keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bone

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351576/nivolumab-associated-bone-marrow-necrosis
#1
T Hilal, P Bansal, K Kelemen, J Slack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351558/analysis-of-500-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-from-a-private-institutional-register
#2
Lauro Augusto Costa, Noel Oizerovici Foni, Eliane Antonioli, Rogério Teixeira de Carvalho, Isabela Dias Paião, Mário Lenza, Mário Ferretti
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to describe the epidemiological characteristics of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions in a private hospital in Brazil and to determine trends in medical practice for comparison with previous studies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the anterior cruciate ligament institutional register to obtain data from all patients who underwent primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction from July 2014 to June 2016. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351359/cyr61-ccn1-regulates-sclerostin-levels-and-bone-maintenance
#3
Gexin Zhao, Bau-Lin Huang, Diana Rigueur, Weiguang Wang, Chimay Bhoot, Kemberly R Charles, Jongseung Baek, Subburaman Mohan, Jie Jiang, Karen M Lyons
CYR61/CCN1 is a matricellular protein that resides in the extracellular matrix, but serves regulatory rather than structural roles. CYR61/CCN1 is found in mineralized tissues and has been shown to influence bone healing in vivo and osteogenic differentiation in vitro. In this study we generated Cyr61 bone specific knockout mice to examine the physiological role of CYR61/CCN1 in bone development and maintenance in vivo. Extensive analysis of Cyr61 conditional knockout mice showed a significant decrease in both trabecular and cortical bone mass as compared to WT littermate...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351123/accuracy-of-18f-naf-pet-ct-in-bone-metastasis-detection-and-its-effect-on-patient-management-in-patients-with-breast-carcinoma
#4
Wouter A M Broos, Friso M van der Zant, Maurits Wondergem, Remco J J Knol
OBJECTIVE: Determination of the accuracy of sodium fluorine-18-fluoride (F-NaF) PET/computed tomography (CT) for the evaluation of bone metastases, and the impact on patient management in breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with breast cancer, referred for F-NaF PET/CT between February 2014 and June 2016, were included in a database. Baseline characteristics, clinical indication, definitive diagnosis according to follow-up data, as well as changes in patient management were recorded...
January 18, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351052/particulate-coral-hydroxyapatite-sheltered-by-titanium-mesh-for-localized-alveolar-rehabilitation-after-onlay-graft-failure-a-case-report
#5
Miao Zhou, Shuyi Li, Hendrik Terheyden, Shuaishuai Cao, Yuejuan Che, Yuanming Geng
Reconstruction of bone loss in the alveolar ridge has long been challenging. Autologous bone grafts are considered as the "golden standard", while little research has focused on how to repair pronounced alveolar bone defects after autologous bone graft failure. The aim of this study was to detail a method based on the titanium mesh technique coupled with particulate coral hydroxyapatite to solve the Onlay graft failure. With bone deficiency in the #11 and #24- #25 regions, we harvested two autologous bone blocks for reconstruction...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351044/comparison-of-reliability-of-categorical-and-continuous-scales-for-radiographic-assessments-of-bone-infill-following-secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting
#6
Peter V Fowler, Azza H Al-Ani, John M D Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate examiner reliability of scoring intraoral radiographs of bone infill following secondary bone grafting using a categorical scale (modified Kindelan Index) and a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS). To investigate the level of clinical experience on the reliability of these assessments. DESIGN: Retrospective study involving 10 clinicians of varying clinical experience who were blind to the patient's identity. SETTING: All grafting was carried out within the New Zealand public hospital service...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351042/secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-in-patients-born-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-20-year-follow-up
#7
Fatemeh Jabbari, Laila Wiklander, Erika Reiser, Andreas Thor, Malin Hakelius, Daniel Nowinski
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors of oral health important for the final outcome, after secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate and compare occlusal radiographs with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in assessment of alveolar bone height. DESIGN: Observational follow-up study. SETTING: Cleft Lip and Palate Team, Craniofacial Center, Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden. PATIENTS: 40 nonsyndromic, Caucasian patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350883/peri-implant-conditions-and-levels-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-among-patients-with-different-glycemic-control
#9
Zeyad H Al-Sowygh, Siti Mariam Ab Ghani, Konstantinos Sergis, Fahim Vohra, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: A close relationship between poor glycemic control and peri-implant break down has been demonstrated. It is hypothesized that levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) are higher with increased glycemic levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. PURPOSE: In the present study, we examined the clinical and radiographic peri-implant parameters and levels of AGEs among different glycemic levels in diabetic patients and assessed whether the levels of AGEs correlate with clinical peri-implant parameters...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350648/imaging-of-metabolic-bone-disease
#10
Maria Mattera, Alfonso Reginelli, Silvia Bartollino, Claudio Russo, Antonio Barile, Domenico Albano, Giovanni Mauri, Carmelo Messina, Salvatore Cappabianca, Giuseppe Guglielmi
Osteoporosis is the most important metabolic bone disease, with a wide distribution among the elderly. It is characterized by low bone mass and micro architectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone fragility and a consequent increase in fracture risk. Identify bone weakening with an appropriate and accurate use of diagnostic imaging is of critical importance in the diagnosis and follow-up of osteoporotic patients. The aim of this review is to evaluate the detection rates of the different imaging modalities in the evaluation of bone strength, in the assessment of fracture risk and in the management of fragility fractures...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350646/radiofrequency-ablation-of-osteoid-osteoma
#11
Massimo De Filippo, Umberto Russo, Vito Roberto Papapietro, Francesco Ceccarelli, Francesco Pogliacomi, Enrico Vaienti, Claudia Piccolo, Raffaella Capasso, Assunta Sica, Fabrizio Cioce, Mattia Carbone, Federico Bruno, Carlo Masciocchi, Vittorio Miele
Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone neoplasm with a reported incidence of 2-3% among all bone primary tumors. Although it is a small and benign lesion, it is often cause of patient complaint and discomfort. It is generally characterized by a long lasting, unremitting pain that typically exacerbates at night, often leading to sleep deprivation and functional limitation of the skeletal segment involved, with a significant reduction of patient daily life activities and consequent worsening of the overall quality of life...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350645/developments-in-the-management-of-bone-metastases-with-interventional-radiology
#12
Francesco Arrigoni, Federico Bruno, Luigi Zugaro, Raffaele Natella, Salvatore Cappabianca, Umberto Russo, Vito Roberto Papapietro, Alessandra Splendiani, Ernesto Di Cesare, Carlo Masciocchi, Antonio Barile
Interventional radiology has known an exponential growth in the last years. Technological advances of the last decades, have made it possible to use new treatments on a larger scale, with safe and effective results. They could be considered as palliative treatments for painful lesions but also curative procedures, as single treatment or specially in combination with other techniques (surgery, radiation and oncology therapies, etc.).The main diffuse techniques are those of thermal ablation that destroy the target lesion through the heat; however there are also endovascular therapies that destroy the target tissue thanks to devascularization...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350644/talar-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#13
Giuseppe Caracchini, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Michele Galluzzo, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Anna Russo, Federico Greco, Vittorio Miele
INTRODUCTION: The talus is the second largest bone of the foot. It is fundamental to ensure normal ankle-foot movements as it connects the leg and the foot. Talar fractures are usually due to high energy traumas (road accidents, high level falls). They are not common as they account for 3-5% of ankle and foot fractures and 0.85% of all body fractures. However, talar fractures not correctly diagnosed and treated can lead to avascular necrosis of the astragalus, pseudoarthrosis, early osteoarthrisis and ankle instability, declining the quality of life of patients...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350643/calcaneal-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#14
Michele Galluzzo, Federico Greco, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Nicola Maggialetti, Alfredo D'andrea, Giuseppe Caracchini, Vittorio Miele
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The calcaneus, the more lower bone of the body, has the task of supporting the axial load from the weight of the body. Calcaneal fractures represent about 1-2% of all fractures and 60% of the tarsal bones fractures. The articular involvement has been associated with a poor functional outcome. The aim of this work is to describe the radiologic evaluation, the classification systems, the morphological preoperative diagnostic imaging features of calcaneal fractures, highlighting the correlation with the choice of treatment and predictive capacity for the fracture surgical outcome...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350636/imaging-of-pediatric-foot-disorders
#15
Alfonso Reginelli, Anna Russo, Fabrizio Turrizziani, Roberto Picascia, Elisa Micheletti, Vittoria Galeazzi, Umberto Russo, Assunta Sica, Fabrizio Cioce, Alberto Aliprandi, Andrea Giovagnoni, Salvatore Cappabianca
Infants and children undergo imaging studies to evaluate a wide variety of congenital and acquired disorders. Imaging protocols have to consider the patient's comfort, level of anxiety, and smaller size. The first imaging study is usually made with plain radiographs. The routine radiographic examination of the foot includes the anteroposterior (AP), lateral, and oblique projections. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (RMI) provides excellent anatomic detail of cartilage, vasculature and soft tissue thanks to superior soft tissue contrast and spatial resolution, so is valuable in many cases...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350635/magnetic-resonance-imaging-correlates-of-benign-and-malignant-alterations-of-the-spinal-bone-marrow
#16
Ferdinando Caranci, Enrico Tedeschi, Lorenzo Ugga, Alessandra D'Amico, Serena Schipani, Silvia Bartollino, Claudio Russo, Alessandra Splendiani, Francesco Briganti, Marcello Zappia, Mariarosa A B Melone, Carlo Maschiocchi, Luca Brunese
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Bone marrow (BM) abnormalities in the spine are a common, sometimes unexpected, finding on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), which is the most sensitive imaging modality to evaluate the marrow, and their interpretation can be difficult for the unexperienced radiologist. In this review, the MRI appearance of normal age-related BM changes, as well as the imaging features of benign and malignant diseases, are presented. DISCUSSION: A large variety of BM signal alterations has been identified and described, including normal variants, BM reconversion,  degenerative changes, infections, spondyloarthritis and osteonecrosis, trauma, neoplastic lesions (both primary or metastatic), post-radiation and chemotherapy sequelae...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350599/prognostic-factors-for-progression-in-atypical-meningioma
#17
Shakir I Shakir, Luis Souhami, Kevin Petrecca, Jose João Mansure, Khushdeep Singh, Valerie Panet-Raymond, George Shenouda, Amal A Al-Odaini, Bassam Abdulkarim, Marie-Christine Guiot
OBJECTIVE The optimal adjuvant management for atypical meningiomas remains controversial. The aim of this study was to review long-term outcomes to identify potential prognostic factors for disease progression. METHODS From August 1992 to August 2013, 70 patients with atypical meningioma were treated at the authors' institution. Pathology revision was performed based on WHO 2007 criteria. Patients with multiple tumors, neurofibromatosis Type 2, or inadequate imaging follow-up were not eligible. The authors performed pre- and postoperative serial measurements of tumor volume from MRI...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350565/safety-and-efficacy-of-denosumab-in-osteoporotic-patients-previously-treated-with-other-medications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Andreas Fontalis, Kenanidis Eustathios, Efthymia Prousali, Potoupnis Michael, Tsiridis Eleftherios
Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody that received approval by the FDA for the treatment of osteoporosis in 2010. Available higher level research evidence concerns the treatment of patients that have not received any anti-osteoporotic medication in the past. Further investigation is warranted, since clinicians often face the challenge of administering the most efficacious drug in patients, pretreated with other medications. Areas Covered: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of denosumab compared to other active anti-osteoporotic agents in patients formerly receiving other treatments...
January 19, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350537/cartilage-morphological-and-histological-findings-after-reconstruction-of-the-glenoid-with-an-iliac-crest-bone-graft
#19
Alexander Auffarth, Herbert Resch, Nicholas Matis, Martin Hudelmaier, Wolfgang Wirth, Rosemarie Forstner, Daniel Neureiter, Andreas Traweger, Philipp Moroder
BACKGROUND: The J-bone graft is presumably representative of iliac crest bone grafts in general and allows anatomic glenoid reconstruction in cases of bone defects due to recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder dislocations. As a side effect, these grafts have been observed to be covered by some soft, cartilage-like tissue when arthroscopy has been indicated after such procedures. PURPOSE: To evaluate the soft tissue covering of J-bone grafts by use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histological analysis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350524/development-of-a-multiplexed-microsphere-pcr-for-rapid-culture-free-detection-and-gram-typing-of-bacteria-in-human-blood-samples
#20
Fang Liang, Daniel J Browne, Megan J Gray, Kate H Gartlan, David D Smith, Ross Barnard, Geoff R Hill, Simon Robert Corrie, Kate Markey
Blood stream infection is a significant clinical problem, particularly in vulnerable patient groups such as those undergoing chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. Clinical diagnostics for suspected blood stream infection remain centered around blood culture (highly variable timing, hours to days), and empiric use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is often employed for patients presenting with febrile neutropenia. Gram-typing provides the first opportunity to target therapy (e.g. combinations containing vancomycin or teicoplanin for Gram-positives; piperacillin-tazobactam or a carbapenem for Gram-negatives), however current approaches require blood culture...
January 19, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
870
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"