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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822657/a-systematic-review-of-muscle-morphology-and-function-in-intermittent-claudication
#1
REVIEW
Amy E Harwood, Stephanie King, Joshua Totty, George E Smith, Natalie Vanicek, Ian C Chetter
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent claudication (IC) is frequently associated with deterioration in walking capacity and physical function, and it can often result in an impairment in balance. Whereas supervised exercise is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence as the first-line treatment, the mechanism behind walking improvement is poorly understood. The existing literature suggests that there may be some physiologic change to the skeletal muscle contributing to the functional impairment, but these data are conflicting...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820870/controversies-in-the-identification-and-management-of-acute-pulmonary-hypertension-in-preterm-neonates
#2
REVIEW
Regan E Giesinger, Kiran More, Jodie Odame, Amish Jain, Robert P Jankov, Patrick J McNamara
It is increasingly recognized that the abnormal physiologic consequences of pulmonary hypertension (PH) may contribute to poor cardiopulmonary health in premature babies. Conflicting literature has led to clinical uncertainty, pathological misinterpretation and variability in treatment approaches among practitioners. There are several disorders with overlapping and interrelated presentations and other disorders with a similar clinical phenotype but diverse pathophysiological contributors. In this review, we provide a diagnostic approach for acute HRF in the preterm neonate, outline the pathophysiological conditions that may present as acute PH and discuss the implications of high pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on the cardiovascular system...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820668/mental-health-and-coping-patterns-in-jewish-gay-men-in-israel-the-role-of-dual-identity-conflict-religious-identity-and-partnership-status
#3
Moshe Zeidner, Attara Zevulun
This study examined the effects of dual identity conflict, religious identity (religious/spiritual vs. sexual), and partnership status on the coping strategies and mental health of gay Jewish men in modern Israeli society. Participants were 73 religious and 71 secular gay men recruited via email, social networking sites, and online resources targeting sexual minority men. Participants were assessed via measures of identity conflict, mental health, and coping strategies. Jewish gay men who reported more severe identity conflict also reported using less problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping strategies and reported poorer mental health than their less identity-conflicted counterparts...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820498/interference-of-apoptosis-by-hepatitis-b-virus
#4
REVIEW
Shaoli Lin, Yan-Jin Zhang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes liver diseases that have been a consistent problem for human health, leading to more than one million deaths every year worldwide. A large proportion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases across the world are closely associated with chronic HBV infection. Apoptosis is a programmed cell death and is frequently altered in cancer development. HBV infection interferes with the apoptosis signaling to promote HCC progression and viral proliferation. The HBV-mediated alteration of apoptosis is achieved via interference with cellular signaling pathways and regulation of epigenetics...
August 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#5
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816488/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-child-abuse-and-environmental-stress-a-lifecourse-perspective-on-adversity-and-depressive-symptoms
#6
Cindy Sousa, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Dana Prince, Roy C Herrenkohl, M Jean Russo
There is a great deal of evidence about the mental health implications of physical child abuse and environmental stressors, or hardships that people experience at the household and neighborhood level (e.g., neighborhood violence; economic hardship, substance abuse, or conflict among family members). Yet, studies often focus on either abuse or environmental stress, not both, or examine abuse and environmental stressors as a combined set of experiences. Less is known, therefore, about how child abuse and environmental stress might work as either distinct or interrelated risks to diminish mental health over time...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814848/pathophysiological-mechanism-of-long-term-noninvasive-ventilation-in-stable-hypercapnic-patients-with-copd-using-functional-respiratory-imaging
#7
Bita Hajian, Jan De Backer, Claire Sneyers, Francisca Ferreira, Katherine C Barboza, Glenn Leemans, Wim Vos, Wilfried De Backer
INTRODUCTION: Patients with severe COPD often develop chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. Their prognosis worsens and they are more likely to develop exacerbations. This has major influence on the health-related quality of life. Currently, there is no information about the success of long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) among patients who receive NIV in acute settings. Also, little is known about the pathophysiological mechanism of NIV. METHODS: Ten Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease stage III and IV COPD patients with respiratory failure who were hospitalized following acute exacerbation were treated with NIV using a Synchrony BiPAP device for 6 months...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813362/people-have-feelings-exercise-psychology-in-paradigmatic-transition
#8
REVIEW
Panteleimon Ekkekakis
Exercise psychology has yet to produce intervention methods capable of increasing exercise and physical activity behavior in a sustainable manner. This situation is forcing a critical reevaluation of current conceptual models, especially the assumption that behavioral decisions are driven solely by the rational evaluation of information. Like other behavioral sciences, exercise psychology is transitioning to dual-process models that acknowledge the importance of non-reflective processes. Emerging evidence suggests that the pleasure or displeasure experienced during exercise may influence subsequent physical activity...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813293/effects-of-relationship-functioning-on-the-biological-experience-of-stress-and-physical-health
#9
REVIEW
Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson
In this paper, we outline how relationship functioning affects the biological experience of stress and its consequences for physical health. Negative relationship perceptions and processes, such as attachment insecurity, hostility, and frequent conflict, tend to heighten stress responses and generate worse health over time, whereas positive relationship perceptions and processes, such as responsiveness, support, and intimacy, are generally associated with reduced or buffered stress responses and improved health (with some caveats)...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812842/governance-and-capacity-to-manage-resilience-of-health-systems-towards-a-new-conceptual-framework
#10
Karl Blanchet, Sara L Nam, Ben Ramalingam, Francisco Pozo-Martin
The term resilience has dominated the discourse among health systems researchers since 2014 and the onset of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. There is wide consensus that the global community has to help build more resilient health systems. But do we really know what resilience means, and do we all have the same vision of resilience? The present paper presents a new conceptual framework on governance of resilience based on systems thinking and complexity theories. In this paper, we see resilience of a health system as its capacity to absorb, adapt and transform when exposed to a shock such as a pandemic, natural disaster or armed conflict and still retain the same control over its structure and functions...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812838/forced-migration-and-global-responsibility-for-health-comment-on-defining-and-acting-on-global-health-the-case-of-japan-and-the-refugee-crisis
#11
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Oliver Razum
Forced migration has become a world-wide phenomenon in the past century, affecting increasing numbers of countries and people. It entails important challenges from a global health perspective. Leppold et al have critically discussed the Japanese interpretation of global responsibility for health in the context of forced migration. This commentary complements their analysis by outlining three priority areas of global health responsibility for European Union (EU) countries. We highlight important stages of the migration phases related to forced migration and propose three arguments...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#12
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811098/the-governance-of-integrated-health-and-social-care-in-england-since-2010-great-expectations-not-met-once-again
#13
Mark Exworthy, Martin Powell, Jon Glasby
Integrating health and social care has long been a goal of policy-makers and practitioners. Yet, this aim has remained elusive, partly due to conflicting definitions and a weak evidence base. As part of a special edition exploring the use of the TAPIC (transparency, accountability, participation, integrity and capability) framework in different national contexts and inter-agency settings, this article examines the governance of integrated care in England since 2010, focusing on the extent to which thesefive governance attributes are applicable to integrated care in England...
August 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810962/association-between-alcohol-craving-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-veterans-with-co-occurring-conditions
#14
Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape, Xue Li, Neil Jordan
BACKGROUND: Probable alcohol use disorder (AUD), mental health disorders (MHDs), and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are endemic among U.S. Veterans of the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Previous research demonstrates that recent Veterans with AUD and MHD both with and without mTBI (MHD ± mTBI) self-report higher alcohol craving levels relative to Veterans with AUD only. Since it is unknown if alcohol craving negatively impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL), the purpose of this study is to identify and describe the relationship between alcohol craving and HRQOL for recent Veterans with AUD alone and those with AUD and co-occurring conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810838/violence-and-depression-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tanzania
#15
Lucy R Mgopa, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Pedro Pallangyo
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be at an increased risk of Violence, HIV transmission and Mental Disorders such as depression on top of many other bio-psycho-socio challenges they face as a result of their sexual orientation. METHODS: We recruited 345 MSM using a respondent driven sampling technique. Revised Conflict Tactic Scale, PHQ-9 and questions adapted from the TDHS 2010 were used to assess for violence, depression and HIV-risk behaviors respectively...
August 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810479/revenge-is-sour-but-is-forgiveness-sweet-psychological-health-and-cortisol-reactivity-among-women-with-experiences-of-abuse
#16
Renate Ysseldyk, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
This study examined the relations among women's experiences of abuse, forgiveness, revenge, psychological health, and physiological stress reactivity. Both dispositional (Study 1; N = 103) and state (Study 2; N = 258) forgiveness and vengeance were associated with psychological symptoms. However, the relation between revenge and greater depression was magnified among psychologically abused women, whereas-unexpectedly-the positive link between forgiveness and psychological health was strengthened among physically abused women...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810434/unhealthy-weight-control-strategies-an-outcome-of-body-image-and-eating-tensions-in-women-of-mexican-origin-living-in-rural-farming-communities
#17
Karen F Stein, Nicole Trabold, Kay Connelly
Unhealthy eating and weight control behaviors are important but modifiable factors that contribute to obesity in majority and minority populations. Studies suggest that these behaviors are common in Mexican American women, but most studies completed to date have focused on college enrolled Mexican American women. Little is known about body weight concerns, eating and weight control behaviors in low acculturated immigrant Mexican women. This qualitative descriptive study utilized two focus groups with 15 women to identify and describe body weight and shape perceptions, and thoughts and behaviors related to eating and weight control of low acculturated Mexican American living in disadvantaged economic situations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810372/support-and-conflict-in-relationships-and-psychological-health-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#18
Joseph S Kay, Vanessa Juth, Roxane Cohen Silver, Leonard S Sender
Perceived support and conflict between adolescents and young adults with cancer and their primary caregivers, other family, close friends, and medical staff were examined in relation to adolescents and young adults' psychological health. Adolescents and young adults ( n = 115, 51% male, ages 12-24 years, M (standard deviation)  = 16.07 (2.29)) in outpatient cancer treatment perceived more support and conflict within familial relationships than other relationships. Among familial relationships, perceived support and conflict were associated with psychological health; within other relationships, only support was associated with psychological health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810355/effects-of-a-randomized-trial-comparing-standard-and-enhanced-counseling-for-men-at-high-risk-of-prostate-cancer-as-a-function-of-race-and-monitoring-style
#19
Pagona Roussi, Suzanne M Miller, Veda N Giri, Elias Obeid, Kuang-Yi Wen, Erin K Tagai, John Scarpato, Laura Gross, Gem Roy
Despite conflicting guidelines, a significant subset of high-risk men decide to undergo routine prostate cancer screening. Yet, there is a scarcity of available programs, and no studies evaluating interventions to support men in dealing with the psychosocial impact of screening. In this study, one of the first to explore the responses of high-risk men enrolling in a Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment Program ( N = 128), patients underwent a prostate cancer risk counseling visit immediately followed by either a cognitive-affective preparation session designed to help them process the information they received or a general health education session...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807262/heavy-metal-nephropathy-considerations-for-exposure-analysis
#20
Joseph Lunyera, Stephen R Smith
Epidemiologic studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the role of heavy metal exposure in recent epidemics of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this issue of Kidney International, Tsai et al. examined the combined effects of chromium, lead, and cadmium on kidney function using data from the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. We add this report to our growing understanding of contemporary epidemics of CKD and highlight considerations for exposure analysis in CKD epidemiologic studies.
September 2017: Kidney International
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