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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222893/postprandial-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-response-to-krill-oil-and-fish-oil-consumption-in-healthy-women-a-randomised-controlled-single-dose-crossover-study
#1
Hyunsin H Sung, Andrew J Sinclair, Paul A Lewandowski, Xiao Q Su
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Krill oil (KO) and fish oil (FO) are good sources of health-benefiting long chain n- 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA), EPA and DHA. There are conflicting outcomes on the bioavailability of LC n-3 PUFA from KO compared with FO. This study investigated the postprandial incorporation of LC n- 3 PUFA into plasma lipids following consumption of 5 capsules of KO or FO in comparison with olive oil (OO) control in healthy women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 10 women (aged 18-45 years) consumed a high-fat (15 g) breakfast, supplemented with 5 g of KO, FO, or OO in a random order with a minimum seven-day washout period between the supplementations...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219920/the-fatty-liver-index-a-simple-and-accurate-predictor-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-an-average-risk-population
#2
Eun Young Ze, Beom Jin Kim, Dong Hwan Jun, Jae Gyu Kim, Hyun Kang, Dong Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, is associated with increased risk of colorectal adenoma, a precursor of colorectal cancer. Because nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and colorectal adenoma share many common risk factors of metabolic syndrome, the association between these 2 pathological findings has been investigated in multiple studies, but the results have been conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the fatty liver index, a predictor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and the prevalence of colorectal adenomas...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219798/-guideline-organ-donation-following-euthanasia
#3
H Mulder, G Olthuis, M Siebelink, R Gerritsen, E van Heurn
- The multidisciplinary guideline 'Organ donation following euthanasia' was published in March 2017 at request of the Minister of Health, Welfare and Sport.- This guideline provides recommendations for the organisation and implementation of a request to donate organs expressed by a patient who asks for euthanasia.- It is vital to avoid any conflict of interest while the patient requesting organ donation following euthanasia is still alive.- The person who carries out the euthanasia procedure is responsible for assessing the degree of unbearable suffering and for guaranteeing that potential organ donation is well-considered and voluntary...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218819/a-conceptual-model-of-the-risk-of-elder-abuse-posed-by-incontinence-and-care-dependence
#4
Joan Ostaszkiewicz
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and critically analyse the thinking that led to the concept of an association between incontinence, care dependence and elder abuse. BACKGROUND: Coercive or abusive continence care practices include chastising a person for their incontinence and overriding their attempts to resist continence care. Neglect in continence care is characterised by withholding or delaying responding to requests for help to maintain continence or to manage incontinence, and restricting a person's access to toileting assistance, incontinence aids or hygiene care...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217695/harmonizing-methods-for-estimating-the-impact-of-contraceptive-use-on-unintended-pregnancy-abortion-and-maternal-health
#5
Ian Askew, Michelle Weinberger, Aisha Dasgupta, Jacqueline Darroch, Ellen Smith, John Stover, Melanie Yahner
Estimates of the potential impacts of contraceptive use on averting unintended pregnancies, total and unsafe abortions, maternal deaths, and newborn, infant, and child deaths provide evidence of the value of investments in family planning programs and thus are critically important for policy makers, donors, and advocates alike. Several research teams have independently developed mathematical models that estimate the number of adverse health outcomes averted due to contraceptive use. However, each modeling approach was designed for different purposes, and as such the methodological assumptions, data inputs, and mathematical algorithms initially used in each model differed; consequently, the models did not produce comparable estimates for the same outcome indicators...
December 7, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216876/refugees-experiences-of-healthcare-in-the-host-country-a-scoping-review
#6
Elisabeth Mangrio, Katarina Sjögren Forss
BACKGROUND: During the last years, Europe experienced an increase in immigration due to a variety of worldwide wars and conflicts, which in turn resulted in a greater number of physical and mental health issues present among the refugees. These factors place high demands not only on the refugees, but also on healthcare professionals who meet the refugees in different situations. Information about the refugees' experiences of the healthcare systems in their host countries is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered, as well as to provide opportunities for better access...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216261/associations-of-changes-in-body-mass-index-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-healthy-middle-aged-adults
#7
In-Jeong Cho, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Ji Min Sung, Young Mi Yun, Hyeon Chang Kim, Namsik Chung
BACKGROUND: Conflicting data exist regarding the association of body mass index (BMI) changes with all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality. The current study investigated the association between changes in BMI and all-cause, CV, and non-CV mortality in a large cohort of middle-aged adults. METHODS: A total of 379,535 adults over 40 years of age without pre-existing CV disease or cancer at baseline were enrolled to undergo a series of at least three health examinations of biennial intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216027/acute-malnutrition-among-children-mortality-and-humanitarian-interventions-in-conflict-affected-regions-nigeria-october-2016-march-2017
#8
Eva Leidman, Erin Tromble, Adamu Yermina, Robert Johnston, Chris Isokpunwu, Adeyemi Adeniran, Assaye Bulti
A public health emergency was declared by the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health in northeastern Nigeria in June 2016 and escalated by the United Nations to a Level 3 Emergency in August 2016, after confirmation of wild poliovirus and measles outbreaks and evidence that prevalence of acute malnutrition exceeded emergency thresholds in areas newly liberated from Boko Haram control (1,2). To monitor rates of mortality, acute malnutrition among children, infectious disease morbidity, and humanitarian interventions after the emergency declaration, a series of cross-sectional household surveys were conducted in fall 2016 and winter 2017 in the northeastern states of Borno and Yobe using a cluster methodology...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214964/the-ethics-of-making-patients-responsible
#9
Sven Ove Hansson
In their daily clinical work, healthcare professionals generally apply what seems to be a double standard for the responsibility of patients. On the one hand, patients are encouraged to take responsibility for lifestyle changes that can improve their chances of good health. On the other hand, when patients fail to follow such recommendations, they are not held responsible for the failure. This seeming inconsistency is explained in terms of the distinction between task responsibility and blame responsibility...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214707/movement-decline-across-lifespan-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-mutants-in-the-insulin-insulin-like-signaling-pathway
#10
Breanne L Newell Stamper, James R Cypser, Katerina Kechris, David Alan Kitzenberg, Patricia M Tedesco, Thomas E Johnson
Research in aging biology has identified several pathways that are molecularly conserved across species that extend lifespan when mutated. The insulin/insulin-like signaling (IIS) pathway is one of the most widely studied of these. It has been assumed that extending lifespan also extends healthspan (the period of life with minimal functional loss). However, data supporting this assumption conflict and recent evidence suggest that life extension may, in and of itself, extend the frail period. In this study, we use Caenorhabditis elegans to further probe the link between lifespan and healthspan...
December 7, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213302/a-comprehensive-review-of-hiv-sti-prevention-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-among-sex-workers-in-conflict-affected-settings-call-for-an-evidence-and-rights-based-approach-in-the-humanitarian-response
#11
REVIEW
Alyssa Ferguson, Kate Shannon, Jennifer Butler, Shira M Goldenberg
Background: While the conditions in emergency humanitarian and conflict-affected settings often result in significant sex work economies, there is limited information on the social and structural conditions of sex work in these settings, and the impacts on HIV/STI prevention and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for sex workers. Our objective was to comprehensively review existing evidence on HIV/STI prevention and access to SRH services for sex workers in conflict-affected settings globally...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212559/the-body-remembers-adolescent-conflict-struggles-predict-adult-interleukin-6-levels
#12
Joseph P Allen, Emily L Loeb, Joseph S Tan, Rachel K Narr, Bert N Uchino
Struggles managing conflict and hostility in adolescent social relationships were examined as long-term predictors of immune-mediated inflammation in adulthood that has been linked to long-term health outcomes. Circulating levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a marker of immune system dysfunction when chronically elevated, were assessed at age 28 in a community sample of 127 individuals followed via multiple methods and reporters from ages 13 to 28. Adult serum IL-6 levels were predicted across periods as long as 15 years by adolescents' inability to defuse peer aggression and poor peer-rated conflict resolution skills, and by independently observed romantic partner hostility in late adolescence...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211842/maternal-age-at-birth-and-daughters-subsequent-childlessness
#13
O Basso, C R Weinberg, A A D'Aloisio, D P Sandler
STUDY QUESTION: Does maternal age at a daughter's birth predict her subsequent probability of lifelong childlessness? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this study population, women born to older mothers were more likely to be childless. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although maternal age at childbearing is increasing in many countries, there is limited evidence on whether being born to older parents may influence offspring fertility. STUDY DESIGN SIZE AND DURATION: This analysis included 43 135 women from the US-based Sister Study, a cohort study of 50 884 sisters of women with breast cancer recruited between 2003 and 2009...
December 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211523/conflict-settings-the-importance-of-timely-access-to-health-care
#14
Harry S Shannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210333/training-reproductive-health-professionals-in-a-post-conflict-environment-exploring-medical-nursing-and-midwifery-education-in-mogadishu-somalia
#15
Abdiasis Yalahow, Mariam Hassan, Angel M Foster
Following two decades of civil war, Somalia recently entered the post-conflict rebuilding phase that has resulted in the rapid proliferation of higher education institutions. Given the high maternal mortality ratio, the federal government has identified the reproductive health education of health service professionals as a priority. Yet little is known about the coverage of contraception, abortion, pregnancy, childbirth, and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in medicine, nursing, or midwifery. In 2016, we conducted a multi-methods study to understand the reproductive health education and training landscape and identify avenues by which development of the next generation of health service professionals could be improved...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209835/patient-clinician-communication-among-patients-with-stage-i-lung-cancer
#16
Shannon M Nugent, Sara E Golden, Charles R Thomas, Mark E Deffebach, Mithran S Sukumar, Paul H Schipper, Brandon H Tieu, Drew Moghanaki, Juan Wisnivesky, Christopher Slatore
PURPOSE: Limited data exist about patient-centered communication (PCC) and patient-centered outcomes among patients who undergo surgery or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to examine the relationship between PCC and decision-making processes among NSCLC patients, using baseline data from a prospective, multicenter study. METHODS: Patients with stage 1 NSCLC completed a survey prior to treatment initiation...
December 5, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209755/-evaluation-of-a%C3%A2-prostate-cancer-e%C3%A2-health-tutorial-development-and-testing-of-the-website-prostata-information-ch
#17
R Schaffert, U Dahinden, T Hess, A Bänziger, P Kuntschik, F Odoni, P Spörri, R T Strebel, J Kamradt, G Tenti, A Mattei, M Müntener, S Subotic, H-P Schmid, P Rüesch
BACKGROUND: Due to the multitude of therapy options, the treatment decision after diagnosis of localized prostate cancer is challenging. Compared to printed booklets, web-based information technology offers more possibilities to tailor information to patients' individual needs. OBJECTIVES: To support the decision-making process as well as the communication with patients, we developed an online tutorial in a systematic process in the German-speaking part of Switzerland and then tested it in a pilot study...
December 5, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209746/decisional-conflict-in-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Margot J Metz, Marjolein A Veerbeek, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Edwin de Beurs, Aartjan T F Beekman
PURPOSE: Decisional conflict refers to the degree to which patients are engaged in and feel comfortable about important clinical decisions. Until now, the concept has received little attention in mental health care. We investigate the level of decisional conflict in mental health care and whether this is influenced by socio-demographics, treatment setting, diagnoses, and locus of control. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among 186 patients in Dutch specialist mental health care using the Decisional Conflict Scale, which measures five dimensions of decisional conflict: information, support, clarification of values, certainty, and decisional quality...
December 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209410/public-health-implications-of-complex-emergencies-and-natural-disasters
#19
Amanda Culver, Roger Rochat, Susan T Cookson
Background: During the last decade, conflict or natural disasters have displaced unprecedented numbers of persons. This leads to conditions prone to outbreaks that imperil the health of displaced persons and threaten global health security. Past literature has minimally examined the association of communicable disease outbreaks with complex emergencies (CEs) and natural disasters (NDs). Methods: To examine this association, we identified CEs and NDs using publicly available datasets from the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters and United Nations Flash and Consolidated Appeals archive for 2005-2014...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206944/the-direct-and-indirect-effects-of-kisspeptin-54-on-granulosa-lutein-cell-function
#20
L A Owens, A Abbara, A Lerner, S O'floinn, G Christopoulos, S Khanjani, R Islam, K Hardy, A C Hanyaloglu, S A Lavery, W S Dhillo, S Franks
STUDY QUESTION: What are the in vivo and in vitro actions of kisspeptin-54 on the expression of genes involved in ovarian reproductive function, steroidogenesis and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in granulosa lutein (GL) cells when compared with traditional triggers of oocyte maturation? SUMMARY ANSWER: The use of kisspeptin-54 as an oocyte maturation trigger augmented expression of genes involved in ovarian steroidogenesis in human GL cells including, FSH receptor (FSHR), LH/hCG receptor (LHCGR), steroid acute regulatory protein (STAR), aromatase, estrogen receptors alpha and beta (ESR1, ESR2), 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (3BHSD2) and inhibin A (INHBA), when compared to traditional maturation triggers, but did not alter markers of OHSS...
December 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
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