Read by QxMD icon Read

high jump

Ivan Vrbik, Goran Sporiš, Lovro Štefan, Dejan Madić, Nebojša Trajković, Irena Valantine, Zoran Milanović
PURPOSE: The number of familiarization sessions in fitness assessments seems to be critical and inconsistent. Therefore, the primary aim of this research was to determine the number of familiarization attempts that stabilize the results in particular physical fitness tests. The secondary aim was to establish the test reliability through familiarization sessions. METHODS: Thirty-nine primary school children participated in this research (age: 10.8 years, body mass: 40...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Kai Yang, Gangfeng Liu, Jihong Yan, Tao Wang, Xinbin Zhang, Jie Zhao
The highly efficient and agile water-surface locomotion of water striders has attracted substantial research attention. Compared with imitating the horizontal rowing motion, imitating the jumping capability of water striders is much more challenging because the strong interaction in the jumping process easily causes the robot to sink. This study focuses on designing a miniature robot capable of continuously jumping on the water surface. A spring-based actuating mechanism is proposed to produce a large jumping force...
October 21, 2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Aleksandra Biedrzycka, Alvaro Sebastian, Magdalena Migalska, Helena Westerdahl, Jacek Radwan
Characterisation of highly duplicated genes, such as genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), where multiple loci often co-amplify, has until recently been hindered by insufficient read depths per amplicon. Here we used ultra-deep Illumina sequencing to resolve genotypes at exon 3 of MHC class I genes in the sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus). We sequenced 24 individuals in two replicates and used this data, as well as a simulated dataset, to test the effect of amplicon coverage (range: 500-20 000 reads per amplicon) on the repeatability of genotyping using four different genotyping approaches...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Ecology Resources
Nir Kampf, Chunxian Wu, Yilin Wang, Jacob Klein
The surface structure of the trimeric surfactant tri(dodecyldimethylammonioacetoxy)-diethyltriamine trichloride (DTAD) on mica, and the interactions between two such DTAD-coated surfaces were determined using atomic force microscopy and a surface force balance. In an aqueous solution of 3 mM, five times the critical aggregation concentration (CAC), the surfaces are coated with worm-like micelles or hemi-micelles and larger (ca. 80 nm) bilayer vesicles. Repulsive normal interactions between the surfaces indicate a net surface charge and a solution concentration of ions close to that expected from the CAC...
October 19, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Atsushi Imai, Koji Kaneoka
BACKGROUND: Although it is believed that trunk function is important for athletic performance, few researchers have demonstrated a significant relationship between the trunk function and athletic performance. Recently, the prone plank and side plank tests have been used to assess trunk function. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between trunk endurance plank tests and athletic performance tests, including whether there is a relationship between long distance running and trunk endurance plank tests in adolescent male soccer players...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Cecilia C S Yeung, H Joachim Deeg, Colin Pritchard, David Wu, Min Fang
Jumping translocations (JT) have been identified in numerous malignancies, including leukemia, but infrequently in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The responsible genetic region has been mapped to the JTB gene at 1q21, but breakpoints involving other chromosomal loci, such as 3q and 11q, have been described as well. We have characterized the pathological and mutational landscape, and the clinical course of 6 new MDS patients with jumping mutations using chromosome genomic array testing (CGAT) and target gene panel next generation sequencing...
September 2016: Cancer Genetics
Erika Zemková, Michal Jeleň, Peter Schickhofer, Dušan Hamar
: Background/Study Context: The study estimates the reliability of peak velocity and peak power during chair rising and chair jumping tests and their ability to discriminate between different age and physical activity level groups. METHODS: Physically active and sedentary individuals (N = 262) of different ages (young: 22.9 ± 2.0 years, range: 21-25 years; older: 63.1 ± 1.8 years, range: 61-65 years) performed, in random order, chair rising and chair jumping tests on a force plate...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
Sandra Silva-Santos, Amanda Santos, Susana Vale, Jorge Mota
The aim of this study was to examine the association between motor fitness (MF) and obesity status in preschool children. The sample comprised 467 children aged 3-6 years. Preschool children body mass index was classified according to International Obesity Task Force and categorised into three levels, normal, overweight and obesity. Total physical activity was assessed by accelerometer and MF test was assessed through two MF tests 10 × 5m shuttle run test (SRT) and a 7 m jumping distance on 2 feet test (J2F)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
W M J Franssen, Y L A Rezus, A P M Kentgens
Owing to the introduction of microcoils, high RF field strength nutation NMR is a viable candidate for the study of quadrupolar nuclei with strong quadrupolar couplings, not accessible using contemporary NMR techniques. We show powder (23)Na nutation spectra on sodium nitrite for RF field strengths of up to 1170kHz, that conform to theoretical predictions. For lanthanum fluoride powder, (139)La nutation spectra taken at elevated RF field amplitudes show clear discrepancies when compared to the theory. These errors are shown to be mainly caused by pulse transients at the end of the pulse, which proved to be detrimental to the shape of the nutation spectra...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Laura László, Balázs Sarkadi, Tamás Hegedűs
ABCG2/BCRP is a membrane protein, involved in xenobiotic and endobiotic transport in key pharmacological barriers and drug metabolizing organs, in the protection of stem cells, and in multidrug resistance of cancer. Pharmacogenetic studies implicated the role of ABCG2 in response to widely used medicines and anticancer agents, as well as in gout. Its Q141K variant exhibits decreased functional expression thus increased drug accumulation and decreased urate secretion. Still, there has been no reliable molecular model available for this protein, as the published structures of other ABC transporters could not be properly fitted to the ABCG2 topology and experimental data...
2016: PloS One
André Klostermann, Philip Küng
PURPOSE: This study aimed to further the knowledge on gaze behavior in locomotion by studying gaze strategies in skateboard jumps of different difficulty that had to be performed either with or without an obstacle. METHOD: Nine experienced skateboarders performed "Ollie" and "Kickflip" jumps either over an obstacle or over a plane surface. The stable gaze at 5 different areas of interest was calculated regarding its relative duration as well as its temporal order...
October 12, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Henry C Astley
Anuran jumping is a model system for linking muscle physiology to organismal performance. However, anuran species display substantial diversity in their locomotion, with some species performing powerful leaps from riverbanks or tree branches, while other species move predominantly via swimming, short hops or even diagonal-sequence gaits. Furthermore, many anurans with similar locomotion and morphology are actually convergent (e.g. multiple independent evolutions of 'tree frogs'), while closely related species may differ drastically, as with the walking toad (Melanophryniscus stelzneri) and bullfrog-like river toad (Phrynoides aspera) compared with other Bufonid toads...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
Erik Monasterio, Omer Mei-Dan, Anthony C Hackney, Amy R Lane, Igor Zwir, Sandor Rozsa, C Robert Cloninger
This is the first report of the psychobiology of stress in BASE jumpers, one of the most dangerous forms of extreme sport. We tested the hypotheses that indicators of emotional style (temperament) predict salivary cortisol reactivity, whereas indicators of intentional goal-setting (persistence and character) predict salivary alpha-amylase reactivity during BASE jumping. Ninety-eight subjects completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) the day before the jump, and 77 also gave salivary samples at baseline, pre-jump on the bridge over the New River Gorge, and post-jump upon landing...
September 29, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
M L Ackerman, P Kumar, M Neek-Amal, P M Thibado, F M Peeters, Surendra Singh
We report subnanometer, high-bandwidth measurements of the out-of-plane (vertical) motion of atoms in freestanding graphene using scanning tunneling microscopy. By tracking the vertical position over a long time period, a 1000-fold increase in the ability to measure space-time dynamics of atomically thin membranes is achieved over the current state-of-the-art imaging technologies. We observe that the vertical motion of a graphene membrane exhibits rare long-scale excursions characterized by both anomalous mean-squared displacements and Cauchy-Lorentz power law jump distributions...
September 16, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Javier-David Lopez-Morinigo, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Beatriz Torres-Romano, Andrea C Fernandes, Hitesh Shetty, Matthew Broadbent, Maria-Encarnacion Dominguez-Ballesteros, Robert Stewart, Anthony S David, Rina Dutta
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of risk assessment in predicting suicide in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) receiving secondary mental healthcare. We postulated that risk assessment plays a limited role in predicting suicide in these patients. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Anonymised electronic mental health record data from the South London and Maudsley National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust (SLaM) (London, UK) linked with national mortality data...
2016: BMJ Open
P Gale
The host reservoir of Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) remains elusive. One suggestion is that EBOV emerges in mammals when the precursor virus jumps from mayflies (or other riverine insects) to insectivorous bats. However, this does not fit with the current view that filoviruses cannot infect arthropods. Here, it is first argued that the evidence that arthropods are refractory is not definitive. Second, it is proposed that a combination of filovirus filament length and the high temperature (~42°C) experienced by an insect virus ingested by a flying bat, together with the large number of insects eaten by bats (e...
September 26, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Timothy J Suchomel, Jason P Lake, Paul Comfort
The purpose of this study was to compare the load absorption force-time characteristics of weightlifting catching and pulling derivatives. Twelve resistance-trained men performed repetitions of the hang power clean (HPC), jump shrug (JS), and hang high pull (HHP) on a force platform with 30, 45, 65, and 80% of their one repetition maximum (1RM) HPC. Load absorption phase duration, mean force, and work were calculated from the force-time data. The HHP produced a significantly longer load absorption phase duration compared to the HPC (p < 0...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Xiucheng Liu, Bin Wu, Fei Qin, Cunfu He, Qiang Han
Ultrasonic guided wave (UGW) is a promising technique for nondestructive testing of pre-stressed multi-wire structures, such as steel strand and wire rope. The understanding of the propagation behaviours of UGW in these structures is a priority to applications. In the present study, first the properties of the UGW missing frequency band in the pre-stressed seven-wire steel strand is experimentally examined. The high correlation between the observed results and the previously published findings proves the feasibility of the magnetostrictive sensor (MsS) based testing method...
August 24, 2016: Ultrasonics
Hagen Heinrich Scherb, Kuniyoshi Mori, Keiji Hayashi
Descriptive observational studies showed upward jumps in secular European perinatal mortality trends after Chernobyl. The question arises whether the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident entailed similar phenomena in Japan. For 47 prefectures representing 15.2 million births from 2001 to 2014, the Japanese government provides monthly statistics on 69,171 cases of perinatal death of the fetus or the newborn after 22 weeks of pregnancy to 7 days after birth. Employing change-point methodology for detecting alterations in longitudinal data, we analyzed time trends in perinatal mortality in the Japanese prefectures stratified by exposure to estimate and test potential increases in perinatal death proportions after Fukushima possibly associated with the earthquake, the tsunami, or the estimated radiation exposure...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
E Rindom, M H Nielsen, K Kececi, M E Jensen, K Vissing, J Farup
PURPOSE: The present study investigated the effects of high- versus low-quality protein supplementation on the regain of exercise performance during recovery from a period of high-intensity resistance training. METHODS: In a diet-controlled crossover study, 12 resistance-trained participants performed two identical training periods, with each training period including four sessions of high-intensity resistance exercise during 5 days, while receiving either high- or low-quality protein...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"