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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792668/an-out-of-plane-ionic-conductivity-measurement-configuration-for-high-throughput-experiments
#1
Ruiyun Huang, Christopher J Kucharczyk, Yangang Liang, Xiaohang Zhang, Ichiro Takeuchi, Sossina M Haile
An approach for measuring conductivity of thin-film electrolytes in an out-of-plane configuration, amenable to high-throughput experimentation, is presented. A comprehensive analysis of the geometric requirements for success is performed. Using samaria-doped ceria (Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9, SDC) excellent agreement between bulk samples and thin films with continuous and patterned electrodes, 100-500 m in diameter, is demonstrated. Films were deposited on conductive Nb-doped SrTiO3, and conductivity measured by A.C...
May 24, 2018: ACS Combinatorial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790996/dna-methylation-and-inflammation-marker-profiles-associated-with-a-history-of-depression
#2
Bethany Crawford, Zoe Craig, Georgina Mansell, Isobel White, Adam Smith, Steve Spaull, Jennifer Imm, Eilis Hannon, Andrew Wood, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Yingjie Ji, Niamh Mullins, Cathryn M Lewis, Jonathan Mill, Therese M Murphy
Depression is a common and disabling disorder, representing a major social and economic health issue. Moreover, depression is associated with the progression of diseases with an inflammatory etiology including many inflammatory-related disorders. At the molecular level, the mechanisms by which depression might promote the onset of these diseases and associated immune-dysfunction are not well understood. In this study we assessed genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation in whole blood-derived DNA obtained from individuals with a self-reported history of depression (n = 100) and individuals without a history of depression (n = 100) using the Illumina 450K microarray...
May 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788144/prior-knowledge-guides-speech-segregation-in-human-auditory-cortex
#3
Yuanye Wang, Jianfeng Zhang, Jiajie Zou, Huan Luo, Nai Ding
Segregating concurrent sound streams is a computationally challenging task that requires integrating bottom-up acoustic cues (e.g. pitch) and top-down prior knowledge about sound streams. In a multi-talker environment, the brain can segregate different speakers in about 100 ms in auditory cortex. Here, we used magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings to investigate the temporal and spatial signature of how the brain utilizes prior knowledge to segregate 2 speech streams from the same speaker, which can hardly be separated based on bottom-up acoustic cues...
May 18, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787896/comparison-of-high-pressure-homogenization-and-stirred-bead-milling-for-the-production-of-nano-crystalline-suspensions
#4
Mostafa Nakach, Jean-René Authelin, Marc-Antoine Perrin, Harivardhan Reddy Lakkireddy
Currently, the two technologies primarily used for the manufacturing of nano-crystalline suspensions using top down process (i.e. wet milling) are high pressure homogenization (HPH) and stirred bead milling (SBM). These two technologies are based upon different mechanisms, i.e., cavitation forces for HPH and shear forces for stirred bead milling. In this article, the HPH and SBM technologies are compared in terms of the impact of the suspension composition the process parameters and the technological configuration on milling performances and physical quality of the suspensions produced...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787248/efficient-n-doping-and-hole-blocking-in-single-walled-carbon-nanotube-transistors-with-1-2-4-5-tetrakis-tetramethyl-guanidino-benzene
#5
Severin Schneider, Maximilian Brohmann, Roxana Lorenz, Yvonne J Hofstetter, Marcel Rother, Eric Sauter, Michael Zharnikov, Yana Vaynzof, Hans-Joerg Himmel, Jana Zaumseil
Efficient, stable and solution-based n-doping of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is highly desired for complementary circuits but remains a significant challenge. Here we present 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(tetramethyl-guanidino)benzene (ttmgb) as a strong two-electron donor that enables the fabrication of purely n-type SWCNT field-effect transistors (FETs). We apply ttmgb to networks of monochiral, semiconducting (6,5) SWCNTs that show intrinsic ambipolar behavior in bottom-contact/top-gate FETs and obtain unipolar n-type transport with 3 to 5 fold enhancement of electron mobilities (approx...
May 22, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784232/the-aftermath-of-suicide-a-qualitative-study-with-guyanese-families
#6
Carla J Groh, Maureen Anthony, Jean Gash
INTRODUCTION: The suicide rate in Guyana was five times higher than the world average in 2014 (WHO) which puts Guyana at the top of the list with 44.2 per 100,000 people, the highest suicide rate in the world. For every completed suicide, there are survivors who experience high levels of psychological, physical, and social distress, and report feelings of guilt, shame, social stigma, and search for meaning. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how family members coped and understand the suicide of their loved one, and to determine what resources were available to help them during this transition...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782679/mos-2-negative-capacitance-field-effect-transistors-with-subthreshold-swing-below-the-physics-limit
#7
Xingqiang Liu, Renrong Liang, Guoyun Gao, Caofeng Pan, Chunsheng Jiang, Qian Xu, Jun Luo, Xuming Zou, Zhenyu Yang, Lei Liao, Zhong Lin Wang
The Boltzmann distribution of electrons induced fundamental barrier prevents subthreshold swing (SS) from less than 60 mV dec-1 at room temperature, leading to high energy consumption of MOSFETs. Herein, it is demonstrated that an aggressive introduction of the negative capacitance (NC) effect of ferroelectrics can decisively break the fundamental limit governed by the "Boltzmann tyranny". Such MoS2 negative-capacitance field-effect transistors (NC-FETs) with self-aligned top-gated geometry demonstrated here pull down the SS value to 42...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780886/efficient-and-stable-silicon-microwire-photocathodes-with-a-nickel-silicide-interlayer-for-operation-in-strongly-alkaline-solutions
#8
Wouter Vijselaar, Roald M Tiggelaar, Han Gardeniers, Jurriaan Huskens
Most photoanodes commonly applied in solar fuel research (e.g., of Fe2 O3 , BiVO4 , TiO2 , or WO3 ) are only active and stable in alkaline electrolytes. Silicon (Si)-based photocathodes on the other hand are mainly studied under acidic conditions due to their instability in alkaline electrolytes. Here, we show that the in-diffusion of nickel into a 3D Si structure, upon thermal annealing, yields a thin (sub-100 nm), defect-free nickel silicide (NiSi) layer. This has allowed us to design and fabricate a Si microwire photocathode with a NiSi interlayer between the catalyst and the Si microwires...
May 11, 2018: ACS Energy Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779262/-salivary-exrna-biomarkers-to-detect-gingivitis-and-monitor-disease-regression
#9
Karolina Elżbieta Kaczor-Urbanowicz, Harsh M Trivedi, Patricia O Lima, Paulo M Camargo, William V Giannobile, Tristan R Grogan, Frederico O Gleber-Netto, Yair Whiteman, Feng Li, Hyo Jung Lee, Karan Dharia, Katri Aro, Carmen Martin Carerras-Presas, Saarah Amuthan, Manjiri Vartak, David Akin, Hiba Al-Adbullah, Kanika Bembey, Perry R Klokkevold, David Elashoff, Virginia Monsul Barnes, Rose Richter, William DeVizio, James G Masters, David Wong
AIM: This study tests the hypothesis that salivary extracellular RNA (exRNA) biomarkers can be developed for gingivitis detection and monitoring disease regression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Salivary exRNA biomarker candidates were developed from a total of 100 gingivitis and non-gingivitis individuals using Affymetrix's expression microarrays. The top ten differentially expressed exRNAs were tested in a clinical cohort to determine if the discovered salivary exRNA markers for gingivitis were associated with clinical gingivitis and disease regression...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772023/prepartum-supplementation-of-conjugated-linoleic-acids-cla-increased-milk-energy-output-and-decreased-serum-fatty-acids-and-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-in-early-lactation-dairy-cows
#10
Rafael Caputo Oliveira, Ryan S Pralle, Lucas C de Resende, Carlos Henrique P C Nova, Valentina Caprarulo, Joshua A Jendza, Arnulf Troescher, Heather M White
Prepartum supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) may influence lipolysis and hyperketonemia in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of prepartum CLA supplementation on lactation performance and serum fatty acids (FA) and β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in early lactation dairy cows, and secondarily on reproductive performance. Multiparous cows were enrolled in the study at 18 days prior to expected calving date, and randomly assigned 100 g/day of Lutrell Pure (BASF, Ludwigshafen, Germany; 75% FA), providing 10 g/day of each CLA isomer (trans-10 cis-12 and cis-9 trans-11 CLA) or equivalent amount of rumen inert fatty acids as control (78 g/day of Energy Booster 100; Milk Specialties Global, Eden Prairie, MN)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770123/what-if-low-back-pain-is-the-most-prevalent-parkinsonism-in-the-world
#11
Jesse V Jacobs, Sharon M Henry, Fay B Horak
Low back pain (LBP) has a point prevalence of nearly 10% and ranks highest in global disease burden for years lived with disability; Parkinson's disease (PD) ranks in the top 100 most disabling health conditions for years lost and years lived with disability (1). Recent evidence suggests that people with chronic, recurrent LBP exhibit many postural impairments reminiscent of a neurological postural disorder such as PD. We compare and contrast postural impairments associated with LBP and PD in order to inform treatment strategies for both conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769489/pattern-of-disease-among-patients-attending-cardiology-outpatient-department-of-a-private-hospital-of-mymensingh-bangladesh
#12
G K Paul, B Sen, M K Khan, T K Bhowmik, T A Khan, A K Roy
Epidemiologic transition is taking place in every part of the world. Cardiovascular diseases became the most common cause of death accounting for 30% of deaths worldwide, with 80% of the burden now occurring in developing countries. The objective of the study was to assess the Pattern of disease among patients attending Cardiology outpatient department of a private hospital. The cross sectional descriptive type of observational study was conducted among 550 patients attending Cardiology outpatient department (COPD) of Sodesh Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from March 2016 to June 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766807/first-total-synthesis-of-%C3%AF-phenyl-%C3%AF-6-fatty-acids-and-their-leishmanicidal-and-anticancer-properties
#13
Nestor M Carballeira, Christian Morales-Guzman, Ester Alvarez-Benedicto, Zally Torres-Martinez, Yamixa Delgado-Reyes, Kai H Griebenow, Arthur D Tinoco, Rosa M Reguera, Yolanda Perez-Pertejo, Ruben Carbajo-Andres, Rafael Balana-Fouce
The first total synthesis of -phenyl 6 fatty acids (FA) and their cytotoxicity (A549) and leishmanicidal (L. infantum) activities are described. The novel 16-phenyl-6-hexadecynoic acid (1) and the known 16-phenylhexadecanoic acid (2) were synthesized in 7-8 steps with overall yields of 46 % and 41 %, respectively. The syntheses of the unprecedented 10-phenyl-6-decynoic acid (3), 10-cyclohexyl-6-decynoic acid (4) and 10-(4-methoxyphenyl)-6-decynoic acid (5) was also performed in 3 steps with 73-76 % overall yields...
May 16, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764482/healthcare-costs-and-utilization-associated-with-high-risk-prescription-opioid-use-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Hsien-Yen Chang, Hadi Kharrazi, Dave Bodycombe, Jonathan P Weiner, G Caleb Alexander
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on high-risk opioid use have only focused on patients diagnosed with an opioid disorder. This study evaluates the impact of various high-risk prescription opioid use groups on healthcare costs and utilization. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using QuintilesIMS health plan claims with independent variables from 2012 and outcomes from 2013. We included a population-based sample of 191,405 non-elderly adults with known sex, one or more opioid prescriptions, and continuous enrollment in 2012 and 2013...
May 16, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763751/integration-of-summary-data-from-gwas-and-eqtl-studies-identified-novel-causal-bmd-genes-with-functional-predictions
#15
Xiang-He Meng, Xiang-Ding Chen, Jonathan Greenbaum, Qin Zeng, Sheng-Lan You, Hong-Mei Xiao, Li-Jun Tan, Hong-Wen Deng
PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is a common global health problem characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of fracture. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >100 genetic loci associated with BMD. However, the functional genes responsible for most associations remain largely unknown. We conducted an innovative summary statistic data-based Mendelian randomization (SMR) analysis to identify novel causal genes associated with BMD and explored their potential functional significance...
May 12, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762608/fabrication-of-controllably-variable-sub-100-nm-gaps-in-silver-nanowires-by-photothermal-induced-stress
#16
Pintu Ghosh, Jinsheng Lu, Hao Luo, Ziquan Xu, Xiaoyuan Yan, Yewu Wang, Jun Lu, Min Qiu, Qiang Li
A technique to fabricate nanogaps with controllably variable gap width in silver (Ag) nanowires (NWs) by photothermal-induced stress utilizing a focused continuous-wave laser (532 nm) is presented. For the case of an Ag NW on gold thin film, a gap width starting from ∼20  nm is achieved with a critical minimum power (CMP) of about 160 mW, whereas in the case of an Ag NW placed on top of a zinc oxide NW, the attained gap width is as small as a few nm (<10  nm) with a CMP of only ∼100  mW...
May 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762100/top-down-control-of-alpha-phase-adjustment-in-anticipation-of-temporally-predictable-visual-stimuli
#17
Rodolfo Solís-Vivanco, Ole Jensen, Mathilde Bonnefond
Alpha oscillations (8-14 Hz) are proposed to represent an active mechanism of functional inhibition of neuronal processing. Specifically, alpha oscillations are associated with pulses of inhibition repeating every ∼100 msec. Whether alpha phase, similar to alpha power, is under top-down control remains unclear. Moreover, the sources of such putative top-down phase control are unknown. We designed a cross-modal (visual/auditory) attention study in which we used magnetoencephalography to record the brain activity from 34 healthy participants...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761552/analysis-of-the-bipolar-resistive-switching-behavior-of-a-biocompatible-glucose-film-for-resistive-random-access-memory
#18
Sung Pyo Park, Young Jun Tak, Hee Jun Kim, Jin Hyeok Lee, Hyukjoon Yoo, Hyun Jae Kim
Resistive random access memory (RRAM) devices are fabricated through a simple solution process using glucose, which is a natural biomaterial for the switching layer of RRAM. The fabricated glucose-based RRAM device shows nonvolatile bipolar resistive switching behavior, with a switching window of 103 . In addition, the endurance and data retention capability of glucose-based RRAM exhibit stable characteristics up to 100 consecutive cycles and 104 s under constant voltage stress at 0.3 V. The interface between the top electrode and the glucose film is carefully investigated to demonstrate the bipolar switching mechanism of the glucose-based RRAM device...
May 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757368/the-long-noncoding-rna-landscape-of-neuroendocrine-prostate-cancer-and-its-clinical-implications
#19
Varune Rohan Ramnarine, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Fan Mo, Noushin Nabavi, Nicholas Erho, Mandeep Takhar, Robert Shukin, Sonal Brahmbhatt, Alexander Gawronski, Maxim Kobelev, Mannan Nouri, Dong Lin, Harrison Tsai, Tamara L Lotan, R Jefferey Karnes, Mark A Rubin, Amina Zoubeidi, Martin E Gleave, Cenk Sahinalp, Alexander W Wyatt, Stanislav V Volik, Himisha Beltran, Elai Davicioni, Yuzhuo Wang, Colin C Collins
Background: Treatment induced neuroendocrine prostate cancer (tNEPC) is an aggressive variant of late-stage metastatic castrate resistant (mCRPC) prostate cancer that commonly arises through neuroendocrine transdifferentiation (NEtD). Treatment options are limited, ineffective, and for most patients, results in death in less than a year. We previously developed a first-in-field patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of NEtD. Longitudinal deep transcriptome profiling of this model enabled monitoring of dynamic transcriptional changes during NEtD and in the context of androgen deprivation...
May 10, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755907/the-100-most-influential-papers-and-recent-trends-in-the-field-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours-a-bibliometric-analysis
#20
Khadijah Siddiq, Hira F Akbar, Meeshal Khan, Amna A Siddiqui, Salman Nusrat, Jean Y Blay
Background Bibliometric analysis is a statistical tool used to examine the exponential growth in medical research. Many analogous analyses have been conducted, but none existed for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Hence, we conducted a citation analysis of the hundred most cited and recently published articles on this topic. Methods Scopus was chosen as the primary database, through which the top 100 and recent publications were ranked according to the citation count and were then analysed. Results The 100 most cited articles were published between 1992 and 2013, among which the greatest number of articles were published in the years 2002 (n = 15) and 2006 (n = 11)...
March 12, 2018: Curēus
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