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Maria Bäck, Åsa Cider, Johan Herlitz, Mari Lundberg, Bengt Jansson
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and to test the hypothesis that kinesiophobia mediates the influence on attendance at CR in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS: In total, 332 patients (75 women; mean age 65 ± 9.1 years) with a diagnosis of CAD were recruited at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. METHODS: The patients were tested in terms of objective measurements, self-rated psychological measurements, and level of physical activity...
October 11, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Flávia A Carvalho, Chris G Maher, Marcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Crystian B Oliveira, Fernanda G Silva, Rafael Z Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of physical activity measures, derived from accelerometer and a self-reported questionnaire, with fear of movement in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP), and to investigate the association between disability and fear of movement in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient physical therapy university clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Patients presenting with non-specific LBP of greater than 3 months duration...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Rim Maaoui, Emna Bahlouli, Imen Ksibi, Hanen Khiari, Hajer Rahali
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial factors appear increasingly decisive in functional disability related to chronic low-back pain. Catastrophizing and kinesiophobia lead to deconditioning and the perpetuation of pain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate fear, beliefs, catastrophizing and kinesiophobia in chronic low-back pain patients about to begin a training programme in a rehabilitation centre. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted in the department of physical and rehabilitation medicine in the Military Tunis hospital between March and June 2015, concerning patients followed for chronic low-back pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
François Luthi, Adrian Wolfensberger, Philippe Vuistiner, Michel Konzelmann, Chantal Plomb-Holmes, Bertrand Leger
OBJECTIVE: Multiple factors are affecting outcomes after shoulder injuries and there is no general consensus on which are the most decisive. The research questions were: (1) In patients with chronic shoulder pain, what are the psychosocial and biological factors associated with patient-reported outcome measures? (2) What are the psychosocial and biological factors associated with clinician-rated outcome measures? MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we collected the following biopsychosocial factors: biological (shoulder diagnosis category, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS), Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and INTERMED biological subscale), psychological (psychiatric comorbidity, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and INTERMED psychological subscale) and Social (Native Language, educational level, professional qualification, and INTERMED social subscale)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Cyrille Burrus, Johanne Tuscher, Philippe Vuistiner, Gilles Rivier, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: Functional capacity evaluation (FCE) based on a safe maximal performance (kinesiophysical criteria), is used to evaluate abilities of a patient to accomplish work-related tasks that may help precise functional limitations. As known in chronic pain, psychosocial factors and behavioral factors have been shown to influence FCE. The influence of the "fear-avoidance" model on FCE is debated (van Abbema, 2011) and has never been studied with a full model. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of the fear-avoidance model on FCE performance in patients admitted for vocational rehabilitation after orthopaedic trauma...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mathilde Berger, Alessandro Farné, Karen Reilly, Emmanuelle Chaléat-Valayer
OBJECTIVE/INTRODUCTION: The body image refers to the conscious representation of our own body. It can be modulated by various sensory manipulations and can also be disturbed in people with chronic pain [1,2]. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the body image of people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and its evolution after a functional restoration program (FRP). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective and single-center study, carried out on a population of people with CLBP receiving a FRP lasting four weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Johanna Morgounovski, Philippe Vuistiner, Bertrand Léger, François Luthi
OBJECTIVE: The fear-avoidance model (FAM) is commonly used in musculoskeletal chronic pain (Vlaeyen 2012). Nevertheless, only few prospective studies have been conducted, especially on return to work (RTW). This study lays the hypothesis that the components of the FAM (catastrophizing, kinesiophobia and depression) can predict RTW 1 year after a vocational rehabilitation for orthopedic trauma patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 323 rehab orthopedic trauma inpatients (average time after accident: 9 months) were included...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ana Tichonova, Inesa Rimdeikienė, Daiva Petruševičienė, Eglė Lendraitienė
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psychological responses to the initial injury and rehabilitation might be an important additional determinant of functional level outcomes after knee surgery. The objectives of this study were (1) to measure pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia levels and (2) determine their association with self-reported subjective knee function during rehabilitation, following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and meniscectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 41 participants...
2016: Medicina
Lars-Eric Olsson, Elisabeth Hansson, Inger Ekman
BACKGROUND: The goal of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is optimal pain relief and a normalized health-related quality of life. Anxious patients describe more pain and more difficulties than non-anxious patients during rehabilitation after THA. The aims of the present study were twofold: (1) to identify vulnerable patients using the general self-efficacy scale (GSES) and the Tampa scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), and (2) to evaluate if person-centred care including the responses of the instruments made rehabilitation more effective in terms of shortening hospital length of stay...
2016: BMC Nursing
I Ris, K Søgaard, B Gram, K Agerbo, E Boyle, B Juul-Kristensen
AIM: To investigate the effect of combining pain education, specific exercises and graded physical activity training (exercise) compared with pain education alone (control) on physical health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in chronic neck pain patients. METHODS: A multicentre randomised controlled trial of 200 neck pain patients receiving pain education. The exercise group received additional exercises for neck/shoulder, balance and oculomotor function, plus graded physical activity training...
August 20, 2016: Manual Therapy
Mariola Saulicz, Edward Saulicz, Andrzej Knapik, Pawel Linek, Jerzy Rottermund, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Tomasz Wolny
To determine the impact of physical activity and fitness on the level of physical activity barriers (kinesiophobia) in women of perimenopausal age, the study included 105 women between the ages of 48 and 58. A Baecke questionnaire was used to evaluate physical activity and a modified Fullerton test was used to evaluate the fitness level. The level of kinesiophobia was assessed using the Kinesiophobia Causes Scale questionnaire. A low level of habitual physical activity has a negative impact on the values of Biological Domain (r = -0...
June 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Thomas Overmeer, Gunnel Peterson, Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Anneli Peolsson
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of neck-specific exercise with (NSEB) or without (NSE) a behavioural approach and prescribed physical activity (PPA) on general pain disability and psychological factors in chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), grade 2 and 3, with a 2-year follow-up. METHODS: A randomized controlled multi-centre study of 3 exercise interventions (NSE, NSEB or PPA) including a 2-year follow-up. A total of 216 volunteers with chronic WAD were recruited and 194 were analyzed, mean age 40...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gulcan Harput, Damla Tok, Burak Ulusoy, Leyla Eraslan, Taha Ibrahim Yildiz, Elif Turgut, Serdar Demirci, Irem Duzgun, Volga Bayrakci Tunay, Gul Baltaci, Nevin Ergun
PURPOSE: To translate and culturally adapt the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury (ACL-RSI) scale into Turkish (ACL-RSI-Tr) and examine and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version in individuals who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: The ACL-RSI was forward- and back-translated, culturally adapted and validated on ninety-three Turkish individuals who had undergone ACL reconstruction (5 females, 88 males; age 28...
August 18, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Hanna Lotzke, Max Jakobsson, Helena Brisby, Annelie Gutke, Olle Hägg, Rob Smeets, Marlies den Hollander, Lars-Eric Olsson, Mari Lundberg
BACKGROUND: Following lumbar fusion surgery, a successful outcome is empirically linked to effective rehabilitation. While rehabilitation is typically postoperative, the phase before surgery - termed prehabilitation - is reportedly an ideal time to prepare the patient. There are presently no guidelines for prehabilitation before lumbar fusion surgery. Physical activity has well-known health benefits, and staying physically active despite pain is a major principle in non-pharmacological chronic low back pain treatment...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Guus Panken, Trynke Hoekstra, Arianne Verhagen, Maurits van Tulder, Jos Twisk, Martijn W Heymans
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (i) identify subpopulations of patients in an occupational setting who will still have or develop chronic low-back pain (LBP) and (ii) evaluate a previously developed prediction model based on the determined subpopulations. METHOD: In this prospective cohort, study data were analyzed from three merged randomized controlled trials, conducted in an occupational setting (N=622). Latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was used to distinguish patients with a different course of pain intensity measured over 12 months...
August 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Emine Eda Kurt, Öznur Büyükturan, Hatice Rana Erdem, Figen Tuncay, Hicabi Sezgin
[Purpose] To evaluate the short-term effects of kinesio tape on joint position sense, isokinetic measurements, kinesiophobia, symptoms, and functional limitations in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 90 patients (112 knees) with patellofemoral pain syndrome were randomized into a kinesio tape group (n=45) or placebo kinesio tape group (n=45). Baseline isokinetic quadriceps muscle tests and measurements of joint position sense were performed in both groups. Pain was measured with a Visual Analog Scale, kinesiophobia with the Tampa kinesiophobia scale, and symptoms and functional limitations with the Kujala pain scale...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Eeva-Eerika Helminen, Sanna H Sinikallio, Anna L Valjakka, Rauni H Väisänen-Rouvali, Jari Pa Arokoski
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of pain and disability in knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: A one-year prospective analysis of determinants of pain and functioning in knee osteoarthritis. STUDY SETTING: Primary care providers in a medium-sized city. PATIENTS: A total of 111 patients aged from 35 to 75 with clinical symptoms and radiographic grading (Kellgren-Lawrence 2-4) of knee osteoarthritis who participated in a randomized controlled trial...
September 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, Almudena López-López, Jose Luis González Gutiérrez, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Ángel Luis Rodríguez-Fernández, Isabel María Alguacil-Diego, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Josue Fernández-Carnero
BACKGROUND: Myofascial trigger point dry needling is frequently associated with postneedling soreness, which can generate patient dissatisfaction and reduced treatment adherence. Psychological factors may influence the perception of postneedling soreness and the effectiveness of postneedling soreness treatments. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were (a) to determine whether catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, pain anxiety and fear of pain are significant predictors of postneedling soreness over time and (b) to analyze if the relationships between psychological variables and postneedling soreness vary as a function of the postneedling soreness intervention, which included ischemic compression, placebo or control (without treatment)...
August 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Tathiana O Trocoli, Ricardo V Botelho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of anxiety, depression and kinesiophobia and their association with the symptoms of low back pain. METHODS: A total of 65 patients were divided into three groups: Organic, Amplified Organic and Non-Organic. They answered the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory and Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia and were evaluated according to their pain level using the Visual Analogic Scale. RESULTS: The average kinesiophobia scores of the patients in the Organic, Amplified Organic and Non-Organic groups were 36...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Gulcan Harput, Burak Ulusoy, Hamza Ozer, Gul Baltaci, Jim Richards
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of knee brace (KB) and kinesiotaping (KT) on functional performance and self-reported function in individuals six months post-ACLR who desired to return to their pre-injury activity levels but felt unable to do so due to kinesiophobia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 30 individuals six months post-ACLR with Tampa Kinesiophobia Scores >37. Individuals were tested under three conditions: no intervention, KB and KT in a randomized order...
October 2016: Knee
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