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esophageal balloon dilation pediatric

Tatsuya Osuga, Yoshihiro Ikura, Kazunori Hasegawa, Seiichi Hirano
Endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is an established therapy for esophageal stenosis. To assess its usefulness in children, we reviewed 11 years of pediatric cases of EBD in our hospital. Over the last 11 years, EBD was performed on 14 pediatric patients (10 boys and four girls; 7 months-11 years) at our hospital. All EBD sessions were performed under general anesthesia and fluoroscopic monitoring. The sessions were repeated every week or alternate weeks until resolution of dysphagia or development of smooth endoscope passage...
January 2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Chun-Hsiang Chang, Hsun-Chin Chao, Man-Shan Kong, Shih-Yen Chen, Chien-Chang Chen, Ming-Wei Lai
AIM: The present study evaluates the long-term clinical and nutritional effect to endoscopic balloon dilatation (EBD) in pediatric esophageal stricture. METHODS: This was a 15-year retrospective study involving pediatric patients with esophageal stricture treated with EBD. Outcome parameters included the number of dilatations, procedural success rates, nutritional status, and complications. EBD was performed in patients with a dysphagia score greater than 2. The nutritional status was assessed by weight-for-age z-score...
May 3, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Senol Emre, Fatis Altindas, Guner Kaya
BACKGROUND: Complications can occur during esophagoscopy as a result of applied procedure in children, especially during dilation techic. Our aim was to identify cardio-respiratory alterations during esophagoscopy with or without baloon dilation under anesthesia in children, and to investigate the postoperative complications. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of endoscopic procedures in patients 0-16 years. The patients were divided into two groups: the endoscopy-dilation group (Group ED: endoscopy and balloon dilation due to esophageal stricture) and endoscopy without dilation (Group E: endoscopy for diagnostic reasons, control esophagoscopy or sclerotherapy)...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Suresh Mohan, Sarah N Bowe, Lara M Hirner, Claire Zar-Kessler, Christopher J Hartnick
Pediatric cricopharyngeal achalasia is an uncommon but important cause of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Failure of upper esophageal sphincter relaxation is the currently understood pathophysiology. Therapies include balloon dilation, botulinum toxin injection, and endoscopic or open cricopharyngeal myotomy (CPM). Open CPM is usually performed at the posterior midline of the cricopharyngeus and can be a risky procedure given concern for esophageal perforation and damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Here, we present a novel modified technique for open CPM using a superficial anterolateral transection approach in the case of a young male with refractory cricopharyngeal achalasia...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Masaya Suzuhigashi, Tatsuru Kaji, Hiroyuki Noguchi, Mitsuru Muto, Michiko Goto, Motoi Mukai, Kazuhiko Nakame, Takafumi Kawano, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is rare, and the available clinical data are limited. We explored the current diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of CES. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was performed using medical records at pediatric surgical centers in the Kyushu area. RESULTS: Over 10 years, 40 patients (24 males) had CES. The incidence of associated anomalies was 52.5% (21/40), and that of esophageal atresia was 20.0% (8/40)...
October 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
Hiroomi Okuyama, Yuko Tazuke, Takehisa Ueno, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Yuichi Takama, Ryuta Saka, Noriaki Usui, Hideki Soh, Takeo Yonekura
AIM: Thoracoscopic repair (TR) of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) remains a considerable challenge, even for the most experienced pediatric surgeons. The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of our experience with TR of EA/TEF and to determine the learning curve for this procedure. METHODS: Eleven consecutive cases that had undergone TR of EA/TEF at our institutes were included in this study. The medical charts were reviewed retrospectively...
February 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Andrzej Grabowski, Wojciech Korlacki, Michał Pasierbek, Roksana Pułtorak, Filip Achtelik, Maciej Ilewicz
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal achalasia is a rare entity in children. However, young age is a factor of failure of conservative treatment, emphasizing the role of surgery. In our institution laparoscopic Heller's cardiomyotomy is the chosen procedure for surgical treatment. AIM: To assess the outcome of surgery for achalasia treatment in children operated on in a single institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive patient records from the years 1997 to 2014 was performed...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Yun Cui, Yuqian Ren, Yijun Shan, Rongxin Chen, Fei Wang, Yan Zhu, Yucai Zhang
Esophagopleural fistula (EPF) is rarely reported in children with a high misdiagnosis rate. This study aimed to reveal the clinical manifestations and managements of EPF in children.Two pediatric cases of EPF in our hospital were reported. A bibliographic search was performed on the PubMed, WANFANG, and CNKI databases for EPF-related reports published between January 1980 and May 2016. The pathogeny, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatments, and prognosis of EPF patients were collected and discussed.Based on conservative treatments, 1 pediatric EPF case induced by cervical trauma was cured by longitudinal septum incision-mediated drainage...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yuyong Tan, Hongyi Zhu, Chenjie Li, Yi Chu, Jirong Huo, Deliang Liu
BACKGROUND: Both peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) are effective method for pediatric achalasia, however little is known about the comparison between them. Herein we compare the safety and efficacy of them for primary treatment of pediatric achalasia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of pediatric patients who received POEM or EBD for their primary therapy of achalasia at our hospital from January 2007 to June 2015, they were divided into the POEM group and EBD group...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Kanefumi Yamashita, Hironari Shiwaku, Ryuichiro Hirose, Hiroki Kai, Ryo Nakashima, Daisuke Kato, Richiko Beppu, Shinsuke Takeno, Takamitsu Sasaki, Satoshi Nimura, Akinori Iwasaki, Haruhiro Inoue, Yuichi Yamashita
Achalasia is a primary motility disorder with incomplete lower esophageal sphincter relaxation; it has an annual incidence of 0.11 cases per 100 000 children. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new endoscopic treatment method for achalasia. Reports about POEM in pediatric patients are rare. We herein report the case of a 9-year-old female patient with achalasia who underwent POEM. The patient underwent endoscopic balloon dilatation because medication was not effective at a previous hospital; however, endoscopic balloon dilatation was not effective either...
November 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Jessica A Zagory, Jamie M Golden, Natalie E Demeter, Yen Nguyen, Henri R Ford, Nam X Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is an uncommon disorder in children. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the optimal treatment for achalasia. We investigate the effectiveness of symptom relief in patients who underwent endoscopic treatments versus Heller myotomy (HM). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all children (age 0-18 years) treated for achalasia at two pediatric hospitals from 2004 to 2014. Demographics, presenting symptoms, outcomes, and complications were analyzed...
June 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Luigi Dall'Oglio, Tamara Caldaro, Francesca Foschia, Simona Faraci, Giovanni Federici di Abriola, Francesca Rea, Erminia Romeo, Filippo Torroni, Giulia Angelino, Paola De Angelis
Post-esophageal atresia anastomotic strictures and post-corrosive esophagitis are the most frequent types of cicatricial esophageal stricture. Congenital esophageal stenosis has been reported to be a rare but typical disease in children; other pediatric conditions are peptic, eosinophilic esophagitis and dystrophic recessive epidermolysis bullosa strictures. The conservative treatment of esophageal stenosis and strictures (ES) rather than surgery is a well-known strategy for children. Before planning esophageal dilation, the esophageal morphology should be assessed in detail for its length, aspect, number and level, and different conservative strategies should be chosen accordingly...
February 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
F Savino, V Tarasco, S Viola, E Locatelli, M Sorrenti, A Barabino
Esophageal stenosis is a relatively uncommon condition in pediatrics and requires an accurate diagnostic approach. Here we report the case of a 9-month old female infant who presented intermittent vomiting, dysphagia and refusal of solid foods starting after weaning. She was treated for gastroesophageal reflux. At first, radiological investigation suggested achalasia, while esophagoscopy revelaed a severe congenital esophageal stenosis at the distal third of the esophagus. She underwent four endoscopic balloon dilatations that then allowed her to swallow solid food with intermittent mild dysphagia...
2015: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Lusine Ambartsumyan, Leonel Rodriguez
The most common and challenging gastrointestinal motility disorders in children include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophageal achalasia, gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and constipation. GERD is the most common gastrointestinal motility disorder affecting children and is diagnosed clinically and treated primarily with acid secretion blockade. Esophageal achalasia, a less common disorder in the pediatric patient population, is characterized by dysphagia and treated with pneumatic balloon dilation and/or esophagomyotomy...
January 2014: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
A Avanoğlu, O Mutaf
Between 1975 and 1994, nine patients with achalasia were treated surgically at the Department of Pediatric Surgery, Ege University Hospital. The mean age was 8.3 years; there were 4 boys and 5 girls; and dysphagia was the leading symptom. There was also significant growth retardation in most of the patients. A modified Heller's myotomy was performed in all cases via a transthoracic approach without an antireflux procedure. In one patient the myotomy resulted in significant gastroesophageal reflux, but this could be controlled medically...
March 1996: Pediatric Surgery International
Cristiane Hallal, Carlos O Kieling, Daltro L Nunes, Cristina T Ferreira, Guilherme Peterson, Sérgio G S Barros, Cristina A Arruda, José C Fraga, Helena A S Goldani
PURPOSE: Although achalasia is a rare disorder in children, its symptom may mimic common childhood diseases. This study aimed to assess the diagnosis and management of achalasia in children and adolescents in a Brazilian single center during a 12-year period. METHODS: Patients with achalasia were identified from a database built during the period of January 2000-January 2012 from a Pediatric Gastroenterology reference center. Information regarding demographic data, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term follow-up were described...
December 2012: Pediatric Surgery International
A Ksia, S Mosbahi, M Ben Brahim, L Sahnoun, R Laamiri, K Maazoun, I Krichene, M Mekki, M Belguith, A Nouri
UNLABELLED: Esophageal stricture is a rare but often severe complication of recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in children. The purpose of the study was to review this digestive complication with emphasis on diagnostic modalities and therapeutic management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of two pediatric cases of esophageal stenosis that occurred during generalized recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa of the Hallopeau-Siemens type...
December 2012: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Giovanni Di Nardo, Paolo Rossi, Salvatore Oliva, Marina Aloi, Denis A Cozzi, Simone Frediani, Adriano Redler, Saverio Mallardo, Federica Ferrari, Salvatore Cucchiara
BACKGROUND: The use of pneumatic dilation (PD) is well established in adults with achalasia; however, it is less commonly used in children. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of PD in pediatric achalasia and to define predictive factors for its treatment failure. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Twenty-four patients with achalasia were enrolled from January 2004 to November 2009 and were followed for a median of 6 years...
November 2012: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
M P Korolev, S V Gol'bits, A P Ivanov, M I Komissarov
Nowadays not only diagnostic but also therapeutic interventions are widely used in pediatric endoscopy. The authors analyze 25 cases of esophageal stenosis of different genesis (caustic, peptic, anastomotic and congenital esophageal obstructions) in children aged from 1.6 to 15 years. The endoscopic treatment was successfully performed by mechanical dilators with a guidewire and balloon dilator in all patients. The age less than 2 years, previous complications, subtotal stenosis can not be considered absolute contraindication for endoscopic treatment...
2012: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
Kayo Ikeda, Shinobu Ida, Hisayoshi Kawahara, Koji Kawamoto, Yuri Etani, Akio Kubota
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk allergy (CMA) can cause functional bowel symptoms. This can lead to confusion and difficulty in managing pediatric surgical patients who also have CMA. We examined CMA's effect on the management of pediatric surgical patients in our institute. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, 14 pediatric surgical patients with CMA were reviewed. Cow's milk allergy was diagnosed according to clinical findings and stimulation index (normal range <300%) of the lymphocyte stimulation test...
December 2011: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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