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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926599/effectiveness-of-a-natural-family-planning-service-program
#1
Richard J Fehring, Mary Schneider
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine and compare extended use-effectiveness of an online nurse-managed fertility education service program among women (and subgroups of women) seeking to avoid pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a 24-month prospective study of a university-based online Web site with 663 nonbreastfeeding women using an online charting system to avoid pregnancy. Participants tracked their fertility online with either cervical mucus monitoring, electronic hormonal fertility monitoring, or both fertility indicators...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925382/moving-beyond-not-enough-time-factors-influencing-paediatric-clinicians-participation-in-research
#2
Simon Paul Paget, Patrina Hy Caldwell, Joyce Murphy, Kimberley J Lilischkis, Angie M Morrow
BACKGROUND: Increasing the amount of clinical research that occurs in healthcare settings has been identified as an important mechanism to improve healthcare outcomes. While clinicians are key persons in achieving this aim, research participation amongst clinicians is generally limited. AIMS: To identify the factors (barriers and facilitators) influencing clinician research participation and determine how professional culture impacts on these factors. METHODS: Forty clinicians working at a tertiary children's hospital participated in six discipline-specific focus groups...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925097/assisted-therapy-with-dogs-in-pediatric-oncology-relatives-and-nurses-perceptions
#3
Rebeca Lima Moreira, Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Leidiane Minervina Moraes de Sabino, Jéssica Lima Benevides, Marcela Ariadne Braga Gomes Tomé, Mariana Cavalcante Martins, Mychelangela de Assis Brito
Objective: to understand the perception of nursing staff professionals and legal guardians of children and adolescents with cancer regarding Assisted Therapy with dogs. Method: qualitative study based on participant observation conducted with 16 participants in a reference hospital of child cancer. We applied an in-depth interview and interpreted the data according to a content analysis technique. Results: the practice is admittedly beneficial to participants despite the fact they do not understand its true objectives and therapeutic applications...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923381/economic-evaluation-of-artesunate-and-three-quinine-regimens-in-the-treatment-of-severe-malaria-in-children-at-the-ebolowa-regional-hospital-cameroon-a-cost-analysis
#4
Daniel Ethe Maka, Andreas Chiabi, Bolaji Obadeyi, Evelyn Mah, Séraphin Nguefack, Pamela Nana, Wilfred Mbacham, Elie Mbonda
BACKGROUND: Severe malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in under-fives in sub-Saharan Africa. Recently quinine has been replaced by artesunate as the first-line drug in the treatment of severe malaria in Cameroon. Artesunate has been shown to be cost-effective in African children, but whether these findings are transferable to Cameroonian children remains to be explored. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a cost-analysis of four different regimens used in the treatment from the perspective of the healthcare payer...
December 7, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923294/recognition-and-nursing-management-of-diabetes-in-children
#5
Polly Teuten, Sharon Holt, Sujata Edate, Siba Prosad Paul
Diabetes mellitus is a common condition in children, characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia resulting from an absolute insulin deficiency. It can present in various ways, and hospital admission may result from complications related to previously diagnosed diabetes, or from a new diagnosis. To raise awareness of the condition, Diabetes UK has launched the 4Ts campaign, which highlights the four most common symptoms of diabetes. This article discusses the different clinical presentations, diagnosis and management of children with diabetes, and includes two case studies to illustrate some of the challenges faced by emergency department nurses...
December 7, 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922920/communication-about-maternal-breast-cancer-with-children-a-qualitative-study
#6
Xiaoyan Huang, Margaret O'Connor, Yan Hu, Hongyun Gao, Susan Lee
BACKGROUND: Communication with children is a major concern for mothers with breast cancer. Chinese people have specific understanding of cancer and death, which may affect their way of communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore how Chinese mothers with breast cancer communicate about their illness with their children. METHODS: An interpretive description study was conducted. Forty mothers with nonterminal breast cancer in mainland China were interviewed individually...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920269/same-care-different-populations-return-to-learn-practices-following-concussion-in-primary-and-secondary-schools
#7
Laura S Blackwell, Anna F Robinson, Mark R Proctor, Alex M Taylor
The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of Massachusetts school nurses examining return-to-learn practices for children recovering from concussion in prekindergarten through high school. Regardless of school setting, all students received academic accommodations to support learning during recovery. School nurses perceived less benefit to prolonged cognitive rest (>4 days) for high school students relative to students in elementary school, but provided academic accommodations to them for comparatively longer periods of time (10-14 days vs 6-10 days)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919244/surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-children-a-mixed-method-study-on-healthcare-professionals-attitudes
#8
Angela Giusti, Stefania Spila Alegiani, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Sofia Colaceci, Roberto Raschetti, Pasquale Arace, Raffaele Spiazzi, Massimiliano Raponi
BACKGROUND: Qualitative and quantitative research investigating determinants of adherence to clinical guidelines (GLs) on surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) are scarce. We conducted a mixed-method study aimed at investigating barriers and at describing attitudes of healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding SAP in three Italian children's hospitals. METHODS: The study comprised two sequential phases: 1) collection of qualitative data through focus groups; 2) conduction of a survey on HCPs attitudes towards SAP...
December 5, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917768/iatrogenic-medication-errors-in-a-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-in-durban-south-africa
#9
A Gokhul, P M Jeena, A Gray
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic medication errors due to calculation errors are an under-reported concern in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and source of iatrogenic medication errors in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the PICU at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Hospital, Durban, South Africa, over a 3-month period in 2014. Medication-related calculation skills of medical practitioners and nurses were assessed through the voluntary anonymous completion of a questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917484/to-consent-or-decline-hpv-vaccination-a-pilot-study-at-the-start-of-the-national-school-based-vaccination-program-in-sweden
#10
Maria Grandahl, Tanja Tydén, Ragnar Westerling, Tryggve Nevéus, Andreas Rosenblad, Erik Hedin, Marie Oscarsson
BACKGROUND: Parents' beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination influence whether they allow their daughters to be vaccinated. We examined the association between parents' refusal and sociodemographic background, knowledge and beliefs about HPV, and the HPV vaccination in relation to the Health Belief Model. METHODS: The sample consisted of 200 (55%) parents of children aged 11-12 years in the Swedish national vaccination program. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916882/pain-in-school-patterns-of-pain-related-school-impairment-among-adolescents-with-primary-pain-conditions-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-pain-and-pain-free-peers
#11
Anna Monica Agoston, Laura S Gray, Deirdre E Logan
Children with chronic pain frequently experience impairment in the school setting, but we do not yet understand how unique these struggles are to children with primary pain conditions compared to peers with disease-related pain or those without chronic pain symptoms. The objective of this study is to examine school functioning, defined as school attendance rates, overall quality of life in the school setting, and school nurse visits among adolescents with primary pain conditions, those with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-related pain, and healthy peers...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915313/update-on-blindness-due-to-retinopathy-of-prematurity-globally-and-in-india
#12
Hannah Blencowe, Sarah Moxon, Clare Gilbert
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a well-known complication of preterm birth that can result in avoidable blindness and visual impairment, is especially sensitive to the quality of neonatal inpatient care and appropriate, well-monitored oxygen. In 2010, the annual incidence of blindness and visual impairment from ROP was estimated to be 32,200 cases worldwide. The greatest burden is seen in middle-income countries, particularly where coverage of neonatal inpatient care has expanded without due attention to the quality of care provided, and the neonatal nursing skills and training of those providing this care...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910215/stressors-of-newly-graduated-nurses-in-shanghai-paediatric-hospital-a-qualitative-study
#13
Yun Hu, Yaqing Zhang, Nanping Shen, Juemin Wu, Jia Wu, Wenche K Malmedal
AIM: To identify stressors of newly graduated paediatric nurses at a children's hospital in Shanghai, China. BACKGROUND: Stress is an international phenomenon in nursing generally, but little is known about its effect on new paediatric nurses at the Shanghai paediatric hospital. METHOD: Participants in this research were 25 newly graduated paediatric nurses. Their behaviours and perceptions were explored by field observations and interviews...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910175/postanesthesia-evaluation-of-emotional-and-psychological-satisfaction-in-a-hispanic-population
#14
Angela Zauner, Alvaro Pinilla, Daniel Benitez, Alejandra Tellez, David Romero, Ana Suarez, Vanessa López, Eduardo Hermida
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction has a positive impact on clinical care. Different strategies, such as questionnaires, have been developed to evaluate and improve patient satisfaction. A validated pediatric anesthesia questionnaire previously showed the importance of perioperative care built upon a relationship of trust between healthcare providers and children and parents, and a comfortable environment in which satisfactory answers are provided. However, the questionnaire was validated in English, and no research exists on the use of satisfaction questionnaires in Spanish...
December 2, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906732/safety-profile-of-children-in-an-enclosure-bed
#15
Eileen Sherburne, Julia A Snethen, Sheryl Kelber
PURPOSE: Pediatric nurses care for many children in the hospital setting whose behavioral challenges can impact safety. One intervention utilized to prevent injury and improve safety when caring for this population of children has been the enclosure bed. Scant information was found in the literature that discusses the use of the enclosure bed in the pediatric setting. The purpose of this article is to examine the use of the enclosure bed in the pediatric setting. A secondary aim is to identify the population of children where an enclosure bed was implemented and the safety factors associated with use of the enclosure bed...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906481/experience-and-nursing-needs-of-school-age-children-undergoing-lumbar-puncture-during-the-treatment-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-descriptive-and-qualitative-study
#16
Anwei Xie, Yuying Shan, Mei E Niu, Yi Chen, Xiya Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe experiences and nursing needs of school-age Chinese children undergoing lumbar puncture for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture is an invasive procedure, causing psychological changes and physical discomfort in patients. In a previous study, it was proved that distraction intervention, such as music therapy, relieves pain and anxiety. There is limited evidence regarding the experience and needs of school-age children during lumbar puncture after being diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#17
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905680/the-burden-of-childhood-cancer-in-mexico-implications-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
REVIEW
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Marta Zapata-Tarres, Jaime Shalkow-Klincovstein, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Alberto Olaya-Vargas, Nicole Finkelstein-Mizrahi, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardós, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer incidence and mortality have increased in the last decade. Through government actions since 2005, the Popular Medical Insurance (PMI) program for childhood cancer was created. The objective of PMI was to offer early cancer diagnosis, standardized treatment regimens, and numerous pediatric oncology residency programs. It has also accredited 55 national hospitals for the care of these children. Current problems still present under the PMI include shortage of pediatric oncologists and nurses and high rate of abandonment of treatment...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904642/disturbed-eating-behavior-in-iranian-adolescent-and-young-females-with-type-1-diabetes-compared-to-non-diabetic-peers-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Hamid Reza Roohafza, Zahra Abdeyazdan, Parvaneh Amini, Saied Pahlavanzadeh, Pedram Shokouh
BACKGROUND: An association of eating disorder with diabetes mellitus may lead to a serious lack of metabolic control, higher mortality and morbidity. There is no recent study conducted in the Iranian population about eating disorder and its variants. The aim of the present study is investigation of frequency of disturbed eating behaviors in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) compared to non-diabetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, disturbed eating behavior were evaluated and compared in two groups of 12-22 year old adolescent and young females (126 with diabetes and 325 without diabetes)...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904542/the-effect-of-brushing-with-a-soft-toothbrush-and-distilled-water-on-the-incidence-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#20
Khadijeh Nasiriani, Fakhri Torki, Mohammad Hossein Jarahzadeh, Fahimeh Rashidi Maybodi
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common nosocomial infection, which results in longer hospitalization, increased treatment costs, and higher mortality rates. One major cause of VAP is colonization and microaspiration of oropharyngeal secretions following the formation of dental plaque, which is due to poor oral hygiene and failure to mechanically remove these microorganisms from the teeth. This study was conducted to determine the effect of brushing teeth with distilled water on the incidence of VAP in patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: Tanaffos
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