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A S Stoyukhina, N V Zhorzholadze, S S Danilov
The article presents a clinical case of torpedo maculopathy. This congenital disorder is most likely to be caused by changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) during retinal fissure closure. Visual function is usually unaffected and the condition is revealed at routine ophthalmic examination in children and teens. Optical coherence tomography showed the absence of RPE, photoreceptor damage, and massive thinning of the outer nuclear layer at the diseased site without a significant change in the total retinal thickness...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
B Bhoyrul, J Paulus
Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS) is a rare acquired disorder characterized by macu-lar pigmentation of the lips and oral mucosa, with frequent longitudinal melanonychia. Involvement of other areas, such as the genitalia and fingers, has rarely been described. LHS is a benign condition with no known systemic manifestations. We report the case of a woman who developed melanotic macules on her fingers and elbow 16 years after the onset of pigmentation of her lips. This unusual feature of LHS in our patient was associated with irritant contact dermatitis and viral warts...
April 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Shengming Sun, Xianping Ge, Jian Zhu, Fujun Xuan, Xiaojun Jiang
Aquatic organisms possess cellular detoxification systems to deal with pollutants. To explore the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in response to nitrite on oxidative stress defenses and the antioxidant system in Megalobrama amblycephala, the full length cDNA sequences were determined for three antioxidant-related genes, namely catalase (MaCAT), selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (MaGPx1) and Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (MaCu/Zn-SOD). Encoded polypeptides that exhibited high identity and similarity with corresponding proteins in other fish species...
January 2014: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Fiona Oi-Jing Luk, Carmen Kar-Mun Chan, Timothy Yuk-Yau Lai
PURPOSE: To report a case of dengue maculopathy, which resolved spontaneously without treatment. METHODS: A 25-year-old female patient with good past health was admitted to a general hospital in Hong Kong with fever of unknown origin after traveling to Indonesia. Based on the clinical features and a positive real-time polymerase chain reaction for dengue virus type 1, she was diagnosed with dengue fever. The patient developed dengue macu-lopathy mainly affecting the vision of her left eye...
May 2013: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Mohammad Akhoundi, Asad Mirzaei, Ahmad Baghaei, Bulent Alten, Jerome Depaquit
An entomological study was conducted from June to September, 2010 in rural regions of Azarbayjan-e-sharqi, Azarbayjan-e-qarbi, and Ardabil provinces in northwestern Iran to determine sand fly fauna, diversity, and distribution in different habitats and altitudes using both sticky papers and light traps. Geographical distribution of sand flies and the similarity of populations in different locations were analyzed ecologically based on the Shannon-Wiener Index and Jacard Coefficient, respectively. A total of 3,982 specimens was collected and sixteen species recorded...
June 2013: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Weng T Ng, Michael Goggin
BACKGROUND: The age-related eye disease study suggested that taking zinc and anti-oxidants supplements could reduce the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In Australia, the available supplement is Macu-Vision. The study aimed to assess the awareness of and compliance with taking this supplement and the public health implication. METHODS: The fundus photograph database of patients aged 55 years and older at the ophthalmology department of a public teaching hospital in Adelaide, Australia was reviewed...
January 2006: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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