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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936143/assessment-of-readiness-of-academic-emergency-departments-in-the-central-region-of-saudi-arabia-to-receive-a-sick-child
#1
Fahad Saleh Alhajjaj, Abdullah Saleh Aldamigh
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the readiness of general emergency departments (EDs) in academic hospitals in the central region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to manage pediatric patients using an international tool: The American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses Association guidelines, which include facilities, personnel, safety, and other components. METHODS: We assessed eligible centers during multiple visits from January 2016 to May 2016 in which we inspected the EDs and conducted interviews with their respective leadership in which we independently recorded our observations...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934894/factors-associated-with-unplanned-extubation-in-children-a-case-control-study
#2
Paulo Sérgio Lucas da Silva, Marcelo Cunio Machado Fonseca
PURPOSE: Although several studies assess unplanned extubation (UE) in children, few have addressed determinants of UE and factors associated with reintubation in a case-controlled manner. We aimed to identify the risk factors and outcomes associated with UE in a pediatric intensive care unit. METHODS: Cases of UE were randomly matched with control patients at a ratio of 1:4 for age, severity of illness, and admission diagnosis. For cases and controls, we also collected data associated with UE events, reintubation, and outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934053/the-peace-and-power-conceptual-model-an-assessment-guide-for-school-nurses-regarding-commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children
#3
Hannah E Fraley, Teri Aronowitz
Human trafficking is a global problem; more than half of all victims are children. In the United States (US), at-risk youth continue to attend school. School nurses are on the frontlines, presenting a window of opportunity to identify and prevent exploitation. Available papers targeting school nurses report that school nurses may lack awareness of commercial sexual exploitation and may have attitudes and misperceptions about behaviors of school children at risk. This is a theoretical paper applying the Peace and Power Conceptual Model to understand the role of school nurses in commercial sexual exploitation of children...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934044/surviving-the-loss-of-a-child-a-mexican-american-s-story
#4
Steven L Baumann, Martha Velasco-Whetsell
This paper tells the story of a mother's loss of her 10-year-old daughter from cancer. It is in part a pain and suffering narrative and a story of remarkable post-loss growth and transformation. It is a story told for busy parents and multitasking nurses, to all of us who need to relearn how to be attentive to others, particularly our children. The woman who tells the story is one of the authors (M.V.-W.); she is a Mexican-American. The paper is based on two interviews of M.V.-W., using questions similar to those used by one of the authors (S...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933226/nursing-adherence-to-ethical-codes-in-pediatric-oncology-wards
#5
Raziyeh Beykmirza, Lida Nikfarid, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Maliheh Nasiri
BACKGROUND: The nature of children's cancer comes with lots of ethical issues. Nurses are encouraged to adhere to ethical codes in their practice. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the perspectives of nurses and mothers of children with cancer regarding the adherence of nurses to ethical codes. RESEARCH DESIGN: In this descriptive-comparative study, a researcher-made questionnaire was used to assess the amount of adherence to Iranian nurses' code of ethics in perspectives of pediatric oncology nurses and mothers...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931399/principles-practices-and-knowledge-of-clinicians-when-assessing-febrile-children-a-qualitative-study-in-kenya
#6
Anneka M Hooft, Kelsey Ripp, Bryson Ndenga, Francis Mutuku, David Vu, Kimberly Baltzell, Linnet N Masese, John Vulule, Dunstan Mukoko, A Desiree LaBeaud
BACKGROUND: Clinicians in low resource settings in malaria endemic regions face many challenges in diagnosing and treating febrile illnesses in children. Given the change in WHO guidelines in 2010 that recommend malaria testing prior to treatment, clinicians are now required to expand the differential when malaria testing is negative. Prior studies have indicated that resource availability, need for additional training in differentiating non-malarial illnesses, and lack of understanding within the community of when to seek care play a role in effective diagnosis and treatment...
September 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931384/early-food-for-future-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ehealth-intervention-aiming-to-promote-healthy-food-habits-from-early-childhood
#7
Christine Helle, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Mona Linge Omholt, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health challenge. Primary prevention initiatives targeting parents have been called for to encourage a positive feeding environment and healthy eating habits that may lay a good foundation for future health. At the same time, there is a need for interventions which combine accessibility and scalability with cost effectiveness. Today's parents are extensive Internet-users, but only a few randomized controlled trials have investigated the use of Internet to promote healthy eating habits in early childhood...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929784/investigating-children-s-perception-of-nurses-through-their-drawings
#8
Nazan Çakirer Çalbayram, Sebahat Altundağ, Bahise Aydin
Hospitalized children can have various fantasies about hospital, health staff, and related tools and equipment. They need to develop new coping strategies for compliance with hospitalization.This study aimed to investigate the perception of nurses by children with acute and chronic illness through their drawings. The study was carried out using a descriptive research model. "Nurses through the eyes of sick children data collection form" was used in data collection procedure. The instruction "draw a picture of a nurse, please" was used to get the children to draw a picture...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929572/addressing-the-support-needs-of-families-during-the-acute-hospitalization-of-a-parent-with-mental-illness-a-narrative-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Karen P Foster, Danny Hills, Kim N Foster
Hospitalisation of a parent with acute mental health problems impacts the consumer, their extended family/carers and children. Mental health nurses are at the forefront of promoting recovery for consumers in an acute inpatient setting. Recovery-oriented care can include provision of family-focused care which supports recovery of the parent-consumer and their family members and contributes to prevention of intergenerational mental illness. The aim of this narrative literature review was to explore existing knowledge regarding the experiences, care and support needs of parent-consumers, their family members/carers and children during the parent's acute mental health hospitalisation...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928262/the-use-of-speaking-valves-in-children-with-tracheostomy-tubes-what-is-the-scope-of-the-literature
#10
Weeda Zabih, Theresa Holler, Faiza Syed, Laurie Russell, Jennifer Allegro, Reshma Amin
One-way speaking valves have been successfully used to restore audible meaningful speech in adult patients after tracheostomy tube placement. One-way speaking valves have also been used in pediatric patients after tracheostomy tube placement with promising results. We conducted a scoping review to synthesize and summarize the current evidence on the use of one-way tracheostomy tube speaking valves in the pediatric population to identify knowledge gaps that could inform future research programs and facilitate evidence-based clinical decision making...
September 19, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928194/diagnostic-validity-of-early-onset-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-the-danish-psychiatric-central-register-findings-from-a-cohort-sample
#11
Judith Nissen, Shelagh Powell, Susanne V Koch, James J Crowley, Manuel Matthiesen, Dorothy E Grice, Per H Thomsen, E Parner
OBJECTIVES: Employing national registers for research purposes depends on a high diagnostic validity. The aim of the present study was to examine the diagnostic validity of recorded diagnoses of early-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register (DPCR). DESIGN: Review of patient journals selected randomly through the DPCR. METHOD: One hundred cases of OCD were randomly selected from DPCR. Using a predefined coding scheme based on the Children's Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CYBOCS), experienced research nurse or child and adolescent psychiatrists assessed each journal to determine the presence/absence of OCD diagnostic criteria...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927980/william-ladd-before-the-halifax-explosion
#12
REVIEW
Don K Nakayama
Legend holds that treating the hundreds of children injured in the Halifax explosion of December 6, 1917, compelled Dr. William E. Ladd (1880-1967) to dedicate his career to the surgical care of infants and children. However, he had made the commitment to be a pediatric surgeon several years before when he joined the voluntary staff of the Children's Hospital of Boston in 1910. In the years before Halifax, he was among the vanguard of American surgeons who brought the mortality of intussusception to 45% from 90%, and of pyloric stenosis to 15% from 60%...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926150/facilitation-of-child-health-research-in-hospital-settings-the-views-of-nurses
#13
J Brown, O Barr, M Lindsay, E Ennis, S O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Child health research in clinical practice is increasing throughout the UK. Nurses and midwives facilitate access to patients, enact research study protocols and have a critical role in parental decisions to enrol children into research studies. Little is known about their perception of this process. AIMS & OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of nurses towards child health research and to identify factors influencing their willingness to facilitate it in practice...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925556/national-allergy-programme-had-little-impact-on-parent-reported-food-allergies-in-children-aged-6-7-years
#14
Sauli Palmu, Paula Heikkilä, Virpi Uski, Siina Niitty, Sari Kurikka, Matti Korppi
AIM: The ten-year Finnish national allergy programme was launched in 2008 to lessen the disease and psychological burden of allergy. This study assessed the prevalence of parent-reported food allergies requiring avoidance diets at primary school in children aged six and seven years. METHODS: The cohort comprised 1,937 children (51% boys) who started primary school in Tampere, Finland in August 2016. School health nurses charted parent-reported, doctor-diagnosed food allergies requiring avoidance diets as part of the routine health examination...
September 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924390/how-school-nurses-experience-and-understand-everyday-pain-among-adolescents
#15
Magnhild Høie, Kristin Haraldstad, Gudrun Rohde, Liv Fegran, Thomas Westergren, Sølvi Helseth, Åshild Slettebø, Berit Johannessen
BACKGROUND: Pain problems are a rapidly growing health problem found among both children and adolescent, and about 15-30% have reported chronic pain problems. School nurses in Norway meet adolescents with various ailments, including pain. Yet research on how school nurses perceive the pain experienced by adolescents is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore how school nurses explain and experience the everyday pain of adolescents. METHOD: A qualitative study with an explorative design comprising five focus group interviews...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921759/a-pedagogical-framework-for-facilitating-parents-learning-in-nurse-parent-partnership
#16
Nick Hopwood, Teena Clerke, Anne Nguyen
Nursing work increasingly demands forms of expertise that complement specialist knowledge. In child and family nursing, this need arises when nurses work in partnership with parents of young children at risk. Partnership means working with parents in respectful, negotiated and empowering ways. Existing partnership literature emphasises communicative and relational skills, but this paper focuses on nurses' capacities to facilitate parents' learning. Referring to data from home visiting, day-stay and specialist toddler clinic services in Sydney, a pedagogical framework is presented...
September 17, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921482/analysis-of-gender-based-differences-among-surgeons-in-japan-results-of-a-survey-conducted-by-the-japan-surgical-society-part-2-personal-life
#17
Kazumi Kawase, Kyoko Nomura, Ryuji Tominaga, Hirotaka Iwase, Tomoko Ogawa, Ikuko Shibasaki, Mitsuo Shimada, Tomoaki Taguchi, Emiko Takeshita, Yasuko Tomizawa, Sachiyo Nomura, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Tomoko Hanashi, Hiroko Yamashita, Norihiro Kokudo, Kotaro Maeda
PURPOSE: To assess the true conditions and perceptions of the personal lives of men and women working as surgeons in Japan. METHODS: In 2014, all e-mail subscribed members of the Japan Surgical Society (JSS, n = 29,861) were invited to complete a web-based survey. The questions covered demographic information, work environment, and personal life (including marital status, childcare, and nursing care for adult family members). RESULTS: In total, 6211 surgeons (5586 men and 625 women) returned the questionnaires, representing a response rate of 20...
September 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919821/prevalence-of-fertility-desire-and-its-associated-factors-among-15-to-49-year-old-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-design
#18
Takele Menna Adilo, Hirut Megerssa Wordofa
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of unprotected sex to satisfy the desire for fertility among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) may rise more due to the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in most HIV-affected countries. This could, however, have the risk of passing on HIV to sexual partners and children. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine the magnitude and factors associated with the fertility desire of reproductive-age PLHIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for research-based and timely actions...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919277/-accomplices-under-influence-teachers-lovers-incestigators-or-pimps%C3%A2-who-are-females-child-abusers
#19
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Nematollah Jaafari
According to victimization surveys, the percentage of females among child abusers is much higher than 2 or 5% as usually reported in the devoted literature. The under-estimated percentage of child sexual abuses committed by females would result from the dissimulation of sexual acts within nursing care, a gender bias in favor of women among child protection system professionals and low disclosures. Sexual abuses committed by females are often more harmful for children than sexual abuses committed by males. Although a few female child abusers suffers from psychiatric disorders, most of them are psychologically and emotionally dependent from a man or have psychopathic, manipulative and sometimes sadistic personality traits...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918398/nursing-and-midwifery-council-registration-for-overseas-children-s-nurses-a-perfect-storm
#20
EDITORIAL
Elizabeth Biggart, Alison Twycross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
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