospital-in-japan-a-7-year-observational-study
#5
Takashi Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Okumura, Akihito Uezato, Toru Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior accounts for at least 40,000 admissions per year to emergency departments in Japan; however, little is known about emergency admissions owing to suicidal behavior in metropolitan areas. Therefore, we examined the clinical characteristics of suicidal behavior using psychosocial assessments performed by experienced psychiatrists in an intensive care unit. METHODS: Participants were 971 patients admitted to a university hospital's intensive care unit for suicidal behavior between July 2006 and June 2013...
November 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116416/postpartum-outcomes-of-a-pilot-prenatal-care-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-ptsd-during-pregnancy
#6
Linda Weinreb, Melodie Wenz-Gross, Carole Upshur
This study examines postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and secondary outcomes including postpartum depression and birth outcomes for pregnant women who screened positive for PTSD and received a psychosocial education intervention compared to women with PTSD in the usual prenatal care setting. All women entering prenatal care at two federally qualified health centers were screened for symptoms of current PTSD; one site was selected randomly to have prenatal care advocates deliver eight Seeking Safety topics for women with clinical or subclinical PTSD...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096696/clinical-educators-experiences-of-facilitating-learning-when-speaking-a-different-language-from-both-the-student-and-client
#7
Nicola Keeton, Harsha Kathard, Shajila Singh
BACKGROUND: Worldwide there is an increasing responsibility for clinical educators to help students from different language backgrounds to develop the necessary skills to provide health care services to a linguistically diverse client base. This study describes the experiences of clinical educators who facilitate learning in contexts where they are not familiar with the language spoken between students and their clients. A part of the qualitative component of a larger mixed methods study is the focus of this paper...
November 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094643/parent-perspectives-on-pain-management-in-preschool-age-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#8
Kelsey Smith, Laura Reinman, Jeffrey Schatz, Carla W Roberts
Pain episodes occur for many preschoolers with sickle cell disease (SCD), but little is known about parent perceptions of managing pain episodes in young children. We surveyed parents of young children with SCD who had managed pain episodes in the past year to assess their management and satisfaction with their strategies, challenges of pain management, and interest in additional education. Parents were recruited from health maintenance visits at a SCD specialty clinic. Forty-two of 51 parents (82%) of 2- to-6-year-olds reported managing pain over the past year...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082334/development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-coping-skills-group-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#9
Donna M Evon, Carol E Golin, Rachel Ruffin, Michael W Fried
Psychosocial interventions for patients with chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection are needed to attenuate the impact of extrahepatic symptoms, comorbid conditions, and treatment side effects on HCV health outcomes. We adapted empirically-supported interventions for similar patient populations to develop a Cognitive Behavioral Coping Skills group intervention for HCV patients (CBCS-HCV) undergoing treatment. The objectives of this paper are to describe the research activities associated with CBCS-HCV development and pilot testing, including: (1) formative work leading to intervention development; (2) preliminary study protocol; and (3) pilot feasibility testing of the intervention and study design...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072227/cancer-patients-and-oncology-nursing-perspectives-of-oncology-nurses-in-turkey
#10
S Kamisli, D Yuce, B Karakilic, S Kilickap, M Hayran
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Burnout and exhaustion is a frequent problem in oncology nursing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the aspects of oncology nurses about their profession in order to enhance the standards of oncology nursing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey was conducted with 70 oncology nurses working at Hacettepe University Oncology Hospital. Data were collected between January-April 2012. Each participant provided a study form comprising questions about sociodemographic information; about difficulties, positive aspects and required skills for oncology nursing; and questions evaluating level of participation and clinical perception of oncology nursing...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069540/methods-for-alleviating-stress-and-increasing-resilience-in-the-midwifery-community-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Erin M Wright, Maude Theo Matthai, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: Work-related stress and exposure to traumatic birth have deleterious impacts on midwifery practice, the midwife's physiologic well-being, and the midwifery workforce. This is a global phenomenon, and the specific sources of this stress vary dependent on practice setting. This scoping review aims to determine which, if any, modalities help to reduce stress and increase resilience among a population of midwives. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature published between January 2011 and September 2016 using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases was performed...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066983/fit-to-perform-an-investigation-of-higher-education-music-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviors-toward-health
#12
Liliana S Araújo, David Wasley, Rosie Perkins, Louise Atkins, Emma Redding, Jane Ginsborg, Aaron Williamon
Making music at the highest international standards can be rewarding, but it is also challenging, with research highlighting pernicious ways in which practicing and performing can affect performers' health and wellbeing. Several studies indicate that music students' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors toward health and healthy living are less than optimal, especially considering the multiple physical and psychological demands of their day-to-day work. This article presents the results of a comprehensive screening protocol that investigated lifestyle and health-related attitudes and behaviors among 483 undergraduate and postgraduate students (mean age = 21...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064868/association-between-previous-injury-and-risk-factors-for-future-injury-in-preprofessional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#13
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Qian Shi, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of self-reported 1-year injury history and examine its association with preparticipation evaluation components aimed at predicting future injury risk (PPE-IP) among preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Preprofessional ballet school, university contemporary dance program. PARTICIPANTS: Full-time preprofessional ballet and contemporary dancers...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063497/coping-and-adjustment-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#14
REVIEW
Jason S Spendelow, H Eli Joubert, Haymond Lee, Bryony R Fairhurst
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common forms of cancer amongst males. Men's coping responses are an important determinant of functioning and adjustment to this disease. Previous qualitative research exists in this area, but the current review sought to systematically review and summarise these studies. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies concerned with men's coping strategies in their attempts to live with PCa. A search of relevant electronic databases was conducted to identify studies that met inclusion criteria for this review...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056981/children-s-shyness-in-a-surgical-setting
#15
Cheryl H T Chow, Nadine Nejati, Kristie L Poole, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Norman Buckley, Louis A Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between temperament and preoperative anxiety in 40 children (aged 8-13) who were undergoing elective surgery one week prior to surgery Time 1 (T1) and on the day of surgery Time 2 (T2). METHOD: Children's temperamental shyness was examined using the Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory at T1, and preoperative anxiety was assessed using the Children's Perioperative Multidimensional Anxiety Scale at T1 and T2. RESULTS: We found that temperamental shyness predicted lower preoperative anxiety at T1 (β = -10...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#16
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#17
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048569/impulse-control-in-negative-mood-states-emotional-eating-and-food-addiction-are-associated-with-lower-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#18
Meredith H Rose, Evan P Nadler, Eleanor R Mackey
Objectives: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome to evaluate in adolescents with severe obesity, yet intrapersonal predictors of QoL are understudied. The current study assessed whether difficulty with impulse control when experiencing a negative mood (negative urgency) is associated with poorer QoL, mediated by more emotional eating and food addiction. Method: Participants consisted of 69 primarily female (71%), minority (76%) adolescents aged 13-21 (M age = 16...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#19
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045469/incident-experience-predicts-freezing-like-responses-in-firefighters
#20
Verena Ly, Linsey Roijendijk, Hans Hazebroek, Clemon Tonnaer, Muriel A Hagenaars
Freezing is a defensive response to acute stress that is associated with coping and alterations in attentional processing. However, it remains unclear whether individuals in high risk professions, who are skilled at making rapid decisions in emergency situations, show altered threat-induced freezing. Here we investigated the effect of incident experience in a high risk profession on freezing. Additionally, we explored whether any effect of incident experience on freezing would be different for profession-related and -unrelated threat...
2017: PloS One
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