Read by QxMD icon Read

Lung pathology, Thoracic pathology, Pleura

Jonathan P Williamson, Chris Grainge, Ahilan Parameswaran, Scott H Twaddell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to provide the theoretical and practical knowledge essential for non-radiologists to develop the skills necessary to apply thoracic ultrasound as an extension of clinical assessment and intervention. RECENT FINDINGS: Issues relating to training and competence are discussed and a library of thoracic ultrasound videos is provided to illustrate artefacts, pleural, parenchymal and pneumothorax pathology as well as important pitfalls to consider...
2017: Current Pulmonology Reports
Lina Pankratjevaite, Diana Samiatina-Morkuniene
INTRODUCTION: The presence of endometrial tissue in airways, pleura and lung parenchyma is called thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES). It is a rare pathology, and typically consists of catamenial pneumothorax, haemothorax, haemoptysis, and pulmonary nodules. We report a case of a 36-year-old woman with thoracic endometriosis causing catamenial haemothorax. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of thoracic endometriosis is complicated and often delayed. TES should be suspected in a reproductive age woman with exacerbating symptoms during the menstruation...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Silvia Mongodi, Bélaïd Bouhemad, Anita Orlando, Andrea Stella, Guido Tavazzi, Gabriele Via, Giorgio Antonio Iotti, Antonio Braschi, Francesco Mojoli
Purpose Lung Ultrasound Score (LUSS) is a useful tool for lung aeration assessment but presents two theoretical limitations. First, standard LUSS is based on longitudinal scan and detection of number/coalescence of B lines. In the longitudinal scan pleura visualization is limited by intercostal space width. Moreover, coalescence of B lines to define severe loss of aeration is not suitable for non-homogeneous lung pathologies where focal coalescence is possible. We therefore compared longitudinal vs. transversal scan and also cLUSS (standard coalescence-based LUSS) vs...
March 14, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Yusuke Muranishi, Toshihiko Sato, Yojiro Yutaka, Yasuto Sakaguchi, Teruya Komatsu, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Masahiro Hirata, Tatsuo Nakamura, Hiroshi Date
BACKGROUND: The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has substantially increased in recent years. These procedures involve the insertion of specialized devices into the thoracic cavity via access ports. However, conventional devices such as cotton-tipped applicators and graspers can limit the field of view and injure the fragile lung tissue. The aim of this study was to develop a novel lung-stabilizing device for VATS that provides a good surgical field of view without causing lung injury...
March 8, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Minoru Yamaki, Shuji Yonehara, Toshio Noriyuki
BACKGROUND: Synovial sarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of soft tissues. It occurs mainly in the extremities and is closely related to tendons, tendon sheaths, and bursal structures. Primary synovial sarcoma of the pleura and lungs is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 62-year-old man with a large synovial sarcoma of the left pleura. He presented with general fatigue and severe dyspnea. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a 20-cm tumor in the left thoracic cavity...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
Shirin Karimi, Masoud Shamaei, Mihan Pourabdollah, Makan Sadr, Mehrdad Karbasi, Arda Kiani, Moslem Bahadori
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The histological diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) has long been a diagnostic challenge in the anatomical pathology field despite availability of different laboratory methods. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) could not only confirm granulomatous tissue involvement but also demonstrate MTB antigen immunolocalization. This study tries to clarify the details of IHC staining for MTB with pAbBCG. METHODS: A total of 50 patients undergoing simultaneous biopsy and tissue culture with positive tissue culture for MTB during 2005-2009 were selected from the MRC Department at Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Ailbhe C O'Neill, Sree Harsha Tirumani, Woo S Do, Abhishek R Keraliya, Jason L Hornick, Atul B Shinagare, Nikhil H Ramaiya
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the metastatic patterns and imaging features of solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 139 patients with pathologically proven SFT, 49 of whom developed metastases. Electronic medical records and all available images were reviewed to record the pattern and imaging appearances of metastatic disease, and comparisons of thoracic SFTs and extrathoracic SFTs were also performed...
January 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Weigang Zhao, Wentao Fang
Thymoma is an epithelial neoplasm of the thymus. It commonly lies in the anterior mediastinum and represents 20-30% of mediastinal tumours in adults. In this report we present a case of giant thymoma locating in the anterior-inferior mediastinum. A 46-year-old male came to our institute with slight pectoralgia and dyspnea. Chest CT shows a giant tumor measuring 19 cm × 16 cm × 15 cm in the left thoracic cavity. After careful examination, we performed surgery. At surgery, we found the tumor was adherent to left upper lobe of the lung, mediastinal pleura, and parietal pleural...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Cheng Shen, Xin Wang, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Primary salivary gland-type tumors of lung are rare. Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) of the lung is a minor salivary gland-type tumor subtype. METHODS: We report a very rare case of EMC located in the peripheral left lower lobe that was diagnosed in a 58-year-old man and this is the first study in which we summarize all the patients with primary peripheral lung EMC concerned with the clinical features. Informed consent was obtained from the patient...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Francesca Mariani, Beatrice Gatti, Alberto Rocca, Francesca Bonifazi, Alberto Cavazza, Stefano Fanti, Sara Tomassetti, Sara Piciucchi, Venerino Poletti, Maurizio Zompatori
PURPOSE: Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare form of interstitial pneumonia, characterized by elastotic fibrosis involving the pleura and subpleural parenchyma, predominantly in the upper lobes. PPFE can be either idiopathic or secondary and mostly occurs as a late complication of lung or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of secondary forms in transplant recipients. METHODS: An expert thoracic radiologist retrospectively reviewed high-resolution computed tomography exams of 700 HSCT recipients and 53 lung transplant recipients from the database of the Radiology Department of S...
September 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
T Azrumelashvili, M Mizandari, T Dundua, D Magalashvili
Percutaneous needle biopsy of thoracic pathology has gained popularity showing a good accuracy with a less invasive procedure. The purpose of the paper is to present our experience of ultrasound and CT guided thoracic biopsy approaches regarding procedure effectiveness and complications. 398 Image guided percutaneal core biopsy procedures of thoracic pathology (mediastinum, lung, pleura, bone and soft tissue) has been performed to 380 (95.5%) patients. In 18 (4.5%) cases the repeated biopsy procedure has been performed as the obtained specimen appeared to be non-informative...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
Yoon Kyung Kim, Jeung Sook Kim, Kyung Won Lee, Chin A Yi, Jin Mo Koo, Soon-Hee Jung
OBJECTIVE: To compare the multidetector CT (MDCT) features of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and metastatic pleural disease (MPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed the MDCT images of 167 patients, 103 patients with MPM and 64 patients with MPD. All 167 cases were pathologically confirmed by sonography-guided needle biopsy of pleura, thoracoscopic pleural biopsy, or open thoracotomy. CT features were evaluated with respect to pleural effusion, pleural thickening, invasion of other organs, lung abnormality, lymphadenopathy, mediastinal shifting, thoracic volume decrease, asbestosis, and the presence of pleural plaque...
July 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Xin Yang, Dongmei Lin
Due in part to remarkable advances over the past decade in our understanding of lung cancer, particularly in area of medical oncology, molecular biology, and radiology, there is a pressing need for a revised classification, based not on pathology alone, but rather on an integrated multidisciplinary approach to classification of lung cancer. The 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus and Heart has just been published with numerous important changes from the 2004 WHO classification...
June 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Annikka Weissferdt, Cesar A Moran
Thymomas are rare tumors that usually manifest in the anterosuperior mediastinum. Occasionally, thymomas may also originate from ectopically dispersed thymic tissue and can arise in locations such as the neck, lung, or pleura or other locations in the thoracic cavity. The occurrence of thymomas in these ectopic locations can cause substantial diagnostic difficulty as the entity is almost never included in the differential diagnosis and its biphasic morphology can cause further complications during the diagnostic process...
September 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
J R Liu, W B Shen, Z Wen, R An, C J Zhou, S Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics and diagnosis of 2 cases with diffuse pulmonary lymphatic disease. METHOD: Clinical manifestations of the children were retrospectively analyzed. Two patients were both from Beijing Children Hospital in 2013 and 2014.Diffuse pulmonary lymphatic disease was diagnosed by pathology of pleura in case 1 and by lymphoscintigraphy in case 2. RESULT: The first patient was a male aged 10-year-5-month who presented with a history of pleural effusion for 2 years...
May 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Sirote Wongwaisayawan, Ruedeekorn Suwannanon, Sorravit Sawatmongkorngul, Rathachai Kaewlai
Acute thoracic symptoms are common among adults visiting emergency departments in the United States. Adults with these symptoms constitute a large burden on the overall resources used in the emergency department. The wide range of possible causes can make a definitive diagnosis challenging, even after clinical evaluation and initial laboratory testing. In addition to radiography and computed tomography, thoracic ultrasonography (US) is an alternative imaging modality that can be readily performed in real time at the patient's bedside to help diagnose many thoracic diseases manifesting acutely and in the trauma setting...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Daniel R Rissi, Kerry D Kirby, Susan Sanchez
Our study describes a case of systemic Trichosporon loubieri infection in a cat with acute dyspnea, anorexia, and aggressiveness. Physical examination revealed multiple ulcerative cutaneous lesions on the abdomen, neck, and thorax. Thoracic radiographs and ultrasound showed multiple mediastinal nodules and marked pleural effusion, respectively. A cutaneous biopsy from the ulcerated wounds revealed necrogranulomatous dermatitis and panniculitis with numerous intralesional fungal hyphae. Fungal culture on fresh swab samples from the cutaneous lesions yielded growth of a fungal organism that was further identified as Trichosporon loubieri by PCR and DNA sequencing...
May 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Szymon Wcisło, Marcin Wawrzycki, Piotr Misiak, Marian Brocki
INTRODUCTION: In this paper we present a new method of pulmonary hernia surgical treatment. Pulmonary hernia is a rare pathology. The first description of pulmonary hernia was made by Roland in 1499. The world literature describes only a little more than 300 cases of pulmonary hernia. Pulmonary hernia is defined as the projection of the lung tissue covered by the parietal pleura beyond the normal boundaries of the pleural cavity, through the pathological holes in the chest wall. During our work as thoracic surgeons, we have used different ways of thoracic chest wall reconstructive operations and anastomoses of the broken ribs...
March 2015: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Maria-Rosa Ghigna, Olaf Mercier, Sacha Mussot, Dominique Fabre, Elie Fadel, Peter Dorfmuller, Vincent Thomas de Montpreville
Thoracic endometriosis is defined as the ectopic presence of endometrial glands and stroma in lung or pleura and constitutes an uncommon cause of spontaneous pneumothorax in nonsmoker women in childbearing age. From 2000 to 2014, 18 (7.3%) women of 246 had a histologically proven endometriosis-related pneumothorax. The examination of thoracic samples was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded hematoxylin and eosin-stained slides. Immunohistochemistry was carried out on all samples. The pathologic findings included endometriosis foci appearing as a triad of endometrial glands, stroma, and hemosiderin-laden macrophages in 8 patients...
October 2015: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Ferenc Czeyda-Pommersheim, Misun Hwang, Sue Si Chen, Diane Strollo, Carl Fuhrman, Sanjeev Bhalla
Amyloidosis is a rare diverse condition caused by the pathologic extracellular deposition of abnormal insoluble proteins throughout the body. It may exist as a primary disease or, more commonly, may be secondary to a wide variety of pathologic processes ranging from chronic infection or inflammation to malignancy. Hereditary forms also exist. On the basis of the structure of the protein deposits, more than two dozen subtypes of amyloidosis have been described. A single organ or multiple organ systems may be affected...
September 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"