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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432761/protein-s-sulfhydration-by-hydrogen-sulfide-in-cardiovascular-system
#1
REVIEW
Guoliang Meng, Shuang Zhao, Liping Xie, Yi Han, Yong Ji
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), independent on any specific transporters, plays a number of biological effects on cardiovascular systems. However, the detailed mechanism of H2 S is not yet clear until now. Recently, a novel post-translational modification induced by H2 S, named S-sulfhydration, has been proposed. S-sulfhydration is a chemical modification on specific cysteine residues of target proteins by H2 S. There are several methods for S-sulfhydration detection, such as modified biotin switch assay, maleimide assay with fluorescent thiol modifying regents, tag-switch method and mass spectrometry...
April 22, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423119/importance-of-serca2a-on-early-isolated-diastolic-dysfunction-induced-by-supravalvular-aortic-stenosis-in-rats
#2
C F S M P Silveira, D H S Campos, P P Freire, A F Deus, K Okoshi, C R Padovani, A C Cicogna
Cardiac remodeling is defined as changes in shape and function of the heart in response to aggression (pressure overload). The sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase cardiac isoform 2a (SERCA2a) is a known factor that influences function. A wide spectrum of studies report a decrease in SERCA2a in heart failure, but none evaluate it's the role in early isolated diastolic dysfunction in supravalvular aortic stenosis (AoS). Our hypothesis was that SERCA2a participates in such dysfunction. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats (60-80 g) were divided into AoS and Sham groups, which were submitted to surgery with or without aorta clipping, respectively...
April 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410273/up-regulation-of-intracellular-calcium-handling-underlies-the-recovery-of-endotoxemic-cardiomyopathy-in-mice
#3
Justin C Morse, Joanne Huang, Natasha Khona, Edward J Miller, Deborah A Siwik, Wilson S Colucci, Ion A Hobai
BACKGROUND: In surviving patients, sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy is spontaneously reversible. In the absence of any experimental data, it is generally thought that cardiac recovery in sepsis simply follows the remission of systemic inflammation. Here the authors aimed to identify the myocardial mechanisms underlying cardiac recovery in endotoxemic mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (7 μg/g, intraperitoneally) and followed for 12 days...
April 14, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400369/in-utero-particulate-matter-exposure-produces-heart-failure-electrical-remodeling-and-epigenetic-changes-at-adulthood
#4
Vineeta Tanwar, Matthew W Gorr, Markus Velten, Clayton M Eichenseer, Victor P Long, Ingrid M Bonilla, Vikram Shettigar, Mark T Ziolo, Jonathan P Davis, Stephen H Baine, Cynthia A Carnes, Loren E Wold
BACKGROUND: Particulate matter (PM; PM2.5 [PM with diameters of <2.5 μm]) exposure during development is strongly associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes at adulthood. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that in utero PM2.5 exposure alone could alter cardiac structure and function at adulthood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Female FVB mice were exposed either to filtered air or PM2.5 at an average concentration of 73.61 μg/m(3) for 6 h/day, 7 days/week throughout pregnancy...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384221/kchip2-regulates-the-cardiac-ca2-transient-and-myocyte-contractility-by-targeting-ryanodine-receptor-activity
#5
Drew M Nassal, Xiaoping Wan, Haiyan Liu, Kenneth R Laurita, Isabelle Deschênes
Pathologic electrical remodeling and attenuated cardiac contractility are featured characteristics of heart failure. Coinciding with these remodeling events is a loss of the K+ channel interacting protein, KChIP2. While, KChIP2 enhances the expression and stability of the Kv4 family of potassium channels, leading to a more pronounced transient outward K+ current, Ito,f, the guinea pig myocardium is unique in that Kv4 expression is absent, while KChIP2 expression is preserved, suggesting alternative consequences to KChIP2 loss...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381328/long-term-effect-of-a-chronic-low-protein-multideficient-diet-on-the-heart-hypertension-and-heart-failure-in-chronically-malnourished-young-adult-rats
#6
Luiza V P Mendes, Sabrina R Gonsalez, Leonardo M Oliveira-Pinto, Amaury Pereira-Acácio, Christina M Takiya, José H M Nascimento, Marcelo Einicker-Lamas, Adalberto Vieyra, Valéria M N Cunha, Lucienne S Lara
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether a chronic low-protein multideficient diet (BRD) from weaning turns on cardiovascular adaptive responses that could culminate in hypertension and heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Systolic pressure (SP) and heart rate (HR) were determined in CTRL (normal diet) and BRD rats. Plasma albumin, plasma urea and urinary urea excretion decreased in BRD rats. In this group, echocardiography and the Langendorff technique showed: (i) increased HR and hypertension; (ii) decreased LVDP, dP/dtmax, dP/dtmin, cardiac output, ejection fraction, stroke volume and left ventricular diameter...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365402/distinct-fibrosis-pattern-in-desmosomal-and-phospholamban-mutation-carriers-in-hereditary-cardiomyopathies
#7
Shahrzad Sepehrkhouy, Johannes M I H Gho, René van Es, Magdalena Harakalova, Nicolaas de Jonge, Dennis Dooijes, Jasper J van der Smagt, Marc P Buijsrogge, Richard N W Hauer, Roel Goldschmeding, Roel A de Weger, Folkert W Asselbergs, Aryan Vink
BACKGROUND: Desmosomal and phospholamban (PLN) mutations are associated with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. Ultimately, most cardiomyopathy hearts develop significant cardiac fibrosis. OBJECTIVE: To compare the fibrosis patterns of desmosomal and p. Arg14del PLN associated cardiomyopathies with the pattern in hearts with other hereditary cardiomyopathies. METHODS: A mid-ventricular transversal slice was obtained from hearts of 30 patients with a cardiomyopathy with a known underlying mutation, and from 8 controls...
March 29, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352365/heart-failure-modulates-electropharmacological-characteristics-of-sinoatrial-nodes
#8
Shih-Lin Chang, Hui-Lun Chuang, Yao-Chang Chen, Yu-Hsun Kao, Yung-Kuo Lin, Yung-Hsin Yeh, Shih-Ann Chen, Yi-Jen Chen
The impact of heart failure (HF) on sinoatrial node (SAN) channel regulation and electropharmacological responses has remained elusive. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of HF on the electrical activity of SANs with and without pharmacological interventions. Action potentials (APs) were recorded in isolated SANs from normal rabbits (control) and those with HF (rapid ventricular pacing for 4 weeks) prior to and after administration of a funny current blocker (ivabradine; 0.1, 0.3, 3 or 10 µM), a calmodulin kinase II inhibitor (KN-93; 0...
February 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339772/heterologous-desensitization-of-cardiac-%C3%AE-adrenergic-signal-via-hormone-induced-%C3%AE-ar-arrestin-pde4-complexes
#9
Qian Shi, Minghui Li, Delphine Mika, Qin Fu, Sungjin Kim, Jason Phan, Ao Shen, Gregoire Vandecasteele, Yang K Xiang
Aims: Cardiac β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) signaling is susceptible to heterologous desensitization by different neurohormonal stimuli in clinical conditions associated with heart failure. We aim to examine the underlying mechanism of cross talk between βARs and a set of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by hormones/agonists. Methods and results: Rat ventricular cardiomyocytes were used to determine heterologous phosphorylation of βARs under a series of GPCR agonists...
February 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324061/progesterone-protects-against-bisphenol-a-induced-arrhythmias-in-female-rat-cardiac-myocytes-via-rapid-signaling
#10
Jianyong Ma, Kui Hong, Hong-Sheng Wang
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an estrogenic endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) that has a range of potential adverse health effects. Previously we showed that acute exposure to BPA promoted arrhythmias in female rat hearts through estrogen receptor rapid signaling. Progesterone (P4) and estrogen have antagonistic or complementary actions in a number of tissues and systems. In the current study, we examined the influence and possible protective effect of P4 on the rapid cardiac actions of BPA in female rat cardiac myocytes...
April 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278204/sarcolipin-deletion-exacerbates-soleus-muscle-atrophy-and-weakness-in-phospholamban-overexpressing-mice
#11
Val A Fajardo, Daniel Gamu, Andrew Mitchell, Darin Bloemberg, Eric Bombardier, Paige J Chambers, Catherine Bellissimo, Joe Quadrilatero, A Russell Tupling
Sarcolipin (SLN) and phospholamban (PLN) are two small proteins that regulate the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase pumps. In a recent study, we discovered that Pln overexpression (PlnOE) in slow-twitch type I skeletal muscle fibers drastically impaired SERCA function and caused a centronuclear myopathy-like phenotype, severe muscle atrophy and weakness, and an 8 to 9-fold upregulation of SLN protein in the soleus muscles. Here, we sought to determine the physiological role of SLN upregulation, and based on its role as a SERCA inhibitor, we hypothesized that it would represent a maladaptive response that contributes to the SERCA dysfunction and the overall myopathy observed in the PlnOE mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273177/acute-exhaustive-aerobic-exercise-training-impair-cardiomyocyte-function-and-calcium-handling-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#12
Kristine Ljones, Henning Ofstad Ness, Karin Solvang-Garten, Svein Erik Gaustad, Morten Andre Høydal
INTRODUCTION: Recent data from long-distance endurance participants suggest that cardiac function is impaired after completion. Existing data further indicate that right ventricular function is more affected than left ventricular function. The cellular mechanisms underpinning cardiac deterioration are limited and therefore the aim of this study was to examine cardiomyocyte and molecular responses of the right and left ventricle to an acute bout of exhaustive endurance exercise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to sedentary controls or acute exhaustive endurance exercise consisting of a 120 minutes long forced treadmill run...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254803/the-phospholamban-journey-4-decades-after-setting-out-for-ithaka
#13
Evangelia G Kranias, Roger J Hajjar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242257/exendin-4-inhibits-structural-remodeling-and-improves-ca-2-homeostasis-in-rats-with-heart-failure-via-the-glp-1-receptor-through-the-enos-cgmp-pkg-pathway
#14
Jingjing Chen, Dandan Wang, Fangai Wang, Shaobo Shi, Yuting Chen, Bo Yang, Yanhong Tang, Congxin Huang
The glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist exendin-4 is a long-acting analog of GLP-1, which stimulates insulin secretion and is clinically used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Previous studies have demonstrated that GLP-1 agonists and analogs serve as cardioprotective factors in various conditions. Disturbances in calcium cycling are characteristic of heart failure (HF); therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exendin-4 (a GLP-1 mimetic) on the regulation of calcium handling and to identify the underlying mechanisms in an HF rat model after myocardial infarction (MI)...
April 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235404/progesterone-signalling-in-broiler-skeletal-muscle-is-associated-with-divergent-feed-efficiency
#15
Walter Bottje, Byung-Whi Kong, Antonio Reverter, Ashley J Waardenberg, Kentu Lassiter, Nicholas J Hudson
BACKGROUND: We contrast the pectoralis muscle transcriptomes of broilers selected from within a single genetic line expressing divergent feed efficiency (FE) in an effort to improve our understanding of the mechanistic basis of FE. RESULTS: Application of a virtual muscle model to gene expression data pointed to a coordinated reduction in slow twitch muscle isoforms of the contractile apparatus (MYH15, TPM3, MYOZ2, TNNI1, MYL2, MYOM3, CSRP3, TNNT2), consistent with diminishment in associated slow machinery (myoglobin and phospholamban) in the high FE animals...
February 24, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222421/luteolin-enhances-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-ca2-atpase-activity-through-p38-mapk-signaling-thus-improving-rat-cardiac-function-after-ischemia-reperfusion
#16
Shasha Zhu, Tongda Xu, Yuanyuan Luo, Yingying Zhang, Haochen Xuan, Yanfeng Ma, Defeng Pan, Dongye Li, Hong Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A major challenge for current therapeutic strategies against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is the lack of effective drugs. Considering luteolin enhances the activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2a) to improve the systolic/diastolic function of rat hearts and cardiomyocytes during the I/R process, we studied the regulatory function of the p38 MAPK pathway in this protective mechanism. METHODS: Isolated cardiomyocytes and perfused hearts were separately divided into five groups and used to investigate I/R...
February 21, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219977/adrenergic-receptors-in-individual-ventricular-myocytes-the-beta-1-and-alpha-1b-are-in-all-cells-the-alpha-1a-is-in-a-subpopulation-and-the-beta-2-and-beta-3-are-mostly-absent
#17
Bat-Erdene Myagmar, James M Flynn, Patrick M Cowley, Philip M Swigart, Megan D Montgomery, Kevin Thai, Divya Nair, Rumita Gupta, David X Deng, Chihiro Hosoda, Simon Melov, Anthony J Baker, Paul C Simpson
RATIONALE: It is unknown whether every ventricular myocyte expresses all 5 of the cardiac adrenergic receptors (ARs), β1, β2, β3, α1A, and α1B. The β1 and β2 are thought to be the dominant myocyte ARs. OBJECTIVE: Quantify the 5 cardiac ARs in individual ventricular myocytes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied ventricular myocytes from wild-type mice, mice with α1A and α1B knockin reporters, and β1 and β2 knockout mice. Using individual isolated cells, we measured knockin reporters, mRNAs, signaling (phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase and phospholamban), and contraction...
March 31, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209766/glycosylated-chromogranin-a-in-heart-failure-implications-for-processing-and-cardiomyocyte-calcium-homeostasis
#18
Anett Hellebø Ottesen, Cathrine R Carlson, William E Louch, Mai Britt Dahl, Ragnhild A Sandbu, Rune Forstrøm Johansen, Hilde Jarstadmarken, Magnar Bjørås, Arne Didrik Høiseth, Jon Brynildsen, Ivar Sjaastad, Mats Stridsberg, Torbjørn Omland, Geir Christensen, Helge Røsjø
BACKGROUND: Chromogranin A (CgA) levels have previously been found to predict mortality in heart failure (HF), but currently no information is available regarding CgA processing in HF and whether the CgA fragment catestatin (CST) may directly influence cardiomyocyte function. METHODS AND RESULTS: CgA processing was characterized in postinfarction HF mice and in patients with acute HF, and the functional role of CST was explored in experimental models. Myocardial biopsies from HF, but not sham-operated mice, demonstrated high molecular weight CgA bands...
February 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209764/kcnj11-ablation-is-associated-with-increased-nitro-oxidative-stress-during-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-implications-for-human-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#19
Bo Zhang, Tatiana Novitskaya, Debra G Wheeler, Zhaobin Xu, Elena Chepurko, Ryan Huttinger, Heng He, Saradhadevi Varadharaj, Jay L Zweier, Yanna Song, Meng Xu, Frank E Harrell, Yan Ru Su, Tarek Absi, Mark J Kohr, Mark T Ziolo, Dan M Roden, Christian M Shaffer, Cristi L Galindo, Quinn S Wells, Richard J Gumina
BACKGROUND: Despite increased secondary cardiovascular events in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), the expression of innate cardiac protective molecules in the hearts of patients with ICM is incompletely characterized. Therefore, we used a nonbiased RNAseq approach to determine whether differences in cardiac protective molecules occur with ICM. METHODS AND RESULTS: RNAseq analysis of human control and ICM left ventricular samples demonstrated a significant decrease in KCNJ11 expression with ICM...
February 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134629/liguzinediol-enhances-the-inotropic-effect-of-rat-hearts-via-inhibition-of-protein-phosphatase-pp1-and-pp2a-activities
#20
Sha Li, Huili Huang, Mengdan Zhang, Wei Wang, Shuyin Xue, Ying Gao, Ming Xie, Kesu Chen, Fuming Liu, Long Chen
It has been demonstrated that liguzinediol (2,5-dihydroxymethyl-3,6-dimethylpyrazine, LZDO), a derivative of ligustrazine from Ligusticum wallichii Franch, exerts positive inotropy in isolated rat heart mediated by the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-ATPase (SERCA2a). Here, we further explore the underlying mechanism of the positive inotropic effect of LZDO in rat hearts. In vivo and ex vivo rat heart experiments, biochemistry, and Western blot techniques were used to analyze the rat heart contractility, and SERCA2a activity, phospholamban (PLB) phosphorylation, and protein phosphatase (PP1 and PP2A) activities in rat left ventricular myocytes, respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
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